John Henry Newman.

Addresses to Cardinal Newman with his replies, etc., 1879-81 online

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delay in answering it, and impute it not to
sloth, or to unbecoming neglect, but simply
to necessity. I hope that I shall soon be in
Rome, and then you will, I know, with your
wonted goodness, tell me with your own lips
that you forgive me.*

* [See Appendix, p. 309, for original Italian and Latin
of I. and III. above.]

Concerning the second, the letter to the Pope, it can
be said that Dr. Newman had somehow received from
Rome the question as he described it : " Are you coming
to Rome, or are you not ? " and he considered or knew
that it had been prompted by the Pope.

The [last] letter, as given, is probably the first throw
off or the substance of what he [Dr. Newman] had in
mind to say in his intended reply. The text of it is in-
terlined upon a similarly rough copy of a letter to Fr.
Rossi, of the Roman Oratory. As the letter that went to
Fr. Rossi is dated March 23, 1879, that, therefore, may be
taken as about the date of [II. and III.]. The two letters
had already been sent to Rome before the Cardinal left
England. They are not dated. The first letter to Cardinal
Nina (II.) may be assumed to be the rough copy in
English of the reply to the official notification to him of
the Pope's intention, a translation, in all probability, of
what actually went.

[As Cardinal Nina's letter appears in Italian, not Latin,
Dr. Newman may have written his reply in English.]



ADDRESSES

TO

CARDINAL NEWMAN

WITH

HIS REPLIES, ETC.



The Paragraph in The Times, February,
18, 1879, that led to the earlier letters.

M We are informed that Pope Leo XIII.
has intimated his desire to raise Dr. Newman
to the rank of Cardinal, and that, with expres-
sions of deep respect for the Holy See, Dr.
Newman has excused himself from accepting
the Sacred Purple. It is understood that some
years ago the late Pope offered the Prelacy to
Dr. Newman, who declined it in the same
spirit which has caused him now to shrink
from the higher dignity."

[The more attention was drawn to this paragraph from
its being printed in unusually large letters.] *



From the Jesuit Community, St. Beitno's
College, North Wales.

Feb. 21, 1879.
DEAR FATHER NEWMAN,

The good news that reached us
yesterday, that the Holy Father has laid
at your Reverence's feet the highest

* The rule for the use of the different sizes of type is,
with few exceptions, the following :

The largest for the Cardinal's Replies.

The second for Addresses to him.

The third for newspaper extracts adapted to give an
idea of the course of events.

The translations are by one of the Fathers of The
Oratory, Birmingham.

The notes in brackets are by the Editor,

I



honours of the Church, has caused us
so much pleasure that we cannot refrain
from sending you a few lines to express
our heartfelt joy at the welcome an-
nouncement. It is by a happy coinci-
dence that we are able at the same time
to convey to you our sincere congratu-
lations on the occasion of your y8th
birthday. We rejoice to hear that, at the
evening of a long life devoted to the
service of God and His Church, the ex-
alted dignity of the Church's princedom
has been offered for your acceptance ; we
rejoice still more when we look back on
the seventy years and more which are
to-day completed, and think of all that
you have done and suffered for the cause
of Truth.

Your Reverence is not unaware of the
deep affection and high esteem in which
you are held among us. We are all of
us in some way or other indebted to you.
Some of us are bound to you by the
strong ties of personal gratitude. The
best return we can make to you is the
prayers we shall to-morrow send up in
your behalf to the throne of God. Those
of us who have the opportunity of doing
so hope to offer for you the Holy Sacri-
fice of the Altar, and we shall all pray
God that He may crown the years which
still remain to you with the joy of one
who has fought the good fight and
earned the reward of peace and victory,
and that in the Church Triumphant you



may wear the crown which is laid up for
the Princes of the Kingdom of Heaven.

