George F. Gebert attended the Calumet public
school until he reached the age of fifteen years,
and during his spare time while in school and
the whole of his time after leaving, until eighteen
years of age, he drove a team for his father. He
then started to learn the trade of a gas-fitter,
under the supervision of T. C. Boyd. He re-
mained thus occupied three years and then con-
tinued as a journeyman. In September, 1897, ne
entered the service of Hawley & Sons, and one
year later engaged in the express business on his
November 27, 1890, Mr. Gebert married Miss
Selina, daughter of William and Mary (Winholdt)
Nitzche. Mrs. Gebert was born February i,
1866, in Dasheim, Saxony, Germany, and is con-
ducive in every manner to the uplifting of the
minds of those about her, aiding her husband to
make a financial success, as well as moral, of his
life. Their children are: Lily Lauretta, born
October 3, 1891; Elsie Mildred, January 3, 1896;
and Harold, November 9, 1898.
Mr. Gebert is connected with Lincoln Council,
No. 68, National Union. Though stanch and
loyal to the principles of the Republican party,
he has never sought an office. He has been
ambitious and energetic and has acquired con-
siderable of this world's goods, having for the
past three years owned a very pleasant home at
No. 6507 Champlain Avenue. He comes of a
family of strong characteristics and is true to the
teachings of his fathers, gaining the admiration
and respect of all who come in contact with him.
LUDVIG M. HOFFENBLAD.
j UDVIG MARTINUS HOFFENBLAD was
1C born at Thisted, Denmark, July 20, 1840.
1^) His father was Frederick C. Hoffenblad, a
rope-maker, and worked in a large manufactory.
For thirty years he followed the pursuit, becom-
ing well and favorably known all through the
district in which he lived. He died at Thisted,
Denmark, at the age of seventy-four years. Mr.
Hofienblad's mother was Mette Freshild, who
passed away in her sixty-eighth year. To this
couple were born five children, of whom two grew
to maturity. Ludvig was the fourth child and
He left school in his fifteenth year and was
apprenticed by his father to a cabinet-maker.
After spending five years in apprenticeship the
allotted term under Danish trade usage, and be-
coming a journeyman, he followed his trade,
traveling through various cities of Denmark,
among them Copenhagen, and at the age of
twenty-two years enlisted in the army, joining
the first company of the Eleventh Regiment. After
two years in military service, during 1862-64, he
returned home and resumed work at his trade.
In February, 1868, he started in business for
himself as a cabinet-maker, at Nykjobing, Morso.
Here he continued for five years, and in 1 873
emigrated to the United States, settling in
For eighteen years he followed his trade in
this city, and in 1892 he was elected janitor for
a lodge of the Society Dania. He had been
chosen superintendent and secretary for the order
in America in 1887, and has held the office of
secretary ever since. Under his wise and careful
direction the membership of the organization has
increased from nine individuals to more than
fifteen hundred. As supreme secretary of the
order, his duties engross his whole time and at-
He is also a prominent member of the Society of
Daniel, of which body he was president for one
year. He is a trustee for the Society of Dania,
besides being actively interested in the Danish
Brotherhood of America, and a leading member
of other organizations.
He was married May 8, 1868, before leaving
Denmark, to Caroline Carlsen. Mrs. Hofienblad
was born June 10, 1843. She is the only daugh-
ter of Nicholai and Maren Carlsen. They have
been the parents of eleven children, of whom six
are yet living: Eunice; Annie, wife of Christ An-
dersen, of Chicago; Mary, wife of Peter Ander-
sen; Frida and Ella.
Mr. Hoffenblad's father and two brothers were,
beside himself, the only ones in Denmark bearing
the name, nor does he know of any others any-
where in the world.
GlLEXANDER MILLAR. Of all sturdy,
I I healthy people, the Highlanders of Scot-
/ I land are the most hardy and rugged of both
mind and body. He is able to endure the coldest
weather and in his native land spends a great
deal of time out of doors. Alexander Millar was
born November 30, 1837, in the village of Drey-
man, Scotland, a son of Alexander and Isabella
(Dick) Millar. His grandfather, John Millar,
was a stone mason and father of James, William
and Alexander Millar and three daughters.
The maternal grandfather of Alexander Millar,
John Dick, was father of four children George,
John, Elizabeth and Isabella. He was a cooper,
and died in 1855, at the age of seventy years.
