John Henry Newman.

Addresses to Cardinal Newman with his replies, etc., 1879-81 online

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more welcome to me, than the praise
which is so kindly bestowed upon me
in the Address of the Manchester Catho-
lic Club, now read to me by you as
its representatives.

There is, from the nature of the
case, so much imperfection in all
literary productions, and so much
variety of opinion, sentiment, and
ethical character in any large circle of
readers, that, whenever I have found
it a duty to write and publish in de-
fence of Catholic doctrine or practice,
I have felt beforehand a great trepida-



140

tion lest I should fail in prudence, or
err in statement of facts, or be careless
in language ; and afterwards for the
same reasons I have been unable to
feel any satisfaction on recurring in
mind to my composition.

That what I have said might have
been said better I have seen clearly
enough : my own standard of excel-
lence was sufficient to show me this ;
but to what positive praise it was en-
titled, that was for others to decide ;
and therefore, when good Catholics,
when divines of name and authority,
come forward and tell me, as you do,
that what I have published has been
of real service to my dear Mother, the
Holy Church, it is, I cannot deny, a
reassurance and gratification to me to
receive such a testimony in my favour.

I thank you then heartily for your
congratulations on my elevation to the
dignity of Cardinal, for your generous
and (I may say) affectionate reference
to my controversial writings, and for
your prayers in behalf of my health
and continuance of life. That future
is in God's hands : anyhow it is a
great pleasure to think that the gene-
ration that is now passing away is
leaving for that future so large, so
fervent, so strong a succession of



Catholics, to hand down to posterity
the sacred and glorious tradition of
the One, True, Ancient Faith.

I am, my dear Very Rev. Canon
and gentlemen,

Most truly yours,
JOHN H. CARDINAL NEWMAN.

In the afternoon the prizes were given and
the speeches of the pupils followed, the
pieces chosen consisting of two scenes from
" The Cup Bearer," adapted by Cardinal New-
man from Terence. The characters were sus-
tained by Basil Gaisford, Hubert Eaton, C.
Dean, Ph. Somers-Cocks, and A. Rawlinson,
who exhibited thorough familiarity with the
text and played their respective parts with an
unusual amount of dramatic skill. In addi-
tion to this performance, an effective violin
and pianoforte duet was given by Ph. Somers-
Cocks and Robert Eaton.

At the conclusion of the music the Cardinal
announced an addition of ten days to the
holidays, and then, with his blessing to those
present, the school term ended.



From the Clergy of Lancashire.
July 22, 1879.

To HIS EMINENCE JOHN HENRY NEWMAN,
CARDINAL OF ST. GEORGE IN VELABRO.

It is now fifteen years since
the clergy of Lancashire had the honour
to address you. It was then to thank
you for your triumphant defence of the
Catholic priesthood ; for in repelling a



142

wanton attack made upon yourself you
had fully vindicated the character of the
whole body of the clergy. Since that
time each successive year has added to
the services you have rendered to the
Church in England, and our gratitude to
you has grown in proportion. We are
well aware how averse you have ever
been to outward display, but we could
not but wish that those services should
be acknowledged in some fitting manner.
And when at length it was rumoured
that the Vicar of Christ had named you
for the Cardinalate, we felt that the
honour had been well earned, and that
our long cherished hope was being
realised in the happiest form.

To a Catholic and a priest honour be-
stowed by the Holy Father is honour
indeed ; and when that dignity is the
highest in his gift, and conferred upon
you with every mark of delicate con-
sideration, your friends could hardly wish
for you anything greater in this life.
That England, in spite of its manifold
divergences in religious opinion, should
be united with its children of the Old
Faith, and with the whole Catholic
world, in a common joy that this mark
of distinction should have been conferred
upon your Eminence, must needs deepen
our satisfaction, as no doubt it increases
yours. We can only wish for your Emi-
nence many years of life to instruct, to
charm, and to edify, with added lustre



143

and undiminished power, your fellow
Catholics and fellow-countrymen.

Signed in behalf of our General Meet-
ing, held at Preston on the 22nd of July,
1879.

W. WALKER,
Canon of Liverpool, President.



To the Clergy of Lancashire.

(This Reply is taken from the rough copy.)

MY DEAR CANON WALKER,

It is one of the highest
favours which Divine Providence can
bestow upon a priest, for him to have
gained the good opinion and the
sympathy of his brethren. This is
the thought which took possession of
me, and I trust without any fault, on
reading the Address, so simple, yet so
strong, which you have sent me from
the clergy of Lancashire.

