John Howard Brown.

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in Texas, 1874-75. He was admitted to the bar
of the U.S. supreme court in 1890. He was
appointed senior major of 3d U.S. volunteer
engineers in May, 1898, and served throughout
the Spanish- American war, and in November,
1898, personally hoisted the first American flag
in Havana. He was senior captain with tlie rank
of major of the 37th U.S. volunteer infantry,
July 5-Deo. 1, 1899, and was appointed brigadier-
general and chief engineer of Spanish war
veterans, Oct. 10, 1900. He was elected com-
mander-in-chief of the National Spanish- American
War Veterans, Oct. 11, 1903. His many publish-
ed books include : My Official Wife (1891) ; Delilah
of Harlem (1893) ; The Little Lady of Lagunitas
(1893); For Life and Love (1893); The Masked
"Fenas (1893) ; The Flying Halcyon (1894); In the
Old Chateau (1895) ; A Daughter of Judas (1895);
After Many Years, poems (1895) ; i¥iss Devereux
(1895); The Anarchist (1896); In the Shadow of
the Pyramids (1896); In the Swim (1896); The
Hacienda on the Hill (1900); The Shield of His
Honor (1900); The Midnight Passenger (1900);
Brought to Bay (1900), and other novels, stories,
lectures and essays.

SAWTELLE, Charles Qreene, soldier, was
born in Norridgevvock, Maine, May 10, 1834 ; son
of CuUen and Elizabeth (Lyman) Sawtelle ;
grandson of Richard and Sarah (Ware) Sawtelle
and of Josiah Dwight and Betsey (Whiting) Ly-
man, and a descendant of Richard Sawtell (be-
lieved to have first settled at Groton, Mass.), who
died at Watertown, Mass., Aug. 31, 1694. He
was graduated from the U.S. Military academy
in 1854 ; was assigned to the infantry and served
on frontier duty at Fort Ripley, Minn., 1854-55,
and on the Sioux expedition of 1855. He was
promoted 3d lieutenant, 6th infantry, March 3,
1855, 1st lieutenant, July 1, 1859 ; served as quar-
termaster, 1857-61 ; was stationed in California,
1858-61, and appointed acting regiment adjutant,
April 39, 1861. He was in charge of the quarter-
master depot at Perry ville, Md., 1861-63; was
promoted captain of staff and assistant quarter-
master. May 17, 1861, and served in the Virginia
Peninsular campaign in 1863, and as acting chief
quartermaster of the Army of the Potomac in
the Maryland campaign. He was promoted lieu-
tenant-colonel of staff, Nov. 13, 1863, was chief
quartermasterof the 3d corps, in the Rappahan-



■ [619]



SAWYER



SAWYER



nock campaign, 1862-63 ; chief quartermaster of
the riglit grand division in the battle of Fred-
ericksburg, Dec. 13, 1803 ; chief quartermaster of
cavalry corps, Army of the Potomac, Jan. 34-
Juue 13, 1863 ; assistant chief quartermaster of
the Army of the Potomac, June 21-Aug. 0, 1863 ;
chief quartermaster of the cavalry bureau at
Washington, D.C., 1863-6i ; chief -quartermaster
of the forces on the Rio Grande river, Feb.-April,

1864, having charge of the transports and sup-
plies for the relief of General Banks' army on its
return from Red River. He was in chai-ge of the
steam transportation in the department of the
Gulf, May 19-June 6, 1864 ; and vs'as chief quar-
termaster of the military division of West Missis-
sippi, 1864-65. He was brevetted major, lieu-
tenant-colonel and colonel U.S.A., March 13,

1865, for faithful and meritorious services during
the rebellion ; was brevetted brigadier-general,
U.S.A., March 13, 1865, for faithful and merito-
rious services in the quartermaster's department
during tlie rebellion. He was promoted colonel
of staff, U.S. v.. May 35, 1865, was cliief quarter-
master of the military division of the Soutliwest,
June 3-July 17, 1865 ; was appointed chief-quar-
termaster of the military division of the Gulf in
1865 and of the department of the Gulf in 1866.
He was promoted major, Jan. 18, 1867 ; lieuten-
ant-colonel and deputy quartermaster-general,
Jan. 34, 1881 ; colonel and assistant quartermaster-
general, Sept. 13, 1894 ; brigadier-general and
quartermaster-general, Aug. 19, 1896, and was
retired at his own request, Feb. 16, 1897. He was
married, March 30, 1869, to Alice Chester, daugh-
ter of Edmund S. and Sarah (Clark) Muuroe of
Englewood, N.J.

