John Howard Brown.

Lamb's biographical dictionary of the United States; online

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1656. He was prepared for college, but in 1845
engaged in the drug business in Newmarket,
N.H., and in 1848 established two drug stores,
one in Newmarket and one in Laconia. He also
bought a book-store in Dover, N.H.. in 18.50. and
developed in his three stores a large retail book
trade, adding to it a jobbing trade and a small
publishing business. He opened a drug store in
St. Peter, Minn., shortly afterward, and estab-
lished a banking house there, but I'eturned east
in 1857. He entered business in Boston, Mass.,
as a publisher in 1868, making a specialty of
literature for children and youth by American
authors. He also elevated the standard of
Sunday-school literature. In the fire of 1873 he
lost heavily. Wide Awake, Babyland, The
Pansy, Our Little Men and Women, Chautauqua
Young Folks' Journal, and Best Things, were his

contributions to periodical literature for youth.
He was influential in organizing the American
Institute of Civics. He was married July 25,
1860, to Ellen J., daughter of Joseph and Nancy
Morrill, of Dover, N.H., and secondly Oct. 4,
1881, to Harriet Mulford, daughter of Sidney M.
and Harriet (Mulford) Stone, of New Haven,
Conn. He died in Boston, Mass., March 18, 1893.
LOTHROP, George Van Ness, diplomatist,
was bom in Easton, Mass., Aug. 8, 1817 ; son of
Howard and Sally (Williams) Lothrop, and
a descendant of Jlark Lothrop, who came from
England to Salem, Mass., then to Duxbury, and
then to Bridgewa-
ter, previous to 1660.
He passed his fresh-
man year at Amherst,
and was graduated
from Brown, A.B.,
in 1828. He studied
at the Harvard Law
school for nearly a
year, and in 1839,
owing to ill health,
joined his brother,
the Hon. Edwin H.
Lothrop, on his farm
at Prairie Ronde,
Kalamazoo. Mich. In
1843 he resumed the
study of law, and was admitted to the Detroit
bar in 1844. He practised in Detroit, Mich.,
1844-56 ; was attorney-general of Michigan,
1848-51 ; recorder of Detroit, 1851 ; led the
Michigan delegation at the Democratic national
convention at Charleston, April 33, 1860, and was
a member of the state constitutional convention
in 1867. He was the unsuccessful Democratic
candidate for U.S. senator three times, and for
representative in twice. He was ap-
pointed U.S. minister to Russia by President
Cleveland in 1885, and resigned on account of
ill health in 1888. He was married May 13, 1847,
to Almira, daughter of Gen. Oliver and Anna
(Chapin) Strong, of Rochester, N.Y., and of their
two daughters, Anne married Baron Bartholdi
Hoj'uingen-Huene, of St. Petersburg, Russia, an
ofScer of the Chevalier Guards, and Helen married
the Rev. Dr. William Prall, of Detroit, Mich. Mr.
Lothrop received the degree of LL.D. from Bi'own
in 1873. He died at Detroit, Mich., July 13, 1897.
LOTHROP, Harriet Mulford, author, was
born in New Haven, Conn., June 33, 1844 ; daugh-
ter of Sidney M. and Harriet (Mulford) Stone,
and a descendant in the eighth generation from
the Rev. Thomas Hooker, founder of Connecticut.
She began to contribute to juvenile periodicals
in 1877. She adopted the pen name " Margaret
Sidney " and directed her literary work to the




instruction and amusement of children. She was that of LL.D. from Hamilton in 1885. He is the

married Oct. 4, 1881, to Daniel Lothrop (q. v.),
and made her summer home at " The Wayside,"
Concord, Mass. She was the founder and first
president of the National Society of the Children
of the American Revolution. She is the author
of : So as by Fire (1881) ; Five Little Peppers and
How tlieij Grew (1883) ; Half Year at Bivnckton,
(1883) ; The Pettibone Name (1883) ; Wliat the
Seven Did (1883) ; W/m told it to Me (1884) ;
Ballad of the Lost Hare (1884) : The Golden
West {1885); How They Went to Europe (1885);
Hester, and other New England Stories (1886) ;
The Mimtte-Man (1886) : Two Modern Little
Princes (1887) ; Dillij and the Captain (1887) ;
An Adirondack Cabin: Whittier with the Chil-
dren; Old Concord, Her Hij/lnrays and Byways ;
A Little Maid of Concord. Town ; A Historical
Romance of the American Revolution ; and many

