John Mason Peck.

A gazetteer of Illinois, in three parts: containing a general view of the state, a general view of each county... online

. (page 22 of 26)
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twelve miles below Peoria, on fVactional section thirty-
three, twenty-five north, five west of the third prindpal
meridian, on a sandy bluff, elevated and pleasant. The
landing is tolerably good at a moderate stage of tlie river,
but too ahoal at the low stage.

Pekio contains twelve stores, three groceries, two
taverns, (and a splendid hotel building by a company,)
aaveo lawyers, four physicians, four muiistera of the goer



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S6i A OAXSmVMr

pi, one drag store* tliree fbrwerdlDg and conimiesioa
fiouses, two nooses for slaaghtering and packtnif pork«
one auction hoase, a printing oflSoe which issues the
Tszeweil Telegraph, and about' eight-hundred inhabi-
tsnts. '

There is also one steam flooring mill that manafao*
twres two hjindred barrels of flour per day, a steam safif
mill and two steam distilleries, an academy and a com-
mon school.

The religious denominations are Presbyterian, Metho-
dist and Unitarian, which have houses of worship.

Peoria, thereat of justice for Peoria county, situated
on the west bank of the Illinois river, on section nine,
eight north, eight east, and formerly called\FoH Ciark.

From a report made by Edward Coles, Esq. formerly
governor of Illinois, to the Secretary of tlie treasury, it
may be learned, **The old village of Peoria was situated
one mile and a half above the lower extremity or outlet
of the Peoria lake. This village had been inhabited by
Ihe French previous to the recollection of the present
generation. About the year 1778 or 1779, the first house
was built in what was ihen called. La Ville de Maillet,
afterwards the new village of Peoria, and which has re-
cently been known by the name of Fort Clark, situated
about one mile and a half below the old village, imme-
diately at the lower point, or outlet of the lake. The
situation being preferred on fOHsount of the water being
better, and its being thought more healthy, the inhabi-
tants gradually deserted th^ old village, and by the year
1796 or 1797, had entirely abandoned it, and reiaoved to
the new one.

*^ The inhabitants of Peoria consisted generally of In<*
dian traders, hunters, and voyagers, and had long formed
a link of connection betwen the French residing on the
great lakes and the Mississippi river. From that happy
felicity of adapting themselves to their situation and as-
sociates, for which the French ore so remarkable^ the
inhabitants of Peoria lived generally in harmony with
their savage neighbours. It appears, however, that about



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tbe yvar 1731 » th^^ were indooed to abaiii4oB the ▼illug^
from an apprehension of Indian hostility; but eoon aftei
tbe peace of 1783, they again returned, and continued U>
reside there until ihe autunan of 1812, when they wer«
forcibly removed from it« and the place destroyed by a^
captain Craig, of the Illinois militia, on the ground, it
was said, thai his company of militia was fired on in th^
night, while at anchor in their boats before the village|
by Indians, with whom the inhabitants were suspected
by Crai^ to be too intimate and friend iy.*'

The inhiU)itants being thus driven from the piaoOf
fled to the French settlements on the Mississippi fe«
shelter.

In 1813, Peoria was occupied by the United States
troops, and a block house erected and cstjled Fort Clarke
The timber was cut on the opposite side of the lake, and
with considerable labor transported across, aad baule4
ea truck wheels by the men.

After the termination of the war. Fort Clark was aban-
doned, and the buildings soon after burnt by the Indiacis.

The present town is near its ruins.

Without intending to do injustice to several other beau*

' tiful town sites along the upper parts of the Illinois rivert

amongst which is P,e|^in, HenQepiu,jhe foot of tbe rapids,

Ottawa, etc. I shall copy from Beck*s Gazetteer tbe fol^

lowing description of Peoria.

**The situation of this place is beautiful beyond de-
scription. From the mouth of the Kickapoo, or Redbu4
creek, which empties into tbe Illinois two miles below
the old fort, the alluvion is a prairie which stretches it*
self along the river three or four miles.

