John Howard Brown.

Lamb's biographical dictionary of the United States; online

. (page 104 of 142)
Online LibraryJohn Howard BrownLamb's biographical dictionary of the United States; → online text (page 104 of 142)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook

cal college. He held the chair of chemistry and
toxicology in the medical department of the Uni-
versity of Buffalo, 1877-82, and in 1882 was made
assistant to his father, who was professor of chem-
istry and physics in the College of the city of
New York. He was also lecturer on practical
chemistry and toxicology at the Bellevue hospital
medical college, and professor of chemistry in the
American veterinary college. He was elected
chemist to the Medico-legal society, a member of
the council and of the board of directors of the
American chemical society, chairman of the com-
mittee on membership, and editor of the journal.
He was also elected to a membership in the
chemical societies of Berlin and Paris. He con-
tributed to medical journals on sanitary chem-
istry and methods of analysis and is the author of
Report on Photography (1873).

DOREMUS, John Edwards Caldwell, edu-
cator, was born in New York city, N.Y., Oct. 15,
1816 ; son of Francis and Eliza De Hart (Canfield)
Doremus. He was graduated from the University
of the city of New York in 1836 and studied law
with Hugh Maxwell, New York city, and with
Abraham Lincoln, Springfield, 111. He aban-
doned that profession, however, to become a Pres-
byterian clergyman, and was pastor at Bayou
Grostete and at Baton Rouge. La. He was after-
ward professor of languages in Oakland college.
Miss., and president of the College of Goliad,

Texas. He was for some years the representative
of the American Bible society in New Orleans,
La., and was subsequently pastor at Vienna, La.
The University of the city of New York gave him
the degree of A.M. in 1849 and that of D.D. in
1860. He died at Vienna, La., Nov. 16, 1878.

DOREMUS, Robert Ogden, chemist, was born
in New York city, Jan. 11, 1824; son of Thomas
C. and Sarah Piatt (Haines) Doremus; grandson
of Elias Haines, merchant. New York city ; and
great-grandson of Robert Ogden, lawyer, of New
Jersey. His father was a prominent merchant
and one of the found-
ers of the University
of the city of New
York in 1832, but
owing to disturbances
in this institution the
son was sent to Co-
lumbia college in
1838. The following
year, however, he en-
tered the University
of the city of New
York and was gradu-
ated there, A. B., 1842,
and A.M., 1845. He
was the first private
pupil of Prof. John
W. Draper. He was

first assistant in the medical department of the
university, 1843-50, assisting Professor Draper in
his famous researches in light and heat. He was
married in 1850 to Estelle E. , daughter of Capt.
Hubbard Skidmore, and a descendant of Capt.
John Underbill. He studied in Europe, 1847^8,
paying special attention to electro-metallurgy and
also visiting chemical manufactories. Returning
to New York he established with Dr. Charles T.
Harris a laboratory for making chemical analy-
ses and for instruction in analytical chemistry.
His first course of lectures on chemistry and
toxicology were delivered at his own laboratory,
1849-50. He studied medicine with Dr. Abraham
L. Cox and was graduated M.D. from the Univer-
sity of the city of New York in 1850. The same
year he helped to found the New York medical
college where he established from his private
means the first chemical laboratory attached to a
medical college in the United States where stu-
dents were instructed in analytical work essential
to the practitioner of medicine, and the passing
of an examination in the course was made a con-
dition of obtaining a diploma. He established a
similar laboratory in the Long Island hospital
medical college in 1861 and held the chair of chem-
istry and toxicology there, at the New York
medical college, and at the New York college of
pharmacy. For a quarter of a century he was




