John Henry Newman.

Letters and correspondence of John Henry Newman during his life in the English church, with a brief autobiography ; (Volume 2) online

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of a revision. Much may be said on both sides, but we give
in a protest to-morrow^ to save our rights and negative the
whole ; but how it will go I know not, as I hear to-day the
l\[aster of Balliol has been bringing up men.

You know Boone has given up ; but this is, I suppose, a
secret. [The Editorship of the ' British Critic,']

PiEv. J. H. Newman to F. Eogees, Esq.

Oriel College: St. uindreic's Ere, 1837.
Certainly I should like your article soon, and doubt not it
will do very well. But I am very sorry to hear about your

1837 Letters ami Correspondence 247

lieadacliG'S, and hope you have not heen distressing yourself.
It is certainly strange that any one hke yourself should
be so withheld from usefulness, but depend on it there is a
reason for it. "We all need some sharp ])ond — though you, one
should say, less than others : we .sw ^-ours ; in the case of others
the hair-shirt is hidden. So much for moralising.

Your news about your law plans quite delighted nie. We
talk {('litre nous) of setting up some halls here, making men
stay instead of going into the country, and getting W.
Froude and Johnson to set up a school of science. The said
W. F. wishes you to come down to him to Dartington at

As to your criticism on R. H. F.'s text, some of the things
you object to were already altered in the proof. The " Dome of
St. Peter's ' was written out by W. Froude liimself. Why
might not St. Peter's dome be like a geometrical staircase ?
You need not make your review a mere panegyric.

The Lincoln men seem to have thought James Mozley a
Puseyite. They confessed he was the best man, and elected
instead a nephew of Arnold's, which, to their horror, they dis-
covered too late.

PiEv. J. H. Xew.^iax to J. W. ]jo\vi»i:x, Esq.

Oriel: DccriiiJxr 12, 1S57.

As to the statutes, the Heads of Houses hurried things
on so indecently there was no time for anything. We had
several meetings, but could not agree. At first only sixteen
signed the protest ; in the course of three weeks it has
increased to between thirty and forty; but that is a small
number. The majorities were so large that it was not
possible we could bring up on a sudden sufficient men, and
as the question was intricate, and time was re(iuisite to
come to a fair judgment, it would have lo(^ked like party
spirit. I am told the Sheffield clergy are going to send a re-
monstrance to the Heads of Houses. It would be well if non-
residents in various places did so ; but they should first wait
for Yaughan Thomas's pamphlet. It, I suppose, will give in-
formation. And read Greswell's, who, however, unluckily goes

24cS /(;//;/ Henry Newman 1808

into the 'Edinlnirgh's' clamour for the professorial system. Is
it not curious we should be pulling with the 'Edinburgh ' and
the extreme Whigs ?

Mr. Atkinson, Fellow of Lincoln, has been rejected for a
school at York on the ground of his holding Oxford opinions.
He was asked totidem verbis if he held the opinions of the

Entries in ' Chronological Notes,' for 1837 :

Jamiarji 2 [1837]. — Eead prayers at Littlemorc every day
this week. [I believe there was daily prayer there from the
time the chapel was opened.]

Fchriiayi/ 3. — Had men to tea for first time [this the be-
ginning of my weekly soirees].

Ajiril 9. — Early Communion at St. Mary's first time;
nineteen persons altogether.

May 10. — Snow and thunder; leaves not out.

July 18. — Parcel came with Mr. Church's Translation of
the Fathers.

AiKjust 26. — Mr. Hope called [this was the beginning of my
intimacy with dear Mr. Hope].

November 5. — Began catechising children in Church.

November 23. — Convocation for revision of University

December 22. — Sent up first lecture to Gilbert & Eivington,
on Justification.

Rev. J. H. New:man to J. ^\. Bowdex, Esq.

Oriel College: January 17, 1838.

To me, I am sorry to say, this Christmas has been very
little of a leisure time. I have been quite overwhelmed with
business, though, I am thankful to say, not overpowered, for
I am particularly well, whatever comes.

Anxious I have been, and am, about several things.
Froude's volumes will open upon me a flood of criticisms, and
from all quarters. It is just a case when no two persons have
the same judgment about j^firticulars, and I am fully conscious

1838 Letters and Correspondence 249

that even those who know one will say, 'What cnulil lie mean
by puttmg this in •? "What is the use of that ? How silly this !
How trifling that ! What is it to the world if so and so ?
How injudicious '} He is cutting his own throat.' But on the
7c]tole I trust it will present, as far as it goes, a picture of a
mind ; and that being gained as the scope, the details may be
left to take their chance.

