John Howard Brown.

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with General Wool in the Mexican war, 1846-48.
For distinguished services at Buena Vista he was
brevetted brigadier-general Feb. 23, 1847. He
was retired from active service Sept. 25, 1861.
He was married Aug. 30, 1812, to Lucy, daughter
of Hon. William Hunter of Windsor, Vt., and
had three children. His daughter became the
wife of Professor Baird of Carlisle, Pa. ; one son
became a lawyer and the other a soldier. He
died in Washington, D.C., Dec. 7, 1862.

CHURCHILL, Winston, author, was born in
St. Louis, Mo., Nov. 10, 1871; son of Edward
Spalding and Emma Bell (Blaine) Churchill;
grandson of Edwin Churchill, merchant, of
Portland, Me.; a descendant on his father's side
from William Churchill, who settled in the
Plymouth, Mass., colony about 1640; and a de-
scendant on his mother's side from Jonathan
Edwards. His preparatory education was ac-
quired at Smith academy, St. Louis. He was
graduated from the U.S. naval academy in 1894,
but resigned Sept. 11, 1894, and was naval editor
of the Army and Navy Journal until January, 1895.
He was assistant and then managing editor of the
Cosmopolitan magazine from February to Decem-
ber, 1895. He was married Oct. 22, 1895, to Mabel
Harlakenden, daughter of George D. Hall of St.
Louis, Mo. He was elected to membership in the
University club of St. Louis, and the Naval
academy alumni association of New York. He
published, besides numerous contributions to
periodical literature. The Celebrity (1898), and
Richard Carvel (1899), the latter being an Ameri-
can historical novel of the Revolutionary period.




CILLEY, Bradbury, representative, was born
in Nottingham, N.H., Feb. 1, 1760; son of Gen.
Joseph and Sarah (Longfellow), grandson of
Capt. Joseph and Alice (Rawlins), and great-
grandson of Thomas and Ann (Stanyan) Cilley,
who settled in Hampton, N.H., about 1694. He
attended the public schools, and as a young man
took a prominent part in the government of his
native town. In 1790 he was elected a represen-
tative in the state legislature and served as a
representative in the 13th and 14th congresses,
1813-17. He was on the staff of Governor Gilman
in 1814, and in 1817 was appointed by President
Monroe U.S. marshal. He was married on Nov.
19, 1782, to Martha, daughter of Gen. Enoch Poor
of Exeter, N.H. He died at the Cilley homestead,
Nottingham, N.H., Dec. 17, 1831.

CILLEY, Bradbury Longfellow, educator,
was born in Nottingham, N.H., Sept. 6, 1838; son
of Joseph Longfellow and Lavinia Bayley (Kelly)
Cilley ; and grandson of Jacob and Harriet (Poor)
Cilley. He was prepared for college at Phillips
Exeter academy, was graduated from Harvard
in 1858, and was tutor in Albany academy, 1858-
59. In the latter year he was made assistant
master and professor of ancient languages at
Phillips Exeter academy. He was elected a
member of the New Hampshire historical society,
corresponding member of the New York histori-
cal society, member of the Webster historical
society and of the American philological associa-
tion. He died at Exeter, N.H., March 31, 1899.

CILLEY, Qreenleaf , naval officer, was born in
Thomaston, Maine, Oct. 27, 1829 ; Son of Jonathan
and Deborah (Prince) Cilley. He was appointed
a midshipman on the frigate Cumberland in 1841,
and in August, 1847, was promoted passed mid-
shipman, serving at the U.S. naval academy in
1848, and on the ships Raritan, Lexington, Jeffer-
son, i?e?ie/and Legare, from 1849 to 1855. He was
on the coast survey in 1851-52, in Pacific squadron
1852-55, and in September of the latter year was
commissioned lieutenant, serving on the Saratoga
1856-58. In July, 1862, he was appointed lieu-
tenant-commander and was in command of the
Unadilla, and the monitor Catskill, thence to the
Neio Hampshire and to the Colorado, until 1865.
He was retired March 18, 1865, and commissioned
commander March 12, 1867. He took up his resi-
dence in South America and married Malvina, a
daughter of Gov. Louis and Maria (Saez) Vernet.
He died at Buenos Ayres, S.A., March, 1899.