entrusted with nearly all the important medico-
legal cases in New York and vicinity as a chemi-
cal expert, and for this work he established a
special toxicological laboratory, kept under lock
and key and sealed. He was the expert in the Bur-
dell murder case (1857), and the Mrs. Stephens
murder case in 1858, and his skill displayed
in these cases gave him a wide reputation. He
was also for twenty-five years the principal expert
in patent suits involving a knowledge of chem-
istry, electricity and kindred branches of physics.
With his assistant, Dr. D. L. Budd, he devised in
1861 a method for using granulated gunpowder
in cannon without the serge envelope. By com-
pressing the grained powder in a solid elongated
mass he did away with the necessity of sponging
the gun after each discharge and at the same
time relieved the strain upon the gun. Napoleon
HI. witnessed its demonstration at Bois de Vin-
cennes and the French government adopted the
system. "La Poudre Comprimee " was also used
in Mt. Cenis tunnel for blasting. In 1863 he ac-
cepted the chair of chemistry and physics in the
Free academy, afterward known as the College
of the city of New York. He there established a
chemical analytical laboratory and also the first
physical laboratory in New York. He introduced
in 1865 the use of chlorine gas as a disinfectant
on cholera infected ships and in hospitals and
asylums, thoroughly disinfecting the entire
buildings and even the stones used in their con-
struction. The same year the death of his little
boy by his dress taking fire, led hun to investi-
gate and determine some chemical that, applied
to light fabrics, would render them fireproof. He
found it in a solution of phosphate of ammonia,
which was used effectively in theatres and else-
where. In 1871 he was appointed president of a
board for examining druggists and prescription
clerks. He introduced reforms in manufacturing
and purifying illuminating gas, and in methods
used in testing the purity of milk. He patented
methods for quickly extinguishing fires on ship-
board with liquefied carbonic acid and discovered
a method of bleaching gray ostrich feathers with
the peroxide of hydrogen and ammonia, which
resulted in the commercial use of the peroxide as
a disinfectant. He received the degree of LL.D.
from the University of the city of New York in
1874. He was elected a fellow of the New York
academy of science and of the New York geo-
graphical society, and a member of the New York
electrical society, the Union league club and
the St. Nicholas society. He was president of the
Medico -legal society, editor of the Journal of the
New York medical college, established 1852; and
of the chemical definitions in the " Standard
Dictionary " (1891-94), his associates in the work
being Dr. Marcus Benjamin and M. A. Bourgoug

non. He lectured in 1854 before the New York
Mechanics' society on "Electricity" and ar-
ranged a row of arc lights around the gallery of
the hall. The previous year he had lectured on
" Light " and caused daguerreotypes to be taken
of the occupants of the proscenium boxes by aid
of the electric light. In the course of three lec-
tures for the benefit of the Brooklyn mercantile
laboratory, 1865, he first exhibited the chloro-
hydrogen jet, Stewart's electro-motor and other
electrical devices. In 1873 he lectured on " His-
tory and Properties of Anaesthetic Agents" for
the benefit of the widow of Dr. Horace Wells,
who first used " laughing gas " for dental opera-
tions in 1844. In 1876 and 1877 he lectured before
10,000 persons at Chautauqua on "Physical
Science "and in 1892 on the " Agreement between
the Mosaic and Scientific Histories of the Crea-
tion," involving astronomy, chemistry, geology
and physics, and illustrated by colossal apparatus
weighing several tons. His bibliography i ncludes :
Impurities in Soda Water; Analyses of Solidified
Milk ; Disinfection of Cholera Ships ; Disinfection of
Bellevue Hospital; Tlie Lactometre ; The Improper
C/^e of Cocaine ; Duties of Experts and Others in
Poison Cases (1880) ; Tiny Death Dealers (1884) ;
The Comparison of Medical Education at Home and
Abroad; The Harmony Between the Scientific History
of Creation and the Mosaic Record : The Impurities
of Croton Water ; Preservation of the Egyptian Obe-
lisk ; The Microscojie; Toxicology; Medical Jtiris-
prudence; Transactions of the First Pan-American
Medical Congress (1893).

