John Henry Newman.

Addresses to Cardinal Newman with his replies, etc., 1879-81 online

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ficently by the Divine Goodness, the
heart of a great Preacher is one of the
most conspicuous.

For this work of ours, in which we
have followed to the best of our ability,
in the humblest sphere of human thought,
the example you have set up in its high-
est range, and for ourselves in particular,
we ask your Eminence's benediction, and
the more, because a great proportion of
those whom we have instructed and sent
forth belong to that Irish race to which
you devoted so many years : a race, which

I 9 7

by spreading into so many lands carries
far and wide that English tongue, in the
utmost purity and strength of which you
have set forth the triumphs of the Catho-
lic faith.


Liverpool, Aug. 13, 1879.

To the Training College of the Sisters
of Notre Dame, Liverpool.

[This Reply was extempore.]

The name of the Liverpool
Sisters of Notre Dame would have been
quite enough, without other words, to
make me understand the value of the
congratulations which your lordship has
been so good as to put into my hands
in their behalf, and which, I need
scarcely say, are rendered doubly wel-
come to me as coming to me through
your lordship. May I beg of you the
additional favour of your assuring
them in turn of the great pleasure
which their Address has given me,
not only as proceeding from a reli-
gious community, whose kindly esti-
mation of such as me is ever coinci-
dent or even synonymous with prayer
for his welfare, but also as expres-
sing the sentiments of ladies who by
their special culture of mind and edu-


cational experience have a claim to be
heard when they speak, as in this
case, on a question whether his writ-
ings have done good service in the
cause of Catholic faith. For the grati-
fication then which their language
concerning me has given me, and
especially for that overflowing person-
al good-will towards me which in the
first instance has led to their addres-
sing me, I beg of your lordship's
kindness to return to them my most
sincere acknowledgments.

[A Post Card written by one * who had been present
at the five Addresses, bears the following: " Ille Senex
mirae fuit dignitatis, modestiae, comitatis. Pulcherrima
sane venustas Senectutis Christianae. Petrum loqui
putares potiusquam Petri ministrum."]

From Dr. Delany, Bishop of Cork,
to Cardinal Newman.

CORK, August 3, 1879.


Great as the honour and plea-
sure are of approaching your Eminence
on this occasion, I should not have ven-
tured to do so in my individual capacity.
One may not undertake a proceeding
which would be the ambition of all, and
being carried out would be oppressive to
the subject of their veneration. Happily,

*T. W. Allies, Esq.

as spokesman of a firm Catholic Com-
munity, I have at the same time an
opportunity of expressing my personal
feelings of delight at the promotion of
your Eminence to your present most
exalted rank, not only honourable to
yourself, but, I may perhaps add, credit-
able to our Holy Church.

I might not please you by referring to
your noble intellectual powers, more ap-
preciated by the rest of the world than
by yourself, but your Eminence must be
consoled by the convictions of others
that our good God has made you the
instrument of various and wide-spread
blessings to multitudes of your fellow-

Whilst the Catholic world hailed with
delight the happy inspiration of our Holy
Father in electing you to a place in the
College of his Cardinals, I don't think that
any portion of our Church cherished the
feeling more warmly than the good
Catholics of Cork. I expected as much,
yet I was specially struck by the quiet
enthusiasm that pervaded all ranks of
our Community on the occasion.

And having humbly joined in the tri-
bute prepared for your Eminence, they
could not be content unless they gave
expression to you in person of their ad-
miration, reverence, and love. I have the
honour of forwarding the Address they
wish me to lay before you. Few besides
your Eminence could devise such a form


of words, as would adequately convey
their sentiments.

No accumulation of honours could in-
crease my own profound and affectionate
veneration save only this judgment of our
great Sovereign Pontiff.

I have the honour to be,

Your Eminence's

Most humble and devoted servant,


Address from the City of Cork.

May 10, 1879.


The Bishop, Clergy, Mayor,
and Catholic people of Cork, in accord
with their fellow-countrymen generally,
beg to approach you with sincere con-
gratulations, on the auspicious occasion
of your elevation to the high office and
dignity of Cardinal of the Holy Roman

Drawn by a singular grace of God
from the darkness of error and schism
into the light of Christ's true Church, you
co-operated so faithfully with the heaven-
ly gift as to become yourself a beacon-
light to hundreds of others, who, moved
by your example, and instructed by your
writings, have followed you into the tran-
quil haven of the True Faith.

