John Mason Peck.

A gazetteer of Illinois, in three parts: containing a general view of the state, a general view of each county... online

. (page 17 of 26)
Online LibraryJohn Mason PeckA gazetteer of Illinois, in three parts: containing a general view of the state, a general view of each county... → online text (page 17 of 26)
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^Ye west, ten miles northeast from Carthage. A flourish*
ing settlement.

Four Mile Prairie, in Perry county, adjoining Pinck-
neyville, is seven miles long, and four miles wide. It is
an elevated, dry, undulating, and fertile tract, with a
dense settlement, and lies between the Big Beaucoup and
Little Klra creeks.

Fourteen Mile Prairie, in Effingham county, receives its
rtame from its distance along the national road. It lies
east of E wington, is generally level, but has some dry land
and good points of timber.

Fox lUver, one of the principal branches of the Illinois.
It rises in the Wisconsin territory, passes through a
series of small lakes about the boundary line, and enters
the Illinois river at Ottawa.

Its general course is south. At the boundary line its
width is forty-five yards«

Several bodies of fine timber line its banks, especially
about the mouth o^ndian Creek and the Big Woods. At
the rapids, five miles above its mouth, are most extensive
water privileges.

Here the river is from eighty to one hundred yards
wide, with the bed and banks of coarse grained sand
stone. The rapids are sixteen feet descent, and both
sides of the river will admit of mills and machinery for
three^fonrths of a mile, with inexhaustible supplies of

The deficiency of timber near this spot is the only draw-
back upon it; but inexhaustible bodies of coal are to be
found but a few miles distant. ^

It furnishes a vast amount of water power, and can be

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^siiy made miyigri>1e by dams and alaek water. From
the town of Elgin near- the sooth part of McHenry eoonty,
it is a deep sluggish stream^ eonneeted with a string of
lakes, and is navigable within fifteen miles of Milwau-
kee. Hence, with small expense, a navigable cemmant^
cation may be opened from Lake Miehigan by MHwaoket
and Fox river.

Fox River^ a tribntaiy of the Little Wabaeh, dividing
the counties of Clay and Lawrence. It rises in Jasper
county, runs south, and enters the Little Wabash near the
line of Edwards county. The land along its coarse is
about second <)Oality for ibiB portion of the state.
^ Fox-Biver^ in the northeastern paK of White coonty*
It is a bayou that puts out from the Big Wabash, runs a
few miles, and again enters that river. The late Morris
Birbeck, Esq., known as one of the English emigrants
to Edwards county, and author of ^JLe/^erv^om/Zfe'iMw,"
was unfortunately drowned in attempting to swim this
stream on horseback.

Fox River post ofllce, is near Fox river in White county.

Frahtra^^ small settlement between the forks of Spooa
nver, and the borders of Henry connty, thirteen north,
four east.

Franklm Chove, in Ogle county, lies between Grand De-
tour and Winnebago inlet with seven or eight tsmiiliee
settled around it.

FRANKroRT is the seat of justice for Franklin county,
on section twenty, seven sonth, .three east of the third
principal meridian.

It is situated oa elevated ground, and has ive stores,
two groceries,- one tavern, with a blacksmith, wagon^
maker, saddler, and tanyard, together with a horse mill,
a distillery, and 150 inhabitants.

Frankiin, a town site and post4>ffice in Morgan oount]r>
thirteen miles southeast from Jacksonville. It has two
stores, one grocery and twenty families.

Ftaziet*9 Creek rises near the i>ase line, in Adams
county, runs west, and falls Into the south prong of Bear
creek. Along it ave fine ferms and a beautifol country.

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• I!ru^9 SeUlemmt is on the boiders oC a handtome pnu*
rie, in tUe southeastern part of St, Clair county, be*
tween the two Mud creeks, eighteen miles from Belle*

Frendt Chme^ in Putnam county, sixteen north, seven
east— a small grove settled around; -prairie dry and undo*
French Crrave^ small settlement in the northwestern

fiart of Peoria county, on the branches of Spoon river.
t contains three or four sections, of excellent timber
in groves, with abundance of rich, dry rolling prairie
around it.

