John Henry Newman.

Apologia pro vita sua: being a history of his religious opinions online

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LTINO AND EQUIVOCATION. 363

promise? and^ if it be an unlawM promise^ is it binding
when it cannot be kept without a lie P I am not attempting
to solve these difficult questions^ but they have to be care-
fully examined. And now I have said more than I had
intended on a question of casuistry.



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LETTERS AKD PAPEB8 OP
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SUPPLBMENTAL MATTER*

n.

LIST OP THE AUTHOR'S PUBLICATIONS.

Thb request has been made to me from yarions quarters
for a list of my writings. This I now give^ as follows
[up to Christmas, 1873] : —

1 — 8. Fbrochial and Plain Sennom BiTingtons.

9. Sermonson SubjecUof theDay BiYingtona.

10. UniTenity Sermona Bivingtoiia.

11. Senncms to Mixed Congregationa .... Bornfl and Oatea.

12. Occasional Sermons Boms and Oatea.

18. Lectures on the Prophetical Office of the Chnrch • . Ontof print.

14. Lectores on Justification Biyingtooa.

15. Lectures on the Difficoltiei of Anglicans* Ac, with Letter

to Dr. Posej Boms and Oatea.

16. Lectures on the present position of Catholics . . Bums and Oatea.

17. Essay in Aid of a Grammar of Assent • . . Boms and Oatea.

18. Two Essays on Miracles Pickering.

19. 20. Essays, Critical and Historical, with Notes. 1.

Poetry. 2. Bationalism. 8. DelaMemuus. 4. Pal-
mer on Faith and Unity. 6. St. Ignatins. 6. Pros-
pects of the Anglican Chorch. 7. The Anglo-American
Church. 8. Countess of Huntingdon. ^. Catholicity
of the Anglican Church. 10. The Antichrist of Pro-
testants. 11. Milman's Christianity. 12. Beformation
of the Eleventh Century. *^8. Private Judgment 14.
Davison. 16. Eehle Pickering.

21. Discussions and Arguments. 1. How to accomplish it.

2. Antichrist of the Fathers. ^. Scripture and the
Creed. 4. Tamworth Beading Boom. 6. Who's to
Blame P 6. An Argument for Christianity . . Pickering.

22. Pamphlets Outofpzint.

23. Idea of a Univerrity. 1. Kine Discourses. 2. Occasional

Lectures and Essays •••.••» Pickering.

24. Essay on the Development of Christian Doctrine • • Toov^.

25. Annotated Translation of Athanarius • . • • Parker.



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LIST OF THE AUTHOR'S PUBLICATIONS. 367

26. Theological Tracts. 1. DissertatinnctilsB. 2. Doctrinal

Causes of Arianism. 3. ApoUinariamsm. 4. St. Cyril's
Fonnnla. 6. Ordo de Tempore. 6. Douaj version of
Scripture . . ' Pickering.

27. The Arians of the Fourth Century Lumley.

28—30. Historical Sketches. 1. The Turks. 2. Cicero. 8.

Apollonius. '^4. Primitive Christianity. *^, Church
of the Fathers. 6. St. Chrysostom. 7. Theodoret.
8. St. Benedict. 9. Benedictine Schools. 10. Uni-
versities. 11. Northmen and Normans. 12. Medissval
Oxford. 13. Convocation of Canterhury . . . Pickering.

81. Loss and Qain . • . . . . . Bums and Gates.

82. Callista Bums and Gates.

83. Verses on Various Occasions Bums and Gates.

84. Apologia pro Vita sua •••••• • Longmans.



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368 SUFPLBMBNTAL ICATTEB.



m.



LBTTEB OF APPROBATION AND ENCOUBAGEMENT FBOM THl
BISHOP OF THE DIOCESE OF BTBMIN6HAM, DB. UIXA-
THOBNE.



« Bishop's House, June 2, 1864.

^'Mj dear Dr. Newman,—

"It was with warm gratification that, after the dose of the Synod
yesterday, I listened to the Address presented to you by the clergy of the
diocese, and to your impressive reply. Bat I should have been little satisfied
with the part of the silent listener, except on the understanding with mysdf
that I also might afterwards express to you my own sentiments in my own
way.