LOTHROP, Samuel Kirkland, clergyman, was
born in Whitesboro, N.Y., Oct. 13, 1804 ; son of
John Hosmer and Jerusha (Kirkland) Lothrop ;
grandson of the Rev. Samuel Kirkland, mission-
ary to the Oneida Indians, who married Jerusha
Bingham ; great-grandson of the Rev. David and
Hannah (Perkins) Kirkland, and a descendantof
the Rev. John Lothrop, who came from England
in 1634 and settled first in Scituate and afterward
in Barnstable, Mass. He was virtually adopted
by his uncle, the Rev. Dr. John T. Kirkland
(q.v.), who assumed the charge of his education,
and he was graduated from Harvai-d, A.B., 1835,
and B.D., 1828. He preached in Washington,
D.C., 1838 ; in Beverly, Mass.; and was pastor of
the new Unitarian society at Dover, N.H., 1829-
34. He was married, June 8, 1839, to Mary Lyman
Buckminster. In June, 1834, he was inducted
as pastor of the Brattle Square church, Boston,
Mass., as successor to the Rev. Dr. Palfrey, and
served until 1876, when he resigned. Mrs. Lothrop
died Jan. 30, 1859, and he married secondly,
Nov. 33, 1869, Alice Lindsay, daughter of the Rev.
Abner and Catherine (Sedgwick) Webb. He
was a delegate to the Massachusetts constitu-
tional convention in 1853, a member of the Boston
school committee for twenty years, and chair-
man of the charitable society for the i-elief of
the widows and children of Congregational
ministers in Massachusetts and Maine. He was
an over.seer of Harvard, 1847-54 ; a lecturer in
the Harvard divinity school, 1871-73 ; was elected
a member of the Massachusetts Historical society
in 1854 ; and served as corresponding secretary
and as president of the Massachusetts Humane
society and as a member of the Society of the Cin-
cinnati and of the most important societies con-
nected with the Unitarian church. He received
"the degree of D.D. from Harvard in 1853, and

author of : Life of Samuel Kirkland, Missionary
to the Indians, in Sparks's "American Biogra-
phy," and The History of the Church in Brattle
Square. He died in Boston, Mass., June 13, 1886.

LOTT, John Abraham, jurist, was born in
Flatbush, L.I., N.Y.. Feb. 11, 1806 ; son of Abra-
ham and Blaria (Lott) Lott ; grandson of Jo-
hannes E. and Catharine (Vanderbilt) Lott ; great
grandson of Englebertand Maritie (Ditmas) Lott,
and a descendant of Peter Lott, who came from
Europe in 1653, settled in Flatbush, and was one
of the patentees named in the patent granted by
Lieutenant-Governor Thomas Dongan in 1685.
He was prepared for college at Erasmus Hall
academy, Flatbush, and graduated from Union
college in 1833. He was married to his cousin,
Catharine, daughter of Jeremiah and Lj'dia
(Lloyd) Lott. After practising law in New York
city a short time he formed a partnership with
Henry C. Murphy, transferred his office to Brook-
lyn and Judge John Vanderbilt was afterward
admitted to the firm. He was county judge of
Kings county, 1838^3 ; a member of the state as-
sembly, 1841 ; state senator, 1843-47 ; judge of the
supreme court of the state to fill the unexpired
term of Judge Rockwell, 1857-61, and by re-elec-
tion without opposition, 1861-69. In 1869 he was
elected a judge of the court of appeals, and not
long after, when a commission of appeals had
been authorized to clear away the accumulation
of cases in this court he was made the chief com-
missioner, an office which he held until 1875,
when the commission expired by limitation. He
vi'as appointed in 1875 a member of a committee
to draft a uniform law for the government of
cities in the state of New York. He received the
degree of LL.D. from Union college in 1859. He
was a member of the leading learned societies of
Brooklyn and an officer of various corporations.
He died in Flatbush, L. I., N.Y., July 20, 1878.

