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Store, had left the route followed by the Second and Sixth
Corps, and had taken a cross-road to get into the road south
of the Appomattox Biver, which also led to the Court House
and along or near the routes of Sheridan and Ord.

Lieutenant Pease carried this letter, as well as one from
General Meade, to General Grant, and after a ride of twelve
or fourteen miles from the vicinity of New Store, delivered
it to him at 11.50 a.m., at which time General Grant was
about eight miles from Appomattox Court House; General
Grant's letter to General Lee, acknowledging the receipt of
his letter of the morning of the 9th, was undoubtedly sent to
General Lee through General Sheridan's and General Ord's
lines. For the letter see No. 7, Appendix M.

Had General Grant remained on the route of the Second
and Sixth Corps, the surrender would have taken place be-
fore mid-day. About half-past ten the troops of the Second
Corps, closely follow 3d by the Sixth Corps, began to over-
take General Longstreet's, when General Humphreys re-
ceived two earnest verbal requests from General Lee by a
staff officer (Colonel Marshall or Colonel Taylor) with a flag
of truce, not to press forward upon him, but to halt, as
negotiations were going on for a surrender. General Hum-
phreys did not feel himself authorized to comply with these
requests, since he had not received such information and
authority from General Meade or General Grant as would
sanction it, and so replied to General Lee, and continued to
press forward.

In fact, with the letters from General Grant for General
Lee, General Humphreys had been notified that this corre-
spondence was in no way to interfere with his operations ;
and although this message did not accompany the last letter


received irom General Grant, the previous messages were
evidently designed to govern General Humphreys' actions.
General Humphreys notified General Meade of these mes-
sages from General Lee and of his replies.

When tile request by General Lee's staff officer was made
the last time (tie Second Corps was then close on General
Longstreet) lie was very urgent — so urgent that General
Humphreys had to send him word twice that the request
could not be complied with, and that he must withdraw from
the ground at once. He was in full sight on the road, not a
hundred yards distant; from the head of the Second Corps.

About half a mile beyond this, at eleven o'clock, the
Second Corps had come up with Longstreet's command, in-
trenched in the vicinity of Appomattox Court House. It
was at once formed for attack, the Sixth Corps formed on
the right, which, at the moment when it was about to begin,
was suspended by the arrival of General Meade, who sent a
written communication to General Lee granting a truce on
his (Meade's) line for an hour, in view of the negotiations
for a surrender. General Meade had read General Lee's
letter of nine o'clock before sending it on to General Grant.
General Meade's despatch to General Grant at ten o'clock
that morning stated that he (Meade) had just written to
General Lee. The communication just mentioned granting
a truce is the letter Meade referred to. It was sent through
the lines by General Humphreys, and delivered to a Con-
federate officer by Colonel Whittier, and was received by
General Lee between eleven and twelve o'clock.

Lee halted for the night of the 8th at and in the vicinity
of Appomattox Court House.

General Merritt marching early in the morning of the 7th
toward Prince Edward Court House, on the flank of the in-
fantry, halted for the night beyond it on Spring Creek,
and resuming the march early the next morning toward Ap-


pomattox Station, reached that vicinity dtuing the early part
of the night, Custer, in advance, capturing Walker's train of
artillery and -wagons, and three trains of cars with subsis-
tence sent back fronj Farnnille by Lee. Merritt then moved
up to the vicinity of the Court House and formed across the
road the enemy were moving on.

General Crook, General Mackenzie following him, reached
Appomattox Station on the evening of the 8th, having burned
subsistence trains at Pamphlin's Station on the way. From
the station he sent Smith's brigade to the vicinity of Appo-
mattox Court House to hold the road from that place to

General Griffin halted for the night of the 7th at Prince
Edward Court House, and resuming the march early on the
8th, joined the Twenty-fourth Corps at Prospect Station,
coming then under the command of General Ord.

Continuing the march for twenty-nine miles toward Appo-
mattox Court House, General Ord halted for three hours' rest
between midnight and the morning of the 9th. Besuming
the march, he says he arrived near the Court House about
ten o'clock in the morning of the 9th, when he deployed his
two corps across Lee's route just as his advance was pushing
out of it.

