John Henry Newman.

Addresses to Cardinal Newman with his replies, etc., 1879-81 online

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Judge O'Brien, the High Sheriff, Rev. E. Holland, Vice-
Prov. St. Teresa's, Ignatius Kennedy, etc.


The following resolutions were passed un-
animously :

Proposed by Right Hon. Michael Morris,
Lord Chief Justice of the Common Pleas, and
seconded by Monsignor Woodlock :

That the gentlemen present constitute themselves
into a committee, with a power of adding to their
number, for the purpose of co-operating with the move-
ment for presenting a testimonial to Dr. Newman on
his elevation to the Cardinalate.

Proposed by the Right Hon. Judge Flana-
gan, seconded by Canon M'Mahon, O.P. :

That Lord O'Hagan and Lord Emly be appointed
honorary secretaries of the committee.

Proposed by T. H. Burke, Esq., Under
Secretary for Ireland, and seconded by Very
Rev. Robert White, O.P. :

That subscriptions be paid to the National Bank in
the names of Lords O'Hagan and Emly, and, while the
names of all subscribers be preserved, that no list of
subscriptions be published.

Proposed by the Right Hon. Christopher
Palles, Chief Baron of the Exchequer, and
seconded by Sir Robert Kane, F.R.S. :

That the following circular be adopted :

We are directed by the committee appointed to
organise in Ireland the movement for presenting a tes-
timonial to Dr. Newman on his elevation to the dignity
of Cardinal to solicit your kind assistance and contribu-

It is fitting that as Catholics we should pay our
tribute of admiration and affection to the man whom
the world recognises as being in every intellectual
attainment and achievement the most eminent son of
the Church in our days, and who has been in every
moment of trial the most powerful defender of her
principles by whomsoever assailed.

On us as Irishmen he has special claims. To the
cause of the educational future of our country he dedi-
cated for many years, with ungrudging self-devotion, his
unrivalled powers, and his essays and lectures delivered
in Ireland on the great topic of University education
will remain undying memorials of his work amongst us.


Proposed by E. D. Gray, Esq., M.P. :

That copies of the foregoing circular be addressed
to the Catholic clergy, gentry, magistrates, professional
men, merchants and others.

After the usual votes of thanks, the proceed-
ings terminated.

At the second meeting of the Testimonial
Committee, April 24, Lord O'Hagan in the
chair, subscriptions were announced and letters
read from the Right Rev. Dr. MacCarthy,
Right Rev. Dr. Walshe, Right Rev. Dr. W.
Fitzgerald, Right Rev. Dr. Donnelly, Right
Rev. Dr. Gillooly, Right Rev. Dr. Mac Evilly,
Right Rev. Dr. Conaty, Right Rev. Dr. Leahy,
Right Rev. Dr. MacCormack.


At a meeting held at the Catholic Literary
Institute, "April 5, the Bishop, on taking the
chair, said :

" My Lord Emly, Mr. Mayor, and gentle-
men, it is most gratifying to me to see this
meeting assembled, and to take part in it,
and I thank you very much for the honour
you have done me by voting me to the chair.
It is not necessary to say much about the
object that brings us together. It is an object
that must commend itself to every Catholic
mind and heart, and especially, I would say,
to the mind and heart of every Irish Catholic.
One whom we all revere and love, and who
is admired and revered throughout Christen-
dom; one who, moreover, has been the steady
unchanging friend and generous benefactor of
our own nation, John Henry Newman, has
been raised by the Pope to the highest dignity
that can be conferred by the Head of the


Church upon one of her sons. Thousands
have been for years back desiring this, and
hoping for it, and numbers praying for it; and
now that it has come to pass, it is meet that
we should all rejoice over it, and convey some
fitting expression of that joy to the great but
humble man whom the Vicar of Christ has
honoured and exalted. It is this feeling a
feeling that is now stirring so many hearts all
over the earth that has brought us together ;
and I am delighted to see here those gentle-
men whose hand is in every good work that
is undertaken amongst us, and who will be
sure, in a labour of love and duty such as is
now before us, not to allow Limerick to lag
behind. Gentlemen, I will not detain you by
any further remarks; it is useless to multiply
words when anything that could be said must
fall so far short of what every one feels. I am
sure you will do what is fitting, and say what
is becoming, and that the result of the move-
ment commenced here to-day will be as
creditable to Limerick as it must be pleasing
and gratifying to him whom we desire to

