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A view of society and manners in Italy : with anecdotes relating to some eminent characters (Volume 1) online

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MILHEUGH.



Ulrich Middeldorf






A

VIEW

F

SOCIETY AND MANNERS

1 N

I T A L Y:

WITH
ANECDOTES relating to fome EMINENT CHARACTERS.

BY JOHN MOORE, M. D.

IN TWO VOLUMES.
VOL. L



Strenua nos exercet inertia: navibus atque
Quadrigis petimus bene vivere. Quod petis, hie eft.

HOR.



LONDON:

printed for W. Strahan ; and T. Cadell, in the Strand.
MDCCLXXXJ. ^



ADVERTISEMENT.

r*|~^HE following obfervatlons on Italy,
^ and on Italian manners, occurred in
the courfe of the fame Tour in which thofe
contained in a book lately *publifhed, en-
titled A Vieiv of Society and Manners in
France^ Sivitzerland, and Germany, were
made. All who have read that book will
perceive, at firil: fight, that the prefent
work is a continuation of the former; but
to thofe who have not, it was thought
neceflary to account for the abrupt manner
Jn which the following Letters begin.

Clarges-ftreet,
December 14, 1780.



'Jufi PubUJhed,
A NEW EDITION OF

A VIEW of SOCIETY and MANNERS
in FRANCE, SWITZERLAND, and
GERMANY; with Anecdotes rela-
ting to fome Eminent Characters.
In Two Volumes. Price los. in Boards.



CONTENTS



O F T H E



FIRST VOLUME.



LETTER I. p. I.

'Journey from Vienna to Venice,

LETTER IL p. 20.

^he arfenaL — The Bucentaur. — Doges' 7nar^
riage,

LETTER in. p. 27.

The ijland of Murano, — Glafs Jiianu/a^or/,



•^^Mr. Montague,



A3



VI CONTENTS.

L E T T E R IV. p. 39.

Situation of Venice. — Lagune. — Canals,-^
Bridges,

L E T T E R V. p. 46.

Piazza di St. Marco. — Patriarchal church,
^—Ducal palace . — Broglio.

LETTER Vf. p. 56.

JR^JleBions excited hy the various objecis
around St. Mark's fquarc. — On painting,
— A comioijjeur,

LETTER VIL p. 69.
Origin of Venice,

LETTER VIIL p. 77.

Various changes in the form of government.
— T'yrannical condu^ of a Doge, — Savage
behaviour of the people. — Commerce of
Venice,



CONTENTS. Tii

L E T T E R IX. p. 89.

New regulations. — Foundation of the
arijlocracy — Origin of the ceremony of
efpouftng the Sea. — Neiv forms of ma^
gifracy,

L E T T E R X. p. 104.

Henty Dandolo,

L E T T E R XL p. 1 14.

New courts. — Netv magiflrates, — Reformat
tion of the Venetian code. — The form of
eleBing the Doge.

LETTER Xir. p. 129.

Arijlocracy efablifJoed. — Confpiracies. — In*
furreclions. — Eccleftafical Inquifition.-^*
The College J or Seigniory.
A 4



^iii CONTENTS.

LETTER XIII. p. 144.

Conjpiracy againjl the State^ by a Doge.—'
Singular injlance of iveakiiefs and 'vanity
in a noble Venetian.- — Nt%v magi fir ates to
prevent luxury. — Courtefans,

LETTER XIV. p. 157.

Rigour of Venetian laivs exemplified in the
cafes of Antonio Venler^ Carlo Zeno^ and
young Fofcari,

LETTER XV. p. 171.

l^Joe Council of Ten, and the State In-
quifitors. — Reflexions on thefie infliiu-
tions,

LETTER XVI. p. 187.

League of Cambray. — ^ar ivith Turks. —
Antonio Bragadino. — Battle of Lapanto.
— Dfputcs ivith the Pope.



CONTENTS. It

LETTER XVII. p. 201.

Marquis ofBedamars con/piracy. — Falfe ac-

cufations. — Thejiege of Candia. — The im-»

patience of a Turkijh Emperor. — Conchc'

Jion of the revieiv of the Venetian Govern,"

ment,

LETTER XVIII. p. 21^.

Venetian manners, — Opera. — AffeHation,-^
A Duo. — Dancers,

LETTER XIX. p. 227.

No military efiaUifhnunt at Venice. — What
fupplies its place,

L E T T E R XX. p. 232.

RefeSiions on the nature of Venetian Govern^
ment, — Gondoleers. — Citizens. — T^he Ve^
nttlanfubje^s on the Terra Firma,



X CONTENTS.

LETTER XXr. p. 240.

