John Henry Newman.

Letters and correspondence of John Henry Newman during his life in the English church, with a brief autobiography ; (Volume 2) online

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ecclesiastical as well as the worldly world. A strange thought



1834 Letters and Correspondence 75

came across me about you some six weeks ago, when I saw a
letter from Tucker of C. C. C, giving an account of his
prospects in India. He is not at all an imaginative or
enthusiastic man ; but really a religious spirit has sprung up
among military men at our stations ; and having no angel
to direct them to Joppa, they have turned Evangelicals.
The various sects there have a leaning towards the Church,
and the men of colour are forming centres of operation. My
thought was, if your liealth would not let you come home,
you ought to be a bishop in India. It quite amused me for
a while, and made me think how mamj posts there are in llh
Kingdom, how manij offices, Who says to one. Do this, and he
doeth it, &c. It is quite impossible that, some way or other,
you are not destined to be the instrument of God's purposes.
Though I saw the earth cleave, and you fall in, or Heaven
open and a chariot appear, I should say just the same. God
has ten thousand posts of service. You might be of use in
the central elemental fire ; you might be of use in the depths
of the sea.*

The tracts now form a thick volume. We have put a
title-page and preface to them, and called them ' Tracts for
1833-4.' I think you will like them as a whole. You go too
fast yourself. Williams has been so unwell, we were going to
send him out to you, but he has lately mended. I have just

' In vol. ii. of the Varochial Sermons there is a passsage which throws
light on this ardent, confident strain, prompted as it evidently is by the failure
of hope in his friend's recovery for service in this present scene :

' Moreover, this departure of Christ, and coming of the Holy Ghost, leads
our minds with great comfort to the thought of many lower dispensations of
Providence towards us. . . . This is a thought which is particularly soothing as
regards the loss of friends, or of especially gifted men who seem in tlicir
day the earthly support of the Church. . . . Doubtless " it is expedient " they
should be taken away ; otherwise some great mercy will not come to us. They
are taken away perchance to other duties in God's service, eiinally ministrative
to the salvation of the elect as earthly service. Christ went to intercede with
the Father ; we do not know, we may not boldly speculate ; yet it may be tliat
tiaints departed intercede, unknown to us, for the victory of the Truth upon
earth . . . they are taken away for some purpose surely ; their gifts are not
lost to us ; their soaring minds, the tire of their contemplations, the sanctity of
their desires, the vigour of tlicir faith, the sweetness and gentleness of their
alTections, were not given without an object.' — ' Ascension Day,' p. 214.



76 I ohn Henry Nc^oiiiau 1834

engaged with liivington to pul^lish another volume of sermons.
The first volume was nearly sold off in the course of nine
months — i,ooo copies.

I have not dared all along to indulge the hope that I
should be favoured with having you here again ; but now
really the prospect seems clearing. I do not like to say so
lest I break a spell. Kogers's eyes are little or not at all
better. Gladstone is turning out a fine fellow. Harrison has
made him confess that the doctrine of the Apostolical
Succession is irresistible.

Eev. E. B. Pusey, D.D., to Eev. J. H. Newman.

XorciiiJicr 17, 1834.

We have now, I suppose, peace for a time, which is a
great blessing. I conclude, namely, although I have heard
nothing from authority, that the idea of substituting a Declara-
tion is at an end. The Queries [they were Pusnfs], especially
one of 3'ours, seem to have done the work. Keble, I suppose,
will not want any copies now.

[N.B. — To avoid confusion ' Declaration ' in these letters
means sometimes (i) the Lay Declaration of January 1834,
following up the Address to the Archbishop ; (2) as here, the
Declaration proposed as a substitution for Subscription of the
Articles, in the case of Undergraduates at Matriculation ;
(3) the Declaration of Parents or Guardians against the
admission of Dissenters in the spring of 1834; (4) the De-
claration of Adherence and Concurrence in spring of 1834.]

Eev. Pi. H. Froude to Eev. J. H. Newman.

Xovonher 23, 1834.

Do you know I am hungry to hear about you, and whether
your health stands in the midst of j'our occupations. My
father tells me 3'our sermons are talked of in all directions.
I have not seen the two last Nos. of the ' British Magazme,'
which is a sort of letter from you, (inoad * Lyra,' and ' Letters
on the Church of the Fathers.'



1801 Letters and Correspondence



/ /



I really believe that an external inflammation which I
have been keeping up for some time on my chest touches the
internal disorder. ... I have entirely left ofif meat ; my
dinner is toast and a basin of very weak chicken broth.
Breakfast is my chief meal, and consists of a vast joram of
milk and arrowroot. It is an odd thing, milk never used to
agree with me, but I iind that by putting a good lot of cinna-
mon into it I can digest any quantity. I find I must not take
exercise so as to put me out of breath, as that increases my
cough ; yet the more I take the stronger I get ; so that I am
in a dilemma, which I shall cut by borrowing one of the
Bishop's horses instead of walking.