** The shore is chiefly made up of rounded pebbles,
and is filled with springs of the finest water. The first
bank, which is from six to twelve feet above hiffh water
mark, extends west about a quarter of a mile from the
river, gradually ascending, when it rises five or six feet tp
tbe second bank. This extends nearly on a level to thf
bluffs, which are from sixty to one hundred feet in height*
T\mu bluffs Qonsift of rquifded pebble9,<»fierUjriiig $trM

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970 A GASSTTESR

of lime stone and sand stone^ rounded at the top, and cor«
responding in their course with the meanders of the river
and lake. The ascent, althouorh steep, is not perpendi«
eular. On the bluffs, the surface again becomes levels
and is beSotifully interspersed vHih prairie and woodland.

** From the bluffs the prospect is uncommonly fine. .
Looking towards the east you first behold an extensive
prairie, which, in spring and summer« is covered with
prrass, with whose green the brilliant hues of a thousand
flowers form the most lively contrast. Beyond this, the
lakey-clear and calm, may be seen emptyrng itself into,
or by^its contraction forming the river, whose meanders,
only hid from the view by the beautiful groves of timber
which here and there arise, can be traced to the utmost
extent of vision." .

Peoria is now rapidly advancing in population and im-
provements. In the summer of 1833, it consisted of
about twenty-five families. These more than doubled to
a few weeks from emigration.

Peoria now has twenty-five stores, two wholesale and
five retail groceries, two drug stores, two hotels and se-
veral boarding houses, two free schools and an incorpo-
rated academy, two Presbyterian houses of worship and
congregations, one Methodist, one Baptist, one Unita-
rian and one Episcopal congregation, six lawyers, eight
or ten physicians, one brewery, two steam sawmills, the
usual proportion of mechanics, a court house and jail and
a population from fifteen to eighteen hundred, and rapid I j
increasing.' The ** Peoria Register and Northwestern
Gazetteer*' is issued weekly, by S. M. Davis, Esq. The
religions people of this place appear to have been uncom<i
monly liberal, by contributing about iwenty^hree thousand
tbUar» the past year for philanthropic purposes.

Peoria Lake, an expaiision of the Illinois river, com-
mencing at Peoria, and extending about twenty miles in
a northeasterly direction. It is much wider than the river,
and has very little current. The water is clear, atod its
bottom gravelly. It may be considered as two lakes, di-
¥M«d by tbit IfiarrdM. B abound* with Ttrkms kinds df



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ith, tueh as stargieon, buflyo, bass of soTetal speeies^
perch, white fish, pickerel, etc., whic^i can be caaght witb
the seine in great abundance.

The Indian name for this lake is Pin-O'ta-wee, Somv
authors call it lUinois Lake.

F€rkin*8 Settkinent is in the northeast part of Hancock,
county, on \^ head waters of Crooked creek. The name
of the post omce is Fountain Green.

Peru^ a post office, landing and town site, on the north
side of the Illinois river, on section sixteen, township
thirty-thipee north, one east, and one mile below the termi*
BatioR of the Illinois and Michigan eanal. It has one
warehouse and two or three families.

Perry ^ a town site in Pike county, on section twenty-
one, township three sonth, three west. It has two or
tbree stores, several faniilies, and is a pleasant village,
surrounded with a fine country, diversified with timber
and prairie.

Petersburg^ a town and post office, on the west side of
Sangamon river, in Sangamon county,, on fractional sec-
tion fourteen, township eighteen north, seven west, an4
about seventeen miles northeast from Springfield. It has
six stores, a steam saw and grist mill, and twenty fami-
lies.

Pkelpe^s Chove is on a small stream in Ogle connty,
that enters Rock river three miles above Oregon city.

Phelps's Prairie, in Franklin county on the waters of
Crab Orchard creek, twelve miles south of Frankfort, 'm
good land, and somewhat rolling.

In its neighbourhood is Poor jtrairte, a wet, level tract;
imd fVrigkrs prairie, an undulating tract, with a consider'^
able settlement.

PhigleyU Settlement lies between the head waters of
McKee's creek and Bear creek, in Adams county. It has
about twenty-five families. The land it rather flat, bat
goodf—about twenty miles east from Qoincy.

