John Henry Newman.

Addresses to Cardinal Newman with his replies, etc., 1879-81 online

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consider it, I conceive to be an offer-
ing from you to the Sovereign Pontiff,
to the Holy Roman Church, to the
Sacred College, and lastly to the Car-
dinal Deacon of the Title of St.
George ; but still I should have very
little heart, unless I also viewed it as
a kindness personal to myself. Yes,
of course it is personal, for the very
reason that it is intended to enable
me to be something more than what
I am in my own person. A certain
temporal status, a certain wide repute
are necessary, or at least desirable,
for the fulfilment of the duties to
which in the sight of the Holy Father
I have pledged myself. Among the
obligations of a Cardinal I am pledg-
ed never to let my high dignity suffer
in the eyes of men by fault of mine,
never to forget what I have been
made and whom I represent ; and, if



177

there is a man who more required the
support of others in satisfying duties
for which he was not born, and in
making himself more than himself,
surely it is I.

The Holy Father, the Hierarchy,
the whole of Catholic Christendom
form, not only a spiritual, but a vis-
ible body ; and as being a visible,
they are necessarily a political body.
They become, and cannot but be-
come, a temporal polity, and that
temporal aspect of the Church is
brought out most prominently and
impressively, and claims and com-
mands the attention of the world
most forcibly, in the Pope and his
Court, in his Basilicas, Palaces, and
other Establishments at Rome. It is
an aspect rich in pomp and circum-
stance, in solemn ceremony, and in
observances sacred from an antiquity
beyond memory. He himself can
only be in one place, but his Car-
dinals, so far as he does not re-
quire their presence around him, re-
present him in all parts of the civi-
lised world, and carry with them great
historical associations, and are a living
memento of the Church's unity, such
as has no parallel in any other polity.

They are the Princes of an Ecumeni-
12



cal Empire. The great prophecies in
behalf of the Church are in them strik-
ingly fulfilled, that " the Lord's House
should be exalted above all the hills,"
and that " Instead of thy fathers sons
are born to thee, whom thou shalt
make princes over all the earth ". I
am not speaking of temporal do-
minion, but of temporal pre-eminence
and authority, of a moral and social
power, of a visible grandeur, which
even those who do not acknowledge
it, feel and bow before.

You, my dear Friends, have under-
stood this ; you have understood,
better than I, what a Cardinal ought
to be, and what I am not, my great-
ness of position and my wants.
You, instead of me and for me have
(in St. Paul's words) " glorified my
office ". You are enabling me to bear
a noble burden nobly. I trust I never
may disappoint you or forfeit your
sympathy, but, as long as life lasts,
may be faithful to the new duties
which, by a surprising disposition of
Providence, have been suddenly al-
lotted to me.

JOHN HENRY CARDINAL NEWMAN.

The Assumption, 1879.

The Cardinal having concluded his reply
Lord O'Hagan said: "I venture to address



179

one word to your Eminence in relation to the
Catholics of Ireland. They will re-echo with
full cordiality the praise and homage which
has been offered to you in an Address worthily
representing multitudes of the Catholics of the
three kingdoms. But they have special rela-
tions to your Eminence. They remember
with pride the long years of your sojourn
amongst them. They have enduring gratitude
for the great benefits you have conferred upon
their country, and will desire, when your
Eminence grants them the opportunity, to
testify, substantively and for themselves, the
admiration, reverence, and affection, in which
they hold you." Cardinal Newman said : ** I
can only trust to you, my lord, and to those
whom you represent, that you will make up
for my deficiencies, and supply the expressions
of gratitude and of those deep feelings which
your Address to me has inspired ". (See pp. 201,
232 252.)

II.

From the Catholic Poor School Com-
mittee.

(Rcmi and Prcsi-iitcd by tlic Marquis of Ripon
as Chairman of the Committee.)

