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nati, 1876, Chicago, 1880, and Chicago, 1888 ; and
a Republican representative from the eleventh
district of Iowa in the 52d, 53d, 54th and 55th con-
gresses, serving, 1891-99.




PERKINS, Qeorge Hamilton, naval officer,
was born in Hopkinton, N.H., Oct. 30, 1836 ; son
of Judge Hamilton Eliot and Clara Eartlett
(George) Perkins, and grandson of Roger Eliot
Perkins, and of John and Ruth (Bradley) George

of Concord, N.H.
His father, a gradu-
ate of Norwich uni-
versity, was judge of
probate for Merri-
mack county, 1855-
74. George Hamilton
Perkins was gradu-
ated at the U.S.
Naval academy in
1856, \yas appointed
acting master, Aug.
18, 1858, and served
on the Sabine, at
Montevideo, and on
the Sumter on a cruise
on the west coast
of Africa, 1859-61. He was promoted master,
Sept. 5, 1859, and lieutenant, Feb. 2, 1861 ; was
ordered to the Cayuga, fitting out in New York
navy yard and commanded by Napoleon B. Harri-
son (q.v.), December, 1861, and was second in
command of that vessel. Upon reaching Ship
Island, March 31, 1863, the Cayuga was made
flagship, and with Lieut. Perkins as pilot led the
first division of gunboats in the passage of Forts
Jackson and St. Philip, April 34, 1863. The
Cayuga received the first fire, passed under the
walls of Fort St. Philip, sank the Confederate
steamer Governor 3Ioore and the ram Manassas,
and on the morning of April 35, 1863, led the fleet
up the river and captured New Orleans, receiving
the surrender of the city with Capt. Theodoras
Bailey, the two officers walking alone and un-
guarded from the wharf to the city hall. He was
executive officer of the Cayuga, October, 1863-
June, 1863, and was promoted lieutenant-com-
mander, Dec. 31, 1862. He commanded the gun-
boat New London on the Mississippi, June-July,
1863, and ran the batteries at Port Hudson five
times ; commanded the Neio London, which in
company with the Cayuga blockaded Sabine Pass
from Jan. 22, 1863, and the Scioto on blockade
duty off the coast of Texas, July, 1863- April, 1864,
when he was ordered north, but volunteered to
assume command of the monitor Chickasaiv, in the
battle of Mobile Bay. When within fifty feet of the
stern of the Tennessee he planted 53 11-inch shot
On the most vulnerable part of the armored Con-
federate ram which effected her capture, and he
was largely instrumental in the reduction of Forts
Powell, Gaines and Morgan. He served as super-
intendent of iron-clads at New Orleans, 1865-66 ;
as executive officer of the Lackawanna in the

Pacific, 1866-69, and in the ordnance department
at the U.S. navy yard at Boston, Mass., 1869-71.
He was promoted commander, Jan. 19, 1871, and
on Marcli 3 was assigned to the command of the
U.S. store-ship Relief, to convey contributions to
the French, Jan. 29, 1876; He was on duty in
Boston as ordnance officer and as lighthouse in-
spector. He commanded the U.S.S. Ashuelot of
the Asiatic squadron, 1879-81 ; commanded the
torpedo station at Newport, R.I., in 1882, and was
promoted captain, March 10, 1882. He com-
manded the Hartford of the Pacific station, 1885-
86 ; was placed on the retired list, Oct. 1, 1891,
and was promoted commodore on the retired list,
May 9, 1896, for his distinguished services during
the rebellion. He was married in 1870 to Anna
Minot Weld of Boston, Mass. See " Letters of
George Hamilton Perkins, U.S.N.," edited and ar-
ranged by his sister and including a sketch of liis
life. His mother died in Concord in March, 1902.
His statue of heroic size executed by Daniel C.
French, on the Capitol grounds. Concord, N.H.,
the gift to the state by his daugliter, Mrs. Larz
Anderson, was unveiled April 25, 1903, being
presented to the state in behalf of the donor by
Rear-Admiral George E. Belknap, U.S. N. He
died in Boston, Mass., Oct. 28, 1899.