\Ve recommend ourselves to your
Reverence's Prayers and Holy Sacrifices,
and we remain,

Dear Father Newman,
Yours affectionately in Jesus Christ,

Thomas Rigby, S.J. ; Victor Frinz, S.J.; Bernard
Tepe, S.J.; Paul Rochford, S.J.; Wm. Syrett, S.J. ; John
Morris, S.J.; Francis dough, S.J.; Jerome Janin, S.J.;
Michael Gavin, S.J.; Bernard Vaughan, S.J.; Thomas P.
Brown, S.J. ; Peter J. Chandlery, S.J.; Richard Clarke,
S.J.; John Rickaby, S.J.; Wm. A. Sutton, S.J. ; Wilfrid
Mordaunt, S.J.; William Shapter, S.J.; Thomas A. Fin-
lay, S.J. ; William J. Burns, S.J.; William Hilton, S.J.;
Joseph Kenny, S.J. ; Parker Joseph Lander, S.J. ; Philip J.
Brady, S.J. ; Joseph Winkebried, S.J. ; Patrick Anderson,
S.J.; Frederick O'Hare, S.J.; Daniel Quigan, S.J.; Ed-
ward Williams, S.J.; Henry S. Hepburne, S.J. ; Joseph
H. Jerrard, S.J.; Peter M'Laughlin, S.J.; Wm. Philip
Edgcome, S.J. ; John P. A. Collins, S.J.; John S. Con-
mer, S.J. ; John Charnock, S.J. ; Edward Sidgreaves, S.J. ;
Henri Laventure, S.J. ; Henry Parker, S.J.; George
Postlewhite, S.J. ; Thos. A. Barker, S.J. ; Patk. Keating,
S.J. ; Charles Wilcock, S.J. ; John Sardi, S.J.

To the Jesuit Community at St.

Beuno's.

THE ORATORY, BIRMINGHAM, Feb. 22, 1879.
MY DEAR VERY REV. AND REV. FATHERS

AND BROTHERS,
I am too deeply moved, or
rather too much overcome, by your
letter to me of yesterday, my birthday,
to be able to answer it properly. For
such an answer I ought to be more
collected than I can be just now.

If I were not writing to Religious
Men it would be affectation in me
and want of taste, to say, what is



the real truth, that at the moment I
cannot address to you the thanks due
to you for your most loving words,
for I am full of the thought of the
goodness of God who has led you to
send them : Misericordias Domini in
(zternum cantabo.

Do you in your charity, my dear
friends, pray for me that I, an old
man, may not fail Him who has
never failed me ; that I may not by
my wilfulness and ingratitude lose
His Divine presence, His Sovereign
protection, His love, and that, having
been carried on by His undeserved
mercy almost to the brink of eternity,
I may be carried on safely into it.

Your humble and affectionate ser-
vant in Christ,

J. H. NEWMAN.



From Prior Gasquet for the Benedictines

of Downside.
ST. GREGORY'S, DOWNSIDE, Feb. 23, 1879.

VERY REV. AND DEAR FR. NEWMAN,

In my own name and that of
the community of St. Gregory's Monas-
tery, I desire to offer you our heartfelt
congratulations on the honour our Holy
Father has done you.

We can with truth say that there is
no one whom we would more gladly see
raised to the high dignity of Prince of



5

the Church than yourself, since there is
no one we more venerate and admire.

We one and all can recall many signal
benefits which you have conferred upon
us by your writings ; and many of us, in
this way, owe you a debt of gratitude
which can never be told.

Begging you then, Very Rev. Father,
to accept our humble congratulations,

I am,

Yours sincerely and with deep respect,

FRANCIS A. GASQUET,

Prior, O.S.B.

To Prior Gasqnet, O.S.B., of St.

Gregory's, Downside.
THE ORATORY, BIRMINGHAM, Feb. 24, 1879.

MY DEAR FR. PRIOR,

The reports about me, which
I am neither at liberty to affirm nor
deny, have been so far of immense
gain to me, in showing me the af-
fectionate feelings which so many of
my Catholic brethren, so many mem-
bers of holy communities entertain
towards me.

The drawback is my sense of the
impossibility of my answering them
worthily, of paying the debt which I
owe them for such kindness, and of
showing that I feel how great it is.

To receive so kind a letter as yours
from a Benedictine body is of special



gratification to me, in proportion as
my love and admiration of the Bene-
dictine order has been special.

Pray express all this to your good
Fathers, and believe me, begging
your and their prayers for me,

Most truly yours in Christ,
JOHN H. NEWMAN.