French Seitltment, in the southeastern part of Lawrence
county, ten miles from Lawreneeville, is a timbered tract,
and rather broken. Of the population, which consists of
sixty families, about one half are French.

French Ftliage^ in St. Clair county, called formerly
Little French Village, was formed by settlers from Ca-
hokia about forCy years since. It lies on the bottom,
near the^ bluffs, on theiroad from Belleville to St, Louis,
and contains fifteen or twenty families.

Friends Creek, a branch of the North fork of Sangamon,
in Macon county, sixteen miles northeast from -Decatur.
The land is good, and the settlement large.

Funk^s Grove, a settlement in McLeaif county, twelve
miles southwesl from Bloomington. The grove is round-
iefa in form, contains about eight sqnare miles; and lies
on the main branch of Sugar creek. It has an excellent
soil, fine water, and is monopolised by a family connec-
tion of the name of Funk, from Ohio, who raise large
numbers of cattle.

FtUfer*8 Creek, near the south border of Effingham
county, enters the Little Wabash below Brockett*s set*
tlement. There is a considerable quantity of good land
on its banks, and a settlement of twelve or fifteen (ami*

Fuiton, a town^site at the mouth of the Ohio rvrer*
where it is contemplated to erect a monument to the me-
mory of Robert Fulton, whose Inventive powers io the

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appl'dtion of steam to navigition is fast transform iRg
tb4 immense regions of the valley of the Mississippi into
the garden of

Mercantile enterprise will undoubtedly yet triumpli
over the obstructions of nature, and erect a spacious city
at the month of the Ohio river.

Gagme^ a sluggish stream that runs southwest into the
Mississippi, and forms the boundary line between Ran-
dolph and Jackson coonties.

Galena is the seat of justice for Jo Daviess county,
and the principal town in the lead mine country. It is
pleasantly situated on Fever river, and on the fourth
principal meridian* It has eighteen or twenty stores, a
dozen groceries, four taverns and hotels, a printing office
that pnblishes the ** GizzeUcy^ a weekly paper, four law-
yers, three physicians, two schools, two preachers, a
pipe and sheet lead manufactory, a flour and saw mill,
a gunsmith, silversmith, saddler, tailor, several carpenters,
blacksmiths, brick and stone masons, etc.

There are about three hundred families and ten or
twelve hundred inhabitants. Fever river is navigable
for steamboats to the town.

Gap Grove^ lies in Ogle county, to the north of the road
from Dixonville to Buffaloe grove. Three sections of'

Garden Prairie^ between Richland and Rock creeks, in
Sangamon county, is a level, rich, beautiful prairie, two
miles wide, and six. or eight miles long, fourteen miles
northwesterly from Springfield, and containsa population
of one hundred and fifty families.

Germany^ a settlement of Pennsylvania Germans, in
Sangamon county, four miles northeast from Springfield,
and near the mouth of Sugar creek.

Geneva is a post office and town site in Morgan connty,
about ten miles southwest from Jacksonville.

George^a Creek heads in the interior of Johnson county,
runs south, and enters the ponds between the Big Bay
creek and Cash river. The land is tolerably rich, and
the settlement contains tweuty*five or thirty families*

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fa iLUNOfis. 209

Creorgdoum^ a pott town and Tillage, contaloing abent
twenty families and three stores, situated on the nortfac
uide of the Little Vermilioo, in eighteen north, eleven
west, in Vermilion eonnty, ten miles south of Danville.
A fine country, and flourishing settlements around it.

Crtorgttowni a town site in Sangamon county, twenty
miles northeast from Springfield, between Lake fork and
Salt creek, in section nineteen, eighteen north, two west.

Gtorgetown, in the eastern part of Randolph county,
contains one store, two groceries, a mill, and seven or
eight families. The post office ir called '' SteeUi't Mill."

