John Henry Newman.

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ADDRESSES

TO

CARDINAL NEWMAN

WITH

HIS REPLIES

ETC.
1879-81




Card. Newman. Fr. W. Neville. Fr. T. Pope.
Fr. P. Eaglesim.



ADDRESSES

TO

CARDINAL NEWMAN

WITH

HIS REPLIES

ETC.
I879-8I



Ille Senex mirae fitit dignitatis, inotlestiae, comitatis.
Pulchtrritna sane venustas Senectutis Christianae. Petrum
loqui putares potinsquam Petri ministrum.P. 198.



EDITED BY

THE REV. W. P. NEVILLE

M

(CONQ. ORAT.)



WITH 2 ILLUSTRATIONS



LONGMANS, GREEN, AND CO.

91 AND 93 FIFTH AVENUE, NEW YORK

LONDON AND BOMBAY

1905



CONTENTS.

PAGE

ADVERTISEMENT vii

PRKI ATORY NARRATIVE ix

OFFICIAL OFFER OF THE CARDINALATE,

ETC xxi

ADDRESSES TO CARDINAL NEWMAN WITH
HIS REPLIES, ETC.

ST. BEUNO'S COLLEGE i

DOWNSIDE MONASTERY .... 4
BEAUMONT COLLEGE .... 6
BIRMINGHAM CHAPTER .... 9
ENGLISH JESUIT PROVINCE . . .11

NAPLES ORATORY 13

BENEDICTINE PROVINCE OF CANTER-
BURY 18

GLASGOW JESUIT MISSION ... 19
LIVERPOOL JESUIT COLLEGE ... 21
STONYHURST COLLEGE .... 23
BENEDICTINE (ENGLISH) CONGREGA-
TION 28, 208

DOUAI COLLEGE 30

LONDON ORATORY ... 32, 256

WESTMINSTER CHAPTER ... 34
HEXHAM AND NEWCASTLE CHAPTER . 37
OBLATES OF ST. CHARLES ... 39
TRINITY COLLEGE, OXFORD ... 43
WOODCHESTER DOMINICAN PRIORY . 4$
IRISH CATHOLIC M.P.'s .... 47
SCOTTISH HIERARCHY .... 51
OLTON SEMINARY .... 53, 290
ROE HAMPTON CONVENT .... 56
BIRMINGHAM CATHOLIC UNION . . 58
BIGLIETTO SPEECH, ROME 61

ENGLISH-SPEAKING CATHOLICS IN ROME 71
CATHOLIC UNION . 76, 262

;LISH HIERARCHY .... 88
BEDE'S SOCIETY . . -91

LIVERPOOL CHAPTER .... 94
OXFORD CATHOLIC MISSION ... 99



281 71 1



VI



PAGE

HOME-COMING DISCOURSE . . .103
NOTTINGHAM CHAPTER . . . . 106
IRISH COLLEGE, PARIS . . . .108
OSCOTT COLLEGE . . . .no, 224
WESTMINSTER AND SOUTHWARK SECU-
LAR CLERGY II2

ALTAR SOCIETY, ORATORY CHURCH . 114

CLIFTON CHAPTER "6

ORATORY SCHOOL SOCIETY . . .119
ORATORY SCHOOL PARENTS . . .124

ORATORY SCHOOL 129

SALFORD CHAPTER *34

MANCHESTER CATHOLIC CLUB . 138

LANCASHIRE CLERGY . . . .141
C. U. I. BONO CLUB . . . .144
CATHOLIC YOUNG MEN'S SOCIETIES . 151
CATHOLIC TOTAL ABSTINENCE LEAGUE 160

ORATORY MISSION 164

BRITISH AND IRISH CATHOLICS . . 169
CATHOLIC POOR SCHOOL COMMITTEE . 179

ACADEMIA 185

ST. GEORGE'S CLUB .... 191
LIVERPOOL TRAINING COLLEGE OF

NOTRE DAME 194

CORK CITY 198

ST. MICHAEL'S, HEREFORD . . 203

ORATORY MISSION SCHOOLS . . 205

BIRMINGHAM DIOCESE .... 213
IRISH CATHOLIC UNIVERSITY . 229

BIRMINGHAM CATHOLIC REUNION . 235

IRISH CATHOLICS 244

LITTLE ORATORY, LONDON . . .256
AUSTRALIAN CATHOLICS . . .275
AMERICAN CATHOLIC YOUNG MEN'S

NATIONAL UNION .... 299
PORTRAIT PRESENTATION . . . 302

APPENDIX 309

INDEX . 323



ILLUSTRATIONS.

