John Henry Newman.

Letters and correspondence of John Henry Newman during his life in the English church, with a brief autobiography ; (Volume 2) online

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Churchmen for fear of Popery. What a miserable reflection it
is, that there should be an Apostolical society composed of
persons, whose conduct is such as to confirm (one might
almost say to justify) the Piomanists in their errors, and by
its presence to oppose a positive obstacle, humanly speaking,
to their being reclaimed !

We travelled yesterday with the clergyman of Westport,
Co. Mayo, who told us of the proceedings of Mr. Nangle, who
has settled with some Protestants in Achill, an island off
Mayo, without a church and hitherto without a resident
clergyman. His point of attack on the peasantry is Tran-
substantiation, upon which he uses rationalistic and ludicrous-
arguments. In this sad way he has converted about sixty
persons, and our friend recounted some profane stories about
this with great satisfaction. , . .

The National Board schools have fallen in these parts —
owing to the non-interference of the clergy and non-residence
of the landlords — entirely under the direction of the priests.
They are attended solely by Pi. C. children ; and then* own
books, very naturally, used in them. Wherever there are
Protestants they have their own schools, and reject the
National Board aid and system ; not, however, at all on
Church, but on ultra-Protestant, principles.

Eev, J. H. New^^ian to F. Piogers, Esq.

Oriel College : August 30, 1S36.

You have taken a great deal of pains, and thank you. Mi
fli, you are praiseworth}-, but what mean you by that strange
flight of yours against parsons' wives ? I should commend
you, for it is well meant, except that, first, it is not quite true :



1S3G Letters and Correspondence 2 1 1

next, as not being so, I fear a reaction, and that in your next
letter you will be staking tlie force of your persuasions and their
success upon that hapless youth, W. Parsons' wives, you see,
are useful in a parish, and that in a "way in which no man can
rival them. Do you find a substitute for them, and perhaps
your ingenuity may, and then give full swing to your virtuous
impulses. But at present you must bear to be candid towards
them.'

Eev. J. H. Newman to Eev. J. Keble.

Oriel: Si'2)tcinher 14, 1836.

I hope that this and several of your University Sermons
will find a place in 3'our Village Sermons. It seems to me
your iritncss will be important — that is the first consideration.
At the Convocation about Hampden a non-resident, standing
near H. Wilberforce, said, in his hearing, ' I wish I had a clear
view. Does any one know which side Keble is on ? ' If your
sermons simply did this on a number of daily matters —
namely, give your side — it would be object enough for publish-
ing them.

I hope to get on with the transcription of dear Froude's
MSS. James Mozley has been hard at St. Thomas [of Can-
terbury] the whole vacation.

Pusey is setting on foot a ' Library of Catholic Fathers '
(translated). He and I are editors ; think, please, of trans-
lators.

The Bishop of Oxford [Bagot] to Bev. J. H. Newman.
Cnihh'sdon : Thursdaji, September 22, 1836.
I was so much pleased with your sermon ■^ to-day that I

' In spite of its bantering tone, the Editor values this tcstimooy to woman's
parisli work. It was written after the services of his Mother and Sisters to
Littlemorc, which were remarkable, and left a remarkable iniprcBsion on the
memory of the Littlcmore people.

- On the consecration of Littlemorc Cliapcl. The text of this Hcrnion was
taken from St. Luke x. 24 : ' For I tell you that many prophets and kings havo
desired to sec those things which ye sec, and have not seen them; and to hear
those things which yo hear, and have not heard them.' This sermon docs not
seem to have been published.



o J 2



fohii Ilcury Ncunian



183G



should feci nuieli gratified and obliged if you would allow me
to read it. If, however, you feel any objection to an applica-
tion of this kind, pray do not scruple to decline in my case.

SepUnnhcr 30. — In returning the sermon the Bishop writes :
* Many thanks for your sermon. I have read it with sincere
delight.'

PiEV. J. H. Newman to J. W. Bowden, Esq.

Oriel College : September 22,, 1836.

Your absence [at the consecration] was a great disappoint-
ment to us ; but the flagon seemed to stand in your place. It
is exceedingly handsome, and was much admired. Our party
consisted of Rogers, E. AVilliams, I. Williams, H. Wilberforce
and his wife, Mozley [T.] and his sister. The day was fine,
and, as you may suppose, the chapel full. "Williams read, and
I preached. The east end is quite beautiful. We had a
profusion of bright flowers, in bunches, all about the chaj)el.
The Bishop was much pleased. There were a number of
details which made it a most delightful da}", and long, I hope,
to be remembered here. Two children were baptized after-
wards. The Eucharist not till Sunday.