SAWYER, Caroline Mehitabel (Fisher),
author, was born in Newton, Mass., Dec. 10, 1813 ;
daughter of Jesse and Anna (Kenrick) Fisher ;
granddaughter of John Kenriok, and a descen-
dant of the Rev. Thomas Foxcroft of Boston
— her maternal great-grand-mother, Mehitable
(Foxcroft) Miriam, wife of Rev. John Miriam of
Newton, being his daughter. She was educated
at home by her uncle, Enoch Kenriok, and was
married, Sept. 21, 1831, to Dr. Thomas Jefferson
Sawyer (q.v.). They had seven children. She
edited the Ladies' Repository, 1861-64, and is the
author of: The Juvenile Library (4 vols,, 1845);
The Poetry of Hebreiv Tradition (1847): edited
the "Poems" of Mrs. Julia H. Scott, with a
memoir (1854); translated Van Horn's "Friedel"
from the German (1856); and conducted Tlie
Rose of Sharon, an annual publication (1850-58).
She died at College Hill, Mass., May 19, 1894.

SAWYER, Charles Henry, governor of New
Hampshire, was bornin Watertown, N.Y., March
30, 1840 ; son of Jonathan and Martha (Perkins)
Sawyer ; grandson of Phinehas and Hannah




(Whitney) Sawyer and of Cyrus and Martha
(Childs) Perkins, and a descendant of Thomas
and Mary (Prescott) Sawyer, who were among
the first settlers of Lancaster, Mass., 1647. In
1850 his 2)arents moved to
Dover, N.H., where he at-
tended the public schools and
Franklin academy. He was
married, Feb. 8, 1860, to Susan
Ellen, daughter of Dr. James
W. and Elizabeth (Hodgdon)
Cowan of Dover. He was su-
lierintendentof the Sawyer Woolen mills, 1865-81,
and president of that company, 1881-98. He was
representative in the New Hampshire legislature,
1869-70 and 1876-77 ; a delegate to the Republi-
can national convention of 1884, and governor of
New Hampshire, 1887-89. He was commissioner
from New Hampshire to the Paris exposition,
1889, and ofBcially connected with railways, banks
and other institutions, retiring from business in
1898. He was a trustee of Dartmouth college,
1887-89, and received from there the honorary
degree of A.M. in 1887, and that of M.S. fi-oni
the New Hampshire College of Agriculture and
Mechanic Arts.

SAWYER, Frederick Adolphus, senator, was
born in Bolton, Mass., Dec. 13, 1822 ; son of
Joseph and Abigail (Bender) Sawyer, and grand-
son of Peter Bender, a native of Germany. He
earned his college tuition and expenses by teach-
ing school, and was graduated at Harvard in
1844. He taught in Gardiner, Maine, 1844-47 ;
Wiscasset, Maine, 1847-51; Lowell, Mass., 1852 ;
Nashua, N.H., 1853; Wakefield, Mass., 1853-55,
and Boston, Mass., 1855-59. He w-as married in
1854 to Delia E., daughter of Ira and Mary (White)
Gay of Nashua. lie was principal of the state
normal school at Charleston, S.C, 1859-63 ; was
active in promoting reconstruction measures, and
was collector of internal revenue for the 2d dis-
trict of South Carolina, 1865-68. He was elected
a delegate to the state constitutional convention
in 1867, but was unable to be present, and was
elected one of the first U.S. senators from South
Carolina under the reconstruction laws of the
state, serving from July 33, 1868, to March 3,
1873. From March, 1873, to June, 1874, he was
assistant secretary of the U.S. treasury, and with
other officials was chax-ged with procuring the
payment of a fraudulent cotton claim, of which
he was acquitted on a second trial ; was con-
nected with the coast survey, 1874-80 ; was a
special agent of the war department, 1880-87, and
conducted a preparatory school in Ithaca, N.Y.,
for several years. He died in Sewanee, Tenn.,
July 31, 1891.