The Mayor (Mr. M. O'Gorman) then pro-
posed, and the Hon. Gaston Monsell, J.P.,
seconded a resolution : " That a committee be
formed to co-operate in the movement for
presenting a testimonial of our respect and
affection to Dr. Newman on his elevation to
the dignity of Cardinal". The Very Rev.
Cornelius Conway and Mr. James Barry were
appointed hon. secretaries to the committee.
The Bishop of Limerick announced that Arch-
bishop Croke authorised him to say that he
desired to take part in the movement. A list
was then opened, and over one hundred
pounds was subscribed in the room.


Address from the Catholics of Ireland.
(Presented Saturday, April 10, 1880.)

On Saturday afternoon an influential depu-
tation from Ireland waited upon Cardinal
Newman, at the Oratory, Birmingham, to
present his Eminence with an Address of Con-
gratulation on behalf of the Roman Catholic
people of Ireland.

Among the deputation were Lord O'Hagan, the Arch-
bishop of Dublin, the Bishop of Galway, the Coadjutor-
Archbishop of Tuam, the Bishop of Limerick, the Bishop
of Clogher, Viscount Gormanston, Lord Emly, the Lord
Chief Baron Palles, Lord Chief Justice Morris, Mr.
Justice Barry, Mr. Justice Flanagan, Mr. Errington,
M.P., the Very Rev. N. Walsh, S.J., the Very Rev. Dr.
Molloy (Vice-president of the Roman Catholic Univer-
sity), Mr. J. O'Hagan, Q.C., Mr. J. H. Monahan, Q.C.,
Mr. R. P. Carson, Q.C., Dr. J. S. Hughes, Mr. Ignatius
Kennedy, Mr. T. W. Flanagan, and others.

Lord O'Hagan read the following:

On behalf of the Catholics of
Ireland, we approach your Eminence to
congratulate you on your elevation to the
Sacred Purple, and to express the senti-
ments of reverence and affection with
which you have inspired them. . . . To
your high qualities and memorable acts
eloquent testimony has been borne in the
Addresses lately presented to your Emi-
nence, and we are conscious that no
words of ours can increase the universal
estimation which they have commanded.
But we remember with honest pride that
our country has had peculiar relations
with you ; and as Catholic Irishmen we
cannot refrain from the special utterance
of our feelings towards one who has been


so signally our friend and benefactor. In
the prime of your years and the fulness
of your fame you came to do us service.
You left your home and those who were
most dear to you, and the engagements
and avocations in which you had found
your happiness, to labour for our intel-
lectual and moral well-being. You dedi-
cated yourself to the improvement of the
higher education of our people a work
as noble in conception as it was difficult
in execution ; and whatever success that
work has achieved, or may achieve here-
after, must be largely attributed to your
Eminence. Of the wisdom of your ad-
ministration as Rector of the Catholic
University, the untiring toil you gave to
all its details, and the enthusiastic attach-
ment which bound to you its professors,
its students, and all who came within the
sphere of your influence, the memory has
survived your departure, and is still fresh
amongst us. And when you returned to
England you left behind many precious
and enduring memorials of your presence
in the beautiful collegiate church, which
we owe in great measure to you; the dis-
courses you delivered within its walls,
unsurpassed even among your own incom-
parable sermons; the excellent periodicals,
the Atlantis and Gazette, which you
brought into existence and enriched by
some of the finest of your compositions;
and above all those lectures and essays
on University Education, abounding in


ripe erudition, suggestive thought, perfect
language, and sage counsel on matters
affecting the highest human interest,
which are a possession of incalculable
worth to Ireland and the world. We
cannot forget the words of cordial kind-
ness in which you have proved so often
your sympathy with the Irish race, and
encouraged them to find in the remem-
brance of their faithfulness to their old
religion the pledge and promise of a
happier future. For these reasons we,
who have watched your career with con-
stant admiration and unwavering con-
fidence, desire to offer you our homage,
in union with that which has been
tendered to you so abundantly on every
side. You have not been altogether
spared the dishonouring misconceptions
which have been the portion of the best
and greatest of mankind. But they have
ceased to trouble you. Your endowments
of heart and intellect have compelled a
recognition quite unexampled in its un-
animity and earnestness ; and we have
come to-day, on the part of the Roman
Catholic people of Ireland, to join in the
applause with which the nations of
Christendom have hailed your enrolment
among the Princes of the Church, and to
proclaim their reverential gratitude to the
Sovereign Pontiff for the gracious act by
which he has marked his appreciation
of your labours, and crowned them with
the highest earthly sanction.


