John Henry Newman.

Letters and correspondence of John Henry Newman during his life in the English church, with a brief autobiography ; (Volume 2) online

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was being worn out. Now he may, and must, take care of
himself. She died without any pain, and was sensible almost
to the last. His mother is with him.

It is now twenty-one years since Pusej^ became attached
to his late wife, when he was a boy. For ten years after he
was kept in suspense, and eleven years ago he married her.
Thus she has been the one object on earth in which his
thoughts have centred for the greater j)art of his life. He
has not realized till lately that he was to lose her. . . .

My love to the children. I take Emily's wish as a par-
ticular compliment, considering how select she is in her
friendships.

PiEV. J. H. Newman to J. W. Bowden, Esq.

Oriel College: June 22, 1839.
It rejoiced me to find you able to write so firmly and well.
I must contrive to come and see you before 3'ou go off [to



1839 Letters and Correspojidejice 2?>



o



Italy]. Piiscy is kcopinj:^ mc here at present, and then a Con-
firmation is coming on, and I have a poor youth who is dying.

I was thinking what news I had to tell you, but there is
not much. Pusey is to take his children to the south coast
of Devonshire. His sister is to be married next week to
Cotton, the new Provost of Worcester, who in consequence, as
in duty bound, gives up his house and the College entirely to
Mr. Puse}' and the cattle-men ' at the great meeting in July.
It is a compliment to Oxford their coming here at all ; but it
is, I suppose, an inconvenience. All Souls has declined lend-
ing rooms to the Duke of Pachmond, under the apprehension
of his position necessarily introducing crowds of all sorts into
the College. We are going to have London police.

. . . How amusing it is that the Whig-Piadicals, by wa}^ of
merely an argument in debate, should pufif us so much in the
House as they have upon the Education Question ! Of course
it will do us good, as making people believe we arc formidabre.

P.S. — We sold above 60,000 tracts altogether last year.
My new volume of Sermons has come to a second edition in
half a year. Nothing of mine has been so quick before.

Eev. .1. II. Xinv:\rAN to J. W. Bowden, Esq.

Oriel: Jiihj 1 1, 1839.

I am bus}' with the theology of the fifth century at present,
preparatory, I trust, to my finishing my edition of Dionysius
of Alexandria, and editing for the ' Library of the Eathers '
Theodoret, Leo, and Cyril.

We hope to begin publishing a translation of Eleury after
all ; not beginning with the first three centuries — for liurton
would supply that for the present — nor with the fourth, for my
' Arians ' after a way does that ; but from the Council of Con-
stantmople, a.d. 381. From it to the Council of Chalcedon,
A.D, 452, will make two volumes octavo. We shall put notes ;
and, if encouraged by the sale, go on to two volumes more,
and so on. I have to write to Eivington's about it, to know
if it will interfere with any plan of ]\laitland's.

■ The Agriciiltural Show, held tliis year at Oxfonl.



2S4 I oini J Icnry Ncunnan 1839

Hkv. T. II. Nkwman to F. EoGEns, Esq.

Oriel : JiiJij 12, 1.S39.

. . . You liavc no business to ask me whether I have got
oil with my reading in so short a time as you make me give
account of ; however, I can answer satisfactorily. As in all
reading, I have wasted some days in doing nothing ; however,
after all, I hivj got ! upthe question of the parentage, &c., of
the works given to Dionysius the Areopagite. I have got up the
history of the Eutychian controversy, got hold of the opinions
of Eutyches, and the turning point of the controversy (no
easy matter in theology) [this sounds dreadfully pompous on
reading it over.— J. H. N.], have read through the Acts of the
Council of Chalcedon, have got up St. Leo's works, and
{though last, not least) have at length, by further reading and
hunting about, proved, as I think, what I have long believed,
that the word Persona, or Ilp6cra>7rov,yy&.H not a technical word
in the controversy of the Incarnation till after 350-360.
This last hit enables me at once to finish Dionysius, but now
that I am in the INIonophysite controversy, I think I shall
read through it, and then back to the Nestorian, before I go
to him. I should not wonder if this opened other questions,
which on fresh grounds threw Dionysius off again just as
before. I certainly feel a great wish to determine the spurious-
ness of certain other works of other Fathers at the same time.