" We have now been personally acquainted, and much more than acquainted,
for nineteen years, during more than sixteen of which we have stood in special
relation of duty towards each other. This has been one of the singular bless-
ings which God has given me amongst the cares of the Episcopal office. What
my feelings of respect, of confidence, and of affection have been towards you,
you know well, nor should I think of expressing them in words. But there is
one thing that has struck me in this day of explanations, which you could not,
and would not, be disposed to do, and which no one could do so properly or
so authentically as I could, and which it seems to me is not altogether un-
called for, if every kind of erroneous impression that some persons have enter-
tained with no better evidence than conjecture is to be removed.

** It is difficult to comprehend how, in the fiice of facts, the notion should
ever have arisen that during your Catholic life, you have been more occupied
with your own thoughts than with the service of religion and the work of the
Church. If we take no other work into consideration beyond the written pro-
ductions which your Catholic pen has given to the world, they are enough for
the life's labour of another. There are the Lectures on Ang^can Difficulties,
the Lectures on Catholicism in England, the great work on the Scope and
End of University Education, that on the Office and Work of Universities,
the Lectures and Essays on University Subjects, and the two Volumes of
Sermons; not to speak of your contributions to the Atlantis, which you
founded, and to other periodicals ; then there are those beautiful offmngs to
Catholic literature, the Lectures on the Turks, Loss and Gain, and CaUista,
and though last, not least, the Apologia, which is destined to put many idle



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LETTER OF DR. TJLLATHORNB. 369

rumours to rest, and many unprofitable surmises; and yet all these productions
represent but a portion of your labour, and that in the secondlialf of your
period of public life.

** These works have been written in the midst of labour and cares of another
kind, and of which the world knows very little. I will specify four of these
undertakings, each of a distinct character, and any one of which would have
made a reputation for untiring energy in the practical order.

'* The first of these undertakings was the establishment of the congregation
of the Oratory of St Philip Neri — that great ornament and accession to the
force of English Catholicity. Both the London and the Birmingham Oratory
must look to you as their founder and as the originator of their characteristic
excellences; whilst that of Birmingham has never known any other presi>
dency.

«No sooner was this work fairly on foot than you were called by the
highest authority to commence another, and one of yet greater magnitude and
difficulty, the founding of a University in Ireland. After the Universities had
been lost to the Catholics of these kingdoms for three centuries, every thing
had to be begun from the beginning : the idea of such an institution to be
inculcated, the plan to be formed that would work, the resources to be
gathered, and the staff of superiors and professors to be brought together.
Your name was then the chief point of attraction which brought these ele-
ments together. You alone know what difficulties you had to conciliate and
what to surmount, before the work reached that state of consistency and pro-
mise, which enabled you to return to those responsibilities in England which
you had never laid aside or suspended. And here, excuse me if I give ex-
pression to a fancy which passed through my mind.

"I was lately reading a poem, not long published, from the MSS. De
Berum Nature, by Neckham, the foster-brother of Richard the Lion-hearted.
He quotes an old prophecy, attributed to Merlin, and with a sort of wonder,
as if recollecting that England owed so much of its literary learning to that
country ; and the prophecy says that after long years Oxford will pass into
Ireland — * Vada boum suo tempore transibunt in Hibemiam.' When I read
this, I could not but indulge the pleasant fancy that in the days when the
Dublin University shall arise in material splendour, an allusion to this pro-
phecy might form a poetic element in the inscription on the pedestal of the
statue which commemorates its first Rector.