MAY IT PLEASE YOUR EMINENCE,

The Catholic Poor School Com-
mittee of Great Britain desires with one
voice to express its joy at your elevation
to the dignity of Cardinal, and at the
same time to render public thanks to His
Holiness Leo XIII. for the honour which
by this choice he has conferred not only
upon the Catholics of the Empire, but, as
it may with confidence say, upon the na-
tion itself. So many-sided has been the



i8o

intellectual energy of your life, and in so
many directions has its moral force per-
vaded the minds of men, that we shrink
from the attempt to describe it, and
would rather seek to discern that which
has made it a consistent whole as well
as a uniform advance from the beginning.
We seem to see that, rilled from the first
with the sense of that most close and
tender relation in which the Creator and
the soul that He has created stand to
each other, you felt a passionate love of
God, and the desire to devote every
faculty and act to His glory and the fur-
therance of His kingdom upon earth.
Thus the thirst for truth and the aspira-
tion of piety sprang up together and
strengthened each other, and no suffering
deterred you from their crowning act of
submission to the Catholic Church by
entrance into her communion. In such a
course may we not see a connection, at
least, with the purpose for which our
Committee exists ? It was founded to
unite clergy and laity in the work of
educating the mass of the people so that
religious and secular knowledge and prac-
tice might be joined together in the nur-
ture of the child. Thus it may be said
to represent in the lowest part of the
social scale that of which your life has
been the typical example in the highest,
the union of Reason with Faith, of
Knowledge with Religion, of Genius with
Piety. You dedicated seven years of your



life to carry out in Ireland a great de-
sign of the Holy See, the blending the
profession of the true faith with the acqui-
sition of all human science and culture ;
and as a result you have embodied in
enduring works the Idea of a Catholic
University. You have given thrice as
many years in England, both time and
thought without grudge, to the formation
of a School which should cause the best
tradition of English life to flourish upon
the rich soil of the faith. For this end
you made it a home in St. Philip's own
house, taking it, so to say, into your
heart. It is the aim of this Committee
to do for the labouring classes, so far as
the necessity of that labour allows, what
in these two great instances you sought
to accomplish for those who, having by
the gift of Providence leisure to acquire
learning, ought to expend both for the
good of others. Permit, then, the Com-
mittee to select out of the many works
of your life this one of Education, and
on this ground especially to delight in
the honour with which the Holy See in
whose mission to the world is included
the union of Christian faith with human
knowledge has thought fit to crown a
life from its beginning instinct with the
desire to spread the kingdom of God
among men, illumined throughout by the
gift of genius, above all made fruitful by

sacrifice.

RIPON, Chairman.

THOS. WM. ALLIES, Secretary.



1 82

To the Members of the Catholic Poor
School Committee.

MY DEAR FRIEN-DS,

In returning to you my
warmest and most hearty thanks for
an Address conceived in the lan-
guage of personal friendship rather
than a formal tender of Congratula-
tions on my recent elevation, I must
express my especial pleasure on find-
ing that the main view of my life,
which you select for notice, is just
that which I should wish you to fix
upon, and should wish it for the
same reason as has actuated you in
selecting it, namely, because it brings
you and myself together as associates
in a common cause the cause of
Catholic Education.

To be honest, I do not deny that
I could have wished you, in some
things which you have said of me, to
have less indulged your affectionate
regard for me (I must venture on this
phrase), and to have been more
measured in language, which cannot
indeed pain me, because it is so genu-
ine and earnest ; but I prefer to dwell
on that portion of your Address which
leads me to feel the pride and joy of
fellowship with you in a great work,



and lets me with a safe conscience
allow you to s'peak well of me ; nay,
to allow myself even to open my
own mind and, indirectly heighten
your praise of me.

It is indeed a satisfaction to me to
believe, that in my time, with what-
ever shortcomings, I have done some-
thing for the great work of Educa-
tion ; and it is a second satisfaction,
that, whereas the cause of Education
has so long ago brought you into one
body, you, whose interest in it is sure
to have kept your eyes open to its
fortunes, are able, after all disappoint-
ments, to pronounce, at the end of
many years, that my endeavours have,
in your judgment, had their measure
of success.

The Committee for the Poor
Schools has existed now for thirty-
two years, and two-thirds of its mem-
bers are laymen. I too, long before
I was a Catholic Priest, set myself to
the work of making, as the School, so
also the Lecture-room," Christian ; and
that work engages me still. I have
ever joined together faith and know-
ledge, and considered engagements in
educational work a special pastoral
office. Thus, without knowing you,
and without your religious advantages,



1 84

I have, in spirit and in fact, ever as-
sociated myself with you.

