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York, Nov. 4, 1836) was graduated from Colum-
bia, A.B., 1854, A.M., 1857, and LL.B., 1861 ; suc-
ceeded his father as editor and part proprietor of
the New York Atlas ; later removed to Paterson,
N.J., and edited and published the daily and
weekly Guardian, which he transferred to a
stock company in 1899. Another son, Anson, born
Dec. 26, 1838, was associated with his brother
Carleton Moses on the Atlas and the Guardian^
and died at Paterson, N.J., June 15, 1878. Anson
Herrick, Sr., died in New York city, Feb. 6,1868.

HERRICK, Christine Terhune, author, was
born in Newark, N,J., June 13, 1859; daughter
of the Rev. Edward Payson and Mary Vir-
ginia (Hawes) Terhune ; granddaughter of Judge
John and Esther (Letson) Terhune, of New
Brunswick, N.J., and of S. P. and Juditli
(Smith) Hawes, of Richmond, Va., and a de-
scendant of Robert and Ann Pierce, who came
from England and landed in Massachusetts
in 1630, and of Albertje and Christiantje Ter-
hune, who came from Holland and landed at
Gravesend in 1647. She was educated under the
supervision of her mother, "Marion Harland,''
and was thoroughly trained in English literature,
pliilology and Anglo-Saxon by private teachers.
She visited Europe with her parents in 1876, and
spent two years there acquiring a knowledge of
foreign languages and other branches. On her
return slie resided in Springfield, Mass., pursued
a course of study, aird for a time instructed a
class in a private school for girls. She was mar-
ried, April 23, 1884, to James Frederick Herrick,
a naember of tlie editorial staff of the Springfield
Eepuhlican, and shortly after her marriage con-




tributed her first article to a magazine. Her
hiisband died in 1893, leaving Jier with two young
sons. In collaboration with her mother she pre-
pared a series of articles on housekeeping topics
for a newspaper syndicate, and her first article
entitled The Wastes of the Household was fol-
lowed by others which soon gave her a reputation
as a writer on domestic economy. She wrote
the series entitled Cottage Dinners (1886), and All
Round the Year with the Housewife (ISST), in the
Ladies' Home Journal; Jly Housekeeping Diffi-
culties (1885), in Table Talk; Seasonable Enter-
tainments (1889) and Hotisekeeping Made Easy
(1887), in Demoresfs Magazine; and Cradle and
Xursei^ (1888), and What to Eat and How to
Se)^e It (1895), in Harper's Bazar. Several of these
were published in book form, as were Liberal
Living on Xarrow Means (ISQO), and Letters of
the Duke of Wellington to 3Iiss J, (1889). She
was associate editor of the Home Maker, 1888-
90, and editor of the woman's page of the New
York Recorder, 1891-92, and also collaborated
with her mother, "Marion Harland," in The
National Cook-Book (189T).

HERRICK, Clarence Luther, educator, was
born in Minneapolis, Minn., June 31, 18o8 ; son
of Henry Nathan and Anna (Strickler) Herrick,
and grandson of Nathan and Laura Roby (Small)
Herrick. He was graduated from the University
of Minnesota in 1880 ; studied at Leipzig and
Berlin, 1881-82, and was instructor in botany
at the University of Minnesota, and served
on the geological survey of Minnesota, 1880-84.
He was professor of natural history at Denison
university, 1884-89, and professor of biology at
the University of Cincinnati, 1889-92, and at
Denison university, 1892-97. He was elected
president of the University of New Mexico in
1897. He received the degree of Ph.D. from the
University of Minnesota in 1898. He was asso-
ciate editor of the American Geologist, 1889-92 ;
editor of the Bulletins of Denison University,
1885-89 ; associate editor of Baldwin's Dictionary
of Philosophy, and became editor-in-chief of the
Journal of Comparative Neurology in 1889. He
is the author of : Mammals of Minnesota (1892) ;
Entomostraca of Minnesota (1895) ; Waverly
Group of Ohio, and about two hundred papers
on neurological, geological and psychological