DOREMUS, 5arah Piatt Haines, philanthro
pist, was born in New York city, Aug. 3, 1802;
daughter of Elias and Mary (Ogden) Haines;
granddaughter of Robert Ogden, 3d. and a de-
scendant of John Og-
den, who received a
grant of land in
America from Charles
II. for services to his
father, Charles I. She
was also a descendant
of the Haines family,
whose ancestor was
knighted by Edward
I., and who was a
Crusader ; also of the
Piatt family, who
founded colonial set-
tlements in Long
Island and Connecti-
cut. She was married
to Thomas C. Doremus, a prosperous mer-
chant, Sept. 11, 1821. She early united with the
Presbyterian church, but at her marriage be-
came an active member of the Reformed Dutch
church. In 1828 she began her first organized





benevolent work in labors for the Greeks, and
with eight friends she gathered supplies which
were taken to Greece by the Rev. Jonas King, D.D.
In 1835 she became interested in the "Grande
Ligne Mission," in Canada, conducted by Madame
Feller of Switzerland, and subsequently became
president of a society to promote its object. In
1840 she began services in the New York city
prison, which resulted in the " Women's Prison
Association " for discharged prisoners. In 1841
she became manager of the City and tract mission
society, and in 1849 added to her labors the work
of the City Bible society. With the assistance of
friends she founded in 1850 the House and School
of industry, where work was given and sold to
poor women, and where children too poorly clad
to attend public schools, could receive instruc-
tion. Of this society she was elected president in
1867. She was one of the founders of the Nursery
and Child's hospital and in 1854 was elected second
directress. In 1855 she aided Dr. J. Marion Sims
in founding the Woman's hospital, the first in the
world for the special treatment of diseases of
women, and by repeated visits to Albany secured
its charter, and state appropriations. She was
made first directress there in 1864. In 1860 she
founded the Woman's union missionary society,
the first organization for women to labor safely
for heathen women; and in 1866 she aided in
organizing the Presbyterian home for aged
women. During the civil war she was active in
aiding the sick and wounded soldiers, and in 1869
she labored diligently to relieve the famine suf-
ferers in Ireland, collecting supplies and money.
Her last organized work was the ' ' Gould memo-
rial," founded in 1876, for the Italo- American
schools in Rome. She was the mother of nine
children ; and her only son, Robert Ogden Dore-
mus, was the well-known chemist. Mrs. Doremus
died in New York city, Jan. 29, 1877.

DORNIN, Thomas Aloysius, naval officer, was
born in Ireland about 1800. He was early brought
to America, received appointment as midship-
man in the U.S. navy in 1815, and was promoted
to the rank of lieutenant in 1825. He circum-
navigated the globe in the Vincennes in 1829-30.
In the South sea exploring expedition he was
assigned to command the steamship Belief. He
was commissioned commander in 1841. While
in command of the Portsmouth, 1851-52, he was
ordered to charter a Panama steamer and prevent
the landing of William Walker and his party of
filibusters on Mexican soil, which he successfully
accomplished. He also rescued forty American
prisoners on a Mexican vessel and stopped an at-
tempted blockade of United States mail steamers
in Mexican ports. He was commissioned captain
in 1855, and with the San Jacinto captured two
slavers with over 1400 slaves on board, releasing

them in Liberia. He was promoted commodore
on the retired list, July 16, 1862, and in 1865 was
given charge of the fifth lighthouse district. He
died at Norfolk, Va., April 22, 1874.

