John Henry Newman.

Addresses to Cardinal Newman with his replies, etc., 1879-81 online

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Secretary. Blackburn (St. Mary's). William Worden,
President ; Rev. H. Hu. Schuergers, Vice-President ;
John McQuaid, Secretary. Birmingham (St. Cathe-
rine's). Rev. James Hughes, President; T. W. T. Bull,
Vice-President ; P. Tierney, Secretary. Birmingham (St.
Michael's). Bernard Delany, President ; John Lough-
ton, Vice-President ; Thomas Newey, Secretary. Bir-
mingham (St. Peter's). Joseph Brittain, President;
James Ford, Vice-President; John Maley, Secretary.
Cardiff (St. Peter's). P. W. Gaffney, President; Thomas
Collins, Vice-President; Eugene McCarthy, Secretary.
Chester (St. Francis'). John A. Hanley, President; John
V. Gahan, Vice-President; Thomas Rafferty, Secretary.


Cleator Moor (St. Bega's). Patrick Dunn, President;
Peter Jolly, Vice-President ; John Kavanagh, Secretary.
Coventry (St. Osburg's). James J. Sanders, President ;
Philip Cox, Vice-President ; John A. Kearns, Secretary.
Dumbarton (St. Patrick's). Rev. Charles Brown, Presi-
dent ; Daniel McBride, Vice-President ; Peter Logue,
Secretary. Dumfries and Maxwelton (St. Joseph's).
James Garment, President; P. Hanlon, Vice-President;
Thomas King, Secretary. Liverpool (St. Anthony's).
Peter Rothwell, President; D. Grattan, Vice-President;
John Birchall, Secretary. Liverpool (St. Augustine's).
William Payne, President ; John Keating, Vice-Presi-
dent; John Shea, Secretary. Liverpool (St. Mary's).
Michael Fitzpatrick, President ; Francis Barker, Vice-
President ; Robert Morton, Secretary. Liverpool (St.
Nicholas'). J. McLaughlin, President; James Cum-
mings, Vice-President; Henry M. Latham, Secretary.
Liverpool (Our Lady of Reconciliation). D. Finnemore,
President ; P. Hennessy, Vice-President ; James Wade,
Secretary. Liverpool (St. Patrick's). Peter A. Traynor,
President; John Henry, Vice-President; Joseph Traynor,
Secretary. Liverpool (St. Sylvester's). John S. Clarke,
President; James Doyle, Vice-President; James Daly,
Secretary. Dundee (St. Patrick's). E. McGovern, Presi-
dent ; P. McDaniel, Vice-President ; F. Magee, Secre-
tary. Edinburgh (St. Patrick's). John Adair, President;
Francis A. Mclver and James Sorden, Vice-Presidents;
Daniel Donworth, Secretary. Garston (St. Austin's).
Nicholas J. Walsh, President; James Hurst, Vice-Presi-
dent; Patrick Mulholland, Secretary. Gourock. James
Hargan, President ; Patrick M. Loughlin, Vice-Presi-
dent ; Neil Doherty, Secretary. Great Crosby. Very
Rev. Canon Wallwork, President; G. Crank, Vice-
President; James Mackarell, Secretary. Greenock (St.
Laurence's). Charles Sharp, President ; Bernard Duffy,
Vice-President; Rev. Alexander Bisset, Secretary.
Greenock (St. Mary's). Rev. Alexander Taylor, Presi-
dent ; Benjamin Donnelly, Vice-President ; John
Murphy, Secretary. Hindley (St. Benedict's). Michael
J. Ryan, President; Peter Hilton, Vice-President; Jesse
Parkinson, Secretary. Ince (St. William's). John Hol-
land, President ; Francis McAllevey, Vice-President ;
Daniel Cassidy, Secretary. Johnstone (St. Margaret's).
James McGrath, President; W. McGranaghan, Vice-
President ; Thomas Daly, Secretary. Kilmarnock (St.
Joseph's). James McMurray, President; William Cal-
lachan, Vice-President ; Edward McGarvy, Secretary.
Liscard (St. Albans 1 ). John Murphy, President ; John
O'Connor, Vice-President; Thomas Monaghan, Secre-
tary. Liverpool (St. Albans'). Philip Smith, President ;

