John Henry Newman.

Selections from the prose writings of John Henry, cardinal Newman; for the use of schools online

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1. 1

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Nan Scotoi at, e m Liber non plicet ule.

RtLATiown A. Blaik, 4Io. p. 8.
" He u no Sootnum who u not pkued with thit Book."



I^ONDON. ^ •


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Printed by John Brewrter,

11 Society.

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The Articles printed in Italia are Original,

Introduction to this Volume^ ^ • Page vii.

I. Hay's Vindication of Elisabeth More (Qaeen of
Robert II.) and her Children. Edinburgh^

Original Title and Dedication, - i. to riii.

Vindication, - - - 1 to 1S2

Appendix of Ancient Charters, He, - 1 38 to 159
II. Gordons Dissertation concerning the Marriage
of Robert 11. with Elizabeth More. Edin-
burgh^ \ 759. Translated expressly for this
Work. - - - - 161 to 224

III. WaddeFs Remarks on Innes' Critical Essay on

the Ancient Inhabitants of Scotland. Edin-
burgh, 1738. - . . - 225 to 256
Addenda to WaddeVs Retnarks, - 256

IV. Cunningham's Essay upon the Inscription on

Macduff's Crosse in Fyfe. Edinburgh, 1678.

Title to Original Edition, - 257

Bibliographical Notice, - 258

Essay, - - - - 259 to 280

V. Memoirs relating to the Ilestoration of King

James I. of Scotland. London, 1716. 281 to 804

VI. Taitt's Roman Account of Britain and Ireland, .

in Answer to Father Innes, &c Edinburgh,


Original Title, - - - - ' 305

The Author to the Reader, - 306

Bibliographical Notice, - - ib.

Roman Account, &c. - - 307 to 326

• The d«t« annexed ihow the Time the Works in thin CoUei-tion were first

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VII. Lord Ruthen's Relation' of the Death of David

Rizzi. 1699.
Bibliographical Notice, - - Page 327

Relation, &c. - - - 328 to 360

VIII. Johnston's Historie of Scotland during the

Minority of Kbg lames VI. translated by

Thomas Middleton. London, 1646.
Bibliographical and Critical Notices, 362

The Translator to the Reader, - 363

The Author to the Reader, - 366

Owen's Epigram on Johnston, - 369

The Historie of Scotland, &c - 370 to 469

IX. A True Accompt of the Baptism of Prince

Henry Frederick, Son of King James VI.

Edinburgh, 1694.
Bibliographical Notice, with Copy of Pre-
face to Edition of 1703^ - 470
Title to the Edition of Edinburgh 1 687, 47 1
The Bookseller to the Reader, - 472
A True Accompt, &c - - 473 to 495

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INTRODUCTION— />«) Tempore.

Iff presenting this firtt Tolunw of Scotia RetUvwa to the Pabltc, tbe Publiiher
liw to ezpren his regret that it has been Aekyed conaideraUjr beyond the time he
first oontempkted ; md also that he has to attribute this delay in a great meanire
. to tbe want of that aasistanoe on the part of the friends of Seottiah literatore, on
which he caknlaled with the utmost confidence, from the candid avowal contained
in the Prospectus, which he circulated, to the best of his knowledge, amongst
those gentlemen whom he conceived to be most inclined to enooursge and promote
the complete exepution of so laudable an undertaking, which has hitherto remained
a desideraium in our national literature. But now that the first volume is before
them, he humbly trusts they will perceive tbe obvious necessity there is for
ssiishmce on their part, as it is only with such help that the publication can
proceed in the manner intended.

Ahhottgh this first volume has been brought out under every disadvantage,
nevertbdess it is presumed that it will be found to contain much that merited to
be cdllected and preserved. Tbe origiual matter is neither bo foil nor so complete as
the Publisher oouU wish, the taak of providing materials having wholly devolved
upon himself, as he in vain endeavoured to procure an Editor. This Introduc-
tion therefore is to be considered as merely temporary, because he trusts it will be
in his power to famish, along with the Second Volume, the most complete infiyr-
mation respecting the Work*, and their Authors, contained in each volume, as was
originally proposed.

