John Jacobs Thomas.

The American fruit culturist, containing directions for the propagation and culture of fruit trees, in the nursery, orchard, and garden, with descriptions of the principal American and foreign varieties, cultivated in the United States online

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often faintly reddened to the sun, bloom thin, white,
stalk an inch long, surtk little or none ; flesh rich yellow,
moderately fine-grained, in well ripened specimens orange,
very juicy, nearly free from the long, pointed stone; fla-
vor rich, luscious, excellent. As large as the Washing-
ton, and though inferior to the Green Gage and some
others in flavor, it is one of the most valuable of all plums.
Ripens end of summer. Origin, Albany. Shoots smooth,
growth closely resembles Coe's Golden drop.

LAWRENCE'S FAVORITE. (Syn. Lawrence Gage.) Large,
roundish, sl'ghtly oblong-oval, obtuse ; surface dull yel-
lowish-green, clouded darker ; bloom light, blueish-green ;
base, when ripe, with a brownish-red net-work and dots ;
stalk half an inch long, small, cavity narrow; flesh,
greenish, melting, juicy, rich, excellent; next to the
Green Gage in quality. Shoots short, rather upright,



326



TIIE PLUM.




THE PLUM. 327

downy; leaves small, dark green. Rather early or a
fortnight before the first of autumn. Origin, Hudson,
New- York.

WASHINGTON. (Syn. Bolmar, Bolmar's Washington.)
Large, often very large, roundish-oval, suture obscure,
distinct at base ; surface yellowish-green faintly marbled,
often with a pale red blush ; stalk one-half to three-
fourths of an inch long, slightly downy; cavity wide,
shallow, flesh rather firm, sweet, mild, moderately rich,
free from the pointed stone. Rather early, or the last fort-
night of summer. Shoots downy, very vigorous, leaves
very large. Origin, New- York city. This variety, al-
though not high in flavor, is a general favorite for its free
growth, great productiveness, beauty, fine texture, and
adaptedness to all soils.

Section II. Fruit medium in size.

Albany Beauty. (Syn. Denniston's Albany Beauty.) Size
medium or rather small, roundish oval, with a slight neck
at base, suture obscure ; surface pale whitish green, pur-
ple dots numerous, bloom thin ; stalk an inch or more
long, slender, scarcely sunk ; flesh yellow, moderately
juicy, rich, sweet, free from the small, pointed stone
Ripens the last week in summer. Shoots slightly downy
Origin, Albany, N. Y. New.

Apricot. (Syn. French Apricot.) Size medium or rathei
large ; roundish, suture deep ; stalk scarcely half an inch
long ; surface yellow, dotted and tinged with red in the
sun ; bloom white ; flesh yellow, rather firm, slightly bit-
ter, becoming, when ripe, melting, juicy, and pleasant.
Rather early. Shoots quite downy.

The English Apricot plum is a third-rate, clingstone, oval
fruit, with smooth shoots.

Autumn Gage. (Syn. Roe's Autumn Gage.) Size medium,
ovate, slightly conical ; stalk three-fourths of an inch long,
not sunk ; surface pale yellow, bloom thin, whitish ; fiesh
greenish-yellow, juicy, sweet, delicate, pleasant, free
from the long, pointed, compressed stone. Leaves point-
ed, shoots smooth, spreading. Ripens rather late. Growth
very slow. Very productive. Origin, Newburgh, N. Y



328 THE PLUM.

BLEECKER'S GAGE. Size medium; roundish-oval, regular,
suture obscure ; stalk an inch long, rather stout, downy,
slightly sunk ; skin yellow, with sunken white specks ;
bloom thin, white ; flesh yellow, rich, sweet, luscious,
partly free from the pointed stone. Ripens at the end of
summer. Shoots downy. Distinguished from Prince's
Yellow Gage by its larger stalk and later maturity.
Origin, Albany, N. Y.

