Wichard W. Thompson, George W. Tanner, William Wogar,
William Wyatt, William L. Wood, Perminus W. Washburn,
Thomas Wilson, William M. White, Robert Walls.
Captains, David H. Lasley, Elias J. Gorby ; First Lieuten-
ants, Harvey L. Black, George H. Cake, Bartlett Boice ; Second
Lieutenants, Jonathan H. Lasley, Thomas J. Bradley.
The following are the other members of the company : Mil-
ton K. Bosworth, David Lasley, Albert G. Lee, James D. Roberts,
Jonathan Rupe, Alexander H. Shuler, William Bradbury, Lewis
W. Mauck, Jonathan Carson, William H. Bates, Elisha P. Meek,
Silas S. Fultz, David Skinner, Levi Dasher, Dennis G. Armstrong,
Jonas Butcher, William H. Butcher, Jones Butcher, Eli Butcher,
Melvin Boice, Thomas R. Cummings, George Coy, Alexander
Calhoun, William Ney Cable, John Enoch Dixon, Henry Barton
Fox, Charles Elihu Fox, William Asa Fitch, Mathias Fife, Wil-
liam Farmer, William H. Gilmore, Henry Grapes, John F. Gil-
lingham, Harvey W. Gillingham, Jasper Hysel, Thomas E.
Holland, John D. Huff, Marion Hill, Jacob Heinman, John W.
Haynes, John Hatfield, Daniel Irvin, Henry Jones, Chas. F. (T.) Ly-
ons, Samuel W. Lynch, John H. Lynch, Benj. F. Loury, Matthew
Lasley, Robert J .McCoy, Chas. Henry Murray. Wm. Morgan, John
A. Mercer, Matthew G. McConnell, Matthew Mauck, Moses R.
Matthews, John R. Matthews, John S. Manley, Isaac H. Mankins,
William Munley, Jackson Neff, Nathan Parkins, Matthew Park-
ins, Benjamin F. Rathburn, Jasper Ravenscraft, Peleg M. Rum-
field, Henry Richard Rawlins, John Andrew Reader, Isaac Rad-
ford, John P. Stedman, George W. Shibler, John M. Sisson, Alex-
ander Shuler, Jacob Saylor, John B. Thomas, Joseph Thomas,
John W. Turner, James Turner, George W. Torrence, David
Thomas, William G. Wilson, Andrew Wise, Michael White,
rles Henry Watson, Charles S. Walker.
53rd OHIO VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 233
Captains, David F. Harkins, Frank M. Lewis, David M.
Bnrchfield ; First Lientenants, Stiles B. Messinger, Samuel P.
Gorby, Samuel R. Betts ; Second Lieutenants, George N. Gray,
James C. P'oster,
The following are the other members of the company : Rob-
ert H. Brewster, Isaac Linduff, Benjamin F". Gorby, Isaac Boat-
man, Thomas S. Harkins, John F. Vale, John Kesner, Alfred
"Brown, John Holliday, Eli Kdmundson, David S. Harkins, Ben-
jamin }^. Addis, Elias J. Gorby, P'rancis M. Brown, James Duffy,
George N. Gorby, John S. Gorby, Levi Shirkey. William H.
Sheldon, Jesse H. Turner, Matthew T. Edmundson, Charles Ed-
mundson, William D. Gorby, John W. Allen, Thomas E. Aughin-
baugh, David Aleshire, Thomas J. Aleshire, Tennison B. Ander-
son, Dillard S. Barton, i\lexander Bain, Nicholas M. Baird, John
Barnhill, Reuben Bridwell, James Behem, Harvey Brown, Wil-
liam Brown, Joseph J. Barrett, Jonathan S. Barrett, William R.
Col well, Austin Crowell, John D. Clark, Wm. H. Campbell, Wm. A.
Chappelear, Henry H. (C.) Carr, Robert L- Deartnond, James H.
Dyke, John C. Davis, William H. Davis, William H. H. Douglass,
James Douglass, John Douglass, Moses P. Dawson, Christopher J.