The Publisher will now proceed to state every particular he has been able to
coDect relative to the Works contained in the present volume, and their Authors,
in addition to what he has inserted in the Bibliographical Notices ; and as he is
aware that the whole is very defiective, he earnestly solicits additional information
with regard to tiie contents of this volume, in order to enable him to form a pro-
per Introduction ; and he will also esteem it a fovour to receive advice respecting
what should be comprised in the second and succeeding volumes, one of which it is
intended shaD be published every six months, and not in parts, as the present
volume has been.

1. Hay's Vindication— ^Richard Hay was a Canon Regular of St. Genevieve
of Pkris, Prior of St. Pierremont, &c He published an Essay on the Origine
of the Royal Family of the Stewarts, 4to. Edm, 1782, (Reprinted, Edin.
1793), and referred to by him as his Answer to Matthew Kennedy, page
155 of this volume. The original sketch of this work may be found in a letter
to the Duke of Perth, and published with Kennedy's Reply thereto, in French,
ISmo. Parisj 1715. There is a copy of this rare little work in the Advocates*
Library ; his MS. Scotia Sacra, Memoirs, &e. are also there.

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fi. Gordon*! DiMertation— Of this Author we know notbing, except what is
mentioned in Chalmeri* Life of Ruddinun, and Andrew Stuart's History of the

5. Waddel's Reourks— We have already stated the extent of our information
respecting this writer in jtage 256. '

4. CDnaingham's EmMy^Page 259 contains all that has been acquired relative
to «hia antlior.

6« Menoin relating to King JanMs I.— -We have in Tain endeavoured to dis-
eovtr the attthor of this work, and shonM be glad to have the chaneter of it from
soBM gSDtleiMn boCttr able to discriminate its meritSy and point out the authorities
on wbkh it was written.

6. Tutt's Answer to Innet All we have hitherto learned respecting this will
be found in poge S06.

7. Lord Rtttben's Rehtion, Itc-^Conoeming this work we believe our iofor-
nation it toleraUy complete. In the a|^tndiz to Bishop Keith's History, page
119» there is a difrmit version of the work, which appears to be of little autho-
rity ; and of all the authors we have consulted, no one seems to have been aware
of the edition from which we have printed, if we except Mackensie ; and his
notice of it is so slight and indefinite^ that it is more than probable he had never
sren the book itself. In the complete Introduction which we hope to have it in our
power to give, we ahall point out the errors of Lord Orford, and his editor Park.
We have also consulted Robertson, DoughM, and his editor Mr. Wood, Laing,
Watt, 8cott*s Life of John Earl of Qowrie, Plante*s Catalogue of the Cottoniaa
MSS., Cant's Perth, and every other work in which we thought it likely infor-
mation was to be found.

8. Johnston's Historie-^Chalmcrs takes no notice of this anthor in his volu-
minous edition of the General Biographical Dictionary. In addition to what we
have stated, page 362, we may refer to Bower's History of the Univei^ity of Edin-
burgh, vol. 1, page 195.

9. A True Acoompt of Prince Henry's Baptism— We have nothing to add to
what is given in page 470, except that we should be gkd to receive some account
of the early editions, which we have not had it in our power to examine.

Should the present Work meet with due encouragement, it is the PuUtslicr's
intention to reprint the following scarce and valuable works, viz.

Hume's History of the House of Dougiss and Angus.

Sir James Dalrymple's Historical Collectiom.

Innes* Critical Essay on the Ancient Inhabitants of Scotland.

Monteith's llieater of Mortality* both Parts, with numerous additions, and
complete Index. And,

Beague's History of the Campagnes in Scotland, 1548 and 1649, translated by
Br. P. Abercromby.

48 George Street, 12M Afoy 1826.

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By RICHARD HAY, of Drumboote, C. R.

la the body of this Book, and the Appendix •ubjoincd, there are leveral ancient
and valuable CHARTiaa, which lerve to illustrate the Origin and Descent of
the moAt considerable Familics in Scotland.