CILLEY, Jonathan, representative, was born
in Nottingham, N.H., July 3, 1802; son of Green-
leaf and Jennie (Nealley) Cilley ; and a grandson
of Joseph and Sarah (Longfellow) Cilley. He
was graduated fromi Bowdoin in 1825, and was
admitted to the bar in 1829. He was married
April 2, 1829, to Deborah, daughter of Hezekiah



and Isabella (Coombs) Prince. He was editor of
the Thomaston Register, 1829-31, and was elected
to the state legislature in 1832, serving in the
same year as presidential elector. He was re-
turned as a state representative each year until
1837, and served as speaker in 1835-36. The
latter year he was elected, as a Van Buren Demo-
crat, a representative in the 25th congress. In
1838 an attack on the
moral character of
a congressman was
made in the columns
of the New York
Courier and Enquirer,
edited by Gen. James
Watson Webb. A
speech, condemning
the article, made in
the house by Mr.
Cilley, was resented
by General Webb,
who, through Repre-
sentative William J.
Graves of Kentucky,
challenged Mr. Cilley
to a duel. The latter
refused to accept the challenge, claiming that no
censure had been cast on General Webb's personal
character. Thereupon Mr. Graves challenged
Mr. Cilley through Henry A. Wise of Virginia.
The challenge was accepted tlirough Representa-
tive Jones of Iowa, Mr. Cilley choosing rifles for
weapons. They met two miles from the national
capitol, and in the third round Mr. Cilley was
mortally wounded, dying on the field at Bladens-
burg, Md., Feb. 24, 1838.

CILLEY, Jonathan Longfellow, physician,
was born in Cincinnati, Ohio, Jan. 25, 1838 ; son of
Jonathan and Sarah (Lee) Cilley. He was grad-
uated at Harvard in 1858 and studied medicine
with Dr. W. H. Mussey, \ry Cincinnati. In 1864
he served in the 7th Ohio militia, and afterward
on the Mississippi river gunboats. He took his
medical degree from the Miami medical college
of Cincinnati in 1866, and was appointed physi-
cian in the Commercial hospital of that city. He
became demonstrator of anatomy in the Miami
medical college in 1871, and professor of physi-
ology and histology in the Ohio college of dental
surgery in 1873. Professor Dwight in " Frozen
Sketches," gives him the credit of being the first
in English writings to describe correctly what
medical men understand as the main fissure of
the lungs. He severed his connection with the
Miami medical college in 1878, and became dem-
onstrator of anatomy in the Medical college of
Ohio, where he was made adjunct professor of
anatomy in March, 1887. He was lecturer in
osteology from 1882, and in 1887 he was appointed



lecturer on artistic anatomy in the Cincinnati
museum association art academy. He was mar-
ried April 26, 1869, to Mary P. Hubbard of Sunny -
side, Ky.

CILLEY, Jonathan Prince, soldier, was born
at Thomaston, Me., Dec. 29, 1835 ; son of Jonathan
and Deborah (Prince) Cilley. He was graduated
at Bowdoin in 1858, and was admitted to the bar
in 1860. When the war broke out he enhsted a
battery for light artillery, but as there was
no call for such a battery, he enlisted a
company for the 1st Maine cavalry and was
commissioned captain. He was wounded and
taken prisoner at Middleton, Va., May 24,
1863, during the retreat of General Banks.
Later in the same year he was promoted to
major, and as he was still suffering from his
wounds, was assigned to duty as judge-advocate
and examining officer at Washington, D.C. In
1863 he returned to his regiment in the field and
in the following year was made lieutenant-
colonel, commanding his regiment until mustered
out in 1865, receiving brevet of brigadier-general
June 12, 1865, for distinguished services at Five
Forks, Farmville, and Appomattox Court-House.
He had the distinction of being the first man
enlisted, the first wounded and nearly the last
mustered out in his regiment, which had upon
its battle flags the names of three more battles
than were on the flag of any other regiment in
the army of the Potomac. After the war he
returned to Maine where he was married to
Caroline Abigail, daughter of Warren and Sophia
(Thurber) Lazellof Brooklyn, N.Y., Oct. 10, 1866,
and resumed practice at Rockland. He was a
member of the state legislature in 1867 ; deputy
collector of customs, 1867-71 ; adjutant-general of
Maine, 1875-77 ; and commissioner of the U.S. cir-
cuit court. His published works include orations
and addresses, and a genealogy of the Cilley
Family (1893). He was elected a member of the
Maine historical society and a corresponding
member of the New Hampshire historical society.