Reply to the Address from the
Catholics of Ireland.


I should be strangely con-
stituted if I were not deeply moved
by the Address which your Lordship
has done me the honour of presenting
to me, on occasion of my elevation
by the grace of the Sovereign Pontiff
to a seat in the Sacred College.

It almost bewilders me to receive
an expression of approval, so warm,
so special, so thorough, from men so
high in station, ecclesiastical and
civil, speaking, too, as they avow,
in behalf of a whole Catholic people ;
and in order to this giving themselves
the inconvenience and fatigue of a
long journey in the midst of their
serious occupations. But while I
reply to their commendation of me
with somewhat of shame from the
consciousness how much more I
might have done, and how much
better, still my reverence for them
obliges me to submit myself to their
praise as to a grave and emphatic
judgment upon me, which it would be
rude to question, and unthankful not
to be proud of, and impossible ever
to forget.


But their Address is not only an
expression of their praise; it also con-
veys to me from Ireland a message
of attachment. It is a renewal and
enlargement of a singular kindness
done to me a year ago, and even
then not for the first time. I have
long known what good friends I have
in Ireland ; they in their affection
have taken care that I should know
it, and the knowledge has been at
times a great support to me. They
have not been of those who trust a
man one day and forget him the
next ; and, though I have not much
to boast of in most points of view, I
will dare to say, that, if, on my
appointment to a high post in Ireland,
I came there with the simple desire
and aim to serve a noble people, who
I felt had a great future, deeply sen-
sible of the trust, but otherwise, I
may say, without thought of myself
if this creates a claim upon your re-
membrance, I can with a good con-
science accept it.

And here I am led on to refer to a
special circumstance on which you
touch with much delicacy and sym-
pathy, and which I can hardly avoid,
since you mention it, namely, the
accident that in past years I have not


always been understood, or had justice
done to my real sentiments and inten-
tions, in influential quarters at home
and abroad. I will not deny that on
several occasions this has been my
trial, and I say this without assuming
that I had no blame myself in its
coming upon me. But then I re-
flected that, whatever pain that trial
might cost me, it was the lightest
that I could have, that a man was
not worth much who could not bear
it ; that, if I had not had this, I
might have had a greater ; that I was
conscious to myself of a firm faith in
the Catholic Church, and of loyalty
to the Holy See, that I was and had
been blest with a fair measure of suc-
cess in my work, and that prejudice
and misconception did not last for
ever. And my wonder is, as I feel
it, that the sunshine has come out so
soon, and with so fair a promise of
lasting through my evening.

My Lord and Gentlemen, in speak-
ing so much of myself I feel I must
be trying your patience ; but you have
led me on to be familiar with you. I
will say no more than to offer a
prayer to the Author of all good, that
the best blessings may descend from
Him on all those who have taken


part in this gracious act, exercised
towards one who has so faint a claim
on their generosity.


April 10, 1880.

[This Reply closes the Addresses from Ireland, of
which there were five. The following letter represents the
mind of many towards Dr. Newman who had not the
opportunity of expressing it.]

LIMERICK, March 20, 1879.


I fear I am coming a little late with
my congratulations. They are, however, very
sincere and cordial. I do not know that any
event in the ecclesiastical world ever gave me
more real joy than your elevation to the Car-
dinalate. I have been desiring it, and speaking
of it, as a thing that ought to be and now
that it is come I have a right to rejoice. It is
strongly in my mind but this is perhaps a
delusion that amongst your many claims to
favour and honour at the hands of the Church,
what you did for Ireland in connection with
the Catholic University was not, and could not
have been forgotten by our Holy Father. You
laboured hard and suffered much, and made
many sacrifices in our cause whilst you were
with us ; and you did this because you loved
our nation, and you wished to give effect, as no
one else could with equal power, to the behests
of the Holy Father in our regard. It is most
pleasant to me to think that Leo XIII., who
loves us too, has remembered this, and that it
has counted for something amongst the weighty
reasons that moved him to call you to his side
as one of his most eminent and trusted coun-