I wish to make a volume or two of the mere Acta Con-
ciliorum for the ' Library of the Fathers.' Those of the Council
of Chalcedon are most exceedingly graphic and lively, though
the exclamations of the Bishops have less dignity in them
than R. H. F. would have approved.

Two things are very remarkable at Chalcedon — the great
power of the Pope (as great as he claims now almost), and
the marvellous interference of the civil power, as great almost
as in our kings. Hen^e when Eomauists accuse our Church
of Erastianising, one can appeal to the Council, and when our
own Erastians appeal to it, one can bring down on them a
counter-appeal to prove the Pope's power, as a reductio ad
absurd 11 )]i. . . .



1839 Letters and Correspoiidenec 2S5

Keble thinks this number of the ' B. C good, thougli I
susi^ect he is always chivah'ous enough to take part with the
weak. However, I do think it a good number m3-self — very
good. Some one also took H. W.'s article for mine. Keble's
Psalms ( 1 ,000 copies) are out in a month; a second edition
is preparing.

We are undertaking the beginning of a translation of
Fleury. [A. J.] Christie, B.C. [Bible Clerk at Oriel], is
setting about notes on the portion between Councils of Con-
stantinople and Chaleedon, which will form two octavos.
Parker recommended beginning after my ' Arians,' since the
following tract of history was most wanted. I suppose I
shall do great part of the notes myself. My present reading
will just fit in to it. The translation is ready to our hands,'
but Christie or some one else is to revise it.

P.S. — Mr. H. has been here to-day inquiring al)0ut his
renewal. I said you were away till October, and - unhappy
man ! — taking him for M., behaved not over-civilly to him,
which is on my conscience. He looks forbidding and tortuous,
which increased m}^ delusion. Do prove to me he is a very
worthless fellow.

Eev. J. H. Newman to F. Rogers, Esq.

Ond : Septoiihcr 15, 1S39.

Your account of your priest is amusing, fan the Pi.C.'s
have any tender feeling towards Anglicanism '? "Wlio among us
ever showed them any kindness ? Are we not the pets of a
State which has made it felony to celebrate Mans even (T
believe) in private, a law which (Ward declares) remained in
existence till 1780. . . .

You see, if things were to come to the worst, I should turn
Brother of Charity in London — an object" whicli, quite inde-
pendently of any such perplexities, is growing on me, and,
peradventure, will some day be accomplished, if other things
do not impede me. That Capuchin in the ' Promessi Sposi '
has stuck in my heart like a dart. I have never got over him.
Only I think it would be, in sober seriousness, far too great an



2 86 John Henry jYczuiuan 1839

lioiiouL- for such ;is mc to luivo such a post, being little ^YOl■tlly
or fit for it.

'J'lic following letter to Mr. Eogcrs shows the writer in an
unsettled state of mind, clearly requiring some relief. The
misgivings, hinted at here as something scarcely serious,
issued a month later in the ' astounding confidence ' made to
a friend in the New Forest. This was, however, a passing
alarm ; his mind returned to its allegiance.

Eev. J. H. Newman to F. Eogers, Esq.

Oriel Coiled c : September 22, 1839.

Since I wrote to yon, I have had the first real hit from
Eomanism which has happened to me. E. W., who has been
passing through, directed my attention to Dr. Wiseman's article
in the new ' Dublin.' I must confess it has given me a
stomach-ache. You see the whole history of the Monophysitefe
has been a sort of alterative. And now comes this dose at
the end of it. It does certainly come upon one that we are
not at the bottom of things. At this moment we have sprung
a leak ; and the worst of it is that those sharp fellows, Ward,
Stanley, and Co. will not let one go to sleep upon it.
Ciiravimits Bahijloncni et non est curata was an awkward omen.
I have not siiid so much to any one.