CILLEYj Joseph, soldier, was born in Notting-
ham, N.H., in 1735; son of Capt. Joseph and
Alice (Rawlins) Cniey. When a young man he
practised law in his native place. On Nov. 4,
1756, he was married to Sarah, daughter of Jona-
than and Mary (Clark) Longfellow. In 1758 he
enlisted as a private in Major Rogers's battalion
of rangers, marched to the northern frontiers in
Canada, and was then appointed a sergeant. He
continued in the service for more than a year.
In Dec3mber, 1774, he aided in stripping the fort
at Portsmouth of its equipments. The following
year he enlisted a company and marched to
Boston, receiving a major's commission in May,
1775. He was promoted colonel in the 1st New

Hampshire regiment in April, 1777, and served in
this capacity at Ticonderoga, Bemis Heights,
Monmouth, and with " Mad " Anthony Wayne
at Stony Point in June, 1778. He was also
engaged with Sullivan in his operations against
Brant and Johnston in the same year. On March
27, 1779, the New Hampshire house of representa-
tives presented him with an elegant pair of
pistols, " as a token of the intention of the state
to reward merit in a brave officer." He was
appointed major-general of the state mihtia, and
was treasurer, vice-president and president of
the Society of the Cincinnati in New Hampshire.
He also served as state representative, senator,
councillor, and in 1791 was appointed a member
of the state constitutional convention. He died
at Nottingham, N.H., Aug. 25, 1799.

CILLEY, Joseph, senator, was born in Notting-
ham, N. H. , Jan. 4, 1791 ; son of Greenleaf and
Jennie (Nealley) Cilley; and grandson of
Joseph and Sarah (Longfellow) Cilley. He
was educated at Atkinson academy; was com-
missioned ensign in the 18th New Hampshire
regiment Oct. 17, 1811; in the 11th U.S. infantry
March 12, 1812; was promoted lieutenant in the
21st infantry March 7, 1814; was engaged in
the battle of Chippewa July 4, 1814; and at
Lundy's Lane July 25, 1814, where his gallant
action won him the brevet rank of captain. He
resigned July 30, 1816, and returned to his home,
where he was made quartermaster-general of the
state in 1817; division inspector in 1821; and an
aide on the staff of Gov. Benjamin Pierce in 1827.
He was married to EUzabeth WilUams of Not-
tingham, N.H., Dec. 15, 1824. He was elected
U.S. senator as a Democrat to fill the unexpired
term of Levi Woodbury, resigned, taking his
seat June 22, 1846, and serving until March 3,
1847, when he retired from public life. He died
at Nottingham, N.H., Sept. 16, 1887.

CIST, Charles, publisher, was born in St.
Petersburg, Russia, Aug. 15, 1738; son of Jacob
and Anna Maria (Thomassen) Cist. He was grad-
uated at HaUe as doctor of medicine and im-
migrated to the United States in 1773, settling
in Philadelphia, Pa., where he formed a copart-
nership with Melchior Steiner, and set up a pub-
lishing and printing business. Among other
documents issued by this firm during the Revolu-
tionary war was Paine's "American Crisis."
During the war he was enrolled as a member of
the 3d battalion of Pennsylvania militia. He
began the publication of the American Herald in
1784 and of the Columbian magazine in 1787. He
was appointed April 11, 1778, by resolution of
congress sitting at Yorktown, one of the com-
missioners to sign the continental currency, some
of which he was afterward obliged to redeem.
He was the discoverer of anthracite coal and




subjected himself to ridicule and even violence
by attempting to introduce the use of the same.
Under the administration of President John
Adams he was made public printer and estab-
lished his printing office and bindery in Wash-
ington, D.C. He was married June 7, 1781, to
Mary, daughter of John Jacob and Rebecca Weiss
of Philadelphia, Pa. Subsequently he returned
to Philadelphia. He died at Fort AUen, Pa.,
Dec. 1, 1805.