When I was Public Tutor of my
College at Oxford, I maintained, even
fiercely, that my employment was dis-
tinctly pastoral. I considered that, by
the Statutes of the University, a
Tutor's profession was of a religious
nature. I never would allow that, in
teaching the classics, I was absolved
from carrying on, by means of them,
in the minds of my pupils, an ethical
training. I considered a College
Tutor to have the care of souls, and
before I accepted the office I wrote
down a private memorandum, that,
supposing I could not carry out this
view of it, the question would arise
whether I could continue to hold it.

To this principle I have been faith-
ful through my life. It has been my
defence to myself, since my Ordina-
tion to the Priesthood, for not having
given myself to direct parochial duties,
and for having allowed myself in a
wide range of secular reading and
thought, and of literary work. And,
now, at the end of my time, it is a
consolation to me to be able to hope,
if I dare rely upon results, that I
have not been mistaken. I trust that
I may, without presumption or arro-



i8 5

gance, accept this surprising act of
the Sovereign Pontiff towards me, and
the general gratification which has
followed upon it, as a favour given
me from above.

His Holiness, when he first told me
what was in prospect for me, sent me
word that he meant this honour to be
" a public and solemn testimony " of
his approbation ; also that he gave it
in order to give pleasure to Catholics
and to my countrymen. Is not this
a recognition of my past life almost
too great for a man, and suggesting
to him the " Nunc Dimittis " of the
aged saint ? Only do you pray for
me, my dear Friends, that, by having
a reward here, I may not lose the
better one hereafter.

JOHN H. CARDINAL NEWMAN.

The Assumption, 1879.

III.

From the Academia of. the Catholic
Religion.

(Read and Presented by Mr. Edward Lucas.)

MAY IT PLEASE YOUR EMINENCE,

The Academia of the Catholic
Religion had the honour to count you
amongst its earliest members. It hails
with profound gratitude to his Holiness



1 86

Leo XIII. your exaltation to the rank of
Cardinal of the Holy Roman Church. The
gifts of a Theologian, a Philosopher,
an Historian, a Preacher, and a Poet,
shed upon a single life a lustre seldom
equalled : but it has been your merit to
exert these varied gifts in the noblest of
causes. The powers which, when be-
stowed singly, others have so often mis-
spent in the propagation of error, you have
used collectively, first in the pursuit and
then in the companionship of truth. It
was indeed given to you in the earlier half
of your life to stir the heart and mind of a
great people in a degree which is the lot
of few in any age : in the later and happier
period of it he who was already an un-
rivalled Master of English language and
Leader of English thought became like-
wise an unsurpassed Exponent of Catholic
doctrine, a victorious Defender of Catholic
loyalty. Then these most precious gifts of
intellect, the preacher's knowledge of the
heart, the historian's knowledge of the
race, the insight of proportion and cohe-
sion in doctrines, whether natural or re-
vealed, a power of illustration which
arrayed sacred truth in the fairest garb,
a style the mirror of exact and lucid
thought, were seen to be but the outward
ornaments of a life hallowed by sacrifice.
That Loss and Gain at the central point
of your course added ten-fold weight to the
natural vigour of thought, and wisdom
matured by suffering was the most elo-



1 8 7

quent of teachers. You went to the centre
of Christendom to Peter, from whom its
unity springs and, as a true son of St.
Philip, brought back with his habit a
filial love of Rome, and caught by inheri-
tance from that Father the secret of her
Catacombs and the glory of her Basilicas.
Such an one is fitted to be a Counsellor
equally of the suffering as of the conquer-
ing Church. Therefore we do heartfelt
homage to the choice of a great Pontiff,
who, in exerting his own judgment, has
divined our desire : and we pray that you,
who are elected to be a Member of the
Church's Sacred Senate at a time full of
danger and difficulty, may for many years
be preserved to dedicate to the special ser-
vice of the Holy See the experience of a
great and long life rich in labours and suf-
ferings, a life which seems to culminate in
its beauty and radiance as it advances to
its rest and its reward.

HENRY EDWARD, Card. Archbishop of
Westminster, President.

EDWARD LUCAS, Secretary.



To the Academia of the Catholic Reli-
gion.

I offer my best thanks to
the members of the Academia for the
honour and the kindness they have
done me by the Address which has
now been presented to me, and for



i88

the warmth of the language with
which their Congratulations have been
expressed.

