John Howard Brown.

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N.Y., 1856-67 ; and in 1867 became a member of
the law firm of Smith, Bancroft & Moak in
Albany, N.Y. He made a reputation as a trial
lawyer in the case of Joseph H. Ramsay versus
James Fisk, Jr., and Jay Gould, for the possession
of the Susquehanna railroad, in which he ap-
peared as counsel for the plaintiff. He was dis-
trict attorney of Albany county, 1873-75. He
lectured before the Albany Law school upon
" Books, Their Use and Abuse," and " Courts and
Judicial Systems." He collected a large law
library containing all the English, Scotch, Irish
and Canadian reports ; all the state and Federal
reports, besides law periodicals and text books.
This library was purchased by the widow and
daughter of Judge Douglass Boardman, former
dean of the law faculty of Cornell, 1887-91, and
justice of the New York supreme court, and
presented to the law school of Cornell university
in 1893. He contributed articles upon Bribery
and Capital Punishment to the encyclopaedias,
wrote for various legal periodicals, and published :
Clarke's Chancery Reports with notes (1869);
MoaWs English Reports (35 vols., 1872-84);
Moak's English Digest (3 vols., 1872), and Moak's
Edition of Van Santvoord's Pleadings (1873).
He died in Albany, N.Y., Sept. 17, 1893.

MOELLER, Henry, R, C. bishop, was born in
Cincinnati, Ohio, Dec. 11, 1849; son of Bernard
and Teresa (Witte) Moeller. He attended St.
Joseph's parochial school, Cincinnati, Ohio, 1856-
63 ; St. Francis Xavier college, Cincinnati, 1863-69,
and studied philosophj' and theology, Rome,
Italy, 1869-76. He was ordained in the church of
St. John Lateran, Rome, June 10, 1876 ; was
pastor of St. Patrick's, Bellefontaine, Ohio, 1876-
77 ; professor at Mt. St. Mary's seminary, 1877-
79 ; temporary secretary to Bishop Chatard,
Indianapolis, Ind., 1879-80, and chancellor of the




arch-diocese of Cincinnati and secretary to Arch-
bishop Elder, 1880-1900. He was consecrated
bishop of the diocese of Cohimbus, Ohio, Aug. 36,
1900, succeeding the Rt. Rev. John Ambrose
Watterson, who died, April 17, 1899. The honor-
ary degi'ee of D.D. was conferred on him by tlie
propaganda at Rome in 1870.

MOELLER, Louis Frederick Charles, artist,
was born in New York city, Aug. 5, 18.'55 ; son of
Charles and Helene (Weyhe) JMoeller, grandson
of Louis and Eva Wej'he, and a descendant of
Karl Moeller of Kiel (Holstein), Germany. His
father was a decorative painter, and Louis studied
the art under his instruction. He studied draw-
ing in New Yorli under Professor Willmarth at
the National Academy of Design. 1869, and at
Munich, Germany, under Franlc Duveneck and
Theodor Dietz, 1874 He returned to the United
States in 1880 and not having the means to estab-
lish himself as an artist, devoted himself to de-
corative painting for several years. His first
painting exhibited at the National Academy was
" A Girl in a Snow-Storm " (1882) ; his second,
■"Puzzled" (1884), took the Hallgarten prize.
He opened a studio in New York city in 1883, and
•devoted himself to genre painting. He was elected
an associate of the National Academy of Design
in 1884 and an academician in 1894. He was
married, Jan. 14, 1891, to Mrs. Marianne Hennins,
■daughter of Dr. Borasfeldt, of Hanover. His
paintings include : Morning News (1885) ; Stub-
born (1886) ; A Siesta (1888) ; A Doubtful Invest-
ment (1889) ; Bluffing (1890).

