John Henry Newman.

Letters and correspondence of John Henry Newman during his life in the English church, with a brief autobiography ; (Volume 2) online

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morning, both printed and written.



1841 Letters and Correspondence 343

It is a comfort to me too (now that a calm has, as I hope,
succeeded the threatened storm) to feel assured that, though
I have, perhaps, caused pain to one hi whom I feel much
interest, and for whom I have a gi'cat regard, you will never
regret having written that letter to me.

It is one calculated to soften and to silence opponents, as
also to attach and to regulate friends, whilst the tone and
temper of mind with which it is written must please and
gratify all who read it.

Believe me, my dear Sir,

Faithfully yours,

li. Oxford.



Eev. J. H. New.man to Mns. J. ^Mozlev.

J;/n7 5, 1.S41.

In order to satisfy any friend, such as my aunt or Aunt C,
■who cannot enter into the merits of tJiinfis, I enclose this letter, of
which you can take down a word or two and let me have it
back. You may say also, that the hubbub required the
Bishop to do somctJdnfi, but that of himself he had no wish.
This I believe to be the simple truth. ^My own Bishop has
been as kind as possible. I am not speaking of him at all ;
but the moving powers of the Church will be severe the more
men yield, and will shrink and give way tlie more men
threaten. We are hit because we arc dutiful.

Yet as they say that ' honesty is the best policy,' so I
have no fear but that sul)mission is victory. 1 have had no
misgiving, and people will see that (like the Whigs) we are
ducks in a pond, knocked over but not knocked out. At
least, so I trust.

The following letter, already in print, may be introduced
here as showing the feeling of the heads of the movement on
the stir aroused by Tract 90. Br. Pusey's remarks bear on
the joint subtilty and candour working together, as a charac-
teristic in Mr. Newman's mind :



344 y^/^'^ Iloiry Nciuvian 1841

PiEV. Dr. Pusey to T. R. Hope, Esq.'

1 84 1 \JSo (\ni(\

. . . You will be glad to hear that the immediate excite-
ment about Tract 90 seems subsiding, although I fear (in the
minds of many) into a lasting impression of our Jesuitism,
&c. On the other hand, they who have read what Newman
has written since on the subject, must be won by his touching
simplicity and humility. I should hope, too, a good deal will
have been incidentally explained, which people thought to be
done gratuitously. Every one says how Newman has risen
with the occasion. Keble writes to-day : * I cannot but think
that Newman's coming out as he does in this whole business
will do the cause a great deal more good, than any fresh stir of
which this tract has been made the pretence, is likely to do
harm. People quite unconnected write to me as if they were
greatl}" moved by it.

The pseudo-traditionary and vague ultra-Protestant inter-
pretation of the Articles has received a blow from which it will
not recover. People will abuse Tract 90, and adopt its main
principles. It has been a harassing time for Newman, but all
great good is purchased by suffering ; and he is wonderfully
calm.

PiEV. J. H. Newman to J. "W. Boavden, Esq.

Oriel : April 4, 1841.

Your letter this morning was an exceedingly great gratifi-
cation to me ; and it is confirmed, I am thankful to say, by
the opinion of others. The Bishop sent me a message that
my letter had his unqualified approbation ; and since that he
has sent me a note to the same eftect, only going more into
detail. It is most pleasant, too, to my feelings to have such a
testimony to the substantial truth and importance of No. 90
as I have had from so many of my friends, from those who
from their cautious turn of mind I was least sanguine about,
such as T. Keble, Prevost and Moberly. I have not had one

' E. Hope-Scott's Memoirs, vol. i. p. 261.



1841 Letters and Correspondence 345

misgiving myself tlirougiiont, and I trust that ^vllat has
happened will be overruled to subserve the great cause we all
have at heart.

Sewell's postscript and declaration are valuable, not on
their own account, but as symptoms, at least ^ai/raa/a, of a
reaction.

Now I am thinking of this about 3'ou, have you made up
your mind what history to take up next ? If not, is not ////.s-
an idea ? People sluiiik fioiii Catholicity' and think it im-
plies want of alfection for our National Church. AVell, then,
merely remind them that you take the National Church, but
only you do not date it from the Reformation. In order to
kindle love of the National Church, and yet to inculcate a
Catholic tone, nothing else is necessaiy but to take our
Church in the Middle Ages.

[N.B. This was the line taken by me immediately on feel-
ing the force of ])r. Wiseman's article about the Donatists.
It led me to pul)lisli ' Lives of the English Saints.'— J. H. N.]