** The original plan of an Oratory did not contemplate any parochial work,
but you could not contemplate so many souls in want of pastors without being
prompt and ready at the beck of authority to strain all your efforts in coming
to their help. And this brings me to the third and the most continuous of
those labours to which I have alluded. The mission in Alcester Street, its
church and schools, were the first work of the Birmingham Oratory. After
several years of close and hard work, and a considerable call upon the private
resources of the Fathers who had established this congregation, it was de-

B b



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370 SUPPLEMENTAL MATTER*

HTered orer to oHmt bands, and the Fitlien remoYcd to the dutrirt of
Edgbastoo, where «p to that tioie nothing Catholic had appeared. Then
aroee under your direction tiie laige convent of the Oratory, the dinrch
expanded by degrees into its present capadonsness, a nnmerons congregation
has gathered and grown in it ; poor sdioob and other plons institutions hare
grown np in connexion with it, and, tnoreofer, equally at yonr expense and
that of yoor brethren, and, as I have reason to know, at mudi inoonyenienoe,
the Oratory has relieved the other dergy of Birmingham all this while by
constantly doing the duty in the poor-boose and gaol of Birmingham.

" More recently still, the mission and the poor school at Smethwidc owe
their existence to the Oratory. And all this while the founder and fatho* of
these rdigions works has added to his other soUdtndes the toil of frequ^it
preadiing, of attendance in the confessional, and other parochial duties.

'* I have read on this day of its publication the seventh part of tiie
Apologia, and the toudiing allusion in it to the devotedness of the Catholic
dergy to the poor in seasons of pestilence reminds me that when the cholera
raged so dreadfully at Bilston, and the two priests of the town were no longer
equal to the number of cases to whidi they were hurried day and night, I
adced yon to lend me two fathers to supply the place of other priests whom i
wished to send as a further aid. But you and Father St. John preferred to
take the place of danger which I had destined for others, and remained at
Bilston till the worst was over.

*< The fourth work which I would notice is one more widely known. I
refer to the school for the education of the higher classes, which at the solidta-
tion of many friends you have founded and attached to the Oratory. Surdy
after reading this bare enumeration of work done, no man will venture to say
that Dr. Newman is leading a comparativdy inactive life in the service of the
Church.

**To spare, my dear Dr. Newman, any further pressure on those .feelings
with which I have already taken so large a liberty, I will only add one word
more for my own satisfaction. During our long intercourse there is only one
subject on which, after the first experience, I have measured my words with
some caution, and that has been where questions bearing on ecclesiastical duty
have arisen. I found some little caution necessary, because you were always
so prompt and ready to go even beyond the slightest intimation of my wbh or
desires. ^

** That Grod may bless*you with health, life, and all the spiritual good which
you desnre, you and your brethren of the Oratory, is the earnest prayer now
and often of,

" My dear Dr. Newman,

** Your affectionate friend and futhful servant
in Christ,

" + W. B. ULLATHORNB."



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LETTERS OF APPROBATION, &C. 371



IV.



LETTERS OP APPROBATION AND ENCOURAGEBIENT FROM
CLERGY AND LAITY.

It requires some words of explanation why I allow myself
to sound my own praises so loudly, as I am doing by
adding to my Volume the following Letters, written to me
last year by large bodies of my Catholic brethren. Priests,
and Laymen, in the course or on the conclusion of the
publication of my Apologia. I have two reasons for
. doing so.

1. It seems hardly respectful to them, and hardly fair
to myself, to practise self-denial in a matter, which after
all belongs to others as well as to me. Bodies of men be-
come authorities by the fact of being bodies, over and above
the personal claims of the individuals who constitute them.
To have received such unusual Testimonials in my favour,
as I have to produce, and then to have let both those
Testimonials and the generous feelings which dictated
them be wasted, and come to nought, would have been
a rudeness of which I could not bear to be guilty. Far
be it from me to show ;9uch ingratitude to those who
were especially "friends in need/' I am too proud of
their approbation not to publish it to the world.

2. But I have a further reason. The belief obtains
extensively in the country at large, that Catholics, and
especially the Priesthood, disavow the mode and form, in
which I am accustomed to teach the Catholic faith, as if
they were not generally recognized, but something special
and peculiar to myself; as if, whether for the purposes



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372 SUPPLEMENTAL MATTER.

of controversy, or from the traditions of an earlier period
of my life, I did not exhibit Catholicism pure and simple,
as the bulk of its professors manifest it. Such testimonials,
then, as now follow, from as many as 558 priests, that is,
not far firom half of the clergy of England, secular and
religious, firom the Bishop and clergy of a diocese at the
Antipodes, and from so great and authoritative a body as
the German Congress assembled last year at Wurzburg,
scatter to the winds a suspicion, which it is not less pain*
ful, I &m persuaded, to numbers of those Protestants
who entertain it, than it is injurious to me who have to
bear it.