CIST, Charles, editor, was born in Philadel-
phia, Pa., AprH 24, 1793; son of Charles and
Mary (Weiss) Cist. He was educated at the
public schools of Philadelphia and joined the
U.S. army shortly after the outbreak of the war
of 1812. He served on active duty until the close
of the war, when he took up his residence in
Pittsburg, Pa., and from there removed to Har-
mony, Pa. He was married in 1817 to Janet,
daughter of Edward and Sarah White of Whites-
town, Pa. In 1827-38 he settled in Cincinnati,
Ohio, where he later opened the first Sunday
school in the place and managed it until it outgrew
his superintendence, when the different churches
undertook the supervision of the work. In 1843
he established The Western Weekly Advertiser, an
historical journal, and later changed the name to
Cisfs Advertiser. The paper was discontinued in
1853. He also published in 1841, 1851 and 1859
works descriptive of Cincinnati, and is the author
of The Cincinnati Miscellany (2 Yols., 184:Q). He
died at College Hill, a suburb of Cincinnati, Ohio,
Sept. 8, 1868.

CIST, Henry Martyn, lawyer, was born in Cin-
cinnati. Ohio, Feb. 20, 1839; son of Charles and
Janet (White) Cist; great* grandson of Peter
Lawson Koch, who came from Sweden in 1641
with the third Swedish colony and settled upon

the Delaware ; and
grand-nephew of Col.
Jacob Weiss, deputy
quartermaster -gener-
al under General
Mifflin during the
Revolutionary war
and who was chief
quartermaster with
General Greene's ar-
my in his southern
campaign. He was
graduated at Farm-
er's college in 1858,
was admitted to the
bar in 1G60, nnd prac-
tised law in Cincin-
nati. He enlisted in April, 1861, as a private
in the 6th Oliio infantry, and was promoted
adjutant, 74th Ohio volunteer infantry, Oct. 22,
1861. Early in 1862 he was appointed post-adju-


tant of Camp Chase and served as such during
the confinement of General Buckner's troops,
captured on Feb. 16, 1862, at Fort Donelson. He
then served with his regiment in Tennessee and
in September, 1862, was appointed acting assistant
adjutant-general of Miller's brigade. In July,
1863, he was appointed acting assistant adjutant-
general of the department of the Cumberland.
He served under Generals Rosecrans and Thomas
until January, 1866, when he resigned. He was
promoted captain and assistant adjutant-general
April 30, 1864, and major and assistant adjutant-
general March 13, 1865. The brevet rank of
brigadier-general was conferred upon him March
13, 1865, for gallant conduct at the battle of
Stone river. He was corresponding secretary
of the society of the Army of the Cumberland,
1869-91. He was originator of the Chickamauga
national park. In 1892-95 he travelled in Europe
for rest and recreation and did not again enter
active practice. He wrote The Army of the
Cumberland (1882) ; edited twenty volumes of
Reports of the Society of the Army of the Cumber-
land (1868-92) and contributed a number of war
articles to the magazines.

