John Henry Newman.

Letters and correspondence of John Henry Newman during his life in the English church, with a brief autobiography ; (Volume 2) online

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and suspicion if you in Oxford would now suggest this, as the
proper mode of presenting it when it is signed ? I believe it
would give a fresh impetus, and add a great number of
signatures. The clergy will then feel that they cannot be
casting a slur upon their own, perhaps wavering, Bishops,
while they express their admiration of the Archbishop's line of
conduct ; that they are really supporting the whole Bench in
addressing the Primate. If not, I fear it will be the address
of a minority, or at least only a part of the clergy, who are
the Archbishop's party, whose numbers will be compared with
another party, the Bishop of London's ; and not only the
clergy, but the Bench will be divided. And a feeling of regard
and respect and obedience to their own diocesan, will in several
dioceses have been weakened if they sign ; or if too strong to
yield, they will give an unhappy handle to the opposite cause.

I know not, though, why I am saying all this to you, who
will feel more anxious about it, and look at it in more of its
bearings than myself. I meant to have told you that I fear
our hopes will not be realised about London, kc, except by
active exertion.



1833 Letters and Correspondence j 3

[In consequence of this letter, I think, Palmer went to
London at once. — J. H. N.]



Eev. "W. Palmkr to Eev. J. H. Newman,

Bath Ilotrl, Piccadilli/ : Dccemher 28, 1833.

I write a line to say that, after much deliberation, it is
finally settled that we shall write to all our friends request-
ing them to make application to the Bishops, through the
Archdeacons, to present the addresses from their respective
dioceses ; and adding that this is the particular wish and
desire of those who originated and promoted the address.

I will send you down a circular to this effect, which, if you
approve, you will perhaps get printed and send me a lot.

The Ministry, I hear, are astonished at the activity and
success of our movement. The Bishop of London is appeased,
and wishes to present the address. I saw it lying at Biving-
ton's to-day with Archdeacon Cambridge's signature at the
head.

I believe it will go on well here after all.



PiEV. J. H. Newman to Eev. J. Keble.

Oriel: T)('cemh€r 2S, 1833.

No great news, except tliat the Bishop of London is
said not to be for the address. I can hardly believe he has
gone back. The ' Record ' has ratted round, advocates the
Oxford Society", and announces that the objectionable tracts
are withdrawn and others substituted. There is a hitch in
the lay address. The Duke of "Wellington is against it at
the moment. Difficult, I suppose, in London to separate from
politics. I almost think Sir Piobert Inglis is inclined to agree
with him.

Writing from London, Mr. ]3owden, at the close of 1S33,
sends cautious anticipations of what tlie coming meeting of
Parliament will be enj^a^red on,



14 loliiL Ilcnry Ncwiuan 1833

J. W. BoAVDEN, Esq., to Rev. J. H. Newman.

. . . Everybody thinks the Government will do something
when Parliament meets, which will make these points party
questions, and then you will find many ears deafened to all
you can teach.

I have not touched [in his paper] on Church property, for
that is unhappily a party question already. Tcmima fwjit.

An entry in the * Chronological Notes ' at the opening of
1834 shows it to have been a busy year.

[In the following year my Journal is fall of our meetings,
gatherings, dinners, soirees, correspondence day by day and
term by term, which a simple transcript would alone do
justice to. — J. H. N.]

A few notes may be taken from it as landmarks :

Januarjj i . — First proof of Sermons from Eivington's.

January 15. — Set out for Derby (Mozleys).

Januarij 16. — Breakfasted at Birmingham [the first time I
saw Birmingham].

March 11. — My first volume of Sermons out.

March 24. — At this time I was lecturing at Littlemore
every Monday.

April 23. — Began for first time weekly lectures in Adam
de Brome's Chapel.

June 10. — First day of Installation ; Duke's levee ; Arch-
bishop's levee.

June 13.— Rose, Sewell, Palmer of Magdalen, Wordsworth
at breakfast.

June \6. — First day in Bodleian [collated MSS. of frag-
ments of Dionysius Alex.].

June 30. — Began daily service in the chancel.

July I. — Declined marrying a couple ; the lady being un-
baptized [a row follow^ed].

August 13. — Last lecture in Adam de Brome's Chapel.

August 16. — Went to Bisley, leaving Copeland in charge of
my church.



18;54 Letters and Correspondejice 15

Septonler 26. — To Woodbridge, Tunbridge "Wells, through
London [there it was that I had my hrst and last sight of
our Queen Victoria].

November 5. — Did not read the special Gunpowder Plot
service.

December 19, — All these days busy in writing sermons for
my second volume.