I. THE DIOCESE OP WESTMINSTER.

The following Address was signed by 110 of the
Westminster clergy, including all the Canons, the Vicars-
General, a great nimiber of secular priests, and five
Doctors in theology ; Fathers of the Society of Jesus,
Fathers of the Order of St. Dominic, of St. Francis, of the
Oratory, of the Passion, of Charity, Oblates of St. Charles,
and Marists.



" London, March 15, 1864.
** Very Reverend and Dear Sir,

** We, the nndersigned Priesta of the Diocese of Westminster,
tender to yon onr respectful thanks for the service yon have done to religion,
as well as to the interests of literary morality, by yqnr Reply to the calumnies
of [a popular writer of the day.]

" We cannot bat regard it ail a matter of congratulation that your assailant
should have associated the cause of the Catholic Priesthood with the name of
one so well fitted to represent its dignity, and to defend its honour, as
yourself.

*^e recognize in this latest effort of your literary power one further daim,
besides the many you have already established, to the gratitude and venera*
tion of Catholics, and trust that the reception which it has met with on all



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LETTERS OP APPROBATION, &C. 373

ddes may be the omen of new sncoesses which yon are destined to achieve in
the vindication of the teaching and principles of the Church.

"We are,

** Very Reverend and Dear Sir,

<* Your faithfbl and affeotionftte Servants in Christ"
{The Subicriptiant follow,)
"To the Very Rev.

" John Henry Newman, D.D." ^



n. — THE ACADEMIA OF CATHOLIC RELIGION.

" London, April 19, 1864.
" Very Rev. and Dear Sur,

" The Academia of Catholic Religion, at theur meeting held
to-day, under the Presidency of the Cardinal Archbishop, have instructed us
to write to you in thdr behalf.

" As they have learned, with great satisfaction, that it is your intention to
publish a defence of Catholic Veracity, which has been assailed in your person,
they are precluded from asking you that that defence might be made by word
of mouth, and in London, as they would otherwise have done.

" Composed, as the Academia is, mainly of Laymen, they feel that it is not
out of their province to express their indignation that your opponent should
have chosen, while praising the Catholic Laity, to do so at the expense of th«
Clergy, between whom and themselves, in this as in all other matters, there
exists a perfect identity of principle and practice.

" It is because, in such a matter, your cause is the cause of all Catholics,
that we congratulate ourselves on the rashness of the opponent that has
thrown the defence of that cause into your hands.

" We remain,

" Very Reverend and Dear Sir,

" Your very faithful Servants,

"JAMES LAIRD PATTERSON, 1 ^^..^
" EDW. LUCAS, i ^^^^*^^'

" To the Very Rev. John Henry Newman, D.D.,
" Provost of the Birmingham Oratory.''

The above was moved at the meeting by Lord Petre,
and seconded by the Hon. Charles Langdale.



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874 ST7PPLEMENTAL HATTEB.



in. — ^THB DIOCESE OP BIRMINGHAM.

In this Diocese there were in 1864^ according to the
Directory of the year, 136 Priests.

«« June 1, I8f>4.
** Very Reverend and Dear Sir*

'' In ayailing ourselTes of yoor presence at the Diocesan
Synod to offer yon our hearty thanks for your recent vindication of the honour
of the Catholic Priesthood, We, the Provost and Chapter of the Cathedral,
and the Clergy, Secular and Regular, of the Diocese of Birmingham, cannot
forego the assertion of a special right, as your neighbours and colleagues, to
express our veneration and affection for one whose fidelity to the dictates of
conscience, in the use of the highest intellectual gifts, has won even from
opponents unbounded admiration and respect

