John Henry Newman.

Addresses to Cardinal Newman with his replies, etc., 1879-81 online

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of whatever religious profession and of
many others throughout the world- when
we assure you of the very great satisfac-
tion and pleasure with which we received
the announcement of your proposed ele-
vation to the Cardinalate and of your
subsequent acceptance of the dignity by
desire of the Holy Father. It would be
superfluous for us to enlarge upon those
merits to which so unanimous and just
a tribute is being offered on all sides.
But we are anxious to convey to you this
special expression of our feelings, both
personally and as Oblates of St. Charles
having received a mark of your regard,
which we much prize, in the dedication
of a volume of your Sermons on the oc-
casion of the opening of our Church.
Nor do we forget that the memory of
our illustrious Founder and Patron is
closely associated with that of your own
St. Philip Neri.

We will only add our most earnest
prayer that God may be pleased to pro-
long your years in the possession of this
new dignity, in order that you may con-
tinue your labours for the advancement
of His truth and the benefit of His
Church in this land ; towards which you
have been enabled by His blessing to
contribute so largely in your past life.


Begging you to accept this testimony
of our respect and esteem, we remain,
Very Rev. and dear Father,
Yours very sincerely,

Cuthbert Robinson, Superior; H. A. Rawes, Thomas
Dillon, Robert Butler, Walter J. B. Richards, Henry
M. Bayley, Edward Lescher, Cyril W. Forster, Cyril
Ryder, Francis J. Kirk, R. F. Collins, Septimus
Andrews, W. H. Kirwan, W. W. Cook, A. V. Miller,
Francis M. Wyndham, Joseph S. Tasker, John Keating,
James Butler, Archibald J. J. McDonell.

To the Oblates of St. Charles, Bays-



It is indeed most pleasant to
me to receive letters such as that
which, with your several signatures
attached, you have been so good as
to address to me.

Whose praise, whose sympathy,
next to the approbation of the Holy
Father, can I covet more, than that
of a body of priests so highly es-
teemed for their own sake, so im-
portant from their position, as the
Oblates of St. Charles?

And you increase the value ot
your act by giving prominence to its
personal character. It becomes the
token of a faithful memory on your
part of the interest which I took in
you on your first establishment,


twenty-two years ago, and a graceful
response to the lines which at that
time I ventured to address to my old
acquaintance your illustrious Founder.

Impressed with this instance of
good-will, I shall not be content
unless you continue your religious
thoughts of me in time to come, as
generously as you have bestowed
them on me in the extended period
gone by.

I am, my dear Fathers,

Your faithful servant in Christ,

From the President of Trinity College,



I have been requested to make
known to you that it has been unani-
mously resolved that "The President and
Fellows of Trinity desire to offer their
most sincere congratulations to the Very
Rev. J. H. Newman on his nomination
to the rank of Cardinal; and to assure
him of the deep sympathy of the College,
which is at once his earliest and latest
in Oxford, on an occasion of such great
and general interest and such personal
moment to himself; and to record their
hope that he may long be spared to


fill the high position to which he has
been called ".

Whilst conveying this imperfect expres-
sion of our feeling I trust that, although
I am at present personally a stranger to
you, I may be permitted to look forward
to the pleasure of offering you hospitality
at my lodgings on some early occasion.
I have the honour to remain,

Dear Sir,
Yours very faithfully,

J. PERCIVAL, President.

To the President of Trinity College,



I had been looking out, ever
since I heard of your election, for the
time when you would come into resi-
dence, and when I might be allowed
to pay my respects to you and now
you anticipate me with so kind an
invitation, and such warm congratula-
tions on my recent promotion, from
yourself and your Fellows.

I hope you and they will under-
stand how very pleasant it is to me
to find the events which happen to
me a subject of such friendly interest
to my friends at Trinity, and with
what pride I reflect that, if a histori-


cal title and high ecclesiastical dis-
tinction goes for anything in college
estimation, I shall be thought, when
the name of a Cardinal appears on
your list of members, not to have
done discredit to your generous act of
last year, when you singled me out
for your honorary Fellowship.
I am, dear Mr. President,
With much respect,
Sincerely yours,


P.S. As to my movements, at
present I am quite uncertain where I
shall be in the weeks before us ; but
I certainly shall not forget your kind

From Prior Buckler, O.P., of the
Dominican Priory, Woodchester,

March 29, 1879.