Eev. B, Harrison to Eey. J. H. Newman.

January i, 1834.

... I assure you the more I see in this part of the world
the more I feel that, without such a stand as you arc making
on Apostolical grounds, all would fall to pieces. If I doubted
whether it were a matter of vital importance, and not a mere
Oxford * Apple of Discord,' my eyes would have been opened
by the present miserable state of a chapel in this parish. . .
And all so clearly to be traced to the rottenness of the system.

J. W. BowDEN, Esq., to Eev. J. H. Newman.

January i, 1834.

. . . Many thanks for your letter. I yearned for one
from you ; but I was not (however consistent it would have
been with my general character) at all fidgeting about the
parcel. Mind in your future letters to omit such phrases as
' You have perhaps seen,' &c. ; construct your letters on the
hypothesis that here I see nothing and hear nothing. Even
Newcastle-on-Tyne, which you seem to suppose within a walk,
is divided from me by twenty miles of more dull and unin-
teresting country than I should think (traveller as you are)
you ever beheld, and as nobody ever seems (saving the post-
man) to go thither or return thence, my communication with
the place is not great.

^'our letter gives, on the whole, a flourishing account.
What do you mean by the Norris party ? I am glad to lind
the address from the laity is progressing. There is no time
to lose. Between this and February 4 you occupy a favour-
able position which you will never occupy again, at least till



1 6 fohn Henry Nc7unian 1834

some great change lias taken place in the condition of things.
I am very glad to hear of the Bishops being drawn into your
vortex, and presenting the petitions to the Primate. Like
you, I am not sanguine about your arresting, by your Move-
ment, the flowing tide of innovation, but you are doing your
duty ; and the Church, if it does fall, I trust will fall with
honour. I shall be anxious to see your sermons ; I suppose
I shall about meet them on my return to the south ... on
the (ever-memorable) 21st of February.

I have read Hildebrand. (By Voigt.) It is not a thing to
translate ; rather dull in style, and often very prolix. The
character of Hildebrand comes out, when studied, very
finely; you must have a history of him published. . . He
was, when you consider his character (as you ought) by
itself, and separate its individual lineaments from the
general physiognomy of the times, a truly great man. I
wish I had seen the Castle of Salerno, where he died
exclaiming ' I have loved justice,' Szc. "When I come to the
catastrophe, I shall look to you for a picturesque account of
the place.

I was glad to find at Alnwick that almost all the clergy of
the neighbourhood had signed the address to the Archbishop.
The Duchess of Northumberland was highly delighted with
the tracts.

Eev. J. H. Neavman to J. W. Bowden, Esq.

Oriel: January 3, 1834.

There is a chance of my bemg elected Professor of Moral
Philosophy. I have no especial wish for it. It would oblige
me to take up a line of reading somewhat out of my present
course; yet it might be the means of giving me influence with
the undergraduates, and there is no situation which combines
respectability with lightness of responsibility and labour so
happily as the office of a professor.

I have to-day undertaken for the Clarendon Press an
edition of Dionysius Alexandrinus ; so, you see, I have
enough to do.



1834 Letters and Correspondence 17

A friend, rendered testy 1)}^ a passive opposition to liin
arguments, begins a letter :



Eev. TO Rev. J. H. NEW.Ar.vx.

January 4, 1834.

... I really believe the clergy here, although they look
on the ministers as little better than incarnate fiends, wish
to let them have their way for two or three years, because they
think they will do some good work in a rough way which our
Bishops would never do. That is, they will equalise livings,
and look after poor curates, and take away pluralities, and
secure the Church from immoral ministers, &c. &c. ; and in
this hope they seem content to let the Church and its rulers be
outraged by infidels. . . .

I think it would be as well to introduce a petition for ex-
traordinary powers to be granted to the Bishops, and extra-
ordmary facilities in using their present powers ; but this is a
thing so likely to be suggested that I will make a virtue of
inserting it on the sue-'^estion of others.



'00^



Bev. "W. Palmee (of Worcester) to Eev. J. H. Newman.

January 8, 1834.

... I have been so full of business here, and so full of
anxiety too about the lay declaration, that I have not been
able to write to yon. A capital committee of laymen is now
forming in London, of which it is expected that Sir E. Cust
will be the chairman, and they will be in full activity in a
day or two.

I send the lay declaration just printed — there will be
large papers for signing, and then we must all work away.
There is the finest spirit among the laity. You will observe
in the last paragraph the * Integrity of the Churc-h's rvihU
and ■privilcriea,'' so that we need not dread the followhig phrase
of * Alliance with the State.'

VOL. II,



1 8 John Ilcmy Newman 1834

Rev, Thos. Mozlfa' to Rev. J. 1 1. Newman.