I seriously think this a most uncomfortable article on
every account, though of course it is ex parte. ... I think I
shall get Keble to answer it. As to Pusey, I am curious to
see how it works with him.

And now, earissime, good-bye. It is no laughing matter.
I will not blink the question, so be it ; but you don't suppose
I am a madcap to take up notions suddenly — only there is an
uncomfortable vista opened which was closed before. I am
writing upon my first feelings.

Amongst the papers placed in the hands of the editor is an
extract from an article • by H. W. Wilberforce (as inscribed

' Dublin Ecvicw, April 1S69. See also A2:>ologia, p. 162.



1830 Letters and Correspondence 287

by J, H. X.), which gives the history of what passed in the
Kew Forest :

* It was in the bcginninj^ of October 1839 that he made the
astounding confidence, mentioning the two subjects which had
inspired the doubt — the position of St. Leo in the Monophysite
controversy, and the; principle fifciinis jmliaif arhis tcrninnii in
that of the Donatists. lie added that he felt confident that
when he returned to his rooms, and was able fully and calmly
to consider the whole matter, he should see his way com-
pletely out of the difliculty. But he said, " I cannot conceal
from myself that, for the first time since I began the study of
theology, a vista has been opened before me, to the end of
which I do not see." He was walking in the Xev; Forest, and
he borrowed the form of his expression from the surrounding
scenery. His companion, upon whom such a fear came like a
thunderstroke, expressed his hoijc that Mr. Newman might
die rather than take such a step. He replied, with deep
earnestness, that Ik; had thought, if ever the time should come
when he was in serious danger, of asking his friends to pra.y
that, if it was not indeed the will of God, he might be taken
away before he did it.'



PiEV. J. H. Newman to F. PvOgers, Esq,

Chohlcrton : (Jctohcr t,, 1 839.

Keble's preface to the ' Remains,' which awaited me here,
is very good, as far as I can judge ; but somehow I seem to
want the faculty of judging of anything of Keble's. And,
again, I so little enter into people's difficulties that I am not
able to tell whether he has met them. "What I write to you
for is that he has omitted to explain what you wanted ex-
plained, about R. H. F.'s oif-hand expressions ; and, as 1 feel
I cannot do justice to your meaning, I wish you would write
him a line about them. I wrote you a letter on the subject
the other day, and then, thinking it was a shanu; to write
what was worth so little before the penny post was introduced,



288 John J/ciiry Newman 1839

(lid not send it. Yet I think Kcble would like to hear from
you ; so I have changed my mind.

I can't help thinkin;^' I shall find St. Austin agreeing that,
under circumstances, grace is given even in a schismatical
Church, and that in tlie very controversy with the Donatists
which is Dr. W.'s strong ground. I shall take to the subject
on my return. He says, ' Ecclesia etiam per ancillarum
sinum liberos parit Christo,' in his ' De Bapt. adv. Donat.'
Again, the Romanists grant that those who in time of schism
hona fide adhere to an anti-pope, yet are virtually in com-
munion with the centre of unity. If so, they are so virttite
j^racepti, non mcdii. There are saints in the Roman calendar
who adhered to an anti-pope and, I believe, died in that ad-
herence : of these Pope Gregory says, ' Qui non malitia sed
ignorantiae errore peccaverat, purgari post mortem a peccato
potuit.' If so, as ignorance may be one legitimate excuse,
there may be others also. As the Archbishop of C. is Pope
to those who are not better informed, so he may be to those
who, born and ordained in the English Church, afterwards
(ire otherwise informed. But this you will not allow. You
will say, light is given for some end. What do they do in
consequence of their light who remain as they were ?