PkiPs Creek enters the Macoupin on the soath side,
about the middle of'township nine ndrth, eleven west.
It heads iu the prairies near the sources of the Piasan.



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Tiiefe it ooMt4«ri^1e tirabsr, with exeelleiH pc»iii« on tbe
Wrders of this &treaai.

PhUlip9*8 Settlement^ in the northwestern pari of Al^z-^
snder county, on 8^ton*s ereek, twenty-five miles from
America, consists of eight or ten families.

Fiankeshav Beud^ on the Wabash riTer, in Wabash
eonnly, eighteen miles north from Mount Capiel. It is a
fertile tract, timber rather scarce, with m rmJuure of prairie
and barrens.

f Mttou, a small stream that rises in a beaotiful tract of
oonntry near the line of Greene and Macoupin eoDntiea^
and enters, the Mississippi aboot tea miles above Lowec
Alton.

Pigeon Creek is a stream that rises in Adams county,
aad rims westward near that and Pike county, which il
^ters, and passes into the Snycartee slough three mikui
below the eounty line.

In the bottom, the land is level, dry, and exo^ent— <hi
the bluffs, somewhat broken.

Fiiot Knob, in the western part of Washiogtse eonatyy
a^singular eminence and point of observation on the old
Viocennes and Kaskaskia trace.

PiNCKNBTYiLLS, a smsU village, and the seat.of jnstica
for Perry county. It is situated on the west side of Big
Qeaocoup creek, at the head c^ the four mile prairie, and
on section twenty-four, five south, three west. It has four
stores, one tavern, one grocery, and fifteen or twenty £imi-
Mes^ end is surrounded wit^ a large settlement of indas*
trious farmers.

Fme Creek, m Ogle county.. It rises in the prairie be-
tween Rock river and White Oak grove, runs a southeast
course and enters Rock river at urand Detour, and is a
cood mill stream. Its timber is shrubby pine, white,
black, red and bur oaka, hickory, linden, -siif^r maple,
elm»^. One-Axth part ef the land oo its burders ia
timbered. The prairie adjoining is elevated, rolliog aa^
Hch» and the country abounds with fine, springs,

Finuo, a post office in Jackson oonnty, on seettoft thirty*



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ibar, township ten tonth, twa west, twelve miles south->
southeast from Brownsville.

Piper*8 Pointy a settlement in Greene county, sixteen
miles northeast from Carrolhon, adjoining String prairie,
and the timber of Apple creek. The land is tolerably
level, richi and proportionably divided into timber and
prairie. There are sixty or seventy families in this set-
tienaent.

Fiskasath a branch of Kishwadkee. It rises in Boone
county, and some of its head branches probably over the
boundary line, runs a southwestern course, and enters the
north branch of the Kishwaukee, in section twenty-five,
township forty-four north, range four east. Near its head
the soil is wet, but further down, dry and undulating.

PiTTsriBLD, the new seat of justice for Pike county,
was laid off in April, 1833, on the southwest quarter of
section twenty-four, five south, four west. It is a high
and healthy situation, in an undulating prairie, and on the
dividing ndiie nearly equidistant from the Illinois and
Mississippi rivers. The country around is fertile, and
proportionably distributed into timber and prairie, and is
rapidly settling;

Pittsfield has three stores, two groceries,- two taverns,
three lawyers, one physician, several mechanics, and from
160 to 200 inhabitants.

FlainJUidy e village and post town in Will county, on
section nine, township thirty-six north^ nine east, and
.nine miles north-northwest from Juliet.

It has two stores,, two taverns, several mechanical
trades, a Methodist and a Baptist congregation with
houses of worship, and between four and Ere hundred in*
habitants.

Plainfield is beautifotly situated on an undulating prai-
rie, east side of the Du Page, and adjoining Walker's
grove.

Piaio, a town site laid off on Iroquois river, four miles
from the month of Springr creek, in Iroquois county. A
steam mill is to be erected here.

