John Henry Newman.

Letters and correspondence of John Henry Newman during his life in the English church, with a brief autobiography ; (Volume 2) online

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be the same as mine. We all create a sympathy towards riome
so far as our sj'stem does not realise what is realised in liome.
(3) For what we know, Lihcralism, Iiationalism, is the foe at
our doors. St. IMary's pulpit may be given me against an
enemy which ma}' appear to-morrow. I am more certain
that Protestantism leads to infidelity than that my own views
lead to Rome. On the whole, though I cannot draw out my
reasons, I am more comfortable than I was. I think that,
though St. Austin is against us, yet that the case of Meletius
is certainly for us, and that our position is much more like
the Antiochene than the Donatist. ^My only solicitude has
been to have an answer in controrcrsi/ why an indiciduaJ is
not bound to leave the English Church. That we are suffering
dreadfully (so are the Romans), and that we are wrong in our
separation, I do not doubt. It is quite consistent to say that
I think Rome the rentvc of unity, and yet not to say that she
is infallible, when she is by lierself. Now this is a long prose,
and I don't know if you will understand it. The upshot is,
whether I continue so or not, that I am much more comfort-
able than I have been. I do not fear at all any number of
persons as likely to go to Rome, if I am secure about myself.
If I can trust myself, I can trust others. We have so many
things on our side, that a good conscience is all that one

Your boy is very well. He has been variously useful, in the
way of transcription pi-incipally. I have Atkins in my rooms,
hammering in with all his might eight bookshelves. Tlie
planting is finished at Littlcmore, and l<inks very nice mdced.

' ' Tciuliiiius ill I.atiiini.' Wyj. .in. i. liu.").

320 foliii Henry N^cuman 1840

The Provost lias set himself agamst Choldei-tou Church,
stingily granted leave to build at the November audit, and is
lidgeting to get the plans before the College. He says that
Mozley wishes a fine church on the Wiltshire Downs : that is
the truth. Your sister's poles have just come and are lying
on my sofa, a goodly length of ten feet perhaps. Mozley [J. B.]
has bought 6ol. or yol. worth of furniture, which is a gi*eat
thing for the fund. I suppose I shall buy something more
of it for Littlemore — my rooms are nearly ready. I hope at
length we shall get rid of our schoolmistress, but there is
nothing settled. Nor is the design yet made of the organ
loft. Keble comes to-day and gives his lecture to-morrow.
John "Watson's church has been consecrated ; he asked 200
])eople. Copeland went over on Monday (the consecration
was to be on Wednesday) and scarcely had got there when a
message came from the Bishop of Peterborough (Davies) that
his little boy was ill and he could not come. John Watson set
off at once, travelled through the night, despatched messengers
countermanding his party, saw the Bishop ; the child got
better, the Bishop consented to come. J. W. sent again to
his guests summoning them, and all went off well. Williams's
church is postponed sine die.

Bowden is at the Isle of Wight, and very flourishing,
according to accounts. ' Hildebrand ' is daily coming, but
not come. Pi. Palmer writes an article on General Educa-
tion for the next ' B. C T. M. takes the editorship in the
summer. W. Palmer of Magdalen seems to have difficulty
to convince the Russians that we are much of a Church ;
their definition of us was a Church which had cast off
its Patriarch, was somehow Calvinistic, and had no disci-

November 26. — Last evening Bowden's volumes came.
Either one has drifted, or he is most intensely Anglican in his
theory, but he is quite consistent. He looks at things as but
errors in the Church up to Trent, but thence they have been
taken into the system.

Bliss's paper has lately been opening upon us, with Sewell
and Golightly ; and Bull has this day been preaching a sennon

1840 Lcttcis and Con-cspondcncc 321

in which he advocated Oxford being made a scliool of divinity
instead of private institutions ('■.//. Chichester), and recom-
mended the enforcement of the ]]. A. residence for that
purpose. At the end he spoke in a very (jravr way of present
unity being in jeopard}'.

In fest. S. lliom. — I almost wonder we have not heard
of you. Did I tell you that the Dean of Chichester,' when
here preaching, contradicted flatly that Golightly had ever
had the offer of the Principalship— which has put the same
Golightly in a flame of indignation.

Charles (an Oriel servant) has ditd very much in deljt,
and his family literally had not a meal some weeks before his
death. His place worth 300/. a year. It was the ruin
of him, as it turned out, for it enabled him to keep a boy. and
then, having time and money, he went to drinking.

I have taken Haddan of Trir.ity for my curate ; he was
ordained yesterday, and read prayers for me in the evening.