PERKINS, Qeorge Roberts, educator, was
born in Otsego county, N.Y., May 3, 1812 ; son of
Joseph and Alice (Roberts) Perkins, and grand-
son of George Roberts Perkins. He acquired hia
education through his own exertions, and became
proficient in mathematics and civil engineering.
He was employed on the slaokwater survey of
the Susquehanna river in 1830, and taught
mathematics in Clinton, N.Y., 1831-38. He waa
principal of the academy at Utica, N.Y., 1838-44 ;
professor of mathematics in the New York State
Normal school, 1844-48, and principal of the
normal school, 1848-53. He superintended the
erection of the Dudley observatory at Albany,
N.Y., 1853, and was deputy state engineer, 1858-
62. He received the honorary degree of A.M. in
1838 and that of LL.D. in 1852 from Hamilton
college, and was a regent of the University of the
State of New York, 1862-76. He is the author
of: Higher Arithmetic (19ii:\); Treatise on Algebra
(1841) Elem-ents of Algebra (1844); Elements of
Geometry (1847); Trigonometry and Surveying
(1851); Plane and Solid Geometry (1854); a text-
book on astronomy, and many scientific articles.
He died in New Hartford, N.Y., Aug. 32, 1876.

PERKINS, James Breck, author and represen-
tative, was born in St. Crois, Wis., Nov. 4,
1847 ; son of Hamlet H. and Margaret A. (Breck)
Perkins, and a descendant of Breck, who landed in
Massachusetts about 1635. He removed with his
parents to Rochester, N.Y., in 1856 and was gradu-
ated from the University of Rochester in 1867.




He was admitted to the bar in December, 1868,
and was citj' attorney of Rochester, 1874-78. He
engaged in historical study in Paris, France, 1890-
03. He was a member of the New York assemblj'
1898, and a Republican representative from the
thirty-first district in the 57th and 58th con-
gresses, 1901-05. He was made a member of the
National Institute of Art, Science and Letters and
received from the University of Rochester tlie
liouorary degree of LL.D. in 1897. He is the
author of : France under liichelieu and Mazarin
(1887) ; France under the Regency (1892) France
under Louis XV. (1897) -.Richelieu (in"Heroesof
the Nation Series " 1960) and numerous contribu-
tions to periodicals.

PERKINS, Jennie Saunders, poet, was born
near Purdy, McNairy county, Tennessee, Aisril
8, 1832 ; daughter of Lindsey and Martha Ann
(Landretli) Saunders, and a descendant of Tliomas
Saunders and Elizabetli (Rook) Saunders, who
settled in Chatham
county, N.C., near
the close of the
eighteenth century.
Thomas was tlie son
of Benjamin Saun-
ders, a staunch Qua-
ker, and his wife was
a lineal descendant
on her father's side
of Admiral Rook of
the British navy, and
on her mother's side
of a younger brother
^U-ptA.ji:)^ J/^^iU^ of Lord Stanford, and
^ ' Marie Wills, of Ger-

many. The family
removed to McNairy county, Tenn. , in 1825. Her
first education was received from the common
schools and from her parents. She evinced a
literary taste at an early age, and before the civil
war many of her poems were published in the
leading papers of the South, over the signature
of "Jennie S.," and at once attracted attention.
Gen. Marcus J. Wright, a native of her county,
and a resident of Memphis, was prominent in the
business and literary circles of his adopted city,
and having seen some of her poems in current
papers, became interested in the success of his
former neighbor, and gave able advice and kindly
encouragement that made a marked impression
on her subsequent life and its work. In 1863 she
was married to E. D. M. Perkins, by whom she
had seven children. Even with the care and ed-
ucation of tliese, she continued her literary work.
In 1872 she received the second prize over forty-
nine contestants for the best poem on the Trenton
Massacre. The family removed to Florida in
1878, and while there some of her best poems, in-

cluding : From Tennessee to Florida, Lake Beau-
claire, Florida Winter, Summer on the St. Johns,
were published, and were widely copied through-
out the country, extracts from them appearing
in pamphlets and books. After a dozen years in
Florida Mr. and Mrs. Perkins went to reside in
Washington, where she continued to contribute
numerous poems, floral articles and biographical
sketches to leading papers and magazines. Hei-e
her lengthiest and most elaborate epic. Grant,
was also written. In 1903 she was engaged in
collecting her writings, published and unpub-
lished, with a view to issuing a volume of her
complete works.