OUettdf the former seat of justice of Calhoun county,
is situated at the foot of the bluffs, three-fourths of a mile
from the mouth of Salt Prairie slough, on section eight,
eleven south, two west.

It haa two stores, and a dozen families.

Oilham^a Settlement is in Bond county, nine miles east
ef north from GreenTille.

The land is of inferior quality, consisting of both timbei
and prairie.

Giimort^B Settlement is on Crooked creek, in Clinton
county, on the road to Shawneetown, twelve miles soutln
east of Carlyle.

G^*rar(4-a town site in the northeast part of Macoupin
county, on the road from Alton to Spriagfield.

GoLooif DA is situated on the soath side of Lusk's creek
and north hank of the Ohio. It is the county seat of Pope,
and has three stores, one grocery, two taverns, and about
twenty dwelliag hoases, chiefly framed and brick. The
courthouse is of brick, thirty-six feet square, two storiest
with a neat cupola. - It ia situated on the fractional town*
ship thirteen south, in range seven east of the third prin-
cipal meridian.

Gwee Creek enters the North fork of Sangamon, in
Macon county, twenty-five miles northeast from Decatan

Goehen is the oldest settlement in Madison county,
along ttie bluffs, west aud so^ithwest of Ed wards ville.

QrMe^e Setllemenl^ in Gallatin county, is aixteen miles
west from Equality, on the road to Fraokfoit.

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It is a large settlement, with censiderable tracts of good
farming land;

Graham^B Seitlemcnty in Alexander county, on the
north side, twenty-five miles northwest from America.
The upland is thin soil, but there is a rich bottom on a
branch of Cash rirer, which runs through this settle-

Qrafion is a town recently laid off, two miles below
the mouth of the Illinois, in Greene county. It is si-
tuated on a strip of elevated land, under the bluSs, and
on the banks of tbe Mississippi, and has a good land-
ing. It is on fractional section fifteen, township eight
north, in range twelve west from the third principal meri-

Several Islands in the Mississippi make this point the
real junction of the Illinois and Mississippi rivers, as to

The country a few miles back is rich, and becoming
densely populated.

Grafton is twenty-four miles from Carrollton, and ten
miles from St. Charles, in Missouri, and must soon become
a thoroughfare for travelling from the Sangamon country
across the Mississippi to St. Charles, and the regions
along the Missouri river. It has a post office, several
stores and warehouses, 400 or 500 inhabitants, and pro«
mises to be a place of considerable business. A charter
for a rail road from this place through Carrollton to Spring-
field has been obtained, the company organised and a por-
tion of the stock taken. A chartered company are about
to erect a splendid hotel, and a printing office is to be es-
tablished here in a few weeks and a weekly paper issued.

Grand Cote^ an eminence in a large prairie, in the eastern
part of Randolph county.

Grand Ddour^-h. singular bend in Rock river, in Ogle
eouBty, five miles above Dixonville* Here a town of th«
same name has been laid oflT, and by cutting a canal across
the neck of the bend for a short distance, a valuable hy-
draulic power will be gained. An enterprising company
are engaged in the project.

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Grand' Maraia^ ealled also dear Lake^ In SU Clair
coanty in the bottoniy between the Fieocfa Village and

Crrand Paase^ two lakes in the Illlnoifl bottom, at the
southwest corner of Greene coanty, so called by the
French explorers of liUnois, from the saceessive flocks
of geese seen flying from the one to the other. They
are connected with Apple creek by a stream called
Fislting creek.

Granger's Prairie is in the northwest part of Adams
county, and is three miles long and from one and a half to
mile wide. Very rich land.

