John Henry Newman.

Addresses to Cardinal Newman with his replies, etc., 1879-81 online

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and it resolved unanimously to communicate
this expression of its gratitude and affection
to your Holiness, and also to the venerable
man whom you have thus honoured.
NORFOLK,

President.



Reply by Telegram from the Pope.

To THE CATHOLIC UNION, LONDON,

Summus Pontifex libenti gratoque
animo excepit gratulationes et vota istius
Catholicae Societatis et singulis sociis
petitam benedictionem peramanter impertit.

CARD. NINA



8i



III.

Letter from tlic Duke of Norfolk to
Dr. Newman with Additional Re-
solnt'wns of March n.

March n, 1879.
MY DEAR DR. NEWMAN,

I have taken a step which will not,
I hope, be in any way displeasing to you. I
asked ten or twelve gentlemen whom I knew
to be in London to meet here to-day that we
might consider the subjects of the enclosed
Resolutions.

The Resolutions show the object of our
meeting, and what we did when we met, and
I need not therefore add anything to them,
but I write at once that you may hear of the
matter from me and not from any indirect
source.

I ought perhaps to say that it is not pro-
posed to publish a list of subscriptions, but I
intend to put the Resolutions in the Catholic
papers with a short explanatory letter from
myself.

There are many, such as Lord Denbigh and
my brother, whom I should have asked here
to-day had they been in London.
Yours affectionately and respectfully,

NORFOLK.

Resolved, upon the motion of the Marquis
of Ripon, seconded by Lord Petre:

I. " That His Holiness the Pope having inti-
mated his intention to create the Very Rev.
John Henry Newman, D.D., a Cardinal of the
Holy Roman Church, a subscription be opened
for the purpose of providing a fund to be pre-
sented to Dr. Newman as a mark of affection
and respect 1 '.

Resolved, upon the motion of Lord Emly,
seconded by Lord Walter Kerr :

II. "That the following gentlemen taking
6



82



part in this meeting be requested to act as a
Committee, with power to add to their num-
ber, for the purpose of receiving such subscrip-
tion, and of taking such other action upon the
occasion as may seem expedient, viz. : The
Duke of Norfolk, E.M., the Marquis of Ripon,
K.G., the Lord Petre, the Lord O'Hagan, the
Lord Emly, Captain the Lord Walter Kerr,
R.N., the Hon. F. Stonor, the Hon. Lewis
Clifford, the Hon. J. Maxwell-Scott, Mr. W.
Langdale, Mr. T. W. Allies, and Mr. W. S.
Lilly ".

Resolved, upon the motion of the Hon. J.
Maxwell-Scott, seconded by the Hon. F.
Stonor :

III. " That his Grace the Duke of Norfolk,
E.M., be requested to act as Chairman, and
T. W. Allies, Esq., and W. S. Lilly, Esq.,
as the Joint Honorary Secretaries of the
Presentation Fund Committee."

And (March 24) on the motion of Lord
Walter Kerr, it was resolved :

IV. " That all Catholic Peers, Baronets, and
Members of the House of Commons ; the Heads of
Religious Houses and Colleges in Gt. Britain and
Ireland ; the Members of the Poor School Com-
mittee ; the Professors of the Catholic University
of Ireland, etc., etc., etc., be nominated Mem-
bers of the Committee and invited to co-operate."

[Dr. Newman could not but bear in mind the gene-
rosity of Catholics generally, in carrying him, many years
before, through the very great costs of the Achilli trial.
The Oxford plans, too, in the sixties, had been the
occasion of great gifts. He felt that he had already
received a large share of bounty, and thus, when the
Resolutions, or whatever else, first brought home to
him the subject of expenses, acquiescence by him in
another collection presented itself to his mind as an
ignoring, so to speak, of the past, a trading upon his
name and fleecing of friends. " What right have I,"
he asked himself, " to acquiesce in such a movement
on a ground purely personal to myself, and having no
interests in common with Catholics generally involved



83

in it?" These were, however, but passing thoughts.
The initial expenses of the Cardinalate are great, and in
Catholic countries are usually borne by the State. He
himself had not the means for them, yet to meet them
would be an absolute necessity. He rightly understood
the object of the originators of the Fund; he knew
well the affectionate earnestness of his friends in the
matter, and he could not in return, he said, be so un-
gracious, so ungenerous, as, even in mind to withstand
them.

He had a great reluctance, however, against any
collection being made, which, though in his interests,
would not be immediately connected with the Cardina-
late. Some such particular application of the Fund as
was presently suggested led to the following letter to
his friend Lord Emly, which has an interest in this
connection.]