** To most of us yon are personally known. Of some, indeed, yon were, in
years long past, the trusted guide, to whom they owe more than can be ex*
pressed in words ; and all are consdous that the ingenuous fulness of your
answer to a false and unprovoked accusation, has intensified their interest in
the labours and trials of your life. While, then, we resent the indignity to
which you have been exposed, and lament the pain and annoyance which the
manifestation of yourself must have cost you, we cannot but rejoice that, in
the fulfilment of a duty, you have allowed neither the unworthiness of your
assailant to shield him from rebuke, nor the sacredness of your inmost motives
to deprive that rebuke of the only form which could at once complete his
discomfiture, free your own name from the obloquy which prejudice had cast
upon it, and afford invaluable aid to honest seekers after Truth.

** Great as is the work which you have already done, Very Reverend Sir,
permit us to express a hope that a greater yet remains for you to accomplish.
In an age and in a country in which the very foundations of religious faith are
exposed to assault, we rejoice in numbering among our brethren one so well
qualified by learning and experience to defend that priceless deposit of Truth,
in obtaining which you have counted as gain the loss of all things most dear
and precious. And we esteem ourselves happy in being able to offer you that
support and encouragement which the assurance of our unfeigned admiration
and regard may be able to give you under your present trials and future
labours.

** That you may long have strength to labour for the Church of God and
the glory of His Holy Name is, Very Reverend and Dear Sir, our heartfelt
and united prayer."

(The Subtcripiiofu follow.)

"To the Very Rev. John Henry Newman, D.D."



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LETTERS OF APPROBATION, &C. 375



IV. — ^THE DIOCESE OF BEVERLEY.

The following Address, as is stated in the first para-
graph, comes from more than 70 Priests : —

«* HuU,.M8y 9, 1864.

** Very Rev. and Dear Dr. Newman,

'* At a recent meeting of the clergy of the Diocese of
Bererley, held in York, at which npwards of seventy priests were present,
special attention was called to your correspondence with [a popular writer] ;
and such was the enthusiasm with which your name was received — such was
the admiration expressed of the dignity with which yon had asserted the
claims of the Catholic Priesthood in England to be treated with becoming
courtesy and respect— and such was the strong and aU-perrading sense of the
invaluable service which you had thus rendered, not only to faith and morals,
but to good manners so far as regarded religious controversy in this country,
that I was requested, as Chairman, to become the voice of the meeting, and
to express to you as strongly and as earnestly as I could, how heartily the
whole of the clergy of this diocese desire to thank you for services to religion
as well-timed as they are in themselves above and beyond all commenda-
tion, services which the Catholics of England will never cease to hold in
most grateful remembrance. God, in His infinite wisdom and great mercy,
has raised you up to stand prominently forth in the glorious work of re-estab-
lishing in this country the holy faith which in good old times shed such lustre
upon it We all lament that, in the order of nature, you have so few years
before you in which to fight against false teaching that good fight in which
you have been so victoriously engaged of late. But our prayers are that you
may long be spared, and may possess to the last all your vigour, and all that
zeal for the advancement of our holy faith, which imparts such a charm to the
productions of your pen.

I esteem it a great honour and a great privilege to have been deputed, as the
representative of the clergy of the Diocese of Beverley, to tender you the fullest
expression of our most grateful thanks, and the assurance of our prayers for
your health and eternal happiness.

" I am,

<< Very Rev. and Dear Sir,

^* With sentiments of profound respect,

** Yours most faithfully in Christ,

"M. TRAPPES.
** The Very Rev. Dr. Newman."



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376 SUPPLEMENTAL MATTER.



V. AND VI. — THE DIOCESES OP LIVERPOOL AND SALFORD.

The Secular Clergy of Liverpool amounted in 1864 to
103, and of Salford to 76.

" Preston, July 27, 1864.
«* Very Rev. and Dear Sir,

** It may seem, perhaps, that the Clergy of Lancashire have been
slow to address you ; but it would be incorrect to suppose that they have been
indifferent spectators of the conflict in which you have been recently engaged.
This is the first opportunity that has presented itself, and they gladly avail
themselves of their annual meeting in Preston to tender to you the united
expression of their heartfelt sympathy and gratitude.



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