John J. (John Joseph) Flinn.

Official guide to the World's Columbian Exposition .. online

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per floors as restaurants, first and second class. The view from the
Casino is a beautiful one.

New England Clam Bake Building Location, on lagoon near

Fisheries and Naval exhibits; 120 by 60 feet, two stories high, with
Casino or open roof. , A private concession.

Pavilions. — Numerous pavilions are scattered throughout the
grounds, -among the most notable being those in front of the Manufact-
ures building, and near the Peristyle. These pavilions wer erected by
concessionaires, among them being the VanHouten Co., Chocalate
Menier, Walter M. Lowney, Merck & Co., Walter Baker & Co., the
Wellington Catering Company, the Polish, Philadelphia, Hygeia Min-
eral Water and other concessionaires.

Police Station. — Erected for World's Fair police service, east side of
Lake avenue, north of S3rd st.; includes quarters for patrol wagon,
ambulance, and full force of police officers.

Puck Building;. — Occupied solely by the J. Ottman Lith'g. Co. and
the Publishers of Puck. Showing in full working detail the various
processes of making and printing lithographs, plain or in colors. Litho-
graphic and printing presses in operation daily from 8 A. M. to 6 P. M.
No admission fees.

Service Building. — Headquarters of all the minor officers of the
Exposition, police department, iSre department, etc. Located at the rear
of Choral Hall, between the Horticultural and Transportation buildings.

Spectatorium. — Buildings were to contain restaurants, caf^s, etc. A
private enterprise. The project was abandoned after $400,000 had been
expended.

Sunday School Ouilding. — Location, Stony Island boulevard, be-
tween 67th and 61 st sts., near Manitoba building; has a frontage of
85 feet, depth 150 feet. Constructed of wood and covered with staff;
cost $20,000; erected by the International Sunday School Association.

Terminal Railway Station. — Location, rear of Administration
building; designed by Atwood; cost $400,000. One of the most beauti-
ful railway stations in existence ; entered by thirty-five tracks. Capacity
for loading passengers, 43,000 at once. Building has beautiful fagade and
is one of the ornamental structures of the Fair.

White Star Building.— Erected by the White Star Steamship com-
pany, in front of Puck building, between Horticultural and Woman's
building. Exhibit of steamship models.



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VIEW IN DOME OF HORTICULTURAL BUILDING (Before Completton.)

( i6S )



WORLD'S COLUMBl'AN EXPOSITION. 169



GENERAL EXPOSITION INFORMATION.

Admission Fee — Fifty cents entitle tiie visitor to see and enter
all the buildings witiiin thie enclosure proper, except the Esquimau
village and Cliff Dwellers' exhibit. On Midway Plaisance small extra
fees are charged. Children under 12 years, 25 cents; under 6 years free.

Admission Ticltets may be had at pier, foot of VanBuren street,
in many down town hotels and shops, and at all the main entrances to
the Exposition.

Baggage.— Baggage checks are given by agents of Parmelee to pas-
sengers arriving on all trains. Single trunks are delivered, to hotels or
transported to other railroad depots or delivered at private residences
within a circuit of five miles of the citjr's center at 50 cents. Each addi
tional trunk, 25 cents. Rates to outlying points are slightly higher.
. ' Baker's Submarine Craft — A cigar-shaped vessel, for submarine
service, will be ex:hibited from time to time in the Exposition harbor.

^ Boats. — The interior Waterways of the grounds are equipped with
speed}' small boats for pleasure and transportation purposes, driven by
steam and electric power. Every /principal building on the grounds is
reached by water, and there is an ornamental landing for each. In the
service is a fleet of 40 electric launches, with a capacity of 45 people
each, known as "omnibus boats," making round trips of the waterways
and touching at each landing. A fleet of 20 express boats make round
trips, stopping only at 'each end of the route. A fleet of 50-foot steam
launches ply in Lake Michigan, entering the grounds at the upper and
lower inlets to the interior waterways, and taking passengers for the
round trip in the Grand Basin. On the interior waterway also is a
fleet of gondolas, manned by picturesque Venetians, These boats may
be hailed at any point for time siervice, similar to the street cab. [See
water and land transportation rates,]

Bonded Warehouse. — Located south of Midway Plaisance, for the ac-
commodation of exhibitors; in charge of the United States government.