Dawson, Ripley Eaubanks, George W. Eaubanks, Samuel Ewing,
James M. Edmundson, Henry H. Prowler, William Gorby, Peter
Gregory, Aaron Henson, Peter Hoffman, John W. Harkins, Sam-
uel R. Halliday, John M. Halliday, Drayton Hayes, Jacob Kenni-
son, Allen Keepers, Newton Kirkbride, Oliver Lyle, Boyd Lvle,
Isaac Lyle, William P. Leonard, John McCann, Elijah Maze, Da-
vis McManaway, John H, McCray, Asa A. Melton, Lewis Mapes,
David Neal, John Ogden, James Otz, Thomas Plummer, Green-
ville Poor, Thomas M. Patterson, Robert Patterson, Louis Queen,
Charles D, Russell, Lones M. Redferen, Henry Rife, Eli Rife,
Mills Rogers, Charles W. Rice, Lawson Reddic, John W. Rock-
hold, Richard J. Roush, James Scadden, William Scadden, Rufus
W. Strong, Jacob W. (V.) Smith, George Skidmore, John ShieJ ='
234 HISTORICAL SKETCH OF THE
Miles Standish, Joseph Shirkey, George A. Townsend, William
Turner, John Tippie, Benjamin Thomas, Isaac Vernon, Henry
Verigan, Thomas A. West, William F. Willis, Benjamin Wood,
William L. Wood, David Whan, William C. Williams, Williim H.
Williams, Albert C. Williams, James A. Williams.
Captain Preston P . Galloway ; First Lieutenants, Stafford
McMillen, Joshua Bailey, William Warrell ; Second Lieutenant,
The following are the other members of the company : Ed-
ward F. McAvoy, William A. Hearst, Moses Murphy, Isaac Fow-
ler, Otis Breubaker, Galusha Howard, John Logan, Jacob Beal,
Theodore Hard, Josiah Beal, John McFarland, Nathan Rulen,
Barney Smith, Jacob Ross, John Carton, James Daugherty, Ezra
A. Shank, William B. French, Albert W. Hearst, Edmond C.
Staight, Daniel Warrel, Bronson Devers, Henry Holmes, Calvin
Welcher, John Bergert, Samuel Burchfield, Zacariah Berry,
Thomas J. Butterworth, David Boze, Ezekial Brown, Matthew
O. Brown, Martin Beasley, George E. Breyfogle, A. W. Crawford,
John Carmody, John Canady, John Chalmers, Jacob Crynoe.
Charles Cook, Eli Cook, Cyrus W. Corwin, Abraham Claire,
Peter Conklin, William E. Darrah, Robert Darrah, Robert W.
Darrah, Thomas Dougherty, John W. Davis, James Davis, Pat-
rick Downey, George Eider, John A. Fisher, Noah F>rrell, John
H. Garrison Joseph Gerrick, William D. Gaby, John Gould,
Richard Gould, Henry Gravel, Noah Gilbert, Matthew Guard, Geo.
Gard, William J. (G) Gard, Martin Gard, Simon Hues, Daniel
Hoshington, William Howes, Charles Howes, Michael Heselbeck,
Milton Jones, William C. Jordon, William Jellison, John W. Jel-
lison, William Justus, George Lindsey, John Loyd, James Lin,
Louis Lang, Thomas Lowery, George Mosher, Jefferson Moore,
Peter Millingman, Martin Mungiven, Michael Maloy, Thomas
Murray, Charles H. Murry, Adam Masser, John H. Matchett,
53rd OHIO VOLUNTEER INFANTRY
Henry C. Masterson, Peter McConal, John P,. McClure, William
B. McKibben, Daniel McCleary, FM McConochy, Thomas McCon-
ochy, Daniel B. Nichols, David North, Luke O'Connor, Pxlward
Parker, Morris Pero, J. L. Pratt, James Ryan, John Shoulmyre,
John Sowern, Lewis Sluirtz, John V. Straight, P^manuel Schril)er,
Daniel Smith, Isaac Stelts, Joseph Tuttle, Charles Thrasher, Ben-
jamin F. Taylor, Jonathan Thatcher, Richard J. Voca, Calvin
Welcher, Joseph Whitmore, Godlape Wooster, Daniel Wever,
Chester Warrell, Louis Webber, Henry Williams, L. J. Wood.