From Dr. Newman to Lord Emly.
THE ORATORY, BIRMINGHAM, Mar. 13, 1879.

MY DEAR EMLY,

The friendliness of your wish
which has led to your writing to me is as
great as my difficulty in complying with it.
Those who originate the act in contemplation
must already have their object before them in
doing so. With this I should be distressed to
interfere. Anything I say to you will seem
officious and rude, unless you manage to use
it with great delicacy.

From the Resolutions which the Duke of
Norfolk has sent me, I conclude, though it is
not so stated in them, that such present as
shall be made me, is intended to meet my
initial expenses as, for instance in fees, and
those of my place and state as Cardinal.
What either of these is likely to be, I am
quite in the dark ; and can only know, I sup-
pose, by advice from Rome. You are quite
right in saying that I wish to keep to my old
ways as far as ever I am able : but I shall be
very sensitive in allowing myself in habits or
acts of any kind which might be charged with
insensibility to so high a dignity and want of



84

respect towards it. This is a matter which I
am very anxious to know more about.

As to my dear Oratory, I feel your kind-
ness, but it has had great sums given it be-
fore now ; and somehow I don't see that it
has any claim on my friends on this occasion.

I thought the meeting well judging in pro-
posing only to put the Resolutions, not a list
of subscriptions, into the papers.

Ever affectionately yours,

JOHN H. NEWMAN.

[Besides what went on in London, meetings, as
nearly as could be, concurrent, were held in Dublin,
Limerick, and in the Diocese of Birmingham ; the
Duke of Norfolk, the Earl of Denbigh, Lord Emly, and
Lord O'Hagan, each in his own sphere, promoting
them. Australia, also, as soon as its distance allowed
it, followed with the same almost spontaneity of co-
operation in the movement, as at home. Short accounts
of three of these meetings, etc., are given in their own
places, pp. 244, 247, 283.]

IV.

The Annual General Meeting of the Catholic
Union was held at Willis's Rooms on June
19.

His Grace the Duke of Norfolk, E.M., President, in
the Chair. There was a large attendance of members,
amongst whom were the Lord Petre, Vice-President,
the Marquis of Ripon, K.G., the Earl of Denbigh, the
Lord Herries, Sir Charles Clifford, the Hon. W. North,
the Rev. Dr. Laing, the Rev. W. Tylee, the Rev. A.
White, Gen. Patterson, Col. Knight, Major Trevor,
Messrs. C. Langdale, Walter M. Bourke, J. R. Parking-
ton, T. W. Allies, C. Kent, St. George Mivart, F.R.S.,
Alfred F. Blount, C. W. Wyatt, Lynall Thomas, Chas.
Goldie, R. A. Dallas, R. Lamb, W. R. Acton, C. A.
Buckler, R. M. Carr, Thompson Cooper, F.S.A., J. S.
Hansom, L. H. Perry, G. Ellis, H. Lambert, F. Kerr,
A. Hornyold, A. Newdigate, J. Berry, E. de-Poix, G. T.
Fincham, T. Gaisford, G. H. Clifford, W. Hussey
Walsh, W. Pike, T. Rawlinson, etc.

With regard to the Address to the Holy
Father and the Resolutions already passed
and submitted to His Holiness and to Car-



85

dinal Newman, his Grace the President said
he had been informed by Cardinal Howard
that the Holy Father expressed great pleasure
on receiving the Latin translation of them, and
that it was a source of great gratification to
His Holiness that the act .he had done in
raising Dr. Newman to the Cardinalate had
caused such joy and satisfaction in England.
From Cardinal Newman he had received the
following letter:

To the Duke of Norfolk, E.M., Presi-
dent of the Catholic Union of
Great Britain.

ROME, May 25, 1879.

MY DEAR DUKE OF NORFOLK,

In thanking the members of
the Catholic Union for the singularly
kind and opportune Address which they
sent me at so full a meeting through
your Grace, I ought to commence by
explaining what looks like neglect in
me in my having omitted to answer
it sooner. But, indeed, that is far
from being the true account of my
silence, nor will you suppose it to be
so.

In truth, at the time when the
Address came to me circumstances
were such that I could not, consis-
tently with the obligation then upon
me, answer it at all ; and, when I
was free to do so, I was setting off for
Rome, and, since then, I have been



86

hindered by the great occasion which
brought me here, and by a serious in-
disposition, from which I am but
slowly recovering.