I am perforce as idle as possible ; m}' chief occupation
being to keep thoughts out of my head. In this respect I
find my friend Sanctus Thomas of infinite use. Dawdling
over translations, and picking facts out of allusions, just keep
one going for the time, without supplying any materials to
brood over.

If you see Keble, congratulate him on the Yank edition of
the ' Christian Year,' which has gone on Oakeley's plan of
putting the fine passages in italics. It is amusing to see the
selection which he [the Yankee editor] has made.

Bev. J. II. Newman to Dr. Hampden, PniNCirAL of
St. Mary Hall.

[This letter was the beginning of hostilities in the Univer-
sity.]

Xovemhcr 28, 1834.

The kindness which has led to your presenting me with
your painplil(>t encourages me to hope that you will forgive
me, if I take the opportunity it aftbrds to express to you my
very sincere and deep regret that it has been published.

Such an opportunity I could not let slip without being un-
faithful to my own serious thoughts on th(> subject.

While I respect the tone of piety in wliirli the pamphlet is
written. I feel an aversion to the princi})les it professes, as
(in my opinion) legitimately tending to formal Sochiianism.



78 John He my Newman 1834

And also I lament that, by its appearance, the first step
has been taken towards an interruption of that peace and
mutual good understanding which has prevailed so long in
this place ; and which, if ever seriously disturbed, will be
succeeded by dissensions the more intractable, because justi-
fied in the minds of those who resist innovations, by a feeling
of imperative duty.

[The pamphlet was Hampden's application of his Bampton
Lectures to the question of Subscription in Oxford.]

Eev. J. H. Newman to J. W. Bowden, Esq.

December i, 1834.

The Duke did not advise us to alter the Matriculation
Statute, I really believe. He said a Commission was coming
down, advised us to set our houses in order, and among other
things asked whether a stiff Declaration would not do instead
of Subscription, since our ' Parliamentary friends ' were
puzzled at our present state. Under colour of this the
Hampden party pushed forward for a change. "We have
defeated them for the present by a strong protest ; but I
doubt not they will be meddling and fidgeting again.

Eev. C. p. Golightly to Piev. J. H. New^man.

Godalming : December t,, 1834.

I am rejoiced to hear that Pusey is restored again to
health and usefulness. I cannot tell you what an influence
Pusey's writings and character have had upon me. So many
interesting pursuits open upon me that it requires constant
self-denial to keep myself in anything like a regular line of
reading.

The subject of the following letter is of so private and
personal a nature, that the only reason for inserting it here is
that one passage in it throws a light on Mr. Newman's habits
of devotion, shown in the habitual remembrance in his private



1834 Letters and Correspondence 79

prayers of his friends, and tliose in any way concerned with
his daily round of duty and intercourse :

Eev. J. II. XEw:\rAN to J. "\V. Bowden, Esq.

Dcccinhfr ]/, 1834.

Somehow I was taken hy surprise hy your letter this
morning. Thank you for your account, which is very con-
soling ; and that not merely for the time. Such seasons
remain, and expand upon the memory, and are afterwards
quite fragrant, a foretaste of what shall he. It has been my
privilege to think in prayer of your now happy sister,
morning and evening, up to this day. What a blessed thing
it is to hare died, if prepared ! Who knows what is in store
for him in that last cup !

PiEv. J. Keble to PiEV, J. H. Newman.

About CJirisfmas, 1S34.

I would not have had these two sermons left out for more
shillings than I can well spare [Nos. 372, 373. They are
Easter Monday and Tuesday, in vol. ii. ' Parochial Sermons.']
The view is most true and seasonable, I think ; perhaps it will
want a little more devdopimi, which you can give it in subse-
quent sermons at your leisure. Of course you must not mind
being attacked. I trust you will not over-exert 3'ourself in
any way.

[N.B. The following are some of Keblc's remarks or
emendations on particular passages :

No. 372. — ' Barren orthodoxy ; technical subtlety, and the
like.' See a letter of Hannah Morc's to H. Walpole, in which
she speaks with hitter contempt ; thus, ' Constantinopolitan '
metaphysics, or some such expression.