There is to be a view of the interior, as it was on the day,
in the ' Memorials of Oxford.'

On the 27th of this month Mr. Newman's eldest sister
Harriett was married to the Bev. Thomas Mozley, then Rector
of Cholderton. The marriage took place at St. Werburgh's,
Derby, the Rev. S. Rickards officiating.

Rev. J. Eeele to Rev. J. H. Newman.

JlnrsU'ii : October 4, 1836.

I am going to write to Pusey immediately to send in my
adhesion to the proposed pkin. Although I almost feel it a
pious fraud, acting as if I knew so much more than I really
do about the Fathers. As to the Archbishop [Howley], it is
merely a theory of Rogers that I should have any objection to
the book being dedicated to him : j^rovided the dedication say



183G Letters and Coryespoudeiu-e 2 i 3

■notJdng about uhliijdtions nJiicJt the Chard' is under to him, or
about Ids 2><-'>'sonaljitues>i for the office. I tlnnk it would be, as
far as it went, a great niikindness to him to make him think
that such was the opinion of his clergy generally. Pusey, by
his letter to-day, has heard a different set of opinions ex-
pressed ; he says no one but the Chapters are discontented,
but I hear nothing but extreme disapprobation expressed by
the parochial clergy.

The Archbishop is coming here next Friday week, to stay
till Monday — i.e. at Heathcoto's. I wonder if Hose would come
to stay with me at the same time, if 1 asked him. How hai)py
he must be to get rid of the trammels : for I suppose, of course,
that he ceases now to be chaplahi [i.e. on his taking the Head-
ship of King's College]. AVho will have the Magazine ?
AVould Dodsworth do ?

I am extremely obliged to you for looking over my Visita-
tion Sermon. Your and my brother's approbation gave me
so much courage that I thundered it out more emphatically
almost than ever I did anything in my life, and to my great
surprise they asked mo to print it. This, I thought, was out of
the question at Winchester on such a subject with such a
divided clergy. I did not promise to do so, but I believe 1
shall.

Harrison, who was accidentally at Winchester, and who
afterwards came out here with his sisters for a few days, seems
to think that the main body of Low Churchmen about here
are in a very imdleahle state on the subject, and that a little
judicious striking, now the iron is hot, would do them much
good. I was certainly surprised at Dr. Dealtry's way of taking
it ; and yet his charge was throughout a mere Establishment
business, and he took pains to say that })e was still a friend
of the Bible Society.

Archdeacon Froude to Eev. J. H. Nkwman.

Dartiiitjton I'arsonat/e : October I},, 1S36.

I sent off a parcel to you three days" ago by Henry
Champernowne. It contains the text of dt ar H^jrrcU's manu-



214 John Henry Newman 1836

scriptH. All your letters to him that I can fmd arc also
inclosed. With the latter I must confess I have not parted
^vithollt regret. They arc memorials of your affectionate
friendship with one whose image is ever before me, and to
which I could never turn without a delightful interest that I
cannot describe. His correspondence for many years with
myself turns prmcipally on little passing incidents, or relates
to matters of private concern ; but it is of great value to me
as a sort of journal from early boyhood nearly to the time of
our separation.



S. F. "Wood, Esq., to Rev. J. H. Newman.

Temjjle : Saturday night, October 2g, 1836.

. . . Bowden wrote to me some time ago saying that
Harrison was very anxious to have a i^aper set up on Catholic
principles against the * Eecord,' and that Dodsworth wished it
too. I cannot wish to have any of our friends involved in
such a net of turmoil and controversy, running the hazard of
hastily pledging the rest to this or that, rudely treading on the
verge of sacred things, &c. Can you ?



Eev. Dr. Spry to Rev. J. H. Newiman.

Precincts, Canterbury: November 12, 1836.

I am delighted at the prospectus Pusey, Keble and you
have put forth respecting translations from the Fathers, and I
will thank you to enter my name as a subscriber to the work.
We sadly want that correct knowledge respecting the Church,
its privileges, its character, its authority, which the Fathers
teach ; and glad shall I be to see the rising clergy studying in
that school. If we cannot have, and I fear we have no chance
of obtaining, theological seminaries where sound principles
may be regularly inculcated, the next best thing is to enable
young men with little cost or trouble to acquire them for
themselves ; and I earnestly beg a blessing on all your well
devised exertions in this holy cause.



1836 Letters and Correspondence 2 1 5

PiEv. J. H. Newman to Miss M. E. Gicerne.

(h'id College: November 2j, 1836.