Gallantry » — CaJJtnos,

LETTER XXn. p. 249.

CharaBer of Venetians, — Ciijloms and iifages,
— Influence ofjaflnon in matters oftafle,—-
Prejudice, — The excellence of Italian
comic a6lors,

LETTER XXIIL p. 262.

Departure from Venice. — Padua, — St, An-
thony^ his tomb and miracles,

LETTER XXIV. p. 270.

Church of St. Juflina — The bodies of St,
Mattheiv and St. Luke, — 'The univerfity,
— Beggars,

LETTER XXV. p. 275.

The aiitiquity of Padua, — The Brenta,^-^
The Po, — The Thames,



G O N T E N t S. xl

LETTER XXVI. p. 285-.

Perrara. — The Family of EJle. — Ariojio^ the
Emperor, and his brothersy lodge at an
inn, ivh'ich overfets the underjlanding of
the landlord. An hifcr'iption,

LETTER XXVIL p. 292.

Bologna. Its government, commerce^ pa-
laces,

LETTER XXVIIL p. 301.

T^he academy of arts and fciences. — Church
of St. Petronius, — Dominican convent. - ^
Palaces. — Raphael. — Guido .






LETTER XXIX. p. 31

fourney from Bologna to Ancona.-^
The Rubicon — Julius Cafar. — Fefaro. —
Fano. — Claudius Nero.-^AfdrubaL — Se^
negalia, j



xii CONTENTS.

LETTER XXX. p. 323.

Ancona. — T^he injluence of commerce on the
chara6iers of ma?2kind. — The Mole. — T^he
triumphal arch of the Emperor Trajan,

LETTER XXXI. p. 333.
Loretto. — Hlflory of the Cafa Santa,

LETTER XXXII. p. 340.

Defcription of the f acred chapel. — The
treafury,

LETTER XXXIII. p. 35 r.

Pilgrimages to Loretto. — Manufaclures. —
Confeffionah . — Bajfo relievos. — Zeal of
pilgritns. — Iron grates before the chapels,
— Reflexions,

LETTER XXXIV. p. 362.-

Tolentino. — The Apennines, — A hermit.-^
TJmbria . — Spoletto,



CONTENTS. xiii

LETTER XXXV. p. 371.

TernL — 'Narni. — Otricolu — Civita CaJleU
lana. — Campania of Rome,

LETTER XXXVr. p. 380.

Rome. — Converfazionis . — Cardinal Bernis,
— The dijlrefs of an Italian lady,

LETTER XXXVII. p. 389.

Remarks on ancient and modern Ro?ne. — The
church of St, Peter's,

LETTER XXXVIIL p. 404.

The ceremony of the Poffejfo,

LETTER XXXIX. p. 413.

Pantheon. — Califeum. — Gladiators,

L E T T E R XL. p. 432.

The Campidoglio, — Forum Romanum, -r
Jews,



mv C O N|T E N T S.

LETTER XLI. p. 442.

Ruins. — Via Sacra, — Tarpeian Rock Cam^

pus Martins .—Various Forums. — Trajan's
Colunin,

LETTER XLII. p. 452.
The he at ifc at ion of a Saint*

LETTER XLIIL p. 459.

Cbar after of modern Italians. — Ohfervations
on human nature in general. — An Engliflj
Officer. — Caife of the frequency of the
crime of murder,

LETTER XLIV. p. 474.

Diff'erent kinds of punifJjment. — Account of
an execution* — Souls in purgatory.

LETTER XLV. p. 487.

^he ufual courfe uuith an antiquarian. — An
expeditious courfe., by a young EnglifJjman^
^-Thc Villa Borghefe.



CONTENTS. Kv

LETTER XLVI. p. 506.

f'he mormng fiudy of an artiji.— Converfa'
tion with him on that fiibjeB.^-An
Italian lady and her ConfeJfor,—The
Ladys religious fcriiples and precau"
tion.



A VIEW






VIEW

o r
SOCIETY AND MANNERS

J N

I T A L y.

LETTER L

D E A R S I R, Venice;

F^^"^ A V I N G left Vienna, we proceed-

^ H ^ . ^

i^ y- ^^ ed through the Duchies of Stiria,

k^aL^ji Caj-inthia, andCarniola, to Venice.
Notwithilanding the mountainous nature
of thofe countries, the roads are remarkably
good. They were formed originally at a
vaft expence of labour to the inhabitants,
but in fuch a durable manner, that it re-
VoL, I. B


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Online LibraryJohn MooreA view of society and manners in Italy : with anecdotes relating to some eminent characters (Volume 1) → online text (page 1 of 20)