No. 373. — ' How does the authority of the Psalms stand
with their opinions, except at best by a forced figurative in-
terpretation ? ' There was a lady here who once fairly said to
me, ' Don't you think it would be better to have something



So fohn Ilcnry Neivinan IS-U

move fij)! lit iKil than the Psalms? ' Conceniing the Sermon on
the Mount, see Bickersteth's ' Scripture Help,' one of the most
popular of these tracts. ' Moreover as to rehf^ious journals : '
about religious journals, is not Bishop Wilson's the best mean,
who, instead of exactly recording his thoughts, wrote down
prayers or texts, having more or less reference to them ;
thus keeping a sort of journal in c_ypher ? and by the very act
of devising the cypher a little withdrawing the mind from
itself. Something in the nature of a journal is a kind of
medicine to many persons.]

PiEV. J. Keble to PiEv. J. H. Newman.

December, 1834.

A comfortable Christmas to you, dear Newman, and much
success in all your good undertakings ; in which I wish I
■could be more a j)f"'s major than I am ; but then you see,
I am I, and you are 3'ou.

Well, but as to Perceval's paper. I am rather in the mind
that he should send it to the ' British Magazine ' ... as to the
Sermon, it is clear, true, and edifying ; but query, is it enough
out of the common to warrant publication ? I presume the
passage for the sake of which he thinks of printing it is the
statement about Melchizedek. . . I cannot find it either ex-
pressed or necessarily implied in Scripture, that Melchizedek
had long before performed the self-same service, &c., and from
the little I have as yet read, I am not able to satisfy myself that
such was the tradition of the Church.

My difference with the Archdeacon [Froude] was not very
serious. I thought, and still think, that private representations
to the Bishops are better than public ones.

PvEV. Pi. H. Froude to Piev. J. H. Newman.

December 26, 1834.

You seem disappointed at not hearing from me. If I were
malicious, I ought to be glad ; for I am sure I have been dis-



183.J Letters and Correspondence 8i

appointed enougli at having packet after packet arrive for a
•whole year without tidings of you or Keble. The last packet
was the one corresponding to that I came out in.

My father's letter was a dismal one altogether. He tells
me, Isaac is far from well, and Sir G. and Lady Prevost obliged
to leave England. Also that my poor sister P. has just sailed
for Madeira to escape the winter for fear of an affection just like
mine. . . Also that Mr. Keble [J. K.'s father] is supposed
to be on his death-bed. About you personally I hear nothing.

As for myself, it really seems as if I were going to
have respite. Every one says, and I cannot help observing,
that my looks are greatly altered for the better . . . ])ut the
pertinacity of m}- trifling ailment has sometimes seemed to
me like a warning that fate has put its hand on me for the
next world.

I Ihid the less I do the better I am, and so on principle
resist doing a good deal that I am tempted to. One of
the Bishop's horses has contributed much to my recovery,
as well as amusement. To my great satisfaction I have found
that just beyond the range of my longer walks there is a
range of real fine scenery that I had not a dream of.

Oupsd rs aKLuivra OdXaaad t£ y^ijsaaa.

I start sometimes between three and four, and come back
between six and seven, in which interval the thermometer
averages between 78 and 76, and there is generally a roaring
wind from the sea.

Ekv. B. Harrison to PiEV. J. II. Newman.

Januarji 3, 1835.

Here is the Abbe ' again at his former tricks. I have
written tohimat once telling liim that it would never do to take
your letter piecemeal ; and l)egging him to insert your letters
as a whole, in numbers as closely consecutive as possible, and

' IjC Protestant isjiic aii.r piiscs avcc la doctrine Catliolujuc : currespondancc
ctvec deux ininiatrcs anglais. Par I'Abbu Jaj^ur. I'liriB, iSj6. Vide .li'vLxjio,
\K 64, ed. 1883.

VOL. II. a



82 John Henry Neiv7nan 1835

then ftivo us his reply as a whole. I have argued fairly out
with him tlie endless confusion into which the controversy
will be brought, if we are to have half a dozen answers
awaiting a reply, while there is one long letter lying by him
which is to be taken bit by bit, to the utter ruin of its meaning
as a complete argument. I hope this may produce some
effect ; if not, I shall be sorry for my friend and ashamed of
the ' Univers's' tactics. . . .



PiEv. R. H. Froude to PiEv. J. H. Newman.

January 1835.

... I am sorry to hear such poor accounts of you and
Isaac. Keble says you are overworked. So does Christie ;
yet I would not have you leave any of it except the Dean-
ship.

On one or two points I am inclined to grumble at you.
You seem to be finessing too deep. Why publish poor Bishop
Cosin's ' Tract on Transubstantiation ' ? [N.B. — Froude would
not believe that I was in earnest, as I icas, in shrinking from
the views which he boldly followed out. I was against
Transubstantiation. — J. H. N.] Surely no member of the
Church of England is in any danger of overrating the
miracle of the Eucharist. . . .

