John Henry Newman.

Addresses to Cardinal Newman with his replies, etc., 1879-81 online

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Address, and to organise a method of sub-
scription to be submitted to the signers of the
Address, and to others interested in the Testi-
monial, inviting their signatures and co-opera-

Wishing you every blessing, I remain,

Dear Mr. du Moulin,
Your faithful servant in Christ,


Address from the Diocese of Birming-
(Presented Sept. 18, 1879.)


It is with no ordinary senti-
ments of joy and respect, that we, the
undersigned Clergy and Laity of the
Diocese of Birmingham, approach to offer
to your Eminence our sincere and affec-
tionate congratulations on your elevation
to the high dignity of the Cardinalate.

For the occasion itself is no ordinary
one. For the first time in the history of
the Church in England a simple priest
resident in this country has through the
special favour of the Vicar of Christ been
made a Prince of the Church ; and this
event, which has elicited expressions of
sympathy from every class of your fellow
countrymen, cannot but awaken yet
deeper emotion among ourselves, who
have for so many years been bound to

you by more special ties, and who have
shared with you all the joys and trials of
your past career.

As we look back on the history of that
life which has now been crowned with a
dignity far different in character and
value from the empty honours of the
world, we remember with pleasure that,
from the first, your life as a Catholic has
been connected with the Diocese of Bir-
mingham. A saintly priest of this district
was the chosen instrument by whom you
were admitted into the One true fold;
and when after that event, for which
your previous course had been a long
preparation, you sought a retreat in
which "to begin your life over again,"
you found it in this neighbourhood,
which thus offered you the joys of your
first Catholic home.

The refuge thus afforded you was
amply repaid when, on your return from
Rome, you once more came among us
with the express commission of the Holy
See to establish in Birmingham the first
Oratory of St. Philip ever founded in this
country. And since that time, every
event most interesting to us in this Dio-
cese has been made more memorable by
words from you. Your name is insepar-
ably united with the Installation of the
first Bishop of Birmingham ; the first
Provincial Synod of the Church in Eng-
land held at Oscott ; the first Diocesan
Synod in the Cathedral, and the opening
of our Diocesan Seminary.


But it is not for us to attempt an enu-
meration of the distinguished services
which you have rendered to the Church.
The Holy Father has marked his own
sense of their value by raising you to the
Sacred Purple ; and in so doing he has
at the same time conferred on the Catho-
lics of this land a token of his paternal
favour most precious to their hearts.
For who is there among us who does not
feel that he has his own individual share
in the debt of gratitude owing to you
from all English Catholics, which yet
they know not how to pay ?

Whether we regard your long labours
in the cause of truth the many works
with which you have enriched our native
literature the spiritual benefits which
have flowed in copious streams from the
Oratory which claims you as its founder
or those other services, less conspicu-
ous it may be, but not less precious, by
which so many souls have been delivered
from the trammels of error through your
zeal and charity we rejoice in recognis-
ing that this great debt has at length
been discharged, as far as it can be in
this world, by the hands of the Vicar of
Christ, who in thus honouring you has
established a fresh claim on our filial
love and gratitude.

How many a time has your voice been
heard among us, dispelling old prejudices
of the past, or infusing new hope and
confidence for the future. You have


taught the people of this country to
understand the Catholic Religion better
than they had done before ; and by a
rare and happy grace have won their
confidence, even whilst you unveiled their
errors. You have lost no occasion on
which to remind us of the sublime voca-
tion and graces which as Catholics we
enjoy, and looking forward into the future
you have bid us expect with confidence
the dawn of our "Second Spring".

Well then may we rejoice as members
of this Diocese that by a singular privi-
lege we are still permitted to have you
resident in the midst of us as one of the
Sacred College 1 Well may we congratu-
late ourselves that the Holy Father
should have been pleased to increase the
value of his most gracious act, by not
requiring your separation from that land
of your birth which you love so well and
in which you are held so dear, or from
the religious family which has so long
claimed you as its Head ! That your
Eminence may yet be preserved in your
new position to add to the long list of
services you have already rendered to
the Church is the prayer of

Your Eminence's
Most humble devoted servants,


of the Clergy Chairman of Committee. .

and Laity of V

the Diocese of C. N. DU MOULIN,
Birmingham. Hon. Secretary.