I had not forgotten, I assure you,
their generous act in 1864, when they
honoured me with a like distinction ;
and that I should have received it
twice from such a body of men is a
marvel of which I may well be proud
to the end of my life.

I trust, as I have said, it is not
wrong thus to feel and speak. There
was One, who for all her unapproach-



144

able sanctity and her transcendent
humbleness of mind, could in her
" Magnificat " rejoice in the prospect
of all generations calling her blessed ;
and how then can it be wrong if I, on
my own low level, but in her spirit,
include in" my supreme thankfulness,
due to the Giver of all good, an exult-
ing sense of the paternal tenderness
towards me of the Sovereign Pontiff,
and of the warmth of the response
which your friends have made to his
act in your Address of Congratulation
to me.

Relying on them and on you, my
dear Canon Walker, who have so long
shown me such kindness, to supply
for me whatever is wanting in this
letter in the expression of my thanks
to you all,

I am,

Your faithful and affectionate servant,
JOHN H. CARDINAL NEWMAN.



From the C. U. I. Bono Club of the
Irish Catholic University.

(Presented Wednesday, July 23, 1879.)

MAY IT PLEASE YOUR EMINENCE,

At a time when you are re-
ceiving the congratulations of Catholics



145

from all parts of the world on your ele-
vation to the dignity of Cardinal, we
trust that you will not think it pre-
sumption in us to express the joy and
pride with which we have heard of that
elevation. The club on whose behalf we
address you is formed mainly of ex-
students of the Catholic University of
Ireland over which you once presided,
and it was founded with the object of
discussing and taking action upon ques-
tions bearing on the welfare of that
University. In the humble efforts which
from time to time we have made for the
advancement of the University education
of Irish Catholics, we have found in your
writings a never-failing counsel and guid-
ance, and we therefore feel that we may
with especial fitness avail ourselves of
this opportunity to tender to you the
expression of our gratitude, respect, and
veneration.

As students of the Catholic University
of Ireland, we can never forget that the
" Lectures on the Scope and Nature of
University Education " were delivered in
our halls, and by our Rector. When you
came to Ireland to undertake the Rector-
ship of the newly founded Catholic Uni-
versity, the Catholics of this country,
owing to their having been for three
centuries excluded from all share in the
advantages of higher education, had no
traditions to guide them in forming a
correct estimate of what a University
10



146

ought to be. Your great work, which we
may justly call our Charter, has supplied
the place of those traditions, and, thanks
to it, the Irish people have now realised
what a true University should be, and
what inestimable benefits a National
Catholic University could confer upon
Ireland.

It is not as Irishmen only, but also as
Catholics, that we owe you gratitude for
your teaching in our University. You
have shown that education is a field in
which both clergy and laity can work to-
gether, harmoniously and without jealousy,
for a common object, and in which both
have duties, and both have rights, and in
establishing this, you, as it appears to us,
have rendered valuable assistance to the
Catholic Church in her great struggle for
freedom of education throughout the
world.

In one of the noblest passages in
English literature you have proclaimed
your sympathy with our country's past
and your hope in the promise of her
future. Seeking a fitting site for a Uni-
versity, you say of our country : " I look
towards a land both old and young ; old
in its Christianity, young in the promise
of its future ; a nation which received
grace before the Saxon came to Britain,
and which has never quenched it ; a
Church which comprehends in its history
the rise and fall of Canterbury and York,
which Augustine and Paulinus found, and



147

Pole and Fisher left behind them. I
contemplate a people which has had a
long night and which will have an inevi-
table day." And you proceed to prophesy
for our University a glorious destiny to
be attained in the future, " when its first
founders and servants are dead and
gone". It is our earnest hope that you,
the most illustrious of our founders, may
yet live to see your prophecy at least in
part fulfilled.

It was during your Rectorship that the
Chair of Irish History and Archaeology
was founded in our University, and that
a Professor of those subjects was first
appointed in Ireland ; and to your en-
couragement and practical sympathy, as
warmly testified by Professor O'Curry,
was due the preparation by him of those
lectures on Irish History and Antiquities
which are among the most honourable
records of what the University has al-
ready done.

We venture to ask your acceptance of
the National Manuscripts of Ireland, a work
edited by a distinguished Irish scholar,
in the hope that it may serve to remind
you of the efforts which you made to
foster Irish studies in our University, and
that it may thus be to you a pleasing
memento of your labours in an institution
in which your name will ever be men-
tioned with veneration and love.