i6o 4

Charles Byrne, Vice-President ; Francis Manning, Secre-
tary. Liverpool (All Souls'). John Gould, President ;
Bryan Shannon, Vice-President ; Patrick Kelly, Secre-
tary. London (The English Martyrs, Tower* Hill).
Stuart Knill, President; William Roadhouse, Vice-Presi-
dent ; B. Forde, Secretary. Newton -le-Willows (St.
Mary's). John Unsworth, President; Thomas Kenny,
Vice-President; Bernard Dolan, Secretary. Northamp-
ton (Our Lady Immaculate). George Robbins, Presi-
dent ; Bartholomew Finn, Vice-President ; Charles
Stokes, Secretary. Ormskirk (St. Anne's). Patrick
Melia, President ; Henry Connolly, Vice-President ;
James Kelly, Secretary. Sheffield (St. Vincent's). John
Allen, President; Daniel O'Neil, Vice-President; John
J. Hourigan, Secretary. Shrewsbury (Our Lady of Help
and St. Peter of Alcantara's). William Smart, Presi-
dent ; William Measey, Vice-President ; William L.
Booth, Secretary. Stockport (St. Joseph's). Rev. James
Robinson, President ; Edward North, Vice-President ;
Patrick Scott, Secretary. Wakefield (St. Austin's).
John Clinton, President; Sylvester Welch, Vice-Presi-
dent ; Peter Devine, Secretary. West Derby (St.
Oswald's, Old Swan). Joseph W. Brown, President;
Joseph McGrath, Vice-President; Michael Fogarty,
Secretary. Whitehaven (St. Bega's). James Rooney,
President; Thomas Kearney, Vice-President; Thomas
Ryan, Secretary. Wigan (St. Joseph's). Patrick Dolan,
President; Joseph Ballard, Vice-President; Patrick Caw-
ley, Secretary. Wigan (St. Mary's). John Hargreaves,
President ; Dennis McCurdy, Vice-President ; John Pil-
ling, Secretary. Wigan (St. Patrick's). Martin Maloney,
President; William Tickle, Vice-President; William
Paisley, Secretary. Woolton (St. Mary's). Henry Ry-
croft, President ; Michael Shanley, Vice-President ; Pat-
rick Hannon, Secretary.

From the Members of the Catholic Total
Abstinence League of the Cross.

On Saturday afternoon, August 9, a depu-
tation, representing the Roman Catholic Total
Abstinence League of the Cross, waited upon
Cardinal Newman, at the Oratory, Edg-
baston. The deputation, consisting of Mr.
J. J. Fitzpatrick and Councillor McArdle, of
Liverpool, and some others, were bearers of

an illuminated Address to the Cardinal, which
was read and presented by Mr. J. J. Fitz-

The Address.


We, the Members of the Catholic
Total Abstinence League of the Cross, beg
to tender you our sincerest congratulations
upon the occasion of your elevation by our
Holy Father Leo XIII. to the high dignity
of a Prince of the Church.

It is with diffidence that we presume
to address your Eminence, but we wish
to embrace this opportunity to give ex-
pression to the affection and veneration
with which we regard you.

We rejoice to know that one who has
shed such lustre upon the sacred office of
the priesthood, and who has laboured so
zealously and unostentatiously to spread
the light of our holy religion throughout
the land should receive the high distinc-
tion of being raised to that exalted posi-
tion of which you have proved yourself
so worthy.

We look upon you as a distinguished
champion of the faith, and we earnestly
pray that you may long be spared to fulfil
the important duties of your new dignity.

We ask your Eminence's blessing for
ourselves and our association.

Signed on behalf of the members of
the Catholic Total Abstinence League of
the Cross, Liverpool, June 6, 1879,


1 62

To the Members of the Catholic Total
Abstinence League of the Cross.

I wish I could make you a fit reply
to your Address, which is so very kind
to me. Your own consideration in
not coming to me in greater numbers,
of course, has deprived me of a great
pleasure, but at the same time I do
not deny that it was needed for me.
I am not so strong as I ought to be.
If I were I could hope to express in
better terms than I shall be able to do
my feelings for so very kind and so
great a compliment ; for a great com-
pliment it is. I look upon you as a
remarkable body in its spirit almost
a Religious body for you have upon
you a certain Religious character from
the special obligation under which the
members of your association lie. We
all know in its beginning what a
great blessing attended your Founder,
Father Mathew, as we believe, from
above ; and how great a name and re-
putation, considered only in a secular
point of view, attaches to your Society.
It began with the sanction of Holy
Church, in consequence of the extra-
ordinary zeal of one who was without
any powers of this world to aid him
making his way by the earnestness of

