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GEORGIA HISTORICAL SOCIETY

Collections, Volume XX



SELECTED EIGHTEENTH
CENTURY MANUSCRIPTS




Edited by

Albert Sidney Britt, Jr.

and

Anthony Roane Dees



Savannah: The Society, 1980



CONTENTS

Page

Government 4

Military 31

Legal 68

Industry, Trade and Commerce 107

Indian Affairs 136

Miscellaneous j.jg

Biogi-aphy 174

Index 179



Reprinted troni Georgia Historical

Society Collections, V^olurae XX

(c) Georgia Historical Society

1980



SELECTED EIGHTEENTH CENTURY MANUSCRIPTS



FOREWORD

This Volume of The Collections is composed of transcripts of
18th century manuscripts, through 1790, in the Georgia Historical
Society's Library which have not hitherto been published. Other 18th
century collections are planned for publication in later volumes. The
editors have transcribed these documents truly and faithfully. As far
as possible and reasonable, the original punctuation and spelling has
been preserved. Material supplied by editors is given in brackets.
Explanatory notes are in smaller type set. Though one purpose of
this book is to obviate the necessity of referring to the original docu-
ments, nevertheless, each item bears the manuscript call number in
the catalogue.

The collections are arranged by subject (i.e. Government, Military,
etc.), then within subjects they are arranged chronologically. However,
where continuity of several documents is important, they are kept
together. The whole work is indexed and there is a short biographical
section which identifies some of the many people whose names appear
in these pages.

Several items reproduced in this work were copied from photo-
copies. In each case the editors have noted this fact and where known
the location of the original is given. In a few instances, the original
was at one time in the Society's Library but has since disappeared.

This volume is published jointly by the Georgia Historical Society
and the Society of Colonial Wars in the State of Georgia. The editing
was done by Albert Sidney Britt, Jr., Historian of the latter Society
and a former President of the Georgia Historical Society, and Anthony
Roane Dees, Director of the Georgia Historical Society.

Albert Sidney Britt, Jr.

Anthony Roane Dees
November 7, 1980
Savannah



SELECTED EIGHTEENTH CENTURY MANUSCRIPTS
GOVERNMENT



278(1)



SOME ACCOUNT OF THE DESIGNS OF THE TRUSTEES

FOR
ESTABLISHING THE COLONY OF GEORGIA IN AMERICA

In America there are fertile lands sufficient to subsist all the useless
Ix)or in England, and distressed Protestants in Europe, yet thousands
starve for want of mere sustenance. The distance makes it difficult
to get thither: the same want that renders men useless here, prevents
their paying their passage; and if others pay it for them, they become
servants, or rather slaves for years to those who have defrayed that
charge; therefore money for passage is necessary, but is not the only
want; for if the people were set down in America, and the land before
them, they must cut down trees, build houses, fortify towns; dig and
sow the land, before they can get in a harvest; and till then they
must be provided with food, and kept together, that they may be
assistant to each other for their mutual support and protection.

The Romans esteemed the sending forth of Colonies amongst
their noblest works; they observed that Rome, as she increased in
power and Empire, drew together such a conflux of people from all
parts, that she found herself over burthened with their number, and
the Government brought under an incapacity to provide for them,
or keep them in order. Necessity, the mother of invention, suggested
to them an expedient, which at once gave ease to the Capital and
increased the wealth and number of industrious Citizens, by lessening
the useless & unruly multitude; and by planting them in Colonies on
the frontiers of their Empire gave a new strength to the whole; and
this they looked upon to be so considerable a service to the Common
Wealth that they created peculiar officers for the establishment of
such Colonies, and the expense was defrayed out of the public
Treasury.

* His Majesty having taken into his Consideration the miserable
circumstances of many of his own poor subjects, ready to perish for
want, as likewise the distress of many foreigners who would take
refuge here from persecution and having a princely regard to the
great dangers the Southern frontiers of South Carolina are exposed to
by reason of the small number of white Inhabitants there, hath, out
of his fatherly compassion towards his subjects been graciously pleased
to grant a charter for incorporating a number of gentlemen by the



From the Charter.