Jlennistori's Superb. Size medium; round, obscurely oval,
slightly flattened, suture distinct ; surface pale yellowish-
green, slightly dotted and clouded with purple, bloom
thin, stalk rough, three-fourths of an inch long, moderate-
ly sunk ; flesh thick, (stone smalPj not juicy, rich, vinous,
free from the thick, roundish stone. Ripens rather early,
or last fortnight of summer. Resembles Green Gage,
rather larger, earlier, and not so good. Shoots downy.
Very productive. Origin, Albany, N. Y. One of the
handsomest of plums.

HUDSON GAGE. Size medium.; oval, suture obscure, one
side slightly larger ; surface yellow, clouded or streaked
faint green, bloom thin, white ; stalk about two-thirds of
an inch long, moderately sunk; flesh greenish, juicy,
melting, rich, sprightly, excellent, nearly free from the
small stone. Ripens two weeks earlier than Washington,
and three weeks before Imperial Gage, which it partly
resembles. Origin, Hudson, N. Y.

REINE CLAUDE DE BAVAY. Round-oval, greenish-yellow,
spotted with red, with small, violet-colored longitudinal
veins ; flesh rather firm, juicy, sugary, rich, of fine quali-
ty, adhering slightly to the stone. Shoots smooth, leaves
roundish, shining, the growth resembling Washinton,
but leaves smaller and shoots slenderer. Very productive.
Origin, Malines, in Belgium. New.

Coe's Golden Drop has been disseminated to some extent
for this variety.

ST. MARTIN'S QUETSCHE. Size medium ; ovate, broadest
at base; surface pale yellow; often spotted with brown;
bloom white ; flesh yellowish, very juicy, rich, excellent,
Ripens at mid-autumn, and keeps long. Shoots smooth.



THE PLUM. 329

A profuse bearer. One of the best late plums. Profitable.
German. New.

White Imperatrice. (Syn. White Empress, Imperatrice
Blanche.) Size medium, obovate, slightly flattened at
ends, suture rather obscure ; surface bright yellow, with
red dots to the sun, bloom very thin ; stalk half to three-
fourths of an inch long, cavity narrow; flesh crisp, juicy,
translucent, free from the small oblong stone. Season
medium, or early in autumn. Resembles St. Catherine,
but differs in being a freestone, and inferior in quality.
Shoots smooth. But little known in this country.

Yellow Gage, Prince's. (Syn. American Yellow Gage.)
Size medium ; oval, slightly broadest at base ; suture a
mere line ; surface golden yellow, slightly clouded ; bloom
white, copious ; stalk an inch long, cavity small, round ;
flesh deep yellow, rich, sugary, melting, sometimes rather
dry. Ripens early in 8 mo., (Aug.) shoots smooth, short-
jointed, leaves glossy, tree becoming spreading. Origin,
Flushing, L. I.

This is wholly distinct from the English- Yellow Gage of
the next section.

Section III. Fi-uit Small.

Drap d'Or. (Syn. Yellow Perdrigon, Mirabelle Grosse.)
Rather small, round, suture indistinct, apex dimpled ;
stalk half an inch long, slender ; surface golden yellow,
sometimes a few crimson dots to the sun ; flesh yellow,
sweet, rich, often half dry, partly adhering to the stone ;
ripens a week before the Green Gage. Shoots slightly
downy, growth slow. Not so good as Morocco, but bears
better.

GREEN GAGE. (Syn. Reine Claude', Bruyn Gage.) Ra-
ther small ; round ; suture faint ; surface green, becom-
ing yellowish green, usually with reddish brown dots and
network at base ; stalk half to three-fourths of an inch
long, scarcely sunk; flesh pale green; melting, juicy,
exceedingly sweet and rich, and unequalled in flavor.
Ripens about the middle of 8mo., (Aug.) shoots smooth,



330 THE PLUM.

buds with large shoulders, growth slow, and young trees
difficult to raise in most localities. French. Old.