GROUP. Card. Newman Fr. W. Neville

Fr. T. Pope Fr. P. Eaglesim Frontispiece

CHURCH OF S. GEORGE IN VELABRO to face /. xi



ADDRESSES TO CARDINAL
NEWMAN, WITH HIS RE-
PLIES, ETC., 1879-81.

ADVERTISEMENT.

THIS volume is given to the public as ma-
terial actually printed from Fr. Neville's
MS., the staple of it almost ready for press
at the time of his death. It virtually comes
from him.

It has been deemed best to issue, with
as little delay as may be, what stands
complete in itself, and forms a not unim-
portant part of the Cardinal's work. Indeed
some few portions are, perhaps, equal to
anything he has written ; and deal occasion-
ally with subjects of special interest to the
religious world at the present day.

A Prefatory narrative introduces the
various replies made by his Eminence to
Addresses received in 1879-81, on occasion
of the Cardinalate conferred upon him in
the former year by Pope Leo XIII.

In an Appendix will be found the Italian
and Latin versions respectively of two
out of three letters given after the Prefa-
tory narrative ; also a letter from Dr. New-
man to Bishop Ullathorne, the terms of
which gave rise to the impression that the
Cardinalate had been declined ; and three
notes are added in connection with his



VI U

journey from Rome, a projected second
journey thither, the duties of the Car-
dinalate, etc. Finally, a small index has
been added.

Should it chance that leave has not been
obtained by Fr. Neville for the publication
of any of the few letters appearing, it is
hoped that their congratulatory character,
representing as they do, in nearly every
case, the sentiments of whole communities
on a public occasion, will excuse any inad-
vertent omission in this respect.

The book is a record of Fr. Neville's assi-
duity in matters relating to the Cardinal,
and may be fitly dedicated to the memory
of a long and unobtrusive service, and of a
singular and touching devotion to the illus-
trious Oratorian.*

ijth July, 1905.

H. L. B.

E. B. (L.).

[* Notes additional to Fr. Neville's are put in square
brackets.]



PREFATORY NARRATIVE.

THE title, Visile di Galore, had been in-
tended for this book in addition to that
of Addresses to Cardinal Newman with
his Replies. It is the name given in
Rome to the visits a new Cardinal there
receives on the three days of the cere-
monies of his creation ; a day being allotted
to each class of visitors who come to do
him honour and to welcome him. The
first is given to the Cardinals ; the second
to the magistracy and distinguished resi-
dents ; the third to people generally.
The Cardinals come according to their
pleasure, to make or renew personal ac-
quaintance with their new colleague, and
thus to place him and themselves on
an intimate, indeed a fraternal footing.
The new Prince of the Church is wel-
comed as a brother and fellow coun-
sellor of its Supreme Head, and an equal
of all ; and this glad feeling shows
itself no less distinctly, however differ-
ently, among the others whose visits
follow in due order, and thus their name
has obtained in Rome of Visile di Calort,
Visits of Affection.

The worth of the collection for print-
ing entire has been questioned, some per-
sons thinking the preservation of a few



of the Replies for biographical purposes
sufficient.* Other objections have also
been made ; such, for instance, as the
egotistical effect of a number of speeches,
etc., from the same speaker, all of them
on one subject relating to himself,
an objection that the Cardinal anticipated
and felt greatly at the time. It was pain-
ful to him to speak so much of himself,
but, to be egotistical was, he said, an
unavoidable necessity of the occasion.
He was glad therefore to be able some-
times to have recourse to a Sermon or
Religious Instruction rather than make a
formal reply. Nevertheless, in spite of
objections and anything that may be
defective in composition or otherwise,
both Addresses and the Replies to
them are given without reserve, as a
memorial of a very interesting episode
in the Cardinal's life. Included with
them are some papers read by him, even
some notes of sermons, which took the
place of Replies. They make an al-
most complete collection of what passed
from and to public bodies in connection
with his elevation. A few Replies made
impromptu are from the notes of persons
present. Newspaper extracts have been
added to give some little knowledge of