In conclusion, we beg to tender to you
our respectful congratulations upon the



148

exalted dignity to which it has pleased
the Holy Father to raise you, and to ex-
press our earnest hope that you may
long be spared to serve the Church of
which you are so illustrious an ornament.
Committee :

George Sigerson, Joseph E. Kenny, Gerald Griffin,
P. J. O'Connor, Michael Boyd, George Fottrell, jun.,
Charles Dawson, John Dillon.

Hon. Sees. :

H. J. Gill, William Dillon.



To the Committee of the C. U. I. Bono

Club.

July 23, 1879.

GENTLEMEN,

In thanking you for the Ad-
dress of Congratulation which you have
done me the honour to present me, I
am led especially to express to you the
pleasurable wonder I have felt on re-
viewing its separate portions, as they
succeed one another, and on collect-
ing my thoughts upon them ; at the
minute and most friendly diligence
with which you have brought together
and arranged before me whatever
could be turned to my praise during
the years in which I filled the distin-
guished and important post of Rector
of your Catholic University.

I know well, or, if this is presump-
tuous to say, I sincerely believe, that
a desire to serve Ireland was the rul-



149

ing motive of my writings and doings
while I was with you. How could I
have any other ? What right-minded
Englishman can think of this country's
conduct towards you in times past
without indignation, shame, and re-
morse ? How can any such man but
earnestly desire, should his duty take
him to Ireland, to be able to offer to
her some small service in expiation of
the crimes which his own people have
in former times committed there ?
This wish, I believe, ruled me ; but
that in fact I had done any great
thing during my seven years there,
has never come home to me, nor have
I had by me any tale of efforts made
or of successes gained in your behalf,
such as I might produce, supposing I
was asked how I had spent my time,
and what I had done, while Rector of
the University.

I cannot, then, deny, that, diffident
as I have ever been, in retrospect of
any outcome of my work in Ireland, it
has been a great satisfaction to me
and a great consolation to find from
you and others that I have a right to
think that those years were not
wasted, and that the Sovereign Pon-
tiff did not send me to Ireland for
nothing.



ISO

There is another thought which your
Address suggests to me, namely, that,
as looking back to the years when I
was in Ireland, I have, as it would
seem, good hope after all that I had
my share of success there, so now we
must none of us be discouraged if
during the twenty years which have
elapsed since, we have had so many
difficulties and a success not com-
mensurate with them. The greater is
a work, the longer it takes to accom-
plish it. Tantce molis erat Roma mini
condere gentem. You indeed, gentle-
men, are not the persons to be accused
of want of courage ; but zealous men,
though not discouraged, may be dis-
appointed. Let us all then recollect
that our cause is sure to succeed
eventually, because it is manifestly
just ; and next, because it has the
blessing on it of the Holy See. We
must be contented with small suc-
cesses when we cannot secure great
ones, and we shall gain our object
surely, if we resign ourselves to a pro-
gress which is gradual.

JOHN HENRY CARD. NEWMAN.



ADDRESS FROM THE CATHOLIC
YOUNG MEN'S SOCIETIES OF
GREAT BRITAIN AT THE ORATORY,
ON SUNDAY, AUGUST 3, 1879, WITH
AN ACCOUNT OF THE PROCEED-
INGS WHICH ACCOMPANIED THE
PRESENTATION.

Cardinal Newman preached at the Church
of the Oratory of St. Philip Neri, Edgbaston,
yesterday morning, August 3. In the after-
noon his Eminence received a deputation
from forty-six branches of the Roman Catholic
Young Men's Societies.

The deputation consisted of Mr. Fitzpatrick (President),
Mr. T. Breen (Vice-President), and Mr. A. Quin (Hon.
Secretary of the Central Council, Liverpool) ; Mr. Delany
(President), Mr. T. Newey, jun. (Secretary), and Mr. J.
Loughton, of the St. Michael's Branch, Birmingham ;
Messrs. Gretton, Ford, Maley, A. Trafford, Dewsbury,
and Russell, of St. Peter's Branch, Birmingham ; the Rev.
J. Hughes, Messrs. T. W. T. Bull and P. Tierney, of St.
Catherine's Branch, Birmingham ; and delegates from
Birkenhead, Cardiff, Chester, Cleator Moor, Coventry,
Dumbarton, Dumfries, Dundee, Edinburgh, Garston,
Gourock, Greenock, Hindley, Ince, Johnstone, Kilmarnock,
Liscard, Liverpool (nine societies), London, Newton-le-
Willows, Northampton, Ormskirk, Sheffield, Shrewsbury,
Stockport, Wakefield, West Derby, Whitehaven, Wigan
and Woolton.