James Woods, John A. Woods, Joel Zumbrum.
PERSONAL SKETCHES AND
53rd OHIO VOIvUNTEER INFANTRY. 239
THK REMAINING PAGES of this volume will be devoted to
personal sketches of the ex-officers and men of the 53rd
Regiment. No partiality has been shown by the author in the
selection of a particular class of either officers or men ; in the pur-
suit of facts and personal history he has solicited all of the officers,
and has generally urged replies. The correspondence incident to
the collecting of data and the dictation of the manuscript has been
voluminous, and for the most part pleasant and satisfactory. Only
occasionally has a crank been encountered. In numerous in-
stances the author's sympathetic nature has been aroused to an
extent that would not admit of publication. A few only have
treated the correspondence disrespectfully, but perhaps not inten-
tionally so ; but whatever the cause, the mantle of charity will
cover it, and the author extends hand and heart in loyalty, devo-
tion, and loving kindness to each and all of the comrades, be they
officers, non-commissioned officers, or of the rank. The God of
Battles, has been kind to each of us, why should not we as
we travel down life's shady vale evince the same spirit towards
each other ? The war is over, so also let all differences, if there be
any, be silenced and forgotten. The historian was neither part
nor parcel of any faction during the war, and thirty-five years re-
mote from that period he will not enter into any such entangle-
It would have been a pleasure and a delight to mention ev-
ery one by name and recount some valorous deed of each, but the
finances furnished for the publication of the history were inade
quate, even to make personal mention of all those contributing.
On the field of battle no officers or men ever displayed more
of coolness, courage and discipline than did those of the 53rd
O. V. V. I.
240 HISTORICAL SKETCH OF THE
SKETCH OF THE AUTHOR.
GENERAL WELLS S. JONES.
At the earnest request of the committee on regimental history
of the 53rd O. V. V. I., the writer has prepared for the his-
tory the following sketch of the life of Comrade John K. Duke, to
whom more than to any one else the survivors of the 53rd regi-
ment are indebted for the intelligent account of the part they took
in the war of the rebellion from 1861 to 1865.
The magnitude of his labors may be imagined when it is
known that it was more than thirty years after the close of the
war, and the disbandment of the regiment, before he began the
work of gathering together the fragments which he has woven in-
to a most interesting history.
Two or three prior efforts by members of the regiment had
ended in failure, and a man with less courage, indomitable energy,
and spirit of comradeship would have been deterred from under-
taking the task at this late date. Comrades Brewster, Dawes and
Truesdale had each been assigned to the work, but before its comple-
tion all had been summoned to the final roll call by death, and
the surviving members of the regiment unanimously requested
their comrade, John K. Duke, to prepare for publication an ac-
count of their marches, battles and services during the war, which
should preserve the memories of their sacrifices, and those of their
heroic comrades, who gave their lives in camp and on the field of
battle, that their country might live.
John K. Duke was born in Piketon, Pike county, Ohio, Au-
gust 20th, 1844, and is the son of Samuel aud Elizabeth (Ware)
HISTORIAN JNO. K. DUKE
As a Soldier Boy, Age 17.
HISTORIAN JNO. K. DUKE. Age 56.
5.3rd OHIO VOLUNTEER INFANTRY, 241
His father died in March of 1846, leaving him to the care of
his widowed mother, who died in May, 1883. He lived in Piketon
and attended the common schools, acqniring a good, practical edu-
cation. He enlisted in Co. F, 53rd O. V. V. I., early in 1864, join-
ing his regiment at Scottsboro, Alabama, which soon after began
the arduous campaign for Atlanta, which ended in the occupation
of that city by the Union forces in September, 18(54. He was
with his regiment in all the battles and skirmishes of this cam-
He went with Sherman on the celebrated march to the sea,
and through the Carolinas to Washington, D. C, where he par-
ticipated in the grand review.
Subsequently his command was assigned to duty in Arkansas
and Indian Territory, where they remained until August, 1865,
when he was mustered out with his command.