Laud, T believe, somewhere calls St. Anselm his great pre-
decessor. Would not the history of Anselm be a great subject
for you. Froude had intended taking it next. Nothing
would more effectually tend to disarm people of their preju-
dice against Catholicity as anti-national than this. But,
however, I leave it to your thoughts.

PiKV. -T. H. Newman to J. W. Bowdkn. Es(^

Ovu] : April S, 1S4I.

I quite agree in what you saj' about your histoi-jeal subject.
Certainly a Continental subject is in all respects better suited
to you than an English. It follows upon ' Ilildebrand.' How-
ever some (»'(• ought to take up St. Anselm, and I wish we
could lind whd that is.

Bkv. .1. II. Ni:wMAN TO Bkv. J. Kkhlk.

April 10, 1S41.

I add more words about your pamphlet. My view is this :
that we should make good and complete the arniiuuntativc.



346 John J I envy N'czunian 1841

ground of our interpretation of the Articles and then leave it
to work. If that has not been yet done, as perhaps it has not,
and your pamphlet is on it, let it come out ; Ijut jtrotcsts and
aufliorifir^, or vumhcrs, these let us altofietlier discard.

1 cannot help thinking this is right.

As to the Bishops, the one thing they fear is a distur-
bance —

1. Either a secession to Rome.

2. Or a division within.

For this reason I am sure they cannot like the
Hebdomadal Act. We may do anything if we keep from
disturbance. The more we can jdeld, the better policy.
We can gain anything by giving way.

The following communication in the form of a lithographed
circular, from a Bishop to his Clergy, is found among papers
of this date :

The Palace, Wells: April 27, 1841.

Eev. Sir, — I hear with surprise and concern of the pro-
posed interference of some of the Clergy of my Diocese, in the
proceedings at Oxford, with reference to the (so called) Oxford
Tracts.

Allow me to observe that, in my judgment, it would be
more correct and judicious for my Clergy to leave the impor-
tant questions, now in discussion at Oxford, to the decision of
the Heads of Houses and to the Bishop of that Diocese.

I am, Eev. Sir, your faithful brother,

Geo. H. Bath and Wells.

To the lady of excitable temperament, who had written to
him on the ISlo. 90 question, Mr. Newman writes :

Oriel College: A2)ril 1841.

I am not surprised at any one being drawn to the
Roman Church under your feelings, wrong as I think it.
And I lament as much as any one can our present state
in the English, in which high aspirations have so little



1841 Letters and Correspondence 347

means of exercise. If you will allow me to add it, I think you
were ]ia>i\i) in your resolve. So great a matter as a change of
religion ought not to be thought of without years (I may say) of
prayer and preparation. Nor do I think it God's way,
generally si3eaking, for indiv'uluah to leave one religion for
another — it is so much like an exercise of private judgment.
Three thousand at once were converted on the day of Pentecost.
Where miracles are brought before an individual the case is
different.

However, it is of course most satisfactory news to me that
your purpose was arrested, and a cause of much thankfulness
that any work of mine was a means of it.

Your interest in the disturbance which has been raised
against me in this place is very kind. I have no misgivings
about my past proceedings, and I wait securely (under God's
l)lessing) for all to go right. I think it will. Everything
seems in a good train. The cause of Catholic truth, I trust,
will not suffer — and if not, then it matters little if some slight
inconvenience or trouble falls to my share.

It is good for all of us to have burdens and to have our
patience tried. Patience and forbearance are great virtues
— perhaps they are more difficult in the case of attacks made
on persons we feel an interest in than in our own case. But
we must one and all resign ourselves, except where duty
comes in, to the disorders with whicli our Chureh lal<ours at
this day. Yours faithfully.

Pi:v. J. II. Xewmax to PiKV J. Kkrli:.

J nil/ 23, 1 84 1.

Do you think it would be possible to limit the ' l). C." to
certain subjects, or rather to exclude certain subjects ? 1 tV-ar
closing the safety-valves. Talk carries off a good deal of irri-
tation ; but how to make innocent talk ? I have just stopped
Piobert Williams going on with the printing the translation of
the Breviary. He would not print it without my countenance,
and that I did not feel I could f/ivr. But men irill be doing
something. I fear that poor is going to Kome, but one ia



348 J'-^f^^^ Henry Ncunuan 1841

apt to anticipate the worst. I have just stopped a man (not
one you know), \.c. for the time, and other friends have stopped
another. This in great confidence.

To a lady who in imagination had strong leanings to a
monastic life, and to the Church of Tiome as the means of
entering that life, ]\Ir. Newman writes :

Onii CoUrgc: 1 84 1.

Your letter has given me the most heartfelt pain, though
I do not feel at the moment quite as much myself as I should
like to be in answering so very serious an appeal ; yet I do not
like to delay.