January g.

. . . People here are almost one and all for turning over-
board the Church rates. They are almost sick of the struggle
with Dissenters. Your letter has not damped or changed us ;
if we change our plans, it is to suit our circumstances. I have
not written to Rose.

I think I shall write to the newspaper on the Church rate

topic, and leave it to work its way. Mr. G anticipates

the immediate and utter downfall of Dissent as soon as this
pretended grievance is moved out of the way.

Rev. Sir George Prevost to Rev. J. H. Ne"\^"3ian.

Stinchcomhc : January lo, 1834.

There are a few right-minded people every here and there,
and in the present state of things they are led without
any great difficulty to still more sound views ; but the current
in general, I fear, sets so decidedly that it is hopeless to stem
it now.

Rev. H. W. Wilberforce to Rev. J. H. Newman.

January 1 1, 1834.

Sir R. Inglis wrote to-day thus : ' The address is no longer
in the hands of Sir W. Heathcote, the Yice-Chaucellor of
Cambridge, and myself. The friends who desired us to draw
it up have since preferred a declaration " with which we have
nothing to do." What does this mean ?'

Rev. Thos. Falconer to Rev. J, H. Newman.

January 14, 1834.

I was delighted to find in 3-our book [the ' Arians '] what I
have been looking for a long time — some account of the
JiiscipUna Arcajii. Porson should have given some pages on
it in his answer to Travis. Oxlee in his letters to Nolan does



J 8:34 Letters and Correspoudenee 19

not refer to authorities so as to assist me. The point I wish
to ascertain is when it originated, and how long it continued,
and how it was apphed. Can its rise and termination be
accurately traced ?



Eev. I). I. Eyre to Rev. J. H. Newman.

Januarij 14, 1834.

... I have read your tracts, and am delighted with the
general tenor of them. With regard to some expressions, I
might perhaps wish them not quite so strong, but the grand
principle of Apostolical Succession I am rejoiced to see put
forth in the prominent maimer it is. !Mr. Keble told me there
was one which you doubted about publishing, but intended
for jirivate distribution. Perhaps 3'ou would send it me. If
you have formed any plans for the conduct of the Church in
this awful crisis, perhaps you would not be unwilling they
should be known . . . Out of about 240 clergy in Wilts, 2 1 5
have signed the Address to the Archbishop. I do not think
much of this, as Radicals and Whigs are able to swallow it.
What was intended 1)y * ancient discipline ' ?

The following letter bears upon the feeling towards clerical
marriages understood to exist in Mr. Newman and Mr. Hurrell
Froudc. In their absorption, heart and l)rain, in the ' Move-
ment ' — or rather in the train of thought that led to it —
private plans, hopes, prospects, seemed an interference with
the great public work and devotion of a life. The Church
seemed to them to demand the whole mind of her mhiisters ;
they were not to encumber themselves with this world's cares.
Not that it was doubted, to use Mr. Newman's words, that the
clergy ' had a perfect right to marry,' but marriage and home
ties were supposed to be a hindrance to the full surrender of
self to the one object. If the followers of these two leaders
did not acquiesce in, or at least did not act on, this sterner
view, they might feel in a ditliculty. The intimacy Mi-. New-



20 John Ilcnry Newman I8.'i4

man encouraged in his younger friends, and the sympathy
which won their affection, made reserve unnatural, and yet
in this case ' Cato was not a proper person ' for such con-
fidences, and there seems in one of his most devoted adherents
to have been a slowness to confide, at which Mr. Newman
professed to be astonished to the point of unbelief.

Rev. J. H. Newman to F. Eogeks, Esq.

Or'id Collcrie : Januarji 14, 1834.

By-the-bye, talking of H. W., do not believe a silly report
that is in circulation that he is engaged to be married. Not
that such an event is not likely, but I am sure it cannot be
true as a matter of fact ; because he has been staying here, and
though we often talked on the subject, he said nothing about
it which I am sure he would have done were it a fact, for the
report goes on to say he has told other people. For myself, I
am spreading my incredulity, and contradicting it in every
direction, and will not believe it, though I saw the event
announced in the papers, till he tells me. Nay, I doubt
whether I ought then to believe it, if he were to say he had
really told others and not me.

Mr. Newman's attitude of unbelief was reported to the
person most concerned — the offending party, who answers his
friend :

Eev. H. "\V. Wilberforce to F. Eogers, Esq.

January, 1834.