PERKINS, Samuel Elliott, jurist, was born
in Brattleboro, Vt., Dec. 6, 1811; son of John
Trumbull and Hannah (Hurlburt) Perkins;
grandson of Caleb and Sarah (Trumbull) Perkins,
and a descendant of John Perkins, Ipswich,
Mass., 1633. He was left an orphan when five
years old and was brought wp by William Baker
on his farm in Conway, Mass. In 1834 he re-
moved to Penn Yan, N.Y., where he attended the
Yates County academy, and in 1836 to Richmond
Ind., where he was admitted to the bar in 1837
and published Tlie Jeffersonian, a Democratic
paper. He was married first, in July, 1838, to
Amanda Juliet, daughter of Joseph Pyle of Rich-
mond, Ind., and secondly to Lavinia Wiggins
Pyle, liis deceased wife's sister. He was nomi-
nated by Governor Whitcomb to a seat on the
supreme bench of the state in 1841, and again in
1842, but failed of confirmation in the senate. He
was prosecuting attorney for the sixth judicial
district of Indiana, 1843-45 ; a presidential elector
on the Polk and Dallas ticket in 1844, and was
judge of the supreme court of Indiana, 1845-64.
He removed to Indianapolis in 1847 ; was chosen
professor of law in the Northwestern Christian
university (Butler college) in 1857 ; was professor
of law in the Indiana State university, 1870-72,
and judge of the superior court of Marion county,
1872-76. He was again judge of the state supreme
court, 1876-79, and was serving as chief justice
at the time of his death. He is the author of : Digest
of Decisions of the Supreme Court of Indiana
(1858) ; and Pleadings and Practice under the Code
in the Courts of Indiana (1859). He died in
Indianapolis, Ind., Dec. 17, 1879.

PERKINS, Thomas Handasyd, philanthropist,
was born in Boston,, Dec. 15, 1764; son of

and Elizabeth (Peck) Perkins and grandson

of Edmund and Edna (Frothingham) Perkins
and of Thomas (Handasyd) Peck. His father
was a merchant, and his mother a founder of
the Boston female asylum. He was prepared for
Harvard by the Rev. Mr. Shute of Hingham, but
did not matriculate, determining to engage in
commercial pursuits. He was trained in a




Boston counting room in 1785, visited and en-
gaged in business with his brother James in Santo
Domingo, and returned soon after as the Boston
agent of liis brother's house. He was married in
1788, to Sarah, daugliter of Simon Elliot. He
formed a partnership with liis brother James in
Boston in 1793, which continued till the latter's
death in 1833, and in the meantime establislied a
house in Canton under the name Perkins &
■Co. He traveled in Europe, 1794-95, was made
president of tlie Boston Branch of the Bank of
the United States in 1796, but resigned the next
year and was succeeded by George Cabot. He
was elected to the Massacliusetts senate in 1805
and for nearly twenty years thereafter, serving
in one or the other branch of the state legislature.
He was a projector of the Quincy railroad, the
first in the United States, in 1837, and retired
from business with a large fortune in 1838. He
was prominent in establishing the Massachusetts
general hospital with an asylum for the insane,
and about 1813 donated his mansion house on
Peaid Street, worth S'JOjOOO, for a blind asylum,
which was the foundation of the Perkins Institu-
tion for the Blind in 1853. The condition of the
gift was that $.50,000 should be raised as a fund for
its support. With other members of his family
he gave more than $60,000 to the Boston Athen-
senm, and was the largest contributor to the
Mercantile Library association. He also contrib-
uted to the erection of Bunker Hill monument
-and toward the completion of the Washington
monument. His diaries of travel and autobio-
graphical sketches were partly preserved in
Thomas G. Gary's " Memoir of Thomas H. Per-
kins" (1856) and he published a small book in-
tended to teach the art of reading to the blind
(1837) the Gospel of St. John, for the blind (1834),
and afterward several other books for the blind.
He died in Brookline, Mass., Jan. 11, 1854.