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My Lord,

Our ancient historians, who were not fully acquainted
with King Robert II.'s affairs and concerns, havecharged,
with a great deal of confidence and boldness, Elizabeth
More with having been his concubine; and her son,
John Lord Kyle, one of the best Princes that ever sate
on the throne, with having been unlawfully be^tten.
Mr. Innes and some late writers have used their ut-
most endeavours to remove, by their pamphlets, those
black, heavy, and monstrous calumnies formerly thrown
upon them, but without success : for, in fixing the date
and time of the king's marriage with Elizabeth More,
as I have set down, all that they allege against Bu-
chanan and his confederates, neither removes those pre*
judices upon which the world have laid so long stress,
nor is of any moment to the purpose. MHiereupon Mr.
Sage, whom many admire and adore, hath laid down a
new scheme, which is inconsistent with the general couU'^
dl of Lateran, held in 1215, and the 65th canon of a
national council of our country, assembled at Holyrood
House in 1227- In which year. Pope Honorius III.
dying, Gregory IX. succeeded to the chair of St. Peter.

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In the one and the other, the private marriage is condemn-
ed, as null and unlawful ; and the child procreate, can-
stante occuUo et clandestino matritnonio, is declared
spurious. Upon which ground, Aleioaider Stuart,
Abbot of Scoon and Inchafiray, son to Alexander, Duke
of Albany, brother to King James IIL and Lady Ka-
tharine Saintclair, daughter to William, Earl of Orknay
and Cadiness, Lord High Chancellor, Chamberlain,
Admiral and Pannetier of Scotland ; was declared has*
tard, in a Parliament held at Edinburgh, the 19th of
November 1516, and secluded from the succession and
dignities of Duke Alexander, his fiither ; who had been
divorced from Orknay's daughter by John Otterburn,
official of Lothian, in March 1477> because die Duke
and Lftdy Katharine were in the forbidden degrees^
intra ffradus a jure prohibitoSy and had been joined
quietly and privately in marriage, sine trina denun*
ciaiiane, sctemniter in ecdesia praemissa^ ante con^
jumctianem ; without any proclamations or solemnities;
against the canons and decrees of the church, and the
laws, customs, and constitutions of the realm.

The palpable mistakes of those late femous writers, have
occasioned this book ; wherdn I vindicate Robert III.
and his mother, from the false and scandalous aspersions
they have been loaded with, by sudi clear evidences and
reasons, drawn from authentic papers and original re-
cords, as, I think, any impartial and judicious man must
allow to be sufficient for conviction : and the deceast Sir
James Dalrymple of Borthwick, Baronet, who hath ac-
quired an immortal reputation by his collections, pub-
lished in 1705 ; from the restless malice, heavy censures.

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weak and tmseascmaUe attacks of Mr. Sage, without
ady manner of provocation given him*

Yonr Lordship's noUe ancestors and fiunily having
received many distinguishing marks of frvour firom our
gkHioos mondrche ; this work, how mean soever it be in
the perfortnanoe, yet» upon account of the subject and
.design^ wiU certainly be a^yseptable to you.

For James de Dalrym{de^ son to Milcoltti, who
gave over the half of that barony of Dalrymple to Sir
Jdm Koanedy of Donnonure, as I have noticed, p. 18,
was a great &vourite to King Robert III., and is
witness to a eharter> of confiriuatioii of the said barony,
granted by that Prince to Sir James Kennedy, and
La^ Mary Stuart, his daughter^ designed tponsae
suaey the 27^ ^^ January 1405** He left two sons,
Robert de Dalrymple of Camraggan, Laucht, and
Dalfaaoe, in the county of Carried, sherifidom of Ayr ;
and James de Dalrymple of Boloun, Rlmure, Unner-
bohoon, Pdbuth, and Inglesfield, in the sherifidom
of Edinburgh, and constabulary of Haddingtoun. Which
lands he obtained of his M^esty, for his eminent and
remarkable services done to the Crown whilst he was
ambassador towards Philip Duke of Burgundy in 1449#
and dnring his negotiations elsewhere, as the charter,
dated at Edinburgh, 12 die mensis Afigusti^ anno
1459, ei Regni sui 23, proports : Pro suo Jiddi
mrvitioy nctns twpenso et impendendo ; ei signanierf
pro suuf magnis laboribus^ et gratuitis servitiiSf
tarn in partUms ultra^marinis, quam in Regno

« Carta 126, Jacobi II. Fol. R. 77.