He has in his possession his gun and accouterments which he
carried through his term of enlistment.
He was a gallant and loyal soldier, with a fidelity and zeal for
his country's cause unsurpassed by any of the brave men who
offered their lives in the war for their country. His example in
this regard was well worthy of emulation by his comrades.
After the war he was engaged in school teaching, but in Octo-
ber, 1866, he located in Portsmouth, Ohio, and has since made his
home there, except as hereinafter mentioned.
He became a book-keeper in a wholesale hardware store, and
soon afterward secured a position in the Fiist National Bank, hold-
ing this position until 1874, when he was tendered the position as
financial manager and accountant with the Wilson Sewing Ma-
chine company of Chicago, and for one year had an ofRce at the
corner of Adams and State streets in that city.
At the close of the first year's contract he was transferred to
the company's office at 827 Broadway, New York City.
242 HISTORICAL vSKETCH OF THE
In a few years, his health failing, he returned to Portsmouth
and engaged in the real estate and insurance business, representing
fifteen of the leading American and foreign fire insurance com-
In 1890 he established a new system whereby loans .could be
made for building purposes, his methods being much superior to
the old ones for investing parties. Since that time he has built
up a business with assets amounting to about $300,000, giving
profitable investment to stockholders, and enabling hundreds of
people to secure homes in Portsmouth, thus materially aiding in
the growth and improvement of that city.
He is secretary, treasurer and general manager of his com-
pany, and has the reputation of being an able man of affairs.
He occupies an eminent position in the circles of the G. A. R.
He was the organizer and installing officer of every Post estab-
lished in Scioto county, and also in many of the surrounding coun-
ties in Southern Ohio. He labors untiringly for the good of the
order ; has been a delegate to the National Encampment, and is a
member of Bailey Post, No. 184, Portsmouth, Ohio.
He has been a life-long member of the M. E. Church ; is also
a member of the official board, and an efficient and enthusiastic
worker in the Sunday School.
He is an eloquent and instructive speaker, and often delivers
public addresses to Grand Army, fraternal and church societies.
The cause of education has always found in him a warm
friend. He served as treasurer for the Board of Education of the
city of Portsmouth for several years.
Mr. Duke cast his first vote for President Lincoln, while in
the army in 1864, and has never wavered in his support of Re-
publican principles; has always been active in local politics, an
able adviser in all public matters. He works quietly but persist-
53rd OHIO VOLUNTEER INFANTRY.
ently in the support of his party, which zeal arises from his honest
conviction that the best interests of the country will be subserved
by Republican rule.
Mr. Duke was united in marriage in 1870, October 27th, to
Lola C. Lloyd, daughter of Thomas G. Lloyd, an honored pioneer
of Ohio, and a substantial resident of Portsmouth. Their only
child, John K. Duke, Jr., is an intelligent young man, and pos-
sesses excellent business qualifications, and is a partner with his
father in business.
244 HISTORICAL SKETCH OF THE
GENERAL WELLS S. JONES.
General Jones was born in Paxton township, Ross county,
Ohio, August 3rd, 1830, being the third of a family of eight chil-
dren. His parents, Robert P. and Nancy (Smith) Jones, were both
born in Berkely county, Virginia.
In the early history of Ohio they immigrated to this State, his
father settling on a farm in Ross county, where they lived until
the time of their deaths. General Jones received a good common
school education, remaining on his father's farm until he attained
After teaching four years he studied medicine, graduating
from Starling Medical College, Columbus, Ohio, and then com-
menced the practice of medicine at Waverly.
In September, 1861, he commenced recruiting a company, and
in October following went into Camp Diamond, at Jackson, Ohio,
with Co. A, 53rd Regiment O. V. I., this being the first fnjl com-
4)any recruited in Pike county to help put down the Rebellion,
In the latter part of the winter of 1862 General Sherman was
organizing a force at Paducah, Ky,, to ascend the Tennessee River
and move upon Corinth, Miss.