Then about my own work [on .Justification] I am a good
deal fussed. It is the first voyage I have yet made i)roprht
marie, with sun, stars, compass, and a sounding line, but with
very insufficient charts. It is a terra ineinjuita in our Church,
and I am so afraid, not of saying things wrong so much as
queer and crotchet}-, and of misunderstanding other writers.
For really the Lutherans, &c., as divines, are so shallow and
inconsequent, that I can hardly believe my own impressions
about them.

We have three volumes of the ' Library of the Fathers ' in
the press. This again is a very anxious business.

Maitland has taken the ' British Critic,' with a promise
of our assistance ; when I know more you shall hear more.
Nothing could be better unless he were under Bose's eyes, for
be is going to live in town ; but we must be quite decided,
and if he will not put in our strong articles we must retire.

Your offering towards the young monks ' was just like your-
self, and I cannot pay it a better compliment. It will be most
welcome. As you may suppose, we have nothing settled, but
are feeling our way. We should begin next term ; but since,
however secret one may wish to keep it, things get out, we do
not yet wish to commit young men to anything which may
hurt their chance of success at any college, in standing for a
fellowship. After Easter will be a better time so far as this,
that there may bo some eligible men among those who stood
for our fellowships unsuccessfully. 1 trust the plan will
answer when begun, but do not know how to start, and fear
wasting money through clumsiness. During the next term
with Manuel Johnson's help I hope to concoct something.

• Referring to a projected ' Hull," a temporary resilience in Oxford for younj;
men, after taking their degree.

250 John Jlcnry Xczcnmii is.^s

Eev. J. H. Newjian to Mrs. John Mozlev.

Jannarij 29, 1838.

The glass in my inner room has stood at 10'^ — that is,
22° hclow freezing-point. I have never had it so cold for a
continuance, or at all, since I have been in the rooms.

I am quite sick at the thoughts of having the ' British
Critic,' but there was no one else, and I did not like so im-
portant a work to get into hands I could not trust. I do not
begin with it till the July number.

My book on Justification has taken incredible time. 1 am
quite worn out with correcting. I do really think that every
correction I make is for the better, and that I am not wasting
time in an over-fastidious way, or even making it worse than it
was; but I can only say this — openings for correction are in-

I write, I write again : I write a third time in the course
of six months. Then I take the third : I literally fill the paper
with corrections, so that another person could not read it. I
then write it out fair for the printer. I put it by ; I take it
up ; I begin to correct again : it will not do. Alterations
multiply, pages are re-written, little lines sneak in and crawl
about. The whole page is disfigured ; I write again ; I cannot
count how many times this process is repeated.

To his sister Harriett, writing March 28, he gives the
motive for all this care. ' The great difficulty was to avoid
heiiifi difficult, which on the subject of Justification is not a
slight one. It is so entangled and mystified by irrelevant and
refined questions.'

Eev. J. H. Newman to Eev. E. F. "Wilson.

Fehniar/j 4.
I may well address yon as an ancient shepherd does a
more fortunate one, ' Tityre, tu patula?.' Do j'ou really think
I have time to meditate verses to Amaryllis ? That is, you
are a country swain and have the choicest gifts which Hursley
can give, but I assure you that for me, to go to the point.

1838 Lci/cjs and Correspondence


I have not written a letter, except on business, I do not know
when. Do come hero sometime, and we will liave some «juiet
talk together. . . . My hand is too tired to write letters, unless
I am forced — literally, my hand is in a continual ache.

liEv. J. IT. Xewman to liEv. J. Keble.

February 28, 1838.
Pusey bids me say that he is f^oing to affix to his pamph-
let the list of passages against Popery which have already
been stitched into the * British Magazme.' If, then, you think
of giving your own extracts, he would be very much pleased
to receive them, and that at once.

The previous letter, January 17, speaks of Mr. ^laitland
having taken the ' British Critic,' but his official relation to
the Archbishop made a difficulty, and ho resigned. It prac-
tically passed into Mr. Newman's hands, as he had with him
the most important contributors, and in July 1838 he be-
came formally the Editor.'

PiEV. J. II. Newman to J. W. Bowden, Esq.

M((rc1i 19, 1838.

I like your subject [for the "' British Critic ']. "We will have
the British Association by all means in July. ... I hope in
the July number wc shall have a paper of Keble's, on ' Walter
Scott ' ; of Harrison's, on Professor Lee's ' Job ' ; of Copeland's,
on 'Bishop Ken' ; and I Jiopc from Mr. Todd of Dublin. I'usey
is writing a most elaborate article on the Church Connnission,
wliicli (as far as I have seen it) is a most overpowering and
melancholy exposure of it by a mere statement of facts. I
wish it were not quite so long, but it is a very largo subject,
and I certainly lind everything most concisely put, as far as
I have read.