General Fitz Lee says that on the evening of the 8th his
cavahy, which had formed the rear guard, was moved to the
front ; that ths corps commanders were called to Headquar-
ters, where General Lee explained the situation fully, and sub-
mitted the correspondence he had had with General Grant to
them. It was decided that Fitz Lee, supported by Gordon,
should attack Sheridan's cavalry a* daylight, and in case
nothing but cavalry was found, they were to open a way for
the remaining troops ; but in case the cavalry was supported
by heavy bodies of infantry, the Commanding General must
be at once notiiied.


At daybreak on the 9tli Gordon's command was formed in
line of battle half a mile west of the Court House on the
Lynchburg road. The cavalry was posted on his right, W.
H. F. Lee's division next to the infantry, Bosser's in the centre,
Munford's on the right, making, General Fitz Lee says, a
mounted force of about 2,400 men. "Our attack," he con-
tinues, "was made about sunrise, and the enemy's cavalry
quickly driven out of the way, with a loss of two guns and a
number of. prisoners. The arrival at this time of two corps
of their infantry necessitated the retiring of our lines." '

General Crook says : " At about 9 a.m. the enemy made a
strong attack on my front and flanks with a large force of in-
fantry, while their cavalry attacked my rear. Mackenzie and
Smith were forced to retire by overwhelming numbers until
relieved by the infantry, when we reorganized and were get-
ing ready to go to the front when an order for the cessation
of hostilities reached me."

General Merritt says the enemy advanced against Crook in
heavy force. The cavalry was forced back. Custer was
brought up and the cavalry retired slowly, but of necessity.
Soon the Twenty-fourth Corps took up Crook's line on the
left of Devin, and the Fifth Corps deployed in rear of him. As
soon as the columns of the enemy discovered we had infantry
in position, they retired precipitately toward the Valley. The
cavalry was thrown out rapidly to the right, taking possession
of the high ground on the enemy's left, and opened artillery.

General Ord states that he was barely in time on the morn-
ing of the 9th, "for in spite of General Sheridan's attempts
the cavalry was falling back in confusion before Lee's infan-
try ; but," he says, "we soon deployed and went in. Gibbon
on the left, at double-quick, with Foster's and Turner's

1 General Fitz Lee, seeing that Immediate surrender was inevitable, withdrew at
onre toward Lynchburg, that road, he says, being clear, where and in the vicinity
of which he and bis command surrendered shortly after.


divisions, in beautiful style, and the colored troops also at
the double-qnick under these commanders, with the Fifth.
Corps under GrifiBn, when a white flag met" him "at the
Fifth Corps front with a request for a cessation of arms until
General Lee could meet General Grant and confer on the
terms." General Ord continues : "As I knew that a surrender
had been called for and terms asked for and made known, I
knew this second request meant acceptance, and the bugles
were sounded to halt."

General Sheridan says : "A white flag was presented to
General Custer, who had the advance, and who sent the in-
formation to me at once that the enemy desired to surrender.

"Eiding over to the left at Appomattox Court House,' I
met Major-General Gordon, of the rebel service, and Major-
General Wilcox. General Gordon requested a suspension of
hostilities pending negotiations for a surrender then being
held between Lieutenant-General Gtrant and General Lee. I
notified him that I desired to prevent the unnecessary effu-
sion of blood, but as there was nothing definitely settled in
the con-espondence, and as an attack had been made on my
lines with a view to escape under the impression that our
force was only cavalry, I must have some assurance of an
intended surrender. This General Gordon gave by saying
that there was no doubt of the surrender of General Lee's
army. I then separated from him, with an agreement to meet
those officers again in half an hour at Apjwmattox Comi;
House. At the specified time, in company with General
Ord, who commanded the infantry, I again met this officer,
and also Lieutenant-General Longstreet, and received from
them the same assurance, and hostilities ceased until the
arrival of Lieutenant-General Grant." "

* Appomattox Conrt Honae was between the picket lines of the opposing forces.

2 The author of " With General Sheridan in Lee's Last Campaign, by a Staff

Officer,'* states that General Longstreet bore a despatch from General Lee to



General Grant arrived at Appomattox Court House about
one o'clock, when the meeting between himself and General
Lee took place. After a brief conference the two letters of
General Grant and General Lee [Nos. 8 and 9, Appendix JI],
respectively presenting and accepting the terms of surrender,
having been written in each other's presence, were exchanged.