The 53rd Regiment joined Sherman at Paducah in February,
1862, and became a part of his division. They remained at Padu-
cah until March. During this month they ascended the Ten-
nessee River, disembarking at Pittsburg Landing. Near this place
the battle of Shiloh was fought April 6th and 7th. This was
General Jones' first battle, and for gallant conduct he was pro-
moted to the Colonelcy of his regiment, and immediately assumed
command of it.
GENEIvAL WELLS 8. JONES.
53rd OHIO VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 245
During the following spring he participated with his com-
mand in the siege and capture of Corinth. During the summer
and fall of 18()2 he was engaged in campaigning in Southwestern
Tennessee and Northern Mississippi. In June, 18(>), he joined
General Sherman's command at Vicksburg, and i)articipated in
the siege and capture of Vicksburg.
After the surrender of Vicksburg he joined in the pursuit of
Johnston's army, and participated in the siege and capture of
Jackson, Miss. In July he returned to Vicksburg, where his com-
mand remained until September, when they ascended the Missis-
sippi to Memphis, and marched across the country to Chattanooga,
Tenn., where he, with his regiment, participated in the battle of
Mission Ridge, November, 18G.'].
After the defeat of Bragg's army at Mission Ridge, he marched
with General Sherman to the relief of Burnside, who was besieged
with his army in Knoxville, Tenn. After the relief of Burnside's
army he returned via Chattanooga, to Scottsboro, Alabama, where
he remained with his regiment during the winter, it having re-
enlisted for three years, or during the war. In the spring and
summer of 18G4 he participated in Sherman's campaign against
On May 13th, 14th and l-jth he commanded his regiment at
the battle of Resaca, Georgia ; May 27th, 28th and 29th, Dallas,
Georgia ; June 1st to 4th, New Hope Church, Georgia ; June 27th,
assault on Kenesaw Mountain. Georgia ; July 3rd, Ruff's Mills,
Georgia ; July 22nd, commanded during the battle of Atlanta the
2nd Brigade", 2nd Division, loth Army Corps, composed of the
53rd, 54th, 37th and 47th Ohio regiments, the 111th Illinois regi-
ment, and the 83rd Indiana. July 28th, he engaged in the battle
of Ezra Chapel, Georgia. August 28th and 2})th, he commanded
his brigade at Flint River, Georgia, and August 31st in the battle
of Jonesboro, Georgia. After the surrender of Atlanta, he
marched with his brigade with Sherman in pursuit of Hood's
246 HISTORICAL SKETCH OF THE
army, into Alabama; returned to Atlanta ; and November 15th
started with General Sherman on his march to the sea. Decem-
ber 13th, 1864, he commanded his brigade in the assault upon
Fort McAllister, Georgia, where he was severely wounded.
After the capture of McAllister and Savannah, in Feb., 1865, he
went with General Sherman on his march through the Carolinas,
participating in the battles of North Edisto River and Columbia,
South Carolina. March 20th, 1865, he was engaged in the battle
of Bentonville, North Carolina.
After the battle of Bentonville he marched to Goldsboro,
North Carolina ; after remaining at that point about ten days, he
marched with General Sherman against Raleigh, North Carolina,
near which place Johnston's army surrendered to General Sher-
man, Lee having previously surrendered at Richmond, to Grant :
after which he marched with Sherman through Richmond to
Washington, D. C, where he took part in the grand review of
Grant's army, after which he received orders to take his brigade
to Louisville, Ky., where he arrived June, 1865. Soon after he
was ordered to take his brigade to Little Rock, Arkansas, where,
August 11th, 1865, it was mustered out of the service, he having
been, March 13th, 1865, bre vetted Brigadier-General of United
States Volunteers, for gallant and meritorious services.
In September he returned home from the army, having been
engaged in active service at the front about four years. He re-
turned to civil life, carrying with him the respect and confidence
of all who knew him. Returning to Waverly he resumed the
practice of medicine, where he has since resided.