DORR, Benjamin, clergyman, was born in
Salisbury, Mass., March 22, 1796. He was gradu-
ated from Dartmouth in 1817 and was ordained to
the Protestant Episcopal ministry in 1823. He
was rector of the combined parishes of Lansing-
burg and Waterford, N.Y., 1820-29; of Trinity
church, Utica, N.Y., 1829-35; and in 1835 was
appointed general agent of the domestic depart-
ment of the Board of missions. In 1837 he resigned
this position to become rector of Christ church,
Philadelphia, where he remained during the rest
of his life. He was elected bishop of Maryland in
1 839 but did not accept the o ffice. The University
of Pennsylvania conferred upon htm the degree
of D.D. in 1838. His published works include
tracts and sermons ; An Historical Account of Christ
Church, PhiladeliMa (1841) ; Notes of Travel (1856) ;
and Ilemoir of John Fanning Watson (1861). He
died in Germantown, Pa., Sept. 18, 1869.

DORR, Charles P., representative, was born
in Monroe county, Ohio, Aug. 12, 1852; son of
Simon and Ellen (McCammon) Dorr; and grand-
son of John Dorr, who immigrated to the United
States from France after the French revolution
and settled in Ohio. He was educated in the com-
mon schools and in 1873 was admitted to the bar
in Ohio. He removed to West Virginia in 1874
and practised law in Addison. He was a member
of the state legislature in 1884 and 1888, and a
Republican representative from the third district
of West Virginia in the 55th congress, 1897-99.
He declined renomination in 1898.

DORR, Julia Caroline Ripley, author, was
born in Charleston, S.C, Feb. 13, 1825; daughter
of William Young and Zulma Caroline (Thomas)
Ripley. In 1828 her mother died and her father
removed to New York city, two years later set-
tling in his native state, Vermont, where Julia
was educated. In 1847 she was married to Seneca
M. Dorr of New York city who died there in
1884, and she then made literary work her pro-
fession. In 1848 she was awarded a hiindred-
dollar prize offered by Sartain's Magazine for a
short story. This story, entitled ' ' Isabel Leslie, ' '
was her first published tale. In 1857 she removed
to Rutland, Vt., where her husband died in 1884.
Among her published works are: Farmingdale
(1854); Lanmere (1856); Sibyl Huntington (1869);
Foems (1872) ; Expiation (1873) ; Friar Anselmo and
Other Poems (1879) ; TJie Legend of the Baboushka
(1881); Daybreak {1%%2) ; Bermuda (1884:) ; After-
noon Songs (1885); Collected Poems (1891); The
Flower of England's Face (1894) ; A Cathedral
Pilgrimage (1895); In Kings' Houses (1898), and
numerous magazine articles.





DORR, Thomas Wilson, political leader, was
born in Providence, R.I., Nov. 3, 1805; son of
Sullivan and Lydia (Allen) Dorr; grandson of
Ebenezer Dorr, and a descendant in the seventh
generation from Joseph Dorr, who joined the
Massachusetts Bay colony about 1670. His grand-
father, Ebenezer,

fe jnSl^^^^k warned the people of

■^ .^Sm ^^Ki. Roxbury of the de-

signs of the British
soldiers to attack the
military stores of the
patriots, and after-
ward met Paul Re-
vere at the Rev. Jonas
Clark's house with a
message from General
Warren to Revere,
and with him was
captured, but after-
ward released by the
British on the gener-
al alarm sounded by
the church bells in the distance. Thomas Wilson
was prepared for college at Phillips academy,
Exeter, and was graduated at Harvard in 1823
with second honors. He studied law in New York
city under Chancellors Kent and McCoun and
was admitted to the bar in 1827. He represented
his native city in the general assembly of the state
1834-37. At this time the right of suffrage in
Rhode Island was limited by a property qualifi-
cation and extended only to the eldest son of
freeholders, and Dorr with others sought to extend
the suffrage and secure more equal representation.
The question at issue divided the state into the
Law and Order party, contending that only legal
voters had a right to meet in convention and
change the constitution, and the Suffrage party,
led by Dorr, who upheld the right of the people
in their sovereign capacity to convene and decide
on a proper change in the constitution. After
several meetings and adjournments a People's
convention, composed of representatives from
every town in the state, met at Providence the
first Monday in October, 1841, framed a constitu-
tion, and asked every male citizen over twenty-
one years old, who had resided in the state one
year, to vote. , The voters were 13,944 votes for
the People's constitution and fifty -two against it.
About 5000 freeholders voted for it and Dorr and
his friends claimed this to be a majority of legal
voters under the constitution then in force, and
that imder the new constitution Thomas W. Dorr
was elected governor. The new legislature met in
Providence and Governor Dorr delivered his in-
augural address to both houses in joint session.
On the same day the Charter general assembly
was in session in Newport and declared the new

