John Kitto.

The pictorial history of Palestine and the Holy land including a complete history of the Jews (Volume 1) online

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PRINCETON • NEW JERSEY



Fart of the Addison Alexander
Library which was presented by
Kssrs. R.I. and A. Stuart.

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184 4

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THE PICTORIAL

HISTOKY OE PALESTINE



THE HOLY LAI^D,



INCLUDING A COMPLETE



HISTORY OF THE JEWS,

y

BY JOHN KITTO,

Editor of " The Pictorial Bible."



WITH FIVE HUNDRED ENGRAVINGS ON WOOD.

VOL. I.
BIBLICAL HISTORY.



LONDON:

CHARLES KNIGHT AND CO., LUDGATE STREET.

MDCCCXLIV.



CONTENTS OF THE BIBLE HISTORY.



BOOK I.— THE PATRIARCHS.

CHAPTER I. Page

First Inliabitants of Palestine .......... 3

CHAPTER II.
Abraham ............. 21

CHAPTER III.
Abraham and Isaac ........... 52

CHAPTER IV.
Jacob . . . . . . ... . . . . .91

BOOK II.— THE HEBREWS IN EGYPT AND THE WILDERNESS.

CHAPTER I.

Joseph . . . . . • • • . . • . .114

CHAPTER II.
The Bondage ............ 145

CHAPTER III.
The Deliverance ............ IGI

CHAPTER IV.
Sinai 191

CHAPTER V.
The Law 217

CHAPTER VI.
The Wandering 304

BOOK III. JOSHUA AND THE JUDGES.

CHAPTER I.
Tlie Conquest ............ 3.35

CHAPTER II.

From Joshua to Gideon .......... 365

CHAPTER III.

From Gideon to Samson .......... 392

CHAPTER IV.

Eli and Samuel . . . . . . • • • . . ,413



CONTENTS OF THE BIBLE HISTORY.



BOOK IV.— THE KINGDOM.
CHAPTER I.



Saul ....

David ....

Solomon ....
Israel, from 990 b.c. to 931 b.c.
Judah, from 990 b.c. to 929 b.c.
Israel, from 931 b.c. to 895 b.c.
Judah, from 929 b.c. to 725 b.c.
Israel, from 895 b.c. to 719 b.c.
Judah, from 725 b.c to 586 b.c.



CHAPTER II.
CHAPTER III.



CHAPTER n'.

CHAPTER V.
CHAPTER VI.
CHAPTER VII.
CHAPTER VIII.

CHAPTER IX.



Page
437



463
502
547
554
564
586
600
604



The Captivity
The Restoration .
From 420 b.c. to 163 b.c.
The Asamonean Princes



BOOK v.— THE REMNANT.
CHAPTER I.

CHAPTER II.

CHAPTER III.

CHAPTER IV.

CHAPTER V.



The Romans



625
638
656
692
720



ILLUSTRATIONS



BIBLE HISTORY OF PALESTINE.