You will hardly, I fear, remember me, and

therefore let me mention, and this is my
apology for writing so much that I claim to
be an old acquaintance of yours. When you
came here twenty years ago to preach for us, it
was my privilege to have charge of you, and
to be somewhat with you and about you. You
have no doubt forgotten this why should you
remember it but it has been always a fresh
and most pleasing memory of mine. Let me
then express to you my unqualified joy at your
elevation to the foremost rank in the Church
of which you have deserved so well, and say
ex intimo corde (though you may not desire
this) ad tmdtos annos.

Believe me to be,

Most devotedly yours,




[The Cardinal's discourse to the Brothers of the
Little Oratory, for which at its close they thank him
in the following Address, has been very imperfectly pre-
served ; through the crowd, the pressure, and distance
from the speaker, only very fragmentary notes of it
were taken down. Nor had the Cardinal any notes of
his own. At almost the last moment he had to change
the subject he had chosen, because he found that the
audience he was to address were likely to be strangers
to his intended line of thought. He actually spoke
on some traits of character in St. Philip which had
hitherto been little brought forward, but to which his
attention had recently been drawn by Cardinal Cape-
celatro's Life of St. Philip Neri, then in course of trans-
lation by Fr. Thomas Pope.

The discourse was given on the Sunday which fell
in the period during which he was entertained, as Car-
dinal, by the Duke of Norfolk, at Norfolk House. It is
printed in close lines to mark it off as put together from
shorthand notes, and without the Cardinal's revision.
So far as can be gathered from notes taken at the time,
it ran as follows.]

Reminding his hearers that they were now
in the month in which St. Philip was taken to
his reward, and that it was therefore natural
to have special thought of him at that time,


he drew out St. Philip's self-restraint in not
bringing himself into notice, even on occasions
of great interest to him. He instanced, first,
the attempted condemnation of the writings of
Savonarola, next, the movement in advocacy
of the removal of the ecclesiastical censures
on Henry IV. which barred the recognition by
the Church of his right to the throne of
France. Both these questions were of most
exciting interest, and among the most impor-
tant ecclesiastical and political questions of the

It might on first thought seem unlikely and
even foreign to St. Philip's character that he
should have an opinion at all on such subjects
as these. He was not of such station as
would make it in place for him to come for-
ward ; nor was he likely to be sought out ; for,
hiding, as he ordinarily did, his gifts and ac-
quirements, he was to those who did not know
him, or who saw but little of him, as many
another, a very good man, a holy man, but
nothing more ; they did not think him any-
thing out of the way. He went on in his own
good and quiet way, but, for all that, he had
great thoughts within him, he had strong
feelings on what he saw to be injustice and
wrong ; he had learning, too, to guide him
thereon ; and when appealed to by responsible
persons, it was found that, in the absence of
duty to speak, his sense of propriety had
claimed his silence, and that his reserve had
been only that which beseemed his position.
" Thus it was," the Cardinal continued, " that
as regards questions bearing on the welfare of
religion, he had a distinct view, and a deep
feeling, and an interior illumination, and on
appeal such as has been named he could espouse
the cause he believed to be right, with a
knowledge of the subject, and with a keen-
ness, I was going to say fierceness, of energy,
that would be, as it was in the cause of
Henry IV., most powerful."

The Cardinal described the gaining the
cause of Savonarola's writings the well-
known miracle of St. Philip's prayer. He
noticed in passing that St. Philip was a
Florentine and in his youth a frequenter of
S. Marco, Savonarola's convent, whose Fathers
he ever held in grateful memory for the
spiritual benefits he had there received.