Alexander Millar, father of the man whose name
heads this article, died in Scotland, at the age of
ninety years. He was a gardener and took a
great interest in this occupation. His wife died
in 1847, being but thirty years of age. Her chil-
dren are named: John, Alexander, George, Janet,
James and Isabella. All except Alexander are
living in their native land. Mr. Millar's second
wife was Mary Marshall, whose only child is
named Richard. She departed this life in the
Alexander Millar, subject of this sketch, was
employed eight years in bleach and print work in
a calico factory in the town of his nativity. He
subsequently sought to better his circumstances
in the city of Glasgow and was employed there
until the date of his emigration. He reached
Chicago in November, 1870, and was occupied
in packing houses for various companies until
1878, when he entered the service of the E. K.
Pond Packing Company and has charge of the
canning department of that concern at the present
time. He holds a very responsible position and
his services are valued by the company and rec-
In 1891 Mr. Millar took up his residence at
No. 6312 St. Lawrence Avenue, where he has
since been located. He is beloved by friends and
admired by all who are fortunate enough to en-
joy his genial society. He has never been a
seeker after public offices and is independent in
casting his vote, believing in the support of prin-
ciple, rather than of party.
(JACOB LEONARD, a native of Germany,
I was born March 12, 1843, and came to this
G) country with his brother, Michael, in 1862.
For further genealogical data refer to the biog-
raphy of Michael Leonard. Jacob Leonard served
an apprenticeship at the lithographing trade and
when he came to America was capable of com-
manding journeyman's salary, as a first-class
His first employer in Chicago was Edward
Mandel, under whom he was occupied at his
trade six months. He then went to Buffalo,
New York, and for four years was in the service
of H. Saget & Sons, after which he returned to
Chicago and was engaged by Louis Nelky, the
lithographer, then located at No. 14 South Clark
Street. Mr. Leonard was then with this concern
three years and left, to return and remain with it
one year longer.
Mr. Leonard then entered the employ of the
Western Bank Note Engraving Company, and
remained with it one year. Several years later
he returned to this service for one year. The
Chicago Engraving Company was located on
Clark Street, near Monroe Street, before the fire
of 1871, and having lost everything in that dis-
aster, located on Jefferson Street, where it was to
be found six months, and then removed to Monroe
Street. Mr. Leonard was with this company at
the time of the fire and remained there for a
period of four months after the location of the
concern on Monroe Street.
He went to Milwaukee, Wisconsin, and spent
two years in the service of the American Auto-
graph Company. He returned to Chicago and
for the same length of time was in the employ of
the lithographers, Shober & Carqueville, located
on Clark Street, near Adams. Returning to Mil-
waukee he re-entered the employ of H. Gorbler &
Sons, and was with this concern five years
altogether. For six months he was identified
with the Chicago Lithographing Company and
then entered the service of Charles Goss & Com-
pany, with whom he spent eighteen months.
After a short time with Frank Kirting, located
on Dearborn Street, he worked for the Central
Lithographing Company three years. Since 1887
Mr. Leonard has been pressman for the Pictorial
H. K. WEEKS. HANS WOODRICH.
Printing Company, at No. 1245 State Street. He
lias occupied that position for the past ten years,
and is a valued and respected employe.
Mr. Leonard was married March 27, 1863, to
Miss Barbara Lickle, daughter of Anthony
Francis Lickle. They have one child, whose
name is Jacob Anthony, who makes his home
with his parents and is an accomplished litho-
graphic artist. Mr. Leonard is a member of
Richard Yates Council No. 967, Royal Arcanum.
He is a Democrat in politics and is loyal to his
party and his adopted country at all times.
HARRY K. WEEKS.
HARRY KNOWLES WEEKS, who is of a
very well-known and respected family, was
born April 21, 1872, at No. 2731 Armour
Avenue, Chicago. For ancestry of Harry Knowles
Weeks, refer to biography of W. S. Weeks, on
another page of this work. An attendant of the
South Division High School, for two years, he
went, at the age of nineteen years, into the office
of Bell & Swift, where he remained two years.
Since that time he has been occupied in the map
department, posting atlases and entering new
sub-divisions, beginning this work on the 3d of
Mr. Weeks secured an amiable and happy dis-
positioned lady for a life partner, which counts
for so much in the forming of a man's character.
His wife was Miss Lucy Vinton Laughlin, daugh-
ter of Charles Laughlin. They were married
September i, 1897. Mrs. Weeks is a native of
H. K. Weeks is connected with Ben Hur
Chapter No. 1041, Royal Arcanum, being very
popular with his brothers in the lodge. He is,
withal, a very promising young man, bound to
make a success of life, no matter what obstacles
appear in his way. He is of a highly honored
name and does credit in every instance to the
name he bears. His wife is a pleasant, genial,
young woman and is a blessing to her beloved
HANS WOODRICH was a resident of Chicago
for more than a quarter of a century. He
was born January 3, in the year 1814, so
pregnant with great events, at Dallen, in Meck-
lenburg, Germany. His early manhood was not
without exciting features, he having been called
upon to render his full meed of military service
three years. His faithfulness to every duty as a
soldier attested by the paper which certifies to his
honorable discharge, in which it is set forth that
his record was absolutely free from any shadow
On reaching the age of twenty-four he resolved
to marry, if he could persuade the right kind of
woman to accept him. He found her in Marie
Consar, who had been born in the same village
as himself. Of their four children two died
before they set out on their long voyage across
the ocean in 1851. Joachim came with them,
and Minnie was born in Chicago. Soon after
reaching Chicago (which was his objective point),
Mr. Woodrich purchased, from John Kuhl, a lot
at No. 163 Fry Street. There he erected a small
house (the first built on Fry Street). The struc-
ture still stands, and is the property of Mr.