I have also to grumble at you for letting Pusey call the
Eeformers ' the founders of our Church,' in that excellent and
much to be studied paper on Fasting. . . .

So much for fault-finding; with this fault, I think the
tracts otherwise as good as could be ; and some of them
(inconsistently enough) are quite as strong the other way ;
for example : ' Eites and Customs of the Church,' the hit
at the end of which could only have emanated from one pen.
The same with an unsigned letter in the ' British Magazme '
on the term Catholic. ' Centralisation,' too, is capital : the
simile of the ' hero of romance ' is equivalent to a signature.

I am amused to see among your sermons the Naples one
and the Partington one. I can see the train of thought that
suggested the latter — aWa kuI ijf^lv fxopatfxov ijv to bear wit-



18:55 Letters and Corycspondcncc 8



J



ness to the same truth. [N.B. — It is the sermon ' on the Pool of
Bethesda. When I was down at Dartington fur the first time
in July 183 1, 1 saw a number of young girls collected together,
hlooming, and in high spirits, ' and all went merry as a
marriage -bell.' And I sadly thought what changes were in
store ; what hard trial and discipline was inevitaljle. I cannot
trace their history, but Phyllis and ]\Iary Froudc married,
and died quickly. Hurrell died. One, if not two, of the
young Champernownes died. My sermon was dictated by the
sight and the foreboding. At that very visit Hurrell caught
and had his influenza upon him, which led him by slow steps
to the grave. He caught it sleeping, as I did, on deck, going
down the Channel from Southampton to Torbay. Influenza
Avas about, the forerunner of the cholera. It went through
the parsonage at Dartington. Every mornhig the sharp
merry party, who somewhat quizzed me, had hopes it would
seize upon me. But I escaped, and sang my warning from
the pulpit. Observe how the letter goes on.— J. H. N.] Since
then 1 have never been well, and then came my poor sister's
business, who, by-the-bye, is now at Madeira.

[N.B. — Twice in my life have I, whenAvorn with work, gonft
to a friend's house to recruit. The first time was the abova,
in 1831 ; the second in 1852-3, to Abbotsford. I there,
n 2)ro2)()S of nothing, and with such little consideration that I
um aghast how I could have done it, urged on Hope Scott
that the families of literary men did not last. It is to me
incomproliensible how I could have been so gaucJie, or what I
was thinking of. Since then the owner, young Scott Lockhart,
is dead, Mrs. Hope Scott, her infant son and a daughter. And
the Duke of Norfolk (who, with his family, was in the house)
is at this minute hanging between life and death ; -' so I am a
bird of ill omen.]

In your ' Arians ' I think you do not account satisfactorily
for [N.B. i.e. the existence of — J. H. N.] the Eusebian part}'.
To my mind you are especially strong in the chapter on the
Variation of Ante-Nicene Statements.

' ' Scripture a llecord of Human Sorrow,' I'arocliial Soiiwns, vol. i.
^ That is at the time this retrospect was written.



84 lohn Henry Neiunian 1835

^Vlie\Ycirs book [N.B. "Which ?] is very well done, certainly ;
but every new step in science will, in all probability, weaken
his argument, which would have been still stronger than it
now is before the discovery of Newton's Law.



PiEV. Isaac Williams to Eev. J. H. Xewmax.

Januarij 16, 1835.

Copeland has written to me about the curacy of St. Mary-
Magdalen being offered to him, which it seems to me very
desirable that he should take. The only circumstance which
seems to render it questionable is your having offered him St.
Marj^'s, but I should think his place would be much more
easily supplied at the latter, and I consider it quite a favour
on your part your offering it to him. [This, I suppose, bears
on the offer of the curacy to H. Wilberforce in 1834.
Williams was retiring from it, from ill health, and going to
Eome with Froude. Copeland had the first offer. It accounts
for my hesitation to H. W. and my ultimate drawing back
when, I suppose, Williams got better. — J. H. N.]

The sermon criticised in the following letter is that en-
titled ' Christian Zeal ' (' Parochial Sermons,' vol. ii. St.
Simon's and St. Jude's day). The sentence Mr. Keble ques-
tions is the following (p. 388) •}

The Jewish Law, being a visible system sanctioned by tem-
poral rewards and punishments, necessarily involved the duty
of a political temper on the part of those who were under it.
They were bound to aim at securmg the triumph of religion
here, realising its promises, enjoj'ing its successes, enforcing
its precepts with the sword. This, I say, was their duty, and,
as fulfilling it, among other reasons, David is called * a man
after God's own heart.' But the Gospel teaches us to walk
by faith, not by sight, and faith teaches us so to be zealous
as still to forbear anticipating the next world, but to wait til
the Judge shall come.