his purpose and the force of truth.
We know what great results followed
from his exertions, and as it was at
the beginning so it has gone on.
Your League in Liverpool has at-
tracted the reverence even of those
who are not Catholics from the charit-
able purpose in which it originated,
and from the number of its members
who, in a spirit of self- sacrifice, have
joined it in order to encourage others
who required a restraint which was
not needed for themselves. Besides
that, it is so singularly contrasted
with the secular schemes and institu
tions with the same object which are
external to the Church. Moreover, it
is specially recommended to myself
from the circumstance of the excellent
priest who is, I believe, at the head
of your association in Liverpool. I
saw much of him years ago, and I
know what a devoted servant of God
he is, and how he has laid himself
out for great works and has done
great things. At the time I knew
him he was employed in Hope Street
in such good works towards young
men as characterise our own Oratory,
and he was kind enough to receive
me and to pay me the great compli-
ment of asking me to deliver certain


lectures in his Institute. Since that
time I have not been in the way of
seeing or hearing much of him ; but
I know, as I have already said, how
zealously he has worked all along.
He is one of those priests one of
those many priests whom one looks
up to with great admiration, and I
hope you will carry back my thanks,
not only to your whole body, but es-
pecially to him, for the great honour
which he has done me on this oc-
casion. I do not know what more I
have to say ; I wish I could say more
to show you the heartfelt satisfaction
and gratification I feel at this Address,
and, not in the least measure, for the
trouble which you yourselves, gentle-
men, have taken in bringing it to me
in person.

The deputation afterwards dined with the

Address from the Catholics belonging
to the Oratory Mission.

On Sunday afternoon, August 10, some 200
members of the congregation of the Church of
the Oratory of St. Philip Neri, Edgbaston,
presented Cardinal Newman with an Address
of Congratulation on his elevation to the Car-
dinalate. His Eminence, who was accom-
panied by the Fathers of the Oratory, re-

i6 S

ceived the members of his flock in the school
dining-room. The Address, which was signed
by between noo and 1200 persons, was very
beautifully illuminated, and the title page
bore an exceedingly chaste mediaeval design,
composed of the hats and mottoes of the
seven members of the Oratory who have
been made Cardinals, and St. Philip Neri in
the centre.


Whilst the announcement of
the intention of the Sovereign Pontiff to
confer upon you the high dignity of the
Cardinalate has caused universal rejoicing,
and addresses of congratulations are being
presented to you from all parts, we, the
members of the congregation of the
Church of the Oratory, who have had the
especial privilege of living near you, and
of seeing and hearing you almost daily,
feel that we should not remain silent.

Not that we fear you would doubt our
sharing in the general joy, but that we
wish to take advantage of so fitting a
time to express in this formal manner our
respectful and grateful affection towards
yourself as the " Father of the Oratory ".

Leaving others to speak of your valiant
championship of the Faith, your labours
for Christian Education, your writings in
poetry and prose, we come to you simply
as spiritual children of Saint Philip to
his representative, with our offerings of
heartfelt congratulation, that (despite your
sensitive shrinking from praise or distinc-

1 66

tion) the Holy Father has thus graciously
crowned your long fight for truth with
additional honour.

Praying God to grant that we may
listen to your voice yet many years,
Your devoted children of the Oratorian
Church, Edgbaston, Birmingham.
Easter,* A.D. 1879.

To the Catholics belonging to the
Oratory Mission.

August 10, 1879.

You are quite right, my dear
children, in saying that no words
of yours were necessary to make
me quite sure of the affectionate
satisfaction you have felt from the
first, from last Lent, on hearing of
the great honour which the Holy
Father has condescended to confer
upon me. Yet, in spite of being
certain of this, it is very pleasant to
me to hear this declared in my ears
and before my face in the warm
language of the Address of Congratula-
tion which you have now presented to
me. There is only one drawback to
my gratification, and that is my con-
sciousness that I am not quite deserv-
ing of that full praise which your

* The Address was in course of signature before the
Cardinal went to Rome.


kind hearts are so ready to give me.
Such praise from his people is the
best earthly reward which a parish
priest can receive, and as far as I
have a claim to it I gladly and thank-
fully accept it from you. But a good
part of it is far more due to others
than to me, as I know well, and ever
bear in mind. Not as if I thought
for a moment that you any more than
I forgot to honour with your truest
regard and observance in your most
affectionate memory those good fathers,
the living and the dead, who during
my time here have acted for and in-
stead of me towards you, in bearing
" the burden of the day and the
heats," in tending the sick, minister-
ing to the poor, teaching the children,
and serving all classes in our mission ;
but I feel, though you have never
given to them less than their due,
that you give me, on the other hand,
more than mine ; and that though they
do not lose, still I have been a great
gainer by that reflection of their light,
by that abundance of their good works
which was not mine at all. However,
it is so pleasant to me to receive your
acknowledgments that I shall not make
any great effort to disclaim them.
This for past years. As to the time