Let me observe to you, then, what I have no doubt about at
all : that were you now a member of the Church of Rome, that
were you in her most secret and heavenly abodes, I mean in
the quiet of a monaster}^ you would certainly have, with your
particular character of mind, much of the trial, nay as much
of it, as you have now. You have not yet subdued your
feelings, or your will to the "Will of God ; you think of
yourself more than of Him. You do not enough consider
that you are a creature of His, and thus while on the one
hand under His care, on the other at His disposal. Here is
hope and fear at once — here is an awful thought. You are
under His mighty hand : humble yourself under it. You are
His creature : rejoice that He has hold of you, submit when
He fixes you.

Were you in a monastic retreat j'ou would be full of a tide
of feelings and thought, of which you could not dispossess
yourself — and you would be doubly miserable, because you
could lay nothing to the charge of circumstances. Y^ou
would reproach yourself for what you then would see arose
simply from what you were yourself in yourself.

Let this be your simple and engrossing prayer : to know
God's Will and to do it. Who are you to covet with James and
John the right and left of your Lord's throne ? Know your
place. Be humbled, be content to pick up the crumbs even,
under the King's table. What are we that we should sav



1841 Lctlcrs and Correspondence 349

■we ^Yill not bo content unless He seats us with His nol)les
and feasts us with his best ? Be the En<i;Hsh Church what
you fear it is, yet surely it is fjood enou^di for you, surelv it
has excellences and graces, it has sahits, it has gifts, it lias
lessons, which are above you and me.

Supposing you had your wish at this minute, and joined
a Church which I amforargiiiitefit's sahc granting to vou as
the True Spouse of Christ, you would, as I have suggested
above, ihid only disappointment. You are not in a state to
enjoy gifts Yvhich assuredly would be above you. Did not
Cornelius fast and pray and do alms, and was he not thus led
on into the Truth '? He was in God's hands when a heathen.
May not you be, ii you follow his course '?

Neither you nor I, nor any of us, know what God is now
doing and what is His pleasure. He is, to say it reverently,
furthering some plan or other. His Spirit is abroad. Shall
we presumptuously cross His path, or shall we like well-
disciplined soldiers, keep our post, and watch for the signals.

I will never say such a thing as that the Church of Rome
is apostate ; but still I am sure you have seen but the fair side
of that Church as yet. Join it, and you will see our Saviour's
prophecy fulfilled there as with us, that she is a net cast into
the sea and gathering of every kind.

. . . You are framing in idea a religion all of joy. Xo, a
sinner's religion must have gloom and sorrow. Even in speak-
ing of Rome you dwell upon the more beautiful and glorious
views it sets before you : you forget what a true Church nmst
have — its abasing, its chill, its severe doctriius.

The following letter is from a colUction of Mr. luble's
letters to Mr. Newman, presented by Cardinal Newman to
Keble College:

lli:v. .J. Ki:i!LE TO Rev. J. II. Xi:v..m\n.

Ilnrslri/ : Jul if ly, 1S41.

I feel that I am dealing rather unkindly in not having
"written to you sooner about my new cares, of which probably
you have heard ere now ; but I will only tell you in general



350 John Ilcnry Newman I84l

that our Bishop has refused Young priest's orders, because
he did not satisfy liim about the doctrine of the Eucharist.
There were other points on which he said he should demur,
l)ut this was the One he especially took his stand on. I have
written a letter to Pusey with a number of particulars, and
desired him to forward it to you ; so I will only add that since
I wrote to Pusey both Young and I have heard from the
Bishop, and that he quite discourages me in any notion of
conferring on the matter with me, and directs Young to read
the 67th chapter of Hooker's 5th Book, and also some portion
of ' Hey's Lectures,' after which he says he shall be ready at
a fitting time to confer with him ; but intimates, I think,
l^retty clearly, that unless he changes his view, or, as he calls
it, gets ' clear views ' on the matter, he cannot ordain him.
Young had written for his papers, Juirinr/ had express iicrmission
from the Bishop so to do. However, the papers are not returned,
but Young is told that they will be sent some time or other to
Jacob, who will show them to Young and explain what is
objected to. . . . It was plain from the moment Y'oung went
into the room that a dead set was to be made at him. Ques-
tions were put to him which were not put to others, the first
being, ' What is your mode of interpreting the Thirty-nine
Articles ? ' This was on Thursday, and on Frida}' evening
Y^oung made his appearance here. I Avish I may be wrong,
but I am much afraid that this is the beginning of a system.

The next letter is evidently not the first communication
between Mr. Newman and Mr. Keble on this subject, but in
September Mr. Newman writes :

PiEv. J. H. Newman to Eev. -T. Keele.