PERLEY, Ira, jurist, was born in Boxford,
Mass., Nov. 9, 1799; son of Samuel and Phebe
(Dresser) Perley ; grandson of Maj. Asa and
Susanna (Low) Perley, and a descendant of
Allen Perley, a native of Wales, who immigrated
to New England, settled first at Charlestown in
1630, and in Ipswich in 1635 and was married in
1635 to Mjs. Susanna Bokeson. Ira Perley was
prepared for college in Bradford academy,
graduated at Dartmouth college A.B., 1833, A.M.,
1835, and was a tutor there, 1833-35. He studied
law under Benjamin J. Gilbert of Hanover,
N. H., and Daniel M. Christie of Dover, was ad-
mitted to the bar in 1837, and settled in practice
in Hanover, N. H. He was treasurer of Dart-
mouth college, 1830-35 ; represented Hanover in
the state legislature in 1834, removed to Concord
in 1836, and served as a representative In the
:state legislature in 1839 and in 1870. He was an

associate judge of the superior court of New-
Hampshire, 1850-53 ; chief justice of tlie superior
court, 1855-59 and 1864-69, and in 1869 resumed
practice as a consulting lawyer. He received
the honorary degree LL.D. from Dartmouth in
1853. He was married in June, 1840, to Mary S.,
daughter of John Nelson of Haverhill, Mass. He
is the author of : A Charge to the Grand Jury •
A Eulogy on Daniel Webster, and An Address at
the Dartmouth Centennial. He died at Concord,
N.H., Feb. 36, 1874.

PERRIN, Bernadotte, educator, was born in
Goshen, Conn., Sept. 15, 1847 ; son of Lavelatte
and Ann Eliza (Comstock) Perrin ; grandson of
Aaron and Lois (Lee) Perrin, and of William
and Ann (Keeler) Comstook, and a descendant
of Thomas Perrin, who came from England to
Lebanon, Conn., in 1709, and, on the same side,
of John Poi'ter, who came to Windsor, Conn., in
1639, He was graduated from Yale in 1869 ;
taught in the high school at Hartford, Conn.,
and was tutor at Yale, 1869-76. He studied at
the Universities of Tubingen, Leipzig and Berlin,
1876-78 ; was again tutor at Yale in 1878, assistant
principal of the Hartford high school, 1879-86,
professor of Greek at Western Reserve university,
1881-93, and was appointed professor of Greek
language and literature at Yale in 1893. He
was married, Aug. 17, 1881, to Luella, daughter
of James J. Perrin of Lafayette, Ind., who died
in 1889 ; and secondly, Nov. 35, 1893, to Susan,
daughter of Charles S. Lester of Saratoga, N.Y.
He was president of the American Philological
association in 1897. He edited : Caesar's Civil
War (1883) ; Homer's Odyssey (Books I.-IV.,
1889 ; V.-VIII. 1894) ; School Odyssey, eight books
and vocabulary (1897); Plutarch's Themistocles
and Aristides (1901), and contributed articles on
Greek and Roman history and literature to
scientific journals.

PERRY, Alfred Tyler, educator, was born in
Geneseo, 111., Aug. 19, 1858; son of George
Bulkley and Maria Louise (Tyler) Perry ; grand-
son of Dr. Alfred and Lucy (Benjamin) Perry
and of Duty S. and Amy (Arnold) Tyler, and a
descendant of Arthur Perry of Stratford, Conn,
(supposed to be the son of Arthur Perry of
Boston, 1638); of Job Tyler of Andover, Mass.,
(1650), and of William Pynchon, settler of
Springfield, Charles Chaunoey, Boston, 1635, the
Rev. Gershom Bulkeley of Wethersfield, Conn.
(1636), Capt. Richard Lord of Hartford, 1636,
and other early settlers. He was graduated from
Williams college, A.B., 1880, A.M., 1891, and
from the Hartford Theological seminary in
1885. He was ordained to the Congregational
ministry in 1886 and was appointed assistant
pastor of the Memorial church at Springfield,
Mass. , in 1886. He was married, April 13, 1887,




to Anna, daughter of Jonathan Flynt Morris of
Hartford, Conn. He was pastor of the East
Congregational church, Ware, Mass., 1887-90;
professor of bibliology and librarian of Hartford
Theological seminary, 1891-1900, and was elected
president of Marietta college, Ohio, in 1900. The
honorary degree of D.D. was conferred on him
by Williams college in 1901. He is the author
of: A Handy Harmony of the Gospels (3d ed.,
1893), and The Pre-eminence of the Bible as a
Book (1899).