The * Lyra Apostolica ' is just out. I am getting on with a
new vohime on Romanism, but slowly. I have re-writlL-n
some parts an incredible number of times. We seem to be
making way very remarkably here in Apostolical views : so
much so that our success quite frightens mc, as being unnatu-
ral — may it be supernatural !

"What a magnificent sermon Keble's is [on Tradition ?].
I think it the boldest and most powerful composition we have
yet put out.

PiEV. H. W. WiLBERFORCE TO PiEV. J. II, XeWMAX.

Tuesday, November 22, 1836.

If you arc going to reprint the * Arians ' it will give me
both pleasure and profit, as I once proposed to you, to index
it. Please let me know. I am going, anyhow, to read it
again.

I was in Dcaltry's house, where also was the Dean of
Chichester [Chandler]. In Chandler I was agreeably disap-
pointed. He said most stronrjly how invaluable to the Church
had been our Hampden business. Next, the Prcemiinire was
very much discussed between the whole party and Sam. The
feeling of the great men [the Dean and Dealtry] was very
encouraging. They all seem quite of one mind that the evil
must be resisted, though doubtful how. How Frouderan on,
about ten years in advance of the Church ! Do you remember
how every one shrieked at his daring when first he stirred that
question? But what is better than this — (i) the Dean said :
* It is always unpleasant to say ^Yhat one " would have done "
in such and such circumstances, but I may mention that I
and the Archdeacon and others had talked the matter over,
and had come to the resolution that, if Hampden was nomi-
nated, we would not elect him ' ? There is something for you.
<2) As to Dealtry, even now he keeps in the Bible Society, and
has joined the new Pastoral Aid ; but he is a fine fellow. He



2i6 John Ilcnry Ncivnian 180S

npokc most lii^hly of Kcblc's Visitation Sermon. The only
fault lie found in it was that it was an hour and a half long I
As to the doctrine, he says it gave great offence, but, he
thought, quite without cause. There is another fact which
I know to bo true : namely, he was offered the bishopric of
Chichester if he would vote for tlie ' Appropriation Clause.'
He refused. It was said in his presence that Otter was iiot
pledged ; he said, ' Oh, I am sure that he is.'

Jebb is indeed a cheering man ; cheering, I mean, because,
without being at all of your school or Pusey's, he has como
by original study of Christian antiquity to exactly the same
conclusions. He told me that he liad ncYcr till lately read
even such books as Bingham, but almost exclusively the
ancient originals. About nine months ago [when he came
from Dublin] he did not know that there were any persons of
Apostolical views in the English Church, He told me that,
if he had known it about tln-ee years ago, vrhen he was doubt-
ing where to reside, he would certainly have taken up his
abode at Oxford. You must get to know him [June i8,
1862. I believe 1 never saw Mr. Jebb. I have preserved one
long letter of his of this year 1836. It was too systematic
to extract from and too long to transcribe. — J. H. N.] ; he is
just thirty-one. He said to me, * You may conceive how-
delighted I am to find the English Catholics doing the very
things I have been longing for, for years.' He meant particu-
larly your daily service, and what I told him you talked of,
weekly communion, &c. . , .

I have just by me here a man who has been four years in
one of the chief churches in New York. The account he gives
is, that among the clergy there is more Church principle than
here ; but I regret to say they all allow the prejudice of colour
to interfere in Church matters. Only think of this. There
are very few churches in which they will allow coloured men
to worship at all with the whites. ' Coloured ' does not mean
negro, but any one who has any cross of negro blood, however
distant even.

There is nothing certainly in the maVcr of the following



1836 Letters and Correspondenje 217

letter that asks for or justifies the perpetuity of jn-int, but
the manner is distinctly that of the writer :



EeV. J. 11. NkWMAN to J. B. MOZLEY, Escj.

London: December 10, 1836.
My dear James, — I want you to do me a favour. Please
go at once to my room ; stand opposite the bookcase, look
down at the two closets with their silk flutings ; select the left-
hand one, as you stand. It seems fast, but it is open. It
only wants any key whatever in the lock to overcome its
sticking. Open it ; on the second shelf from the top, a lot of
sermons lie, crammed in. I want one of them, viz. the one I
preached December 4, 1836, i.e. last Sunday. I think it is
No. 437, and the text from i John ii. Please put it into a
parcel with whatever letters are|[lying for me, and let me have
it directed to No. t,6, Grosvenor Stpiare, at Pi. Williams, Esq.
I shall want to preach it on Wednesday next, but should like
to have it directly.

James B. Mozley, Esq., to Bev. J. II. Newmax.

December 1 1, 1836.