MOERDYKE, Peter, educator and clergyman,
was born in Biervliet, Province of Zeeland,
Netherlands, Jan. 29, 1845 ; son of James and
Maria (Faas) Moerdyke. His ancestry is both
Huguenot and Dutch. His parents came to
America in 1849 and settled in Michigan. He at-
tended the district schools of Kalamazoo, 1851-
57 ; Holland academy at Holland, Mich., 1859-62 ;
and was graduated from Hope college, Holland,
Mich., A.B., 1866, A.M., 1869. He studied at the
Theological Seminary of the Reformed Church in
America at Holland, Mich. , 1866-69 ; was ordained
and installed as pastor of the Reformed churches
•of Macon and South Macon, Mich., in June, 1869 ;
was assistant professor of Greek and Latin in
Hope college, 1871-73 ; pastor of the First Re-
formed church at Grand Rapids, Mich., 1873-91;
and was appointed pastor of Trinity Reformed
church at Chicago, 111., in 1891. During his
pastorate at Grand Rapids he was appointed by
the General Synod of the Reformed Church in
America lector in Biblical Greek and exegesis,
and served as such, 1884-86. He was elected
stated clerk of the board of superintendents of
the Seminary at Holland, Mich., in 1883; stated
clerk of the particular synod of Chicago in 1885 ;

stated clerk of the classis of Illinois in 1895, and
served as a member of the council of Hope college
for many years. He was vice-president of the
General Synod of the Reformed church in 1888.
He was twice married, first on Sept. 1, 1869, to
Fannie J. Guy, of Holland, Mich., who died in
July, 1880, and secondly on June 4, 1883, to Maria
Perry of Troupsburg, N.Y. The honorary degree
of D.D. was conferred on him by Heidelberg
university. Tiffin, Ohio, in 1889. He frequently
delivered addresses and sermons in the Dutch
language. He is the author of : History of the
Churches and Benevolent Associations and Insti-
tutions of Grand Rapids, Mich. (1890), and
numerous contributions in the Dutoh and Eng-
lish languages to the leading periodicals.

MOFFAT, Edward Stewart, engineer, was
born in Oxford, Ohio, Jan. 5, 1844 ; son of James
Clement and Ellen (Stewart) Moffat. He was
matriculated at the College of New Jersey in the
class of 1863, but left college in September, 1861,
to enlist in the 9 th New Jersey volunteers and
was promoted 2d lieutenant. May 16, 1862, and on
March 3, 1863, was appointed to the signal corps.
He was bre vetted first lieutenant and captain , and
was mustered out Aug. 11, 1865. He received his
degrees, A.B., 1863, A.M., 1866, with his class, and
was graduated at the Columbia School of Mines,
New York city, E.M., 1868, first in his class and
gold medalist. He was adjunct professor of
mining and metallurgy at Lafayette college,
Easton, Pa., 1868-70. Through the friendship of
Alexander Pardee he was put into railroad
work, and served as superintendent of the Port
Oram iron works at Dover, N.J. , 1870-76 ; of the
Secaucus iron works, at Seoaucus, N.J., 1876-78,
and of the Muskenetcong iron works at Stanhope,
N.J., 1878-82. He was superintendent of the
Lackawanna Iron and Coal company at Scranton,
Pa., 1882-87 ; general manager of the company,
1887-92, and president and general manager,
1892-93. He was a member of, and held oflSces in,
the American Institute of Mining Engineers, to
whose transactions he contributed scientific
papers. He was married, Oct. 16, 1872, to Anna
Robeson, daughter of Prof. W. McCartney, of
Easton, Pa., and had sons, Edward Stuart Moffat
and Douglas Maxwell Moffat. He died at Scran-
ton, Pa., Aug. 4, 1893.

MOFFAT, James Clement, educator, was
born in Glencree, Gallowayshire, Scotland, May
30, 1811 ; son of David Douglas and Margaret
(Clement) Moffat, persons of humble station. He
was a shepherd boy until 1837, and worked at
the printer's trade, 1828-33, meantime preparing
himself for college. He immigrated to the
United States in 1833 : entered the College of
New Jersey at the expense of a Mr. Douglas, and
was graduated valedictorian, A.B., 1835, A.M.,