[* Hardly one of the Replies, in fact, but has its own
characteristic and value. The final paragraph of the last
reply in the collection is, perhaps, as beautiful as any-
thing the Cardinal ever wrote. He thought himself an
unready man, but, pen in hand, he became with practice
more than equal to the calls made upon him, as the
Replies conclusively prove.]




CHURCH OF S. GEORGE IN VELABRO.



XI

the course of events. Names have been
preserved as much as possible, to show
the widespread interest taken in the Holy
Father's act, and the trouble, as the
Cardinal felt it, to which people put them-
selves, to do him honour.

Dr. Newman was created Cardinal, with
the Deaconry of St. George in Velabro
in the first Consistory for the creation
of Cardinals held by the new Pope
Leo XIII., May 12, 1879, the Cardinal's
age being seventy-eight years and three
months.*

Among those raised to the Sacred Col-
lege with him were Mgr. Pecci, the Pope's
brother, Fr. Zigliara of the Order of St.
Dominic, and Mgr. Hergenroether ; these,
with himself, as Deacons ; also, as Car-
dinal Priest, Mgr. Alimonda, Bishop of
Albenga, afterwards Archbishop of Turin,
who, many years before, had done Dr.
Newman great and kind service in con-
nection with the Achilli trial. Fr. Cape-
celatro, of the Oratory at Naples, now
Cardinal Archbishop of Capua, became at
the same time one of the four Palatine
Prelates. He, too, had acted as a friend
towards Dr. Newman in what he had
written of him.

Before, however, St. George in Velabro
had been fixed upon, two other Deaconries

one of the rough proofs, Fr. Neville's Preface
begins with the above paragraph. The whole was sub-
mitted by him to several readers, including the Editors,
for any comments, omissions, changes of paragraphs, and
small verbal alterations.]



Xll

had been named for him ; first, that of St.
Nicholas in Carcere, then, that of St.
Adrian in Foro Romano.

The choice of St. Nicholas seemed to
have been a special kindness from the
Holy Father ; for, besides being an ancient
and a handsome church, it had recently
been thoroughly repaired and decorated
by Pius IX. Dr. Newman went to see it
and it pleased him much. There was an
appearance of life about the church ; and
it had the advantage of a capitular body,
though small, being attached to it. He
was pleased also that it was in a well-
populated neighbourhood of apparently
poor but industrious people. Moreover,
from a remark he made to those who
accompanied him, it was clear that
he was turning over in his mind the
use he might make of the church. For
although the Holy Father had given him
the extraordinary favour of permission to
live in England instead of at Rome, he
himself, nevertheless, contemplated re-
siding there from time to time, and it
pleased him to think that his possession
of this church, and his jurisdiction therein,
might give these poor people a claim on
his services.

However, in one or two days, the Holy
Father found, to his own disappointment,
that one of the Cardinals, who had ac-
quired the right to change his Titular
Church, had determined to do so for that
of St. Nicholas in Carcere, and he had
the right to take it.



Word of this was sent to Dr. Newman
in a most kind message from the Holy
Father ; with a special injunction that he
was to be told also, that although all
Cardinals are really equal, whatever their
title may be, yet the original intention
had been to place him among the Car-
dinal Priests. It had happened, however,
that most of the vacancies in the Sacred
College were among the Deaconries, and
there were only enough in the Presby-
teral Titles for those Archbishops and
Bishops who were then to be created
Cardinals. The Presbyteral Title, the
message went on to say, which had
seemed to be available for him had, at the
last moment, been claimed by the King
of Portugal for a Bishop of that country;
and thus a double disappointment had
been caused. Then, almost with an apology
for the necessary change with regard to
St. Nicholas, the Holy Father asked him
to take the title of St. Adrian in Foro
Romano. St. Adrian's, however, was pre-
sently changed for the title by which
Dr. Newman was afterwards known, viz.,
of St. George in Velabro, for which a
number of British residents in Rome
petitioned the Pope on account of St.
George being the Patron of England.