My sister H. has been writing a juvenile novel,^ which has
come before Mr. Gresley, who is so taken with it that they
talk of beginning a new series of talcs, jtc, with it for the
iirst. It has its faults, of course, as a first publication, Init
it certainly is very good. But all this, I believe, is quite a

*S7. Stqiltrn's Daj/. — Your letter came yesterday, very
acceptably. I think I am getting to see my way more clearly.
1 am expecting daily to hear of Dalston's death.

Pioundell Palmer has written a beautiful article for me on
Public Schools' Education Books, and is to write on Bussia,
England, and Turkey. "We don't like your friends thr Turks
60 much as you do.

I wonder you were disappointed at the buildings of Home.
AVhom did 3'ou ever hear praise their architecture as beautiful
or solemn ? I never did. Bichness of materials — taste in
combining them — vastness of design — and antiquitii, Itliought
to be their characteristics. Gladstone's book is not open to
the objections I feared ; it is doctrinaire, and (/ think) some-

' Tlic Very Ecv. GeorRc Chandler.

- The title of this book is The Fairy Bjivcr. It had a great succcs-^.

32 2 fohn llcnry Nczuman 1841

what sclf-confidont, l)ut it will do good. Somehow there is
great earnestness, but a want of amiableness, about him.

Mrs. J, MozLEY to Eev. J. H. Newman.

January 1841.

... I am surprised yet pleased that you should think so
much of what I say of your fifth volume of sermons, because it
shows how little you know of the estimation in which they
are generally held. I think you will be glad to hear what I
hear from all quarters, that they are more read than any of
your writings ; indeed it is a great comfort to me, for I cannot
but think they are calculated to be of immense benefit to the
most important class. I am sure it is a great gift, that insight
you show into human nature. When I think of people whom
one calls decidedly ' clever men,' I see what I estimate in you
is not their sort of talent ; it is nothing intellectual ; it is a
sort of spiritual perception ; and I wonder whether it is any-
thing like the gifts in the Corinthian Church. Perhaps we
might have the same gift in ours now if it was not so sadly
neglected. Perhaps it may be met with in private clergj^men,
but I do not see it in any published sermons as strongly as in

Eev. J. H. Newman to F. PiOgees, Esq.

Oriel: Januaru 2, 1841.

A happy new year to _you. You do not say how long you
stay at Eome, so I write there. , . . The ' Times ' has put in
three columns on Bowden's ' Hildebrand,' a puff, though
confessing he goes lengths. Palmer of Magdalen is returning
a-rrpaKTOi-. The Enssians will not believe him against the
evidence of all the English they ever saw before. The}' think
him a theorist or worse. He comes home in the spring.
Balston was buried in Magdalen. Daman, Marriott, Church,
and Pritchard came up to the funeral, and with Coftin and
me were the pall-bearers. He suffered a good deal at last
"from restlessness, but took it all ver}^ gently and patienth',
and has left a tender thought of him in manv hearts.

1841 Letters and Correspondence 323

Ejyij^hanjf. — I sent you a slip in Marriott's k-ttcr to you
just now. I take up my pen to say that Arthur Perceval sent
me, in slips, a most beautiful letter in defence of Froude (really
against Sewell), which is to appear in the ' Irish Ecclesiastical
Journal.' It ought to be written in letters of gold. It is the
most striking thing I have read a long while. It quotes his
letters of '33, '34 ; defends him from the charge of conspiracy
most happily by extracts, and wliitewashes (while he hits)
Keble and me. But to say that it hits at Sewell is rather to
give )nj/ feeling than Perceval's intention.

JauHcinj 10. — The news is as follows : Robert A\'ilberforce
is Archdeacon of the East Ridinfj. Claugbton is said to be
about to marry Lord Ward's sister, and C. L. Cornish to
marry Monro's sister. But do not tell these matches, for it is
only what is generally said and believed.

The ' Anglo-Catholic Library' is in a tottering condition.
Copeland has given up the editorship because our divines do
not go far enough for him, and Maitland has withdrawn from
the committee because the concern is in Copeland's, ^kc, hands.
^Meanwhile Parker has been diligently collecting the subscrij)-
tions, and the Protestants of London have started an Opposi-
tion Society which is to bring out cheapl}' Reformation works.
To complete it, the first volume (Andrewcs' Sermons) is just
through the press, and very well edited. I do not see my way
at all. It is no plan of mine, and neither Pusey nor I was
warm about it, l)ut the question is, "What is to be done under
the circumstances ?

Henry Wilberforce has not been well, and, I think, rather
alarmed about himself. If the weather changes (which it is
just now promising to do), he is to come this week and pay
me a visit here.