HERRICK, D. Cady, jurist, was born in Esper-
ence, Schoharie county, N.Y., in April, 1846;
son of Jonathan and Harriet (Deuel) Herrick,
grandson of James Herrick, and a descendant of
Henry Herrick, who settled in Salem, Mass., in
1629. His parents removed to Albany in 1852
and his early education was received in the com-
mon schools of that city. Later he was sent to
Anthony's Classical institute, thereafter entering

the law office of Lyman Tremain, and Rufus W.
Peckham afterward justice of the supreme
court of the United States, and subsequently
became a student at the Albany law school
where he was graduated in 1868 and admitted to
the bar in the same year. He was the candidate
of the Democratic party for district attorney of
Albany county in 1877, but was defeated. He was
elected to that office in 1880 and again in 1883. He
was made a member of the Democratic state
committee in 1885 to succeed Daniel Manning,
who became secretary of the treasury of the
United States. In 1884 he formed a law partner-
ship with John A. Delehanty. which continued
until 1891. In 188Ghe was appointed corporation
counsel of the city of Albany ; in 1891 he was
elected one of the judges of the supreme court of
the state of New York, and in 1894 he was ap-
pointed associate justice of the appellate division
of the supreme court of the state of New York.
His name was used several times in connection
with the Democratic nomination for governor of
New York.

HERRICK, Ebenezer, representative, was born
in Lincoln county, Maine, Oct. 21, 1785; son of
John and Lydia (Graffam) Herrick ; grandson of
Major Israel and Abigail (Kilham) Herrick ;
gi'eat-grandson of Benjamin and Lj-dia (Hay-
wood) Herrick, and great'^-grandson of Henry
Herrick, who came to America from Leicester,
England, in the 17th century. His father was
for many years a representative in the Massa-
chusetts legislature ; his grandfather Herrick
entered the army as a lieutenant in 1745 : served
in nineteen campaigns in the French and Indian
war ; left the army in 1763 as brevet major ;
served in the Revolution, fighting at the battle
of Bunker Hill, and resigned his major's com-
mission when the army removed from Cam-
bridge. Ebenezer Herrick received a public
school education ; was a member of the conven-
tion which framed the constitution of the state
of Maine, 1820 ; secretary of the state senate in
1821 ; a representative in the 17th, 18th and 19th
congresses, 1821-27, declining re-election; and a
member of the state senate, 1828 and 1829. He
was married to Hannah, daughter of Hugh Mol-
loy. He died in Lewiston, Maine, May 7, 1839.

HERRICK, Edward Claudius, scientist, was
born in New Haven, Conn., Feb. 24, 1811 ; son of
the Rev. Claudius and Hannah (Pierpont) Her-
rick. His father was born in 1775 in Southamp-
ton, L.I., N.Y., where his ancestoi's for four
generations had lived ; was graduated at Yale in
1798, was pastor of the Congregational church in
Woodbridge, Conn., and finally opened a school
for young ladies at New Haven, Conn., which he
conducted successfully until his death in 1831.
Hannah (Pierpont) Herrick was a descendant of




the Rev. James Pierpont, pastor of tlie First
church ill New Haven and one of the three
clergymen who in 1698 planned the founding of
Yale college. Edward Claudius Herrick left
school about 1827, chiefly on account of weak
eyes, and in that year entered as a clerk the

bookstore of Gen. Hezekiah Howe in New Haven
where he made the aquaintance of Noah Webster,
Jeremiah Day, R. M. Sherman, David Daggett,
Silliman, Percival and others. In 1835 he became
a proprietor of the business, which he conducted
without success until 1838. During the next five
years he was employed chiefly as clerk of the
city of New Haven, and in the office of the
Journal of Science. He was appointed librarian
of Yale college in 1843 and treasurer of the col-
lege in 1852, and held the two offices conjointly
until 1858, when he resigned the former, continu-
ing in the latter until his death. From an early
age he was interested in subjects connected with
natural history, paying especial attention to
entomology. His first contribution to the Aineri-
can Journal of Science was the joint production
of himself and Prof. James D. Dana, and was
a description of " Argulus Catostomi : a New
Parasitic Animal." He also devoted consider-
able attention to astronomy and meteorology, in
which he made important investigations and
discoveries. In 1837 he announced in the Avieri-
can Journal of Science his theory of the periodical
occurrence of an unusually large number of
shooting stars on or about August 9. It vras
learned shortly afterward that a European astron-
omer had anticipated him in the theory. His
duties at Yale included the editing of the tri-
ennial catalogue of the college and the general
superintendence of all the property of the college,
as well as the care of the grounds and repairs.
Yale conferred upon him the honorary degree of
A.M. in 1838. His published writings consist
principally of contributions to the American
Journal of Science, He died in New Haven,
Comi., June 11, 1862.