LOUD, Eugene Francis, representative, was
born in Abington, Mass., March 13, 1847. He
went to sea in 1860, and was in California in 1863,
where he enlisted in a cavalry batallion, which
was joined to the 8d Massachusetts cavalry, and
served in the Army of the Potomac and with
Sheridan in the Shenandoah valley. At the close
of the war he returned to California ; studied
law ; was in the customs service ; and engaged
in mercantile business. He was a representative
in the state legislature in 1884 ; cashier of the city
and county of San Francisco and a Republican
representative from the fifth district of California
in the 52d-57th congresses, 1891-1903.

LOUD, Frank Herbert, educator, was born in
Weymouth, Mass., Jan. 36, 1853; son of Francis
Elliot and Mary Tolman (Capen) Loud, and
grandson of Joseph and Thankful (Bates) Loud




and of Abraham and Mary (Tolnian) Capen. His
father had four ancestors in the Mayflowir com-
pany, including Elder William Brewster and John
Aldeu, and his mother was a descendant of Roger
Clap of Dorchester. He attended tlie public schools
of Weymouth, Mass., was graduated from Amherst
college. A.B., 1873, and studied one year eaoli at
Clark university, at Harvard, and at Haverford
college, Pennsylvania. He was Walker in-
fitructor in mathematics at Amherst, 1873-76, and
was elected professor of mathematics at Colorado
college in 1877. He was married, July 13, 1883.
to Mabel, daughter of Dr. Martin and Emma
(Danforth) AViley of Colorado Springs, Col. He
was elected a fellow of the American Association
for the Advancement of Science, and became
a member of the American Matliematical society
in 1891. He received the degree of A.M. from
Harvard university in 1899 and that of Ph.D.
from Haverford college in 1900. He published :
An Introduction to Geometry on the Analytical
Plan (1880) and contributed to various mathe-
matical journals.

LOUDENSLAQER, Henry Clay, representa-
tive, was born in ilauricetown, Cumberland
county, N.J., May 22, 1852 ; son of Samuel Paul
and Sarah (Haley) Loudenslager, and grandson
of Jacob and Elizabeth Loudenslager. He re-
moved with his parents to Paulsboro, N.J., in
1856, and received a common school education.
He worked on his father's farm until 1872, and
«ngaged in the produce commission business in
Philadelphia, 1872-82. He was elected clerk of
Gloucester county in 1882 and re-elected in 1887,
and was a Republican representative from the
first district of New Jersey in the 53d-57th con-
gresses. 1893-1903.

LOUQHLIN, John, R.C. bishop, was born in
Drumboneff, county Down, Ireland, Dec. 20,
1817 ; son of a tenant farmer who came to the
United States with his family in 1823, and settled
in Albany, N.Y. John attended the public
schools ; a boarding school at Chambly, Canada;
:Mount St. Mary's college, Emmitsburg, Md. ;
taught at Mount St. Mary's for several years,
and was ordained priest in St. Patrick's cathedral.
New York city, by Bishop Hughes, Oct. 18, 1840.
He was assistant in St. John's parish, Utica, N.Y. ,
1840-42 ; assistant priest at St. Patrick's cathe-
dral, 1842-44; and rector there, 1844-53. He
was appointed vicar-general of the diocese of
New York in 1849, and in 1853 accompanied
Archbishop Hughes to the first plenary council
of Baltimore as his theologian. He was conse-
crated bishop of the newly established diocese
of Brooklyn, in St. Patrick's cathedral. New
York, city, Oct. 30, 1853, by Archbishop Cajetan
Bedini. assisted by Bishops Rappe and Fitzpat-
i-ick, and was formally installed in St. James's

church. Jay street, Brooklyn. He built one
hundred and nine churches on Long Island,
and established hospitals, homes, orphanages,
convents, and academies. He purcliased a city
block of land on which to erect a new cathedral
in 1800, and laid the

corner stone June 21,

1868. He attended
the council of the
Vatican at Rome in

1869, and became
domestic prelate to
the pope. He made
a second visit to
Rome in 1880, ob-
tained a special au-
dience with the pope,
and presented him
with 33,000 francs as
Peter's pence from
the diocese of Brook-
lyn. He was invited
to attend the pope's golden jubilee, but sent
one of the priests of his diocese in his stead
with the gift of an album containing photo-
graphs of all the churches and institutions of his
diocese, with data of the progress of the church
on Long Island. His own golden jubilee occurred
in October, 1890, and was celebrated four days.
He was presented with a purse of §37,000 with
wliich he endowed St. John's Theological semi-
nary. He died in Brooklyn. N.Y., Dec. 29, 1891.