I have no wish whatever to deny the report in question.
Indeed, though I did not tell Neander (as who would?), yet I did
tell his sister and gave her leave to tell him. . . . Whether
Neander will cut me I don't know. I hope my other Oxford
friends will continue my friends still. ... It is, I am sure,
yery fooUsli of Newman on mere principles of calculation if he
<^ives up all his friends on their marriage ; for how can he expect



1834 Letters and Correspondence 2 1

men (however well inclined) to do much in our cause without
co-operation ? I suppose, however, he will cut me. I cannot
help it. At any rate you must not. . . . Nor, again, am I
without a feeling of the danger, as you know, of married priests
in these days of trouble and rebuke, but I have taken my line ;
and, after all, I am very certain that men, failing of doing their
duty, oftener find an excuse than a cause in their circum-
stances.

It is needless to say that ' Xeander ' did not 'cut' the
writer of this letter, whose first-born was subsequently his
godson. The mutual friend, receiver of both confidences, re-
plies to Mr. Newman's attitude of in(;redulity :



Frederic Eogers, Esq., to Eev. J. H. Newman.

Januarrj 20, 1834.

Many thanks for your letter, in which, however, I must
say, you do not use your judgment. How can you possibly
suppose that, after your way of treating iwrd'ihim ovem H.
Wilberforce, j-ou would be his first confidant ? The fact ob-
viously is that he came to Oxford with the intention of
breaking the matter to you ; but when he came near, and
saw how fierce you looked, his heart failed him, and he re-
treated airpaKTos. And now at this moment he is hesitating
about the best way of breaking it, and hoping that some one
else will save him the pain. As for me, I cannot consent
to join you in your unbelief; particularly as I have heard it
from a person who professed to have been told it as a great
secret by Mrs. H. M., with divers circumstances, the satisfac-
tion of Mrs. Sargent in it, with sundry other particulars. If 1
could think, as you seem to do, that any incredulity on mv
part could avert, or even retard, the catastrophe, perhaps that
might alter my way of going on. As it is, I have just lircd
off a letter of condolence, which I was engaged on when your
letter reached me.

All your other pieces of news, barring the J)ukc's nomina-



2 2 I oh 11 Ilciiry Xc7^'niau 18:54

tion for Chancellor, I am delislitod to hear ; your sermons,
Dionysius, professorship (moral philosophy), ' liecord,' and
journey to Derby, and Beethoven are most satisfactory. I
wish I could hope to join you in the last in any moderate
time. However, I do expect you will take me to Rose Hill
to hear some of it again, if it were only to remind me of those
evenings I used to spend with you when at Mey.

I am afraid you will have enough of my bass to satisfy you
without Beethoven in the course of next term. [N.B. — He was
to be in Froude's room over my head.]

Eev. J. H. Newjian to Eev. J. Keble.

Jamiav]! 25, 1834.

On my return from Derby I found your parcels, and I am
doing your orders as quickly as I can. As to your letter to
Eose, I fear it will be thought obscure. I confess I only par-
tially understand it, and think this arises from the delicacy
you have felt in assailing a bishop.

I am determined to be avenged on you for refusing to let
me put 3'Ours and your brother's initials [to your tracts?],
and so leaving me in the lurch in ni}' chivalrous sujiport of
Pusey.

We ar€ going to put the tracts absolutely in Turrill's
hands, to print and to sell. They are selling ver}' well in
town.

Thanks for your tract on the Eucharist.

[I think Puse}^ who had not yet joined the Tract Movement,
objected to the absence of the initials of each writer at the
end. His own tracts in the sequel always had his initials,
and it was thus that he became identified with all the tracts,
for he was the only acknowledged writer of them. X.B. —
Pusey fell ill in February 1834, and could not take part in
anything if he would. — J. H. N.]

Mr. Newman always speaks of Mr. Keble as the chosen
censor of the tracts. The following letter shows him in that
position :



1834 Letters and Correspondence 23

Eev. J. Kerle to PiEv. J. H. Newman.

Jannarn 30, 1S34.

In coiisequence of Palmer's wishing it so much, I have
fixed to go to London next week. In my way I mean to take
Oxford.

I am rather horrilied at having sent back your sermon
without an opinion. I was in such a hurry that, I suppose,
it escaped me ; but I assure j'ou I meant no such conchision
as you have come to. I want the sermon re-written, and then
printed with a note, certifying that such an operation was
performed. For I think the sentiments most good and season-
able, but the composition too hurried.

Thank you for sending back that fog, which I have sent
to Chalford, to see whether Tom (his brother) and Prevost
can extract any sunbeams from it. Somehow, I am in a very
foggy condition, but a spirt to London may help me. Pray
go up with me, and let us be like the political union, and
arrange a regular plan of operations. If you are not there,
there is no saying how the Establishment men may corrupt
me.