To the Church of your adoption you
have proved yourself not only a devoted
Son, but wherever battle was to be done


for her cause a ready and irresistible

As Irishmen we owe you a special debt
of gratitude, for that, at the call of our
Hierarchy, you left your home and de-
tached yourself from your natural associa-
tions and devoted several years of your
services to the interests of Catholic Uni-
versity Education amongst us, shedding by
your name and literary labours a lustre
on that Institution which you strove to
establish in the face of nearly insurmount-
able difficulty.

Wishing you years of honour and use-
fulness in your new and exalted position.

WILLIAM DELANY, Bishop of Cork.
JAMES DONEGAN, J. P., Major, Hon


Reply to the Address from the City of

August 21, 1879.


I well understand and feel
deeply the honour done me in the
Address on occasion of my recent
elevation which I have received with
your signatures attached, in the name


of the Catholics, clergy and laity,
forming the large and important popu-
lation of Cork.

It is an additional mark of attention
of which I am very sensible, that the
Address is so beautifully illuminated,
coming to me in a form as exquisite,
considered as a work of art, as it is
generous and kindly in the sentiments
about me to which it gives expres-

You show a kindly sympathy for
me, in what you . say of my conver-
sion to the Catholic Faith and the
circumstances attendant on it ; and I
consider you to be very generous to
me in the notice you take of my ser-
vices so long ago in behalf of the
Catholic University.

Certainly it is very gratifying to be
told that my efforts then, such as
they were, in the cause of University
Education were not without effect ; and,
though I cannot myself estimate them
as highly as you indulgently do, it is
too pleasant to believe that in this
matter you know better than I, for
me to make any violent attempt to
prove that you speak too strongly in
their commendation.

May I beg of you, my Lord Bishop,
and of your associates in signing the

20 3

Address, to convey to the Catholics of
your city my most sincere thanks for
it, and to assure them that I shall
never lose the sense of pleasure which
I derive from the friendliness with
which they regard me, and for the
warmth with which they have wel-
comed the gracious act towards me of
the Holy Father.


From Prior Raynal, O.S.B., St.
Michael's, Hereford, to Cardinal

August 23, 1879.


Allow me to offer you the
heartfelt congratulations of myself and
Community on your elevation to the
dignity of Cardinal of the Holy Roman
Church. Please also to accept the ex-
pressions of our deep respect conveyed
to you in person by Canon Hurworth. I
take this opportunity to thank your
Eminence for the love you have always
evinced towards our great Father St.
Benedict, as also for the good-will you
have always manifested for the Order, of
which we are the very lowly members.

Overwhelmed as you are by congratu-
latory letters, I beg that you will not


trouble to acknowledge these few lines.
We shall deem ourselves happy to secure
a memento in your Holy Mass and a
blessing from your fraternal heart.
Believe me, my Lord Cardinal,
Ever yours most respectfully,


To Fr. Raynal, Prior, St. Michael's,


August 24, 1879.


Your letter, delivered to me
by Canon Hurworth, in your own
name and in the name of your Com-
munity, is very kind and welcome to
me, and I thank you all for it. It
has been an extreme gratification to
me to find the gracious act towards
me of the Holy Father seconded so
warmly by my brother Catholics at

You say most truly that I have
always had a great devotion for St.
Benedict and love of his Order, and I
don't see how a son of St. Philip
Neri can feel otherwise. It was a
priest of St. Benedict who sent him
to Rome, and a priest of St. Benedict
who decided for him on his remaining


there and in his spirit, so simple
and lovable, I see nothing else than
the spirit of St. Benedict.

I trust, my Very Rev. Father,
that your kindness to me on this oc-
casion is a token that you and yours
will sometimes recollect a very old
man in your good prayers.

Most sincerely yours in Christ,


Sept. 4 was a beautiful day ; the children
in the Oratory Mission Schools were just
entering upon their afternoon's work, little
guessing what a happy and memorable after-
noon this was to be for them.

About half-past two the news arrived that
His Eminence Cardinal Newman intended to
visit the schools at three o'clock. Joy filled
every heart at the news and lit up every
face : then for a moment a shade of dis-
appointment succeeded, because of the im-
possibility of realising in so short a time the
beloved projects of innocent show and
grandeur, intended for the reception of such
a visitor.