To the Clergy and Laity of the Dio-
cese of Birmingham.


Your most welcome Address
brings before me memories of many
past years. The greater part of my
life, that is, more than half of the
long interval since I was a school-
boy, has been spent here, and the
words which you use about it come
home to me with the force both of a
surprise and a pleasure which I had
thought no speakers or writers could
excite but such as had the same vivid
experience of those eventful years as
I have myself. Yon are not so old
as I am ; how is it then that you
recollect my past so well ? Every
year brings its inevitable changes,
some entering, others leaving this
perishable scene. Yet so it is that by
the favour of a good Providence, I
have lost old friends only to gain new
ones, and the ever fresh generation
of Catholics, clerical and lay, attached
to this See, seems as if ever handing
down a tradition of what has happened
to me in the years before itself; a
tradition always kind, nay I may say,
always affectionate to me.

Of course I view that past under a


different aspect from yours. To me
it is filled up with memorials of
special kindnesses and honours which
you have done to me, more than I
can recount or represent in these few

I recollect, for instance, thirty-six
years ago, with what kind anxiety Dr.
Wiseman, then coadjutor Bishop, ex-
erted himself, when I was living near
Oxford, to bring me within the safe
lines of Holy Church, and how, when
I had been received by Father Domi-
nic of the Congregation of the Pas-
sion, I at once found myself welcomed
and housed at Oscott, the whole
College, boys I may say as well as
the authorities of the place, receiving
me with open arms, till I was near
forgetting that I must not encroach
on their large hospitality. How many
kind and eager faces, young and old,
come before me now, as they passed
along the corridors, or took part in
the festivities of St. Cecilia's day, or
assisted at more directly sacred com-
memorations during the first months
that I was a Catholic ! And after-
wards, when Dr. Wiseman had called
us from Oxford to be near him, the
first act of the Bishop of the district,
Dr. Walsh, was to give us old Oscott,


since called Maryvale, as our posses-
sion, a munificent act which Pope
Pius confirmed in his Brief, though
we felt it a duty, on our coming here,
to restore it to the Diocese.

And when we had come here, and
our position was permanently fixed,
the same kindness was shown to
me as before, and especially by our
present venerated Bishop. What are
those instances which you mention of
my preaching at St. Chad's on his
lordship's installation and on other
special occasions, but so many singu-
lar honours shown in my behalf? As
years went on, in a troublous time,
and amid the conflict of opinion, there
never was a misgiving about me in
my own neighbourhood. I recollect
with great gratitude the public meet-
ing held by the Catholics of this place
in acknowledgment of lectures which
I had delivered during the excitement
caused in the country by the establish-
ment of the Hierarchy ; and how,
when those lectures involved me in
serious legal difficulties soon after-
wards, the Birmingham Catholics, and
prominently some excellent laymen,
whose memory is very dear to me,
started and headed that general sub-
scription to meet my expenses, which


reached so magnificent a sum. And
again, years afterwards, when an
affront offered to me had involved an
affront to the whole Catholic priest-
hood, and I on both accounts had felt
bound to take notice of it, I was,
amid many anxieties, cheered and re-
warded by an Address of thanks from
the clergy assembled in Diocesan
Synod, as is kept in continual memory
by the autographs, on the walls of our
guest room, of the kind priests who
did me this honour. Nor was the
Bishop wanting to this great acknow-
ledgment ; he gave it a sanction, as
precious as it was rare, by proposing
that each of the priests of his Diocese
should, in connection with the subject
of their Address, say Mass for me.

And now, after all this, you crown
your kindness, when my course is all
but run, by resolving that the Holy
Father shall not raise me to the
Sacred College, without, by your cor-
dial congratulations, having a share in
his act of grace.

