John Henry Newman.

Letters and correspondence of John Henry Newman during his life in the English church, with a brief autobiography ; (Volume 2) online

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there remains a great gift and talent put into your hands.

Consider, on the other hand, what the alternative Nvould
he : perhajis the throwing it into the hands of H. or of others
like him. Can a man he justilied in risking this '} Is there
any such clear reason for not accepting it from Lord Mel-
hourne as for not suffering possihly H. to he Professor "? Is
it not a low and little-minded view to think of the offer of
such an office as a favour done to oneself, or to he jralous of
being suspected of regarding it as so much pounds, shillings
and pence, rather than to consider oneself as a soldier at the
bidding of his superiors going on any service ? This is a
king's office — as a lawful subject can you abandon him to H. ?
Further, cannot you or I, or any one we at all feel with,
sincerely and earnestly pray beforehand that it may wtt be
offered, from the very difficulty of choosing what we ought to
do ? Cannot we be sure (so to speak) that, if we had it in
our power to decide whether the offer should be made by say-
ing the words ' yes ' or ' no,' we should, whatever shooting
thoughts from other motives might take place, yet deliberately
say ' no ' ? And if we can be sure of this, have we any right
to take into account what people may say ?

Lastly, let it be considered that you are connnittetl in your
line of religious profession already. If the minister asks you
to take a post, he is asking one who has alread}' promised
what line he will take, and who ean be accused of no ingrati-
tude or double dealing if he differs from him and opposes
him.

I say all tliis partly on my own account, for 1 have been
named to the minister as well as 3'ou. and I wisli to (Kai
fairly with myself as well as with your case, and to have Nour
advice. Six have been named to him, of whom we are two
and Puscy a third. On the other hand, A\ liately. wlio is
serviceable to the Whigs at this moment, presses foi" J finds
and lauds Hampden. Cojjleston, though of no intlnenct\
favours Hampden.

Ho not let me make you think you have a greater cliance
than you have, Inu you may like to be prepared. J-'or myself,

VOL. n, M



1 62 foliu llcury Ncivnuxu 183a

I think you the only man anions; iiswlio can take it without
odium. Pusey would incur the suspicion of his Ijrother's
influence ; I, of nemi-popery.
I go to Oxford on ]\Ionday.



Eev. J. H. Newman to Piev. Pi. H. Froude,

llichnioiKJ : 'JutiiKirii 31, I 836.

I write to you in some anxiety. Keblc has a chance of
being offered the Divinity Professorship ' [N.B. — -I have reason
to think I heard this from Piose by word of mouth], and I

' On this subject the following extract from C. Gieville's Memoirs may
be given : —

' This morning I got a letter from the Duke of Bedford, enclosing one from
William Cowper to him, informing him of what took place when Hampden was
made Eegius Professor. . . . " The Archbishop of Canterbury came to Lord Mel-
bourne to announce the death of Dr. Burton. In the conversation that ensued
my uncle requested the Archbishop to send him the names of the persons that
occurred to him as best qualified for the situation, and begged him not to con-
line the list to a small number. The Archbishop sent a list including Pusey,
Newman, and Keblc; and if it was, as I believe, the list of the Archbishop which
is now before me, it contained nine names ; but it is possible he may have sent
only six, and that the other three were added from another quarter. Lord Mel-
bourne sent the nine names to the Archbishop of Dublin (Whately) without
mentioning who had recommended them, and he justified the confidence reposed
in him by giving a full and impartial statement of what he conceived to be the
qualifications of each. But previous to this he had been consulted by Lord
Melbourne, and asked whom he would recommend, and had written, on January
22, 1836, a long letter, in which he said :—' The best fitted for a theological
professorship that I have any knowledge of are Dr. Hampden and Dr. Hinds,
(afterwards Principal of Alban Hall); the qualifications I allude to, and which
they both possess in a higher degree than any others I could name, are, first,
sound learning ; secondly, vigour of mind to wield that learning, without which
the other is undigested food; and, thirdly, the moral and intellectual character
adapted for conveying instruction. Both Hinds and Hampden are what are
considered of liberal sentiments, but agree with me in keeping aloof from parties
political and ecclesiastical.' .... Lord Melbourne doubted for some time
between Arnold and Hampden, but, thinking the former rather too rash and
unsettled in his opinions for so responsible a post, decided in favour of the
latter ; and it was not till after he had made up his mind that Hampden was
the fittest person that he asked Dr. Coplcston to give him his opinion of him,
which opinion was so favourable that it confirmed him in his choice ; he did
not send any list to Copleston. You may rely on the accuracy of this state-
ment as far as it goes." '