Although we are not the first to
address you on the event of your eleva-
tion to the Cardinalate, still we hold no
second place in the regard we have, and
ever have had, for you.

We have, from the first rumour of the
happy event, watched the action of the
Holy See and of yourself with great fears

4 6

and equally great hopes ; and now at
last we thank God, and congratulate our-
selves as we rejoice over you.

The hidden nature of your private life
has always edified us, and the bold and
fearless way with which you have uttered
or written your words of power, when
called upon, make us feel that we owe a
debt of deep gratitude to you.

We offer for you our most fervent
prayers and beg your blessing, and re-

Very Rev. dear Father,

Yours most respectfully,
and the Community.

To the Prior and Community of the
Dominican Priory at Woodchester.

Your letter in the name of
yourself and brethren is most kind.
This is a trying time for me, and it
needs the prayers for me of all who
take an interest in my past and
future. Especially, I rely on those of
holy Religious, such as you ; for I
know they will be both given to me
and will be efficacious.

Most sincerely yours in Christ,


Address from the Irish Catholic Mem-
bers of the House of Commons.
(Presented on Friday, April 4, 1879.)

The Irish Catholic Members of Parliament
met the Very Rev. Dr. Newman on Friday
in Mr. Allies's library for the purpose of
presenting an address of congratulation on
his elevation to the Cardinalate.

The Members present were The O'Conor Don, Sir
Joseph McKenna, Sir G. Bowyer, Bart., Right Hon. W.
H. Cogan, The O'Clery, Colonel Colthurst, Major Nolan,
Major O'Beirne, Serjeant Sherlock, Sir P. O'Brien, Bart.,
The O'Donoghue, Messrs. Biggar, Callan, Collins, Dease,
Dclahunty, Ennis, Errington, A. Moore, O'Byrne, O'Con-
nor Power, Tynan, Sheil, etc.

Dr. Newman, who came from Birmingham
that morning expressly for the occasion, en-
tered the reception room shortly after noon.

Sir J. McKenna, addressing Dr. Newman,
explained that the address about to be pre-
sented was purposely couched in the simplest

To Dr. Newman.
HOUSE OF COMMONS, March 25, 1879.


We, the undersigned Irish Catho-
lic Members of Parliament, beg leave to
offer you our heartfelt congratulations
and to express to you with great respect
the sincere satisfaction with which we
hail your elevation to the Sacred College.
In conferring on you this signal mark
of his favour, the Holy Father has met
the wishes and rejoiced the hearts of all
classes of your fellow-Catholics; for they
see in it a recognition of the lofty genius

4 8

you have devoted to the service of Reli-
gion, and the crowning of a life of self-

As Irishmen we specially welcome this
high tribute to the merits of one whose
sympathies have always been with our
country, and who devoted many years of
brilliant and devoted effort to her service
in the still unfinished battle for educa-
tional liberty.

With profound respect,
We are,

Very Rev. and dear Sir,
Your faithful servants,

George E. Brown, Louis Colthurst, W. A. Redmond,
Edward Sheil, Richard Power, Charles U. Meldon,
Nicholas Ennis, F. O'Beirne, M. Ward, J. Tynan,
Myles O'Reilly, Arthur Moore, R. T. Digby, O'Clery,
A. M. Sullivan, Joseph Neale McKenna, O'Donoghue,
John Brady, Joseph Biggar, J. G. McCarthy, John
Philip Nolan, Edmund Dease, W. R. O'Byrne, James
Delahunty, George Bowyer, Denis M. O'Conor, C. J.
Fay, Patrick O'Brien, Edward D Gray, W. O'Connor
Power, R. O'Shaughnessy, O'Conor Don, Charles
French, George Morris, J. H. Rich, H. A. Lewis, Philip
Callan, F. H. O'Donnell, David Sherlock, W. H.
O'Sullivan, N. D. Murphy, Eugene Collins, G. Erring-
ton, W. H. Cogan.

To the Catholic Members of Parlia-
ment for Ireland.

April 4, 1879.