I think you are apt to be unfair to those unhap])v
Romanists. As to the ceremonies, I confess I liked wliat I
saw as little as you ; but there is such a thing as uncharitable-
ness. We are much cautioned in Scripture not to go by
appearances. How often has a person a pompous, &c.,
numner in England whom we think well of. ])emurencss
is the Roman manner, as pompousness is the Church of Eng-

324 / ohn Henry Nciuman 1841

land's. I\[arriott says upon it, ' Tlie impression of hollownoss
in ceremonies is almost necessarily exaggerated, unless one
enters into them with complete enthusiasm.' You may be
right in being so suspicious of Eome, but still such prejudice
and suspicion, I do think, disqualify you as a witness of facts
against her. You seem to like to catch at something bad.
Y'ou caught at that Lutheran's saying that Dr. W. was an
unscrupulous controversialist. I dare say he is. But who is
not ? Is Jeremy Taylor, or Laud, or Stillingfleet ? I declare
I think it as rare a thing, candour in controversy, as to be a
Saint. So you see, on the whole, I think that Mr. Close,
under the same circumstances, would be as hollow as the
Pope, and Mr. Townsend as unfair as Dr. "Wiseman. Should
you like Manzoni or Yitali to judge of us either by Cheltenham
or Durham ?

I fear I tire your eyes. Perhaps it is a foolish thing to
write so small and keep the letter so long, but I am growing
stingy of paper, for my stationer's bill the past j^ear has come
to pretty nigh \qI.

Cariss'iDi c, I wish you were here again, and wi]l you give a good
account of your health when you write ? Were I anxious about
you, for which I see no reason, much more should I be anxious
about H. Wilberforce, Bloxam, and Bowden, not to say Hope.

PiEV. J. H. Newman to J. W. Bowden, Esq.

Fehnianj 12, 1841.

... As to Rome, I never heard anyone who did not speak
against what it was possible to get at of its state. I suppose
it is what Oxford was some sixty or seventy years ago. Piogers
was pleased with the ecclesiastics of Milan. . . .

I think an anti-papal feeling is rising among the English
Roman Catholics. I have lately seen a deeply interesting
letter from Mr. Phillips, of Leicestershire (though chimerical),
who has also written to the ' Tablet. ' Pugin, too, is very strong
on our side. ' The British Critic ' is said to have done good
service, particularly the article on ' Antichrist.'

H. Wilberforce has been here for a fortnight, making ac-
quaintance with young Oxford.

1841 Letters and Correspondence 325

PiEv. J. 11. Newman to Mks. J. Mozley.

Fcbrnarif 24, 1841.

I never had such dreary thon|];hts as on finding myself
forty. Twenty-one was bad enough.

Of the year 1836 Mr. Newman had written (see p. 177) : —
'March 1836 is a cardinal point of time/ and, giving a list
of notable incidents, comments on them : ' A new scene gradu-
ally opened.' Five years later, the same MS. (* Chronological
Notes ') concludes with the words : * The aftair of No. 90, March
1841, was a far greater crisis than March 1836, and opened
an entirely different scene.' '

If the reader will refer to a letter of Mr. Newman's to Mr.
Eose, dated March 28, 183 1,- he will see for how long a time
the subject of the interpretation of the Articles had been in
his thoughts.

1\EV. J. \l. NeW.MAX to J. W. BOWDEN, EsQ.

Littlciiion' : March 5. [841.

I am writing a raiserabh' prosy review of your ' Ililde-
brand,' and quite feel I am not doing it justice. It is merely
a cento of passages and sentences from you spoiled. . . .

' The publication of Tract No. 90 is thus announced in the Ikv. J. U.
Mozley's Letters, p. 1 1 1 : —

'March 8, 1S41.— A new Tract has come out this last week which is beginning
to make a sensation. It is on the Articles, and sliows that they bear a highly
Catholic meaning ; and that many doctrines of which the Romanist are corrup-
tions may be held consistently with them. This is no more than what we know as
a matter of history, for the Articles were expressly worded with a view to bring
in Roman Catholics (see Apologia, p. 131). But people are astonished and
confused at the idea now, as if it was quite new, and they have been so accus-
tomed for a long time to look on the Articles as on a par with the Creed that
they think, I suppose, that if they subscribe to them they are bound to liold
whatever doctrines arc (not positively stated in them, but) merely not condemned.
So if they will bear a Tiactarian sense they arc thereby all of them Traetarian.
But whatever the view may be, there seems to be something brewing, ami a man
of this college told mc just now that he had been canvassed to join in a public
protest against the Tract, &c. Ac'

- Vol. i. p. 239.