From Fr. Walford, S.J.
BEAUMONT LODGE, Feb. 27, 1879.

VERY REV. AND DEAR FATHER,

From Saturday afternoon till
yesterday morning I have had to aid in
entertaining a party of some forty old
Beaumont boys, who came down to
spend their Shrovetide at their old
school. But for this, I should have sent
you this line some days ago.

I now write at the request of Fr.
Cassidy, Rector, to convey to you in his
name, and in that of the other Fathers
and Brothers of our Community, our re-
spectful and at the same time our
heartiest congratulations on the high
honour lately conferred upon you by the
most august authority upon earth. It is
a matter of sincere and great rejoicing
to us that the services you have rendered
to the Catholic cause in England, and
to ourselves individually, by your writings
and example, as well as by your union
with the Society to which we belong in



loyal and unswerving devotion to the
Holy See, have met with so signal a
recognition and appreciation at the hands
of the Vicar of Jesus Christ Himself.
And you will forgive us if I add that,
while we should have been glad on our
own account, and on account of our fel-
low Catholics in England, to see you
actually invested with the Sacred Purple,
yet, as Religious of the Society of Jesus,
we cannot but admire and sympathise all
the more with the illustrious son of St.
Philip, whose love of humility and retire-
ment leads him, in the Spirit of his own
Holy Father as in that of ours, to shrink
from so exalted a position as that of a
Prince of the Church.

You will, I am sure, allow me to add
the assurance of my own special and
peculiar joy on this occasion.

Commending Fr. Rector, our Commun-
ity and College, and myself to your prayers,
with kindest regards to the Fathers of
the Oratory,

I remain, Very Rev. and dear Fr.,
Yours in all affection and respect,

J. T. WALFORD, S.J.

To Fr. \Vlford, S.J., of Beaumont

Lodge.

THE ORATORY, BIRMINGHAM, Mar. i, 1879.
MY DEAR FR. WALFORD,

You must not measure my
gratification and my gratitude to your



8

Very Rev. Fr. Rector and the other
Fathers and Brothers of your Com-
munity at Beaumont by the poor
words I am putting upon paper; for
I am confused and troubled by the
greatness of the honour which, from
what is so widely reported, I suppose
there is a prospect of being offered to
me, though in truth I cannot say it
has. But nothing can undo the fact
that the report has been so kindly
received and welcomed by my own
people, the Catholics of England, and
next by such large bodies of our Pro-
testant fellow-countrymen.

It will be a great relief to me if the
great offer is not made to me but, if
made, my way is not clear. I have a
reasonable apprehension that my re-
fusal would be taken by Protestants,
nay by some Catholics, as a proof
that at heart I am not an out and
out Son of the Church, and that it
may unsettle some Catholics, and
throw back enquirers. I know that
Unitarians, Theists, and Anticatholics
generally are earnest that I should
decline, whereas I hear of a wide-
spread feeling among Catholics that,
if I decline, I am " snubbing the
Pope".

I have suffered so much from the



obstinacy of all sorts of people to be-
lieve that I am a good Catholic that
this wonderful opportunity, if opened
on me, of righting myself in public
opinion must not be lost except for
very grave reasons.

Yours affectionately,
JOHN H. NEWMAN.



From tlie Chapter of Birmingham.
BIRMINGHAM, March 3, 1879.

DEAR DR. NEWMAN,

The Provost and Chapter of
Birmingham, having heard that the news
of your elevation to the Cardinalate is
confirmed, desire to offer you their
heartiest congratulations on so joyful an
event. On former occasions we have
had to thank you for eminent services
rendered to our holy religion in this
country under special critical circum-
stances, and we rejoice that those services
should now receive the solemn seal of
approbation from the Holy See, which
invests you with the Sacred Purple.

The clergy and the faithful of the
Diocese will, we know, desire to give
similar expression to their own feelings
as soon as they can communicate with
one another for this purpose. Hut the
Chapter being assembled to-day to cele-
brate the festival of St. Chad, Patron of



10

the Diocese, cannot separate without
sending you these few words on so
auspicious a day.