PUnant Qrovif in Boone coanty, on the stage road from

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Ghie^ro to Galena* oatb* ftMilheatl aide of (h« KitbwmH
kee, and twelve miles east of Belvidere. It Is abovi fooff
mtlea loogr and one mile wide, surrounded with a lich, na-
dulatiag prairie, A eonaiderable settlemeiH arooftd.

PieaSant Graoe, three milea long and oae wide, and a
settlement of tweoty^fire or thirty families, in TaseweH
eoanty, eigh( milea east of PekiD,oB t^e waters of IXilr
lon*s creek. The land is rich, and the timber conaists qi
walnut, sugar maple, linden, (^, etc*
' Fkaaant Qnne^ in Morgan eeunty, a aettlenaent on the
borders of Sweet's prairie, between Manchester and Wm*
cheater. The land in Uiia quarter Ja good, with a dae mix*
tiire of tinaber and prairie.

Fkaaani Vale, a town site and post office in Pike county*
OB aection nine, township five south, six west, seventeen
miles northwest from PIttsfield. It is pleasantly sttnatsd
voder the bluffs, and sarroonded with rich land, both tisi*
ber and prairie.

Fium Creek, in Randolph county, enters the Kaskaskia
liver from the east side, eighteen miles above Kaskaskia.

PUtm Creek rises in the prairie of Morgan county, west
of Jacksonville, runs west, and enters the lUineis rives
below Phillip's ferry.

Plum Creek Prairie is near the boundary line of St.
Clair and Randolph counties, ten miles long, and three
broad; good soil, and scattering settlements along its
borders.

Plum River, in Jo Daviess county, rises near Kello^ff's .
grove, runs southwest, and enters the Mississippi ten miles
below Rush creek. It is a good mill aiream.

Above its mouth are rapids. The country along its
borders is a mixture of timber and prairie. It is divided
into South, North, and Middle fork^ and here is some of
the finest farming land in the country.

Point Republic', a post office and settlement, near the
Vermilion river, in La Salle county, and on the coad from
Hennepin to Ottawa.

Polecat Creek, a stream in Coles county, that riass in
the prairies towards Edgar county, rans southwest, and



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tm^tn tlM Smbams east of Cliarteft6n« Near U% iiead
H a r^ry fertile regiea, well timbered: fnrther down tliia
anrface is broken. The settlemeRt haa thirty farailtea^

Pond Siough, the name girtn to the outlet of a line of
|>#«ds in JohwBon eonntj, between- Big Bay creek and
Oaak river. It ia a deep, maddy chakmel. [S^e Caslk
river.]

Pop^$ River riaeata Uie frr^t pratrie»tn tbe AraUi part
-ef Henry eonnty^ between Headeraon'a and Edwards^a
rirerSf nilta a weit noeree through Mereer eodnty, aad
ecitera tlieMtaaiaiippiyafewiiiilea below Edwards's rivei^
l^ Mereer eoumy there are aome fine tracts of tinber «i
this stream, fuiiher ap it passes throoph a prairie eountryu
The land generally on Pope's and fidwards's rivers \k
abundantly rich, but tliere is a deficiency of timber.

Po9iville, in the northeastern part of Sangamon couaty,
«ii aectiott twenty-five, lownahip twenty north, range three
east, and on the north side of Salt creek. It has 2 store8i»
1 grocery, and 3 or 4 faoniliea.

FoitUae Creek rises on the west side o( FuHon couaiyy
flear Table grove, raira a aontheastem course, and enterk
Spoon river about feur antlea west of Lewistown. EjEcek-
lent land, both prairie and timbered, adjoins h.

Fredrk Creek in Sangamen county, a trifling stream
that riaea in the prairie betwei^n Spring «md Richland
creeks; makes a circuit ia sixteen north, six west, and
entera \km latter belbra ita janction with Sangaasoa rivev.

Prairie de Long Creek rises north of Waterloo, near the
dividing line cf St. Gkir and Monroe coimtiea, raaa adiith-
easterly thr6ugh the eastern part of Monroe, leeeivcto
Rkhland creek, and entera the Kaskaakia river in the
•oothwestern part of township three sttath, riange seven
west. Along its borders is a considerable settlement, and
^le aotl 'tn aome parts is good, in others inferior.,

Prairie du Pont^ [pronounced Prmrie dm Po^ Fr.] a
small stream in St. Clair county. It riaea ra the biufia
aouthweat of BelleviHe, paaaea through the Amerkan
bottom, and entera the Misaiaaippi in tiw south w«8tem
part of the county.