I call your . Address an act of op-
portune kindness, because, by its
promptness and its strength of lan-
guage, it cheered and encouraged me
in the dismay which had overcome me,
and raised me to a self-reliance by the
very assurance which it gave me of the
many and zealous friends I had for
my supporters. There are honours too
great to bear. The members of the
Catholic Union, by the manifestation
of a sympathy so ready as to seem
premature, did the very thing I wanted
to nerve me for coming to a decision ;
and " a friend in need is a friend
indeed ".

I hope your Grace will pardon the
defects of this letter in consideration
of the disadvantages under which it
is written ; and begging you to be
the medium of communicating it to
the Catholic Union,

I am,

My dear Lord Duke,

Your Grace's faithful and affec-
tionate servant in Christ,
JOHN H. CARD. NEWMAN.



87

[The following letter from Mr. T. W. Allies may fitly
close the account of the Catholic Union proceedings of
1879, for, though the letter was written at an early date,
and while the rumour of refusal of the Cardinalate was
still afloat, the warm feeling, which he describes as
having witnessed in the first meeting, was maintained
in those which followed. For what took place in 1880,
vid. pp. 262-83.]

LONDON, Feb. 20, 1879.

MY DEAR DR. NEWMAN,

I am just returned from a large
meeting of the Catholic Union at which I had
the extreme pleasure of hearing the Duke of
Norfolk move, and Lord Ripon second, reso-
lutions thanking the Holy Father for offering
you a Cardinal's hat, and congratulating you
on the offer made. If you could have wit-
nessed the feeling which the speakers showed,
and the unanimous assent with which their pro-
posal was accepted, I am sure you would
have been touched. For myself, I am thank-
ful to have lived long enough to see that
done which for twenty years I have desired to
see. I have known since last May that the
Duke and Lord Ripon were striving to make
known to the Holy Father what was the
wish of so many, and I knew that the Duke
in December was the first to urge it per-
sonally to the Holy Father. But the Holy
Father does not know English, and has had
few opportunities of knowing our country's
thought and mind. Therefore, the success of
these efforts was almost beyond one's hope,
and the gratification is in proportion to pre-
ceding fears.

Though you have thought fit to decline the
dignity, the fact remains in all its greatness,
and I can only trust that it may give you
some portion of the pleasure which it gives to
those whom you have helped into the Church.
I heard Lord Ripon name himself as one of



88

those . . . But at least the remainder of your
life will be crowned with this wreath laid
upon it by the Sovereign Pontiff. . . .
Believe me,

Affectionately yours,

T. W. ALLIES.



From the Cardinal- Archbishop of
Westminster and the Bishops oj
England.

ARCHBISHOP'S HOUSE, WESTMINSTER,
May 1 6, 1879.

MY DEAR LORD CARDINAL,

While your Eminence was re-
ceiving at the hands of our Holy Father
your Titular church of St. George in
Velabro the Bishops of England were sit-
ting together in our Annual Meeting at
this house.

In their name and in my own, I write
to express the joy we feel in your eleva-
tion to the Sacred College.

Your Eminence's name has been so
bound up with the Catholic Church in
England for the last thirty years, and we
have regarded you with so true a friend-
ship and veneration, for your many vir-
tues, your sacerdotal example, and your
signal services to the Catholic Faith, that
we largely share in the consolation felt
by your Eminence at this merited recog-
nition of what is due to your life of faith-
ful and unreserved devotion to our Divine
Master. We earnestly pray that you may



8 9

be long spared to us, and that this happy
event may add many consolations in the
latter days allotted to your Eminence and
to us.

Believe me,

My dear Lord Cardinal,
Your affectionate servant in Jesus Christ,
HENRY EDWARD CARDINAL MANNING,
Archbishop of Westminster.

From Cardinal Newman to the Cardi-
nal-Archbishop of Westminster and
tJic Bishops of England.

LEGHORN, June 5, 1879.

MY DEAR LORD CARDINAL,

I am sure I shall be pardoned
by your Eminence and their Lordships
present with you at the annual Epis-
copal meeting for my delay in replying
sooner to your and their most accept-
able Letter of May 16, in considera-
tion of the serious illness which came
upon me on the very day on which
you wrote, and which can hardly yet
be said to have left me.

Now that I am well enough to
have left Rome, my first duty is to ex-
press to your Eminence both the grati-
fication and gratitude which I felt on
reading your Letter. I know well
how, on becoming a Catholic thirty
years and more ago, my foremost wish



90

was to approve myself, as to the Sove-
reign Pontiff, so also to the then
Bishops of the Catholic body in Eng-
land. I at once presented myself to
them one by one, and was pleased to
find the interest which they took in
me. Now then, when the Bishops pay
me the high honour of assuring me
that for the last thirty years they and
their predecessors have regarded me
" with so true a friendship and venera-
tion," I have the gratification of learn-
ing that my honest pains to please
them have not been taken in vain ;
and I have nothing more to desire.