1838. Pie was a tutor in a family in New Haven
and post graduate student at Yale, 1835-37 ; a
tutor in Greek at the College of New Jersey,
1837-39 : pi'ofessor of Latin and Greek at Lafay-
ette college, Pa., 1839-41, and of Roman lan-
guage and literature and of modern history at
Miami university, Ohio, 1841-53. He was licensed


to preach by the presbytery of Oxford, Ohio, in
January, 1851 ; ordained in October, 1851 ; was pro-
fessor of Greek and Hebrew in tlie Cincinnati The-
ological seminary, 1852-53, and professor of Latin
language and history in the College of New Jersey,
1853-54, of Greek language and hterature, 1854-63,
and lecturer on Greek literary history there, 1861-
77. He was Helena professor of church history
in Princeton Theological seminary, 1861-88, and
professor emeritus, 1888-90. He received the de-
gree D.D. from Miami in 1853. He was married,
first, Oct. 13, 1840, to Ellen, daughter of Johnand
Elizabeth Stewart of Easton, Pa. She died,
July 15, 1849, and he was married, secondly, to
Mary B., daughter of Professor Thomas J. Mat-
thews of Miami university, Ohio. By his first
marriage he had three children : a son and
daughter who died in infancy, and a son, Edward
Stewart (q.v.), and by his second marriage ten
children : two sons and a daughter, who died in
infancy ; James Douglas, Princeton, 1873, archi-
tect. New York city ; Henry, physician, Yonkers,
N.Y. ; Alexander, Princeton, 1884, electrical en-
gineer and foot-ball authority ; William David,
and three daughters. He was the author of : A
Rhyme of the North Country (1847) ; Life of Dr.
Chalmers (1853); Introduction to the Study of
^Uhetics nSHQ, 2d edition, 1860); Comparative
History of Religions (1871-73) ; Smig and Scenery,
or a Summer Ramble in Scotland (1874) ; Alruyn,
a Romance of Study (poem. 1875) ; The Church in
Scotland (1882): Church History in Brief (1885);
The Story of a Dedicated Life (1887). He died
in Princeton, N.J., June 7, 1890.

MOFFAT, James David, educator, was born in
New Lisbon, Ohio, March 15. 1846 : son of the
Rev. John and Mary Ann (JIcNeelan) Moffat;
grandson of James Moffat of Scotland, and of
George McNeelan of Homewortli, Ohio. He was


graduated at Washington and Jefferson college,.
A.B., 1869 ; studied at Princeton Theological
seminary, 1869-71 ; was licensed to preach, April
14, 1871, and ordained by the presbytery of Wash-
ington, May 8, 1873. He was a stated supply at
the Second Presbyterian
church. Wheeling, W. Va.,
of which his father was pas-
tor, 1871-73 ; was assistant
pastor there, 1873-75, and
succeeded his father as pas-
tor, 1875-82. He was married ,
Sept. 6, 1876, to Elizabeth
Dalzell, daughter of Henry Crangle of Wheeling,
W.Va. He was elected president of Washington
and Jefferson college, Nov. 16, 1881, assumed the
presidency, Jan. 1, 1882, and was officially inaug-
urated, June 20, 1883. He received the degree of
D.D. from Hanover college, Indiana, in 1883 ; from
the College of New Jersey in 1883, and that of
LL.D. from the Western University of Pennsyl-
vania in 1897. He was an editorial contributor
of the Presbyterian Banner at Pittsburg, Pa.,
1893-99, and became one of its editors in 1900.

MOHR, Charles (Carl) Theodor, botanist, was
born in Esslingen, Wiirtemberg. Germany, Dec.
38, 1824 ; son of Louis M. Mohr. He attended
scientific schools in Germany and was a member
of August Kappler'c exploring expedition ta
Dutch Guiana in 1845. He immigrated to America
upon tlie outbreak of the California gold fever in
1849, and engaged in business as a pharmacist at.
Louisville, Ky., 1853-57, and at Mobile, Ala., 1857-
93. He was married, March 12, 1852, to Sophia
Roemer of Louisville. He explored the forests of
the Gulf states for the 10th census, 1880-81, and
in 1893 he retired from business and engaged in
forestry and botanical research. He was chosen
botanist of the geological survey of Alabama in
1884 and was elected agent of the forestry divi-
.sion of the U.S. department of agriculture in

1889. The honorary degree of Pli.D. was con-
ferred on him by the University of Alabama in

1890. He was elected a corresponding member
of the Philadelphia Academy of Science ; the-
Torrey Botanical club of New York ; the Massa-
chusetts Horticultural society ; the Philadelphia
College of Pharmacy ; was an honorary member
of the state pharmaceutical associations of Loui-
siana, Missouri and Ohio ; a member of the com
mittee of revision of the U.S. Pharmacopoeia in
1890 ; a fellow of the American Association for
the Advancement of Science, and a non-resident
member of the Washington Academy of Sciences
and the Society of American Foresters. He is the
author of : The Timber Pines of the Southern
United States (1896); Plant Life of Alabama
(1901). and contributions to the National Her-
barium. He died in Asheville, N.C., July 17, 1901.