There are many seedlings, inferior to the original, and ma-
ny worthless green plums called by this name. F. R.
Elliott, one of the best informed pomologists of Ohio, says
that he knows of but one or two genuine bearing trees
in that State.

The Schuyler Gage, of Albany, is a sub-variety, closely re-
sembling the Green Gage.

IMPERIAL OTTOMAN. Nearly medium in size, oval, suture
on one side half way from base to apex ; somewhat pel-
lucid ; surface pale greenish-yellow, marbled ; stalk
three-fourths of an inch long, downy,- slender, curved,
scarcely sunk ; surface dull yellow, clouded darker, bloom
thin ; flesh very juicy, sweet, excellent, scarcely adhering
to the pointed stone. Quite early, or two or three weeks
after midsummer. Great bearer. Nearly or quite as
early as Drap d'Or, and much better. Shoots slightly
downy ; tree hardy, succeeds well as far north as Maine.

Mirabelle. Very small, obovate, suture distinct ; stalk half
an inch long, slightly sunk ; surface a fine yellow, slight-
ly spotted with red, bloom white ; flesh orange, sprightly,
becoming dry. Ripens with the Green Gage. Shoots
downy, tree small. A small, beautiful, second-rate plum,
very productive, and valued for preserving. Its seed-
lings are used as stocks for dwarf plums.

Primordian. (Syn. Jaune Hative, or Early Yellow, "White
Primordian.) Small, obovate, necked ; suture small ;
stalk slender, downy, half an inch long ; pale clear yel-
low, bloom thin; flesh yellowish, moderately juicy, with
a rather sweet mild good flavor ; very free from the stone.
The earliest plum, ripening before midsummer. Shoots
quite slender, very downy, growth slow, and young trees
difficult to raise.

Yellow Gage, English. (Syn. Little Queen Claude.) Small,
round, suture on one side distinct; surface pale yellow-
ish green, becoming yellow, with a few reddish dots,
bloom dense; stalk half an inch long, slender, slightly
sunk; flesh very sweet, pleasant, quite free from the



THE PLUM. 331

stone. Ripens nearly with the Green Gage. Shoots
long, smooth. Of French origin.

CLASS II. FLESH ADHERING TO THE STONE.
Section I. Fruit large.

JSueVs Favorite. Rather large, ovate, broadest at base
suture distinct half round ; stalk two thirds of an inch

Fig. 256Primordian. Fig. 257 White Damson.




Fig. 258 Cos's Golden Drop. Fig. 259 Huling's Superb.

long, rather stout, little sunk ; surface pale green, thick-
ly sprinkled with lighter dots, base with reddish specks ;
flesh greenish-yellow, rather firm, juicy, rich, high flavor-
ed, adhering to the long pointed stone. Ripens at the
close of summer. Shoots, smooth, reddish. Origin,
Albany, N. Y. New.

BINGHAM. Large, (an inch and three-fourths long,) oval,
rather widest at base ; surface deep yellow, with rich red



332 THE PLTJM.

spots to tne sun ; stalk slightly sunk ; flesh yellow, juicy,
rich, delicious. Season of ripening inedium, or end of sum-
mer and first of autumn. Shoots downy. Handsome,
productive, and valuable. Origin, Pennsylvania.

COE'S GOLDEN DROP. Very large, (often more than two
inches long,) oval, suture distinct, one side more enlarg-
ed, necked ; light yellow, often dotted red to the sun ;
stalk three fourths of an inch long, rather stiff; flesh
yellowish, rather firm, rich, sweet, not fine grained, close-
ly adhering to the pointed stone. Quite late, does not
always ripen at the north requires a long season. An
excellent late sort, of English origin. Shoots smooth, ra-
ther glossy.