Well, then, once more : as those who sin after baptism
cannot at once return to their full privileges, yet are not
without hope, so a Church which has broken away from the
centre of unity is not at liberty at once to return, yet is not
nothing. May she not put herself into a state of penance ?
Are not her children best fulfilHng their dut}' to her — not by
leaving her, but l)y promoting her return, and not thinking
they have a right to rush into such higher state as communion
with the centre of unity might give them. If the Church
Catholic, indeed, has actually commanded their return to her
at once, that is another matter ; but this she cannot have
done without pronouncing their present Church good-for-
nothing, which I do not suppose Rome has done of us.

In all this, which I did not mean to have inflicted on you,
I assume, on the one hand, that Rome is right ; on the other,
that we are not bound by uncatholic subscriptions.



Is;ju J^c tiers and Corrcspondt'iicc 2S9

On a case of conscience, in ^Ylncll Miss Giberne seeras to
luive been asked to procure Mr. Newman's judgment, he sends
the following reply. The correspondence placed before the
Editor from diflfcrent sources contains very few letters of this
character.

l{i;v. J. II. Newman to Miss Giuerne.

Oriel CoUcne : October 16, 1839.

The case you put to me is a very difficult one, considering
the young lady is under age. I mean this makes it a case of
disobedience to her father, which full conviction indeed of the
imi)iety of his religious creed, but that alone, can justify.
She ought to be quite sure that she is in earnest and not
under excitement. Our Saviour bids us ' count the cost ' ; the
step she proposes to take might involve other steps ; perhaps
she would find it necessary to be baptized in the Church. If
she is of an age to be able to make up her mind, and if she
has steadily contemplated what lies before her, I think she
might go safely as far as this — not to attend the Socinian
worship, as a first step. But from her having already sub-
mitted to her father, though unwilhngly, I should doubt
whether she can be said clearly to have made up her mind on
the subject. All I would say is, that she should act on her
convictions if they are such, but that she should not mistake
momentary or accidental feelings for convictions.

As to Pusey's introducing himself in the coach, it is im-
possible almost nowadays to travel without one's having to
do so, to prevent things being said (of whatever kind) painful
under the circumstances to all parties.

Eev. J. H. Newman to J. "W. Bowden, Esq.

October 20, 1S39.

We have heard of you from Vigo and Lisljon. No great
events have happened here. While you have been <l()ing so
much by sea, the three M'ceks have been like any other three
weeks. I passed a pleasant time with Mozley, and S. Wilber-
force has been itinerating for the S. P. G. in Devonshire and

VOL. II. u



290 1 lilt Ilcnry A'ci^'iuaii l.s:;;»

astonisnin^- everybody by his eloc^uence. Tlic JJisliop ciC
Exeter is said to say that Pitt and Fox are children to liini.
Archdeacon Fronde writes, what is more to the purpose, that
lie has 1)een useful in preaching Apostohcal doctrine. He
wouhl 1)0 able to bring up people to a certain point. \)v.
Lamb, Dean of Bristol, speaks of the ' fable ' of the Apostolical
Succession.

. . . Pusey is returned and in appearance much better. It
is no exaggeration to say he is a ' Father ' in the face and
aspect. He has been preaching to breathless congregations
at Exeter and Brighton. Ladies have been sitting on the
pulpit steps, and sentimental paragraphs have appeared in the
papers — in the ' Globe ! ' Fancy !

I will tell you a story I heard the other da}'. A clerical
l.)rother-in-law of one of the Fellows of Exeter was dming at
a Visitation dinner in (I think) Wiltshire, and was addressed
by a Cambridge clergyman present. ' Perhaps you don't
know the origin of that Tract system ; it is curious enough.
Mr. Newman was plucked for his divinity. He could not con-
strue a word of the Greek Testament ; and when pressed,
said that he took up the Fathers instead. Accordingly, he
has since made it a point to prove that the Fathers are
everything, and the New Testament of little importance ! "

PiEv. J. H. Newman to Mrs. J. Mozley.