At about four o'clock the surrender of the Army of North-
em Virginia was announced to the Army of the Potomac.

The surrender of General Johnston's army took place on the
25th of April, and that of the other Confederate forces soon

According to the Eeoords of the War Department, the num-
ber of officers and enlisted men of the Army of Northern Vir-
gioia paroled on the 9th of April, 1865, was :




General Lee and Staff.

Longstreet's Corps

Gordon's Corps

Ewell's Corps

Total Infantry

Cavalry Corps

Artillery Corps

Total Infantry, Cavalry, and Artillery

DetaclinientB ^

Grand Total



















General Grant, and gives a copy of the despatch. It is a copy or duplicate of the
despatch written by General Lee at nine o^clock in the morning, and delivered to
General Hmnphreys' stafE ofHcer, Colonel Whittier, and placed in General Grant's
hands by Lieutenant Pease, of General Meade's staff, at 11.55 a.m., when General
Grant was still eight miles from Appomattox Court House, and at about the hour
when General Longstreet delivered the duplicate to General Sheridan and General

1 Detachments consisted of some of the Navy Battalion, the Provost Guard,
Headquarters Cavalry escort, some odds and ends of troops, and civilian employes.


It has been stated that of the troops STirrendered, only
8,000 had arms.

If, indeed, that is correct, then the greater part of those
men who had no arms must have thrown them away when
they found that they must surrender. This was not difficult
to do unobserved by their officers. The country was thickly
wooded and open to them on the west and northwest. A
walk of half an hour would bring them to ground that neither
their officers nor ours would pass over during their brief
stay in the vicinity of the Court House.

Our casualties in these closing operations from the 29th of
March to the 9th of April were 8,268 officers and enlisted
men killed and wounded, and 1,676 missing, making a total
loss of 9,944. They were distributed as shown below.'

The Army of the Potomac marched to Washington, was re-
viewed by the President and his Cabinet, and was disbanded
by the 30th of June following.

It has not seemed to me necessary to attempt a eulogy
upon the Army of the Potomac or the Army of Northern

1 Cavalry, 1,151 officers and enlisted men killed and wounded, 339 misBlng.

" " 630

" " " " 546 •'

t( (( t( kl H

" 161

LI t( U n u

" " " 1,676 "

Total, 9,944 " " " " " and "


, 1,394

5th "


6th "


9th "


24th "







Organization of the Aemy op the Potomac, Commanded bt
Majoe-Geneeal Geobge G. Meade, on Mat 4, 1864.

[Compiled from the records of the Adjutant-Generars Office.]

Provost Guard,
Brigadier-General M^bseha K. Patbick.
1st MassachnsettB Cavalry, Companies 3d Pennsylvania Cavalry.

and D. 68tti Pennsylvania Infantry.

80th New York Infantry (90th Militia). 114th Pennsylvania Infantjy.

VolU7iieer Engineer Brigade.

Brigadier-General Henrt W. Behhah.

15th New York Engineers. 60th New York Engineers.

Battalion United States Engineere,

Captain Geobqe H. Mendeix.

Guards ana Orderlies.

Captain Dahiel P. Mann.

Independent Company Oneida (N. Y.) Cavalry.

Brigadiee-General henry J. HUNT.


First Brigade.

Colonel J. Howard Kitchino.

6th New York Heavy Artillery. 15th New York Heavy Artillery.

Second Brigade. First Brigade Sorse Artillery.^

Major John A. Tompkin8. Captain Johh M. Robektson.

Maine Light Artillery, 5th Battery. New York Light Artillery, 6th Batteiy.

New York Light Artillery, 6th Battery. 2d U. S. Artillery, Battenes B and L.

New York Light Artillery, ISth Battery, 2d IT. 8. Artillei-y, Battery D.

New York Light Artillery, 16th Battery. 2d V. S. Artillery, Battery M.

New Jersey Light Artillery, Battery A. 4th U. S. Artillery, Battery A.

New Jersey Light Artillery, Battery B. 4th U. S. Artillery, Batteries and E.

• Detached with Cavalry Corps.