to come, though I cannot know how
much of life and strength remains in
me, I am glad to say that, be it more
or less, the Holy Father, in his loving
consideration for you and for me, ex-
pressed to me in my first audience
his wish that I should not separate
myself from my old duties and re-
sponsibilities here in consequence of
my promotion to the Sacred College,
and thus it is a great consolation to
me to know, as far as we can know
the future, that I shall be here just as
I was to the end, and shall die as I
have lived the Father of the Oratory
and the priest and pastor of the Ora-
tory Mission. May God bless us and
guide us, defend and protect all of us,
now and henceforth unto the end.


Yesterday, August 15, the Feast of the
Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary, five
Addresses were presented to Cardinal New-
man congratulating him on his elevation to
the Sacred College. The presentations were
made in the School Refectory of the Ora-
tory, where, amongst the persons present,
most of Whom had come to Birmingham for
he purpose, were :


The Duke of Norfolk, the Marquis of Ripon, Lord
O'Hagan, Captain Lord Walter Kerr, Sir Rowland
Blennerhasset, Sir Charles Clifford, General Patterson,
Major Gape, Monsignor Clarke (Clifton), Canons
Chapman (Birkenhead), Tasker, McKenna, Johnson
(Nottingham), Longman; Messrs. Basil Fitzherbert,
Allies, W. S. Lilly, E. Lucas, Mr. Casworth (Mayor
of Louth), A. Feeney, Clifford, etc., etc.

The first of the Addresses was read and
presented by the Duke of Norfolk.


From the Catholics of England, Ire-
land, and Scotland.


We, the Catholics of Eng-
land, Ireland, and Scotland, who may
claim also to represent those of the
whole British Empire, unite in offering to
you this tribute of our affection and our
respect upon your elevation to the rank
of Cardinal by the voice of our common
Father, Leo XIII. We salute you as
henceforth a chosen Counsellor of our
Mother, the Holy Roman Church. Bear
with us if we attempt to enumerate some
special reasons in the past course of your
life for which the Holy Father may have
thought fit to set upon it this seal of his

In the first portion of your life, reach-
ing to full middle age, we find you the
chief thinker and the great writer of a
movement in the bosom of the Anglican
Church which has led to momentous re-
sults. In a series of sermons, tracts, and

controversial works, you did all that
genius armed with learning and dialectic
skill could do, to defend the religious
community in which you had been nur-
tured. Compelled by the inward progress
of conviction to surrender that defence,
you had attained at the moment of your
conversion to the Catholic faith a posi-
tion as a Preacher, a Writer, and a Con-
troversialist, and you wielded a personal
influence over the minds of men, such as,
in the opinion of your countrymen, had
never been reached by any minister of
any rank in the Established Church dur-
ing the three centuries of its existence.
The effect of twelve years of unexampled
work as its defender, terminated by your
conversion, was to impress upon thinking
minds, even though they did not follow
you in your submission to the Catholic
Church, the conviction that the system
which you had left could never again be
defended upon the principle of authority.
It was a great example, the force of
which all felt could never be exceeded.
It needed the united gifts of nature and
grace, matured in a life of piety, to
bridge the chasm of ignorance, of calum-
ny, and of antipathy, which then divided
Englishmen from the Church, and in you
the work was done by the Providence of

A generation has now passed since
that event without diminishing its effect.
To the large number of writings produced

before your conversion you have added
proofs of incomparable ability in defence
of the position of Catholics in this coun-
try and in the world, in removal of
difficulties impeding submission to the
Church, in illustration of the Idea and
Work of a Catholic university, in exhibit-
ing the true development of Christian
doctrine as contrasted with its corruption,
in maintaining the foundation of certitude
and setting forth true principles of phil-
osophy, in historical treatises showing a
vast power of philosophical induction, in
sermons, and in many other writings.
Even the poet's glory is not wanting, for
in a single drama you have expressed the
condition of departed spirits, in language
which unites the depths of Catholic
tenderness with the severest accuracy of
doctrine, upon a subject singularly dark-
ened by misapprehensions in the minds of
our countrymen.