18:56 Letters and Correspondence i6'5

tlrcafl lest he shouM decline it. I write to you, that if yoii
ap;ree Mith me, you may write to him at once. For myself, I
should <::;o hy your judj^'uient, if such a thin;? occurred to
me. . .

Then follow the arguments the reader will find in his letter
to Kelde. The letter continues :

Keble has long declared and acted on his ojiinion. As
well might O'Connell be accused of ratting when he conde-
scends to a "Whig government as Kehle might. For myself,
mrissiiiir, 1 think I may say with a clear conscience I have
no desire for it, and had I my choice would decide that the
offer should not be made to me. I am too indolent and like
my own way too well to wish it. I should be entangled in
routine business, which I abhor. I should be obliged to
tconomiso and play the humbug in a way I should detest, and
I have no love for the nuisance of house and furniture, adding
up bills, settling accounts, hiring servants, and getting up
the price of butcher's meat, I have the unpopularity, the
fame of being a party man . . . the care of tracts and the
engagements of agitation. I am more useful as I am ; but
Keble is a light too spiritual and sul)tle to be seen unless put
upon a candlestick. . .

Whately is pressing for Hinds. Copleston [Bishop of
Llandaff] writes down to his nejihew that we may rest secure,
no inexpedient man will be given us, and in town advocates
Hampden. I can only reconcile him with himself by suppos-
ing, as I do, that, by * inexpedient man ' he hints at Arnold
and me. [N.B, ?'.<', who are opposite extremes,] Hr, Goddard
has been talked of in high quarters ; also Bull, Denison [next
year Bishop of Salisbury], Jenkyns and Short [since Bishop
of St, Asaph]. Moreover T//hr, whom I should not wonder,
after all, if they fall upon as a moderate man whom no one
speaks ill of.

Wood — who has grown apostolicissimus, reveres Iving
Cliarlesand almost takes up Laud — has kept your MS. for his
instruction, so I hope to get the Raid letter franked.

I have had a long letter on the stocks for you fctr the last



164 Jolni I/cury A'cu.'iJiau 1836

fortnight, Avliicli was to have gone in a parcel with your MS,
from Rose.



PiHV. J. H. Newman to IiKv. T. Kkjjle.

Olid: Fehniunj 2, 1836.

I liavo bargained to supply ]3oone with four sheets
quarterly for the ' British Critic' Le Bas is publishing a
' Life of Laud,' and a review of it is wanted. The review of
it should get into good hands. I know no one who could do it
but you and Froude.

Mr. Dodsworth, to whom I have been introduced, is
desirous to have a series of lectures this spring on some
week day, on the Apostolical Succession Ijy preachers from
Oxford. I am going to attempt Hook, AVoodgate, S. Wilber-
force, Copeland, Oakeley, &:c. "Wilson will give you an account
of this and all our other proceedings.

The Bishop of London and Pusey are in correspondence
al^out new churches in London. •



PiEV. J. .H. Xeavman to Eev. p. H. Froude.

Oriel: the Puyifieation, 1836.

I shall flood you with letters, but yours which I found on
my table on my return yesterday requires an answer ; and
before I finish, perchance I may have news. I am charmed
with Wood ; I so wish you could see and talk with him. He
goes, or is ready to go, as far as any one.