In reviewing the British Association do not forget the first

' In Dr. Mozlcy's letters at this date there is tlic following mention of the
British Critic : —

' February 6, 1S3S.— I was with Newman on Sunday evening talking over
the British Critic. He is sanguine about contributors. Newman only took it
after others refusing.'

252 foJiu Jfcury Nciunian 1808

Report. Tlierc is a splendid oration there in praise of Priestley,
with choice bits about his theological opinions.

I have not seen Williams's * Cathedral,' but I fear it will be
obscure. However, everyone has his line. To be sure, what a
mass of Catholic literature is now being poured upon the
public ! Have you seen Palmer's book ? [on the Church].
It is quite overcoming— his reading — and makes one feel
quite ashamed. It will do a great deal of good, for just at
this moment we need ballast. Then again, Froude's in an
opposite direction, as if marking out the broad I'uniU of Angli-
canism and the differences of opinion which are allowable
in it. Then Woodgate's Sermons [Bamptons], which began
yesterday with a bold, uncompromising statement of the Doc-
trine of Tradition, and of the difference between the Catholic
and Piationalistic spirit, which comes from a certain pamphlet.
I hope to do something with my forthcoming Lectures [on
Justification], and there are to come Keble's Papers on Mysti-
cism (read at the Theological) in the next (5th) volume, viz.
No. 89 of the Tracts. (By-the-bye, have you seen Williams's
most valuable Tract 80 ?) [on Reserve]. Then your ' Hilde-
brand ' ; then Froude's ' Becket, &c.' which is now ready ; and
besides all this, the ' British Critic' But one must not exult too
much. What I fear is the now rising generation at Oxford,
Arnold's youths. Much depends on how they turn out.

Rev. J. H. Xewman to Rev. J. Keble.

March 29, 1838.

You must not be vexed to have a somewhat excited letter
from Edward Churton on the subject of dear Hurrell's ' Re-
mains.' I doubt not, too, you really will not be so. All persons
whose hearts have been with Cranmer and Jewel are natur-
ally pained, and one must honour them for it. It is the
general opinion here that the Journal [the Thoughts] ought
to have been published, and is full of instruction.

Yesterday morning I had the following pleasant announce-
ment from William Froude. ' My father is miicJi pleased with
Hurrell's book. He had bcQn rather alarmed by some com-
ments made upon it in a letter from Sir John Coleridge, but

1808 Letters and Corrcspoiidencc 253

the book Itself lias (juite reassured him. The preface says
exactly what one wished to have said.'

The following letter is on the death of a Littleraore
parishioner well known to his sister :

Eev. J. II. Xkwmax to Mrs. Joiix Mozley.

Apv'd 6, 183S.
Poor Mrs. Quarterman is dead. She went on month after
month in the sad, uncomfortable, distressed way you recollect,
always behind-hand in her rent, &c. At length I spoke to
Pusey, and he, without my meaning it, put her on his list of
regular almswomen. This was a most exceeding great relief
to her, and she was full of happiness and thanks ; this was
about a month since. Shortly after, a place in the St. Cle-
ment's Almshouses fell vacant, and the Master of University
put her in. They say good fortune never comes single, but
it was too much for her — she seems to have died of joy.

Pi:v, J. II. Newman to J. W. Bowden, Esq.

Oriel Cullcfjc, Easter Dai/: April 15.

I duly received this morning your most munificent gift.
I trust I shall be a faithful steward of so large a sum. The
day before yesterday I received a promise of 50/., and other
promises have been made. We only want to start well, whicli
1 hope we shall do.

I have had very pleasant and kind letters from Mr. Hornb}'
and Mr. Faber on the subject of my lectures, which I sent to

I wish some of you in London Mould set up a series of
light works, such as you speak of. Had not the ' I3riti>li Critic '
come in the wa}', 1 had proposed to do so.

PiEV. J. II. Newman to Miss M. l\. Giuekne.

Oriel Collc(/c: Easter Tuesdaii, 183S.
Ti >-day a pleasant thing happened to me. Two parishioners,
who were to be married, begged to be allowed to receive the
Holy Communion at the time of their marriage. It was

2 54 John Henry Nc7vnian 1838

quite their own thought. J have had a second anonymous
present of plate for St. Mary's altar. The parishioners
received it in vestry in silence, and then hegan disputing
about the expense of repairing a pinnacle of the church. • I
have had an organ given to Littlemore from an unknown
hand. Nothing like raising up Treasure Houses. Money
flows in by a natural law, the law of faith and its reward.
Ask much and you gain much.