What am I to say to all this? It
has been put about by those who
were not Catholics, that, as a convert,
I have been received coldly by the
Catholic body; but if this be cold-
ness, I wonder what warmth is. One

22 4

thought more comes into my mind,
and with it I will conclude. I have
many times felt sorely what poor
services I have rendered to you, to
gain such recompenses as I have
been recounting. It is very plain that
I have had the wages of a public life
with the freedom and comfort of a
private one. You have let me go my
own way, and have never been hard
upon me. Following the lead of the
good Bishop, you in all your com-
munications with me, have made al-
lowances for our Rule, for my health
and strength, for my age, for my
habits and peculiarities, and have ever
been delicate, ever acted tenderly to-
wards me.

May the Almighty God return to
his Lordship, and to all of you, a
hundred-fold, that mercy and that lov-
ing sympathy which he and you have
shown so long to me.


Sept. 1 8, 1879.

Oct. 5, 1879.

For the Address which led to this visit, see
July 12, p. no.

Cardinal Newman paid his long intended
visit to St. Mary's College, Oscott, on Sunday,
October 5, and by his presence added unusual


solemnity and rejoicing to the celebration of
the Feast of the Most Holy Rosary.

His Eminence was received by the Presi-
dent * and the Professors ; in the hall the boys
were assembled to welcome him. Dr. Ulla-
thorne (the Bishop), Bishop Amherst, Bishop
Knight and Dr. Ilsley were also there to greet

At eleven o'clock High Mass coram Car-
dinali was sung; Bishop Amherst, Bishop
Knight and Dr. Ilsley being in the stalls.
The Cardinal was assisted by the Very Rev.
the President of Oscott and Fr. John Norris
of the Oratory, the Rev. W. Greaney being
master of ceremonies.

After the Gospel, his Eminence preached
on the devotion of the Holy Rosary, taking
for his text St. Luke, ii. 16 : "And they
found Mary and Joseph, and the Infant lying
in the manger". The following is the sub-
stance of his address.

To the School-Boys of St. Mary's
College, Oscott.

[This has been printed in close lines to mark it off
as made from shorthand notes and other sources, and
without the Cardinal having revised it.]

"I am not going to make a long address
to you, my dear boys, or say anything that
you have not often heard before from your
superiors, for I know well in what good hands
you are, and I know that their instructions
come to you with greater force than any you
can have from a stranger. If I speak to you
at all, it is because I have lately come irom
the Holy Father, and am, in some sort, his
representative, and so in the years to come
you may remember that you saw me to-day
and heard me speak in his name and remerr
ber it to your profit.

"You know that to-day we keep the feast

*Dr. Hawksford.



of the Holy Rosary, and I propose to say to
you what occurs to me on this great subject.
You know how that devotion came about ;
how, at a time when heresy was very wide-
spread, and had called in the aid of sophistry,
which can so powerfully aid infidelity against
religion, God inspired St. Dominic to institute
and spread this devotion. It seems so simple
and easy, but you know God chooses the
small things of the world to humble the great.
Of course it was first of all for the poor and
simple, but not for them only, for every one
who has practised the devotion knows that
there is in it a soothing sweetness as in
nothing else.

" It is difficult to know God by our own
power, because He is incomprehensible. He
is invisible to begin with, and therefore in-
comprehensible. We can, however, in some
way know Him. Unaided Reason can, with
great difficuly, arrive at some knowledge of
Him, for even among the heathen there were
some who had learned many truths about
Him. But such knowledge of God is but a
light in a dark place, and, as in the case of
the philosophers of old of whom you have
read, it had not power to influence the lives of
those who possessed it. They did not act up
to it ; they found it too hard to conform their
lives to their knowledge of God. And so He
in His mercy, in order that we might know
Him better, has given us a revelation of
Himself by coming amongst us, to be one of
ourselves, by taking upon Himself all the
circumstances, all the relations and qualities of
human nature, to gain us over.

" He came down from Heaven and dwelt
among us, and died for us. All these things
are in the Creed, which contains the chief
things that He has revealed to us about Him-

"And we cannot think of Him as the Creed
brings Him before us without thinking of His
Blessed Mother. And thus, from the earliest
times, as soon as the Church had had time
to settle down, and, as we may say, look
about it, we find our Blessed Lady associated
with our Lord. Go down into the Catacombs
and there you will find her painted on the
walls in connection with the mysteries of His


"Now the great power of the Rosary lies
in this, that it makes the Creed into a prayer;
, of course the Creed is in some sense a prayer
and a great act of homage to God ; but the
/ Rosary gives us the great truths of His life
and death to meditate upon, and brings them
I nearer to our hearts.