As to my economies in my first tracts, I have much to say
about them, were not writing a bore. First, I will willingly
alter all revilings ; again, all serious charges about which I
may have changed my mind. But, so far, I have not changed
my mind, namely, in thinking that Transubstantiation, as held
by Pome, involves in matter of fact profane ideas. If the
union of the exalted nature of Christ with the qualities of
bread be the doctrine of antiquity, I yield ; else, it does seem

' To wliich Dr. Pusey is supposed to have given 5,oooZ.



3836 Letters ami ConrspoJidciicc 165

to me a substitution of something earthly for a heavenly
mystery. If I am wrong, I wish to be set right, but till then
I cannot but say what I say, though I atlmit I ought to saj' it
temperately. . . .

Christie has hallucinated considerably about Blanco AVhite.
No letters have passed between us, only he has sent me his
book. . , .

('•)dpcrci, (plXoi' yrop. You could not but get weaker this
"weather, so conlined. [N.B. — Thus ended my correspondence
with him ; I add his father's account of him.]

Yen. Akchdeacon Froude to Uev. J. H. Newman.

FchriKirij 4, 1836.

... I will leave all below for your regular correspondent
to fill. I am afraid he will not give you so satisfactory an
account of himself as we had hoped.

P.B. — Hurrell wishes me to say that he has nothing
particular to say just now, but that you shall hear from him
in three or four days. He has received your two letters.

And now, as he will not ask to see what I may write, I will
tell you in a few words that my fears for him have increased
considerably within the last week. There can be now no
doubt that he has been losing ground, that he is much thinner
than when Mr. Eogers left us, and as evidently weaker, . . .
He is generally cheerful, sleeps well, and takes a suihcient
quantit}'' of food.

Bev. J. r. CnnsTiE [Fellow of Oriel] to Ur.v. J. 11. Xkwman.

HurHlcji^ : l-'(}>n((irii ^, i!^3<J.

... 1 am rather amused with the account of (lolightly's
tilt at St. Mary's [he preached against Pusey's view of liaptism.
—J. II. N.], because Golightly has always held up Fusey as
quite coming up to his views in his cautiousness, Sec, while
i/oti, though you may be orthodox enough, do not express
3'ourself so as to keep out of the reach of llippant criticism.

' To \Yhich liviii" Keble was instituteil Jamiarv iS;6.



i66 John Henry Newman l8:jo

He (Kobk) had only been hero a week Ijefore he was
summoned away to Ch-encester [his mother-in-law's ilhicss (?)].
He set up daily service, however, in that week, which has
gone on, and which answers better than one would have
expected.^

To-day I had only the clerk and one of the servants in
the afternoon, and in the morning only one other woman
besides, who dropped in before the Psalms ; but commonly I
have five or six or seven, and in the evening several children
from the schools.

I was not ungrateful for your long letter. A man in the
country values long letters, especially from Oxford friends. I
am sorry your affair with H. has not ended more satisfactorily,
at least more graciously. It is a sad pity, because he is such
a very good fellow, and also so very industrious. You could get
something out of him. Now Mozley [T. M,, his great friend]
and the rest of us are such idle dogs that nothing is to be
done with us.

Fi'hi'iianj 9. — I wrote this last night, and have since got
Wilson's letter. As to Hampden, all that can be said is that
he is better than Arnold, who would have made friends and
become a centre, which Hampden will not.

Fehruary 15. — The last letter from Oxford, that from
Wilson, gave me no notion of any opposition to Hampden's
appointment, and I was quite taken by surprise by the glorious
news you had to give me. It is a great bore for you to have
to live such a salamander sort of life.