Ground Pointy a small stream and settlement in Wash-
ington county, six miles northeast from New Nashville^
and containe about twenty families. The creek runs north
and enters Crooked ceek*

Grand Prairie^ Under this general name is embraced
tlie prairie country lying i>etween the waters which fall
into the Mississippi, and those which enter the Wabash
rivers. It does no/ consist of one vast tract, boundless
to the vision, and uninhabitable for want of timber; but
}s made up of continuous tracts, with points of timber
projecting inward, and long arms of prairie extending
between the creeks and smaller streams. The southern
points of the Grand prairie are formed in the northeastern
parts of Jackson county, and extend in a northeaatem
course between the streams of various widths, from one
to ten or twelve miles, through Pcfny, Washington, Jef*
ferson, Marion, the eastern part of Fayette, Effingham,
through the western portion of Coles, into Champaign
and Iroquois counties, where it becomes connected with
the prairies that prqject eastward from tlte Illinois river
and its tributaries. A large arm lie? in Marion county,
between \he waters of Crooked creek and the East fork
of the Kaskaskia river, where the Vincennes road passes
through in it? longest direction. This is frequently called
the Grand prairie.

Much the largest part of the Grand prairie is gently
undulating; but of the southern portion considerable tracts

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aie^flftt^Hbciof Tktber iofarior soil. N» iimannoaota^le
obMade eii^ts to its future population. No portion of it
is more than six or ei|^bt miles distant from timber, and
eottl in abondance is fouad in varioos parts. Those who
have witnessed the changes prod need upon a prairie sur-
face within twenty or thirty years, consider these extensiTe
prairies as ofiering no serious impediment io^the future
growth of the state.

Grand Prairie^ in Crawford county. The tract o( prairie
between the Bmharras and Wabash rivers, commen/ciuff
in Crawford county, and running northward through Clark
and Edgar into Vermilion county, is called Grand prai-
rie^ by the citizens of those counties. It is not of great
width, Interspersed with long points of timber on' the
streams, and frequently throwing out arms, of prairie land
between those streams.

The prairie soil in this region is not equal in quality to
Ihat further north and west. With the exception of the
sand prairies along the Wabash, the soil is thinner, less
andolating, and more inclined to be wet.

Grand Tower^ a perpendicular sand rock rising from the
bed of the Mississippi, near the Missouri side, and a short
dtstanee above the mouth of Big Muddy river. The top
is level, seventy or eighty feet high, and supports a stratum
ef soil on which are found a few .stuntchd cedars and
•fambs. Here are indications that a barrier of rock once
extended across the Mississippi, and formed a grand
cataract. The bed of the river, at a low stage of water
^11 exhibits a chain of sunken rocks. The ** Devils Tea
7\iMe," ** £aek Bone,^* etc. are names given by the boat*
men of the Mississippi to the singularly formed, abrupt^
and romantic precipices that line the banks of that river in
the vicinity of the Grand Tower.

Grand Fkw, a village in the southweetem part of Edgar
county, ten miles from Paris, and on the state road to
Yaadalia. It is on, and surrounded by a beautiful, rollini^
rich prairie, near the head waters of Big creek. A post
^' I is here.

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Gnwfjr Creeks in Franklin codnty, a branch of Grab
Orchard. Good land.

Qraywille^ a town of fifteen or twenty fatmilies and a
convenient landing on the Big Wabash, in the northeast
corner of White county, and at the month of the Bon Pas

It has 3 stores, 1 grocery, 2 taverns, one steam taw and
prrist nnill and 100 inhabitants. Ezportoiibont |[100,009;
imports, {||30,000 per annum.

This ia a convenient place of deposit for £^<iwardfl

Oregory^t Settlement^ in Clinton cMinty, fifteen miles
northwest of Carlyle.

Qreen Plains^ a post oflSoe and settlement, in Hancock
county 8 miles southeast of Warsaw.

Greenfield^ a town site near Lick creek, in Sangamon
county, fifteen miles southwesterly fVom Springfield on
sections three and ten, fourteen north, seven west, Mere-
dith's mills are in the vicinity.

Greenfield^ a town site in Green county, in String
prairie, lO^miles east from Carrollton. It has two stores, '
a carding machine and a dosen families.