Among other gracious acts and marks
of consideration from the Holy Father,
one appears to be specially noteworthy.
It had been known that Leo XIII., very
soon after his election, on being asked



XIV

by an intimate friend, the Commendatore
de Rossi, "What, Holy Father, will be
your policy as Pope ? " had replied, " Wait
till you see my first Cardinal; that will
show you what will be typical of my
reign".

Indeed there are circumstances which
would make it appear that the Holy
Father had even thought of Dr. Newman's
elevation almost contemporaneously with
his own election ; and that later, when
his merits were brought before him by
various prominent persons independently
of each other, he was glad to make them,
and, indeed, the outer world generally,
co-operators, as it were, with himself, in
his act of grace to Dr. Newman. Be-
sides, as the conversation between the
Pope and the Commendatore de Rossi
was told by the Commendatore to Dr.
Newman's companions in support of his
assertion that in the Holy Father's mind
Dr. Newman was his first Cardinal, and
the Pope's brother, Cardinal Pecci, was
named as being cognisant of the fact, it
may be concluded that this was really
the case. So determined had the Holy
Father been on Dr. Newman's elevation,
that, when in a preliminary Congregation it
had been urged that he was ineligible, in-
asmuch as he had never occupied any of
those positions from which new Cardinals
are commonly selected nor was he in-
tended for such and that moreover he
would not be living in Rome, nor was



XV

there any precedent known for such a
departure from the constitutions of the
Sacred College, the Pope at once replied
that he himself would make such a
precedent in favour of Dr. Newman.*
This the Pope did, May 12, 1879, in
Rome, Dr. Newman going there for the
purpose. In this again the Pope had
shown his great consideration for him, by
an intimation that, if he preferred it, he
should become Cardinal without coming
to Rome.

The first intimation of the Holy Father's
purpose which reached Dr. Newman him-
self came through the customary channel
of ecclesiastical communications, viz., by
a letter written officially and under
the formal bond of secrecy by the Car-
dinal Secretary to Cardinal Manning as
Archbishop of the Province, and by
him forwarded to Dr. Ullathorne, Bishop
"t Birmingham, at Oscott, that he might
ascertain from Dr. Newman how he
would be disposed to regard a possible
offer to raise him to the Sacred College.

* Later on it became known that Cardinal de Berulle,
when made Cardinal by Pope Urban VIII. in 1627, was
also a simple priest, but his creation did not really an-
ticipate that of Cardinal Newman as a precedent. De
Berulle was a Minister of State, he was the ambassador
who had successfully carried through the difficult negotia-
tions for peace between France and Spain ; he had,
moreover, been employed by his sovereign on delicate
and confidential missions to the Pope. Services such as
these gave him a claim, indeed, almost a customary right,
if he wished it, to be nominated by his own sovereign for
a seat in the Sacred College ; and it was at the prayer of
the King of France and of the Queen Mother that Urban
VIII. compelled him to accept it.



XVI

The Bishop asked Dr. Newman to come
to him ; but as both of them were at
that time ill, and at some distance
apart, Father Thomas Pope of the Ora-
tory became their intermediary, Dr. New-
man as yet not knowing what was really
to come. In this way, on Saturday, Feb-
ruary i, the communication was made
to him, and by February 2 he had made
his reply, for transmission to Rome* which
he himself took to Oscott the following day.
In this reply, while expressing his gratitude
and pleasure at being thought worthy of
this great dignity, nevertheless, with all
modesty and, it may be said, with gener-
osity of purpose, he suggested various
objections against himself personally for
so important a position, should the Holy
Father on reading the letter think fit to
entertain them. It was this letter which
gave rise to the untoward report, already
mentioned, of his refusal.