No such encouragement, indeed,
did I need from some of their Lord-
ships, since I made their acquaintance
when they were young, almost as
soon as I was received into the Catho-
lic Church, and through that long in-
terval they have allowed me to feel
sure that they were personally at-
tached to me ; much less from your
Eminence, whom I knew even in your
early college days ; but it is a great
satisfaction to be told, and told in so
formal an Address, that even when
there was not such a bias in my
favour, equally as when there was, I
have through so many years, and
under such varying circumstances, and



by such men, been so tenderly and
considerately regarded.

Thanking, then, your Eminence and
them with all my heart for your most
gracious and most welcome congratu-
tions, and for your good wishes in my
behalf,

I am,

My dear Lord Cardinal,
Your Eminence's faithful

friend and servant,
JOHN HENRY CARDINAL NEWMAN.

June 14. I hope you will excuse
my using an amanuensis, as I have
been confined to my bed for the last
week.

His EMINENCE THE CARDINAL-ARCHBISHOP.



From the Society of St. Bede, in the
Diocese of Birmingham*

April 3, 1879.

VERY REV. AND DEAR DR. NEWMAN,

We, the members of the Society
of St. Bede, beg your permission to ex-
press to you our joy and our thankfulness
at your elevation to the Sacred Purple.

As a voluntary society of priests of the
Diocese of Birmingham, which has for its
main object the encouragement of its asso-
ciates in such intellectual and literary
exercises as may tend to illustrate the
truth and beauty of our Holy Religion,



92

we presume to offer, on our own behalf,
our congratulations to one whose name
has contributed so much to the intel-
lectual glory of the Church of our day,
and in whom we recognise one of her
most gifted exponents and the most duti-
ful of her sons.

While venturing to congratulate you
on the exalted dignity to which you have
been raised, we would at the same time
express our gratitude to our Most Holy
Father, Pope Leo XIII., for having thus
stamped with his Apostolic approval a
life of such service to th



tian truth as to have won for you the
admiration and love of your fellow
Catholics all the world over, but especi-
ally in this the land of your birth and
your affection.

With feelings of the profoundest re-
spect we beg to remain,

Very Rev. and dear Dr. Newman,
Your affectionate servants and
brethren in Christ,

James O'Hanlon, Pres. ; Joseph Daly, V.-P. ; Thomas
Scott, William Greaney, Charles Malfait, Stephen John-
son, Edward Plaetsier, Charles McCave, Abraham B.
Crane, Victor Schobel, D.D., Henry B. Davies, Joseph
Sweeney, H. Ignatius, D. Ryder, George Williams, Charles
Ryder, Secretary.

To the Society of St. Bede in the
Diocese of Birmingham.

LEGHORN, June 16, 1879.
MY DEAR . . . ,

It was very pleasant to me
to receive the congratulations which



93

the members of the Bede Society ad-
dressed to me previously to my leav-
ing England, and I am sure you will
accept my apology for the delay
which has taken place in my thank-
ing you in writing, when I say that
during the few days which intervened
before my starting I was very busy,
and I had hardly got on my journey
when that illness befell me from
which I am only so far recovered as
to be pronounced convalescent. You
are quite right in thinking that I
warmly sympathise in the main ob-
ject, as I understand it, of your
society, and am much interested in
its success. Not all priests have
time to cultivate literature, but it is
so great a resource to those whose
pastoral occupations allow of it, and
so great an instrument in their hands
for the instruction and edification of
the laity, that a clergy without litera-
ture is under a great disadvantage.

How eminent in literature are the
great doctors of the Church, Basil,
Gregory, Athanasius, Chrysostom, Au-
gustine, Jerome, Leo. How well did
Bede, your patron saint, and the
Benedictines, how well did the school
of Bossuet, of St. Francis de Sales,
how well has the Society of Jesus



94

acted upon the precedent set by the
age of Doctors ! Your society, then,
in its day and place, is following out
one of the great traditions of Chris-
tianity, and this being so, it would
be strange indeed if I could love the
early Fathers without thinking well
of literature, and wishing God-speed
to those who are making it subser-
vient to the truths of theology.

If, however, as you kindly intimate,
I have had any part in leading you
and your associates to recognise the
desirableness, of which I have spoken,
of uniting secular with religious ac-
quirements, in that case I have a
personal motive for taking an interest
in the welfare of the Bede Society,
which disposes me to it still more
favourably.

I am, my dear . . . ,
Affectionately yours,
JOHN H. CARDINAL NEWMAN.