LOUQHRIDQE, William, representative, was
born in Youngstown, Ohio, July 11, 1827. He at-
tended the public school, studied law, and was ad-
mitted to the bar in 1849. He practi-sed in Mans-
field, Ohio, 1849-52 ; and in Oskaloosa, Iowa,
1852-61. He was a member of the Iowa senate,
1857-60 ; was judge of the 6th judicial district of
Iowa, 1861-67, and a Republican representative
from the sixth Iowa district in the 40th, 41st
and 4.Sd congresses, 1867-71 and 1873-75. He
died near Reading, Pa., Sept. 26, 1889.

LOUNSBURY, George Edward, governor of
Connecticut, was born in Poundridge, West-
chester county, N.Y., May 7, 1838 ; son of Nathan
and Delia (Scofield) Louns-
bury, grandson of Enos
Lounsbury, and a descendant
in the sixth generation of
Richard Lounsbury, of Louns-
bourgh, England, who settled
at Stamford, Conn., about
1651. He removed with his
parents to Ridgefield, Conn,
infant. He prepared himself for college, was
graduated from Yale with high honors in 1863,
from the Berkeley Divinity .school. Middle-
town, in 1866 ; and in 1867, with his brother

when he was an



Phineas C. Lounsbury (q. v.), engaged in the
shoe manufacturing business in South Nor-
walk, Conn. In 1895 lie was elected as a
Republican a state senator, and was re-elected in
1897, serving as cliairnian of the committees on
finance and humane institutions. In 1898 he was
elected governor of Connecticut, and served for
two years, untilJanuary, 1901, when he was suc-
ceeded by George P. McLean. He received the
honorary degree of LL.D. from Wesleyan uni-
versity in 1900. He became an acknowledged
authority on the liistory and legislation of the

LOUNSBURY, Phineas Chapman, governor of
Connecticut, was born in Ridgefield, Conn.. Jan.
10, 1841 ; son of Nathan and Delia (Scofield)
Lounsbury. His father was a farmer. He was
educated in the public schools of Ridgefield, and
enlisted as a private
in the 17th Connec-
ticut volunteer in-
fantry in 1861. He
was obliged to retire
from the army on ac-
count of serious ill-
ness, and with his
brother, George E.
Lounsbury, he en-
gaged in the shoe
manufacturing busi-
ness in New Haven
and South Norwalk,
Conn. He was mar-
ried in 1867 to Jennie,
daughter of Neziah
"Wright. In 1885 he became president of the
Merchants' Exchange National bank of New
York city, of which he had been a director for
some years. He was elected a Republican repre-
sentative in the Connecticut legislature in 1874,
and served as speaker. In 1886 lie was the can-
didate of the Republican party for governor of
Connecticut, and in the election, Nov. 2, 1886, he
received 56,920 votes to 58,818 for Edward S.
Cleveland, Democrat ; 4699 for S. B. Forbes, Pro-
hibitionist, and 2792 for PI. C. Baker, labor can-
didate. There being no choice by the people, a
majority being necessary, the legislature elected
the Republican state ticket, and Mr. Lounsbury
served as governor, 1887-89. He was elected a
trustee of We.sleyan university in 1880, and re-
ceived the degree of LL.D. from there in 1887.

LOUNSBURY, Thomas Raynesford, teacher,
was born in Ovid, N. Y., Jan. 1, 1838 ; son of the
Rev. Thomas Lounsbury, D.D. (1789-1867), a
graduate of Union, 1817, and Princeton Theolog-
ical seminary, 1818 ; pastor at Ovid, N.Y., 1823-
49, and later agent for the American Bible so-
ciety. Thomas R. Lounsbury was graduated from

Yale in 1859, and was engaged editorially on Ap-
pleton's '• American Cyclopaedia," 1859-62. He-
was a volunteer officer in the civil war, 1862-65 ;
an instructor in English at Yale, 1870-71 ; profes-
sor of Englibh there from 1871, and librarian of
the Sheffield Scientific school from 1873. He re-
ceived the degree of A.M. from Yale in 1877 ; that
of LL.D. from Yale in 1892 and from Harvard in
1893 ; that of L.H.D. from Lafayette in 1895, and
that of Litt.D. from Princeton in 1896. He edited
Chaucer's " Parliament of Foules" (1877), and is tlie
author of : History of the English Language (1879);
Biography of Jarnes Fenimore Cooper (1883);
Studies in Chaucer (3 vols., 1891).