Capacity of Transportation Lines. — Following is the estimated
capacity, per hour, of the different lines of transportation entering the
World's Fair grounds, from the city proper:

Chicago City Railway, Cottage Grove line 20,000

Chicago City Railwayj State st. and 63d st. lines 20,000

Illinois Central Railroad, on existing tracks 21,000

Illinois Central Railroad, on additional through tracks . . . , : 14,000

Water transportation between the Lake Front and Jackson Park 10,000

Water transportation between points on the North Side and Jackson

Park i S.ooo

Alley Elevated line 20,000

Total transportation capacity per hour i io,ooo

It is estimated that fully 25,000 persons may reach the grounds on
foot and vehicles by means of the subways under the tracks of the
Illinois Central railroad, thus making the total 135,000 an hour. This
total can be maintained for from three to four hours in the morning,
and for the same time in the evening, by which it is apparent that
300,000 can be carried to the park in the morning in a little more than
two hours, and returned in the evening in the same space of time.



170 THE OFFICIAL GUIDE

City Express and Baggage Telephones. —Blakeelee's, io6- no

Western ave., (West 886); Brink's, 88 Washington, (Main 1764); Brink's,
132-138 W. Monroe, (Main 3712); Converse's, 564 W. Madison,
(West 578); Hebard's, 330 Winchester ave., (West 283); Jones', 2221 Cot-
tage Grove ave., (South 416); Merchants', 90 Jackson, (Main 335); Mer-
chants' Parcel I)elivery, 27 Quincy, (Main 4S4); Merchants' Parcel De-
livery, 146 Pacific ave., (Main 2562).

Columbian Guards. — A semi-military organization, under the con-
trol and direction of the Exposition Company, with police duties and pow.
ers, but having no connection with the city police department. The
guards are under command of Col. Edmund Rice, U. S. Army, whose
title is Commandant. The force numbers about 2,000 men.

Directors of the Exposition. — The Board of Directors of the
World's Columbian Exposition company, an Illinois corporation vested
with the financial and structural management of the Exposition. The
personnel of the Board appears in the " List of officers of the Exposi-
tion " elsewhere. "

Drinking Water. — An abundance of drinking water is supplied fr^e
of cost. " Hygeia " Waukesha water may be had at i cent per glass.

Electric Fountains. — Exposition Fountains, Grand Canal, near Ad-
ministratipn Building. Yerkes Fountain, Lincoln Park; take N,
Clark or Wells st. cable cars to Lincoln Park.

Electric Storage Plants. — Installed by the General Electric Com-
pany ; used for charging the storage batteries of the electric launches,
upon the lagoons ; has a capacity of supplying 60 launches, each having
78 cells, or requiring a current suflicient to maintain continuously 6,016
candle-power incandescent lamps. The same plant supplies the electric
fountains.

Express Companies and their Location. — Adams Express Co.,
187 Dearborn St.; American Express Co., 76 Monroe St.; American
Express Co. Branches: 992 West Madison St.; 846 Root St.; 295 Thirty-
fifth St. National Express Co., 138-140 Adams St.; Northern Pacific Ex-
press Co., main ofiice, 138-140 Adams St.; Pacific Express Co., 89 Wash-
ington St.; United States Express Co., 89 Washington St.; United States
Express Co. Branches: 87 Washington st.; 227 LaSalle St.; 876 West
Madison St.; 239 Thirty-first st. Wells, Fargo & Co., 156 Dearborn st.

Festival Organ — In the Choral Hall, is one of the greatest ever
constructed, being more powerful than the famous organ in the Chicago
Auditorium.

Fire Department — Of the Exposition, fully equipped and under the
general direction of the Fire Marshal of Chicago.