Also I feel much gratified by their
high estimate of the value of what I
have written, of its literary merits,
and of the service it has been to the
interests of Religion.

Such praise comes with especial
force and effect from the Members of
an Academia ; for such a body, what-
ever be its particular scope and sub-
ject-matter, still is ever, I conceive,
in name and in office, a literary, or
at least an intellectual, body ; and
therefore I naturally feel it as a high
compliment to me, that my various
writings should receive the approba-
tion of men whose very function, as
belonging to it, is to be critical.

However, I do not, I must not, for-
get, that whatever presents itself for
critical examination admits of being
regarded under distinct, nay, contrary
aspects ; and, while I welcome your
account of me as expressive of your
good-will and true respect for me,
which claims my best acknowledg-
ments, I shrink from taking it as
representative of the judgment of the
world about me, or of its intellectual
circles either ; and for this plain



i8 9

reason, because even I myself, who
am not likely to be unjust to myself,
have ever seen myself in colours less
favourable to my self-love, to my
powers and to my works, than those
in which you have arrayed me ; and
hence I cannot allow myself to bask
pleasantly in the sunshine of your
praises, lest I lose something of that
sobriety and balance of mind, which
it is a first duty jealously to maintain.

In fact, the point which you are
so good as to insist upon, as if in
my favour, has always been a sore
point with me, and has suggested un-
comfortable thoughts. A man must
be very much out of the common to
deserve the five great names with
which you honour me ; and for my-
self, certainly, when I have reflected
from time to time on the fact of the
variety of subjects on which I have
written, it has commonly been whis-
pered in my ear, " To be various is to
be superficial ".

I have not indeed blamed myself
for a variety of work, which could
not be avoided. I have written ac-
cording to the occasion, when there
was a call on me to write ; seldom
have I written without call, but I
have ever felt it to be an unpleasant



190

necessity, and I have envied those
who have been able to take and pro-
secute one line of research, one study,
one science, as so many have done
in this day, and thus to aspire to the
11 Exegi monumentum " of the Poet.
I am not touching on the opinions
which have characterised their labours,
whether true or false ; but I mean
that an author feels his work to be
more conscientious, satisfactory, and
sound, when it is limited to one sub-
ject, when he knows all that can be
known upon it, and when it is so fixed
in his memory, and his possession of
it is so well about him, that he is
never at a loss when asked a ques-
tion, and can give his answer at a
minute's warning.

But I must come to an end ; and,
in ending, I hope you will not under-
stand- these last remarks to argue any
insensibility to the depth of interest
in me and kindly sympathy with me
in your Address, which it would be
very difficult indeed to overlook, but
to which it is most difficult duly to
respond.

The Assumption, 1879.



IV.

From the Committee of Management of
the St. George's Club.

To THE MOST EMINENT AND ILLUSTRIOUS
LORD, JOHN HENRY NEWMAN, CARDI-
NAL DEACON OF THE HOLY ROMAN
CHURCH, BY THE TITLE OF ST.
GEORGE IN VELABRO.

MY LORD CARDINAL,

The Committee of Management
of the St. George's Club, on behalf of the
general body of its members, desire to ex-
press to your Eminence their profound
joy at your elevation to the Sacred Purple.

For thirty years the Catholics of this
Country have looked to your Eminence
as a great Champion of the faith among a
population deeply prejudiced against it by
ignorance and fable. It is to you that
they owe, with much else, defences both
of their veracity and loyalty, so powerful
and winning as to have carried conviction
to minds clouded by inveterate misconcep-
tions, and to have turned a tide of pre-
judice which had been flowing strongly
for three centuries.

But besides your signal services to the
Catholic body at large, many members of
this Club are bound to your Eminence by
personal ties of a very sacred kind, and
have special reason to rejoice in the
honour shown by the Sovereign Pontiff to
one who is to some a spiritual Father, to
more a dear and venerated friend.



The Committee of the St. George's
Club trust, therefore, that they may be
permitted to add their most respectful and
affectionate homage to that which has
reached Your Eminence from so many
quarters upon this great and glad occa-
sion.

On behalf of St. George's Club,

NORFOLK, E.M., President.

To the Committee of Management and
the Members of the St. George's
Club.