To Mr. Newman's urgent appeal of January 30, Mr. Keble
— allowing some days to pass — answers with characteristic
brevit}', leaving what might have been his decision, had the
choice been offered him, entirely in the dark ; and turning at
once to the subject of the actual appointment :

' ' Keble's marriage took place at Bislev, on October 10, 1S35, ami the newly-
married couple went to Southampton, where they remained. I believe, till they
took possession of the parsonage at Hursley.' — Life of Keblc. Mr. Christie
must have undertaken duty there during his absence.



]s:{() J,cllcrs and Correspondence 167

PiEV. T. Kerle to PiEv. J. H. Newman.

Cirenccstc)' : Fehniarjj 10, KS36.
I am very miuli obliged by your two letters. The tir.st
would have alaimed me more than it did if I had not some-
how made up my mind to believe that it was quite impossible
the thing should l)c so [N.B. the report that hr, Keblo, was
to be Professor of Divinity], and how I privately made up my
mind matters not, as I make no question what we hciir this
morning from Miss Harrison will prove correct, and that the
H. oflast year's renown [N.B. 1 suspect this means Hampden]
will be the worthy successor of Sanderson, i^-c. "What can be
done ? I should think a sort of respectful nu'morial to the
Archbishop and Bishops might be got up, stating, /ar/.s merely
as to what Hampden has taught, and as to what infhu-nce he
would have, and leaving them to judge whether something
should not be done to remove candidates for Orders out of his
reach.

Eev. J. H. Xkw:\ian to .T. "W. Bowden, Es(j.
(h-'u'l C'oll('iic : Ash Wcdncsdaij, Fchntarij 17, 1836.

1 had hoped by this post to have sent you some definite
intelligence about our afiairs here, but after all nothing is yet
decided, though the Archl)ishop expected it would be ; and the
most discordant rumours prevail. Pose seems to fear we
shall be unsuccessful ; and, if so, on the ground that Ham])den
was made floral Philosophy Professor after his Bampton
Lectures. Now 1 am malicious enough to feel some annise-
ment at this; for Gaisford and the Vice-Chancellor [Powley
of University] were afraid of me as l)eing ultra, and tliought
Hampden the safer man.

]^y-the-bye, "Wood, perhaps, has told you, (jlse you will be
amused to hear of the following speech of Lord ^felbourne's
I the Premier ) to his ("Wood's) l)r()ther. * How is it that in your
sluggish University, a college should be found which has pro-
duced so many men of unusual views ? There are ^Vhately and
Arnold ; now again Dr. Hampden ; and then agiiin, itriil<i;ii'nis
too, though in a different way, Keble and Newman.'



1 68 loJni Ilcury Ncn'inan 1830

I'lic Ai-elil)islu»p fears to present our petition as being on
the verge of constitutional pix'cedent ; and I believe it is cer-
tain that, if Hampden is not appointed, some moderate man,
such as Denison, will be Professor. Our friends have no
chance. Another friend in London tells me that we are pretty
safe from Hampden, and that the affair will lie over for some
time.

I know not what to wish ; we gain and lose in both alter-
natives. If he is not appointed, we have gained a victory ;
and besides we are safe from the extreme annoyance and mis-
chief which must attend the appointment. And whoever
succeeds will be virtually cm-bed in any liberalistic propen-
sities by our present proceedings in their success. On the
other hand, if Hampden is appointed, a headship of a hall
and a professorship will both, I suppose, be let loose.
that Keble might have a chance of the former ! Again, the
Ministry will be at open war with the Church ; the Archbishop
will be roused : and a large number of waverers in this place
will be thrown into our hands. Our Theological Society will
increase in consequence at once. "What a lucky thing it is
just set up ! My scope in devising it was to restrain the
vagaries of Hampden and such as he ; but I little thought
it would be so soon needed. Moreover, were Hampden ap-
pointed, we should be enabled to push a formal investigation
into his opinions before the Yice-Chancellor, and nothmg
would do us more good in these times than the precedent of a
judicial investigation and sentence. It is said that Arnold had
the offer of the professorship before Hampden and declined it.