Foreign Consuls in Chicago.— Argentine Republic, 83 Jackson st;
Austro-Hungarian, 78-80 Fifth ave.; Belgium, 167 Dearborn St.; Den-
mark, 209 Fremont St.; France, 70 LaSalle St.; German Empire, Borden
block, Randolph, N. W. corner Dearborn St.; Great Britain, 73 Dearborn
St.; Italy, no LaSalle St.; Mexico, 126 Washington st; Netherlands, 85
Washington st; Russia, 70 LaSalle st; Sweden and Norway, 153 Ran-
dolph St.; Switzerland, 167 'Washington St.; Turkey, 167 Dearborn st.

Central Offices of the Exposition. — Located in the Administration
building. Here may be found the Director-General, his assistants and
the heads of all departments.



WORLD'S COLUMBIAN EXPOSITION. 171

Guides. — For parties of five or less persons guides may be secured
at 50 cents per hour; parties exceeding five persons, 75 cents per hour.

Hack and Cab Rates. — Two horse carriage or " haclc" for convey-
ing one or two passengers from one railroad depot to another, or for a
distance not exceeding a mile, $i.oo; for conveying one or two passen-
gers any distance over one mile and less than two miles, $1.50; for each
additional passenger of same party or family, 50 cents; for two passen-
gers any distance not exceedingtwo miles, $2.00. For each additional
passenger of same family or party, 50 cents. Children between 5 and 14
years of age half fare. For use per day of hackney coach or other
vehicle drawn by two horses, with one or more passengers, $8.00. For
use of any such vehicle by the hour, with privilege of going from place
to place and stopping as often as required, first hour, $2.00; each addi-
tional hour or fraction thereof, $1.00. Traveling baggage carried free.
Cab Rates. — An ordinance passed by the city council in November,
1892, provides that the rates of fare to be demanded by the owners
or d/ivers of cabs or other vehicles drawn by one horse or other ani-
mal for the conveyance of passengers, shall not be more than 50 cents
a mile, or fraction thereof, for one or two passengers, and 25 cents for
each additional passenger for the first mile or fraction thereof. The
charge by the hour shall not exceed 75 cents, and 25 cents additional
for each quarter hour after the first hour. In the case of a vehicle be-
ing engaged by the hour and discharged at a distance from its stand, the
driver will have the right to charge for the time necessary to return to
his stand. In case of attempted imposition or exhorbitant charges, call
a policeman.

Harbor for Yachts. — Location, east of Peristyle, the water entrance
to the Exposition; anchorage for 500 yachts; extends 1,300 feet into the
lake. A charge of $25.00 per yacht for the season is made by the Ex-
position management.

Intramural Railway. — The plant is an exhibition in itself. Loca-
tion, southwest of Forestry building; 128x140 feet. The power house
contains a 2,000 horse-power AUis engine, which forms the central fig-
ure in the collection. Its shaft alone weighs 60 tons; it is 25 feet long,
and 24 inches in diameter. Trains on the Intramural Line travel
between stations at the rate of about 12 miles per hour. The loops are
south of the Convent of La Rabida, and over the lagoon north of the
Fisheries building. This is the first elevated electric railway ever built,
anywhere. A complete circuit of the Exposition grounds may be made'
in twenty minutes. Fare for any distance 10 cents.

Liquor Sale. — The sale of liquors is prohibited within the grounds,
save in restaurants, and must be served at the table in connection with
meals.

Live Stock Show. — In the live stock section south of the main
building. Bench, horse, fat stock, carrier pigeon, cattle, swine, and
other exhibits are given here during the Exposition. Certain dates are
set apart for each exhibit. These will be properly announced for the
benefit of persons interested.

Lost Property. — Inquire at any Police Station or at Central Sta-
tion, City Hall, Cor. Washington and LaSalle sts.

rioveable Sidewalk. — A mechanical contrivance which carries pas-
sengers from the steamship landing at the pier to the peristyle. It is a
continuous double platform, half of which moves at the rate of three
miles an hour, and the other half at the rate of six miles. All of the



172 THE OFFICIAL GUIDE

boats from the city land at the pier which juts beyond the peristyle, and
twenty turnstiles for the sale of tickets of admission to the grounds are
located here. . Fare, five cents.