SAWYER, Horace Bucklin, naval oflScer, was
born in Burlington, Vt., Feb. 33, 1797 ; son of



[6201



SAWYER



SAWYER



Col. James Sawj-er, and grandson of Colonel
Ephvaim Sawyer, who removed from Lancaster,
Mass., to Grand Isle countj-, Vt., in 1TS6. He
was appointed midshipman in the U.S. navj-,
June 4, 1813, and served on Lake Champlain under
Lieut. Sidney Smith in 1813, where he was taken
prisoner and held as a hostage at Halifax, N.S.
He served on the Constitution Mnder Commodore
Stewart in 1815, and fought in the battle result-
ing in the capture of the Cyane and Levant.
He shipped before the mast on a merchant ship
for India, 1816-1": was promoted lieutenant in the
U.S. nav}-, April 1, 1818 ; served on board the
Dolphin on a cruise to South America, 1818-21 ;
on the Spark in the West Indies, and on the
Warren in the Mediterranean. During the
Canadian rebellion he commanded the northern
frontier of Vermont. He was promoted com-
mander in December, 1839 ; captain, April 12,
1853, and was retired, Sept. 13, 18o.'), and in 1856
was presented with a sword by the legislature of
Vermont, for his services in the war of 1813-15.
He removed to Plattsburgh, N.Y. He was mar-
ried, first, to Miss Shaler of Middletown, Conn.,
and secondly, to Miss Wadsworth of Burlington,
Vt. He died in Washington, D.C., Feb. U, 1860.

SAWYER, Leicester Ambrose, educator, was
born in Pinckney, N.Y., July 38, 1807; son of
Jothani and Lucy (Harper) Sawyer ; grandson
of Thomas and Susannah (Wilder) Sawyer ; great-
grandson of Elisha and Mary (Hart) Saw3-er, and
a descendant of Thomas Sawyer, who came from
Kent, England, in 1636, and married JIary Pres-
cott. He was graduated from Hamilton college,
N.Y'., in 1838 ; attended Princeton Theological
seminary, 1838-39, and was ordained to the
Presbyterian ministry at Watertown, N.Y'., Feb.
23. 1833. He supplied pulpits at Adams, Smith-
villeandNorth Adams, N.Y. , 1831-32 ; was pastor
at Martinsburg, N.Y., 1832-35; New Haven, Conn.,
183.5-40, and Columbus, Ohio, 18-40-47, being
president of Central college, Ohio. 1842-47. He
was pastor at Sackett's Harbor, N.Y., 1850-54 ; of
the Congregational church at Westmoreland,
1854-59, and of the Unitarian church at South
Hingham, Mass., 1859-60. In 1860 he settled in
Whitesboro, N.Y., where he engaged in literary
work, and was connected with the Utica. Morning
Herald. He made a translation of the New
Testament (1858), and is the author of : Elements
of Biblical Interpretation (1836); Mental Philoso-
phy (1839) ; Moral Philosophy (1845) ; Critical
Exposition of Baptism (1845) ; Organic Christi-
anity (1854) ; Reconstruction of Biblical Theories
(1863) ; and The American Bible (1860-1888).
He died in Whitesboro, N.Y., Dec. 29, 1898.

SAWYER, Lemuel, representative, was born
in Camden county, N.C., in 1777 ; son of Lemuel
Sawyer. He prepared for college at Flatbush



academy, Long Island, N.Y., matriculated at the
University of North Carolina, class of 1799 ;
studied mathematics at the University of Pennsyl-
vania, and on returning to North Carolina served
in the house of commons, 1800-01. He was ad-
mitted to the bar in 1804 ; was a presidential elec-
tor on the Democratic ticket in 1805, and a
representative from North Carolina in the 10th,
11th, 13th, 15th, 16th, 17th, 19th and 30th con-
gresses, serving 1807-13, 1817-33 and 1825-29. He
resided for several years in Elizabeth City, N.C.,
and was a department clerk in Washington, D.C.,
1850-52. He is the author of : Life of John Ran-
dolph (ISH) ; Autobiography (lSi4:); and he wrote
several dramas, which were not successful as they
were considered at the time immoral. He died
in Washington, D.C., Jan. 9, 1852.

SAWYER, Lorenzo, jui'ist, was born in Le-
roy, N.Y., May 33, 1820. He removed to Penn-
sylvania and later to Ohio, and attended Western
Reserve university. He practised law in Illinois -
and Wisconsin, and in 1850 went to California
where he engaged in mining. He was elected city
attorney of San Francisco in 1854 ; was judge of
the district court of California, 1862-63 ; justice-
of the supreme court, 1863-68, and chief-justice,,
1868-69. He was U.S. circuit judge for the 9th
circuit that embraced the whole of the Pacific
States, 1869-91. He received the honorary degree
of LL.D. from Hamilton college in 1877, and
was president of the board of trustees of Leland
Stanford Junior university, 1887-91. He died in
Washington, D.C., Jan. 9, 1891.

