John Henry Newman.

Letters and correspondence of John Henry Newman during his life in the English church, with a brief autobiography ; (Volume 2) online

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of trust and affection. It has been permitted to the Editor to
give a place here to the recollections which these letters to
Keble, and the occasion which caused them, awoke. The
tender humour with which this conflict between a strong will
and a warm heart is recorded gives such naturalness to the
situation that the Editor was tempted to ask leave of the
writer to give his words a place in these pages.

Lord Blachford to the Editor.

Manlt 5, i886.
. , . Curiously enough I see by an old diary, under date
December 12, an account of — I am at a loss for a sub-
stantive — not quarrel, not exactly difference, but a kind of

1838 Lcltcrs and Correspondence 271

stern alienation for a I'orlnif^lit, ending in tender reconciliation,
which was due to this difference between himself as supporter
of (8.) Wood, (Iw) Williams and Oakele}', who were pressing the
publication of the * Breviary ' on one side, and T. Keble and
Prevost on the other. I seem to have objected to some actual
or intended letter to Keble, and I certainly in my mind, and
probably in the tone of my conversation, sided on tlie whole
with the Prevost side rather than the Wood and ^^'illiams
side. This made me a disagreeable confidant to him, and
this again he took as very unkind, and showed it in a certain
flinty way which he had at command on great emergencies.
But then, you occasionally saw what this liintiness cost him.
And when you came to frank explanation, there came from
the rock a gush of overpowering tenderness.

In giving permission for the publication of the above letter.
Lord Blachford writes to the Editor :

l)cccmhvv 9, 1888.

You arc welcome to print what you wish — I mean, so
much as regards the ' flintiness ' and ' tenderness ' — from my
letter to you. I wish 1 had added that the pain of keeping
up this severe outside was at times to him visibly overpower-
ing, but I hardly know how to add it. I would suggest tlie
addition of a few words to show (if that is your feeling, as it
is mine) that the passage is inserted to show what lay witln'n
the hardness with which he is sometimes reproai-lied.

At the end of 1S3.S IMr. Bowden was about to pubhsh his
* Life of Hildebrand,' and sent his Introduction to ^[r. New-
man for liis opinion. Tlie letiei' in reply, after some Hterary
criticisms, continues:

PiEv. J. 11. Xi.wM.vN TO J, A\\ Bowden, Esq.

Or'hl : Xnfcinhcr 21, 1S38.

. . . As to your statements about corruptions, Siv., really,.
I do not like to give my opinion, and wish you to follow your
own judgment. It scem.s to me, if I must speak, that saint-

2^2 John Henry N'ewnian 1808

worship as it practically prevailed in tlie middle ages is a very
great corruption ; but how far the formal acts of the Church
involve such worship, and what are its limits, I cannot say ;
and I am so bothered and attacked on all sides ])y friends and
foes, that I had much rather say nothing, and had I my own
wish I certainly should say nothing and write nothing more.
I me:in, I distrust my judgment, and am getting afraid to
speak. It is just like walking on treacherous ice : one cannot
say a thing but one offends someone or other — I don't mean
foe, for that one could bear, but friend. You cannot conceive
what unpleasant tendencies to split are developing themselves
on all sides, and how one suffers because one wishes to keep
well with all, or at least because one cannot go wholly with
this man or that. ....

P.S. — Should not Dr. Adams know, if he docs not, that
the present Bishop [Law] of Bath and Wells in his funeral
sermon for the Princess Charlotte prayed for her soul ?

Eev. J. H. Newman to Eev. J. Keble.

November 28, 1838.