MOLDENKE, Charles Edward, Egyptologist,
was born in Lyok, East Prussia, Oct. 10, 1860 ;
son of the Rev. Edward Frederick and Elise
(Harder) Moldenke. He was brought to the
United States by his parents in 1861, was gradu-
ated at Columbia university, A.B., 1879, A.M.,
1882, and studied theology in the Lutheran Theo-
logical seminary at Philadelphia, Pa., 1879-80.
He was a student in the universities of Halle and
Strassburg, Germany, 1880-84, received the de-
gree Ph.D. from the latter in 1884, and made a
specialty of Egyptology, studying under Johannes
Diimichen. He returned to the United States in
1884, was ordained to the Lutheran ministry in
New York city in 1885, was pastor of Lutheran
churches in New York city, Jersey City Heights
and Mt. Vernon, N.Y., and devoted his leisure to
literary work. He resigned from the ministry,
December, 1900, to give all his time to Egyptology.
He was married, Sept. 26, 1894, to Sophia Meta,
daughter of John D. Heins of New York. He is
the author of : The Egyptian Origin of Our
Alphabet (1886) ; The Trees of Ancient Egypt
(1886); The New York Obelisk (1891); Tlie Tale of
the Two Brothers (1898); Egyptian Classics

MOLDENKE, Edward Frederick, educator
and clergyman, was born at Insterburg, East
Prussia, Aug. 10, 1836. He was graduated at the
college in Lyck in 1853, and studied theology at
the University of Konigsberg, 1853-55, and at the
University of Halle,
1855-57. He was
licensed to preach in
1857, and admitted to
the Lutheran minis-
try in 1858. He was
principal of the
church school at Eck-
ersberg. Prussia, in
1859, and instructor in
the gymnasium at
Lyck, 1859-61. He
was married, Oct. 2,
1859, to Elise, daugh-
ter of Councilor A.
Harder of Prussia.
He was sent as a
traveling missionary to the synod of Wisconsin
in July, 1861, and preached throughout Wisconsin
and Minnesota until 1864, when he became pro-
fessor of theology in the Theological Seminary of
the Wisconsin Synod at Watertown and professor
of German and mathematics in the Lutheran col-
lege at Watertown in 1865. He was pastor of a
German and Polish congregation in Johannis-
burg, East Prussia, 1866-69 ; and established
Zion's Lutheran church in New York city in 1869,
which was afterward united with St. Peter's

Lutheran church of wliioli he became pastor in
1871. He was elected president of the general
council of the Lutheran church in North America
in 1895. He received the degrees M. A. and Ph.D.
from the University of Rostock, Germany, in
1865, and D.D. from Muhlenberg college, Allen-
town, Pa., in 1887. He was editor of several
Lutheran papers, and established and edited
Siloah, the first and then only German monthly
for home missions, 1882-89. He was a member
of the select committee with Drs. Sohmuoker
and Spiith that prepared the German Kirchen-
buch. He contributed to a Berlin religious jour-
nal a series of articles entitled Five Years in
America (1868-70), and a Church History of Nem
York (1870-73). He edited Darstellung der mod-
ernen de.utschen Theologie vom Lutherischen
Standpunkte aws (1865), and is the author of:
Das heilige Vaterunser (1878); Luther-Biichlein,a,
poem (1879), and a collection of Lectures given
in Cooper Institute, New York.