Second Brigade Horse Artillert/.
Captain DuNBAlt R. Raksom.
li* U. S. Artillery, BatterieR B and G.
Ist "U", S. Artillery, Batteries H and 1.
Ist V. a. Artilleiy, Battery K.
ga TJ. S. Artillery, Battery A.
2a TJ. S. Artillery, Battery G.
3d U. g. Art., Batteries 0, F, and K.

Third Brigade,


Maesachueetts Light Art'y, Dth Battery.
1st New York Light Art'y, Battery B.
1st New York Light Art'y, Battery C.
New York Light Art'y, 11th Battery.
1st Ohio Light Artillery, Battery H.
Bth U. S. Artiller;, Battery E.


Majok-Gbneeal W. S. HANCOCK.


Oaptain John H. Hazelton.

1st Vermont Cavalry, Company M.

Bbigadiek-Gbnebai, FBANCIS C. BARLOW.

First Brigade.
Colonel Nelson A. Miles,
2f>th Michigan.
61st New York.
81st Pennsylvania.
140th Pennsylvania.
183d Pennsylvania.

Second Brigade.
Coloni'l Thomas A. SmTH.
28th Massachusetts.
63d New York.
69th New York.
88th New York.
116th Pennsylvania.

Third Brigade.
Colonel FAtiL Frank.
■ 39th New York.
B2a New York.
B7th New York.
111th New York.
126th New York.
126th New York.

Fourth Brigade.
Colonel John R. BBOOEa.
2d Delaware.
64th New York.
66th New York.
BSd Pennsylvania.
146th Pennsylvania.
148th Pennsylvania.

Bbigabiek-Gehebal JOHN GIBBON.

First Brigade.
Brig.-Gen. Alex. S. Webb.
19th Maine.

1st Co. Andrew(Mass.)S. S.
15th Massachusetts.
19th Massachusetts.
20th Massachusetta.
7th Michigan.
42a New York.
eSth New York.
e2d New York.

Second Brigade.
Brig.-Gen. Joshua T.
152d New York.
69th Pennsylvania.
Tlst Pennsylvania.
72d Pennsylvania.
lU6th Pennsylvania,

Third BrUiade.
Col. Sautel S. Cabbouu
14th Connecticut.
10th New York.
108th New York.
12th New Jersey.
Ist Delaware.
7th West Virginia.
4th Ohio.
8th Ohio.
14tb Indiana.

Not Brigaded.
2d Company Minnesota Sharpshooters.



Major Gbnbbai. DAVID B. BIENEY.

First Brigade. Second Brigade.

Brig.-Gen. J. H. H. Waed. Brig.-Gen. AIiEXAndeb Hats.

3d Maine. 4th Maine.

' 40th New York. 17th Maine.

88th New York. 93d New York.

124th New York. 67th Pennsylvania.

99th Pennsylvania. 6Sd Pennsylvania.

110th Penns3'lvania 105th Pennsylvania. ■

14lBt Pennsj'lvania. 3d Michigan.

3Uth Indiana. 6th Michigan.

Sd U. S. Sharpshooters. 1st IT. S. Sharpshooters.

Beioadieb-Gehebai. GBBSHOM MOTT.
First Brigade. Second Brigade.

Colonel Robert MoAijListeb. Colonel Williau B. Brewsteb.

Ist Massachusetts. 11th Massachnsetts.

16th Massachusetts. 70th New York.

5th New Jersey. Tlst New York.

6th New Jersey. 73d New York.

7th New Jersey. 73d New York.

8th New Jersey. 74th New York.

11th New Jersey. 120th New York.

26th Pennsylvania. 84th Pennsylvania.

115th Pennsylvania.

Artillery Brigade.
Colonel John C. Tidbaix.
Maine Light Artillery, 6th Battery.
New Hampshire Lip:ht Artillery, 1st Battery.
Massachusetts Light Artillery, 10th Battery.
1st Rhode Island Light Artillery, Battery A.
1st Rhode Island Light Artillery, Battery B,
1st Rhode Island Light Artillery, Battery G*
4th New York Heavy Artillery, 3d Battalion.
1st Pennsylvania Light Artillery, Battery F.
4th tr. S. Artillery, Battery K.
6th V. S. Artillery, Batteries C and I.

Majok-General G. K. WARREN.