"-And so we contemplate all the great mys-
teries of His life; in His birth in the manger;
and so too in the mysteries of His suffering
and his glorified life.

"But even Christians, with all their know-
ledge of God, have usually more awe of Him
than love ; hence the virtue of the Rosary lies
in the special way in which it looks at these
mysteries ; for with all our thoughts of Him
are mingled thoughts of His Mother, and in
the relations between Mother and Son we
have set before us the Holy Family, the
Home in which God lived.

" Now the family is, even humanly con-
sidered, a sacred thing ; how much more the
family bound together by supernatural ties,
and, above all, that in which God dwelt with
His Blessed Mother. This is what I should
most wish you to remember in future years.
For you will all of you have to go out into
the world, and going out into the world
means leaving home ; and, my dear boys, you
don't now know what the world is. You look
forward to the time when you will go out
into the world, and it seems to you very
bright and full of promise. It is not wrong
for you to look forward to that time ; but
most men who know the world find it a world
of great trouble and disappointments and even
of misery. If it turns out so to you, seek a
home in the Holy Family that you think
about in the mysteries of the Rosary. School-
boys know the difference between school and
home. You often hear grown-up people say
that the happiest time of their life was that
passed at school ; but you know that when
they were at school they had a still happier time,
which was when they went home ; that shows
there is a good in home which cannot be
found elsewhere. So that even if the world
should actually prove to be all that you now
fancy it to be, if it should bring you all that you
could wish, yet you ought to have in the
Holy Family a home with a holiness and


sweetness about it that cannot be found else-

" This is, my dear boys, what I most
earnestly ask you. I ask you when you go
out into the world, as soon you must, to
make the Holy Family your home, to which
you may turn from all the sorrow and care of
the world, and find a solace, a compensation
and a refuge. And this I say to you, not as
if I should speak to you again, not as if I
had of myself any claim upon you, but with
the claims of the Holy Father whose repre-
sentative I am, and in the hope that in the
days to come you will remember that I came
amongst you and said it to you. And when
I speak of the Holy Family I do not mean
our Lord and His Blessed Mother only, but
St. Joseph too ; for as we cannot separate our
Lord from His Mother, so we cannot separate
St. Joseph from them both ; for who but he was
their protector in all the scenes of our Lord's
early life ? And with St. Joseph must be
included St. Elizabeth and St. John, whom
we naturally think of as part of the Holy
Family; we read of them together and see
them in pictures together. May you, my dear
boys, throughout your life find a home in the
Holy Family: the home of our Lord and His
blessed Mother, St. Joseph, St. Elizabeth and
St. John."

After luncheon his Eminence held a recep-
tion in the library, attended by all the mem-
bers of the College. The President, in a short
speech, expressed his gratitude to his Emi-
nence and his deep sense of the honour he
had conferred on Oscott, both by his visit and
by the extreme kindness with which he had
spoken of the College in his reply to the
diocesan address. He hoped that his Emi-
nence would often honour Oscott with his
presence during the many years which he
hoped yet remained of his valuable life.

His Eminence, in reply, said that it was a
great pleasure to him to visit Oscott, in
which he always felt a great interest, as a
place endeared to him by many associations.


Latterly, indeed, his age and manner of life
had hindered his taking advantage of his
nearness to Oscott, but in former days he
had had a great deal to do with it, more
than the younger members of the College
were likely to be aware of. He called to
mind many occasions on which he had been
at Oscott, and expressed his great interest in
its welfare, and his great pleasure in visiting
it once more.

The Professors were then presented to his
Eminence, who, after spending a short time
in the museum, took his leave, the College
band playing the Pope's march, the strains of
which were lost amidst the cheers of the

From the Rector and Senate of the
Catholic University of Ireland.

(Presented Oct. 28, 1879.)