September 14, 184 1,

I cannot help hoping that things are better with you than
you anticipate. This story has come to Oxford : Piidley
advised his father-in-law the Bishop not to send back Young's
papers to you, for he said, ' "When Keble sees how very mild
his statements are, he will give up his living.' The Bishop



1841 Letters and Correspondence



OD



was much struck and astonislied, and said, ' Then I shall not
send them back.'

Agam {(intrc mma) from what we hear — tliough of course wc
must expect heterogeneous proceedings — it is not at all certain
that Sir E. Peel will not be taking men called Puseyites, as
thinking them more suited for certain places.

On the whole, as things have before now been at the worst
as regards the Clergy, so they are now as regards the Bishops,
and they will improve I think. Pecollect the Clergy left off
their wigs before the Bishops did. All in good time.

PiKV. J. H. Xewman to PiEv. Pi. AV. Ciil-rcii.

September 12, 1841.

You will be glad to hear that "Ward has had a long talk with
Pusey, and, as he says, enlightened him vastly on ni}^ opinions.
I say ' glad,' because nothing is so bad as a state of twilight ;
but, at the same time, knowing how very prone Pusey is to
catch up his friend's notions (in kindness), 'it sometimes makes
me feel very uncomfortable that he should not know what I
think on many points which otliers have learned in great
measure by pumping me.

On this sul)ject of not telling Pusey things, I have before
now had a talk with Piogers, who felt the difticulty of knowing
what is best to do, as fully as myself. But various other
causes have brought it about, if Pusey has been as ignorant as
Ward declares. A man one constantly sees, one fancies to
know things which he does not know, whereas Pusey has not
seen me in seasons of free conversation, so that he has not
the opportunities which others have. And then, though it
may seem absurd to say, looking on Pusey as being in loco
.HHjierions, I have not replied or criticised what he said in the
way I should others. And then he never reads anything. I
found to my surprise that he had not seen Dr. Elrington's
letter, ^Iv. Secley's letter to the ]3ishop of Oxford or tlie letter
in the ' B.M.' All of which distinctlv draw out the difference
between him and me. Then again he has been unwilling to see
it ; when 1 have mentioned dilferences, he has either explained



352 .h'*^'^^ Jlcnry Newmaii isii

them away or seemed annoyed at the notion. Such was the
case, c.r/., ahout the Cranmer Memorial, which I pressed him to
join without me.

I think he is beginning, however, to understand what is
trite — that we differ historically and not doctrinally ; but, though
it is a relief to him, yet I do fear that his historical view of
the Eeformation is his great bulwark against Eome, which is
not a comfortable thought.

Eev. J. H. Newman to Rev. J. Keble.

Octulicr 5, 1 84 1.

I enclose what will be no consolation to you, but think you
ought to see it. It really does seem to me as if the Bishops
were doing their best to uncatholicise us, and whether they
will succeed before a rescue comes who can say ? The Bishop
of Jerusalem is to be consecrated forthwith, perhaps in a few
days. M. Bunsen is at the bottom of the whole business, who,
I think I am right in saying, considers the Nicene Council the
first step in the corruption of the Church.

PiEV. J. H. Newman to Mes. J. Mozley.

Octoher 12, 1841.

I am overrun with letter-writing. As to the 6th volume
[of Par. Sermons], I left it to Pdvington, who said that the 5th
volume had sold better than any, and so advised it. I am
anxious about it ; it will be the most doctrinal set I have
published, and that on the subject of the Eucharist. I should
be sorry to get my sermons into the disfavour which attends
some of my writings ; but I must take my chance.

Have you heard of this atrocious Jerusalem Bishoi>
affair ? He was consecrated last Sunday. The Archbishop is
doing all he can to unchurch us.

Eev. J. H. Newman to J. W. Bowden, Esq.

Oriel: Octoher 10, 1841.

Have you heard of this fearful business of the Bishop
of Jerusalem ? I will send you some papers about it



1841 Letters and Correspondenec 353

«oon. It seems we are /// ihe. naif to fraternise \vitli Protes-
tants of all sorts — Monopliysites, half-converted Jews and
even Druses. If any such event should take place, I shall not 1»<-
able to keep a single man from Eome. Tlu-y will )»«! all
troophig oft" sooner or later.

Before receiving the ahove letter Mr. Bowden seems to
have written strongly on the same subject.



PiKv. J. 11. Xewman to J. "\V. BOV.DKN, Est).

Ovid: ()ct<)l>er 12, 1841.