Night Sessions. — Announcements will be made of night sessions.
These may be held once, twice, or six times during the week. During
the night sessions the electric and flash-light displays, electric fountain
exhibitions, etc., will be the special attractions.

Patrol Launch. — A launch patrols the waters of the Exposition as
a life-preserving or precautionary device.

Post Office. — Located in the Government building; under control
of the Postmaster of Chicago; force employed, 25 clerks and 25 carriers.
Money orders, domestic and foreign, are sold, letters registered, and
stamps of all denominations are for sale. The system of distribution
and other inside workings of the Post Office are exhibited.

Restaurant Capacity. — Provision has been made for the feeding of
nearly 60,000 persons at one time within the Fair grounds. In addition
to cafes and lunch counters scattered throughout the grounds, there are
great restaurants in all the principal buildings.

Roadway Exhibit. — ^The roadways are made part of the exhibit
within the grounds. They are intended to show the most approved
modern roadway construction.

Souvenir Coins. — The Congress of the United States in its session of
1892-3 appropriated $2,506,000 in silver half-dollar pieces to be coined as
souvenirs for the benefit of the World's Columbian Exposition. These
souvenir coins immediately took on an artificial value. The expectation
of the management was that each coin would sell for at least $1.00. Ex-
traordinary prices were offered for the first and last coins issued from the
mint. The first coin was "urchased by the Remington Typewriter Co.,
for $10,000. It is exhibited in the beautiful Remington pavilion, northeast
corner of main balcony, near northeast entrance, Manufactures building.

Telegraph Offices. — Main Office, Administration building, where
seventy-two operators are employed. Branch offices throughout the
grounds.

Toilet Rooms and Closets. — There are 1,500 ot these located at
convenient points, the use of which is free. In addition there are an
equal number of lavatories handsomely fitted up, for the use of which a
charge of 5 cents is made. [See " Special Information for Visitors."]

United States Parade Grounds. — In front of U. S. Government
building.

Waiting Rooms, Etc. — The Bureau of Public Comfort provides
free seats, waiting rooms, ladies' parlors, etc.

Whaling Vessel "Progress." — Moored at southeastern stiore; con-
tains Arctic and whaling relics; admission price 25 cents.

World's Fair Hotels. — A large number of great hotels are pro-
vided for the accommodation of visitors in the vicinity oi the Exposi-
tion. The rates charged for rooms vary from $1.00 to $5.00 per day;
from $7.00 to $25.00 per week. These rates are regulated to a great
extent by the character of the rooms required, their location, etc. Fol-
lowing are the leading hotels of the Exposition center. [This informa-
tion is given simply as a matter of reference for visitors. The Official
Guide assumes no responsibility in this connection. — Compiler.]