Wishing to give the children the pleasure
of seeing him, he had resolved to visit the
schools, but without giving notice of the
day or time. The stratagem, however, did
not quite succeed ; a charitable friend be-
trayed the secret, and the school was hurriedly
prepared for the coming honour.


A gentleman supplied the Sisters with an
arm chair which with carpets and platform
served for the humble throne. Flowers and
white dresses had been procured in the mean-
time, and every child wore the Cardinal's
medal on a broad red ribbon.

His Eminence entered by the Infants'
School, where the little ones sang their best
hymns. In the Girls' School, on being seated,
flowers were laid at his feet ; then, the Address
having been read, it was handed to him, the
children meantime singing in Italian the hymn
" Salve gran' Cardinale ".

From the Children of the Mission
Schools of the Oratory.


Encouraged by the great hon-
our of your presence amongst us, we
venture to add our humble words to the
addresses of the multitudes who vie
with one another in presenting you their
heartfelt homage on the occasion of your
elevation to the dignity of Prince of the

We cannot say anything new, but for
the sake of variety we have ventured to
sing a welcome to your Eminence in the
euphonious Italian tongue, to which as
Prince of the Holy Roman Church, you
naturally must now assign a place by the
side of our own English language.

We shall ever remember with gratitude
the distinguished honour of your Emin-
ence's visit to our schools and humbly
beg the grace of your blessing for us all,


who call ourselves with filial devotion
and profound veneration,

Your Eminence's most humble children,
the scholars of the Oratory Middle School.

,, ,, ,, Girls' School.

,, ,, ,, Infants' School.

Birmingham, Sept. 4, 1879.

The Cardinal thanked the children, praising
their singing and the correct pronunciation
of the Italian words ; and asked them whether
they knew why they honoured him thus, bring-
ing him flowers, singing, and wearing his
medal. He explained to them in beautiful
simple words that the greatest man in the
world is the Vicar of Christ, the Pope ; that
all the honour paid to the Pope refers to our
Blessed Lord Himself, whose representative
he is. " Everything in this world should re-
mind us of God, but especially the Pope.
If the Pope were to send us a present, a
book for instance, we should value it very
much, because it came from him. Now when
he sends us a Cardinal, it is just the same
thing ; we honour a Cardinal because he
comes from the Pope. You honour me, be-
cause the Pope has sent me. All the honour
you bestow upon me, refers to the Pope, the
great Leo XIII., and through him to God
Himself. A Pope," he continued, " when he
is elected, chooses another name, besides his
own. Some Popes have taken the name 01
Innocent, others Clement, others Pius, as did
the late Pope. The present Pope has chosen
the name of Leo. Can any of you tell me
what the name of Leo means ? It means
Lion. There have been many great Popes
and Saints who have borne the name of
Leo. Our Blessed Lord Himself is called a
Lion in Holy Scripture, in the same way as


the Holy Ghost is called a Dove. It is a
wonderful thing that Almighty God should
allow Himself to be compared thus. Again,
you know, our Lord is sometimes spoken of
as a Lamb, to remind us that He is meek,
patient and mild ; but when He is called a
Lion, it means to say that He is powerful and
strong. The Pope, too, is powerful ; but he
derives all his power from God."

He concluded with these words: "In the
name of the great Pope Leo XIII. who sent
me, I will gladly give you my blessing ! "

After the blessing was given, all the
children kissed the Cardinal's ring, hymns
being sung meanwhile. Then the Cardinal
gave to the Sisters a number of rosaries and
medals blessed by^ Pope Leo, to be given to
those children " who are sometimes very
good ". After again giving his blessing His
Eminence proceeded to the Boys' School.

From the English Benedictine Congre-
(Presented at Birmingham, Sept. 18, 1879.)


Upon the first announcement
of the intention of our Holy Father,
Pope Leo XIII. , to raise your Eminence
to the high dignity of Princedom in the
Holy Catholic Church, the President-
General of the English Benedictine Con-
gregation at once conveyed to your

Eminence an assurance of our participa-
tion in the universal joy with which such
a well-deserved promotion was welcomed.