The Bishop of Ardagh, the Right Rev. Dr.
Woodlock, waited on Cardinal Newman on
Tuesday last at the Oratory, Birmingham, and
presented to his Eminence the following ad-
dress, which had been adopted by the Senate
of the University presided over by Dr. Wood-
lock as Rector. Before reading it he re-
minded the Cardinal that he had graciously
arranged to receive it last June, on the return
of his Eminence and his own return from
Rome; and expressed his great regret that his
Eminence's protracted illness in Italy had ren-
dered it impossible to carry out that arrange-
ment ; press of diocesan duties had subse-
quently placed it out of his (the Bishop's)
power to come to Birmingham to perform this


most agreeable duty, as his last official act in
his capacity of Rector.

His Lordship then read the following :


We, the Rector and Senate of
the Catholic University of Ireland, beg to
express to you our heartfelt and most re-
spectful congratulations on the honour
which you have received in being raised
by our Most Holy Father, Pope Leo
XIII., to the dignity of Cardinal.

The great joy with which we, as an
academical body, have welcomed this
event, is a feeling which we share with
the whole Catholic world. The name of
Newman is indeed one which Christen-
dom has learned to venerate on many
grounds. In your earlier years, like St.
Augustine, an alien from Catholic com-
munion, you were, like him, led, in your
maturity, into the bosom of the Holy
Catholic Church, by Divine Grace, using
as its instrument learning and genius of
the first order. Multitudes of disciples
and friends followed your footsteps to the
same refuge, and the blessed movement
is not yet exhausted. Through many
years of labour you have placed at the
service of the Church writings which,
were it but for the consummate style that
is their least praise, will always remain
among the monuments of the English
Language, whilst for the depth of thought
and vast erudition they display, they will
be treasured alike by the searcher after


truth and by the learned in every age.
You have established an important reli-
gious Congregation to aid in the recon-
struction of Catholicism in your native
land, under the invocation of a Saint
whom you have taught England to vene-
rate and cherish.

To these great services which you have
rendered to the cause of learning and
religion, we must add some that peculiarly
interest ourselves. With another illustri-
ous member of the Sacred College, whose
loss you lately mourned with us, you
may in a great measure be regarded as
Joint-founder of the Catholic University
of Ireland, to which you devoted your
best and most valued energies for many
years. We have always looked back with
gratitude and admiration to your labours,
during the time you held office as first
Rector of this University, and we feel
assured that the plan for the higher edu-
cation and the system of University
government which you initiated and or-
ganized, will, centuries hence, be studied
by all who may have to legislate for
Catholic education, as among the most
precious of the documents which they
shall possess to inform and guide them.

In conclusion, we pray Almighty God
that you may long be spared to adorn
(like another great Oratorian, Cardinal
Baronius) the Congregation which is so
dear to your heart, and that many years
of health and happiness may be in store


for the noble life which is so worthily
crowned by the Vicar of Christ.
We remain, my Lord Cardinal,

With profound respect,
Your Eminence's faithful friends,
dagh, Rector of the Catholic Uni-
versity of Ireland.

Dublin, May 12, 1879.

To the Rector and Senate of the
Catholic University of Ireland.


This is not the first time
that I have had the gratification of
receiving from you a public expression
of your attachment to me, and of your
generous good opinion of my exer-
tions in behalf of the University.
Many years have passed since then,
and now I receive your welcome
praise a second time, together with
the additional gratification that is the

And I notice further with great
gratitude, that, whereas in most cases
the sentiments which lead to such an
act of kindness become, as time goes
on, less lively than they were at first,
you, on the contrary, use even


stronger and warmer language about
me now, than that which cheered and
gladdened me so much, and was so
great a compensation of my anxieties,
in 1858.

And there is still another pleasure
which your Address has given me.
Of course a lapse of time so consider-
able has brought with it various
changes in the constituent members,
in the ruling and teaching body of
the University. I consider it, then,
to be a singular favour conferred upon
me, that those whom I have not the
advantage of knowing personally
should join in this gracious act with
those who are my old friends.

No earthly satisfaction is without
its drawbacks, and my last remark

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