The first of the letters was from
Cardinal Manning to Cardinal Nina, the
Secretary of State. It was written with
the object of making known to the new
Pope the desire of many leading Catho-
lics that Dr. Newman's services to the
Church should receive a fitting acknow-
ledgment, and to suggest from himself
[the Cardinal] that that acknowledgment
should be Dr. Newman's elevation to the
Sacred College. But it so happened that

* [ See Appendix, p. 310, for the Latin letter to the
Bishop with Translation.]



XV11

this letter failed of its primary object ;
for owing to the bearer not going to Rome
direct, its delivery was delayed so long
that meantime the subject had been
brought before the Pope by the Duke of
Norfolk in private audience at the close
of the year 1878. As a testimony to Dr.
Newman's services and worth, the letter
could not perhaps have been more forcible ;
and eventually Cardinal Manning had the
satisfaction of knowing that it had been
favourably received.

In connection with the despatch of the
Cardinal Secretary's official letter [see
p. xxi], the Holy Father had, as will be
remembered, even more than suggested the
practicability of Dr. Newman receiving
the biretta in England, and thus becom-
ing Cardinal without the risk to his health
of the journey to Rome. But Dr. New-
man would not avail himself of this kind-
ness; he preferred to receive the biretta
from the hand of the Pope himself, lest
any other procedure might seem to dero-
gate from the spontaneity of the papal act.
At once therefore, when Holy Week and
Easter Day had passed, he left Birming-
ham for Rome.*

It is not to be wondered at that the
excitements of this time coming suddenly
upon Dr. Newman at his years, should
have overtaxed his strength and made

* [He was accompanied by Frs. William P. Neville,
Thomas A. Pope, and Thomas P. A. Eaglesim, of the
Birmingham Oratory.]

b



XV111

him liable to become the prey of any
epidemic disease. This was actually the
case, and it had been anticipated by him.
When he left England the country was
covered with deep snow, and notwith-
standing the time of year, snow and rain
accompanied him the whole journey to
Rome. He arrived there Thursday in Low
week [April 24], and remained until June
(4), renting a large flat looking upon the
Via Gregoriana and Via Sistina. He had
three audiences of the Pope, but being
more or less ill the whole of his stay in
Rome, each interview was under the disad-
vantage of illness.* The illness that de-
layed him on his way to Rome was a cold
which there developed into most serious

* Writing to acknowledge Bishop Ullathorne's letter
of welcome home, the Cardinal speaks of his stay in Italy
thus :

"THE ORATORY,
" BIRMINGHAM, July 3, 1879.
" MY DEAR LORD,

"... Only think, I was six weeks in Rome,
and aFowed to say Mass no more than three times did
not go into more than half a dozen churches, that is the
great Basilicas, and entered St. Peter's only once on St.
Philip's day, instead of going to the Chiesa Nuova, as the
Pope wished, I was confined to my room could not even
hear Mass on the Ascension and when I got to Leghorn,
instead of enjoying the fresh sea breezes and the beautiful
weather, was seized with two distinct complaints, and con-
fined to my bed or bedroom for a fortnight. I have been
wonderfully blessed with good medical advice all through
this trial, and have been brought home safely. . . .

" Your Lordship's affectionate friend and servant,
" JOHN H. CARD. NEWMAN."

[See Appendix, p. 312, for other disappointments,
narrated by Fr. Neville.]

See also Letters of Lord Blachford, edited by G. E.
Marindin, p. 407, re sojourn at Rome and Leghorn. John
Murray, London.



XIX

pneumonia; and hardly had he got the
better of this, and gone through the cere-
monies of his elevation, when malaria
came upon him with such violence that,
but for Dr. Louis Aitken, his physician,
who abandoned himself to the care of
him, it is not likely that he could have
borne up against it as he did. The climate
of Rome had never suited him, and that
year the weather was more than usually
bad. Pneumonia was an epidemic, carry-
ing off residents and strangers alike ;
among them Mr. William Palmer, whose
guest he was to have been during his
sojourn. Cold wind and rain were almost
continuous, and made a journey north-
wards too hazardous in the delicate state
of his lungs. But the summer months
had already begun, and there was fear
that the wet and cold might suddenly
give way to excessive heat, in which
case, considering his weakness, the only
hope for him, if any, would have been
his speedy removal to the Alban Hills. A
favourable change, however, enabled him,
after taking leave of the Pope, to go to
Leghorn ; but he at once fell ill again,
and so much worse than before that
his surviving one particular night can
be regarded only as a signal act of
God's Providence, which frustrated an
event of such tragic mournfulness as his
death would have been at that time and
place.* It had indeed been whispered