Greenfield^ a town site in Putnam county, near the
head of the Bureau timber, on section twenty -four, eighteen
north, ten east. It has half a dozen houses.

Greenup^ a town site and post office, on the Naiional
Road east of the Embarras, in Coles county. It has
2 stores, 3 saw and one grist mill and about 30 familiea*

Greenville, the seat of justice for Bond county, is a
pleasant village on the East fork of Shoal creek, on sec-
tion ten, township five norths in range three west of the
third principal meridian.

It has 4 stores, 3 taverns, 3 physicians, 1 lawyer, va-
rious mechanics, and 800 inhabitants. The court house
is a two story frame building, unfinished. ,

GreenU Settlement^ in Bond county, seven miles south-
west from Greenville. The country around is proportioned
into timber and prairie.

Green River has its rise in the Winnebago and other

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S14 A«»M«TT£SE

H^aoips iQ Ogb and Henry ■eoQDtles, rana a west course
through Henry coaiity, and enters ReckrWer ki township
Beventeen north, one weet. It is a deep ela^sh stream
well adapted to navigation and below the awamps has
nuich fine land both timber and prairie.

Griggsvilky a town site and post office in Pike coooly^
eight miles northeast from Pittsfield, onsectioas Afteenand
tweBty*>two9 four south, three west. It is four miles west
of Phillip's ferry on the Illinois river, on high ground, and
on the border of a large, undulating prairie, ai^ surround-
ed with good settlements.

GtimUtme Fork^ a branch of Crooked creek, 4q the soath
part of McDonough county.

€rri9moltr8 Fast Office it in Lock wood's settlement,
Hamilton county, twenty miles north of Equality.

Gro» P&ifU is a proaiontory that puts into Lake Michi-
gan^ twelve miles above Chicago. It is twenty feet higii^
projects two hoodred yards ioto the lak0, rich, timbered
land, and settled arouod«

^ Chravdmd^ a poet office and town site, i n Taze wel 1 cob n-
ty, on section twenty-seven, towosliip twenty-five north*
range five west, and on the road from Springfield to Pe-

^ GviLFOED, the new eoun^ seat of Calhoun county, it
situated on the west side of the Illinois river, in fractional
Uwnship eleven south, two west, one mile below and op-
posite the mouth of the Macoupin. It has been recently
laid off and is ^said to be weU situated jfbr business pur*

A company haa been chartered to cut a canal from ih%
Mississippi near Gilead, the former seat of justice, to the
Illinois river at Guilford. The distance doee not exceed
three miles, and by tnnnding a short distance under the
bluff, it is said the work can be ~necompiished, and m
steamboat canal coustroeted at comparatively small ex>
pense. This communication would save fifty mike navi-
gation from the Illinois river to the Upper Mississippi,
and, as the latter is elevated consideraUy above the

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formir, create an miinen«e water power, wliieli is the ob^
ject of the company.

Oum*3 Fert. S^ Hmderson^a Settlement^ Knox coonty.

Gtm Prairie, in lefferson county, six miles south t)f
Mount Vernon, two m^Ae^ long, and one mile wide. The
land is good, and th^ settlement contarne twenty families.

Hadity^e Creek rises in the north part of Pike county, in
four south, three west, and enters the Snycertee slough,
l^e land is undulating bat good.

Hadley, a post offi^ and settlement, in Will county*,
eight miles northeast of Juliett, and on the road to Chi-

Hambitrgy a landing on the MississtpiH, in Calhoun
county, and the residence of John Shaw, Esq., ten miles
northwest of Gilead. The landing is said to be good,
and the bank high. Here is a post office of the same

HammeVs Settlement, in Coles county, on the east side
of the Embarras, twenty-two miles north of Charleston.
The land is good, generally rolling, and the settlement
bas 4welTe or fifteen families.

Hancock Prairie commences above Bear creek, in A^
amtt county. Thi« is an extensive tract of rich prairie,
tolerably level, which runs through Hancock county,
asters Warren, and stretches between Henderson and
8f>oon rivers indefinitely north. Its width is varitms, being
from ten to twenty miles.