Keble went down on Thursday and so fheatod the Theo-
logical this time. The first part of next term lie reads two
papers successively on fiva-r/jpia. Harrison read on Friday
on the disputed text, St. John. He has been preaching this
morning at St. Mary's on the text 'Firstbornof every creature' ;
the subject, the Mediatorial Kingdom of Christ generally.

Pusey made himself ill again by his party on Tuesday^
and is not recovered yet.

Archdeacon Froude to Bev. J. 11. Newman.

Dartimiton ]'(irs(>n(i;/e : Deeenihcr 13, 1836.

Nutcomb Oxenham has delighted me by saying there is
a chance of my seeing you and Mr. Williams here during the
vacation. I write, then, to press most earnestly on you both



2i8 [ohn Ilcnry Neivinan 1836

the fulfilment of the hope he has raised. Name your own
day, make it as early a one as you can ; but, as I have the
l^romise of a short visit from Mr. Southey, and feel sure you
■will like him, do manage your plan so that you will stay out
the second week in January. I will try to prevail on Mr.
Keble to meet you. I hear you have a splendid altar table
[at Littlemore] ; that which dear Hurrell designed, and had
executed for my chancel, is now in its proper place.



S. F. Wood, Esq., to Eev. J. H, Newman.

J'emjjlc : St. Tiiomas's Eve, December 20, 1836.

Dodsworthhas told me something to-day which you should
by all means know, whatever weight is to be attached to it.
There is a Mr. Harvey, a good sort of man, clergyman of
Highgate, a common friend of his and Boone's, from whom he
has learned the following : —

Boone is immensely disgusted with your Wiseman article,
and declares that, if another of the same kind is sent, he will
throw up the editorship (they say you make Wiseman a peg
to hang your 'attacks on Protestantism on). Now this is more
probably a mode of expressing anger than a real expression
of purpose ; still, anyhow, it is an indication of his state of
feeling, and of what things may be tending to, against which
one should be forearmed for the purpose of dictating terms.

Very much on the same ground that I object to a news-
paper, I should be very sorry to see you hampered and engaged
by review editorship ; but, in case of your thinking proper to
undertake it, we must all, of course, do our best, and I think
we could manage it. Dodsworth and one or two men would
then come forward, and Bowden, Eogers, Mozley, the Wilber-
forces, and your Oxford friends would be more energetic. . .

So far as to the feasibility of it ; as to the expediency,
Bose's being frightened, the thing beginning in a split, &c.,
would all have to be considered.

At the close of an eventful year the Editor interrupts the



1836 Letters and Corycspondcnce 219

course of the ' Letters and Correspondence,' to give a picture
of Mr. Newman as seen and known at this time in the seat
of his influence 1)}' the world at large. A vivid and lovmg
memory, in looking back at these days, has written thus of
Mr. Newman's manner in the pulpit of St. Mary's: —

' The reader will not need to be told that there was a
something which neither the press nor the most skilful pencil
can ever perpetuate in the whole manner and delivery of the
preacher. What that something was we utterly despair of
giving even a faint idea of to any man who did not witness it.
To those who are justly penetrated with the force and beauty
of these printed sermons, we can only say with /Eschincs,
"What if you had heard himself in-onounce it?" And yet
nothing could at first sight be more opposite to the manner
of the great Athenian orator. Action in the common sense
of the word there was none. Through many of them the
preacher never moved anything but his head. His hands were
literally not seen from the beginning to the end. The sermon
began in a calm musical voice, the key slightly rising as it
went on ; by-and-bye the preacher warmed with his subject, it
seemed as if his very soul and body glowed with suppressed
emotion, There were times when, in the midst of the most
thrilling passages, he would pause, without dropping his voice,
for a moment which seemed long, before he uttered with
gathered force and solemn it}' a few weighty words. The very
tones of his voice seemed as if they were something more
than his own. There are those who to this day in reading
many of his sermons have the whole scene brought back
before them. The great church, the congregation all breath-
less with expectant attention. The gaslight just at the
left hand of the pulpit, lowered that the preacher might not
be dazzled ; themselves, perhaps, standing in the half darkness
under the gallery, and then the pause before those words in
the "Ventures of Faith" (vol. iv.) thrilled through them —
" They say unto Him, We are able " — or those in the seventh
sermon in the sixth volume, " The Cross of Christ."