SELECTED EIGHTEENTH CENTURY MANUSCRIPTS &

name of The Trustees for Establishing the Colony of Georgia in
America. They are empowered to collect benefactions and lay them
out in clothing, arming, sending over and supporting Colonies of tlie
poor, whether subjects or foreigners in Georgia. And his Majesty
further giants all his lands between the Rivers Savannah and Alta-
maha, which he erects into a Province by the name Georgia, unto the
Trustees in trust for the poor and for the better support of the
Colony. At the desire of the gentlemen, there are clauses in the
charter restraining them and their successors from receiving any
salary, fee, perquisite or profit whatsoever by or from this undertaking;
and also from receiving any giant of lands within the said district
to themselves, or in trust for them. There are further clauses granting
to the Trustees proper powers for establishing & governing the Colony
and liberty of conscience to all who shall settle there.

The Trustees intend to relieve such unfortunate persons as cannot
subsist here, and establish them in an orderly manner so as to form
a well regulated town. As far as their fund goes they will defray the
charge of their passage to Georgia; give them necessaries, cattle, land,
& subsistence till such time as they can build their houses, and clear
some of their lands. They rely for success, first upon the goodness of
Providence, next upon the compassionate disposition of the people of
England; and they doubt not that much will be spared from luxury
and superfluous expenses by generous tempers, when such an op-
portunity is offered them by the giving of twenty pounds to provide
for a man or woman, or ten pounds for a child forever.

In order to prevent the benefactions given to this purpose from
being misapplied, and to keep up as far as human precaution can the
spirit of disinterestedness, the Trustees have established the following
method. That each Benefactor may know that what he has contributed
is safely lodged and justly accounted for, all money given will be de-
posited in the Bank of England & entries made of every benefaction
in a book to be kept for that purpose by the Trustees, with the Bene-
factors names, or, if concealed, the name of those by whose hands
they sent the money. There are to be annual accounts of all the
money received & how the same has been disposed of laid before the
Lord High Chancellor, the Lord Chief Justice of the King's Bench,
the Master of the Rolls, the Lord Chief Justice of the Common Pleas,
& the Lord Chief Baron of the Exchequer, or two of them, and printed
copies of the said accounts will be transmitted to every considerable
benefactor.

By such a Colony many families who would otherwise starve will
be provided for & made masters of houses and lands; the people in



6 SELECTED EIGHTEENTH CENTURY MANUSCRIPTS

Great Britain, to whom these necessitous families were a burden, will
be relieved; numbers of manufacturers will be here employed for
supplying them with clothes, working tools, and other necessaries;
and by giving refuge to the distressed Saltzburghers K: other perse-
cuted Protestants, the power of Britain as a reward for its hospitality
will be encreased by the addition of so many religious & industrious
subjects.

The Colony of Georgia, lying about the same latitude with part of
China, Persia, Palestine and the Maderas, it is highly probable that
when hereafter it shall be well peopled and rightly cultivated, England
may be supplied from thence with raw silk, wine, oil, dies, drugs and
many other materials for manufacturies wdiich she is obliged to pur-
chase from Southern Countries. As towns are established and grow
populous along the rivers Savannah and Altamaha, they will make
such a barrier as will render the Southern Frontier of the British
Colonies on the Continent of America safe from Indians and other
enemies.

All human affairs are subject to chance, that there is no answering
for events; yet from reason and the nature of things it may be con-
cluded that the riches and also the number of inhabitants in Great
Britain will be increased by importing at cheap rate from this new
Colony the materials requisite for carrying on in Britain several manu-
factures. For our manufacturers will be encouraged to marry and
multiply when they find themselves in circumstances to provide for
their families, which must necessarily be the happy effect of the in-
crease & cheapness of the materials of those manufactures, which at
present we purchase with our money from foreign countries at dear
rates; and also many people will find employment here on account
of such farther demands by the people of this Colony for those manu-
factures, which are made from the produce of our own Country, and, as
has been justly observed, the people will always abound where there
is full employment for them.

Christianity will be extended by the execution of this design; since
the good discipline established by the society will reform the manners
of those miserable objects who shall be by them subsisted; and the
example of a whole Colony, who shall behave in a just, moral and
religious manner, will contribute greatly towards tlie conversion of
the Indians, and taking off the prejudices received from the profligate
lives of such, who have scarce any thing of Christian but the name.

The Trustees in their general meetings will consider of the most
prudent methods for effectually establishing a regular Colony; and
that it may be done is demonstrable. Under what difficulties was Vir-



SELECTED EIGHTEENTH CENTURY MANUSCRIPTS 7

ginia planted? The coast & climate then unknown, the Indians
numerous and at enmity with the first planters who were forced to
fetch all provisions from England; yet it is grown a mighty Province,
and the Revenue received 100,000 pounds for duties upon the goods
that they send yearly home. Within these fifty years Pennsylvania was
as much a forest as Georgia is now, and in those few years, by the
wise economy of William Penn and those who assisted him, it now
gives food to 80,000 Inhabitants, and can boast of as fine a City as most
in Europe.