' The references given are to ParGcldal and Plain Sermons



1835 Lcltcrs and Correspondence 85

The words ' among other reasons ' were prol)ab]3' inserted
in deference to Keble's criticism. The poem in the ' Lyra '
is probably that entitled * David and Jonathan ' (p. 20) :

He doom'd to die, thou on us to impress
The portent of a blood-stained holiness.

PiEv. J. Keble to PiEV. .T. H. Newman.

January 1835.

I hope I put yoii to no inconvenience by keeping this
sermon half a week. 1 have now read it twice over, and say,
print it by all means. [No. 370, vol. ii. Sermon 31. — J. H. N.]
It is very likely, I should think, to do good. The only marks
I have made on it are these : ( i ) Are you not a little hard on
David ? I thought so in the ' Lyra,' whoever wrote that about
him ; and is the expression ' after God's own heart ' rightly
limited to one point ? See something in Isaac Walton's ' Com-
plete Angler,' who rather refers it to his thankfulness. (2)
Would not Nehemiah be a good additional instance ? . . . .
Wliere you say ' direct [positive] unbelief is not so bad as luke-
warmness ' [see p. Z^^\ had it not better be ^positive irrotij
belief,' or something equivalent ? Lukewarmness, I suppose, iii
one sense is a sign of unl)elief.'

I am glad 3'ou think the notion of the Saints' Day lectures
•will do. I very much wish we had begun with the Prayer
Book year — that is, with St. Andrew — and I strongly urge
having them prospective ; for the ' Ember Weeks ' coming out
before the time gave great satisfaction to several. I shall
endeavour to get something ready forthwith, either for Can-
dlemas or St. Matthias, and send it up by the 20th to you, if
I can.

P.S. From something in one of your notes I fear you are
in London yourself for advice ; pray send me one line at your
leisure.

' Tlie sermon as printed lias ' positive misbelief is a less odious state of
mind than the temper of those who are indifferent to religion, who say that one
opinion is as good as the other, and contemn or ridicule those who are ia
earnest.'



86 JoJin r/cnjy Ncivnian 1835

liKv, Dr. Pusey to Hev. J. H. Newiman.

Do you think wo should coiilhie ourselves to this single
subject of Suffragan Bishops ? or that we should address the
Bishop, not the Archbishop ; or could you ascertain sufficiently
for your purpose that entering upon the other subjects would
not embarrass him, or would you like any one else to writ&
this part and only not write it yourself, as I had rather not
write about tithes, because I do not feel an immediate interest
about them ?

Eev. J. H. Newman to Eev. E. H. Froude.'

Jjondon : Janiiarji 18, 1835.

I have seen a good deal of Eose the last ten days. The
Church might gain from the ministers at this moment any-
thing she chose ; yet I dread the Archbishop. Eose and I
settled that Suffragan Bishops were highly desirable, and he
said he thought they might be obtained by mere asking. Also-
we excogitated the use of a judicial power in the Church. As-
to the Pncmunire question, on which Perceval is vehement and
Keble excited, I persist in saying what I said a year and a
half since — it is not the time. Such articles as yours and
Perceval's are useful as keeping up a protest and as gradually
enlightening people, but they do not tend immediately to-
practice.

Our mare's nest [i.e. project] was as follows : The abandon-
ment of State prosecutions for blasphemy, &:c. . . . and the
disordered state of the Christian Knowledge Society, where
books are taken cognisance of and condemned, render it
desirable that there should be some really working Court of
heresy and false doctrine. Again, such a Court would stop
the mouths of those who wish for the revival of Convocation
(at least very much), for this would be one part of its [Convo-
cation's] office. Further, it was for this very work (the con-
demning books) that Convocation was stopped ; so that it will
virtually be a return to what then was. The chief advantage of

' Written durinK his visit to Mr. Bowden in town.



18.35 Letters and Correspondence %>]

this would be its practical curb upon the exercise of the Kind's
power ; for, if a Maltby were appointed, nay before his appoint-
ment, his works would be censured by this Court, and the
Archbishop strengthened to refuse to consecrate. The whole
Church would be kept in order. Further, it would give rise to
a school of theology, the science of divinity, councils, ko.. ; the
theological law of the Church must be revived and ecclesi-
astical law, moreover. The effect of this upon the divinity of



Online LibraryJohn Henry NewmanLetters and correspondence of John Henry Newman during his life in the English church, with a brief autobiography ; (Volume 2) → online text (page 7 of 47)