HERRICK, Francis Hobart, naturalist, vras
born in Woodstock, Vt., Nov. 19, 1858; son of
the Rev. Marcellus Aurelius and Hannah An-
drews (Putnam) Herrick, grandson of Ebenezer
and Polly (Nye) Herrick, of Reading, Vt., and
of Israel and Hannah (Andrews) Putnam, of
Claremont, N.H., and a descendant of Joseph
Herrick, who came from England to Cherry
Hill, Salem, Mass., and died Feb. 4, 1T17-18. He
prepared for college at St. Paul's school. Concord,
N.H., and was graduated from Dartmouth in
1881. He was instructor in biology at Dart-
mouth in 1888, and w-as elected professor of
biology at Adelbert college of Western Reserve
university in 1891. He received the degree of
Ph.D. from Johns Hopkins university in 1888, and
the degree of Sc.D. from the Western University
of Pennsylvania in 1897. He is the author of
The American Lobster : a Study of its Habits and
Development (with 54 plates, 1895) and numer-
ous contributions on the habits, anatomy and de-
velopment of animals.

HERRICK, George Harsh, educator, was born
in Essex, Vt., March 21, 1856 ; son of Leonard E.
and Susan (Coffin) Herrick, grandson of Russell
and Maria (Tyler) Herrick, and of Daniel Coffin,
and a descendant of Henry Herrick, who emi-
grated to Massachusetts and settled in Beverly in
1640. George attended the High school at Rock-
ford, 111,, and was graduated from Beloit college,
A.B., 1878, A.M., 1881. He was principal and
superintendent of public schools at Lena, 111.,
White Hall, 111., and at Forestville school, Chi-
cago, 111., until 1889; was western secretary of
the Congregational Education society, 1889-96,
and was elected president of Washburn college,
Topeka, Kan., in 1896. The honorary degree of
Litt.D. was conferred on him by Beloit college
in 1897. He was married, Sept. 3, 1883, to Julia
A. Pickard, of Lena, 111.

HERRICK, John Russell, educator, -was born
in Milton, Vt., May 12, 1822 ; son of Russell and
Maria (Tyler) Herrick ; grandson of Elijah Her-
rick, and a descendant in the seventh generation
from Henry Herrick ; son of Sir William Herrick,
of Bean Manor, county of Leicester, England.
His early education v^as acquired in Milton and
neighboring towns and he v\^as graduated from
the University of Vermont in 1847. He studied
theology at Andover, Mass., 1849-51, and w^as
graduated at Auburn Theological seminary in
1852. He was ordained at Malone, N.Y., in
June, 1854, and remained there as pastor until
1867, when he accepted the chair of systematic
theology at Bangor Theological seminary. He
was married. May 12, 1856, to Harriet Emily
Brownell, of Sharon, Conn. He left his professor-
ship in 1873, accepting a call from the Congrega-
tional church in South Hadley, Mass. While at




^, /3. J^^^>z/tV5x

South Hadley he gave lectures on philosophy and
ethics at Mt. Holyoke seininary, and an entire
year's course in theology at the Hartford Theo-
logical seminary. He
1^^^^^^ was president of Pa-

ir ^1^ cific university, Ore-

L >^ gon , 1880-85 , and

M^ ^^^^- i<<^ president of the Uni-

^l\ ,^^M versity of Soutli Da-

i^fcZj' '^^&^^ kota, at Vermillion,

M^^^7 1885-87. He resigned

in 1887, and resided
at Dundee and Polo,
III. He received from
Union college the de-
gree of D.D. in 1867,
and from the Univer-
sity of Vermont that
of S.T.D. in the same
year. He published
a number of treatises on theological, philosophi-
cal and educational subjects.