When my first surprise was
over, at the Sovereign Pontiff's gracious
act towards me during the last spring,
I felt that so great a gratification I
could not have again, as that signal
recognition by the highest of earthly
authorities, of my person, my past
life, my doings in it, and their re-
sults. But close upon it, and next to
it in moment, and in claim upon my
gratitude, comes the wonderful sym-
pathy and interest in me, so wide
and so eager in its expression, with
which that favour from his Holiness
has been caught up by the general
public, and welcomed as appropriate,
on the part of friends and strangers
to me, of those who have no liking
for the objects for which I have
worked as well as of those who have.



'93

In that accord and volume of kind
and generous voices, you, Gentlemen,
by the Address which now has been
presented to me, have taken a sub-
stantial part, and thereby would have
a claim on me, though there were
nothing else to give you a place in
my friendly thoughts ; but this is not
all which gives a character of its own
to your congratulations.

I was much touched by your notic-
ing the special tie of a personal char-
acter which attaches some of your
members to me, and me to them ; it
is very kind in you to tell me of this,
and it is a kindness which I shall
not forget.

Also there is between you and my-
self a tie which is common to you
all ; and that, if not a religious tie
also, is at least an ecclesiastical, and
one which in more than in one re-
spect associates us together. St.
George is your Patron ; and you are
doubly under his Patronage : first,
because he is this country's Saint,
and next, in that voluntary union, by
virtue of which you address me.
Now I on the other side have been
appointed titular of his ancient Church
in Rome ; his Chapter, his depend-
ents, his fabric, are all under my
'3



194

care, and, here again, as I claim to
have an interest in you more than
others have, so you may claim to
share in the devotion paid to that
glorious Martyr in his venerable Basi-
lica.

But it would be wrong to detain
you longer; and, while I repeat my
thanks to all the members of the Club
for their Address, my special thanks
are due to you, gentlemen, who have
taken the trouble to present it to me
in person.

JOHN H. CARDINAL NEWMAN.

The Assumption, 1879.



V.

From the Training College of the Sisters
of Notre Dame, Liverpool.

Presented, Aug. 15, by the Marquis of Ripon,
as Chairman of the Managing Committee of
the Training College of Notre Dame, Liverpool.
He prefaced it by a few words of high com-
mendation of the College, which he said
ranked as inferior to no institution of the
kind in the country.

MAY IT PLEASE YOUR EMINENCE,

The Convent of the Sisters of
Notre Dame, Mount Pleasant, Liverpool,
which has for twenty-three years dis-
charged the office of a Training College
for female teachers, in connection with



the Catholic Poor School Committee as
Managers, and with the Government as
Administrators of the Parliamentary
Grant for Education, begs to express to
you their joy at the immense honour be-
stowed on you, an honour reflected in no
small degree upon their country by the
Holy Father, Leo XIII., in raising you to
the dignity of the Cardinalate.

As an educating institution, we feel the
vast importance of a Catholic Literature,
and we find in the thirty-four volumes of
your works what we trust is an omen of
the future richness of our store. You have
treated therein, very largely, of the things
of God and the things of man, the con-
verse of the soul with her Maker and Re-
deemer, and the manifold relations of
human society. You have explored his-
tory with the acutest light of reason illu-
minated by faith ; and philosophy has be-
come in your hands the torch-bearer of
religion. In these most varied works,
which may be termed " a well of English
undefiled," we are conscious that you
have provided for the untold and ever-
increasing millions, who, in the furthest
East as in the West, speak the English
tongue and hold the Catholic Faith, a
source at once of human consolation and
of divine light. Other pupils besides ours
will, in the ages to come, learn by the
voice of Gerontius the secrets of the un-
seen state, and be drawn to aspire after
the prize of eternal communion with God.



196

But permit us to point at a more
special contact between part of the work
of your Eminence in the past and our
own actual task. You gave seven years
of your life to the foundation of a Catho-
lic University in Ireland : a permanent
fruit of which remains, not only in the
institution founded, but in that illustra-
tion of an University's highest functions
which you have drawn with the utmost
force and precision. Since you retired
from that work to St. Philip's home, our
College, aided by a Government which is
both more just and more generous in its
treatment of Education here than in
Ireland, has sent forth upwards of eight
hundred Catholic teachers into our
schools. We are sure that you, who
have toiled in the cultivation of the
learned, feel an equal zeal to promote
that of the labouring classes, for among
the gifts bestowed upon you so muni-


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