We remain, dear Dr. Newman,
Yours very sincerely in Christ,

R. Provost Bagnall; J. Canon Northcote ; W. Canon
Tandy; M. Canon O'Sullivan, V.G. ; E. Canon Knight;
Thomas Canon Longman ; Edward Canon Ilsley.



To the Provost and Canons of tlie
Chapter of Birmingham.

THE ORATORY, BIRMINGHAM, Mar. 4, 1879.

MY DEAR PROVOST AND CANONS,

The genuine kindness which
has led to your addressing me in
Chapter on the Feast of St. Chad,
now that I am expecting the greatest
event of my life, is but a fresh in-
stance of the warm and welcome sym-
pathy which you and your predecessors
and the clergy of Birmingham and
the diocese have shown me heretofore,
on such various occasions and so
opportunely. Never was a man sup-
ported and sustained more generously
and affectionately than I have been
in time of need. And now, when my
course is nearly run, you end as you
began some thirty years ago, bring-
ing up before me the memories of the
past, and renewing my gratitude for
old and recent acts of friendliness



II

from you and from others who have
gone to their reward. Praying that
you may be repaid in full measure,
as you will be, for all your goodness
towards me,

I am, my dear Friends,
Most sincerely yours in Christ,
JOHN H. NEWMAN.



From Fr. Jones, Provincial of the

yes nits.
LONDON, W., March 4, 1879.

MY DEAR DR. NEWMAN,

As it is no longer doubtful that
the Holy Father has offered to you a
place in the College of Cardinals, and he
has done this so as to secure accept-
ance on your part, you will allow me, I
am sure, to offer you for myself and for
the English Province of the Society of
Jesus our affectionate and respectful con-
gratulations. The news has been to
us a source of singular and unmixed
pleasure, and we have many reasons
to thank God and the Holy Father for
the wise and graceful act by which you
are chosen for the highest dignity in the
Church.

I don't think anything less than this
would satisfy the great body of Catholics
in England and Ireland that the charac-
ter and greatness of the services you



12

have rendered to the Church and to the
Holy See were understood in Rome. We
have at length reason to know that they
are understood, and their recognition and
approval will win the hearts of many to
the Vicar of Christ and bind more closely
to him those that are already his.

I hope that God will spare you long
to guide the hearts of many that are
turning towards you, and to use the
great influence that he has given you for
the honour and service of our Mother,

the Church.

Believe me,

Yours most respectfully,
J. JONES.

To Fr. yones, S.jf., Provincial.
THE ORATORY, BIRMINGHAM, March 5, 1879.

MY DEAR FR. PROVINCIAL,

Your letter was as great a
surprise to me as a pleasure.

I know we must look elsewhere for
the true approbation of our doings ;
but in sincerity I say that there could
not here below be a notice of me,
favourable to my attempts in past
times to serve religious objects, which
is more grateful to me, pr has given
me more deep satisfaction, than the
congratulations sent at this time by a
body of men so highly endowed as
your Fathers.



13

I am very conscious of the great
imperfection of those attempts ; but it
is a great thing to know how kindly
your Fathers think of the upshot of
them, and how warm an interest they
take in me personally.

That their generosity may be re-
turned in blessings on themselves is
the sincere prayer of

Yours most truly in Christ,
JOHN H. NEWMAN.



Front the Fathers of The Oratory at
Naples.

March 5, 1879.

CHARISSIME ET REVERENDISSIME PATER,

Quod Te, Reverendissime in
Christo Pater, Pontifex Maximus inter
Romanae Ecclesiae Cardinales nuper ad-
sciverit, et fama nobis undique innotuit
et animos nostros quam maxima laetitia
affecit. Tanti enim Te facimus, tantum
amamus, tamque arcto inter se Angliae et
Neapolis Congregationes amoris vinculo
junguntur, ut honorem tuum, Pater Char-
issime, veluti nostrum computemus.