FERRY , Benjamin Franklin, governor of South
Carolina, was born in the Pendleton district,
S.C., Nov. 20, 1805; son of Benjamin and Anne
(Foster) Perry, and grandson of Lieut. John
Foster of Virginia, an officer in the Continental
army. Benjamin Perry was a native of Massa-
chusetts ; was a sol-
dier in the Revolu-
tionary army ; re-
moved to Charleston,
S.C, in 1784, and en-
gaged in jilanting in
Greenville. Benja-
min Franklin Perry
was brouglit up on
the plantation and
attended a classical
school in Asheville,
N.C., 1831-24. He
then studied law un-
der Judge Earl in
Greenville and Col.
James Gregg in Col-
umbia. He was admitted to the bar in Greenville
in 1827 and in 1833 took charge of the editorial de-
partment of the Greenville Mountaineer and made
the paper the organ of the Union party in that
state, in opposition to the teachings of John G.
Calhoun. He was a delegate to the Union state
convention at Columbia in 1882, and was defeated
as a candidate for representative in the -24111
congress in 1834 by Waddy Thompson, Jr. He
was married in 1837, to Elizabeth Frances,
daughter of Hext McCall of Charleston. He
represented Greenville in the state legislature,
1886-43 ; was a state senator, 1844-60 ; an elector
at large on the Cass and Butler ticket in 1849,
and one of the organizers of the Greenville and
Columbia railroad. In 1850 he established at
Greenville the Southern Patriot, which was the
only Union newspaper in the state. In tlie same
year he made a stirring Union speech in the
state legislature, and was a member of tlie
Democratic state convention in 1851. He was a
delegate to the Charleston Democratic national
convention in 1860, and although opijosed to
secession accepted the situation when that
ordinance was adopted by his state. He was a



member of the state legislature, a commissioner
under the Confederate government to regulate
prices, and a district attorney and district judge
during the war. He was appointed provisional
governor of South Carolina by President Johnson
in 1865, filling the office six months ; was elected
to the U.S. senate from South Carolina in 1866 ;
presented his credentials Feb. 28, 1866, but lilie
the other southern senators was denied his seat ;
and was a delegate to the Democratic national
conventions of 1868 and 1876. He was a trustee
of the Medical College of Charleston, S.C. He
contributed to the press, and is tlie author of :
Reminiscences of Public Men (1883) and left in
manuscript several sketches of American states-
men, afterwards edited, enlarged and publislied
by his wife, with a sketch of his life and intro-
duction by Wade Hampton (1887). He died in
Greenville, S.C, Dec. 3, 1886.

PERRY, Bliss, editor, was born in Williams-
town, Mass., Nov. 25, 1860; son of Arthur
Latham and Mary (Smedley) Perry ; grandson
of the Rev. Baxter and Lydia (Gray) Perry, and
of Dr. James and Lucy (Bridges) Smedley, and a
descendant of John Perry, who came from Lon-
don to America about 1666. He was gradu-
ated from Williams college, A.B., 1881, A.M.,
1888, studied at Berlin and Strassburg universi-
ties, Germany ; was professor of elocution and
English at Williams college, 1886-96, and pro-
fessor of oratory and eesthetic criticism at Prince-
ton vmiversity, 1893-99. He was married in
1888 to Annie L., daughter of F. R. Bliss, of New
Haven, Conn. In 1899 he became editor of tlie
Atlantic Monthly, Boston, Mass. The honorary
degree of L. H D. was conferred on him by
Princeton university in 1900, and by Williams
college in 1903. He edited selections from
Burke ; Scott's Woodstock and Ivanhoe, and
Little Masterpieces, and is the author of : The
Broughton House (1890); Salem Kittredge and
Other Stories (1894); The Plated City (1895);
The Powers at Play (1899), and A Study of Prose
Fiction (1902). In 1902 he delivered the Cliarter
Day address at the University of California,

PERRY, David Brainerd, educator, was born
in Worcester, Mass., March 7, 1839; son of
Samuel and Mary (Harrington) Perry. He
attended the high school at Worcester ; was
graduated from Yale, A.B., 1863, A.M., 1866,
B.D., 1867, and was a tutor at Yale, 1865-67. He
was married, in 1876, to Helen Doane, of Cliarles-
town, Mass. He was a tutor at Doane college,
Crete, Neb., from its foundation in 1873-73;
professor of Latin and Greek, 1873-1881 ; a trustee
from 1884 ; member of tlie executive committee
from 1895 ; Perry professor of mental and
moral philosophy, 1881-90 ; professor of mental





philosophy and history from 1890, and was
elected president of the college in 1881. The
honorary degree of D.D. was conferred upon
him by Yale in 1898.