Thanks for your kind letter. I will but observe on it —
(i) That your brother knows the country clergy, and makes
their feelings his standard. I do not deny, though I have no
means of knowing, that it is as he says, but I do not write for
them. Of course, as is natural, I write for those I do see :
namely, the generation lay or clerical rising into active life,
particularly at Oxford. That I am useful to them by the very
things that may be injudicious in view of the clergy, I am
certain, whatever ultimately comes of it. I do not consider
that for them I am going too fast. The character of a place
of this kind must be considered before men can fairly under-
take to judge about what is best or not best. One cannot
stop still. Shrewd minds anticipate conclusions, anticii^ate
objections, oblige one to say yes or no, to defend oneself, to
anticipate the objection. "What your brother calls unsettling
is not my work, but of others here, who must be met and
treated lest they do harm. It is better surely to refute

1838 Letters a}id Correspondence 273

objections than to let otliers be the prey of thcni. In fact, in
a place of this kind if one is to speak (which is another
matter) one must be prepared to pursue questions and to
admit or deny inferences.

(2) Then comes the question, omilit one to speak, though
one may be making way here, if it is at the expense of the
country clergy ? And this is the point on which I spoke
before, and perhaps not clearly enough. I have no tall ; I am
not in station ; is it not natural that the qunsti'in should rise
in my mind, ' What business is it of yours, and are you doing
it in the best wa}' ? ' AVhen a man like your brother does
()l)ject, he has my own latent witness on his side, and he goes
just the way, whether he wishes it or not, to reduce me to

(3) But though silent, it would never enter into my head
that I need or ought to be doing nothing. It is still a great
question with me whether I should be doing better by reading
and preparing for future writing on the Fathers than l)y otf-
hand works ; and with this view by giving up the Traets, the
' British Critic,' and St. Mary's. At the same time, did I do
so, many things would occur which one should wish otherwise,
and which would pain me, and I should be blamed by those
who now, without knowing it, are certainly going the way to
bring it about.

The tone towards the country clergy, not intentional, but
due to the line of argument, seems to have jarred upon Mr,
Keble, as is to be gathered from the following acknowledgment
of Mr. Keble's answer to the above letter.

PiEV. J. II. Newman to Bi:v. J.

Dccciiilxr 5, 1S3S.

As to my last note, I had not the most distant thought of
speaking disrespectfully of the country clergy. Indeed, my
saying that my own secret feelings were on your l)rotlioi-'K
side showed it. I assure you these feelings are so strong that,
it was with great scruple and much uneasiness that I publislud


2 74 John Henry Newman 1838

the Tract in qucRtion (the last), and I may say tlic same of
what I said to Faussett about Aiiticlirist. To read and other-
wise employ myself with the Fathers, without venturing any-
thing of my own, is what would give me most peace (Aconsrimcr.
What I do is done under the stimulus of external things which
I witness ; and therefore, if, on the other hand, I see exter-
nally anyone like your brother throwing cold water, both the
stimulus is gone, and I have an c.caise for what I lihe better
than tracts and pamphlets.

I do not think I have the fidget you speak of (as far as I
can make out) for seeing things clearly, and not getting others
to see them too ; but when others protest {I do not mean Low
Church, but men like your brother), I feel a sort of bad con-
science and disgust with W'hat I have done, and this I tried
to say in my first letter. And yet, if I am to speak, I cannot
speak otherwise than I do. I can be silent, but I cannot speak
as Plarrison, &c. My constant feeling when I write is that I do
not realise things, but am merely drawing out intellectual
conclusions, which I need not say is very uncomfortable.
[Vide a passage in my account of my Sicilian illness.] '

Eev. J. H. Newman to Eev. J. Iveble.

December 23, 1838.
I am quite ready that all Tracts should undergo the revi-
sion of two persons whom your brother chooses, though I do
not understand irJiom. you mean. Isaac Williams of course is
one; is Prevost the other?

Nothing you said from London annoj'ed me in the least.
You have a way of saying things which does not annoy.

Eev. J. H. Newman to F. Eogers, Esq.