This is a great day for me,
and it is a day which gives me^ great
pleasure too. It is a pleasure to
meet old friends, and it is a pleasure
to meet new ones. But it is not


merely as friends that I meet you,
for you are representatives of an an-
cient and faithful Catholic people for
whom I have a deep affection, and,
therefore, in receiving your congratu-
lations of course I feel very much
touched by your address ; but I hope
you will not think it strange if I say
that I have been surprised too, be-
cause while it is a great thing to
please one's own people, it is still
more wonderful to create an interest
in a people which is not one's own.
I do not think there is any other
country which would have treated me
so graciously as yours did. It is
now nearly thirty years since, with a
friend of mine, I first went over to
Ireland with a view to the engage-
ment which I afterwards formed
there, and during the seven years
through which that engagement
lasted, I had continuous experience
of kindness, and nothing but kind-
ness, from all classes of people
from the hierarchy, from the seculars
and regulars, and from the laity,
whether in Dublin or in the country.
Those who worked with me gave the
most loyal support and loving help.
As their first act they helped me in
a great trouble in which I was in-


volved. I had put my foot into an
unusual legal embarrassment, and it
required many thousand pounds to
draw me out of it. They took a
great share in that work. Nor did
they show less kindness at the end
of my time. I was obliged to leave
from the necessities of my own con-
gregation at Birmingham. Every-
body can understand what a diffi-
culty it is for a body to be without
its head, and I only engaged for
seven years, because I could not
otherwise fulfil the charge which the
Holy Father had put upon me in
the Oratory. When I left with re-
luctance and regret that sphere in
which I found so many friends, not
a word of disappointment or unkind-
ness was uttered, when there might
have been a feeling that I was re-
linquishing a work which I had be-
gun, and now I repeat that, to my
surprise, at the end of twenty years
I find a silent memory cherished of
a person who can only be said to
have meant well though he did little ;
and now what return can I make
to you to show my gratitude ? None
that is sufficient. But this I can
say, that your address shall not die
with me. I belong to a body which,

with God's blessing, will live after
me the Oratory of St. Philip. The
paper which is the record of your
generosity shall be committed to our
archives, and shall testify to genera-
tions to come the enduring kindness
of Irish Catholics towards the founder
and first head of the English Oratory.

[This Reply to the Catholic Members of Parliament
for Ireland, the first of Dr. Newman's public Replies,
was of necessity unprepared, for he did not receive
the draft of the Address until after the reception was
over; but it was written down by him and Mr. Allies
together at once after the gentlemen had left ; and it con-
tained, they believed, the very words he had used. He had
not had any experience of proceedings such as this, and he
was nervous and diffident about the result. However, on
entering the room, he at once felt at ease, and his
Reply, for its matter and delivery, and, indeed, in every
respect, was considered a great success. He gained
from this occasion a confidence in himself that he
would be equal to similar and other calls upon him
which his new position might bring.]

From the Archbishop of St. Andrews,
for the Bishops of Scotland.

EDINBURGH, April 8, 1879.


At a meeting of the Bishops
of Scotland last week the first that has
been held since information was received
that you were to be raised to the dignity
of Cardinal I was requested by the as-


sembled Bishops to send in their name
and my own our united congratulations
to you. We rejoice that it has pleased
the Holy Father, by nominating you to a
seat in the Sacred College, to show his
sense of the services which by your
writings and the influence of example
you have rendered to the Church, and we
sincerely hope, and earnestly pray, that
the opportunity of continuing these ser-
vices may be long granted to you along
with the enjoyment of your new and
well-earned dignity.
I remain,

Yours truly in Christ,

JOHN, Archbishop of St. Andrews

and Edinburgh.

To the Archbishop of St. Andrews
and the Bishops of Scotland.

April 9, 1879.


Next to the approbation of
the Holy Father as involved in the
high dignity to which he has raised
me is the rare token of good opinion
and of good-will which your Grace
conveys to me from yourself and your
brother Bishops of Scotland.

It is this echo of the Sovereign
Pontiff's voice which brings out to the
world the force of his Holiness' con-


descension, and gives such intenseness
to my gratification.

I expect soon to go to Rome ; it is
a great support to feel that your
special blessing, as conveyed to me in
the letter which I am acknowledging,
will accompany me into the Holy
Father's presence.

From the Bishop's Seminary, Olton,
near Birmingham.

April 12, 1897.

We, the students of the Dio-
cesan Seminary which at our Bishop's
request you kindly inaugurated, venture
to tell you with what pleasure we learn
that you have been called by the Sove-
reign Pontiff to a throne among the
Princes of the Church.