Hev. J. H. Newman to J. W. Bowden, Esq.

May 22, 1838.

. . . You know Faussett has been firing away at us in
galla.nt style.

I fear I shall be hard pressed for articles for the ' British
Critic' . . .

The following comment is attached to this letter :

[N.B, — Just at this time, June 1838, was the zenith of the
Tract movement. It was at this Commemoration my answer to
Faussett came out. The next letter is the beginning of a
change of fortune. — J. H. N.]

The ' next letter ' here indicated is one addressed to Mr.
Bowden, August 17, 1838, beginning, 'I delayed writing in
order to give you an account of our Bishop's Charge.'

PiEV. J. H. Newman to Eev. J. B. Mozley.

Oriel College : August 2, 1838.

... It seems to me best you should get the ' Becket ' off
your hands at once, and I should like you when you leave

' It should be explained that the parish of St. Mary's at the time of this
letter (probably does still) consisted almost entirely of shops, the dwelling part
of the houses being let in lodgings to University men. The parish was once
densely populous, but in 1749 the executors of Dr. Eadeliffe, having cleared
the whole area on which the jjoor population lived, built the Eadeliffe and
made it over to the University, since which time there have been no poor in the
parish except so far as they have been represented by the servants of well-to-
do houses. It was said that many of the shopkeepers were Dissenters, which
may account for their cold reception of a rich gift.

1888 Letters and Correspondence


Cholderton to come hero and suptrintciul the priiitiiif:; at once.
And you shall hear again from mc.

You see Lord Morpeth has l)cen upon me in the House, as
editor of the ' Eeraains.' Gladstone has defended me, Sir W.
Inf^dis tlie University ; O'Coimell has patronised the Tracts.
The Bishop of Oxford is dcliverinf^ a Char;;e in our favour,
Archdeacon Browne of Ely against us. The Bishop of
Exeter has heen making a remarkahle speech in the House,
saying that though their Lordships, Arc, passed a certain liili,
he would not ohcji it, and they might eject him Ih-st. The
Archhishop very much excited on the other side. I heartily wish
Tom may make a book of his sermon. Encourage him to it
— I will when I write. Mv. Lc Bas has heen i)aying me a
visit — he went to-day. Marriott is negotiating with a view to
fjoing to Chichester. Faussett's and my pamphlets have come
to a second edition. I have sold at the name time 750 to his
500. "Who would have thought persons would buy an anmrcr
without a (jKcstioii ? He is very angry in the Preface to his
second edition — talks of my flippant suggestions, &:q. I have
answered his Preface in a few notes. Piogers reports an
amusing saying of a lady whom he knows a])out my Utter.
'Now Dr. Faussett will he quite pleased and convinced hy
this, and obliged to Mr. Newman, if he is a nice kind of man.'
As to your preaching distinctly, the art consists in not
(Ivopjniuj your words, which is very dillicult. I have not
attained to it from want of strength. You must not glibly
run over bits of sentences, but enunciate and enucleate every
word. The want of this is what the Provost found fault with."
Yaughan Thomas is very angry with Faussett.
I have not time to road this over.

Mr. Newman had tender consideration for his friends

' These rules for clearness and niana;,'oinent of voice seem (o explain tho
peculiarity described liy I'rofessor Slinirj) of Mr. Newman's delivery.

' The delivery had a peculiarity wiiicli it took a new hearer some time to
get over. Each separate sentence, or at least cacli short paragraph, was spoken
rapidly, but with great clearness of intonation ; and then at its close there was
a pause, then another rapidly but clearly spoken sentence, followed by another

256 J'^''^^^^ Ilcury Nczoinan 1838

under circnmstances to make them feel solitary. His letters
throughout show a strong sense of what solitude is, whether
as a trial or an experience. He was eminently social, and
could sympathise with a young member of his own following,
spending a month or more by himself at his l)rother's country

In a week's time he writes again :

Oriel: AtKjiiHt 10, 1838.

My dear James, — I hope you are not over solitary at
Cholderton. I have little to say, but I write lest you should
be, to provoke an answer. A letter just now came to me
from Pusey. I grieve to say Mrs. P. is not so well, and has
been confined to her bed a day or so ; but do not say this, for
people exaggerate things when they hear them.