So far from thinking lightly of the Jerusalem matter. I
said something very strong about it in my ' Private Judgment '
urticle, before most people suspected what was going on. It
is hideous ; but still I do not think the ground you take is one
Avhich is maintainable.

The facts that strike nw are tlu- following : ' V\v have not,'
ays Mr. Forniby last week to me (who is just returned from
Jerusalem) ' a single Anglican there : so that we are sending a
lUshop to make a communion, not to govern our own people.'
Xext, the excuse is that there are converted Anglican Jews
there who require a Bishop. Mr. Formby tells me he does
]iot think there are half-a-dozen. But for them the Bishop is
sent out, and for them he is a Bishop of the cinnnK isiaii
against the Epistle to the Galatians pretty nearly. Thirdly,
/or the sake of Prussia, he is to take under him all the foreign
Protestants who will come ; and the political advantages will
))C so great from the intluence of England that there is no
doubt they icill come. They are to sign the Confession of
Augsburg, and there is nothing 10 show that they hold the
doctrine of Jxiptismal Picgeneration. Next, the Socinian-
Mahomedan Druses have asked for an English Bishop, and it
is supposed Bishop Alexander will develop in that direction.
Jjastly there is a notion of coalescing with the Monopliysites.

The ]5ishop, who has no Church principles, is not to be
made under tlie jurisdiction of the En(jUsh Jiishops, and thus
you have an Episcopate set up to gather, literally, Jews,

voj>. II. A \



354 John Henry N'czvman 1841

Turks \i.i\ Druses], infidels and heretics from all quarters
\j.c. without conversion]. And why ? Because, liussia being
represented by the Greeks, and France by the Latins, it is
very desirable that England should have a Cliurch there as a
means of political influence, a rcsulcnt power in the country.

I did not speak of Oxford friends in what I said, nor of
anything immediate ; but the case is this : Many persons are
doubtful whether we have the Xotes of the true Church upon
us ; every act of the Church, such as this of coalescing with
heretics, iccakcns the proof. And in some cases it may be the
last straw that breaks the horse's Ijack.

As to myself, I shall do nothing whatever, probably, unless,
indeed, it were to give my signature to a protest (Pusej' haa
protested to the Bishop of London, and I have been writing
to friends) ; but I think it would be out of place in me to
agitate, having been in a way silenced. But the Archbishop
is really doing most grave work, of which we cannot see the
end.

Eev. .J. H. Xew:.lvn to Be v. J. Xedle.

Ortoher 21, 1 84 1.

Woodgate writes me important news this morning. The
Yice- Chancellor talks of putting the Poetry Election on the
same day as the Straker Living Election, or the day after.
This will s2conqi \Yilliams for certain. He might as well not
stand ; all the country parsons Mill be against him.



PiEv. J. H. Xewmax to PiEv. J. Kerle.

Ortohei' 24, 1 841.

I suspect it is something which Pusey scribbled in a note
to Jelf, and Jelf sent bodily to the Bishop of London, which is
the ' light thing.' Perhaps it may be a letter of mine to Mill.
It was not light. The truth is they cannot ])ear the jilai)/
irulli to be spoken to them. For myself, I am too anxious for
others, nay for myself, to sa}^ anything light about going to
Bomo. Our Church seems fast Protestraitising itself, and



1841 Letters and Correspondence 355

t]iis I think it right to say everywhere (not using the word
* Protestant 'j, but not hghtly. . , .



J, P. Hope, Esq., to Eev. J. 11. Newman.

Lincoln s Inn : October 15, 1841.

I do not disguise that I am anxious to know how far the
recent proceedings of some of the Bishops are tending to
dispose our friends towards Rome, or towards retiring from
the office of the Clergy in our Church. I do not undervahie
the inliuence of these proceedings as far as my own feehngs
are concerned ; but my circumstances and employments render
me unwihing to judge hastil}' upon the course that Cathohcs
should follow — at least, if such modes of dealing with the
(jucstion by the authorities of the Church should be much
further pursued. I hope, therefore, that you will not think
me impertinent if I ask as much information as you think
will be good for me — of course understandhig that I ask for
viyHclf only — and that as regards myself I am (]:)erhaps from
my ignorance) disposed to judge peremptorily of the difficulties
in which we are being involved.

To this question Mr. Newman replies at once :

PtEV. J. 11. Newman to -T. P. Hope, Esq.

Oriel: Octohrr 17, 1841.

T assure you I never wish to conceal any of my own
thoughts from any one who asks them — so far, that is, as I can
analyse them and convey to another a correct impression of



Online LibraryJohn Henry NewmanLetters and correspondence of John Henry Newman during his life in the English church, with a brief autobiography ; (Volume 2) → online text (page 29 of 47)