Oriel CoUciir : Octohcr 2^, i839»

... I did not mean to have written to you so much on
business. Tom's articles ['B. C Oct. 1839] ^ are capital. I
am going to publish the ' Church of the Fathers.'

What have I to say ? . . . I fear we have an anxious 3'ear
before us — here, that is. I have not been anxious about the
Apostolical movement till now, but now I am. The Y.-C. is
striking at us.

' These articles are headed, ' Armed Associations for the Protection of Life
and Property,' and ' New Churches.'



I'^-j^ Led CIS ami ConrspoudcuLC 291

Pii:v. J. n. \i;\vMA\ TO J. "\V. Uowijex, Esq.

Xuccmhrr 4, 1839.

The chief thing I have to tell you concerns Morris of
Exeter, whom perhaps you know, perhaps not. He is a most
simple-minded conscientious fellow, but as little possessed of
tact or common sense as he is great in other departments.
He had to take my church in my absence. I had not been
one Sunday from Oxford till lately, since October 1838. I
had cautioned him against extravagances in St. Mary's pulpit,
as he had given some specimens in that line once before.
What does he do on St. Michael's day but preach a sermon,
not simply on angels, but on his one sulycct, for which lie has
a monomania, of fasting ; nay, and say that it was a good thing,
whereas angels feasted on festivals, to make the brute creation
fast on fast days : so I am told. May he {salris ossihiis snix)
have a fasting horse the next time he goes steeple-chasing.
Well, this was not all. You may conceive how the Heads of
Houses, Cardwell, Gilbert, &c. fretted under this ; but the next
Sunday he gave them a more extended exhibition, .s/ quid jmssif.
He preached to them, totidnn vcrhis, the Eoman doctrine of
the Mass ; and, not content with that, added, in energetic
terms, that every one was an unbeliever, carnal, and so forth,
who did not hold it. To this he added other speculations of
his own still more objectionable.

This was too much for any Vicc-Chanccllor. In conse-
quence, he was had up before him ; his sermon officially
examined ; and he formally admonished ; and the Bishop
written to. Thus the matter stands at present. The Bishoi»
is to read his sermon, and I have been obliged to give m\
judgment on it, to him, which is not favourable, nor can be.
I don't suppose much more will ])v done, but it is very
unpleasant. The worst part is that the Vice-Chancellor has
not said a shigle word to me, good or bad, and has U\]ivn away
his family from St. Mary's. I cannot but hope he will have
the good sense to see that this is a mistake. I wish f<// this
kept secret, please ; for it is not known even here.



292 I oliii I Icurv A'czumaii isao

Our Provost is stirring liinisclf in the writing line. He has
heen publishing letters in the Oxford paper ; sernions, I
think, in the * Church of England Magazine,' and a sermon on
Church Extension, which has l)een inserted at length in the
'Eecord.' He is to preach tlie Baniptons, you know, next

year.

P.S. — In the Christmas ' British Critic ' I have thought of
writing an indirect answer to Dr. Wiseman's article.



Eev. J. H. Newman to ^Irs. J. Mozley.

Xorenihcr 17, 1S39.

As to the Vice-chancellor ... I should not wonder if my
situation got unpleasant at St. Mary's. Had I my will, I
should like giving up preaching. Only it is more than
probable that any person I appointed would be liked less than
myself. My greatest encouragement is the number of weekly
communicants, and that among the M.A.'s. The Under-
graduates are few, which I am glad of, the B.A.'s more, and
the M.A.'s more. This morning I had forty-three altogether,
in the dark even. This show^s, one trusts, a steady growth of
seriousness among the clergy of the place, and that the
change, whatever it is to be, is not from Undergraditates,
which would be very objectionable if it could be helped.
But the prospect is gloomy. The Heads of Houses are
getting more and more uneasy, I should not wonder if the
Bishop got uneasy, in which case I suppose I should resign
the living ; and I expect the country clergy will be getting
uneasy. I am quite in the dark what the effect of the new
volume of the ' Eemains ' will be. . . . Then the question of
the Fathers is getting more and more anxious. For certain
persons will not find in them just what they expected.
People seem to have thought they contained nothing but the
doctrines of Baptismal Regeneration, Apostolical Succession,
Canonicity of Scripture, and the hke. Hence many have
embraced the principle of appeal to them with this view.
Now they are beginning to bo undeceived. ... I never can