HERRICK, Joshua, representative, was born
in Beverly, Mass., March 18, 1793 ; son of Joshua
and Mary (Jones) Herrick. He settled in Bruns-
wick, Maine, in 1811, and engaged in the lumber
business. He was deputy inspector and collector
of customs for the port of Kennebunk, 1829-41,
and 1847-49. He served on the board of county
commissioners in 1842 ; was a Democratic rep-
resentative in the 28th congress, 1843-45, and
in 1850 removed to Alfred, Maine, and was reg-
ister of probate for York county until 1855.
He died in Alfred, Maine, Aug. 30, 1874.

HERRICK, Robert, author, was born in Cam-
bridge, Mass., April 26, 1868; son of William
Augustus and Harriet (Emery) Herrick, and
grandson of William Hale and Lois (Killam)
Herrick, and of Joshua and Harriet (Peabody)
Emery. He was graduated from Harvard col-
lege in 1890 ; was instructor in English at the
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1890-93 ;
instructor in rhetoric at the University of Chi-
cago, 1893-1895 ; and assistant professor of rhe-
toric at the same university from 1895. He is
the author of The Man IVJio Wins (1897); Liter-
ary Love Letters and Other Stories (1898); The
Gospel of Freedom (1898) ; Lovers Dilemmas (1899);
Composition and Rhetoric for Schools (1899) y and
contributions to periodicals.

HERRICK, Samuel, representative, was born
in Dutchess county, N.Y., April 14, 1779 ; eldest
son of Capt. Samuel and Margaret (Per-Lee)
Herrick ; grandson of Col. Rufus Herrick, an
oificer in the Revolutionary war ; great-grandson
of Edward and Mary (Dennison) Herrick ; great -
grandson of Stephen and Elizabeth (Trask) Her-
rick, and greats-grandson of Ephraim Herrick of
Beverly, Mass. He had few advantages of edu-

cation and before the age of twenty-one he con-
ducted a mercantile enterprise at Quebec, Can-
ada, and others on the Pennsylvania frontier.
In June, 1803, lie began the study of law, and was
admitted to the Pennsylvania bar June 5, 1805,
and started at once for the west. He was mar-
ried, Feb, 6, 1804, to Margaret, daughter of
James and Mary (Howard) Davidson, of Cecil
county, Md., and settled in Zanesville, Ohio.
He was elected by the legislature, collector
of taxes in February, 1810 ; was appointed
by President Madison U.S. district attorney
Dec. 19, 1810; and on Dec. 28, 1810, he was
appointed by Governor Meigs aide-de-camp to
the commander-in-chief of the state forces. In
July, 1812, he was appointed by President Madi-
son a commissioner to survey and mark the
boundary line of Virginia military lands for the
state of Ohio. In the fall of 1812 he was ap-
pointed prosecuting attorney for the county of
Muskingum, succeeding Lewis Cass. In 1814 he
was appointed to the same position for Licking
county, succeeding his brother Edward. In Ma3%
1814, he was commissioned brigadier-general to
command the 4th brigade, 3d division, Ohio
state militia. In October, 1816, he has elected a
repi'esentative in the 15th congress, but as con-
gress did not meet until December, 1817, he did
not resign the office of U.S. district attorney un-
til Nov. 19, 1817. On this ground his seat was
contested, but he was declared elected, and was
re-elected to the 16th congress, serving 1817-21.
He was a Jackson elector in 1828, and in May,
1829, was again appointed U.S. district attorney
for Ohio. He resigned in June, 1830, retired to
his farm near Zanesville, and devoted the rest of
his life to charity. He died near Zanesville,
Ohio, June 4, 1852.