As to the initials, we are both of us [he and his brother,
Mr. T. Keble] decidedly of opinion that they will hurt the
<\tfect, if not the sale, of the tracts. One of people's reasons
for reading such things is the pleasure of guessmg who wrote
this or that. For the same reason T. K. is disquieted at
' Piichard Nelson's ' being known.

I hope you approve our Gloucester doings. I only fear
we have given up the temporalities too much.

Mrs. Plsey to Pev. J. H. Newman.

Spr'uKj 1834.

Having heard from ^fr. Harrison that you were wishing
to hear more particular intelligence of Edward, and yet would
not write for fear of disturbing him, 1 write a few lines to say
that Dr. Wootton assures me there is no disease. He has
rLlinquishcd, at Dr. \V."s desire, all intention of k-cturing thia



24 John Ilcnry Nci<.'})ian 1804

term ; and soon as Dr. W. thinks it advisable for him to move,
we are to go to the sea. Dr. Wootton acknowledges that he
thinks him very ddirate. At present he ought to see no one.

In order to show when Dr. Pusey's connexion with the
Movement really began, it is well to extract the following
entries from the private jom*nal :

Jamiary 25, 1834. — I returned to Oxford.

January 26. — Called on Pusey, who was ill.

February 2. — Pusey still ill. I was not let see him.

February 16.— All this time Pusey very unwell.

April 16. — Letter from Pusey [who therefore had gone
away, and was still awa}^].

Ajml 22. — I put on committee [against declaration] with
Burton. . . . and Pusey [who by that time, I suppose, had
returned, and was well].

J. W. BowDEN, Esq., to Rev. J. H. Newman.

February 4, 1834.

Many thanks to you for finding time, amid your many
occupations, to write to me the letter I received yesterday.

[N.B. — Before the penny post letters were few, and long,
which, I think, will explain my silence. One did not like to
write without a good deal to say, and (a second obstacle) say-
ing a good deal. — J. H. N.]

I am truly happy that my little contingent to the Oxford
Tracts is approved of. I was aware it was out of print.
Here, on the very frontiers of episcopacy, I do think I could
do some little good with more copies. In the packet, about the
middle of last month, I got your tracts up to No. 17, and
your records to No. 12. I have given copies of each to the
clergyman of the parish, and am amused by tracing slight
touches of their effect in every one of his sermons which I hear.
The}' have, I am sure, been useful to me, in the waj' of m-
struction. The ' Ember weeks ' I was in a state of the most
profound ignorance about, without having in the least a valid
excuse for beinc]' so.



1834 Letters and Correspondence 25

Is the chair of moral philosophy an object to you '? is
it to be carried by votes of masters ? and, if so, is it likely to
be sharply contested ? Give me timely notice, and I will be
in Oxford to keep a certain anniversary with you. Now do
not scruple to answer.

"With the new Chancellor,' as things go, and with the fear
of a Liberal before my eyes, I am disposed to be satisfied.
The Itistorij of his election I, of course, could not divine
till I received your letter. If not a true friend of the Church,
the Duke has for two or three years, and those critical
ones, been the first honest and consistent enemy of its enemies
— and his election <;ives no sanction to the proceedings of
the sli<j;hters of Church discipline, or the plunderers of Church
property.

PiEV. H. "W. WlLr.ERFORCE TO PiEV. J. H. XeWMAN.

Fehrnarii 5, 1834.

It seems that ministers are fairly frightened, and have
quite abandoned any notion of spiritual reform in our Chm-ch ;
for this, no doubt, we may thank the Movement. . . .

The Bishop of Ediidjurgh begged me to thank you for the
tracts, which he exceedingly admired both for their talent and
for their Apostolical principles.

So the Duke is in — we might be much worse otf.

The following letter is written under a feeling of progress,
and has a hopeful tone :

Eev. J. II. Newman to J. W. Bowden, Ks(j.

(Jricl: FchriKiri/ 9, 1834.

The address to the Archbishop will be signed altogether by
8,000, they say now. Six thousand names are presented : ad-
dresses are to come yet through the Bishops of Exeter, Llan-
daff, &c. I am sorry to hear what you say about Durham,
and cannot quite understand it. At first the Bisliop of Dur-
ham [Van ?^nid(.rt, the last prince bishop] had scruples, but, I

' The Duke of Wellington.



26 J^^^'^ Henry Newman 1834

"was tuld, had overcome tliein. Hose was at iirst afraid the



Online LibraryJohn Henry NewmanLetters and correspondence of John Henry Newman during his life in the English church, with a brief autobiography ; (Volume 2) → online text (page 2 of 47)