PERRY, Edward Aylesworth, governor of
Florida, was born in Richmond, Mass., March 15,
1831 ; son of Asa and Philura (Aylesworth)
Perry ; grandson of the Rev. David and Jerusha
(Lord) Perry, and a descendant of Arthur Perry,
^^^ Boston, 1630, member

H y*^^^^ of the Ancient and

I / ^^ Honorable Artillery

I Wk **^ L^H company, 1638, and

H W ^Ki %^^ ^^ Arthur Ayles-

B JJ-s^ t M&il worth, North King-

■ JraK. .^.rJ ston, R.I., 1681.

Edward Aylesworth
Perry matriculated
at Yale college in the
class of 1854, but left
in 1855 ; went to
Alabama, where he
studied law, and
practiced in Pensa-
cola, Fla., 1857-61.
At the beginning of
the civil war he recruited a company for the 2d
Florida infantry and was commissioned succes-
sively captain, major and lieutenant-color el. On
the death of Col. George T. Woods at the battle
of Williamsburg, May 5, 1862, he succeeded to
tlie command of the regiment which was as-
signed to Garland's bi-igade, D. H. Hill's division,
Longstreet's wing of Johnston's army. In the
battle of Seven Pines, May 31-June 1, 1862, the
regiment was in Pryor's brigade, Anderson's di-
vision, Longstreet's corps, and also in the seven
days' battle before Richmond. He was wounded
at Frayser's Farm, June 30, 1862, but rejoined his
brigade at Antietam. He was promoted briga-
dier-general and commanded the 2d, 5th and 8th
Florida regiments in Anderson's division at Fred-
ericksburg, Chancellorsville and Gettysburg. His
brigade at Gettysburg was conspicuous for the
mortality of its men, losing the largest number
of any brigade on the Confederate side. He was
wounded a second time after distinguisliing him-
self in the Wilderness campaign by driving back
Burnside's troops on the Orange Plank road, May
5, 1864. He was unabie to resume command of
his brigade, and after the war resumed the
practice of law in Pensacola. In 1884 he was
elected governor of Florida by the Democratic
party for the term expiring Dec. 31, 1888. In
1887 he was a prominent candidate before the
Democratic caucus of the Florida legislature for
U.S. senator, and after 100 ballots with no choice
between himself and Ex-Governor Bloxham, both
withdrew their names. Upon the expiration of

his term as governor, he continued the practice
of law, and while on a visit to Kerrville, Texas,
died there Oct. 15, 1889.

PERRY, Enoch Wood, artist, was born in
Boston, Mass., July 31, 1830 ; son of Enoch Wood
and Hannah Knapp (Dole) Perry ; grandson of
John and Lucy (Burkes) Perry, and of Samuel
and Katherine (Wigglesworth) Dole, and great-
grandson of Col. Edward Wigglesworth, an inti-
mate friend of Gen. George Washington. Three
of his ancestors were professors of theology at
Harvard. He removed in 1848 to New Orleans,
La., where he studied art, continuing his studies
in Diisseldorf and Paris, 1852-55, and in Rome and
Venice, 1855-58, and serving as U.S. consul at
Venice, 1856-58. He opened a studio in Philadel-
phia, Pa., in 1859 ; traveled through the southern
and Pacific states ; sailed for the Sandwich Is-
lands from San Francisco in 1863, and settled in
New York city in 1865. He was elected an asso-
ciate of the National Academy of Design in 1868,
an academician in 1869, recording secretary of
the same, 1871-73, and of the American Art union,
1882-83 ; and a member of the American Water-

Online LibraryJohn Howard BrownLamb's biographical dictionary of the United States; → online text (page 48 of 145)