This new Colony is more likely to succeed than either of the
former were, since Carolina abounds with provisions, the Climate is
known, and there are men to instruct in the seasons and the nature
of cultivating that soil. The Indian families live in perfect amity with
the English; Port Royal, the station of his Majesty's ships, is within
thirty & Charles Town a great mart, is within one hundred and twenty
miles. If the Colony is attacked, it may be relieved by sea from Port
Royal, or the Bahamas, and the Militia of South Carolina is ready to
support it by land.

For the continuing the relief, which is now given, there will be
lands reserved in the Colony, and the benefits arising from them is to
go to the carrying on of the Trust. So that at the same time the
money by being laid out preserves the lives of the poor, and makes
a comfortable provision for those whose expenses are paid by it
defray'd; their labor in improving their own lands will make the
adjoining reserv'd lands valuable, and the rents of those reserv'd
lands will be a perpetual fund for the relieveing more poor people. So
that instead of laying out the money upon Lands, with the income
thereof to support the poor, this is laying out the money upon the
poor, and by the relieving those who are now unfortunate, raises a
fund for the perpetual relief of those who shall be so hereafter.

There is an occasion now offered for every one to help forward
this design, the smallest benefaction will be received and applied
with the utmost care; every little will do something and a great
number of small benefactions will amount to a sum capable of doing
a great deal of good.

The above manuscript of 9 pages and cover appears to have been %\Titten
before the settlement of Georgia and after the approval of the Royal Charter
establishing the Trust for settling Georgia, June 5, 1732. Much of it is a precis
of the charter and appears as if it was written with a view to soliciting contribu-
tions to the trust. Possibly it was a talk. The handwriting is clear, paper still
in good condition. The nine pages and cover are bound by string along the left
margin. See note of the following document for a possible source of this document.



8 SELECTED EIGHTEENTH CENTURY MANUSCRIPTS

278(2)

ABSTRACT OF THE GENERAL ACCOMPT OF ALL MONIES
& EFFECTS FROM SOUTH CAROLINA RECEIVED & EXPENDED
BY THE TRUSTEES &C OF THE COLONY OF GEORGIA.

Monies received by a Collection made by Mr. Samuel Eveleigh
and Mr. Gabriel Manigault from the Inhabitants of Charlestown in
South Carolina for the benefit of the Inhabitants of the Colony of
Georgia.

1734, April 11 £ 1,164 : 6 : 3

- - 26 75

May 6 12

The General Assembly of South Carolina, having passed an Act
the ninth day of June, 1733, for the speedier & more effectual relief
of his Majesty's subjects of Georgia, and for continuing the duty of
Three Pence a Gallon on Rum imported from the first of December
1733, for raising and paying Eight Thousand Pounds current money,
for the use of His Majesty's Subjects of His Colony of Georgia, and
the said duty as received, being to be paid over Quarterly from the
first of December 1733, to and for the only use, benefit & support of
his Majesty's said subjects of Georgia, and to and for no other use,
end, interest or purpose whatsoever. And Messrs Jenys and Baker of
Charleston in South Carolina, being authorized to receive the same
and transmit to the Trustees for establishing the Colony of Georgia in
America their Accompts thereof duly certified, the said Trustees have
charged themselves from such Accompts.

1. s. d. q.
1734, Sept. 6. The Amount of the first Quarter
of the Receipts for the said duty on 57,499 and
half Gallons of Rum imported from the first of
Deer. 1733 to the first of March following; as by
the Treasurer's Accompt — — — — — — — — 718 14 10 2

The amount of the second Quarter's Receipts
on 16,295 & half gallons of Rum imported from
the first of March 1733 [1734 ?] first of June 1734,
as by the Treasurer's Accompt 203 13 10 2

Jany. 10. The amount of the third Quarter's
Receipts on 45,259 Gallons of Rum imported from
the first of June 1734 to the first of September
following, as by the Treasurer's Accompt 565 14 9



SELECTED EIGHTEENTH CENTURY MANUSCRIPTS 9

The amount of the fourth Quarter's Receipts
on 41,150 Gallons of Rum imported from the first
of September 1734, to the first of December follow-
ing, as by the Treasurer's Accompt. 514 7 6