The deputation were bearers of an illuminated
Address, splendidly executed by Mr. J. O.
Marples, of Liverpool.

These societies were first established in
Limerick about the year 1848, by the Very
Rev. Dr. O'Brien of that city, who conceived
the design of establishing one vast organisa-
tion, embracing a multitude of branches, by
which all might be bound in one brotherhood
of feeling and affection, and might by mutual
encouragement be supported and fortified
against the snares and temptations to which
men, and especially young men, are every day



152

exposed. This, then, was the plan which he
carried out. " Brothers " were enrolled,
meeting-rooms procured, innocent recreation
and enjoyment promoted, and rules for the
guidance and good conduct of the members
laid down. The project worked admirably ; and
in the course of time Dr. O'Brien found him-
self founding new branches in different parts
of Great Britain, one of the first established
in England being St. Mary's, of Liverpool.
This was inaugurated in 1853, and the Papal
Indult, attaching certain privileges to the
society, was read at the inauguration cere-
mony. The idea of making a presentation to
his Eminence originated from the Central
Council, and on being communicated to the
Very Rev. founder was warmly commended by
him. It was taken up with enthusiasm by
the different branches, and it was carried out
with activity and energy. Delegates from the
various branches in Liverpool were deputed to
make the presentation, and on Sunday the n
o'clock train conveyed about thirty " Young
Men " to Birmingham. There delegates from
other towns met them, and together with the
representatives from Birmingham and the
neighbourhood, numbering about 100, they
went to the Oratory Church. Here Bene-
diction of the Blessed Sacrament was given
by the Cardinal, and at the conclusion of the
service they were taken into the reception-
room. The deputation was introduced by the
Rev. J. Sherlock (Chaplain of St. Michael's
Branch, Birmingham), who said : My Lord
Cardinal, in presenting to your Eminence the
representatives present of forty-six branches of
the Young Men's Societies of Great Britain, to
offer you their congratulations by the pre-
sentation of a united Address, I beg leave to
express my own gratification that I find my-
self at the head of this deputation. Just



153

thirty years ago in September, 1849 in your
charity, sacrificing the comforts of home,
and even at the risk of life, you and your
zealous Fathers came to assist me at Bilston
when I was struck down by illness through
excessive work in the cholera epidemic ; and
now, during the twenty-six years I have lived
in Birmingham, I have experienced a constant
series of similar favours at the hands of your
Eminence and the Fathers of the Oratory.
Under these circumstances it is easily seen
that my gratification in joining in this demon-
stration is not merely to offer my congratula-
tion at the sacred distinction won and re-
ceived by your Eminence towards the close of
a long and brilliant career, but that it is also
an opportunity of publicly expressing my own
lasting gratitude for so many favours.

His Eminence, turning to Father Sherlock,
shook hands with him and said : I wish I had
one-fourth of the merits you have won for
yourself. It would be hard indeed if one did
not in his own little way try to serve such
a laborious and hard-working priest as you are.
God bless you.

The President, Mr. Michael Fitzpatrick, then
read the Address.



To his Eminence John Henry Cardi-
nal Newman.

MAY IT PLEASE YOUR EMINENCE,

On behalf of the Young Men's
Societies of Great Britain, we most re-
spectfully offer our congratulations on
your entry into the Sacred College of
Cardinals, and express our joy at the
honour his Holiness has conferred on the
English Church in selecting you for the



154

exalted dignity. Amidst higher duties
and intellectual work, your Eminence has
always shown a deep interest in the
labouring class, and has ever had a kind
word for the working man. We do not
forget that your most brilliant lectures
were delivered to working men in the
Hall of the Brothers of the Little Ora-
tory : your words have spread and have
helped to lighten our toil, to instruct our
minds, and to strengthen our Catholic
faith and principles. Filled with grati-
tude for your interest in us, with esteem
for your illustrious labours, and with
veneration for your personal character,
we welcome with delight the dignity you
have received, and we pray that God may
long spare you to defend and adorn the
Church. Begging your Eminence's bles-
sing, we subscribe ourselves on behalf of
our respective societies,

MICHAEL FITZPATRICK, President.