HULING'S SUPERB. Large, often quite large, round ovate,
suture shallow, indistinct ; stalk one inch long, stout,
slightly sunk ; skin dull greenish-yellow ; bloom pale,
thin; flesh rather firm ; flavor rich, brisk, excellent. Ri-
pens latter part of summer. Shoots thick, vigorous, dow-
ny, leaves very large. A moderate bearer. Origin, Pa.

Large Green Drying. (Syn. Knight 's Large Drying.)
Large, round, greenish-yellow, flesh yellowish, moderate-
ly juicy, rich. Rather late. English.

Mc'Laughlin. Rather large, roundish, oblate, much flatten-
ed at ends, suture obscure ; stalk three-fourths of an
inch long, scarcely sunk ; skin thin, tender, russet-yel-
low, sprinkled with thin red, purplish at base ; flesh ra-
ther firm, juicy, sweet, luscious. Ripens at the end of
summer. Growth vigorous, leaves large, glossy, shoots
smooth. Origin, Bangor, Maine, where it succeeds well
as is very fine. New.

Mulberry, Large, oval, tapering with a neck to the base,
suture slight.; pale dull yellow, with a few crimson dots ;
bloom thin ; stalk an inch long, slender, scarcely sunk on
the obtuse point of the neck; flesh greenish yellow, rather
coarse, melting, rich, adhering to the large, oblong,
pointed stone. Ripens the first of autumn. Shoots stout.
Origin, Albany, N. Y. New.



THE PLUM. 333

White Egg. (Syn. White Magnum Bonum, White Impe-
rial.) Very large, oval, narrow at ends, necked at base,
suture distinct ; stalk an inch long, not sunk, surrounded
by a fleshy ring at insertion ; skin light yellow, bloom
thin, white ; flesh firm, coarse, acid, becoming sweeter
by ripening, adhering closely to the long, pointed stone.
Ripens about the end of summer.

The Yellow Egg is very similar in character, but the flesh
partly separates from the stone when fully ripe. There
appear to be several sub-varieties.

T. Rivers, of Sawbridgeworth, England, says the Yellow
Magnum Bonum is an American plum of extreme hardi-
ness good, but not first rate flesh clings and bears
more freely than " our old White Magnum Bonum."

Section II. Fruit medium in size.

Dana's Yellow Gage. Size medium, oval, pale yellow,
marbled with darker green, bloom very thin : flesh juicy,
lively. Season medium. Very productive. Hardy.
Mass.

Downton Imperatrice. Size medium, oval, base tapered or
with a neck ; skin thin, pale yellow ; flesh yellow, melt-
ing, acid, becoming rather sweet ; ripens late, or two
weeks before mid-autumn. Shoots smooth, long, strong,
upright. For preserving. A cross of the White Egg
and Blue Imperatrice.

Emerald Drop. Size medium, long oval, suture deep, one
side larger ; skin pale yellowish-green, dull green in the
shade ; stalk three-fourths of an inch long, scarcely sunk ;
flesh juicy, rather rich, of second-rate quality, adhering
to the long pointed stone.

Lucombe's Nonsuch. Medium or rather large, roundish;
skin yellowish-green with yellowish-orange, bloom whi-
tish ; suture broad ; stalk three-fourths of an inch long,
cavity wide ; flesh rather firm, rich, sweet with acid.
Resembles the Green Gage, but larger, more marked
with yellow, and much inferior in flavor. English.

St Catherine. Size medium, obovate, suture very distinct,
passing half round ; skin pale yellow, sometimes slightly



THE PLUM

reddish to the sun, bloom thin, white ; stalk three-fourths
of an inch long, very slender, tlightly sunk ; flesh juicy,
rather firm, rich, fine, often nearly or quite first-rate in
flavor. Ripens rather late. Shoots smooth, rather slen-
der.

White Perdrigon. Size medium, oval, narrow at base ;
skin pale greenish-yellow, with white dots, and red dots
to the sun ; bloom thin ; stalk three-fourths of an inch
long, slender; flesh very sweet, slightly perfumed, of fine
flavor. Ripens about the end of summer.