From the Chapter of Liverpool.

April 29, 1879.
MOST EMINENT PRINCE,

It is with no ordinary feelings
of gratification that we approach your
Eminence to tender the heartfelt con-
gratulations of the Chapter of Liverpool,



95

on your recent elevation to a seat in the
Sacred College of Cardinals.

From the county which gave birth to
Cardinal Allen, we hail the accession of
your Eminence to the Sacred Purple, as
of one who is not unworthy to stand
side by side with that illustrious man.

We can well remember the time when
we heard with mingled feelings of joy and
surprise that a new school of Catholic
thought and Catholic teaching had arisen
in the halls of Protestant Oxford, and we
recognise in your Eminence the master
mind of that movement. We watched
with ever deepening interest the progress
of your Eminence towards the Church,
feeling, as we did, that your Eminence
was pursuing the truth for its own sake,
and that your Eminence would shrink
from no sacrifice that obedience to the
truth might entail.

Since the happy reception of your
Eminence, we have always regarded your
Eminence as a champion of the faith,
ever ready at the post in times of diffi-
culty and danger. We wish to express to
your Eminence our gratitude for the
many and varied writings which, surviving
the occasions which called them forth
will endure as imperishable monuments
of English literature and Catholic learn-
ing. We sincerely rejoice that the Vicar
of Christ has set his seal upon a long
life of labour and sacrifice, and has
marked his sense of your Eminence's



9 6

great services to the Church, by confer-
ring upon your Eminence the highest
dignity in his gift.

We are well aware that your Eminence
has always preferred a hidden life, and
we can enter fully into such feelings; but
we also felt a desire that such services
as your Eminence has rendered to the
Church should be recognised in some
more signal manner, and we regard the
distinction which it has pleased the Holy
Father to bestow upon your Eminence as
the natural complement of such a life.

We can only pray that God may pre-
serve your Eminence for years to come,
for the consolation of numberless friends
and the advantage of His Church.

Signed on behalf of the Chapter of
Liverpool,

JOHN HENRY PROVOST FISHER,
JOHN CANON WALLWORK, Secretary.

To the Chapter of Liverpool.

LEGHORN, June 18, 1879.
MY DEAR PROVOST OF LIVERPOOL,

I am too deeply sensible of
the honour which the Chapter of
Liverpool has done me by their
address of congratulation (so affec-
tionate, if you will allow me the
word, in its language and so beautiful
in the form in which it has come to
me), not to have felt for many weeks
as a great trouble that it has re-
mained unacknowledged.



97

But even before the date on which
it was written, and almost until now,
I have had on me an illness which
has taken the shape of more than
one complaint and made writing very
difficult to me. Even now my medi-
cal advisers are opposed to my exert-
ing my mind in any way ; but I con-
sider that to leave your address longer
unanswered will try me more than
any attempt, such as I am making
now, to thank you for it.

Even at my best advantage I could
not answer you to my own satisfac-
tion, for one special reason. You
have, in the course of your address,
come upon a subject which touches
me more than any other could do. It
is indeed, as you may easily believe,
most gratifying to me to be told of
services I have rendered to the Catho-
lic cause by what I have done or
written since I have been a Catholic ;
but when you and the Canons also
speak, as you do, of your taking an
interest in me before I was a Catholic,
in those early days at Oxford, when I
had neither done nor written anything
which you could approve, what does
this interest taken in me suggest,
though you are far from intending to
imply it, but that the clergy of Liver-
7



9 8

pool formed a portion of those good
Catholics who in that early time were
aiding me with their prayers, me who
knew them not ?

With this consideration on my mind,
what can I say in answer to you better
than this that the more you praise
my attempts during these late years
in behalf of Catholic truth, the more
are you really contemplating the fruit
of your own great charity, and that
you have to thank no one for that^
fruit but Him who, in this instance
as in so many others, is faithful to
the promises He has attached to
intercession.

And for me, what is left, when you
praise me and speak of my services,
but to keep this in mind to recollect
to whom it is I owe it under Provi-
dence that I have been brought safe
within that sacred pale where alone I
could do any acceptable service and
deserve any true praise.

Begging you will communicate to
your Canons this letter in acknowledg-
ment of their kindness,
I am,
My dear Provost of Liverpool,

Your faithful servant in Christ,
JOHN H. CARD. NEWMAN.



99

From the Catholics of the Mission of
Oxford.

[Not dated.]
VERY REV. SIR,

We, the Catholics of Oxford,
desire to say how deeply we share in the
general satisfaction at your approaching
elevation to the Roman Purple.

We need not recall your relations with
the University and City of Oxford in past


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