" This would naturally," said the Cardinal,
" have added to the feeling, the very deep
feeling in his heart, of the holiness, if I may
say so, or at least, if not of the holiness, of
the very great work of the Florentine Domini-
can." *

From speaking of Henry IV. and his ad-
versities, arising as they did from the imputa-
tion of insincerity to him, he was led on to
speak of detraction generally, but especially as
it is seen in imputation of motives. " I think
that detraction," so the notes run, " is not a
fault which Catholics are so prone to as those
who are not Catholics, at least according to
my observation, which, I dare say, is not great ;
still, it comes before one again and again,
how greatly detraction prevails in the world
generally, especially in the political and pro-
fessional worlds, and towards prominent men.
If a person deserves wrong motives being at-
tributed to him well and good ; there are
times when we all have to bear witness and
protest, and there are instances in which it is
a matter of duty to speak ; but how often it
takes place without any really good cause or
reason, and comes from those it does not con-
cern and how recklessly, with an absence,
it would seem, of a sense of its being wrong
to criticise other people and say sharp things
of them. They think it fair because the back
is turned." He brought out the unkindness
and the cruelty of this, though the cause o*f it
often lay not in wrong intention, but, in the
human mind there is a restlessness because it
is not able, by putting this and that together,
to find out why something has been done, and
this, he said, is why people impute motives.
" And this leads, I do not say to envy, but
rather to jealousy of another's praise and thus
we have some sly word, or hint, or insinua-
tion, some little detraction, whether true or
false, as though there were a determination that
what is to another's praise shall not pass
unchallenged. And thus, too, we have the
case of persons who condemn with faint
praise, and insinuate what is against a person,
though the form in which it comes seems to
be praise." An example of this was to be

* Savonarola, put to death, 1498. St. Philip Neri, born


found in a play, where, as he could call it to
mind, the plot turns upon a love of scandal,
and a kind of restless eagerness, and a desire,
from habit, to speak ill of others.

In contrast to this he showed the charity
of St. Philip, instancing occasions both when
censuring others, or bearing blame himself,
how mindful, notwithstanding his deep feeling,
he is found to be of the duty of charity,
how steadfast to the ethical truths taught
by St. Paul. I could read you, the Cardinal
said, passages from St. Paul where again and
again he tells us to put down all cruelty,
bitterness towards each other and when he
speaks of charity what is it but the contrary
of all that I have described and so, too,
when he speaks of charity thinking no evil ;
" let love be without dissimulation," and
then also when he says so beautifully, "let
your modesty * be known to all men " what
does he mean but your moderation, your
not claiming all you might claim, your not
insisting on your rights, and the like ; but in-
stead, having that sweet, harmonious, musical
state of mind, which is so wanting in the
world, and which would make the world so
much better.

From this contrast between the charity of
St. Philip and the cruel ways of the world,
he was led to speak of the great devotion of
St. Philip to St. Paul a devotion remarkable
towards one so very unlike himself, St. Paul
violent, St. Philip so gentle ; the one going
round the world, and hither and thither,
making converts to the faith, the other abiding
in one city drawing souls to God. " Charitas
Dei diffusa est in cordibus nostris per spiritum
sanctum qui datus est nobis " are the words
of St. Paul which Holy Church applies to St.
Philip on his Feast-day. Both had that prin-
ciple in their hearts which makes men alike
though differing in much that deep principle,
that characteristic of all Saints a love of God
that sovereign principle which the world
knows not, but with the possession of which
the troubles of the world neither vex nor fret.

Then closing his discourse he said : ** You
recollect the lines of the poet though by a
Protestant poet, they are beautiful lines :

* iirieiKeia, sweet-reasonableness. Matt. Arnold.


1 Thou art the source and centre of all minds
Their only point of rest, Eternal Word,
From Thee departing, they are lost, and rove
At random, without honour, hope, or peace.
From Thee is all that soothes the life of man,
His high endeavour and his glad success,
His strength to suffer and his will to serve.
But oh, Thou Sovereign Giver of all good,
Thou art of all Thy gifts Thyself the crown ;
Give what Thou canst, without Thee we are poor,
And with Thee rich, take what Thou wilt away.'

Let us ever keep in mind, and be sure
there is no good in the world there is no
good except it be found in Almighty God
and the love of Him ; His word is faithful,
and if we depend upon Him He will never
be untrue to us, but He will be with us to
the end."

From Fr. Sebastian Bowden as Pre-
fect of the Little Oratory, London.


I beg leave, on behalf of the
brotherhood, to offer their sincere thanks
for your presence here this day, and for
the words your Eminence has spoken. It
was their wish to express in an Address
the admiration, respect, and gratitude they
entertain for your Eminence; but these ex-
pressions have already been made known
to you in the Address presented long since*
by the Congregation to which they are

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