Total of all the Monies received of South Carolina Currency,
according to the Accompts thereof which came to England within
the time of this Accompt £. 3,254 : 7:3

Which total currency of South Carolina is in
Sterling Money the sum of £ 464 : 18 : 2

Effects received in America for use of the Colony of Georgia at the
times and from the several persons hereafter mentioned.
1732 January. Pettiauguas were provided at the charge of the Public,
pursuant to a resolution of the General Assembly of South Carolina,
to carry the new settlers to Georgia with their effects %i:. the Artillery
and ammunition on board the Ship Anne then at Port Royal. Febru-
ary. Col. Bull came to Savannah with four laborers, and assisted
the Colony for a month, he himself measuring the Scantlings &
setting out the work for the Sawyers, & giving the proportion of
the houses; & also gave the work of his foiu- servants for the said
month.

Capt. Macpherson with 15 of the Rangers, pursuant to a resolu-
tion of the General Assembly of South Carolina, covered & protected
the new Settlers until they enforted themselves, and as they had
occasion.

The Scout Boat at Port Royal attended the new Settlers as
occasion required, pursuant to a resolution of the General Assembly
of South Carolina.

Twenty barrels of Rice were sent to the Colony by order of the
said Assembly.

Mr. Bellenger at Purysburg by order of the said Assembly de-
livered to the Colony fifty eight cows with their calves, and four
Bulls, making together one hundred & twenty head of cattle.

Mr. Whitaker and his friends sent the Colony one hundred head
of Cattle.

Mr. St. Julian came to Savannah and staid a month, directing the
people in building their houses and other works.

Mr. Barlow and Mr. Woodward came to Savannah to assist the
new Settlers.

Mr. Hume gave a Silver Boat & Spoon for the first child born in
Georgia, which being born of Mrs. Close, were given accordingly.



10 SELECTED EIGHTEENTH CENTURY MANUSCRIPTS

March. Mr. Joseph Bryan himself with four of his sawyers gave
two months work in the Colony.

The inhabitants of Edistow sent sixteen sheep to the Colony.

Mr. Barnwell sent four sheep to the Colony.

Mr. Hammerton gave a Drum.

Coll. Bull came to Savannah with several of his relations and
sixteen servants belonging to himself and his family (while Mr.
Oglethorpe was at Charlestown) and gave a month's work.

1733, April. Capt. Odingsell and Mr. Grimball sent four Sawyers for
fourteen days and gave their work in the Colony.

Mr. Thomas Drayton sent a pair of Sawyers and Mrs. Anne
Drayton sent two pair of Sawyers to work in the Colony one month,
their labor valued at 60 1. South Carolina Currency, were part of the
subscription in Saint Andrew's Parish.

May. Mr. Whitaker and his friends gave fifty head of Cattle to the
Colony.

Capt. Odingsell, Mr. Grimball, Mr. Hamilton and other in-
habitants of Edistow, gave fifty head of Cattle to the Colony.
July. Coll. Bull, and Mr. Bryan came to Savannah to assist with
twenty servants whose labor they gave to the Colony.

1734, April. Capt. Odingsell and the other Inhabitants of Edistow
gave fifty more head of Cattle

His Excellency Robert Johnson, Esqr. gave the Colony seven
horses, value 25 1. South Carolina Currency each.

The Rangers were increased first to twenty, & afterwards to thirty,
and the Scout Boat ordered to continue another year. Of which in-
crease of Rangers, ten men part thereof is taken at £ 1,680 Current
money part of £ 4,000 to be levied & raised upon the several in-
habitants of the Province of South Carolina by an Act of the General
Assembly of the said Province, entitled. An Act to provide for the
better security of that Province against the incursions of the Indian
Nations, wherein it is enacted, that 1. 8,500 current Money be raised
and levied by the Inhabitants of the said Province for the erecting a
Garrison in the Upper Creek Nation, & for the maintaining twenty
four men in the said Garrison for the first year after the same is
erected, and thirty men for the second year then next ensuing. To be
paid to the use of the Trustees for establishing the settlement of the
Colony of Georgia, viz. 1. 4,000 to be levied and raised upon the
several inhabitants as the usual taxes for the support of the Govern-
ment shall be appointed for the year 1734. And the further sum of 1.
4,500 to be levied and raised for the year 1735 and to be part of the
several estimates for the said years. Provided the said Garrison shall



SELECTED EIGHTEENTH CENTURY MANUSCRIPTS II

be then erected and guarded by the said numbers of men severally &
respectively as aforesaid; & that the reinforcement of ten men to the
Company of Rangers be made & maintained for one year after the
ratification of the said Act, and be taken in lieu of 1. 1,680 current
money part of the 1. 4,000 to be levied & raised for the 1734 being
1. 14 a month for each of the said additional ten men for thirteen
Lunary months.