WORLD'S COLUMBIAN EXPOSITION. 173

Columbian Central Hotel, Sixty-second street, one block west of the
central gate of the Columbian Exposition, at Stony Island avenue and
Sixty-second street, convenient to the Exposition. The hotel is con-
ducted on the European plan, having in connection the Columbian
Central Cafe; 300 rooms; rates $1.00 per day and upwards. Exhibitors'
Union Hotels, location Stony Island avenue, between Seventy-first and
Seventy-third streets; constructed as World's Fair hotels, to be con-
verted into apartment houses at the close of the Exposition. Ten
buildings, at a cost of $25,000 each, are thrown into one. Each build-
ing is 94x115 feet, three stories high. The rooms of the various struct-
ures are retained by some firm exhibiting at the Fair, or outside firm or
society. The ten buildings contain over 1,000 rooms. Exposition Defot
Hotel, Seipp avenue and Seventieth street; three-story fr^me; 400
rooms. Family Dormitory, Seventy-fifth street and Yates avenue; two-
story frame, with 700 rooms. A wing 60x110 feet contains the dining-
room and kitchen. Fraternity, l^eventy-first street, opposite Bond
avenue, is a temporary frame building, 190 feet square, three stories
li'gh ; 330 rooms. Great Eastern, covers the entire block 'surrounded
by Sixtieth and Sixtj'-first streets and St. Lawrence and Champlain ave-
nues. The building wasextended on the street lines, with a great court
in the center of the block. Built of staff, its general appearance re-
sembles that of the Fair buildings in the park; 1,100 rooms; has
accommodations for 2,500 poople. Great North-western Hotel, Madison
avenue and Sixty-eighth street; four stories high; 600 rooms. Hotel
Boston, Fifty-fifth street and Jackson avenue ; four stories high ; brick
and stone; 175 rooms. Hotel Dunlaf, 1,200 feet on Sixty-third street and
167 on Madison avenue, is of pressed brick and brown stone, marble
hallways, and rooms finished in antique oak; five stories high and an
imposing structure; 170 rooms. Hotel Endeavor, Bond avenue. Seventy-
fifth street and the lake front; a large temporary structure intended as
headquarters for the various Christian Endeavor societies; in the form
of a hollow square, surrounding a court 217x242 feet, in which is a
chapel for concerts, lectures and meetings; three stories, and has eight
towers of four stories each; 620 rooms, and a dining-room 60x200 feet.
^oie/ .E/worM, headquarters for the General Board of Control, "The
Epworth Herald," and Methodists generally; corner Monroe avenue
and Midway Plaisance; a four-story structure 280 feet long by 178 feet
in depth, with an exterior of staff; rates $1.00 per day for each person
member of the association; rate to those not members $2.00 per day;
two persons expected to occupy the same room; a large restaurant is
attached. • Hotel Monroe, Monroe avenue, between Fifty-fifth and Fifty-
sixth streets; six-story stone, with terra cotta trimmiriigs; 670 rooms;
cost nearly half a million dollars. The court is entered by a driveway,
the floors are mosaic, the wainscoting is marble, and there is a marble
stairway. Hotel Renfost, Cottage Grove avenue, between Fifty-first ar.^
Fifty-second streets; of chocolate colored brick, with stone trimmings,
seven stories high; 400 rooms. Hotel South iS^ore, Bond avenue and Seven-
ty-third street; four-story frame structure covered with metai lathing
and staff; 1,000 rooms. There is an auditorium, with a seating capacity
of 1,500, where religious services are held- Hotel Thomas No. i. Six-
tieth street and Madison avenue, is of Portland granite; four stories;
300 rooms. Hotel Thomas No. z, Ellis avenue and Sixtieth street, is sim-
ilar to No. i; 214 rooms, and is four stories high. Hotel Thomas No. 3,
Sixtieth street, between Drexel and Wharton, is also similar to No. i;
six stories high ; 1 14 rooms. Hotel Veteran, opposite the Security, is a