[* A friend, Mrs. Sconce, was of signal service to the
travellers during this anxious time of sickness.]



XX

"he is dying," when the Cardinal, slightly
rising, asked for quinine, naming an ex-
traordinarily large quantity, and he even
commanded it to be given to him. This
done, he ceased to become worse, and in
about a fortnight Dr. Aitken brought him
slowly home,*

WM. P. NEVILLE.

THE ORATORY, BIRMINGHAM,
August n, 1900.



[* Leaving Leghorn on Thursday, June 19, 1879, the
Cardinal passed the night at Genoa, and on Saturday
following assisted at Mass in the Church of the Oratory
at Turin. A week later, on Saturday, June 28, he had
arrived at Brighton (see p. 101).]



I.

Official Offer of the Cardinalate.
Cardinal Nina to Dr. Newman.
VERY REV. FATHER,

The Holy Father deeply ap-
preciating the genius and learning which
distinguish you, your piety, the zeal dis-
played by you in the exercise of the Holy
Ministry, your devotion and filial attach-
ment to the Holy Apostolic See, and the
signal services you have for long years
rendered to religion, has decided on giving
you a public and solemn proof of his
esteem and good-will. And to this end he
will deign to raise you to the honours
of the Sacred Purple, in the next Con-
sistory, the precise day of which will be
notified to you in due time.

In forwarding you this joyful announce-
ment by its fitting and prescribed channel,
I cannot refrain from congratulating your
Paternity on seeing your merits rewarded
in so splendid a manner by the august
Head of the Church, and I rejoice in
heart that I shall very soon have you as
a colleague in the Sacred Senate, of which
you will not fail to be one of the chief
ornaments.

Accept, I entreat you, this expression
of my regard, and at the same time the
assurance of the particular esteem with
which I sign myself,

Of your Very Rev. Paternity,
The true servant,

L. CARD. NINA.

From the Vatican, March 15, 1879.



XXII

II.

Dr. Newman to Cardinal Nina.

MY LORD CARDINAL,

Were I to delay my answer to the
very generous communication your Eminence
deigned to make to me on the part of his
Holiness, until I could write what seems to
be befitting and adequate to express all the
feeling of my heart, I fear that I should
never write at all. For the longer I think
of it, the more generous and gracious the con-
descension of the Holy Father seems to me,
and the more deeply I feel that I am al-
together unworthy of it.

I am overpowered, first of all, by the
weight of the high dignity to which the Holy
Father condescends to raise me, and still more
by the words he has used to announce to me
his intention, words breathing a goodness so
fatherly, and implying an approval the more
touching and precious that it is the Vicar of
Christ who awards it.

I venture to hope that the Holy Father
will allow me, as soon as the weather be-
comes milder, and the journey less toilsome,
to present myself before his sacred person,
that I may try to tell him how deeply I feel
his immense goodness, and may receive his
apostolic blessing.

I cannot close this letter, my Lord Car-
dinal, without begging you to accept the
homage of my profound respect and my deep-
felt gratitude for the kind courtesy with which
you have condescended to discharge the com-
mission of his Holiness.

I have the honour to kiss the Sacred
Purple and to be

Your Eminence's most humble and
devoted servant,

JOHN H. NEWMAN.



XX111

III.

Dr. Newman to Pope Leo XIII.

HOLY FATHER,

It is not that I have been unmind-
ful of the most welcome letter with which
your Holiness has so honoured me, but for
the last two months I have been tossing
about in a whirlpool of correspondence, and
have not, indeed, yet reached the shore. So
I venture humbly to ask you to pardon my


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