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nostra graUssime factis. Robert de Dalrymple was
succeeded in his lands of Camraggan by his son John^
upon his own resignation at Stirling, decimo die mensis
Auguati^ anno Regni Jacobi II. Mo. made in his
son's fiivours, and his lady's, named Joneta \ and in his
lands of Laucht and Dalbane, by his grandchild J<Jm
de Dalrymple : As i^pears by a charter of James III.,
Num. 71, 1. 8, dated at Edinburgh, ^to. die mensis
JuUi^ anno 1473. As his brother James was in die
barony of Boltoun, Filmure, &c. by his son John;
whose only daughter, Mirabella de Dakymple, spouse
to Thomas Saintdair, had a grant of the lands of Gos-
ford, in the sheriffdom of Edinburgh, constabulary of
Haddingtoun, from King James II. the 28th of Ja-
nuary 1458 : as is clear from the 53d charter, lib. 6,
of our records, fol. v. 29*

John de Dalrymple of Camraggan, grandchild to
Robert de Dalrymple, had a confirmation of those lands
granted to him and his lady, Elizabeth de Dalrymple,
by King James IV. 1498. His son and successor,
Duncan de Dalrymple of Laucht, had a new gift of the
said lands of Camraggan from King James V. anno
\599y et regni mii 7. He left, by his Lady Eliza-
beth Kennedy, Janet de Dalrymple, upon whom he
settled the lands of Camraggan ; and William de Dal-
rymple of Laucht, in whose person the two divided
estates were again united and joined into one body under
Queen Mary, by her 78th charter, 1. 21. Which
charter is conceived in the most obliging terms can be
imagined, for evidencing that unfortunate Princess her
esteem and regard for a trusty and faithful subject.

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Fm afraid I should be too prolix and tedions if I
should pursue what marks of honour our Kings have
conferred on their successors for a long tract of years :
Yet I cannot but remark, that King Charles II. soon
after his happy restauration, named my Lord Viscount
of Stair, your noble father, Lord President of the Su-
preme Civil Judicatory of our nation ; to whom your
lordship, heir of his extraordinary abilities and virtues,
was nominate immediate successor. Your brother,
John flarl of Stair, was constitute one of the principal
Secretaries of State ; which office he discharged with
the universal approbation of all men. His son, the
present Earl, representative of your honourable family,
having behaved with the utmost bravery at Stenkirk,
and in all the daring actions and amazing victories that
our bold and successful troops won in Flanders over
the formidable French armies at Ramillies, Oudenarde,
Tannier, and Doway, was advanced to be a lieutenant-
general. Lord of the Bed-chamber, one of his Majesty's
most Honourable Privy Council, and Knight of the
most noble order of St. Andrew, and employed in the
most solemn embassies to the most Christian King and
the northern crowns. Sir David Dalrymple of Hailes,
Baronet, a gentleman of great integrity and of a sound
judgment, was promoted to be Lord Advocate by
Queen Anne, who had a particular esteem for Sir
James Dalrymple of Borthwick, your brother, a person
of incomparable parts ; to whom I acknowledge pub-
lickly I owe a great deal, for his kind concern in my
aflSurs in the most troublesome and difficult times that
are recorded in history.

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May your posterity and theirs, Btill increasing in
favour and virtue, be loaded with all the glorious marks
of honour and distinction that can be bestowed by his
present Majesty and his illustrious successors upon their
most deserving subjects. Those are, and shall be, the
earnest and constant wishes of.