Oriel: InfestoSS.Inuoc., 1838.
Faber has returned from Cambridge with doleful accounts,
as he gives them, though I have not confidence in his repre-
sentation. However, I doubt not he has done good by going.
He sa^^s that two parties are formed, Hookites, which in fact

' See Vol. i. p. 416.

l.s:J8 Lcltcrs and Correspondence 27s

includes us, and ii sort of Latitudin;irians, who cmisidrr tliev
maintain ' Oxford views ' ; and they quote tlie Preface to the
' Pismains ' to show that they are not members of the ' Estabhsh-
nicnt,' ilidt is, the local Church (which they say is heretical, &c.),
but the ' Catholic Church,' an idea or shadow. Merivale has
been preaching, and is to publish four sermons which sron to
make subjective religion all in all — indeed, they seem Maurician.
lliesaid iMaurice being at present the great doctor at Cambridge.
What a set they are ! They cannot make religion a reality ;
nothing more than a literature. Heath (I think) holds by my
* Piomanism ' and ' Justification,' not by my Sermons ; which
means, I suppose, not l)y Catholic views about Cliuirli and
Sdcnanents. An external Ixmd is what they want, and what
they shrink from. Are they not like Greeks, and we like
liomans? 'Graiis ingenium,' &:c. ' Tu, Piomane, memento
, . . parcere subjectis et debellare sui^erbos.' '

It is well, perhaps, after having just given the letters to
j\Ir. Keble on certain objections raised by the country party,
to extract from the ' Apologia ' Mr. Newman's lasting impression
of his position in 1839.

In the spring of 1839 my position in the Anglican Church
was at its height. I had supreme confidence in my contro-
versial status, and I had a great and still growing success in
recommending it to others. I had in the foregoing autumn
been somewhat sore at the Bishop's Charge, but I have a letter
which shows that all annoyance had passed from my mind.
In January, if I recollect aright, in order to meet the popular
clamour against myself and others, and to satisfy the Bishop,
I had collected into one all the strong things which they, and
cspeciall}' I, had said against the Church of Pome, in order

' ' Graiis ingenium, Graiis detlit ore rotundo
Musa loqui.'

Horat. Dc A. P., 323.

' Tu regere imperio populos, Iloniane, memento :
Hir libi erunt artes ; pacisque iniponcre morcm,
I'arcerc subjectis, et debellare Ruperbos.

Yirg. ^I'^ii. vi. Sijs.

276 John He my Nczonian 1839

to their insertion among the Advertisements appended to our
publications. Conscious as I was that my opinions in rehgion
were not gained, as the world said, from Eoman sources, but
were, on the contrary, the birth of my own mind and of the
circumstances in which I had been placed, I had a scorn of
the imputations which were heaped upon me. It was true
that 1 held a large bold system of religion, very unlike the
Protestantism of the day ; but it was the concentration and
adjustment of the statements of great Anglican authorities,
and I had as much right to hold it as the Evangelical, and
more right than the Liberal party could show, for asserting
their own respective doctrines.^

Rev. J. H. Newman to J. W. Bowden, Esq.

Oriel College: January 3, 1839.

... I have talked with Pusey about Bethnal Green. He
has been lately talking to Acland, who was to talk to Wood.
So the matter remains with you in town. One idea was thrown
out that Mr. Jennings might become the Archimandrite in
request. Your idea is excellent, but how are we to get men
is the difficulty.

Wliat a row poor Todd of Dublin has raised ! The Arch-
bishop of Tuam ratified the act of his clergy, the four Articles ;
so that actually we have a synod against him, and us here.
What a great thing it is that our Bishop is for us ! By-the-
bye, did I ever tell you the conclusion of the affair with him ?
He was extremely pleased (I am told) with my letters, and has
done everything to counteract any effect such as I feared.
When his Charge came out with his notes I sent for Keble's
advice, wishing to go by it implicitly, and he was strong for
taking it as a sufficient warrant for going on with the Tracts ;
so I did. Also the Bishop has written to Hook (I am told)
thanking him for his remarks on his (the Bishop's) Charge
and speaking kindly of us. However, I confess I was not
fully reconciled till I saw the poor Bishop had got into trouble,
and now I begin to feel very grateful to him. You see the

' Apologia, p. 93.