In this humble home his son died (1860) and
there Mr. Woodrich himself passed away July i,
1878. His daughter, Minnie, still lives, the wife
of Mr. Charles Kummerow, whose biography
may be found elsewhere in this volume. Mrs.
Woodrich survived him and makes her home
with her daughter, Mrs. Kummerow, at the ad-
vanced age of eighty-three years.
Mr. Woodrich had one of those rare natures
which attract affection as readily as the grass
absorbs the dew. Industrious at work, his truest
happiness was found in his home and his church.
He was a devoted husband, a tender father and
an earnest Christian. He was one of the founders
of St. John's Evangelical Lutheran Church,
and always a liberal contributor to its support.
He was an earnest worker in the Sabbath-school,
his gentle nature and kindly heart endearing
children to him, while his charity was best known
to those who were his beneficiaries.
QEDER KRISTENSEN, who conducts a
LX itable business as a dealer in milk and
[3 cream at No. 521 West Superior Street, is a
native of Stavnstrup, Jutland, Denmark. He is
the fourth child of A. Kristensen and his wife,
Ane, both natives of Denmark, and was born
March i, 1865. Mr. Kristensen, Senior, who
was a tailor, died in his fiftieth year. His wife
survived him by many years, passing away in
the village where she had been reared, known
and universally respected, in 1889.
The first twenty -one years of Peder's life were
passed among the scenes and associations of his
childhood. After quitting school he was appren-
ticed to a cabinet-maker. He duly served an
apprenticeship of four years and after a few years'
work as a journeyman resolved to see if better
fortune awaited him among his countrymen who
had found homes in America. The best solution
to the question is to be found in the success
which he has achieved through his own unaided
efforts. He arrived in Chicago without financial
resources, but he had what often counts for more
in the long run pluck, a trade and native
honesty. After seven years' toil and thrift,
during which his handicraft had been his main
source of income, he was able, in 1893, to buy
out a milk business, and established himself in a
more remunerative line of industry.
Miss Elizabeth Andersen, a native of Denmark
like himself, gave him her hand in marriage in
1888, at Chicago. Their union has been blessed
with two children: Dagny and Holger.
Mr. Kristensen has been an active and promi-
nent member of the Society Dania, having served
as vice-president, secretary and two years as
president. He served two years as treasurer of
the central committee of the Danish Societies of
Chicago. He is also a member of the Danish
Young People's Society, and is independent in
political matters, though he frequently supports
the Democratic ticket.
(From Photo by W. J. ROOT.)
I ORNS WALTER. This old settler and
It early fireman of Chicago, which city has
[~f been his home for more than half a century,
has passed the seventy-fifth milestone in life's
pathway, and is passing the declining years of
life in a well earned repose. He was born De-
cember 30, 1823, in Alsace-Lorraine, while that
province was under French dominion. He is the
son of Diebold and Katherine Walter, and his
father was an overseer of forests. In 1832 the
family, which' then consisted of the parents and
five children, emigrated from France to the
United States, settling at Buffalo, New York.
There Mr. and Mrs. Walter resided until their
death, the husband dying about 1856, and his
widow surviving him nearly twenty years. Five
more children were born to them in their new
home. Of their large family of ten only three
are now living: Lorns, at Chicago; Rockhills, of
Dubuque, Iowa; and John J., who still lives in
Until he was seventeen years old Lorns Walter
attended the Buffalo public schools, and on leav-
ing school was apprenticed for three years to
learn the trade of cigar-making. After serving
his term he came to Chicago in 1848 and began
working as a journeyman. After some years he
was given charge of the shop of Mills & Com-
pany, the senior member of which firm was the
father of the distinguished attorney, Luther Laf-
lin Mills. He continued in this employment for
about six years, and then embarked in business
on his own account, in a modest way, at No. 144
Dearborn avenue. Fortunately for himself, he
abandoned business shortly before the holocaust
of 1871, which caused him comparatively little
loss, there remaining in his hands only a little
raw material and not much of the manufactured
products. Since that year he has never engaged
The same year in which he came to Chicago
he joined the old Volunteer Fire Department.