SAWYER, Philetus, senator, was born in
Whiting, Rutland county, Vt.. Sept. 22, 1816. His
father, a farmer and blacksmith, removed in
1817 to Crown Point, N.Y., where Philetus at-
tended the district schools. He obtained em-
ployment in a saw-
mill, which he subse-
quently operated, and
was married in 1841,
to Melvina M. Had-
ley, who died in 1888.
He removed with his
family to Fond du
Lac county. Wis., in
1847 ; engaged in
farming, and then
entered the lumber
business at Algoma
and at Fond du
Lac, accumulating
an estate valued at
$3,000,000. He was

repeatedly elected to the city council ; was a
representative in the state legislature, 1857-63 J
mayor of Oshkosh, 1863-64, and a Republican
representative from the fifth district of Wiscon-




[621]



SAWYER



SAXE



sin in the 39th-43d congresses, 1865-75. He was
elected U.S. senator, Jan. 26, 1881 ; was re-
elected, Jan. 26, 1887, and was defeated for re-
election in 1893 by John R. Mitcliell, Democrat.
He served in the senate as chairman of the com-
mittee on post offices and post roads. He was a
delegate to the Republican national conventions
of 1864, 1876 and 1880. He contributed to many-
religious and benevolent institutions ; gave
$12,000 toward a building for the Young Men's
Christian association of Oshkosh, and bequeathed
§10,000 to the Ladies Benevolent society of that
place. He died in Oshkosh, Wis., March 29, 1900.

SAWYER, Sylvanus, inventor, was born in
Templeton, Mass., April 15, 1822. While a boy
at work on his father's farm he invented a
practical reed organ. In 1839 he engaged in the
gunsmith business with his brother-in-law in
Augusta, Maine, and invented a steam-engine, a
screw propeller and a foot-power car. In 1843
he removed to Boston and invented a machine
for making chair-cane from rattan ; and in 1851
he established a manufactory at East Temple-
Ion. He was a director and manager of the
American Rattan Co., formed in December, 1851.
In 1853 he invented improvements in rifled can-
non projectiles, arranging the percussion-cap so
as to cause the explosion of the shell on impact.
He made experiments with this invention in
1857-58, and it was approved by the U.S. ord-
nance bureau. During the civil war his guns-
were placed at Newport News and at Fort- Wood,
and at the latter place they created havoc with
the iron-clad batteries at Sewell's Point, a dis-
tance of three and one half miles. After the
war, he furnished the first batteries of cast-steel
rifled guns made in America. His other inven-
tions include : patent dividers and calipers in
1867 ; a steam generator in 1868 ; a sole sewing
machine, 1876, and a centering watchmaker's
lathe in 1882. He died in Templeton, Mass.,
Oct. 25, 1895.

SAWYER, Thomas Jefferson, educator, was
born in Reading, Vt. , Jan. 9, 1804; son of Ben-
jamin and Sally (York) Sawyer ; grandson of
Joseph and Hannah (Hutchens) Sawyer ; and a
descendant of John Sawyer of Lincolnshire,
England, whose son Thomas came to New Eng-
land in 1639, was probably a resident of Rowley,
Mass., in 1643, and was afterwards one of the
first settlers of Lancaster, Mass. Thomas J. Saw-
yer was graduated at Middlebury college, A.B.,
1829, A.M., 1833 ; studied theology, and was pastor
of a Universalist church in New York city, 1830-
45 and 1852-61. He was married, Sept. 21, 1831,
to Caroline Mehitable Fisher (q.v.), of Newton,
Mass. He was principal of Clinton Liberal
institute, 1845-52, and lived on a farm in Clinton,
N.Y., 1861-63. He was greatly interested in