We now desire to express in a per-
sonal and more formal manner our con-
gratulation, and approach your Eminence
with the hope that our tribute of respect
may be recorded amongst the many, but
not too many, assurances which have
gathered around you, and which your
brethren and children of the Oratory are
treasuring up amongst the heirlooms
which your Eminence is to bequeath to

Others have with perfect truthfulness
recorded your merits as Theologian,
Philosopher, Poet, Preacher, and His-
torian. We may be allowed to single
out, and to add to all these the spirit of
the Ascetic, in which character your
Eminence especially gains the sympathy
of the children of St. Benedict. Like
another Venerable Bede, you have loved
to do your great intellectual work in
retirement, and have been reluctant that
any event should call you forth from
your truly monastic cell. Obedience
alone has effected what yourself would
shrink from, but what all the world
beside rejoices on witnessing. The voice
of the Vicar of Jesus Christ has sum-
moned your Eminence to take your rank
amongst the Princes of the Church ; and
the voices of thousands, ours amongst
them, are ascending in a chorus of



prayer, that you may long be spared to
grace your exalted office, and to continue
your fruitful labours in behalf of the

We beg your blessing upon our Con-
gregation, and humbly subscribe our-

Your Eminence's humble and devoted


monasteriensis, Praeses Generalis, O.S.B.






To the President-General, the Abbots,
and others of the English Benedic-
tine Congregation.

Sept. 18, 1879.


I thought it a high honour,
as indeed it was, to have received in
the course of the last six months, on
occasion of the Sovereign Pontiffs
goodness to me, congratulations from
several Benedictine houses ; but now


I am called upon to give expression
to my still warmer and deeper grati-
tude for so formal and public an act
of kindness on my behalf as comes to
me to-day from the whole English
Benedictine Congregation, a kindness
done to me by the President-General
in person in company with other
Abbots and high officials of the
English body, and that with the
express intention of preserving the
memory of the interest they have
taken in me for later times.

This indeed is a kindness which
claims my heartfelt thanks ; and it is
the more gratifying to me, my dear
Fathers, because, over and above the
circumstances with which you have
so studiously given emphasis to your
act, it comes from Benedictines. The
Holy Church at all times, early and
late, is fair and gracious, replete with
winning beauty and transcendent ma-
jesty ; and one time cannot be pro-
nounced more excellent than another;
but I from a boy have been drawn in
my affections to her first age beyond
other ages, and to the monastic rule
as it was then exemplified ; and how
was it possible to drink in the spirit
of early Christianity, and to be ena-
moured of its loveliness, and to sit at


the feet of its Saints, Antony, Basil,
Martin, Jerome, Paulinus, Augustine,
and the others, without a special sen-
sibility and attraction to the grandeur
of St. Benedict, who completes the
list of ancient monastic Saints, or
without a devout attachment to his
multitudinous family ?

And when I became a Catholic, and
found myself a son and servant of St.
Philip, I rejoiced to think how much
there was in the substance and spirit
of his Institute like that which I had
attributed to the primitive monks.
His children, indeed, have no place in
the pages of Ecclesiastical History ;
we have not poured ourselves over
Christendom century after century ; we
have not withstood a flood of barbar-
ism, and after its calamities " re-
newed the face of the earth " ; we take
up no great room in libraries, nor live
in biographies and in the minds and
hearts of spiritual men ; but, as chil-
dren of a Saint, we cannot but have
a character of our own and a holy
vocation ; and, viewing it in itself, we
may without blame ascribe to it a
likeness to a Benedictine life, and
claim a brotherhood with that old
Benedictine world ; in the spirit of
Cardinal Baronio, one of Philip's first


disciples, who tells us in his Annals
that by and in St. Philip's Rule a
beautiful Apostolical method of spiri-
tual life was renewed and primitive
times came back again.

There are none, then, whose praise
is more welcome to me than that of
Benedictines ; but it need scarcely be
said, my dear Fathers, that to have a
vivid admiration of a rule of life is
not the same thing as to exemplify it.
I know myself better than you do.
You think far too well of me, and I
beg your good prayers that I may be
more like that ideal of work and
prayer, which in your charitableness
you identify with me.



THURSDAY, September 18, 1879.

The Right Hon. the Earl of Denbigh, Chairman.