Section HI. Fruit small.

Byfield. Small, round, suture a mere line ; stalk half an
inch long, pavity even ; skin light yellow, with red spots
at base ; flesh yellow, adhering to the thick stone. Rather
early. Shoots smooth.

White or Yellow Damson. (Syn. Late Yellow Damson.)
Small, (one inch long,) oval, pale yellow, dotted with red-
dish-brown ; stalk half an inch long, downy, not sunk ;
flesh rich, sub-acid, agreeable; ripens very late, hanging
long on the tree. Shoots smooth, growth free ; tree very
productive.



DIVISION II. RED, PURPLE, OR BLUE.

CLASS I. FLESH NEARLY FREE FROM THE STONE.
Section I. fruit large.

COLUMBIA. (Syn. Columbian Gage.) Very large, nearly
globular, one side slightly larger ; skin brownish purple,
reddish-brown where much shaded, with many fawn-
colored dots ; bloom blue, copious ; stalk one inch long,
rather stout; cavity small ; flesh orange, moderately juicy,
rich, rather coarse, free from the small, compressed stone,
or adhering at the edge ; flavor good, dot first-rate. Fruit
liable to rot. Season medium, or end of summer. Shoots
downy, stout, blunt, spreading, leaves nearly round. Popu-



THE PLUM. 335

lar from its large size, handsome appearance, and great
productiveness. Origin, Hudson, N. Y.

Diamond. Very large, oval, black ; bloom blue ; stalk three-
fourths of an inch long, cavity narrow ; flesh coarse,
slightly dry, somewhat acid, free from the long pointed
slone ; flavor poor. Shoots long, downy. Prolific, but
coarse, and only fit for cooking.

German Prune or Quetsche. Large, long-oval, curved or
swollen on one side, with a long tapering neck at base ;
suture distinct ; skin purple, with a thick blue bloom ;
stalk three-fourths of an inch long, slender, slightly sunk;
flesh green, firm, sweet, pleasant, free from the very long,
flat, slightly curved or lunate stone ; flavor second-rate
valuable for drying and preserving. Rather late. Shoots
smooth. There are several sub-varieties.

Mannings Long Blue. (Syn. Large Long Blue, Manning's
Long Blue Prune.) Large, long-oval, slightly one-sided,
suture obscure; stalk very long, slender, scarcely sunk ;
skin dark purple, bloom thick, blue ; flesh firm, rather
juicy, nearly free from the long, pointed stone. Rather
late, ripens gradually. Shoots smooth. Tree very pro-
ductive.

PEACH PLUM. (Syn. Prune Peche.) Very large, roundish-
oblate, regular, flattened at ends, suture distinct, shallow;
color varying from salmon to light-brownish red; stalk
very short, cavity narrow, shallow; flesh rather coarse,
juicy, sprightly, free from the nearly round, very flat,
much furrowed stone. Shoots smooth. Quality not very
high, but esteemed for its large size, handsome appear-
ance, and e'arly ripening. Matures about ten days before
the Washington. Shoots smooth, vigorous.

RED DIAPER. ($yn. Diapree Rouge, Mimms, Imperial
Diadem.) Large, obovate, somewhat necked ; skin red-
dish-purple, with a few yellowish specks, bloom light
blue; stalk three fourths of an inch long, slender, slightly
hairy, little sunk; flesh pale green, juicy, melting, rich,
of fine, but hardly of the highest flavor; free from the quite

15



338 THE PLUM.

small stone. Season medium or end of summer. Shoots
nearly smooth ; growth slow.

Red Magnum Bonum. (Syn. Purple Egg, Red Imperial,
Purple Magnum Bonum, Imperial Violet, Red Egg.)
Larne, oval, tapering to the stalk, suture strong, one side
swollen ; surface deep red in the sun ; bloom thin; stalk

Fig. SGO-Coe's Late Red




Fig. 261 Red Diaper. Fig. 262 Peach Plum.

an inch long, slender, cavity narrow ; flesh greenish,
coarse, firm, sub-acid ; valuable only for cooking. Sea-
son medium. Shoots smooth. Some sub-varieties are
clingstones.