CIST, Jacob, scientist, was born in Philadel-
phia, Pa., March 13, 1782; the eldest son of
Charles and Mary (Weiss) Cist. He was gradu-
ated at the Moravian school, Nazareth, Pa., and
was connected with the post office department,
Washington, D.C, 1800-08, when he removed to
Wilkes Barre, Pa. There he was appointed post-
master and retained the position till his death.
He devoted much of his leisure to painting and
literature, contributing for years to The Literary
Magazine, The Portfolio, and to the local papers
of Pennsylvania. He invented and patented a
miU to grind colors for paints and in 1808 secured
a patent for manufacturing a mineral black for
printer's ink from Lehigh anthracite coal, as a
substitute for India ink. For many years he was
interested in the mining and introduction of
anthracite coal, and in 1815 published a pamphlet,
"Anthracite Coal," which attracted general
attention in the eastern states. He was one of
the founders of the Luzerne county agricultural
society ; was treasurer of that county and also of
the Wilkes Barre bridge company for three years.
He geologized nearly the entire territory of
Luzerne county, locating coal, manganese clay
and iron ore. The eminent French scientist
Alexander Brongniart named several fossil plants
after Mr. Cist, including " Calamites Cistii,"
"Pecopteris Cistii," " Sigillavia Cistii," and
" Menropteris Cistii." He was married Aug. 25,
1807, to Sarah, daughter of Judge Matthias and
Mary (Burritt) HoUenback of Wilkes Barre, Pa.
He prepared an exhaustive work on American
entomology with several thousand original



drawings. This work was published by another
after the death of Mr. Cist without proper credit
being given him. He died at Wilkes Barre, Pa. ,
Dec. 30, 1825.

CIST, Lewis Jacob, poet, was born in Har-
mony, Pa., Nov. 20, 1818; son of Charles and
Janet (White) Cist. Here moved with his paren ts
to Cincinnati, Ohio. After studying in Hanover
college he obtained a position in the commercial
bank of Cincinnati, and afterward was teller in
the Ohio life and trust company. He was en-
gaged in banking in St. Louis, 1850-70. He was
afterward in the service of the government and
was secretary of the zoological society in Cin-
cinnati, Ohio. He published Trifles in Verse, and
the Souvenir, an annual, besides contributing to
the periodicals of the day. He was a famous
collector of autographs and old portraits. He
died at College HiU, near Cincinnati. Ohio, March
31, 1885.

CLAFLIN, Horace Brigham, merchant, was
born at Milford, Mass., Dec. 13, 1811; son of John
and Lydia (Mellen) Claflin; grandson of John
Claflin; and only brother of Aaron Claflin (1807-
1890). His first American ancestor, Eobert

Claflin, settled near
Milford, Mass., in
1661. He received an
academical education
and entered his fath-
er's store as a clerk.
In 1831 he succeeded
to the business in
partnership with his
brother Aaron and
ttW^WJl^"^^!^^ IfflS^ ■^^^ brother-in-law,
I ^L^P^'f^^K ^tl-'l' Samuel Daniels. In
■ ^^\N:^ \ W 1832 the firm estab-
^^^^ ^^S^ '^^^^ lished another store

at Worcester, to
which he devoted
himself exclusively,
disposing of his Mil-
ford store to his brother. In 1843 he removed
to New York and entered into partnership with
William F. Bulkley in the dry-goods jobbing
business. In 1851 the firm name was changed
to Claflin, Mellen & Co., and later Mr. Claflin
erected the Trinity building. In 1861 they built
extensive warehouses on Worth street. At the
outbreak of the war the firm failed and Mr.
Claflin offered his creditors a compromise of
seventy cents on a dollar. In a short time
the seventy cents was paid and then thirty
cents additional with interest in full was paid.
In 1864 Mr. Mellen retired from the firm and the
style of it was changed to H. B. Claflin & Co.
The business of the house continued to grow, its
sales in a single day reaching 11,500,000, and in a


single year $72,000,000. Mr. Claflin was an aboli-
tionist and active in his support of the anti-
slavery party. He was always a Republican,
although in 1884 he supported Mr. Cleveland as
candidate for the presidency. He was prominent
in many Brooklyn charities. He died at Ford-
ham, N.Y., Nov. 4, 1885.