LOVE, Qeorge Maltby, soldier, was born in
Buffalo, N.Y., Jan. ], 1831. He served three
months in the 21st N.Y. militia, May-August,
1861 ; one year in the 44tli N.Y. volunteers as
lieutenant, participating in the battles from
Hanover Court House to Malvern Hill ; and as
major and colonel of the 116th N.Y. volunteers
from Sept. 5, 1862, to the close of the war. He
commanded the regiment in the Department of
the Gulf, at the battle of Plain's Store, La., May
21, 1863, and at the assault on Port Hudson, La.,
May 27, 1863, where lie was severely wounded. He
was promoted to the rank of colonel, July 16,
1863, and engaged in the Red River campaign,
his regiment being assigned to the 1st brigade,.
1st division, 19th army corps, Gen. W. B. Frank-
lin, taking part in the battles of Sabine Cross-
Roads, April 8, 1864, Pleasant Hill, April 9, and
Cane River„April 23, 1864. The 19th corps. Gen.
W. H. Emory, was then ordered to join the Army
of the Potomac, and arrived in Washington in
time to take part in rei:)elling the invasion of
Early. He took part in the battles of Winches-
ter, Sept. 19, Fisher's Hill, Sept. 22, and Cedar
Creek, Oct. 19, 1864. He was brevetted briga-
dier-general of volunteers, March 7, 1865, for gal-
lant and meritorious services at the battle of
Cedar Creek, Va., and also received a bronze-
medal of honor from the secretary of war. He
was mustered out of tlie volunteer service, June
8, 1865, and entered the regular service, March
7, 1867, as 2d lieutenant in the Uth infantry. He
was brevetted 1st lieutenant, March 7, 1807, for
Plain's Store ; captain for Port Hudson ; major
for Cedar Creek, and lieutenant-colonel for gal-
lant and meritorious services during the war.
He was transferred to the 16th infantry, April
14, 1869 ; promoted 1st lieutenant, March 1, 1875 ;
and was retired, March 15, 1883, for disability in-
curred in the line of duty. He died in Buffalo,
N.Y.. March 19, 1887.

LOVE, James Madison, jurist, was born at
Fairfax Court House, Va., March 4, 1820 ; son of
John T. and Mary (Vermillion) Love. His father
died while he was a mere lad and his mother re-




moved to Zanesville, Ohio, in 1833, where he at-
tended the academy tliree years and then en-
gaged in civil engineering witli Samuel Ryan
Curtis (q.v.) in charge of government works on
the Muskingum river, 1837-39. He studied law
with his older brother, Thomas E. Love, at Fair-
fax, Va., one year, and after completing his
course with Judge Still well at Zanesville he be-
gan practice. He I'aised a company for service
in the war with Mexico, and served as its captain,
1846-47. He removed to Keokuk, Iowa, in 18 jO,
and served in the state senate as chairman of the
judiciary committee, 18.52-54. He was appointed
judge of the U.S. district court of Iowa by Pres-
ident Pierce, and served, 1853-91. In his thirty-
five years on the bench but two of his decisions
were reversed by the U.S. supreme court. He
%vas married, first to M. P. Thomasson, of Louis-
ville, Ky., and secondly in January, 1864, to Mary
Milburu. of St. Louis, Mo., who survived liim.
He was professor of commercial law and the law
of persons and personal rights in the State Uni-
versity of Iowa, 1878-91, and was chancellor of
the law department for three years. He con-
tributed to the magazines, and his lectures, ^4 Re-
view from a Lairyer's Standpoint of the Case of
Shylock against Antonio and Portia as a Lau-yer,
wei'e published in the American Law Review.
He died in Keokuk, Iowa, July 2, 1891.