... I suppose I shall soon hear of something from him
(Hampden) in answer to my pamphlet [' Elucidations '] ^
— though that must be in other words an answer to himself,
since I do but quote him.

[At the meeting at Corpus, February lo, 1836, a petition
was drawn up — I suppose to the Archbishop (the King?) —
and sent off next night to him through Eose at Lambeth,
with seventy-six names, including Eouth. On the morning

' See a contemporary report of the feeling in Oxford on Hampden's appoint-
ment.— ZiC/^crs of Ucv. J. B. Mozlcjj, pp. 50, 51.



1830 Letters and Correspondence 169

of the iQtli I had two letters from I'lOso, one a private
one, the other official, as from the Archbishop. I am not
certain they came together ; nothing depends on it.— J. H. N.]

PiEV. H. J. EosE TO PiEv. J. II. Newman.

L((iiihr(}i : Fchruanj 18, 1836.

[PKIVATE.]

You will have learned, 1 doubt not, ere this that Dr.
Hampden's appointment is awfinncd — that uitelligence has
just reached this place. I lose no time in assuring you
(although such an assurance maj- be considered as su])crtluous)
that every step which would have rescued your I'niversity
from this evil was not only taken, but was taken without the
least delay. But the determination of the ^linisters has
prevailed against every effort.

It is always a source of comfort to those who are to be
the sufferers under any evil to know that they have left
nothing undone, which could be done, to ward it off"; more
especially in a case where such momentous interests are at
stake is such a remembrance satisfactory.

I need not say to yon how deeply and sincerely I condole
with you ; nor shall I attempt to give expression on this occa-
sion to the feelings which you will be well assured I entertain.

Eev. H. J. EosE TO PiEV. J. II. Newman.

LanihrtJi : l-'chniani 16, 1 836.
[public and official.]

I am directed by the Archbishop to say, that from the con-
sideration wliicli is due to his ISIajesty it is dcsinihlc to avoid
so strong a step as the presenting the petition transmitted to
his Grace through me ; but that he will, if those gentlemen
who signed it should be satislied with that course, irtdin it, and
act to the best of his judgment according to circumstances.

[N.B. .June 24, 1862. — I have preserved both these letters.
—J. II. N.]

Extract from ' Chronological Notes ' :



170 John Henry Ncionian iHuf.;

Fihnian/ 8, 1836. — News of ll;uiipdcn"s appohitnioiit to
Burton's place.

FehriMrtj 10. — Meeting about it in C.C. Common-riooni.

Sat up all night at my pamphlet against Hampden.
[' Elucidations.']

Februarjj 13. — Isly pamphlet out.

March 22. — Convocation about Dr. Hampden.

The following letter shows the writer impressed with a
work to do, which ever since his illness in Sicily had
possessed his mind, and would especially occupy it on his
birthday :

B.EV. J. H. NEw:\rAN to his Sister Jemi:ma.

February 21, 1836.

Many thanks for the news contained in your letter. . . .
Thank also my Mother and Harriett for their congratulations
upon this day. They will be deserved if God gives me
grace to fulfil the purposes for which He has led me on
hitherto in a wonderful way. 1 think I am conscious to
myself that, whatever are my faults, I wish to live and die to His
glory — to surrender wholly to Him as His instrument, to
Avhatever work and at whatever personal sacrifice, though I
cannot duly realize my own words when I say so. He is
teaching me, it w'ould seem, to depend on Him only : for, as
perhaps Eogers told you, I am soon to lose dear Froude —
which, looking forward to the next twenty-five years of my
life, and its probable occupations, is the greatest loss I could
have. I shall be truly widowed, yet I hope to bear it lightly.

Yen. Aechdeacon Froude to Eev. J. H. NEwr^rvx.

Fchruary 18, 1836.