Quapropter Tibi Neapolitanae Congre-
gationis Oratorii nomine de dignitate jure
meritoque delata valde gratulor; idque eo
libentius elatioribusque rationibus facio,
quo Te dignum plane Divi Philippi Nerii
filium hujusmodi honores parvi pendere



14

scio. Verum hoc mihi animo inest, ideo
Providissimum Deum his diebus Te ad
tantam dignitatem evexisse, ut bono Ec-
clesiae suae, in Anglia praesertim, mirifice
consulat : maximasque Deo ago gratias
quod ad uberiores fructus in Ecclesia
colligendos Beati Patris Philippi filium
optimum adhibere dignatus est.

Talia animo agentes turn ego turn
omnes meae Congregationis Patres Deum
obtestamur, ut Te magis ac magis sua
gratia cumulet. Ego autem tuas omni-
umque tuae Congregationis Patrum preces
specialiter enixeque efflagitans, Tibi,
Reverendissime Pater, magno obsequio
aeque ac mentis affectu scias me devinc-
tum esse volo.

Reverentiae Tuae
Addictissimus et Amantissimus,
P. ALPHONSUS CAPECELATRO,

Praepositus.

Dat. Neapoli ex aed. Congr is Orat. vulgo
Girolamini V. Id. Martii MDCCCLXXIX.
Admodum Reverendo Patri,
JOANNI HENRICO NEWMAN,
Congr. Orat. Birmingham in Anglia
Praeposito.



To Fr. Capecelatro, Superior of The
Oratory at Naples.

PATER CHARISSIME ET REVEREN-
DISSIME,

Vetera tua erga me beneficia
et fraternitatis in S. Philippe pignora,



is

Colendissime Pater, turn tua ipsius,
turn ilia quibus Congregatio Neapoli-
tana et singuli ejus Patres annis
praeteritis nos cumulaverunt, jam novo
charitatis documento coronasti, in ilia
acceptissima Epistola quae scripta in
Tuo et Tuorum nomine hodie ad me
venit.

Gratissimo et effusissimo animo Pa-
ternitates omnes vestras amplector et
foveo, qui me vetulum tarn sincera be-
nevolentia et sympathia hoc tempore
in memoria vestra habuistis, cum Sanc-
tissimus Pontifex me in tarn sublimem
dignitatem inopinata et admirabili be-
nignitate evehere sibi proposuit.

Precamini pro me, dulcissime Pater,
et omnes Patres tui, ut curriculum vitae
meae, jam prope emensum, fauste et
feliciter conficiam, in fide et spe bona
et charitate quae operit multitudinem
peccatorum.

Reverentiae Tuae

Observantissimus et Amantissimus,
JOANNES HENRICUS NEWMAN.

Praep. Orat., Birm.
Apud Birmingham, die Mart. 16,
A.D 1879. Admodum Rev. Pat.
ALFONSO CAPECELATRO., etc., etc.,
Neapolis.



i6



From Fr. Capecelatro for the Fathers of
The Oratory at Naples.

VERY DEAR AND VERY REV. FATHER,

We hear on all sides, to our very
great joy, that the Holy Father has an-
nounced his intention to number you among
the Cardinals of the Roman Church. We
esteem you so highly, and love you so
warmly, and a bond so close connects the
English Oratory with that of Naples, that
we look on all honour done to you, as our
own.

Wherefore, in the name and on behalf
of the Naples Congregation of the Oratory,
I very cordially congratulate you on the
dignity so duly and so deservedly conferred
on you ; and I do this the more readily,
and from still higher motives, because I
know that you, as becomes a worthy son of
St. Philip, set small store by honours of
this kind, for their own sake. But I feel
very deeply that God, in His ever wise and
watchful Providence, has raised you to this
great dignity for the good of the Church,
and especially in England ; and I rejoice
greatly and bless Him that He has vouch-
safed to call so good a son of St. Philip
to gather into His Church a still more
abundant harvest.

With these thoughts and feelings both I
and all the Fathers of our Congregation
implore God to multiply more and more
His grace upon you; and I very especially
and earnestly ask your prayers, and those



17

of the Fathers of your Congregation, and
hold myself bound to you, very Rev.
Father, by every tie of reverence and loving
regard.

Your Reverence's

Most Devoted and Affectionate

ALFONSO CAPECELATRO,

Superior.

Given at Naples, from the House of the Con-
gregation of the Oratory, commonly called
Girolamini, March n, 1879.



To Fr. Capecelatro, Superior of The
Oratory at Naples.