174 THE OFFICIAL GUIDE

four-story frame, 230x327 feet, of 700 rooms ; has barracks, rooms for
meetings, and is intended for G. A.-R. men and their families. Howard
Apartments, Sixty-first street and Washington avenue, and Sixty-first
place, near Washington avenue; convenient to Sixty -first street, elec-
tric car line and Sixty-third street elevated station. A caf^ is operated
in connection with the main building ; $2.00 to $5.00 a day ; two persons
may occupy the same room without extra charge. King Alphonso Hotel,
located on Sixty-third street, at the terminus of the elevated railway at
the World's Fair grounds; European plan, to accommodate the travel-
ing public and especially World's Fair visitors; rates $1.00 to $2.00 per
day for lodgings; can accommodate 300 people. Knox f^orld's Fail
/fo/rf, Seventy-ninth street and Duncan avenue ; two-story frame ; 600
rooms. JLafayette, one block west of the Exposition grounds, corner
Sixtieth place and Hope avenue; five-story building; capacity about
500 per day ; rates from $2.00 to $5.00 per day. Leiter Hotel, erected by
T. Benton Leiter; capacity 1,000 people; Jackson Park Terrace, near
Exposition grounds. Leland^s Chicago Beach Hotel, Fifty-first street and
East End avenue; six-story brick; 400 rooms. The dining room, 75x115
feet, is a separate building. Louisiana, opposite the Exposition Depot
Hotel; four-story frame; 300 rooms. Manitoba Exhibit Hotel, Stony
Island avenue, near Fifty-ninth street; a four-story frame, 90x240 feet;
300 rooms. • Merchants^ and Business Men^s World's Fair Club, occupies
two acres of land fronting south on Seventy-second street, fiye blocks
immediately south of World's Fair grounds; one-half of ground occu-
pied; each room provided with double bedstead, ■woven wire spring
mattress, two pillows, one pair blankets, two chairs, one washstand,
with bowl, pitcher, etc., and one mirror; contract price $1.00 per night
for each room, regardless of number of persons occupying the same;
terms to transients $2.00 per day; rooms kept in order,, water supplied,
etc.; location very convenient, via Illinois Central to Exposition
grounds. Montreal, Madison avenue, between Sixty-second and Sixty-
third streets; four-story brick and stone structure; rates from $1.00
per day upward; accommodates 400 guests. Pullman, Fifty -fifth street
entrance to Fair; large and conveniently arranged. Raymond & Whit-
comb Grand, Fifty-ninth street, between Madison and Washington ave-
nues; 500 rooms. San Salvador, Sheridan avenue, near Exposition
grounds; capacity about 150 people; high class,; rates $15.00 per week.
Savoy, 257 Sixty-sixth street, between Stony Island and Hope avenues;
small family hotel ; rates $2.00 per day. Security, Seventy-third street
and Stony Island avenue ; four-story frame ; 300 rooms. Tower Hotel,
Woodlawn terrace, between Stony Island and Hope avenues ; six stories
and basement; stone and brick; 200 rooms. Vendome C/»i, Oglesby
avenue and Sixty-second street; eight stories and basement; 300 rooms;
roof garden where refreshments are served. Vermont, Fifty-first street
and Cottage Grove avenue ; eight-story brick ; 300 rooms. Waukesha,
Sixty-fourth street; 300 rooms. Western Reserve, Wharton avenue, be-
tween Sixty-third and Sixty -fourth streets; three-story brick. White
House, headquarters for shoe men, commercial travelers, etc., 5481 Madi-
son avenue; capacity 600 guests. Woman's Dormitory, Ellis avenue,
between Sixty-second and Sixty-third streets; 800 rooms. W. W.
Ingram Hotel, northwest corner Washington avenue and Sixtieth street,-
six-story brick; dining room seats 1,500 persons. '

Hotels in Chicago may be divided into three classes. The first
class includes such houses as the Auditorium, Richelieu, Leland,
Great Northern, Victoria, Palmer, Grand Pacific, Sherman, Tremont,



WORLD'S COLUMBIAN EXPOSITION. 175

"Wellington, etc., etc. The second class includes such houses as Gore's,
Kuhn's, Windsor, Grand Union, Saratoga, Brevoort, Burke's, etc. The
third class includes the cheap grade of hotels to be found on Clark and
State sts. and Wabash ave. on the South side, Madison, VanBuren and
■other streets on the West side, and on Wells, Clark and other streets on
the North side.. First class rates $3.00 per day and upward; second
■class rates $2.00 per day and upward; third cla,ss rates $1.00 per day and
upward.

Family Hotels. — Outside of either of the classes mentioned above
there are a large number of "family hotels," so called, because
they cater less to commercial transients than to regular hotel boarders.
Among these might be mentioned the Drexel, Woodruff, Hyde Park,
Holland, Lexington, Metropole, Virginia, Plaza, etc. Arrangements are
Tisually made for accommodations at the family hotels for terms run-
ning from a week to a month. The visitor must bear in mind that the
hotels of Chicago are divided, in a general sense, into two classes — ■


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Online LibraryJohn J. (John Joseph) FlinnOfficial guide to the World's Columbian Exposition .. → online text (page 15 of 17)