LOVEJOY, Elijah Parish, abolitionist, was
born in Albion, Maine, Nov. 9, 1803 ; son of the
Rev. Daniel and Elizabeth (Pattee) Lovejoy, and
grandson of Francis Lovejoy, of Amherst, N.H.,
who settled in Albion, Slaine, in 1790, and of Ebe-
nezer and JIary (Stimson) Pattee, of Georgetown,
ilaine. He was prepared for college at the acad-
emies at ^lonmouth and China, Maine, and was
graduated from W;iterville college in 1826. He
was pi-incipal of China academy, 1836-37, and in
1827 removed to St. Louis, Mo., where he en-
gaged in teaching. He was editor and publisher
of the Times, a Whig newspaper, in St. Louis,
1828-82 ; attended Princeton Theological sem-
inary, 1832-33, and was licensed to preach by the
second presbytery of Philadelphia, April 18. 1833.
He established, edited and published tlie St. Louis
Observer, a religious paper, the first number
of which appeared Nov. 22, 1833, and he also
conducted religious services. He was married
March 4, 1835, to Helen Ann French, of St.
Charles, Mo. In 1834 he had formallj' announced
himself an advocate of anti-slavery, and in 1835
began to use his paper as an anti-slavery organ.
His editorials created much excitement in the
city and throughout the state, avid in October,
1835, he was requested by his subscribers to ab-
stain from discussing the question in his paper.
He replied " that the free communication of
thoughts and opinions is one of the invaluable

rights of man, and that every person may freely
speak, write and print on any subject — being re-
sponsible for the abuse of that liberty," which
sentiment became a clause in the constitution of
the state of Slissouri. The opposition in Jlissouri
became greater, and he was requested to resign
his editorship, which he did. He removed to
Alton, 111., where he was elected moderator of
the Alton presbytery. The office in St. Louis
was entered before the outfit could be removed
and much of the material destroyed. The print-
ing-office press was not damaged, and was at
once sent to Alton, 111., where it was destroyed
by a mob and thrown into the river. The citi-
zens of Alton, regretting this act, furnished
money to purchase a new press, and the Observer,
with Mr. Lovejoy as editor, reappeared in the
summer of 1836. The utterances of the paper


against slavery being continued, on Aug. 21, 1837,
a mob broke into the office and completely de-
stroyed his press. Another was bought, and on
September 21 of that year followed its predeces-
sor to the bottom of the Mississippi. Mr. Lovejoy
ordered a fourth press and resolved to fight the
opposition to the end. A public meeting was
called and he was urged to leave Alton. This he
refused to do, and on Nov. 6, 1837, a new press
arrived and was placed in the wareliouse of God-
frey, Oilman & Co., and a force of nineteen men,
including Mr. Lovejoy, remained in the ware-
house to protect the press. On the night of Nov.
7, 1837, a mob attacked tlie warehouse, and after
the riot had apparently' subsided Mr. Lovejoy
opened the door and received five bullet wounds,
from which he died almost instantly. A monu-
ment to his memory was dedicated in Alton
Nov. 8, 1897. He died in Alton, Nov. 7, 1837.

LOVEJOY, Owen, representative, was born in
Albion, Maine, Jan. 6, 1811 ; son of the Rev. Dan-
iel and Elizabeth (Pattee) Lovejoy. He worked
on his father's farm, where he earned sufficient
money to pay his waj' through college, and en-
tered Bowdoin with the class of 1834. He left be-
fore graduating to study for orders in the Protes-
tant Episcopal church, but on being required to
refrain from taking sides on the question of slav-




ery, lie removed to Alton, 111., in 1830, and was
present when liis brother Elijah was killed by the
mob Nov. 7, 1837. He joined the Congregational
church, studied for that ministry, .-md was pastor
of the church at Princeton, 111., 1838-54. He de-
fled the laws of the
state bj' holding anti-
slavery meetings in
all parts of Illinois,
making his borne in
Princeton one of the
principal stations of
the " underground
railroad." His course
led to his arrest many
times and to his
jjaying innumerable
fines. He was elected
a representative in
the state legislature
in 1854, and suc-
ceeded in obtaining a
repeal of the obnoxious law. He was a delegate
to the national libertj- convention at BuJTalo in

Online LibraryJohn Howard BrownLamb's biographical dictionary of the United States; → online text (page 29 of 143)