THE ORATORY, BIRMINGHAM, Mar. 16, 1879.

VERY REV. AND DEAR FATHER,

You have now, by the very
welcome letter which I have to-day
received, written in your own name
and in that of your Community, put
the crown to the long series of kind-
nesses and tokens of brotherhood in
vSt. Philip, which your Congregation and
its several Fathers have shown us all
along in the years that are past.

I embrace you all and cherish you
with grateful heart for remembering me,
an old man and infirm, with such cor-
dial kindness and sympathy, now that
the Holy Father has proposed, with
unlocked for and wonderful goodness,
to raise me to a dignity so high.



18

Pray for me, my dear Father, you
and all your Fathers, that I may well
and happily end my course, now so
nearly run out, in faith and hope and
in the chanty which covers the multi-
tude of sins.

Your Reverence's
Most Devoted and Affectionate
JOHN H. NEWMAN.



From Abbot Smith, O.S.B.
THE PRIORY, LITTLE MALVERN, Mar. 8, 1879.

DEAR DR. NEWMAN,

Now that your elevation is happily
assured, I, as Provincial of Canterbury,
O.S.B., hasten to offer in the name of our
Missionary Fathers our united hearty con-
gratulations on the dignity and honour
which have been bestowed upon you. To
one and all of the English Benedictine
Congregation it is a source of deep satisfac-
tion. Please then accept this expression of
our united congratulations, and our hope and
prayer that you may live long to help
forward, as hitherto, the honour and glory
of Holy Church.

Your faithful servant in Christ,

THOMAS CUTHBERT SMITH,
Prov. Cantuar., O.S.B.



19

To Abbot Smith, O.S.B.
THE ORATORY, BIRMINGHAM, Mar. 9, 1879.

MY DEAR ABBOT SMITH,

It is a great consolation to
me to receive such letters as yours,
and I beg to return to you and your
Fathers my best thanks for your con-
gratulations.

I hope you will not forget me in
your holy prayers.

Your faithful servant in Christ,
JOHN H. NEWMAN.



From Fr. Amherst, S.y., Glasgow.
ST. ALOYSIUS' COLLEGE, March 9, 1879.

VERY REV. AND DEAR DR. NEWMAN,

I have just seen in the Tab-
let of this week a confirmation of the
report which we had heard, that our
Holy Father was about to confer upon
your Reverence the great dignity of Cardi-
nal. I hasten to offer to you my humble
congratulations, and to say how de-
lighted I feel at the joyful news, not only
because it will confer the highest honour
upon yourself, who have rendered such
extraordinary services to the Church, but
also because the happy event is a great
glory to our portion of the Church in
England. You will receive many con-



20

gratulations more pleasing than mine,
because they will come from old and
intimate friends, but you will receive
none more sincere. All the members of
the Society in Glasgow share with me
the sentiments I have expressed. Again,
and in their name also, I beg to offer
your Reverence our heartfelt congratu-
lations.

I remain, Rev. dear Dr. Newman,

Most respectfully and sincerely

yours in Christ,
WM. J. AMHERST, S.J.



To Fr. Amherst, S.jf.
THE ORATORY, BIRMINGHAM, Mar. 9, 1879.

MY DEAR FR. AMHERST,

It is an extreme pleasure to
me to receive such letters as yours,
and a special pleasure to be so kindly
addressed on this solemn occasion, for
so I feel it to be, by your Fathers
both in England and now in Scot-
land.

God's ways are wonderful. I can
say no more. I can but beg you and
your Fathers about you to accept my
best thanks, which are a poor return,
but all I have to give.

Most truly yours in Christ,
JOHN H. NEWMAN.



21

From Fr. Gerard, S.y., St. Francis
Xavier's College, Liverpool.

March n, 1879.
DEAR DR. NEWMAN,

The members both of our Com-
munity and College have commissioned
me, on occasion of their anniversary of
honour done by the Church to St. Philip
and St. Ignatius,* to convey to you our
most hearty sympathy for the honour which
from the same source has come to you.

We are not so public a body as to en-
title us to address you in what I may
call official form, but while we feel it to
be a benefit that we should spare you


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