Provost Guard.

Major Henry W. Byber.

12th New York Battalion.


Beioadieb-Geneeal CHARLES GRIFFIN.

First Brigade.

Brlgadier-General Rometh B, Atres.

140th New York. 14Bth New York. 91st PennsylvanJa.

155th Pennsylvania,

2d United States, Companies B, 0, F, H, I, and K.
11th United States, Companies B, C, D, E, F, and G, 1st Battalion.
12th United Sfcntes^ Companies A, B, 0, D, and G, 1st Battalion,
12th United States, Companies A, G, D, F, and H, 2d Battalion.
14th United States, 1st Battalion.

17th United States, Companies A, C, D, G. and H, 1st Battalion.
17th United States, Companies A, B, and C, 2d BattaUon.


Second Brigade.
Colonel Jacob B. Sweitzeb.
9tli MaBaachusetts.
33d Massachueetta.
3Sd MasBachusettB.
62d Pennsylvania.
4th Michigan.

Third Brigade.
Brig.- Gen. Joseph J. BartijBTT.

2nth Maine.
18th. MasEachusetts.
44th New Xorfc.
83d Pennsylvania.
118th Pennsylvania,
Ist Michigan.
16th Michigan.

Brigadier-Genebal JOHN C. ROBINSON.

First Brigade.
Col. Sam'l H. Leonard.
16th Maine.
13tb Massachusetts.
39lh Mai^sachusetts.
104th New Xork.

Second Brigade.
Bg.-Gen. Henry Baxteh.

liith Massachusetta.
83d New York.
97th New York,
ilth Pennsylvania,
88th Pennsylvania.
90tli Pennsylvania.

Third Brigade.
Ool. Andrew W. Dem-


Ist Maryland,
4th Maryland.
7th Maryland,
8th Maryland.

Brigadier-General SAMUEL W. CRAWFORD.

First Brigade.
Colonel WniiAM McCahdlesb.
Ist Pennsylvania Reserves.
2d Pennsylvania Reserves,
6th Pennsylvania Reserves,
7th Pennsylvania Reserves,
ilth Pennsylvania Reserves.
ISth Pennsylvania Reaerver(lst Rifles).

Third Brigade.
Colonel Joseph W. Fishes,
Bth Pennsylvania Reserves.
8th Pennsylvania Reserves.
9th Pennsylvania Reserves,
10th Pennsylvania Reserves.
13th Pennsylvania Reserves,

Bbigadieb-Gbnbral JAMES S. WADSWORTH,

Ftrat Brigade. Second Brigade.

Bg.-Gen. Ltsander Cxttleb. Bg.-Gen. Jas. C. Rioe.
1st N. Y. Battalion Sharp- 76th New York.

7th Indiana.
19th Indiana.
S4th Michigan.
2d Wisconsin.
6th Wisconsin.
7th Wiscomin.

84th New York.
9Bth New York.
147th New York.
&6th Pennsylvania.

Third Brigade,
Colonel Rot Stone.
ISlst Pennsylvania.
142d Pennsylvania.
148d Pennsylvania.
149th Pennsylvania.
150th Pennsylvania.

Artilleri/ Brigade.
Colonel Charles S. Wainwbigbt.

Massachusetts Light Artillery, Battery O.
Massachnsetts Li^ht Artillery, Battery E.
1st New York Light Artillery, Battery D.
Ist New York Light Artillery, Batteries E and Ii.
1st New York Light Artillery, Battery H.
4th New York Heavy Artillery, 2d Battalion.
4th New York Heavy Artillery. Company B,
Ist Pennsylvania Light Artillery, Battery B.
4th United States Artillery, Battery B.
Bth United States Artillery, Battery D,




Majob^General JOHN SEDGWICK.


Oaptain Chables E. Fellows.

8th, Ftinnsylvania Cavalry, Company A.

Beigadibk-Gehebal HORATIO Q. WRIGHT,

t^rnt Brigade.
Colonel Henry W. Bbown.
Ist New Jersey.
2d New Jersey.
3d New Jersey.
4th New Jersey.
10th New Jersey.
15th New Jersey.

Third Brigade.
Brig.-Geri. David A. Bussell,
6th Maine.
49th Pennsylvania.
3 19fch Pennsylvania.
5th Wisconsin.