I have looked into Tyler ; don't tell, but it is Tylerissimus.
If you could combine it with Sir F. Palgrave ^ I should be
glad. You would have much to say in its praise, ' research,
&c.' and one or two good bits might be taken. Let me know
how Sir F. P. gets on. In what you write do not be too
essayish : i.e. do not begin, ' Of all the virtues which adorn
the human breast ! ' — be somewhat conversational, and take a
jump into your subject. But on the other hand avoid
abruptness, or pertness. Be easy and take the mean — and
now you have full directions how to write.

A ragged paper came to me this morning, with great
portions cut out — parts, however, remained, else it could not
have come. I will extract for your edification a sentence or
two. ' The Debate was rendered remarkable for bringuig
before the notice of the country, through Lord Morpeth, a
sect of damnable and detestable heretics of late sprung \x^ in
Oxford ; a sect which evidently affects Popery, and merits the
heartiest condemnation of all true Christians. We have
paid a good deal of attention to these gentr}*, and by the
grace of God we shall show them up, and demonstrate that
they are a people to be abhorred of all faithful men. We do

• An article J. B. M. was engaged upon— liis first— for the British Critic.

iSoS Lcllcrs and Coi'vcspondcucc


not hesitate to say that the}' arc criminally heterodox,' A:l-,
That they are what ? Do you know that Lord Morpeth went
out of his way to mention my name '? The paper in question
is the ' Dublin Record.'

Bhss, in the ' Oxford Herald,' has called us all, Froude
inclusive, ' amiable and fanciful men.' The Bishop delivers
his Charge next Tuesday. ' Frazer's Magazine,' I am told, has
opened on us. "We must expect a volley from the whole Con-
servative press. I can fancy the Old Duke sending down to
ask the Heads of Houses whether we cannot be silenced.

Piivington declines printing any more of the ' Remains,'
saying that they do not sell well enough. Keble advises the
publication at once, and I am writing to Mr. Froude on the
subject ; so you must prepare to come up here for the rest of
the vacation and superintend the business [arranging the
* Becket ' papers].

I have sent my Sermons on Antichrist to the press as a
Tract, to commence Vol. 5 with. I have finished my lectures
in Adam de Brome's Chapel, and am looking out Sermons for
my new volume. Jacobson's volumes are come out. I am
most happily quite solus ; you cannot think what a relief it is.

Eev. J. H. Xkwmax to Eev. J. Kei;le.

Ainjuxt 14, 1838.

I am just come away from hearing the Bishop's Charge,
and certainly I am disappointed in the part in which he spoke
of us.

He said he must allude to a remarkable development, both
in matters of discipline and of doctrine, in one i)art of his
Diocese ; that he had had many anonymous letters, charging
us with Romanism ; that he had made incjuirics ; that, as far
as discipline went, he found nothing to find fault with — one
addition of a clerical vestment there had been, but that iuul
been discontinued (alluding to Seager) ; but this he would say,
that, in the choice of alternatives, he had rather go back to
what is obsolete, in order to enforce the Rubric, than break it
in order to follow the motley fashions now prevailing. Next,

VOL. II. s

1258 /('//;/ llcnry Nczciuait 18.']8

as to doctrine, lie bad found many most excellent things in the
' Tracts for the Times ' (this was the only book he referred to),
and most opportune and serviceable ; but for some words and
expressions he was sorry, as likely to lead others into error :
he feared more for the disciples than for the masters, and
he conjured those who were concerned in them to beware
lest, &^c.

Now does it not seem rather hard that he should pulilicly
attack things in the Tracts without speaking to me about
them privately? Again, what good does it do to fling an
indefinite suspicion over them, when in the main they be
orthodox ? Then again, it seems hard that those who work, and
who while working necessarily commit mistakes, instead of being
thanked for that work, which others do not do, are blamed.
It is very comfortable to do nothing and to criticise.

[Second letter on same day.]

August 14, 1838.

You will perhaps think me fidgety not to wait for your
answer to my letter of to-day, but as despatch will be requisite
if I adopt the following plan, I write at once by coach.

It seems to me that my course is to send the Archdeacon
[Clarke] a short note to the following effect : that I was glad
to find the Bishop approved of some things in the Tracts ; that
I am sorry to hear for the first time that he thinks some parts-
of them of unsafe tendency ; that I do not ask what parts ho
means, because in his Charge he pointedly declmed anything-
like controversy, to which such a question might load ; that
he gave his opinion as a judgment, and that as such I take it :
that, under such circumstances, it would be very inconsistent
in me to continue the publication of these volumes with this
general suspicion thrown upon them by my Bishop. Accord-

Online LibraryJohn Henry NewmanLetters and correspondence of John Henry Newman during his life in the English church, with a brief autobiography ; (Volume 2) → online text (page 21 of 47)