administration illegal and that only state officers
and members of the general assembly elected
under the charter restrictions had authority to
control the affairs of the commonwealth. In this
emergency Governor Dorr ordered the forcible
possession of the state house and other public
property. In the meantime the Law and Order
party invoked the aid of the United States govern-
ment. On May 18, 1842, Governor Dorr with less
than three hundred men marched to the state
arsenal and demanded its surrender, which was
refused. Dorr then withdrew his force and retired
outside the boundaries of the state. Governor
King offered a reward of $1000 for his arrest. A
few weeks later Dorr returned and took up his
headquarters at Gloucester, from which place he
issued a proclamation, June 25, convening the
General assembly at Chepachet, R.I., on July 4.
On the same day the Law and Order general as-
sembly passed an act placing the state under
martial law, troops were sent to Chepachet, Dorr
the second time fled from the state, and Governor
King increased the reward for his arrest to $5000.
After remaining out of the state about eighteen
months he returned to Providence, was arrested
for treason and lodged in jail. On Feb. 29, 1844,
he was transferred to Newport, and on April 26,
1844, his trial before the supreme court was called,
and continued for about four weeks, resulting in
his conviction and sentence to imprisonment in
state's prison for the rest of his life and to be kept
at hard labor in separate confinement. He was
committed, June 27, 1844, and one year later he
was released under a general act of the assembly
discharging from prison all persons convicted of
treason. As time passed the people became con-
vinced that Dorr had been wrongfully convicted
and across the face of the judgment under which
he was imprisoned as recorded in the supreme
court, is written " Reversed and annulled by order
of the General assembly at their January session,
A.D., 1854." His brother, Henry C. Dorr, born
in Providence, R.I., in 1820, defended him and
effected his release, afterward residing in New
York city, where he practised law, w^as a member
of Trinity church, of the Century association and
of the New York historical society, and died Nov.
13, 1897. Thomas W. Dorr died in Providence,
R.I., Dec. 27, 1854.

DORSEY, Anna Hanson, author, was born in
Georgetown, D.C., Dec. 12, 1815; daughter of

the Rev. William and (Lingan) McKen-

ney. She was married in 1837 to Lorenzo Dorsey
of Baltimore, son of Judge Owen Dorsey, and soon
afterward became a convert to the Roman Catho-
lic faith. She wrote numerous poems, dramas
and short sketches and stories for periodical litera-
ture, and published among other books : The Stu-
dent of Blenheim Forest (1847) ; Flowers of Love




and Memory (1849) ; Gay, the Leper (1850) ; Wood-
reve Manor (1852); May Brooke (1856); Oriental
Pearl (1857); Coaina, the Rose of the Algonqnins
(1868); Xora Brady's Voio (1869); Mona, the Ves-
tal (1869) ; The Flemings, or Truth Triumj^hant
(1869); The Old Gray Rosary (1870); Tangled
Paths (1879) ; The Old House at Glenarra (1886);
Warp and ]Vo„f (1887); and Palms (1887). She
died in Washington, D.C., Dec. 26, 1896.