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S76 AOASBTTlKt

■ ■' ■' ' An old Frebch Tillage, wtUi tlie tppeo-
d«ge of cotnmons and common fields to the same, located
a ahort distance sootb of Cahokia.

Ftairie da Boeher^ an ancient French village, in Ran-
dolph connty, on the American bottom, near the Rocky
bloffa, from which it derives ita name, fourteen miltss
northwest of Kaskaskia. It is a low, unhealthy situa-
tion, along a small creek of the samo name, which rises
in the bluffs, passes across the American bottom, and en-
lera the Mississippi. The houses are built in the French
style, the streets very narrow, and the inhabitants preserve
more of the simplicity of character and liabits peculiar to
early times, than any village in Illinois. It has its village
lots, common fields, and commons, the peculiarities of
which are noticed under the article '« Cahnkia,'**

Prairie du Roeher, in 1766, contained fourteen families;
the popnlation at present is estimated at thirty-five faoii-
Hes«

Here is a Catholic church dedicated to St. Salspice,
but at present has no resident priest. American settlers
have not yet disturbed the repose of this ancient commo-
fiity. The ruins of Fori Chartrca are three miles north
west from this village.

Prait*9 Prairie^ in the northeastern part of Greene
county, fifteen miles northwesterly from Carrollton.

Fraik«t*$ Seitltmmt^ on Apple creek, in the nortb-
eastero part of Greene county^ sixteen miles from Carroll-
ton.

Preatwii a town site in Randolph county, east of tiM
Kaskaakia river.

Propket^s viliagtf a post office and town site on Rock
river, in Henry county, and on the road from RushTille
and Warren oonnty to Galena.

On the aeuth side of the river is a handsome town site,
on a hi^h, midulattng bottom. The opposite side of the
river is inundated at high floods.

Rock river can be forded at this place for two-thirds of
the year. It is about two ikoadred jud» wide.



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or tLsmnm^ S77

The ooantry around will admit of eOD«id«rable settle-
ments.

Prospect mU^ m St. Clair county, one mile sonth of
Belleville, and the residence of Major Washington West
Spread out before this delightful situation is one of the
most beautiful prairies in the state, about five miles in
extent, and partiaUy covered with well cultivated farms.

Princess Settkmmt is on a branch of Spoon river, twen-
ty miles northwest from Peoria, in ten and eleven north,
ranges six and seven east. Here are three grovee of tim-
ber, from which at least one hundred farms might be sup-
plied. The soil is a rich clay, and undulating. The pre-
sent population does not exceed fifteen families.

Princeton^ a town site on the borders of Jersey prairie^
in IMorgan county, ten miles north from Jackson ville^ in
township seventeen north, in range ten west. The sur-
f&^ is undulating, and the surrounding country one of
of the finest tracts of land in the state, and the settlement
is large. The post office is called Workman.

Princeton^ a town site in Putnam county, in Bureau
settlement, ten miles north of west from Hennepin. It
was laid off by colonists from Northampton, Massachu-
setts, in 1633, contains a post office of the same name, and
is in the heart of a flourishtag settlement and a rich body
of land.

Puncheon Camp^ a creek near the north side of Mor«
pran county, that enters the Sangamon. It is divid«i
into two branches. A grove of the same name is on this
stream.

Putnam Creek rises towards Canton, in Fulton county,
and taking a southwestern course, enters Spoon river.

QuiNCT, the seat of Justice of Adams county, is situa-
ted on the bluff of the Mississippi on section two, two
south, nine west. It has seven stores, four groceries, one
carding machine, one larflre flouring and saw mill by stean
power, with four run of burr stones, two schools, seven
lawyers, four physicians. Several mechanics, about one
bundled families and six hundred inhabitants.
94

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fTt

Tke knd offise for the mU of CotigriMS Itnds Aorth and
east of the Illinois river, is located at this place. Tb#
land in the viciliity is excelleDt. A low i^lnvioo liefr on
the oppoeke tide of the Missiseippi rivert which is OTei^
flowed in high^ waters.