My Lord,

Your Lordship's
niost humble,

most obedient,

and most devoted Servant,

RICHARD HAY of Drumboote, C. R.

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It is plain, and beyond all controversy, that Robert
Steward of Scotland, was lawfully married to Elizabeth
More, daughter to Rowallan, after he had purchased a
dispensation from Avignon ; yet the several calculations
made by Messrs Innes, Gray, Sage, and Heame, con-
cerning the precise time at which the marriage was solem-
nized and consummate, cannot be allowed, otherwise John,
Walter, Robert, and Alexander, their children, behoved
to have been notorious bastards, and only legitimate
virtuie supervenieHtis matrimoniu Which blunders are
as injurious to the illustrious race of our kings, as the
scandalous accounts we have of his marriage, from the
continuators or abbreviators of Fordun, Major, Bremon
Domat, Boethius, Lesly, Buchanan, Adam Abel, and other
writers, who have followed one another blindly, without
great variation, in relating that fabulous story. The rea-
son is obvious :


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Robert Duke of Albany, third son to King Robert 11.
died, according to all our historians, the 3d day of Sep-
tember 1419, in the the castle of Stirline, having attain-
ed the 81st year of his age, (oclagenarius et ultra J and
so behoved to be bom in 1338 ; for, subtracting 81 from
1419, there remains 1338 ; Walter, an elder brodier, be-
hoved to have been born in 1337 ; and John Lord Kyle,
in 1336, as Alexander, the youngest, in 1339 : and so all
four behoved to have been bom extra matrimomunij since
there was no regular marriage before 1339 or 1340.
This computation, then, cannot be admitted, otherwise diey
had been debarred from their father's succession and the
crown, by our laws and constitutions of Scotland.

For, in an old manuscript of our Regtam Majestatem^^
transcribed by Thomas Finlayson, the 17th day of April,
in 1559, chap. 48, it is said, That he thai is air is no
bastardj and he that is gottin without matrimony^ cannot
he air*

Sir John Skene of Curriehill, Lord Register, who hath
followed this manuscript as to the substance, in hb
Scottish Edition, printed at Edinburgh in 1609, chap. 50.
art 1, hath thus : Ane bastard may succeed to na man^ as
an UvmfuU air ; likeas na man^ not gottin in IcavfvU mar-
riagej may be an Um/idl air*

And to make us understand distinctly what bairns or
children are lawful, he starts this question, chap. 51, Crif
ane bairn is gottin and bom hetmx ane man and ane
woman^ bejbir UvwfuU marriage betwix them compleity gif
that bairn is lawfuU or not ; it being of verities that the
father of the bairn thereqfier marries^ and takes to his law-

* Thu valuable piece of antiquity, belonging to Mr. John Croaa, Keeper of the
Bcgivters, wai, in a very friendly and generooa manner, communicated by him to
me, with Mreral other euriont Charter*.

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fidl wife the mother of the sarmfne bairn f To which it is

Art 2, Albeit the bairn gotHn and bom^ as said isj be the
common civil law of the RomanSf and the canon and pon-
tifical law, is kn^idl ; nevertheless f conform to the law of
the realm, he may no ways be suffered or heard to claim any
heritage as Ucoafidl heir.

In the old manuscript which I have perused and men-
tioned, the case proposed hath reference to Maganus and
his brother, who pretended to a third part of a knight's
fee, as his right; yet being a bastard, bom before the
matrimony made, was found to have none: the matter
being referred to the bishop, (for the decision of the point
of bastardy regarded the Spiritual or Ecclesiastical Court),
there arose a difficulty, viz. To know, whether or not he that
had espoused the mother, the children begottin befoir the
matrimony were lamfvU airs, or not, fra that matrimony
was afterwards JulfiUedf Answer to that, I say, after Law
Canon and the Law of Rome, sic lamfuU sonnis and airs

Online LibraryJohn Henry NewmanSelections from the prose writings of John Henry, cardinal Newman; for the use of schools → online text (page 1 of 39)