DORSEY, George W. E., representative, was
bom ia Loudoun county, Va. , Jan. 25, 1842 ; son
of Hamilton H. and Sarah C. (Polton) Dorsey;
grandson of Edward and Mary (Klein) Dorsey;
and a descendant of Michael Dorsey, who settled
in Maryland in 1667. In 1856 he removed with his
parents to Preston county, Va., and was educated
at Oak Hill academy and by private tutor. He
recruited a company and entered the Federal
army in August, 1861, as 1st lieutenant, being as-
signed to the 6th Western Virginia infantry. He
was promoted captain, then major, and was mus-
tered out with the army of the Shenandoah in
August, 1865. In 1866 he removed to Fremont,
Neb., where he was admitted to the bar in 1869.
Later he engaged in banking; became a member
of the board of trustees of the insane hospital ; a
member and Adce-president of the state board of
agriculture ; and chairman of the Republican state
central committee. He was a Republican repre-
sentative from the 3d district of Nebraska in the
49th, 50th and 51st congresses, 1885-91. He was
chairman of the committee on banking and cur-
rency in the 51st congress, and a member of the
committee on territories. He introduced and
reported the bill for the admission of Idaho, and
had charge of this bill on the floor of the house.
DORSEY, James Owen, anthropologist, was
born in Baltimore, Md., Oct. 31, 1848; son of
Thomas Anderson and Maria Sweetser (Hance)
Dorsey; grandson of Nicholas Slade and Mary
(Anderson) Dorsey, and of James Hance ; great-
grandson of Elisiia and Mary (Slade) Dorsey; and
a descendant of the Hon. John Dorsey, a member
of the "Upper House of Burgesses in 1714."
James Owen spent his school days in the City col-
lege. He then taught school for a few months,
and was graduated at the Theological seminary of
the diocese of Virginia in 1871. After his ordina-
tion by Bishop Johns he engaged in missionary
work among the Ponka Indians in Dakota Ter-
ritory. He immediately began the formulation of
an alphabet of the Indian language. Owing to
ill health he was obliged to relinquish the work
in 1873, and returning to Maryland he was en-
gaged in parochial work until July, 1878, when
he was sent by the Smithsonian institution to the
Omaha and Winnebago reservations in Nebraska,
for the purpose of increasing his knowledge of the
Indian dialects. Upon the organization of the

Bureau of ethnology in the Smithsonian institu-
tion in 1879 he was chosen one of its scientific
corps. He remained among the Omaha Indians
until April, 1880, when he returned to Washing-
ton, but afterward made frequent trips to Indian
reservations, visiting in addition to those of the
Siouan stock the Biloxie of Louisiana, and that of
Siletz in Oregon, on which he was able to collect
important vocabularies and valuable gram-
matic notes and material pertaining to the Atha-
pascan, Kusan, Takilman, and Yakonan stocks.
In visiting the different tribes he held services,
preaching to the Indians in their own language,
and translating for them hymns and portions
of Scripture. In 1884 he was elected a member
of the council of the Anthropological society of
Washington, and the following year became its
vice-president. In 1885 he became vice-president
of the section on anthropology of the American
association for the advancement of science. He
was also a member of the American folklore
society from its foundation in 1888, and became
president of this society in 1894. He was elected
a member of the Academy of political and social
science, Philadelphia, and an honorary corre-
sponding member of the Philosophical society of
Great Britain. In 1886 he was awarded a gold
medal by the Italiana reg&le societa didascalica
for his works on sociology, and in 1892 was granted
a medal by the Spanish government in recogni-
tion of his scientific works at the American his-
torical exposition held at Madrid. His published
volumes and papers include ; Ponka ABC Wa-
b&-ru ; Osage War Customs ; Siouan Phonology ;
Kansas Mourning and War Customs; Omaha Sociol-
ogy ; Indian Personal Names ; Teton Folk-lore; The
Chegiha Language, Myths and Mythology ; and nu-
merous contributions to scientific periodicals.
He edited the Dakota English Dictionary and Da-
kota Grammar, Texts, and Ethnography of the Rev.

Online LibraryJohn Howard BrownLamb's biographical dictionary of the United States; → online text (page 104 of 142)