Page

1. Title to the General History 1

2. An Oriental Migration ...... 3

3. Egyptian Scales, from Rosellini's ' IMoniitnenti del'

Egitto' 5

4. Egyptian King Money, from ditto .... 5

5. Island of Aradus, from Laborde's ' Voyage en Orient'. 8

6. Bedouin Eucampment ...... 21

7. Princes of Pharaoli, from ' L'Egypte — Antiquites' . 32

8. Egyptian Mau-Servant, from ditto . . . .32

9. Egyptian Maid-Servants, from Calliaud, Rosellini,

arid ' L'Egypte' ....... 33

10. Women of Egypt, lower class, from ' L'Egypte — Etat

Modeme' ... .... .41

11. Urfah (Urof the Chaldees), from Buckingliam . . 42

12. Well with Camels, at Cana in Galilee, from Cassas . 52

13. Woman veiled, from ' L'Egypte — Etat Moderne' . 53

14. Girl giving drink to a thirsty traveller, from Liborde's

' Voyage en Orient' ...... 66

15. Women on Camels, from ditto ..... 67

16. Oriental Shepherd, from Mayer's 'Views in Egypt' . 76
17- Egyptian Flint Knives, from Wilkinson's ' Ancient

Egyptians' ........ 81

18. Harvest in Palestine, Cana, from Laborde . . 91

19. Teraphira, from 'L'Egypte' ..... 93

20. Halt of Orientals on a Journey, composed from
Laborde ......... 95

21. River Jabbok (Zerka), from Buckingham's 'Arab

Tribes' 100

22. Booths, or Sheds, from' L'Egyiite— Etat Moderne' . 101

23. Tower in the Desert, from ditto . . . .103

24. Rachel's Sepulchre, from Buckingham . . . 103

25. Binding Sheaves, from ' L'ligypte' . . . .105

26. Bedouins and Travellers barg.iiuing for a Slave,

adapted from Laborde . . . . . .106

27. Pillows of Stone and Wood, from Wilkinson, and

Specimens in Salt's Collection .... 108

28. Egyptian Scaraba^i, Back and Side Views, from

'L'Egjpte — Antiquites' ..... 110

29. Ditto, engraved under Surfaces, from ditto . .111

30. Egyptian Amulets, from ditto ..... Ill

31. Pharaoh's Palace, from ditto ..... 115

32. Egyptian Stewards, fiom ditto, and Rosellini . .116

33. Egyptian Lady, from ' L'Egypte' . . . .117

34. Egyptian with a Tray of Meats on his head, from

ditto 117

35. Egyptian King on his Throne, from ditto . . 118

36. Triumph of Joseph, composed fiom ditto . . . 119

37. Signet Rings of Ancient Egypt, from Wilkinson, and

Specimens iu British Museum .... 120

38. Females of Priestly Families, Official Dresses, from

Rosellini, &c 121

39. Egyptian Granary, ditto 122

40. Storing Corn, from ' L'Egypte' 123

41. Bowing before a Public Officer, fiom ditto . . 126

42. " Slay, and make ready," from ditto . . . 129



Page

43. Egyptian House, from ' L'Egypte' .... 129

44. Egyptians at Meat, from Rosellini .... 130

45. Egyptian Wine Cups, from ditto .... 130

46. Egyptian Carts, from ditto ..... 131

47. Modern Syrian Carts of ancient form, from Laborde . 132

48. Carts of the Tartar Nomades, from Sebastian Ide's

Travels 132

49. Overseer of Cattle, from Rosellini . . . .133

50. Part of an Egyptian Funeral Procession, with acts of

mourning, from ' L'Egypte — Antiquites' . . 136

51. Mummy lying in its Case, from ditto . . . 137

52. Mummy Cases, and Marble Sarcophagi, from Speci-

mens in the British Mueum .... 144

53. Eelants in Persia, from Malcolm's ' Persia' . . 145

54. Moses and the Egyptian, the costume from Ancient

I Egyptian Paintings ...... 155

[ 55. Chapel of the Burning Bush in Sinai, from a drawing

[ by Mr. Aruudale 1.59

56. View on the River Nile, Minyeh, from ditto . . 161

j 57. Egyptian Bastinado, from Rosellini .... 163

i 58. EgyiJtian Couches, from Cailliaud's 'Recherches,' &c. 106

59. Ornaments of Egyptian Females, " Jewels of Gold

and Jewels of Silver," composed from various

Egyptian Paintings and Sculptures . , . 172

60. A Departure from Egypt in the present day, composed

from Laborde, S;e. ...... 173

61. Egyptian Registration or Census, from Wilkinson . 174

62. Adjeroud, from ' L'Egypte — Etat Moderne' . . 176

63. Suez, from the north-east, from ditto, ditto . . 1/7

64. Egyptian War-Chariots, composed from ' L'Egypte —

Antiquites' ........ 179

65. Egyptian Soldiers of different Corps, ditto . . 179

66. Dance of Females w ith Timbrels, ditto, and Rosellini 182

67. Ain Mousa, from a drawing by Mr. Arundale . . 183

68. A Valley in Sinai, from Baron Taylor's ' La Syrie' . 191

69. Wady Gharendel, from Laborde's ' Arabia" . . 192

70. Pounding in a Mortar, from Wilkinson . . . 194