HERRICK, Sophia ricllvaine Bledsoe, editor,
was born in Gambler, Ohio, March 26, 1837 ;
daughter of Dr. Albert Taylor and Harriet (Coxe)
Bledsoe. Her education was somewhat hap-
hazard, but she was surrounded hy the advan-
tages of a fine library and of literary people. Later
she became a student at Cooper Female institute,
Dayton, Ohio. In 1860 she was married to the
Rev. James Herrick. She was assistant editor
of the Southern Reinew, edited by her father,
1874-77, and was editor-in-chief, 1877-78. In
1878 she became editorially connected with
Scribner's Monthhj, afterward the Century. She
published Wonders of Plant-Life under the
Microscope (1883); Chapters in Plant- Life (1885);
The Earth in Past Ages (1888), and contributed
to magazines.

HERRING, Elbert, jurist, was born in Strat-
ford, Conn., July 8, 1777; son of Abraham and
Elizabetii (Ivers) Herring ; grandson of Elbert
and Elizabeth (Bogart) Haring ; great-grandson



of Peter and Margaret (Bogart) Haring, and
great ^-grandson of John Haring, who was
born in Holland in 1633, came to America and
was married in 1662 to Margaret Cozine, a widow,
in the new Dutch church on Stuyvesant's Bou-
werie, New York, they being the first couple
married in that church. He was graduated
from the College of New Jersey in 1795, and
studied law in New York city, where he after-
ward practised. He was judge of tlie marine
court of New York, 1805-08. He was married
August 29, 1812, to Agnes, daughter of Lilian
Van Rensselaer. He was register of the state,
1812-17, by appointment of Govei-nor Clinton,
being the first to hold the office. In 1833 he was
appointed by President Jackson the first commis-
sioner of Indian affairs. He resigned the office
in July, 1836, and retired from public life. He
died in New York city, nearly ninety-nine years
of age, Feb. 20, 1876.

HERRON, Francis, clergyman, was born near
Shippenburg, Pa., June 28, 1774, of Scotch-Irish
ancestry. He was graduated from Dickenson
college in 1794 ; studied theology under the Rev.

Robert Cooper, D.D.,
and was licensed to
preach by the Carlisle
presbytery, Oct. 4,
1797. He made a mis-
sionary tour through
the backwoods of
Ohio, travelling with
a frontier settler as
a guide as far west
as Chillicothe. He
was ordained and in-
stalled pastor of the
Presbyterian church
at Rocky Spring, Pa.,
April 9, 1800, and re-
mained there until
1811. He was pastor of the First Presbyte-
rian churcli at Pittsburg, Pa., 1811-50. Upon
accepting his resignation the church voted
him an annuity for the rest of his life. He
was moderator of the general assembly of the
Presbyterian Church in 1827, a trustee of Jef-
ferson college, Pa., 1817-49, and a founder of
the Western Theological seminary, Allegheny
City, Pa., and president of its board of directors,
1827-60. He was married to Elizabeth Blaine.
He received the degree of D.D. from Jefferson
in 1824. He died in Pittsburg. Pa., Dec. 6, 18G0.
HERRON, Francis Jay, soldier, was born in
Pittsburg, Pa., Feb. 17, 1838 ; son of John and
.Clarissa (Anderson) Herron ; grandson of Maj.
James and Nancy (Davidson) Herron, and of
Maj. William and Mary Ann (Cann) Anderson,
and a descendant of Francis Herron, born 1734,