The Right Hon. Lord Dormer ; The Right Hon.
Lord Stafford ; The Right Rev. Dr. Collier, O.S.B. ;
The Right Rev. T. C. Smith, O.S.B. ; The Hon.
Francis Stonor ; W. R. Acton, Esq. ; The Very Rev.
Provost Bagnall ; Henry Bacchus, Esq. ; Robt. Berke-
ley, Esq. ; Major H. W. Berkeley ; C. M. Berington,
Esq.; Charles Blount, Esq.; J. J. Bradshaw, Esq.;
E. H. Dering, Esq. ; The Very Rev. Canon Dunne ;
The Very Rev. Canon Estcourt; George Eyston, Esq.;
J. A. Farrell, Esq.; Marmion E. Ferrers, Esq.; Basil
Fit/herbert, Esq. ; T. H. Galton, Esq. ; Captain F.
Gerard ; The Very Rev. J. A. Hawksford, D.D. ;
Richard Havers, Esq. ; John B. Hardman, Esq. ; Cap-


tain Haydock ; Robert Hill, Esq. ; Edgar Hibbert,
Esq. ; The Very Rev. Canon Ilsley ; The Very Rev.
Canon Ivers ; The Very Rev. Canon Jeffries ; The
Very Rev. Canon Knight; J. P. Lacy, Esq.; The Very
Rev. Canon Longman, V.G. ; Rev. J. McCave, D.D. ;
The Marquis de Lys; N. S. du Moulin, Esq.; Alfred
Newdigate, Esq.; The Very Rev. Canon Northcote,
D.D. ; The Very Rev. Canon O'Sullivan ; Daniel Par-
sons, Esq.; The Rev. J. Parker; Rev. T. Parkinson,
S.J.; Thos. A. Perry, Esq.; Edward Petre, Esq.; W.
Powell, Esq.; G. J. Reeve, Esq.; Thos. Richards, Esq.;
Rev. J. H. Souter; The Very Rev. Canon Tandy, D.D.;
Major Trafford; W. E. Willson, Esq.; George Young,

C. N. du Moulin, Esq., Hon. Secretary.

Circular from the Committee.

April 24, 1879.


A strong feeling has been ex-
pressed in many influential quarters that on
the occasion of the Very Rev. Dr. Newman's
elevation to the dignity of a Cardinal of the
Holy Roman Church, an Address should be
presented to him from the Diocese of Bir-
mingham (which has been for so many years
past the scene of his labours), congratulating
him on receiving this distinguished mark of
the favour and approbation of the Holy See.
It has been thought a fitting opportunity to
tender likewise a substantial expression of our
profound and cordial respect, and to testify
our gratitude for the many and signal services
he has rendered to the Catholic Church, by
presenting Dr. Newman at the same time
with an offering towards the support of his
new dignity.

You are probably aware that a National
Fund is being raised for this purpose, but
there is every reason to believe that a sepa-
rate Address and Offering emanating from
those with whom Dr. Newman has been so
long connected would be especially valued by


him: it is therefore to be hoped that this
appeal to the Diocese will meet with an en-
thusiastic and liberal response. A letter from
His Lordship the Bishop of Birmingham on
the subject accompanies this circular, together
with a copy of the proposed Address.

I remain,

Your obedient Servant,

Chairman of the Committee.

Letter from the Bishop of Birming-

BIRMINGHAM, April 15, 1879.


I was happy to receive the Ad-
dress so numerously and respectably signed,
requesting me to call a Meeting of the Catho-
lics of the Diocese, to consider upon an
Address and Testimonial, to be presented to
the Very Rev. Dr. Newman, on the occasion
of his elevation to the Cardinalate. I am
quite sure that Dr. Newman would appreciate
the expression of that profound respect and
reverence in which he is held in the Diocese,
which has been his own for so many years,
and to which he has rendered such great ser-
vices. Nor should we forget the honour
which the Sovereign Pontiff confers upon us,
in placing one of his Cardinals in the midst
of us. The words of His Holiness addressed
to Cardinals Manning and Howard, ought
here to be recorded. His Holiness said : " In
conferring the Sacred Purple on Dr. Newman,
I wish to honour his great virtues and learn-
ing, to do an act pleasing to the Catholics of
England, and to England which I so much

But with respect to the mode 01 accom-


plishing the Address and Testimonial, after
conferring with the Committee, I think it
would be much more delicate and considerate
towards Dr. Newman, if, instead of a Public
Meeting the Committee were to prepare an

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