Thus it has happened that, after being
invested by the Holy Father, Pius IX.
of glorious memory, with the charge of
introducing into our country the rule and
institute of St. Philip, when at the call
of the same Holy Pontiff you had given
seven years to found the great work of
a Catholic university in a land renowned
of old for the thirst of its children after
knowledge, the piety of its teachers and
the science of its saints, while with-
drawn again from public gaze in the
interior life of a religious house, from


the bosom of which you directed a prac-
tical example of the higher education,
your influence has been felt over the
whole mind of clergy and laity. And
further, though we may not penetrate the
veil which covers the secret recesses of
conscience, we cannot be ignorant that
during this whole generation those who
have been perplexed in their efforts to
escape from the meshes of heresy and
schism have largely recurred to you for
the solution of their difficulties. It may
never be disclosed to the world to how
many minds, whether by word of mouth
or by correspondence, you have been a
guide and support, enabling them to reach
the haven of safety. The favourite
charges of ignorance and deception fell
to the ground before one whose career
had shown a choice proof of human
knowledge, and a choice example of self-
sacrifice. You have indeed lain hid so
far as you could, but you have been
counted upon by all as a force in reserve
upon which in any moment of danger
they could draw for the most temperate
and therefore the ablest defence of the
Catholic cause.

That cause embraces two chief regions,
that of Christian doctrine and practice
properly so called, and that of Christian
life in its relation to the natural duties of
the citizen. To illustrate the first you
have called in the power of a Theologian,
Philosopher, Historian, Preacher, and


Poet, throwing over your work in every
domain the light of genius, to glorify that
Sacred Mother of all living into whose
bosom in the maturity of human judg-
ment you had fled for refuge. It has
been your prime effort to communicate to
others the blessing you had received
yourself, leading them to acknowledge the
maternity of the Church of God by the
greatest deference, the most gentle sub-
mission, a spontaneous tenderness of
loyalty to the spiritual authority in your
own conduct, which has been the mark
of your life, and by virtue of which
intellect has found its fullest force in

With regard to the position of Catho-
lics as members of the great spiritual
kingdom in reference to the temporal
State in which they may be cast, it is
fresh in our remembrance that when the
decree of the Vatican Council defining
the Infallibility of the Supreme Pontiff
was called in question, and an attack
upon the loyalty of Catholics to their
Sovereign grounded upon that decree,
you responded to a general call that you
should take up our defence, and in a
short treatise, grasping all the bearings of
a delicate and complex subject, you satis-
fied the utmost demand of an over-excited
public opinion ; you even turned it in our
favour ; you spoke, and the impeachment
of our loyalty fell to the ground, and we
stood acquitted and justified.


In congratulating ourselves upon the
dignity which the Sovereign Pontiff has
now bestowed upon you, we gather to-
gether these five characters of your long
and eventful life, rejoicing that its last
period, which we pray may be for many
years, will be spent in special ministry to
the Chair of Peter, beside which Doctor-
ship has ever found its security, Piety
its support, Genius its crown, and Charity
its reward.

NORFOLK, E. M., Chairman.
Hon. Sees, of the Presentation Fund

To the Catholics of England, Scotland,
and Ireland.


Next to my promotion by
the wonderful .condescension of the
Holy Father to a seat in the Sacred
College, I cannot receive a greater
honour, than, on occasion of it, to be
congratulated, as I now have been, by
Gentlemen, who are not only of the
highest social and personal impor-
tance, viewed in themselves, but who
come to me as in some sort repre-
sentatives of the Catholics of these


Islands, nay of the wide British

Nor do you merely come to me on
occasion of my elevation, but with the
purpose, or at least with the effect, of
co-operating with his Holiness in his
act of grace towards me, and of mak-
ing it less out of keeping, in the im-
agination of the outer world, with the
course and circumstances of my life
hitherto, and the associations atten-
dant upon it. In this respect I con-
ceive your Address to have a meaning
and an impressiveness of its own, dis-
tinct from those other congratulations,
more private, most touching and most
welcome that have been made to me,
and it is thus that I explain to my-
self the strength of your language
about me, as it occurs in the course
of it. For, used though it be in per-
fect sincerity and simple affection, I
never will believe that such a glowing
panegyric as you have bestowed upon
me was written for my sake only, and
not rather intended as an expression
of the mind of English-speaking Ca-
tholics for the benefit of those multi-
tudes who are not Catholics, and as a
support thereby to me in my new dig-
nity which is as really necessary for
me, though in a different way, as those

contributions of material help with
which also you are so liberally sup-
plying me.

I accept then your word and your
deed as acts of loyalty and devotion to
the Holy Father himself, and I return
you thanks in, I may say, his name,
both for your munificence and for
your eloquent praise of me.

This your double gift, for so I must

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