I,S39 Letters and Correspondence 277

' Christian Observer,' ' Church of Enslaiul Quarterly,' and
' Morning Herald ' are all at him. By-the-bye, have you ol)-
served that most grotesque piece of news in the • Christian
Observer ' of this month about me ? One step alone is wanted
— to say that I am the Pope i2>si>isiiitiiH in disguise.

PiEv. J. H. Newman to Mrs. J. Mozley.

J(iiii((ir>f 9, 1839.

You doubtless have seen that most afllicting event — Rose's
death — in the papers. "We have heard nothing more than the
fact. 1 heard from Marriott from Rome several days since, and
he said with anxiety that Piose was not there.

Gladstone's book, you see, is making a sensation. Thank
you for your kind anxiety about me. Somehow I do not care
about the attacks of strangers ; it is only when friends fall
upon me that I am touched. The papers would not make this
great noise unless we were making wa}'. AYhat is to be our
length of tether I know not — no one can know. It is a fearful
and interesting thought, but at present it is lengthening out.

You know I wrote to Pvose from Derby to ask his leave to
dedicate my volume to him. "Well, I caught him the very
day before he set out — which I feel now to have been so hapjiy
11 chance. I will transcribe you his letter in answer.

' I little thought when I wrote yesterday what jileasure
was in store for me to-day. lie assured that your letter of
to-day, in giving me such an assurance of your regard, sends
me off on my winter's exile much more cheerful. I shall con-
sider (not making line speeches) placing my name where you
propose to do as a very great honour publicly, and privately
a very high gratification indeed. This last day my head
(feeble now at best) is quite in a whirl. I will only, therefore,
say again, IMay God bless you and forward your labours in
llis cause. Ever most truly yours.'

])o not you think that man}' newspai ers and many reviews
and magazines are necessar}'' to outweigh the pleasure of this
letter ■?

]\Iy hand is so tired I can but scrawl. T .ininit my fourth

2 78 I o/u! I /airy Xcicmaii \^:\\)

volume [of sornions] to be tlic best, and am ciirions to know
wliat n'ill ))(' thoiijj;]it.

I tliiiilv you will ])(' much interested in parts of the forth-
comiii,G; vohnue of St. Cyprian. The treatises on ' Mortahty,'
on ' Patience,' on ' Envy,' to ' Demetrianus,' and on the
' Lord's Prayer,' are especially touching.

PiEv. J. H. Newman to F. Piogep.s, Es(,>.

Oriel Collcfje : JdniKirij 14, 1839.

. . . Xo news here. I have preached two sermons which
have greatly enlightened me in my subject, and, I believe,
perplexed all my hearers. I really do think I have defined
Eeason ; a very large subject opens — I wish I could treat it.
Lord John Manners has been here, and in manner and ap-
pearance is perfectly unaffected and prepossessing ; but perhaps
you have seen him. I am told he says that Faith and Pieason
are orient questions in Cambridge.^

The Bishops ni masse are joining the testimonial.'- I
could fancy worse things, though I have no time to prose, it
being past 10: I think it may do good. It is 7iot to be a
monument, which is a gain. Prichard has come up here,
and the Dean has moved into Greswell's rooms, who is much
better. I heard from Marriott (Piome) a week since — he
evidently was not well. I hope he will remain. He prepared
me somewhat for Piose's departure by saying that he was not
at Piome, and that they were anxious. "What a fine fellow
Gladstone is ! Mrs. Pusey is about the same. I saw her the
other day. The fourth volume of Tracts has already (in half
a year) come to a second edition — the first was 1,000 copies.
Parker is entering on a plan of selling them and other books
on a large scale through the country.