This abstract appears to have been prepared in England but for what use
and how it came to America is not known. A number of the enumerated contribu-
tions in kind are also contained in Historical Collections of Georgia, George "White,
New York, 1854, the companion of White's Statistics of the State of Georgia. The
date of the abstract is unknown, nor is there a signature. The writing is clear and
even, the manuscript consists of Si/g sheets with a printed left-hand margin, the
whole bound with a string on the left margin. The question arises: is this a part
of the twenty-two volumes of manuscripts which the Reverend Howard obtained
from the State Paper Office, London, in *1839? That collection of manuscripts has
been thought to ha\e been lost in its entirety in the fire in Professor Scomp's home
in 1891.



942 (1)

ON GOVERNOR ELLIS'S ARRIVAL IN GEORGIA

1.

Welcome! thrice welcome to our Land,
Georgia break forth in rapt'rous strain;
Great George our Sovereign is our Friend,
Be thankful and forget thy Pain.



How has this infant Province shook,
Under a lawless tyrant's sway;
But lo! the iron rod is broke,
Ellis is come to cheer our Day.



Ne'er was the Sun more welcome known.
To bless a weary Land's Increase;
Too long in Triumph Vice has shone,
and Discord harrow'd up our Peace.



•See The Search For Georgia's Colonial Records, published by the Georgia
Historical Society, 1976.



12 SELECTED EIGHTEENTH CENTURY MANUSCRIPTS

4.

Laughter no more shall Drop a Tear,

Ellis the Patriot bids rejoice;

A long adieu to ev'ry Fear,

Let Jo. Paans [?] tune your Voice.



Thanks to our Sovereign great and good,
His royal Hand is swift to save;
Destruction seem'd a coming Flood,
Ellis our guardian stems the Wave.



942 (1) Cont.

ON GOVERNOR REYNOLDS DEPARTURE FOR ENGLAND

1.

T's done at Length, the tumults past.
The storm that threat'ned is blown o'er;

R Id's Power has breath'd it's last,

Littl's vile Threats® are heard no more.

2.

The Planter now, his Hopes elate,
Pursues the rural Healthy plan;
Foretels our Georgia's prosperous State,
The great Idea charms the man.



Our Judgement Seat no more shall sigh,
Polluted with a murd'rer there;
Under our present Guardian's Eye,
Virtue her due Reward shall share.



^Philanthropos with a patriot Zeal,
Pleasing receives the high Command;



«threatening the inhabitants with martial law.
^Greek word for Philanthropists.



SELECTED EIGHTEENTH CENTURY MANUSCRIPTS 13

Faction and Discord vanquish'd fall,
Party, that Hydra, quits her stand.

5.

Thus have I known a stormy night.
Strike each beholder with dismay;
Joyful Relief from dire affright.
Behold a calm unclouded Day.

Americanus

The abo\e are photocopies of poems, the present locations of originals are
not known. However, Governor Ellis arrived in the Colony 16 February 1757 and
it is believed that these poems were probably written about that time. White's
Collections.



942(2)



AT THE COURT AT St. JAMES

the 4th day of December 1758

Present

The King's most Excellent Majesty

in Council



[seal]



Whereas there was this day read at the Board, a Representation
from the Lords Commissioners for Trade and Plantations, dated
the 29th of last month, setting forth, that Henry Ellis, Esqr. His
Majesty's Governor of the Province of Georgia, hath represented to
them, that his Health has been much impaired by the extraordinary
Heat of the last Summer, and requested, that he may have His
Majesty's Permission, in case he shall find it necessary, to repair to
some of His Majesty's Northern Provinces during the hot months of
the ensuing Summer; The Said Lord Commissioners therefore propose
that His Majesty would be graciously pleased to giant the said
Governor the same permission as is constantly given to the Governors
of His Majesty's Islands in the West Indies, of quitting their Govern-
ment, and repairing to any Northern Colony on the Continent of
America, whenever it is necessary for the recovery or Preservation of
their health. His Majesty having taken the same into Consideration,


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