A principal road to Rock river and northward passes
through this prairie.

Hanover, a town site in T^izeweH county, on sections
•eveateeU and twenty, township twenty-seven north,
range two west, and on the road from Springfield, viii
Tremont, to Ottawa. A steam mill* and severalhutklings
are in process of erection. A charter has been obtained
for a college, which is contemplated to be brought into
operation by the fiaptist Reformers.

&rden''8 Settlement, in the eoutheaat part of Haneoek
county, on the head and along the North fork of Beair

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31^ « A eAZSTTBSm

ereek. The land is ezoeUeRt and well watwedy with a
tolerable supply of good timber.

Harffr€we*^8 PrairU^ m Wayne county, adjoining Ftir-
field. it is about seven miles long and two wide: rolling,
and thin soil. . Population about one hundred families.

ffarkness's Settlement is on the west aide of Peoria coan-
ty, adjoining Fulton, twelve miles west from Peoria.

Harris's Creek rises in the bluffs of the Ohio river, in
Gallatin county, runs a north course, and enters Saline
creek, fifteen miles, below Equality* Much of the land
on its borders is rough and br<^en, interspersed with tracts
of good soil.

HarrieonmUe^ the former seat of justice of Monroe coun-
ty, situated on the east bank of the Mississippi, and nearly
opposite Herculaneum. It is a place of very little account,
having not more than half a dozen families.

Havanna^ a town site and landing on the Illinois river,
directly opposite the mouth of Spoon river.

It^as an eligible situation on a high sand ridge, fifty
leet above the highest floods of the river. It is on section
one, township twenty-one north, in range nine west of the
third principal meridian.

Havanna is well situated to receive the produce and
direct the trade of a pretty extensive country on both
sides of the Illinois river, and is on the great thoroughfare
from Indiana, by Danville and Bloomington to the conn*
ties that lie to the west and north.

Haw Creek is a branch of Spoon riv«r, twenty miles
long, that rises in the middle part of Knox county, runs
east, and enters Spoon river.

The country on its borders is first rate for settlemeota,
which are forming fast.

It has some good mill seats.

Hawkiru Frairie, in Greene connty, on the south side
of the Macoupin, and nine miles east of south from Car-

HazePe Settlement is in Pope county, on the road to Vi-

Head of Apple Creek is an extensive settlement in the

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Boo^tdastora piirt of Btogao^ ooantf , mgiiteen mHes from
Jacksonville. . '

It is afertiie tract, tolerably level, and has about three
liQndhred families.

Head of Apple River ts a settlement in Jo Datiese
oounty, eoatheaet of Galena.

Head of lUMand is a ^m settlem^t of fifty or siz^
Amities In. ^Saogamonoounty, seventeen noith, seven
west, on Richland creek, fourteen miles northwest from

The land is high, dry, undirtating and rich.

Here is an excellent fionring mul by ox power, and a
cardiDg maehine and clothtet^s works, for dressing cloth.

Head of Siher Creeks a settlement In the northeastern
part of Madiaon eonnty, snrronnded wi^ large prairies.

Head of Wood River ^ a settlement in the sonth part of
Macoupin county. It Is a good tract of land, and the set-
tlement is considerable.

I Henderson Bii>er rises in Knox ooun^, takes a soath-
WBStem coarse through Warren, .and after receiving
•ereral branches, -enters the Mississippi In len north, fire
west, through a low tmd inundated bottom.

It is a beautifol stream, 'furniahes some good mtH seats,
and has a fine body of timber on its i>ftnks. The country
on Henderson is considered one of the finest bodies of
land in Illinofs.

Its principal branches are South fofk, and Cedar fbi<k.
The timber is oaks of rarious speeiesv hickory, walnut,

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Online LibraryJohn Mason PeckA gazetteer of Illinois, in three parts: containing a general view of the state, a general view of each county... → online text (page 17 of 26)