MOLINEUX, Edward Leslie, soldier, was born
in London, England, Oct. 13, 1833 ; son of Will-
iam and Maria (Leslie) Molineux. He came to
the United States with his parents in 1834, and
settled in New York city. He was educated at
the Mechanics Society school in New York city,
and in 1854 joined the Brooklyn City Guard, 13th
Artillery. He enlisted as private in the 7th New
York volunteers in 1861, and was influential in
organizing the 33d regiment and the 11th brigade
of the New York national guard. He was com-
missioned brigade-major and subsequently lieu-
tenant-colonel in 1862 ; and in the same year or-
ganized for the war the 159th volunteers, and was
its lieutenant-colonel and colonel. He joined
General Banks in his expedition to New Orleans
in December, 1862, and was severely wounded in
the action at Irish Bend, April 14, 1863. and in-
valided to New York. He patroled the river
front of New York under General Butler during
the draft riots in July, 1863, returning to the
front as soon as his wounds permitted, the same
month. He served as assistant inspector-general
of the 19th army corps during the Red River cam-
paign on the staff of Gen. W. B. Franklin, and as
a commissioner for the exchange of prisoners ;
was made military commander of La Fourche
district. Louisiana, and organized the Louisiana
Union Scouts in 1864 ; was assigned to the com-
mand of the 3d brigade, 2d division, 19th army
corps, and also commanded a temporary division
of his own and the 3d brigade, 1st division, at
Monette's Ferry, where he was opposed by the
Confederate brigade of H. P. Bee. He com-
manded the 2d brigade, 3d division, 19th corps,
throughout tlie Shenandoah campaign, and w-as
brevetted brigadier-general of volunteers, Oct.
19, 1864, for gallantry at Fisher's Hill, Winches-




ter and Cedar Creek. He commanded Savannah,
Ga., January to June, 1865, and the district of
northern Georgia, with lieadquarters at Augusta,
June, 1865, and at tlie latter place received the
thanks of the inhabitants at tlie close of the war.
He was brevetted major-general of volunteers,
March 13, 1865, for gallant and meritorious serv-
ices during the war. He was appointed brigadier-
general of the nth brigade, N.Y. state militia in
1880, and was promoted major-general of the 3d
division in 1885. After the close of the war he
resumed his business as a manufacturer of paint
in New York city.

MOLINEUX, Marie Ada, author, was born in
Centreville, Alvarado county, Cal., granddaugh-
ter of James MoHard Kast Molineux of Boston
and a descendant of Robert Molineux of Boston,
born 1760. She removed to Boston and received
her early education at Cliauncy Hall school. She
was graduated from Boston university, A.B.,
1879, A.M., 1880, Ph.D., 1882, and studied at the
Massachusetts Institute of Technology. She de-
voted herself to the study of bacteriology ;
taught psychology ; was seci-etary of the Boston
Browning society, and gained recognition as a
lecturer on literary, artistic and scientific topics,
being perhaps best known as a leader in the
study of Browning. She is the author of : A
Phrase Book from the Poetic and Dramatic Works
■of Robert Browning (1896), and contributions to
various periodicals.

MOMBERT, Jacob Isidor, church historian,
was born in Cassel, Germany, Nov. 36, 1839. He
received his early education in his native place,
-and engaged in business in England. He studied
at the universities of Leipzig and Heidelberg, 1853-
56, was ordered deacon in the Established Church,
London, England, in 1856, and was sent to Can-
Ada, wliere he was ordained priest in 1857. He
was curate of Trinity church, Quebec, 1857-59,
and rector of St. James, Lancaster, Pa., 1859-70 ;
of St. Jolm's, Dresden, Gerjiiany, 1870-76 ; of
Christ church, Jersey City, N.J., 1877-79; of
St. John's, Passaic, N.J., 1879-83, and after 1883
devoted himself to literary work. He received
the degree of D.D. from the University of Penn-
sylvania in 1866. He was married, July 5, 1860,
to Emma Elizabeth, daughter of Dr. P. A. Muhl-
enberg of Lancaster, Pa. He translated Tholuck's
Psa/ms (1856), and Lange's Commentary on the
Catholic Epistles (1867) ; edited with prolegomena
Tyndale's Five Books of Moses from the edition
of 1530 in the Lenox library, New York city, to-
gether with the Pentateuch in the Vulgate,
Luther's and Matthew's Bible (1884). He is the
author of : Avthfntir History of Lancaster County,
Pa. (1868); Faith Victorious, or life of the Rev.
Johann Ebel. Archdeacon of Kotiigsberg, Prus-
sia (1883) ; Handbook of the English Versio7is of

the Bible, with comparative tables (1888) ; Great
Lives, a Course of History in Biography (1886) ;
History of Charles the Oreat (1888); Short His-
tory of the Crusades (1894) ; and Raphael's Sistine