training men for the Universalist ministrj', and
in 1847, with the Rev. Hosea Ballou, 2d, and the
Rev. Thomas Whittemore, began the movement
which resulted in the founding of Tufts college,
chartered in 1853. He was also instrumental in
establishing the theological school of St. Law-
rence university, Canton, N.Y., in 1856, and be-
tween the years 1861 and 1803 declined the pre-
sidency of St. Lawrence university, of Lom-
bard university and of Tufts college. He edited
the Christian Ambassador in New York city,
1863-66, and lived on a farm in New Jersey,
1866-69. In 1869 he accepted the Packard chair
of systematic theology at Tufts, which position
he held until 1892, when he was made professor
emeritus. He was also the first dean of the
faculty, 1882-92. He was secretary and librarian
of the Universalist Historical society, 1834-99,
and was a valiant champion of the Universalist
faith, in magazine articles and in debate. He re-
ceived from Harvard the honorary degree of
S.T.D. in 1850 and from Tufts that of LL.D. in
1896. He is the autlior of : Letters to Rev. Ste-
phen Remington in Revieio of his "Lectures on
Universalism" (1839) ; Review of Rev. E. F. Hat-
field's " Universalism as it Is" (1843) ; Endless
Punishment (1845); Memoirs of Rev. Stephen R.
Smith (1852) ; Discussions with Rev. Isaac West-
cott on the Doctrine of Endless Misery (1853) ;
The Doctrine of Universal Salvation (1854) ;
]Vho is our God, the Son of the Father f (1859),
and Endless Punishment in the Very Words of Its
Advocates (1880). He died in Somerville, Mass.,
July 24, 1899.

SAXE, John Godfrey, poet, was born in High-
gate, Vt., June 2, 1816. He was brought up on a
farm; attended St. Albans (Vt.) grammar school
and Wesleyan university, 1885-36, and was grad- ,
uated from Middlebury college, A.B.. 1839, A.M.,
1842. He studied law at Lockport, N.Y., and St.
Albans, Vt. ; was admitted to the bar in St. Albans
in September, 1843, and practised in Franklin
county, 1843-50, being also superintendent of the
county schools, 1843-45. He became the pro-
prietor of the Burlington, Vermont, Sentinel in
1850, which he edited until 1856 ; was state's at-
torney for Ciiittenden county, 1850-51 ; attorney-
general of Vermont, 1856-59 ; deputy-collector of
customs, and the unsuccessful Democratic nomi-
nee for governor of the state in 1859 and in 1860.
He removed to New York in 1860, and engaged
in literary work and lecturing until 1872, when
he removed to Albany and became editor of the
Evening Journal. The honorary degree of LL.D.
was conferred on him by Middlebury college in
1860. He is the author of many poems which
he contributed to the Knickerbocker Magazine ;
Harper's Magazine and tlie Atlantic Monthly.
They include : Rhyme of the Rail ; TJie Briefless



[622]



SAXTON



SAXTON



BanHster ; The Proud Miss McBride ; Jerry the
miller ; I'm Grou-ing Old ; The Old Church Bell,
and Treasures in Heaven. Among his publislied
works are: Progress, A Satirical Poem (1846) ;
Humorous and Satirical Poems (1850) ; The
Honey King a7id other Poems (1859); Complete
PoeJMS (1861); The Flying Dutchman {18G2); Clever
Stories of Many Nations, Rendered in Rhyme
(1865); The Times, The Telegraph, and other
Poems (1865); The Masquerade and other Poems
(1866); Fables and Legends of Many Countries
(1872), and Leisure-Day Rhymes (1875). He died
at the home of liis son, Charles U. Saxe, in Albany,
N.Y.. March 31, 1887.

SAXTON, Joseph, inventor, was born in Hunt-
ingdon, Pa., March 22, 1799 ; son of James and
Hannah (Ashbaugh) Saxton. He worked in his
father's nail factory, learned the trade of watch-
making, made a printing press on which he
printed a small newspaper, removed to Phil-
adelpliia in 1817, where he carried on tlie busi-
ness of watch-malving, and invented a machine
for facilicp^ting the making of tlie wheels
for tlie works. With Isaiah Lukens he con-
structed an ingenious clock which gave the
movements of the planets, and he also made the
town clock placed in the belfry of Independence
Hall, Philadelphia. About 1828 he went to Lou-
don, where he became associated with the Ade-
laide Gallery of Practical Science, for which he
constructed several mechanical toys. He there
met Telford, Brunei, Whitwell, Hawkins and
Faraday, through whose influence lie was ad-
mitted to the meetings of the Royal institution.
In June, 1833, he demonstrated before the British
Association for the Advancement of Science, the
workings of his magneto-electric machine, cap-
able of decomposing water and of producing
brilliant electrical sparks and steady light by
bringing charcoal points near together. He also
invented a pulley for measuring the velocity of
vessels ; an air-gun witli metallic cartridge ; an
appai'atus for obtaining an electrical spark from
the magnetism of the earth ; another for measur-
ing the velocity of electricity, and several useful
articles. He also perfected the medal-ruling
machine, invented by Gobercht of the U.S. mint,
and was awarded the Scott legacy medal of the
Franklin Institute of Philadelphia, in 1834, for
his reflecting pyrometer. He declined the ofHce
of director of the printing machinery of the
Bank of England, and on his return to the United
States in 1837, he became curator of the
standard weighing apparatus of the U.S.
mint in Philadelphia, and superintended the
construction of standard balances, weights and
measures for the branch mints and assa}' offices of
the government. He also invented an automatic
machine for measuring the Iieight of the tides ;