' Nor should the manner of reading the Psalms and the



2 20 John Jlcnry Newman J8;i7

Scripture lessons in tlie service which preceded the sci-mon be
passed over. Its chief characteristics were the same. Why
is it that, while many things at the time even more impressive
have faded from tlie memory, one scene, or perhaps one
cadence, remains fixed in it for hfe '? Thus it is that one
who more than forty years ago stood just before him ahiiost a
boy in the college chapel, has at this moment in his ears the
sound of the words, "Oh, magnify the Lord our God and
worship Him upon His holy hill — for the Lord our (Jod, is
Holij." ' J

Eev. J. H. Newman to Mrs. John Mozley.

January 5, 1837.

My book ['Prophetical Office'] is all but finished,
but very little has passed through the press. It is no ad-
vance on anything I have said, but a systematising, con-
solidating, supplying premisses, kc. I say nothing, I believe,
without the highest authority among our writers ; yet it is so
strong that everything I have yet said is milk and water to it,
and this makes me anxious. It is all the difference between
drifting snow and a hard snowball.



Key. J. H. Newman to F. Eogees, Esq.

Orid: January 7, 1837.

I want your impression of several things. Routh has been
kind enough to accept my offer of dedication, and in a really
pleasant way. He said he had allowed very few dedications
to him, and mentioned particularly the case of one person who
wished to dedicate, and he advised him to address some one
who could be a better patron, which the man did ; but, said
he, ' I will not say so to Mr. Newman, as I am sure he is not
looking to get on in life.' Perhaps I think it is so ' pretty '
because it is flattering. However, what say you to a dedica-
tion of this sort ? Study it, and fix your first impression, so
as not to report it before you read on to sec my reason for it : —

' Dublin Review, April 1869.



]8:i7 Letters and Correspondence 221

' To Martin F. Ilouth, D.D., President of Magdalen College,
who lias been reserved to report to a degenerate age the
theology of our Fathers, this volume is [most] respectfully
inscribed, with grateful sense of his services towards the Faith,
and with the prayer, that what he has witnessed to others
may bo his own comfort and support, in the day of account.'

Is * grateful sense ' arrogant in me ? But what I want you
to do is, first, to correct it, next, to weigh this reason. I felt
very unwilling to say anything in the Dedication which might
(if it be not a bold thing to say) do Routh harm. I mean, I
did not wish to flatter, particularly considering ho has never
been called upon for active services ; so I have put at the end
something serious and practical. But I want your impression
of it.

What do you say to this title ? — 'Lectures on the Middle
Way between Eomanism and Popular Protestantism.'

Then, what say you to this motto ? Is there a chance of
its being taken as arrogant and self-regarding ? — ' They that
shall be of thee shall build the old waste places : thou shalt
raise up the foundations of many generations ; and thou shalt
be called, TIic repairer of the breach, The restorer of paths to
dwell in.' You see it is addressed by Isaiah to the Church, —
i.e. the Anglican, hy me.

I am very anxious about this book. I cannot conceal from
myself that it is neither more nor less than hitting Protestan-
tism a hard blow in the face. I do not say whether the
argument is good or not. I need not have the better of it,
and yet may hit a blow. Pusey has seen one lecture, and he
said, without my speaking, that it would put people out of
breath, so that they would not be able to retort ; and
tliat before they recover their wind, wo must fetch them
a second blow. It is curious Froude compared my letter to
Arnold to a blow in the stomachj and tiie Bishop of Winton,
the tracts, to shaking the fist in the face.

To my astonishment Rivington has just sent me word that
the tract on the Breviary is coming to a second edition.

Rivington had told me the tracts were selling well, but



222 John Henry Newman 1837

7 50 copies of the * lloman Breviary ' since July last is portentous.
I am getting into controversy with the * Christian Observer '
in its oicii 'pcKjcs. I fervently hope I may be able to teaze them
bisque ad neccm, insaniam, or something else equally bad.

The flame is kindling at Cambridge — tiny, but true, I hope.
The Bishop of Exeter, at the consecration of some churches,
has been expanding the end of his Charge into sermons in the
most marvellous way, and is exciting quite a sensation. They
say he has quite thrown off the political ground.

Boone, I see, in the ' British Critic ' (end of article on Jebb)
goes on making us confessors and martyrs.

Eose, unasked, has made the amende.

I have had more requests to lend my Littlemore Consecra-
tion sermon than any ever (I; think).

What an egotistical letter this is ! — as all mine are.

Eev. J. H. Newman to J. W. Bowden, Esq.

Oriel: Januari) 16, 1837.

I am putting a little trouble on you ; it is about the
* Christian Observer.'

You know, first, they have cliallcngcd an answer from us ;



Online LibraryJohn Henry NewmanLetters and correspondence of John Henry Newman during his life in the English church, with a brief autobiography ; (Volume 2) → online text (page 18 of 47)