Second Brigade.
Colonel EuoBY ITptom,
6th Maine.
121sb New York.
95th Pennsylvania.
96th Pennsylvania.

Fo2irth Brigade.
Brig.-Gten. Alexandeb Shalbb.
65th New York.
67 th New York.
132d New York,
sad Pennpylvania.
82d Pennsylvania.

Bbiqadiee-Genebal GEORGE W. GETTY.

First Brigade,
Brig-Gen. Frank Whkaton.
62d New York.
93d Pennsylvania.
98th Pennsylvania.
102d Pennsylvania.
139lh Pennsylvania.

Third Brigade.
Bri^.-Gen. Thomas H. Nbill.

7th Maine.
43d New York.
49th New York.
77th New York.
61st Pennsylvania.

Second Brigade.
Colonel Lewis A. Gbant.
2d Vermont.
8d Vermont.
4th Vermont.
Bth Vermont.
6th Vermont.

Fovrtli Brigade.
Brig.-Gen. Hehrt L. Ecstis.

7th Massachusetts,
loth MassachuEetts.
37th Massachusetts,
2d Rhode Island.

Brigaoxeb-Gehebal JAMES B. RICKETTS.

First BHgade.
Brig.-Gen. William H. Morris.
10th Vermont.
106th New York.
151st New York,
14th New Jersey.
67th Pennsylvania.

Second Brigade.
Colonel Benjamin F. Smith.^
67th Pennsylvania.
138th Pennsylvania.
6th Maryland.
110th Ohio. Ohio.
ia6th Ohio.

1 Relieved May 5th by Brigadier-General Truman Seymour.


Artillery Brigade.
Colonel Charles H. Tompkins.
Maine Light Artillery, 4th Battery (U).
Massachusetts lAght Artillery, l8t Battery (A),
Ist Rhode Island Light Artillery, Battery O.
1st Rhode Island Light Artillery, Battery B.
1st Rhode Island Light Artillery, Battery G.
New York Light Artillery, 1st Battery.
New York Light Artillery, 3d Battery.
4th New York Heavy Artillery, Ist Battalion.
Sth United States Artillery, Battery M,


Captain Iba W. Claflin.

6th United States.

Brioadieb-Genebal a. T. A, Torbert.

I^rst Brigade.
Bg.-Gen. G£o. A. Custer.
' Ist Michigan.
Sth Michigan.
6th Michigan,
7th Michigan,

Second Brigade. Reserve Brigade.

Col. ThoS. C. Detin. Bg.-Gen. Wesley Mbhbitt.

4th New York. Ist New York (Dragoons.)

6th New York. 6th Pennsylvania.

9th New York. Ist United States.

17th Pennsylvania. Sd United States.
Sth United States.

Brigadiek-Genebal DAVID McM. GREGG.

First Brigade.
Brig.-Gen. Henry E. Daties, Jr.

Ist Massachusetts.
1st New Jersey.
1st Pennsylvania.
6th Ohio.

Second Brigade.
Colonel J. Ibytn Gregg.
Ist Maine.
10th New York.
Sd Pennsylvania.
4th Pennsylvania.
Sth Pennsylvania.
13th Pennsylvania.
16tb Pennsylvania.


First Brigade.
Oolonel Timothy M. Bbtan, Jr.
1st Connecticut.
ad New York.
5th New York,
isth Pennsylvania.

Second Brigade.
Oolonel Geoboe H. Chafuan.

1st Vermont
Sth New York,
3d Indiana.
Sth Illinois.


Organization of the Ninth Ahmy Corps, Commanded b^
Major-General Ambrose E. Burnside, on May 4, 1864:/

Provnui Guard.
Captain Milton Cogswell.
8th United States Infantry.

FIRST division.
Briqadibr-G-eneral THOMAS G. STEVENSON,
First Brigade. Second Brigade,

Colonel Sumner Carrutb. Colonel Daniel Leasttre.

S5th. Massachusetts. 21st Massachusetts.

5fith MasHEchiisetts. 100th Pennsylvania.

67th Massachusetts. 3d Maryland.

59th Ma-sachusetts.
4Lh United States.
10th United States.

Maine Light Artillery, 2d Battery (B).

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