We rejoice that to your name has
been thus added a new title of honour
and to your person a fresh claim on
our veneration.

Our hearts are full of gratitude when
we call to mind the noble services you
have throughout your life rendered to
the cause of truth and religion. You
have fought the good fight, you have
guided many to their true home.

Whilst we gratefully acknowledge how


much we owe you, we raise our voice in
common with our fellow country-men to
thank the Holy Father who has been
pleased to confer on you so distinguished
a mark of his personal esteem and a
crowning recognition of your services to
the Church.

God grant you many years to wear
the Sacred Purple amongst us, and in
His own good time may He fill up the
measure of your reward and clothe you
in the white robes of those who reign for
ever in the kingdom of their Father.

E. Hymers, W. Waugh, J. Piris, J. Price, J. Giblin,
F. Crewe, D. Nunan, T. Kenny, E. Delaney, J. Hop-
wood, F. Keating, W. Byron, J. Atkins, A. Villers, H.
Whitgreave, T. Fitzpatrick.

An account of the presentation of the
Seminary Address on Holy Satur-
day, April 12, 1879.

DEAR . . .,

This is the account of what took
place when we presented our address just as I
wrote it down in my diary at the time.

Holy Saturday,

April 12, 1879.

" We took the Seminarists' Address to Dr.
Newman, at the Oratory, Edgbaston, in com-
pany with Mr. Crewe. Beyond all our hopes
we had an interview of near half an hour with
the saintly old man. He took us by surprise,
entering the room while we were expecting
Fr. Pope. He sat down with us, and I asked
him somewhat abruptly if he would not like
to see the address at once. With some little


trouble in getting the string undone (Dr.
Newman himself went and got us a knife
to cut it), we brought forth the address,
and put it on the mantel-piece, as it
happened, in a position very favourable to its
effect. Leaning on the mantel-piece he looked
at it for a moment or two and then com-
menced to read it. He read it carefully
through while we looked on in silence. As
he came to the end he said : " It is too
much, of course, but I know that it is
meant ". And then seeing the list of names
he expressed his satisfaction, saying that to
possess the names is something for the
future. He again said that he felt that it was
more than he deserved. Upon this I could
not keep quiet any longer, and I protested
that every word was meant. He then sat
down and said, " I am sure of that. Those
things are not measured by words, but by
the heart." And he expressed his sense
of gratitude. He spoke, not preparedly, but in
a sort of meditative way, in somewhat broken
phrases, but from this very fact with an
evident feeling that made one warm up
with devotion to him. He then went on to
talk about different subjects, about the Semi-
nary and how far it was changed since the
day of the opening, October 4, 1873."

The Cardinal (Dr. Newman as he was then)
talked with us about twenty minutes or half
an hour, but I do not remember anything
definite of the conversation. At the end of
that time he took leave of us at the door, and
we went back to the Seminary.

Yours sincerely in Christ,

[For the Cardinal's visit to the Seminary, June 21, 1880,
set page 290.]

From Madame H. Kerr, Convent of
the Sacred Heart, Roehampton.


April 12, Holy Saturday, 1879.


So many great people are writ-
ing to tell you of their happiness at your
being named Cardinal that we feared to
join ourselves to them, thinking we were
too insignificant. Still, it is difficult to
remain quite silent when one is full of
joy and satisfaction, and numbers may
perhaps compensate for other qualities,
so you will allow the two hundred in-
mates of this house to tell you that no-
where are there more cordial rejoicings
than here. We do not send you a grand
address, but we ask you to see in this
very unpretending little book-marker a
token of our heartfelt congratulation, and
a promise that many prayers and com-
munions will be offered up for your inten-

Were you able to come here you would
find many who, like myself, have inherited
a filial love for your name. We hope
some day you will come. Meantime,
Rev. Mother Digby begs you to bless her
and all her daughters.

I am, dear Father Newman,

Yours very respectfully in Christ,


To Madame Henrietta Kerr of the Con-
vent of the Sacred Heart, Roe-

Easter Day, 1879.


Wishing you, Rev. Mother,
and all of you the best Easter bles-

Thanking you and all of you for
your good prayers and earnestly ask
ing of you a continuance of them.

J. H. N.

[Madame Kerr, in a letter of September 10, 1879, says:
" It was written on the back of a card, but coming by
return of post made it very valuable."]