326 fo/uL Henry Neiuman 1841

Do you know I um getting' into a scrape about Tract 90 ?
Yet it must be ; I cannot repent it a Lit ; unless, indeed, it
should get Pusey involved in it. Palmer (of Worcester) has
written to me approving of it in very strong terms, and telling
me I may use his name. People are so angry, they will
attempt to do anything. The Heads of Houses are on the
move, but I have not heard whether they mean to do anything.
I repeat, I cannot repent it.

p.S. — I have just heard that the Board of Heads of Houses
is most fierce with the Tract and tracts generally, and means to
do something.

In the ' Apologia ' is found the following extract from a
letter of this date addressed to Dr. Jelf :

The only peculiarity of the view I advocate, if I must so
call it, is this — that, whereas it is usual at this day to make
the particular belief of their writers the true interpretation, I
would make the belief of the Catholic Church such.

Eev. J. H. Newman to Mrs. Thos. Mozley.

March 9, 1841.

I have got into what may prove a serious mess here. I
have just published a Tract (90) which I did not feel likely to
attract attention. I sent it to Keble before publishing ; he,
too, made no remark upon it. But people are taking it up
very warmly — thanl^'s, I believe, entirely to Golightly.

Again, to the same siste;: :

March 12, 184 1.

I fear I am clean dished. The Heads of Houses are at
this very moment concocting a manifesto against me. Do
not think I fear for my cause. "We have had too great a run
of luck.

Eev. J. H. Newman to J. "W. Bowden, Esq.

Oriel: March 13, 1841.

Any other remarks you have to make on my Tract would
be ver}' acceptable, since I am writing a pamphlet about it.

1841 Letters and Correspondence 2)-7

I expect the very ^YOl•st— that is, that a condemnation will
be passed in Convocation upon the Tracts as a whole, by the
non-resident Establishment men. Liberals and Peculiars.

Do not breathe this lest it should sugf;est the idea ; but I
am making up my mind to it, and so is Keble. He saw the
Tract before it was published. Perceval and Palmer approve
it highly. That it will turn to good I doul)t not ; but we have
been too prosperous. I am only sorry that my friends should
suffer through me.

PiEV. Pi. "W. CriuRcii TO F. Pioc.ii:ns, Esq.

Olid: Muich 14, 1 84 1.

I quite dread to begin a letter to you, not from lack, but
from abundance, of matter. Don't, however, prick up your
ears too high, else you may be disappointed : people on the
spot can scarcely tell what is great and what little ; yet I think
that curious things have happened since I wrote last. I think
I told you that the ' Times ' had been letting in letters signed
' Catholicus ' against Sir Pi. Peel, criticising an address delivered
by him in the Tamworth Pleading Room, in which he took
Lord Brougham's scientific natural-theology line ; and not only
had let them in, but puffed them in its leading article, without
however giving up Peel. These said letters, signed ' Catholicus,'
with one or two others of the same sort on duelling, il-c, were
thought to smack strongly of Puseyism, and brought out
furious attacks on the said Puseyites in the * Globe,' expostula-
tions and remonstrances on political and theological grounds
from the ' Standard,' and a triumphant Macaulayism in the
^ Morning Chronicle.' in which the writer, with great cleverness,
<lrew a picture of alliance between effete, plausible, hollow
Toryism with Puseyism, which he described as a principle
which for earnestness and strength had had no parallel since
the Reformers and Puritans, and rejoiced greatly over the
prospect that Puseyism must soon blow Toryism to shivers.
And the 'Globe' admitted that people were most egregiouslyout
in supposing that this same Puseyism was an affair of vest-
ments and ceremonies : that it was, on the contrary, something

328 John //airy Xczauan 1841

far deeper and more danf,'erous. Such was the state of things
out of doors hist moiitli.

Meanwhile, ahout the heginning of the month, a debate
took phice in the House of Commons about Maynooth, in
which Lord Morpeth made a savage attack on Oxford, as
being a pLace where people who were paid for teaching
Protestantism were doing all they could to bring things
nearer and nearer to Eome, and suggested that this would be
a fitter subject for Parliamentary inquiry than Maynooth.
Sir Pi. Inglis, of course, said that the University was not re-
sponsible for the ' Tracts for the Times,' and so on ; and
O'Connell said that the Puseyites vv'ere breaking their oaths.
This brought a strong article in the ' Times,' in which, without
identifying itself with us here theologicaUi/, it stoutly defended
the Tract writers from the charge of being ill-affected to the
Church of England, fully entered into their dislike of the word

* Protestant,' and ended by saying that it had said so much
because it had been ' misled some time ago by the authority
quoted by Lord Morpeth ' (the ' Church of England Quarterly ')