' Sermon X. ' Faith and Keason contrasted as Habits of Mind " ; preaclicd
on Sunday morning, tlie Epiphany, 1S39. Hcb. xi. i. 'Now faith is the sub-
stance of things hoped for, the evidence of things not ceen. . . .'

Sermon XI. ' The Nature of Faith in relation to Keason ' ; preached on
Sunday morning, January 13, 1839. i Cm: i. 27. ' God liath chosen the fooHsh
things of the worki to confound the wise, and God hath cliosen the weak things
of the vroi-ld to confound the things that are mighty. . . .' — Univcrsiiy Scr:nons.

* The Martyrs' Memorial.

'^ AM the Way, your way

Each month, each day.

The way from.

The way to,

The way over,

The way through.

The way out.

The way in,

With Me, it is easy to begin.

The way up,

The way round,

By using Me, the Saints were crowned.

To you My arms are stretched out wide,

Behold the red door in My side.
I am the Way, your way.
Dwell within Me each day."

K: Af. Bull

1839 Letters and Correspondence 279

Eev. J. H. Xkavjian to F. Eogers, Esq.

Orid College: Jcuiuanj 22, 1839.

In a fit of aljsence I have torn this sheet m two,' so be-
tween (louble postage and half a letter I have chosen thu
latter. Of course, Wednesday week (the 30th) will do.

Poor Eosc, or happy, that he is taken oil' just as the battle
begins ! You seem somewhat discouraged, but depend on it,
Apostolicity is nothing till it is tried, and less than nothing if
it cannot bear a puff. I do not know how I should ftel were
I in the world ; but here I cannot realise things enough
either to hope or fear. It sometimes comes on me as an
alarming thing, almost a sin, that I doubt whether I should
grieve though all that has ])een done melted away like an ice
palace. I do nr)t mean, of course, I should not grieve in the
case of individuals I knew, or should not be annoyed about
opponents, whom I knew, triumphing — but I speak of the
whole as a irork. I wish I lived as much in the unseen world
as I think I do not live in this. The fear is, lest one lives in a
world between the two, a selfish heart.

The * Times ' is again at poor Gladstone — really I feel as if
I could do anything for him : I have not read his book, but its
consequences speak for it. Poor fellow ! it is so noble a thing.
He and ^Marriott are on their way home together. Is he
prej)ared for the tempest ?

The Tracts are selling faster than they can print them.
Curious enough the da}' before yesterday the thought came
into my head of printing extracts from our works against
Popery — and they Mill appear stitched into some of the
February magazines. This will be something such as you
heard wished for. And Pusey (perhaps) is going to write the
very thing — a manifesto of prmciples. I do not know that
much good will coipe for the avowed object, but it will
encourage and strengthen ./;/c7;(/.s, who will know what to sa}'.
The last news is that the Irish clergy arc rising ni masse to
call on the English Bishops to convene a holy Synod and

' At this (late the post regulations only allowed sin^jle shoots to pass with-
out extra charge. The same sheet torn in two was cliargcd double.

2 8o fo/in Henry Ncn'man 1809

coiidcinn us. l[;ivc Ihcij not enough to do at home ? The Corn
Ijiiws, tlic ]3elgian Question, Canada, and Afghanistan will in
a whilc! divert peojilc's thoughts. They will tire of wondering
— we shall not tire, so ho it.

The following birthday letter was written to his friend, then
most seriously ill. Later on in the year, when Mr. Newman
records a jmssing visit to him at Eoehampton, there is this
note : ' This was after Bow'den's most serious illness, which
sent him to the Continent.'

Eev. J. H. Newman to J. "W. Bowden, Esq.

February 21, 1839.