lf^.^9 Letters and Correspondence 293

be surprised at itt(Iiruhi(il.-i ji^joing oft' to rioinaiiism, but that is
not my chief fear, but a schism in tlie Church : that is, those
two parties who have hitherto got on together as they couUl,
from the times of Puritanism downward, gathering up into
clear, direct, tangible forces, and colliding. Oar Church is not
at one with itself, there is no denying it. . . . However, as I
never have felt elation when matters were promising, so I do
)iot (I trust) feel despondenc}' or trouble now when they
threaten. I do really trust, if it may be said without pre-
sumption, that we are brought forward for a purpose, and
we may leave the matter to Ilim who directs all things
well. One thing seems plain, if it did not before, that
te)itpor<il prospects we (personally) have none. I could
fancy things going so far as to make me resign even mj'
fellowship.

1\S. . . . Pray give my very aftectionate remembrance to
Louisa [Mrs. Deane] when you write, and tell her that I do
not forget her or any other friends, and am not so violently
diftereiit from what I was when she knew me a little, as she
may think from the tin-kettle accounts of me which rattle to
and fro in the world.

Such notes of warning as are sounded in the above letter
were doubtless very trying to the receiver; but ^frs. Mozley
was assisted to bear them with serenity, both l)y her high
esteem for her brother's character and by her own unworld-
liness. The loss of position and tlie world's estimate would
tell little with her. The question would be one of right and
wrong. And, trusting her brother as she did, and full of faith
in her own Church, she hoped, and held lier })eace.

Pkv. J. H. Kkwman to 1!kv. W. F. Hook.

Oriel : Jannarii 3, 1 S40.

1 will bear in mind what you say about the ' Serious Call.'
Is not Law's * Christian Perfection " a very good book ? I do
not know it, but I'ishop "Wilson reconnnends it. Is A Kempis



2 94 /('//// Ilcury Xcwnian isio

one of tlio hooks you want? Tliat is KoiiiR to Ik; puldislicd
here.

As to the subject of Justification, Le Bas has completely
cut uio oil' from this in the ' B. C by choosing to review my
l)ook in it, and takes a side which, though not uncatliolic (for
else I could not have inserted it), is so directly against me that
I am lundorcd from defending my own views. I will say to
you what I have said to no one else — that, considering I was
editor, this was very inconsiderate in him ; but since he puffs
uie for putting it in, my mouth is closed, and I must take hi^:
puff as my reward.

As to , I wish to steer clear of him, if I can, "Were T

lo begin, I should cut him up so very sadly, and I do not
think he has any bad weight here. As far as he is thought of,
he leads persons a certain way and then breaks down, deposit-
ing them and their luggage in the road, about half way be-
tween Geneva and Oxford. People cannot remain long in so
exposed a state, but get on as they can in omnibuses.

The kindest and Ijcst wishes of tlie season to you and
yours.

IiEV. J. H. Newiman to J. W. BowDEN, Esq.

■Jannarji 5, 1840.

. . . The said ' Christian Observer ' has got milder lately
— I suppose it finds it is over-shooting the mark. Mr. Taylor,*
I think; is destroying himself and his cause by proving too
much. I have not read his fasciruH yet, but I see he talks of



Online LibraryJohn Henry NewmanLetters and correspondence of John Henry Newman during his life in the English church, with a brief autobiography ; (Volume 2) → online text (page 24 of 47)