My dear Hurrell desires me to account to you for his long
silence, but .... I am sure you must have attributed it to
the real cause, and be prepared for a confirmation of the fears
I then expressed. . . . All hope of his recovery is gone ;
but we have the comfort of seeing him quite free from jiain, and



]8.% J. c iters and Correspondence 171

in sure trust that the chan^^; will be a happy one whenever it
shall please God to take him.

His thoughts continually turn to Oxford, to yourself, and
to Mr. Keble; but my heart is too full to add more than his
instructions to thank you for all you have written to him, and
to say how much he was mterested in Mr. Rogers' most amus-
ing account of the late proceedings in the University.



Vi:x. Archdeacon Froide to Eev. J. H. Newman.

Fi'hrndnj 23.

Your friend is still alive. The morning after I wrote my
last he awoke with a fluttering about the heart and a pulsation
at the wrist I could not count. Our apothecary thought he
could not Hve out the day [There was a rally due to a
sudden abatement of pulse] , but our doctor holds out no hope
of any change having taken place that should raise our expec-
tations be3'ond that of a short respite.

As lie continues free from pain or any very uncomfortable
sensation except that of extreme weakness ... I am thank-
ful that he is permitted to remain with us even for a few days.
On no account, my dear Mr. Newman, would I have you come
down. No good could come of it. You shall hear again from
me in a few days, sooner if anything occurs that should call
for an earlier communication.

Hurrell desires me to thank you, and also to say that he
is ' sorry that he has given you any trouble about those stupid
accounts,' to use his own words, and that he cannot scrape u])
ideas and strength enough to write to you himself. Should
he, contrary to all reasonable grounds for hope, get a little
about again, do tell ^Mr. "Williams his paying us a short visit
will give us great pleasure indeed.

Yen. Archdeacon Froude to Rev. J. 11. Newman.

Dart'nif/toit l^nrxonafic : FchriKtiff 2H, 1S36.

^fy dear son died this day. Since my last ho has been
gradually but (juietly sinking. After a rather more than



172 fohu Ilcnry Neivvian ISO;

usually restless inj^lit, ho spoke of himself us l)ehif,' quite com-
fortable this morning, and appeared to hear the service of the
day and a sermon read to him with so much attention that I
did not think tlie sad event so near as it lias l)een. About
two o'clock, as I was recommending him to take some egg
and wine, I observed a difficult}' in his breathing. . . . He
attempted to speak, and then after a few slight struggles his
sufferings were at an end.

Will you, my dear Mr. Newman, select anything you please
as a token of remembrance from 3'our departed friend.

The Editor's family correspondence brings in interesting
notices of Froude. Thus there is a touching postscript to a
letter of Harriett Newman's, in the last stage of his illness.
' Who can refrain from tears at the thought of that bright and
beautiful Froude ? He is not expected to last long.' A
passage in a letter from T. Mozley to his sister Maria tells of
the first reception of the news of his death in Oxford :

Newman had arranged to go to Dartington from London if
he found a letter there. It was, however, purposely directed to
Oxford, and it was sad news for Newman on returning to Oxford
to find it so near. He opened the letter in my room, and could
onty put it into m}^ hand, with no remark. He afterwards,
Henry Wilberforce told me, lamented with tears (not a common
thing for him) that he could not see Froude just to tell him
how much he felt that he had owed to him in the clearing and
strengthening of his views.

I dare sa}' there is no one who has said more severe and
cutting things to me, yet the constant impression Froude has
always left on my mind is that of kindness and sweetness.

Again, writing to his brother John, a few days later :

. . . Fronde's death seems not a gloom, but a calm sadness
over the College. Newman showed me his father's letter
written the same day — perfectly quiet and manly — making
various arrangements ; and telling Newman and his friends to
make selections from Fronde's scantv collection of books, to



Online LibraryJohn Henry NewmanLetters and correspondence of John Henry Newman during his life in the English church, with a brief autobiography ; (Volume 2) → online text (page 14 of 47)