of Herron's Branch, Franklin county, Tenn.
He was graduated at the Western University of
Pennsylvania in 1854. When the southern states
seceded in 1860-61, he was a resident of Dubuque,
Iowa, and commanded the "Governor's Greys,"
a fully uniforuied and equipped company. He
tendered to Secretary Holt the services of this
company, Jan. 15, 1861, but his offer was de-
clined on the ground
that the government
had no need for troops.
In April, 1861, he en-
tered the volunteer
army as captain in the
1st Iowa regiment
and commanded a
company at the en-
gagements at Boon-
ville, Dug Springs,
Ozark, and at Wil-
son's Creek, where
Gen. Nathaniel Lyon
was killed while lead-
ing the 1st Iowa regi-
ment in a charge,
Aug. 10, 1861. In September, 1861, Captain
Herron was promoted lieutenant-colonel of the
9th Iowa infantry, and commanded the regi-
ment in the campaign of Gen. S. R. Curtis,
1862, in Missouri, Arkansas and Indian Territory.
He was severely wounded and taken prisoner at
Pea Ridge, Ark., March 8, 1862, and was ex-
changed for Colonel Herbert of Louisiana. For
services at Pea Ridge he was promoted brigadier-
general of volunteers, July 16, 1862. He com-
manded the " Army of the Frontier " in its forced
march with an immense train of supplies, mak-
ing the distance of 114 miles in three days and
relieving Gen. James G. Blunt at Prairie Grove,
Ark., where he fought the battle of Dec. 7,
1862, that drove the Confederate army from
the north of the Arkansas river. For this service
he was promoted major-general of volunteers,
Nov. 19, 1862. In 1863 he joined General Grant
at Vicksburg, commanding the left wing of the
investing army, and was selected with Generals
Logan and McPherson each to lead a division
into the city and receive the formal surrender,
July 4, 1863. He then commanded the combined
forces of army and navy that invested and cap-
tured YazOo City, and was with Capt. John G.
Walker on board the U. S. gunboat Be Kalb,
when that vessel was blown up by a torpedo. He
commanded the 13th army corps in the Depart-
ment of the Gulf, and after capturing ports on
the Texas coast established his headquarters at
Brownsville. Here he prevented the smuggling
of cotton into Mexico across the Rio Grande, and
as confidential agent of the state department




aided President Juarez in preventing French
troops establishing posts on the frontier. He re-
ceived for this service the thanks of Secretary
Seward and from President Juarez an offer
of a high command in the Mexican army. In
March, 1865, he transferred his headquarters to
Baton Rouge, La., as commander of the northern
division of the state and co-operated with Gen-
eral Canby in his movements against Mobile and
subsequently against Gen. Richard Taylor. In
May, 1865, he arranged a meeting with Generals
Buckner, Price and Brent at the mouth of the
Red river, and negotiated the surrender of Gen.
Kirby Smith's trans-Mississippi army, receiving
tlie surrender of over 60,000 men with their arms,
artillery and war material under Gen. S. B.
Buckner at Shreveport, La., May 26, I860. In
July, 1865, he was appointed with General Har-
ney and others a commissioner to negotiate
treaties with the Indian tribes, and later in the
same year lie resigned his commission as major-
genei'al of volunteers and Indian commissioner
and made his home in New York city. He re-
ceived the congressional medal of honor for dis-
tinguished gallantry at Pea Ridge, Ark., and
became a prominent member of the G. A. R. and
of the Loyal Legion,

HERRON, George Davis, educator, was born
in Montezuma, Ind., Jan. 21, 1862 ; sonof AVilliam
and Isabella (Davis) Herron, and grandson of
Joseph A. Herron, of Cincinnati, Ohio. He was
educated at Ripon college, Wis., and spent two
years in Europe as a student. He was pastor of
the Congregational church at Lake City, Minn.,
1888-91 ; and of the 1st Congregational church at
Bm*lington, Iowa, 1892-93, and became a noted
teacher and lecturer upon relations of Christian-
ity to existing social conditions. He "was pro-
fessor of applied Christianity at Iowa college,
1893-1900, the chair having been endowed for his
occupancy by Mrs. E. D. Rand, one of his former
parishioners. He was elected a member of the
American Academy of Political and Social
Science. He received the degree of D.D. from
Tabor college, Iowa, in 1891. He lectured upon
social problems throughout the United States,
and is the author of: The Larger Chinst (1891) ;
The Call of the Cross (1892) ; TJie New Redemption
(1893) ; A Plea for the Gospel (1892) ; Social Mean-
ing of Religious Experiences (1896) ; The Chris-
tian Society (1894) ; TJie Christian State (1895);
Between Ccesar and Jesus (1899), and contribu-
tions to periodicals.

HERSEY, Samuel Freeman, philanthropist,
was born in Sumner, Maine, April 22, 1812 ; son
of James and Olive (Freeman) Hersey, and grand-
son of James Hersey and of Samuel Freeman,
both soldiers of the Revolution. At the age of
eighteen he began teaching during part of the

SevAA^ SrYO^A^Axy

school year, and in 1831 was graduated from
Hebron academy. In 1832 he went to Bangor as
a clerk in a store, and some years later, engaging

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