Politically, he has always been a Republican. Forty years
ago he started out to make Pike county a Republican county, and
has lived to see his early hopes fully realized. He is a conspic-
uous worker in state, district and county conventions, many of
which he has presided over. He is a well known political orator,
and it was through the efforts of such men that this section of the
53rd OHIO VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 247
state is rapidly becoming Republican. He has held state and dis-
trict offices with credit to himself and to the satisfaction of his
Socially, he is a man of pleasing address and unquestioned
integrity. General Jones is a member of the Loyal Legion, Ohio
Commandery, a Knight Templar, of the Masonic fraternity and a
prominent member of the Grand Army of the Republic. In his
religious belief he is an adherent of the Methodist Episcopal
The marriage of General Jones was celebrated in 18(j(j, when
he was united to Miss Elizabeth H. Kincaid, of Waverly, and who
died in LSI 6.
In 1881, he was married to Miss Mary F. M. Wetmore, a
daughter of Samuel F. Wetmore, one of the pioneer newspaper
men of Waverly. Three children were born to them, Robert R.,
Willard T. S., and Mary K.
The subject of this sketch, as might be reasonably expected,
has retained an interest in state and national affairs. True, he
sheathed his sword and returned to the practice of his honored
profession and business pursuits, in which he has been remuner-
atively successful. His religion and patriotism has ever been
based upon behalf of right and country and for the advancement
of the boys who followed his leadership for four weary years of
war. His record during the subsequent years has been to sub-
stantiate the fact that he did not believe his mission in life had
terminated with his military service, as he was only in the prime
of life. The social and religious battle of life has always receiv-
ed his careful attention. His record in the peaceful days of the
country has been for honesty in politics and for those principles
that counted most for the ultimate good of a united country. He
has happily blended with the above his great desire for constancy
in the religious world, in which he is no small factor. His un-
tainted military record has ever been but an index of his after life.
HISTORICAL SKETCH OF THE
His statesmanship, his scholarl}; attainments, his religious char-
acter have ever been wisely and, modestly directed. He is pre-
eminently a man of the people. His frankness, sincerity, and
goodness of heart makes him hosts of friends. He is a man "who
sees in every man a brother, and finds in each a friend."
His heroism upon the field of battle, his sacrifices in behalf
of country and flag, together with his priceless character, will be
bequeathed to a loving and lovable wife and three affectionate
children when the Supreme Power, the Eternal Commander, shall
summon him to that country where the rude blasts of war will
not resound upon his ear.
MAJOR E. C. DAWES
Prior to His Facial Wound. See Page 249.
MAJOR E. C. DAWES
Showing Disfigurement. See Page 249.
MAJOR K. ( . DAWES
After Nature had Covered His Disfigurement by Whiskers. See Page 249.
53rd OHIO VOLUNTEER INFANTRY. 249
EPHRAIM CUTLER DAWES.
" His soul rvas gentle^ and the elements so mixed in him
That Nature might stand up a7id say to all the ivorld :
Behold a man / "
Ephraim Cutler Dawes, born on May 27th, 1840, was the
youngest of six children of Henry and Sarah Cutler Dawes. He
was descended from good New England stock. His ancestor,
William Dawes, of Boston, rode with Paul Revere on his " mid-
night ride," and served as an officer in the Revolutionary Army.
The Rev. Dr. Manasseh Cutler, eminent in history and distin-
guished in the annals of science, was his great grand-father. His
grand-father. Judge Ephraim Cutler, (for whom he was named)
was prominent in the early history of Ohio tor a long public
career of great usefulness and honor. As a child and as a vouncr
man, Ephraim Dawes was much under the personal influence of
his uncle, William P. Cutler, whose example and instruction in-
spired him to all that was patriotic and upright in public service
and noble in private life. He passed through the freshman and
sophomore years of his college course at the State University of
Wisconsin, and his junior and senior years at Marietta College,
from which he was graduated with the class of 18(jl. He was a
member of the Phi P>eta Kappa Society, and received the degree
of Master of Arts in course in 1804. His standing as a scholar
while in college was very high, although he made no special con-
tention for college honors. As a speaker, he was noted for his
readiness and humor.
250 HISTORICAL SKETCH OF THE
Upon his graduation he was a't first employed as a civil en-
gineer by Mr. Cutler, who was then engaged in the construction
of the Union Railroad. But the war of the Rebellion had broken