CLAFLIN, John, merchant, was born in Brook-
lyn, N.Y., July 24, 1850; son of Horace Brigham
and Agnes (Sanger) Claflin. He was educated
in the schools of
New York and
Brooklyn and was
graduated at the
College of the city
of New York in
1869. He entered a
mercantile career
as a clerk with H.
B. Claflin & Co.,
becoming a part-
ner three years
later. Besides giv-
ing close attention
to the business
which he inherited
on the death of
his father in 1885,
Mr. Claflin actively
interested himself as his father's successor in
many of the charitable institutions in Brooklyn,
and served on various executive boards as
trustee or director. Being an enthusiastic trav-
eller and explorer he gratified his inclination
during his vacations, visiting every portion of
the United States and travelling extensively in
Mexico, South America, Europe, and the East.
In 1877, accompanied by a single white com-
panion, he entered the South American continent
at Peru and made his way to the mouth of the
Amazon. In 1893 the business of the firm, having
outgrown the conservative management incident
of a partnership, was incorporated as the H. B.
Claflin Company and the common stock placed
on sale for a limited time, preference being given
to the 1 100 employees of the firm, many of whom
became stockholders. Mr. Claflin became presi-
dent of the corporation.

CLAFLIN, Lee, philanthropist, was born in
Hopkinton, Mass., Nov. 19, 1791. He was a
tanner and afterward a manufacturer of boots
and shoes in Boston. He amassed a fortune, a
portion of which he distributed among various
institutions of learning, giving large endowments
to Wesleyan academy; to Wesleyan imiversity,
of which he was a trustee, 1849-71 ; to Wilbra-
ham academy, and to the Boston theological
seminary, afterward Boston university, of which
he was an incorporator, and a trustee and bene-




factor, 1847-71. He died in Boston, Mass., Feb. and remoTed to Amherst. He served for several
23, 1871. years as repi'esentative from Litchfield in the

CLAFLIN, Mary Bucklin (Davenport), au- state legislature, and was appointed a justice of

thor, was born in Hopkinton, Mass., in July,
1825 ; daughter of Samuel D. Davenport. In 1845
she was married to William Claflin, afterward
governor of Massachusetts, then in business in St.
Louis, Mo. Soon after their marriage they
removed to Newtonville, Mass., where they built
the " Old Elms," afterward famous for its many
noted guests. Mrs. Claflin was a trustee of
Wellesley college from its foundation, and of
Boston university from 1878 to 1896. In 1876 she
founded the society for the aid of impecunious
young college women, which, in November, 1897,
established a memorial scholarship in honor of
its founder. She published Brampton Sketches;
Old-time New Enr/Inud Life (1890) ; Personal Becol-
lections of John G. Whittier (1893) ; and Under the
Old Elms (1895). She died in Whitinsville, Mass.,
June 13, 1896.

CLAFLIN, William, governor of Massachu-
setts, was born in Milf ord, Mass. , March 6, 1816 ;
son of Lee and Sarah CAdams) Claflin. He was
prepared for college at Milford academy and at-
tended Brown university, but was not graduated.
He entered his father's shoe factory in 1835, and
in 1838, after mastering the details of the busi-
ness, he engaged in a similar undertaking in St.
Louis, Mo. In 1845 he removed to Boston, Mass. ,
where he carried on a wholesale shoe business.
He was a member of the Massachusetts house of
representatives, 1849-53; of the state senate,
1860-61 ; and of the Republican national executive
committee, 1864^72, being chairman of the last
named, 1868-72. He was lieutenant-governor of
Massachusetts in 1866, 1867 and 1868, and was gov-
ernor of the state, 1869-71. He was a represen-
tative in the 45th and 46th congresses, 1877-81.
He was vice-president of the corporation of
Boston university, 1869-72, and from 1872 was
its president. He was president of the Massa-
chusetts club. He received the degree of LL. D.
from Wesleyan university, Middletown, Conn.,
in 1868, and from Harvard in 1869.

CLAQETT, Clifton, representative, was born
at Portsmouth, N.H., Dec. 3, 1762; son of Wyse-
man and Lettice (Mitchell) Clagett. His father
was an English barrister, who was appointed
king's attorney-general at Portsmouth, holding
the office until the war of the Revolution, when
he sided with the colonists, by whom he was
appointed solicitor general. Clifton Clagett stud-
ied law under his father and was admitted to the
bar in 1787, beginning practice at Litchfield, N.H.
He was chosen in 1802 a representative from New
Hampshire in the 8th congress. He was appointed
judge of probate for Hillsborough county in 1810


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