MONAQHAN, James Charles, educator, was
born in Boston, Mass., Oct. 11, 1857; son of
James and Mary Ann O'Neill (Brown) Monaghan.
He was obliged to work for a living at an early
age and obtained employment in a cotton mill at
Salem, Mass., and later at Providence, R.I. He
attended evening soliools and' in 1873 entered
Mowry's academy. He was graduated from
Brown university in 1885. He was a member of
the city council and school board of Providence ;
canvassed the country for Grover Cleveland in
1884, and was U.S. consul at Mannheim, Germany,
1886-89. He was a student at Heidelberg, 1889-
90, and studied law and engaged in newspaper
work in the United States, 1890-93. He was
prominent in the canvass for Cleveland in 1893,
and was U.S. consul at Chemnitz, Saxony,
Germany, 1893-99. He was elected professor of
commerce at the University of Wisconsin in 1899.
He was a delegate to the World's commercial
congress of 1899, and delivered an address before
the convocation of the regents of the University
of New York in 1900.

MONAQHAN, John James, R. C. bishop, was
born in Sumter, S.C, May 33, 1856 ; son of Thomas
and Margaret (Began) Monaghan, who came from
Ireland in 1850. He attended St. Charles college,
Md., 1873-76, and St. Mary's Theological seminary,
Baltimore, Md., and was ordained priest at
Charleston, S.C, Deo. 19, 1880. He was assistant
priest at St. Joseph's, and later at St. Patrick's,
Cliarleston ; was rector at Greenville, S.C, 1883-
87 ; pro-rector at the Cathedral, Charleston, and
chancellor of the diocese, 1887-88. He was assist-
ant to the vicar-general at St. Patrick's, Charles-
ton, 1888-97, and was consecrated bishop of Wil-
mington in the Pro-Cathedral at Wilmington,
May 9, 1897, by Cardinal Gibbons, assisted by
Bishops Curtis and Northrop.

MONDELL, Frank Wheeler, representative,
was born in St. Louis, Mo., Nov. 6, 1860; son of
Ephraim and Nancy (Goold)Mondell. His parents
died before he readied the age of six, and he was
taken into the family of a. Congregational min-
ister who moved to Iowa, where he lived on a
farm until he was eighteen years old, and at-
tended the disti'ict school in winter, also receiv-
ing some instruction at home. He engaged in
mercantile business, in mining, and in railway
construction in various states and territories
until 1887, when he settled at New Castle,
Wyoming Territory, and engaged in the develop-
ment of coal mines and oil wells in and about
Newcastle and Cambria, and was influential iu




•establishing and building up the city of New
Castle of which he was mayor, 1888-95. He was
a member of the state senate, 1890-94, and presi-
dent of that body, 1893-94. He was a delegate to
the Republican national conventions of 1893 and
1900 ; was the representative at large from Wyo-
ming in the 54th congress, 1895-97 ; was assistant
commissioner of the General Land Office, 1897-
■99, and the representative at lai'ge from the state
in the 56th and 57th congresses, 1899-1903.

MONEY, Hernando de Soto, senator, was born
in Holmes county, Miss. , Aug. 26, 1839 ; son of
Peirson and Tr3'phena (Vardaman) Money, and
grandson of James and Mary (Pendry) Money,
.and of Jeremiah and Sarah (Smith) Vardaman.
His paternal ancestors were English, originally
Norman, the old spelling of the name being De
Morney : and his first ancestor in America landed
in New York. He was graduated at the Univer-
:sity of Mississippi, LL.B., 1860, and served in the
Confederate army up to Sept. 26, 1864, when he
was forced to resign on account of defective eye-
sight. He was married Nov. 5. 1863, to Claudia,
daughter of George Boddie of Hinds county. Miss.
He settled in law practice in Carollton, and also
■engaged in planting. He was a representative
from the fourth Mississippi district in the 44th,
45th, 46th, 47th and 48th congresses, 1875-85, and
in the 53d and 54th congresses, 1893-97. He was
.elected to the U.S. senate, January, 1896, for the
term beginning March 4, 1899. On Oct. 8, 1897,
he was appointed U.S. senator to fill the vacancy
caused by the death of Senator James Z. George,
Aug. 14, 1897, and in January, 1898, he was elected

Online LibraryJohn Howard BrownLamb's biographical dictionary of the United States; → online text (page 110 of 143)