Sharp's Emperor. Quite large, roundish-oval ; skin a bright
red, paler in the shade, bloom delicate ; flesh deep yel-
low, pleasant, moderately rich. Very productive. Shoots
strong, downy, leaves large. English. New.



THE PLUM. 337

Thomas. Large, round-oval, slightly irregular, somewhat
compressed on the suture ; skin salmon color, with a soft
red cheek, and numerous dots; stalk hairy, one-half to
three-fourths of an inch long, stout ; cavity small, narrow;
flesh pale yellow, somewhat coarse, mild, pleasant, free
from the very light-colored stone. Shoots slightly downy.
Productive. Season, medium. Origin, Boston.

Section II. Fruit medium in size.

COE'S LATE RED, or RED ST. MARTIN. (Syn. St. Martin,
Saint Martin Rouge.) Size medium, roundish, suture dis-
tinct on one side, skin light purplish red, bloom thin, blue;
stalk three-fourths of an inch long, scarcely sunk ; flesh
rather firm, crisp, rich, vinous. Very late, productive,
shoots, downy. A valuable late plum.

Corse's Not a Bene. Rather large, round, surface pale lilac
brown, often dull green in the shade ; bloom light blue,
copious ; stalk half an inch long, cavity round, flesh
greenish, rather firm, crisp, rich vinous. Very late, very
productive, shoots downy. A valuable late plum.

Cruger's Scarlet. (Syn. Cruger's, Cruger's Seedling.)
Medium, approaching small, roundish oval, suture obscure;
surface lively red or bright lilac, with numerous yellow
dots, pale fawn color in the shade, bloom thin, blueish ;
stalk half an inch long, cavity shallow ; flesh deep orange,
moderately juicy, mild, agreeable, not rich, good. Sea-
son, medium. Shoots downy. Hardy, adapted to light
soils, very productive. Origin, New-York.

Dennistorfs Red. Medium or rather large, roundish oval,
narrowed to the stalk ; suture passing half round ; sur-
face a fine light red, with fawn colored dots ; bloom very
thin ; stalk very long, slender, little sunk ; flesh amber-
colored, rich, good second rate, free from the small, oval,
compressed stone. Season medium, or last of summer.
Shoots smooth. Origin, Albany, N. Y., probably from
a seed of the Lombard or Bleecker's Scarlet.

Fotheringham. Size medium, obovate, suture distinct ; skin
purple in the sun, reddish in the shade, bloom T>ale blue ;



333 THE PLUM.

stalk an inch long ; flesh pale greenish-yellow, juicy,
sprightly, moderately rich. Rather early. Shoots smooth
English.' Old.

Holland. (Syn. Blue Holland, Holland Prune.) Round,
slightly flattened, blue or light reddish-purple, bloom
blue; cavity small ; flesh juicy, melting, sweet, pleasant
Season medium or rather late, hangs long. Shoots dow
ny.

Horse Plum. (Syn. Large Early Damson.) Size medium,
oval, suture deep on one side ; skin purple, bloom blue ;
flesh greenish-yellow, rather dry, acid, flavor poor. Sea-
son medium. Shoots downy. Common.

Isabella. Medium in size or large, oval, slightly narrowed
to the base ; skin dark dull red, dotted darker ; stalk
three-fourths of an inch long, a little hairy, cavity mode-
rate ; flesh yellow, rich, juicy, and slightly adhering to
the pointed stone. Shoots quite downy. Season medi-
um. English.