Dr. Newman arrived in Rome on Thursday
in Low Week, April 24.

After his audience with the Pope on Sun
day, April 27, Dr. Newman scarcely left his
apartments, being troubled with a severe cold
and cough. Dr. Aitken was called in to see
him, and at one time some anxiety was felt
as to the condition of the illustrious Ora-
torian. However, no apprehension is now
entertained, and it is believed that he will
be able to attend the Consistory on May 15
to receive the Hat.

From the Catholic Union of Birming-

BIRMINGHAM, ijth April, 1879.


We, the members of the Bir-
mingham Catholic Union, desire to ad-
dress you to offer you our congratulations
on the occasion of your elevation to the
dignity of Cardinal of the Catholic Church,
about to be conferred upon you by our
Holy Father Pope Leo XIII.

We feel that we have a claim upon you
to allow us this privilege, being inhabi-
tants of the town you chose for your
residence thirty years ago, and where,
with rare intervals, you have dwelt since,
which is therefore connected with so many
events of your life, both of joy and of
sorrow, and we have rejoiced and taken
pride in the fact that in a certain measure
we may claim you as belonging to us, we
having constantly heard of you, seen you,
and in the church of your Oratory been
instructed by you. Neither have we for-
gotten that it was in this town, in the
year 1850, you delivered the series of
lectures, in one of which you denounced
and exposed one of those shameless re-
negades who at that period attacked
Catholicity, and thereby drew upon your-
self a prosecution, hard to bear personally,
but which effectually checked the success
which had hitherto attended these men.

Of your services to religion in the foun-


dation of the Oratory of St. Philip and
church here, and of the labours of your-
self and of the Fathers of your Com-
munity, we are also witnesses ; nor can
we pass over or forget your literary
labours : the lectures on Anglican Diffi-
culties, on Catholicism in England, on
Education ; your volumes of sermons,
Grammar of Assent and other works, par-
ticularly those so familiar to us as Loss
and Gain, the lectures on the Turks,
Callista, the Dream of Gerontius, and,
lastly, your Apologia, in which you make
us acquainted with yourself, your feelings
and innermost life from your earliest years,
through the period of your conversion to
our Holy Faith in 1845, up to the year
1864. You, as the author of these works,
claim and receive from us earnest thanks
for the instruction and pleasure we have
derived from perusing and studying them.
And now, Very Rev. and dear Sir, per-
mit us to offer you, most sincerely, our
congratulations that our Holy Father has
thought fit to recognise your many
services by conferring on you the dignity
of the Cardinalate, and most earnestly do
we pray that Almighty God may grant
you yet many years of life to enjoy and
adorn the dignity.

JOHN B. HARDMAN, President.


To y. B. Hardman, Esq., President of
the Catholic Union of Birmingham.
ROME, May 5, 1879.


I had left Birmingham before
your letter of April 17, in the name
of the Catholic Union of Birmingham,
came, and, since I received it, I have
been prevented from answering it,
both by indisposition and by the duties
arising out of the great occasion
which has brought me to Rome.

And now when I take up my pen
to do so, I am troubled with the diffi-
culty of finding words which may fitly
respond to so very kind and friendly
an Address. I feel how poorly I have
merited it, and I am ashamed to
think that you have spoken of me in
such terms. You have made much of
very little ; and I am grateful to you
for overlooking all my shortcomings,
and keeping in mind only those pas-
sages in the years which I have
passed in Birmingham, in which, in
some way or other, I have done
service to the Catholic cause. This,
however, I can say, that I have
always wished to be doing service for
the Catholic body, and it is generous in
you to have taken the will for the deed.

Nothing indeed has pleased me


more on this great occasion than to
know of your kind sympathy and
interest in me ; and I am sure I may
rely on your making this clear to the
gentlemen whom you represent.
I am, my dear Mr. Hardman,

Very sincerely yours in Christ,

On Monday morning, May 12, Dr. New-
man went to the Palazzo della Pigna, the
residence of Cardinal Howard, who had lent
him his apartments to receive there the mes-
senger from the Vatican bearing the biglietto
from the Cardinal-Secretary of State, inform-
ing him that in a secret Consistory held that
morning his Holiness had deigned to raise
him to the rank of Cardinal. By eleven
o'clock the rooms were crowded with English
and American Catholics, ecclesiastics and lay-

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