As I know you will not be permitted to read this if it is in-
expedient for you, I do not hesitate to send you my kind
thoughts on a day so interesting to both of us, and which seems
to bind us togethei'. You have often done so towards me ; now
let me take my turn. It is a day which, among its other
thoughts, must ever bring before me the image of one of the
kindest, most generous, and most sweet-minded persons I have
ever been allowed to know. All blessings attend j'ou, my dear
Bowden. You are ever in my thoughts. It is now near
twenty-two years that I have had the privilege of knowing
you. I could go on indulging my own feelings for a long
while, but I must take care not to tire 3'ou.

God and all good angels be with you !

Eev. J. H. Newman to Mrs. J. Mozley.

Oriel College: April 23, 1839.

... I have had a number of things to say in answer to
your letters, but have been much pressed for time. Now that
the ' B. C is out and the volume of St. Cyprian (in a day or
two) , I am getting some breathing time. The ' Arians ' is coming
to a second edition, and I must re-WTite it. This will take me
at least a good year [This was not done : there was no second
edition. — J.H.N.], and I hope to give myself up entirely to it.
In the course of my reading I mtend to put notes to our transla-

1839 Let leys and Correspondence 28 1

tion of Theodoret's ' Heresies ' and to translate * St. Cyril
against Xestorius,' and to finish (if possible) my edition of St.
Dionysius. These, luckily, will be in the way [towards the
' Arians.' — J. H. N.j and hardly take me more time. Accord-
ingly I am missing my yearly lectures in Adam de Brome's
Chapel this term ; they were to have been a continuation of
Tract 85, and would have taken me much thought and reading.
The question of the Pope's being Antichrist would have
come in.

I commend to your notice, if it comes in your way, Carlyle
on the French Revolution. A queer, tiresome, obscure, pro-
found, and original work. The writer has not very di-ar
principles and views, I fear, but they are very deep.

Eev. J. H. Newman to ]\Irs. Bowdex.

Mmj 2, 1839.

^ly dear ]\Irs. Bowden, — ]\Ianv thanks for your kind and
welcome letter— it has put us all in very good spirits. There
is but one feeling of satisfaction among all those who have
heard the news [Johnson being made Badcliffe Observer].
Pray give Manuel my warmest congratulations. It is, indeed, a
most splendid termination of his undergraduate course : most
strange — one can hardly believe it. One ought to be very
thankful. Nothing of the kind has given me so much pleasure
since Piogers got a fellowship here. I could not believe it
would turn out as it promised ; but, in spite of all fears, so it
is. "We shall all be in great expectation of his coming. He
ought to be installed with a kind of triumphal pomp.

AVhat you say about John [Mr. Bowden] quite bears out
what Mr. Woodgate has told me. It will be a great point
when 3'ou get him to Eochampton.

PiEV. J. II. Newman to J. W. Jjowden, Esq.

May {hetirccn 7 ami 18) 1839.
We are not very lively here at present. Dr. ^lill is down
here to find a Principal for Bishop's College, Calcutta, and the
Bishop of Nova Scotia for subscriptions to tlie Propagation of

282 fo/in JJfury Ncunimii 1839

llie riospol, and tlio ricfornicrs of the Statutes are trying to
institute a Professor of Logic. The only real news is the
accession, I trust, of Ward of Balliol to good principles. He
is a very important accession. He is a man I know very little
of, but whom I cannot help liking very much, in spite of his
still professing himself a Eadical in politics. Arnold, they
say, has given over preaching against Church views, and is on
the point of publishing a book.

Keble is here for a week, and I write this in Trinity Common -
Pioom, where we have been dining. I wonder what the effect
this change of Ministry will have on the spread of good
principles. I suppose Sir Eobert Peel will try to allure the
Church back into utter captivity, and perhaps will succeed.
I hope this letter will not annoy you to read [viz. in the weak-
ness of his convalescence]. Johnson assures me that it will

PiEv. J. H. Xewman to Mks. Bowden.

Onel Collcfje : May 27, 1839.

My dear Mrs. Bowden, — Manuel will tell you the par-
ticulars of Mrs. Pusey's release. It is a great relief. Pusey

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