Italian Damask. Size medium, nearly round, slightly flatten-
ed at base ; suture distinct, passing from base to apex ;
surface violet, becoming brown ; stalk half an inch long,
slender, cavity small, round; flesh yellowish-green, firm,
sweet, high-flavored, very free from the oval, rather thick
stone. Season medium. Shoots smooth.

Kirlce?s. Size medium, round, suture small ; skin dark
purple, bloom thin, blue ; stalk three-fourths of an inch
long, cavity slight, flesh greenish-yellow, firm, rich, free
from the flat, broad stone. Season medium. Shoots
smooth. Resembles the Purple Gage externally. Often
spurious. English.

Morocco. (Syn. Italian Damask, erroneously, Early Morocco,
Black Morocco, Early Damask, Black Damask.) Size me-
dium, roundish, slightly flattened at ends ; suture on
one side only, shallow, skin dark purple, bloom pale,
thin ; stalk half an inch long, rather stout ; flesh greenish-
yellow, adhering slightly to the stone, rich, rather acid,
becoming sweet. Not first-rate, but valuable for its ear-
liness, ripening ten days before the Washington. Shoots
downy. A moderate bearer.



TUB PLUM. T39

Orleans. (Syn. Old Orleans, Red Damask, Monsieur.)
Size medium, round, suture distinct, slightly larger on
one side ; skin dark red, purple in the sun ; stalk one-
half to three-fourths of an inch long, cavity wide ; flesh
yellowish, sweet mixed with acid, of second quality in
richness, pleasant and good ; a fine culinary variety. Ra-
er early. Shoots downy. There are two or three sub-
varieties.

ORLEANS, EARLY. (Syn. New Orleans, Hampton Court,
Monsieur Hatif.) Size medium, round oval, suture shal-
low, stalk half an inch long, stout or longer and slender ;
cavity moderate ; skin reddish purple, slightly marbled ;
flesh yellowish-green, rather rich. Quite early, or -ten
days before the preceding.

Wilmot's Orleans scarcely differs from the Early Orleans.

Pond's Seedling. Medium in size, roundish, purple, stalk
short, flesh yellowish, rather dry, sweet with acid, flavor
moderate, second or third rate. Early. Shoots downy,
Origin, Boston.

Prince of Wales, Chapman's. Oval, bright purplish pink,
with a dense bloom ; flesh pale amber, free from the
stone ; shoots vigorous, smooth, leaves broad, roundish
Productive. English. New.

Prune d'Agen or Agen Date. Size medium, obovate, flat-
tened one side ; skin purple, bloom blue ; stalk short,
flesh greenish-yellow, sweet. Very late, profusely pro-
ductive. Shoots su:ooth, leaves narrow. French. Cu-
linary.

PURPLE FAVORITE. Size medium, or rather large, round
obovate ; suture obsolete ; skin brownish purple ; bloom
thin, light blue ; stalk three-fourths of an inch long
scarcely sunk ; flesh pale greenish, juicy, tender, melting,
rich, sweet, excellent, free from the very small, roundish
stone. Season about medium, or last week of summer.
Shoots nearly smooth, short-jointed, growth slow, much re-
sembling thatof the Red Diaper. Origin, Newburgh, N. Y.

PURPLE GAGE. (Syn. Reine Claude Violette, Violet
Queen Claude.) Size medium, roundish, slightly flat-



340



THE PLUM.



tened at ends, suture distinct, shallow ; surface violet,
bloom light blue ; stalk an inch long, cavity narrow ;
flesh rather firm, greenish yellow, rich, sugary, of very
high and excellent flavor, free from the oval, compressed

Fig. 260 Early Royal. Fig. 260 Red Gage.




Fig. 262 Purple Favorite. Fig. 263 Royal.

stone. Ripens rather late, hanging long, and slightly



Online LibraryJohn Jacobs ThomasThe American fruit culturist, containing directions for the propagation and culture of fruit trees, in the nursery, orchard, and garden, with descriptions of the principal American and foreign varieties, cultivated in the United States → online text (page 25 of 31)