71. Baking, Irom Rosellini ...... 194

72. Kneading, from ditto ...... 195

73. Wady Feiran, from a drawing by Mr. .'Vrundale . 197

74. Bedouin Encampment in a Valley of Sinai, from

Taylor's ' La Syrie' 198

75. Apis, the Golilcn Calf, from * L'Egypte — Antiquites' 201

76. Metal Mirrors, Egyptian, from specimens in British

Museum ........ 204

77. Winding the Yarn, from ' L'Egypte — Etat Moderne' . 205

78. Present Inhabitants of Sinai, from ditto . . . 208

79. Egyptian Worship, composed from 'L'Egypte — Anti-

quites ' Rosellini, Wilkinson, &c. .... 21'/

80. Hewers of Wood, from Lane's ' Arabian Nights' . 218

81. Water carriers, from Lane's ' Modern Egyptians' . 229

82. Egyptian Priestesses, from ' L'Egypte' . . .231

83. Egyptian Priests, from Wilkinson .... 233

84. Drawers and Girdle, from Calliaud .... 234

85. Girdle and Tunic, from Rosellini .... 235



\1



ILLUSTRATIONS TO THE



Page

86. Egyptian Miti-es, from ' L'Ej,'ypte' and Rosellini . 237

87. Egyptian Tunic, from Rosellini . . . .239

88. Ephod and Girdle, from • L'Egypte' . . . .239

89. Ephod and Censer, from ditto 240

90. Breastplate, from ditto 240

91. Slirine in its Sanctuary, from ditto .... 248

92. Shrine witli Idol, from ditto . . ... .249

93. Ark borne by Priests, ditto 249

94. Shrine and Ark borne by Priests, ditto . . .249

95. Shrine with Clierubim, ditto 250

96. Bas-relief, from the Arch of Titus . . . .251

97. Egyptian Lamps, from specimens in the British

Museum, &c. ....... 252

98. House-top, Ancient Egyptian, from Wilkinson . . 294

99. House-tops, Modem Egyptian, from ' L'Egypte — Etat

Moderno' ........ 295

100. Bedouins collecting Fruits in Palestine, Costume from

Cassas, &c 304

101. Egyptian Vintage, compiled from Rosellini,

• L'Egypte," &c 309

102. Rending Clothes, modern Syrian Costume . . 311

103. Departure of the Pilgrim Caravan from Cairo . . 318

104. Garden Bedstead, from Taylor's 'La Syrie' . . 320

105. Palm-branch Bedstead, from Wilkinson . . . 320

106. AssHs, saddled. Ancient Egyptian, from 'L'Egypte,

— Autiquites' ....... 321

107. Asses, with modern saddles, from ' L'Egypte, — Etat

Moderne' ........ 321

108. Earrings of Men, from Rosellini .... 324

109. Ancient Syrian Chief addressing the people, from

SjTian Figures in Ancient Egyptian Paintings . 335

110. Cairn and Kist Vaens ...... 341

111. Druidical Circle 341

112. Stones of Memorial, at Trelech in Monmouthshire . 341

113. Cromlech at Plas Newydd, from Painting in British

Museum ........ 342

114. Druidical Circle, Jersey, from Grose's Antiquities . 242

115. Treading the Conquered under foot, from ' L'Egypte

— Antiquites' ....... 347

116. Bethlehem, from a drawing by Mr. Arundale . . 365

117. Captives bound, from ■ L'Egypte— Antiquites'. . 367

118. HandculTs, from Rosellini ..... 367

119. Immolation of Captives, from Calliaud . . . 368

120. Scribe counting hands (cut olf), from ' L'Egypte—

Antiquites' ........ 368

121. Egyptian Slingers, composed from Egyptian Sculp-

tures 370

122. Slings, from Wilkinson . . . . - . . .3/0

123. Daggers, from ditto 3/2

124. Summer Parlour on the Nile, from Mayer . , 373

125. Ox-Goad, from Fellowes' ' Asia Minor' . . . 374

126. Harvest, from ' L'Egypte— Antiquites' . . . 3/5

127. Winnowing Corn on the Threshing Floor, from ditto 3/6

128. Back Veil, from ' L'Egypte,— Etat Moderne' . . 377

129. Egyptian Pitchers, from ' L'Egypte — Antiquites" . 384

130. Gaza, from Forbin .392

131. Victor greeted with "timbrels and dance," costume

from figures of Swians in Ancient Egyptian Paint-
ings ......... 396

132. Supporting Pillars of Eastern Buildings, composed

from ' L'Egypti',— Etat Moderne'. . . .403

133. Monumental Pillai-s, from Laborde. . . . 405

134. Druidic Stone in Persia, from Ouseley's Travels . 411

135. Druidic Stone at Darab, from ditto . . .412

136. Runners attending a Chariot, composed from Egyp-

tian Sculptures ....... 413

1.37. Ethiopian Car drawn by Oxen, from Wilkinson . 417

133. Indian Car drawn by Oxen, from Mandeslo . . 417

139. Turkish Arabah drawn by Oxen, from ' Sketches of

Turkey' 418

140. A Meeting near Mount Tabor — M(id



Online LibraryJohn KittoThe pictorial history of Palestine and the Holy land including a complete history of the Jews (Volume 1) → online text (page 1 of 105)