THOMAS BREEN, Vice-President.

AUGUSTINE QUINN, Hon. Sec., Central
Council.

Feast of St. Augustine, Apostle of England, 1879.



To the Young Men's Societies of Great
Britain.

Sunday, August 3, 1879.

You must have anticipated,
I am sure, Gentlemen, before I say it,
what gratification I feel at the Ad-



dress which you have now presented
to me on occasion of my elevation,
by the condescending act of the Sove-
reign Pontiff, to the Sacred College of
Cardinals.

It has gratified me in many ways.
I feel it is a great honour to be thus
singled out for special notice by a
body so widely extended, and so im-
portant in its objects, so interesting to
every Catholic mind, as your Society.

Next, your Address has come to me
in a shape which enhances the com-
pliment you pay me, and was sure to
be most acceptable to me. Not only
is the copy which you have put into
my hands most beautifully illuminated,
but the illuminations are made the
memorials of various passages in my
life past, which seem to suggest to me
the careful interest and the sympathy,
and, I may say, the tenderness, with
which you yourselves have dwelt upon
them.

And then this Address comes to me
from so many. It is as strange to
me as it is pleasant, to find at the
Holy Father's word, and, as it were,
at his signal, a host of friends start-
ing up and gathering and thronging
round about me from so many great
towns, north and south, in this broad



156

land : whereas up to this time, widely
known and highly accounted as has
been your Society, for myself I never
realised that there was any personal
tie between you and me, or had that
conscious fellowship with you which is
so great a help where hearts beat in
unison as being associates and com-
panions in a great and noble cause.

Still further, you add to the grati-
fication which I feel on other accounts
by telling me that one of my books
has been of use to you in your zealous
efforts to defend and propagate Catho-
lic Truth, and that, though I have
not known you, you, on the other
hand, have known me.

And more than this, in speaking of
those lectures of mine you do not
forget to notice that they come from
the Oratory of St. Philip Neri, in
whose house you are now assembled.
I am glad to recognise with you the
similarity of aims which exists in the
work of our glorious Saint who lived
three centuries ago in Italy, and that
of the excellent Priest, who has been
in this country and in these islands
the founder of the Young Men's
Society. And I cannot help feeling
some satisfaction in observing in your
Address, and, as it were, in the aspect



of your Society, certain coincidences,
in themselves indeed trivial and what
may be called matters of sentiment,
yet to me happy accidents, as a sort
of token of some subtle sympathy
connecting you and the Oratory.
Such, for instance, is the date which
you have affixed to your address,
" the Feast of St. Augustine, Apostle
of England," May 26 ; now are you
aware that May 26 is also our feast
day, " the Feast of St. Philip, Apostle
of Rome " ? Again, I see that the
anniversary of your foundation is set
down as May 12 ; but this is a great
day with St. Philip and his Roman
house, as being the festival of the
Oratory Saints, SS. Nereus and Achil-
leus, whose Church was the Titular
of the celebrated Oratorian, Cardinal
Baronius, the ecclesiastical historian,
and one of the earliest disciples of St.
Philip.

Short as your Address is, you see,
it contains in its compass what has
required from me many words to
answer duly. Moreover, you have
given me much more than an Address
by coming with it yourselves, and let-
ting us meet face to face. I have to
thank you, then, for a visit as well as
a beautifully embellished letter. For



1 5 8

all this kindness I thank you from
my heart again and again.

JOHN H. CARD. NEWMAN.

After this Reply, the Deputies were intro-
duced to the Cardinal and then returned to
St. Michael's for the evening.

At St. Michael's discussions took place on
matters of interest to the Societies, and a hope
was strongly expressed that the gathering of
members that day might be the beginning, or
rather a renewal, of similar meetings. A
letter, too, was read by Mr. M. Fitzpatrick
from their venerable Founder, expressing his
gratification at their object in coming to Bir-
mingham. Then, speaking of the early days
of the Societies, the letter continued thus :
"And let me remark that at a moment of
helpless exhaustion in the year 1854 there
came to me, then at Manchester, words of
kindness and encouragement, all unexpected
and undeserved, and those words gave new
life to the mission for founding the Young
Men's Societies in Great Britain. Need I say
the words bore the signature, J. H. Newman."

The following names were also ap-
pended to the Address :

Birkenhead (St. Laurence's). Andrew Nooney, Presi-
dent ; John Hamlin, Vice-President ; William Byrne,


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