* to speak of them in terms of harshness, which it now re-
gretted.' This, of course, w\as called ' ominous ' by the Con-
servatives and Whigs together, and the 'Times' was accused
of Puseyism. This led to a second article in the ' Times,' in
which, while carefully guarding against identifying themselves,
they gave a very good sketch of the history of things from the
meeting at Piose's house, written as accurately and in as good
a spirit as anyone could wish, and went on to puff the strength
and importance of the party, the good it had done, and the
strictness, high principle, and so on, of the people up here.
This astonished people not a little, but, in spite of wondering
letters and remonstrances, the ' Times ' kept its ground in a
third article, still not professing to be able to enter into the
merits of the theological controversy, but maintaining that these
Oxford people were the only peoj^le who had done or were
likely to do any good in the Church, that the}' had stopped
the attacks on the Liturgy and Articles which had been made,
or most weakl}^ met, by Conservatives and Evangelicals, and
that, let people say what they please, they were making way fast-

1841 Letters ana Corrcspoudaicc 329

Three days before this article in the ' Times,' Xewnuiii
published a new tract, No. 90, the object of which was to shew
kotv patient the Articles are of a Catholic interpretation on
certain points where they have been usually taken to
pronounce an unqualiiled condenniation of Catholic doctrines
and opinions, or to maintain Protestant ones : cji. that the-
Article on Massca did not condemn the Sacriiice of the Mass,
or that on Paiyatori/, all Catholic ophiions on the subject, but
only that ' liomanensium,' assuming that to be meant which is
spoken of in the Homilies : the chief points were, of course,
Scripture, the Church, General Councils, Justilication, Pur-
gatory, Invocation of Saints, ]\rasse3, Homilies, Celibac}' of
Clergy, and the Pope : on all these points speaking pretty
freely, and putthig out explicitly, what of course many must
have felt more or less for a long time.

Newman must have the credit of having taken some pains
to find out l)eforehand whether it was likely to make much
row. He did not think it would lie more attacked than others,
nor did Kelpie or PI. "Wilberforce. Ward, however, prophesied
from the first that it would be hotly received, and so it proved.
It came out at an unlucky time, just when people here were
frightened to death and puzzled by the tone of the papers, and
galled by Lord ]\Iorpeth and O'Connell's attack. Tait of
Balliol first began to talk fiercely : he had thought himself
secure behind the Articles, and found his entrenchments
suddenly turned; but he was, after all, merely a skirmisher
set on to rouse people by Golightly, whose genius and activity
have contributed in the greatest degree to raise and direct
the storm. He saw his advantage from the first, and has
used it well. He first puffed the Tract all over Oxford as the
greatest ' curiosity ' that had been seen for some time : his
diligence and activit}^ were unwearied; he then turned
his attention to the country, became a purchaser of No. 90
to such an amount that Parker could hardly supiily him,
and sent copies to all the Pishops, t^c. In the course of a
week he had got the agitation into a satisfactory state,
and his elTorts were redoubled. He then made an appli-
cation to the Rector of Exeter to be allowed to come and


John Henry Nciuman 1841

state tlie case to him witli the view of his heading a move-
ment, but lie was poHtely refused admittance ; he had better
success with the Warden of Wadham. It was determined
in the first instance to move the Tutors, and accordingly last
Monday came a letter to the Editor of the Tracts, attacking
No. 90 as removing all fences against Rome, and calling on
the said Editor to give up the name of the writer. This was
signed by four Senior Tutors : — Cltnrtoit, B.N.C., IJ^ihon, St.
John's, Griffiths, Wadham, and Tait, gentlemen who had
scarcely the happiness of each other's acquaintance till Golly's
skill harnessed them together. He fought hard to get Eden,
but failed ; as also in his attempts on Johnson (Queen's) and
Twiss and Hansell, and Hussey (Ch. Ch.). This absurd
move merely brought an acknowledgement of their note from
the Editor, and they printed their letter, and so this matter
ended. But it soon became known that the Heads were furious
and meant to move ; driven frantic by Golightly and the
' Standard.' They met, full of mischief, but it was judged ex-
pedient to separate airpaKTOi, partly from press of other busi-
ness, and especially because it appeared that many had not read
No. 90. At their second meeting, all present were for proceed-
ing except the Eector of Exeter, and the Exeter Proctor, Day-
man ; but all the board did not come. The matter was
referred to a committee, and we are now waiting then* decision.
It seems, however, certain that they are afraid to try Convo-

Online LibraryJohn Henry NewmanLetters and correspondence of John Henry Newman during his life in the English church, with a brief autobiography ; (Volume 2) → online text (page 27 of 47)