one for determining the temperature of the deep
sea ; an immersed hydrometer ; and applied his
reflecting pyrometer to the construction of
measuring rods. He was awarded a gold medal
at the Crystal Palace fair, London, in 1851,
for a nearly precise balance. He was a mem-
ber of the Franklin Institute, and of the Ameri-
can Philosophical society, 1837-73, and a charter
member of the National Academy of Sciences,
1863, which society preserved his memoirs,
written by Joseph Henry, 1877. He was married
ill 1850 to Mary H. Abercrombie of Philadelphia,
Pa. He died in Washington, D.C., Oct. 36, 1873.
SAXTON, Rufus, soldier, was born at Green-
field, Mass., Oct. 19, 1834; son of Jonathan
Ashley and Miranda (Wright) Saxton ; grandson
of Rufus and Tirzah (Ashley) Saxton and of
Ashel and Mercy (White) Wright, and a great-
grandson of David and Rebecca (Barnard) Sax-
ton and of the Rev. Jonathan Ashley and Capt.
Salmon White of the Continental army of the
Revolutibn. He entered the U.S. Military acade-
my in 1845 and in 1849 was brevetted 2d lieuten-
ant, 3d artillery. He served in the Seminole
war and on Sept. 12, 1850. was commissioned 2d
lieutenant, 4th artillery. He did frontier duty
until 1853, when he was detailed to explore and
survey a route for the Northern Pacific railroad,
through the unknown Northwest, from the Mis-
sissippi river to the Pacific ocean. He was pro-
moted 1st lieutenant, March 3, 1855. served on the
coast survey, 1855-59, and was assistant instruc-
tor of artillery tactics, U.S. Military academy,
1859-60. In February, 1861, he went to the St.
Louis arsenal, took part in its defense, was pro-
moted captain, Maj- 13, 1861, appointed quarter-
master on General Lyon's staff, and under him
com-manded the I'egulars at the capture of Camp
Jackson. Before the battle of Wilson's Creek, he
was transferred to McClellan's staff in Virginia,
and after JlcClellan took the Army of the Potomac,
Captain Saxton was made chief-quartermaster of
Thomas W. Sherman's expeditionary corps, which
captured Port Royal, S.C. , Captain Saxton re-
mained at Port Royal as chief quartermaster of
the department of the South, and on April 15,
1863, was commissioned brigadier -general of vol-
unteers and given command of Harper's Ferry,
being there at the time Jackson made his attack
upon it, to gain time to remove his captured prop-
erty from Winchester to Staunton. General
Saxton received a medal of honor for his distin-
guished gallantry and good conduct in the de-
fense of Harper's Ferry. May 36-30, 1863. When
General Sigel took command of the forces at
Harper's Ferry, General Saxton was transferred
to Washington and in July, 1863, was appointed
military governor of the department of the South.
He enlisted several regiments of colored troopsi.



SAY



SAYLES



including Col. T.W. Higginson's regiment, the
first colored regiment ever regularly enlisted in
the U.S. service. General Saxton was made com-
mander of the Beaufort district, February, 1803,
and under protest superintended the colonization
of the freedmen on deserted estates. He was
married March 11, 1863, to Matilda Gordon, daugh-
ter of Lewis and Rosanna Thompson of Philadel-
phia. In January, 1865, he was relieved of his
other duties and made assistant commissioner of
the refugees, freedmen and abandoned lands for
the states of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida.



Online LibraryJohn Howard BrownLamb's biographical dictionary of the United States; → online text (page 135 of 145)