Quiney mvst become a place of oonsiderahle basiness*

Qtuiker Sdikment, near the Wabash, in the aortheast-
era part of Crawford coonty, oa Racoon creek. Here ia
a society of Friends who keep up regalar meeting

Udeoon, a smali stream in Greene county, that enters
the IlKnms river twelve miles above its oiouth* The bot^
terns on this creek, and on the Illinois river at this potnt»
are narrow, &nd the sorfaoe adjoining is much breken into
blafTs and ravines.

Maooon C^reek, a small stream that runs across- the noilk
«nd of Crawford coanty, and enters the Wabash.

Baeoon Creeks in the northeastern part of Morgan .cofu>-
tjr, aad runs into Diokerson^s lake.

MadeliJST* Point, in Washington coanty, five miles weajt
ef Nashville, and a small setUement.

BtimHy*8 Cree^ rises near the line of Montgomery and
^Shelby conotiea, runs a southeastern course, and enteis
the Kaskaskia ten miles north of Vandalia* A conmdw-
fdble setUemeat lies along this creek. This is sometimes
called Booz Creek,

Bameey^s SetUement^ in the southwestern part of Madi-
aon county, on Sugar creek, iwenty milea from Edwafda^
ville.

Mandleman*9 Settlement in St. Clair county, twelve
jniles southwest of Bellevillct and near the borders of
Monroe county.

M&ndolphi a town site at the mouth o£ the Piasaa on
•the Mississippi, so fractional sectiona Iweoty^ve and
4wenty-8iz, township two north, eleven west and abool
equidistant between Alton and Grafton. It is laid out
Above the Piasau and betwixt that stream and the Miaaia-
sippi, on table land, above the higheet floods. Abund-
ance of lime atone and good timber, water privUegea and



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OFnjURMS* t79

never failing springrs, a good landing for steamboatr and
other advantages are fonnd here.

liOts to the value of {^,000 have been sold this spring
and bntidings are in process of erection, especially a large
kotel.

MandoiphU Chvce^ on Kiekapoo creek, above Biff grove,
above twelve miles sooth from Bloomington, in McLean
county. In shape, it is almost cirenlar, and is a vafua-
ble tract of land, containing lime stone, and a popnlation
of aboat forty families. The grove comprises about
twelve sections of timbered land. A post office.

Bapida oflUinoii. There is a succession of rapids in
the Illinois, both above and below the mdnth of Fox
river, with intervals of deep and smooth water. From
the mOoth of Fox river to the foot of the rapids is nine
miles— the descent in all eight feet. The rock soft sand
alone mixed with gravel and shelly lime stone. Nine
miles above Fox river the grand rapids commence, and
extend ten or twelve miles. They are formed by ledges
of rock in the river, and rooky islands.

The whole descent from the surface of lake Michi^n,
•t Chicago, to the foot of the rapids, a distance of nme«
^•four and one-fourth miles, is 141 87-100 feet.

JRapids of the MisMsippi, These are distinguished aa
the Lower and Upper rapids.

The LoweTy or, as frequently called, the Dea MBines^hB*
eause opposite the month of that river, are twelve miles
long, and formed by beds of rock. They injure the na«
▼igatioit in low water, and sometimes entirely prevent
the passage of large boats.

The Upper Rapids commence at Rock Island, and ex**
tend eignteen miles up the river. The navigation of
these rapids is about to be improved by the general go-
vernment for which purpose an appropriation was made
last congress.

Rattan* 9 Prairie is in Madison county, seven miles
northwest from Edwardsville. It is ievel, some portions
rather wet, and surrounded with fine firms.

Ray*8 SetHement is on the east side of Hancock oo'


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Online LibraryJohn Mason PeckA gazetteer of Illinois, in three parts: containing a general view of the state, a general view of each county... → online text (page 22 of 26)