In 1859 the paid department was organized and
he at once enlisted in that branch of the city's
service. The excitement of the life possessed a
fascination for him, while the opportunities
which were offered for the exercise and manifes-
tation of that personal heroism which was innate
to his nature constituted another and potent at-
traction. In 1865 he was made assistant mar-
shal, a position which he held until after the
great fire. He was then appointed captain of
Engine Company No. 33. His record while fill-
ing this post was one of intrepid service and dar-
ing bravery for a quarter of a century. In 1896,
having reached the age of seventy-three years,
his hair silvered, and bearing on his body the
scars of years of gallant service, he was retired
upon a pension.
A singular mark of high esteem in which he is
held by his brother firemen, who have had the
best and broadest opportunities for gauging his
character and capability, is afforded by the fact
that he holds the position of treasurer in the ben-
efit association formed under the old and new re-
He belongs to the Masonic order, being affili-
ated with Kilwinnig Lodge No. 311, Ancient,
Free and Accepted Masons.
He married Elizabeth Bills in 1849. She was
S. G. HOOKER.
born in Germany, and a daughter of Conrad and
Mary Bills, both of whom died at Akron, Ohio.
Mr. and Mrs. Walter have had a family of seven
children, of whom four are living: Frank W., a
fireman; Charles H., proprietor of a paint shop
on Michigan Street; John H., a manufacturer of
cigars; and Josephine. Both parents and chil-
dren ar.e communicants in the Roman Catholic
Mr. Walter is at present enjoying the repose
which comes to him who has met every duty as
it was encountered and never flinched in the face
of obligation. During his fifty years residence
in Chicago he has seen changes which rival the
transmutation wrought by Aladdin's lamp, and
in their accomplishment he has played no unim-
portant part. He can look back without shame,
and forward without fear.
STEPHEN G. HOOKER.
(3TEPHEN GARDNER HOOKER. To Mr.
?\ Hooker belongs the distinction of being one
C*y of Chicago's early settlers, he having settled
here in 1853, and having been a continual resi-
dent ever since. He comes of sturdy New Eng-
land ancestry, claiming Brandon, Vermont, as
his birthplace. His family is of English origin,
and he himself came into the world May 20,
1824. The physician who first looked into his
face was Doctor Douglas, the father of the "L,ittle
Giant," to whose memory- Illinois yet pays rev-
Mr. Hooker's father was also named Stephen.
He was born in New England, but moved to
Cattaraugus County, New York, where he died
in 1874, in his sixty-fifth year, being buried at
Gowanda, in that state. He married Abigail
Goss, a daughter of Chester Goss, who was a
farmer and a pioneer hotelkeeper in the town of
Brandon, where he was a prominent and respected
citizen. Mr. Hooker was the fourth of a family
of seven children.
Stephen G. Hooker learned the carpenter's
trade and while a young man of twenty-five he
went to Springville, Erie County, New York,
where, June 12, 1849, he was married to Helen
N. Norton, a school girl, eighteen years old.
Her father was Borroughs Norton, of Bridgeport,
Massachusetts, who removed from that state to
Otsego County, New York, and it was in Rich-
field Springs, in that county, that his daughter,
Helen, was born. His wife was Margaret Weber,
Her family was of Dutch origin, and among the
early settlers of the Mohawk Valley, and Mrs.
Norton's father owned the site of the present vil-
lage of Frankfort, New York, which was laid out
on what was once the Weber farm.
Mr. Hooker brought his young wife to Chicago
in 1853, and his first home stood within the limits
of the block on which the new Government build-
ing is being erected. There he lived two years,
when he moved to No. 61 Oak Street, where he
lived sixteen years, and where he was burned out
in the great fire of 1871. His next home was at
No. 426 Fullerton Avenue, where they lived
eleven years, removing from there to No. 300
Webster Avenue, where they have resided ever
Mr. Hooker begap his business career in Chi-
cago as a building contractor, but is best known
in commercial circles through his connection with
the Board of Trade. He became agent for the
Howe scales, and in his efforts to introduce their
use in place of the Fairbank he became well ac-
quainted with grain dealers, and in 1860 bought
a seat on the Board for five dollars, for which he
P. A. KAUSTRUP.
was afterward offered five thousand dollars. He
became famous all over the country and even in
England, through a "corner" in lard which he
once manipulated, with the backing of the two
directors of the Bank of Montreal. The story of
the deal, as told by himself, is of interest. "In
November, they ordered me to get ten thousand
tierces of lard" said Mr. Hooker. "That was a
big order at the time, and would affect the market
now. I bought ten thousand a week for the
next month, and I went along until I bought forty
thousand tierces, paying for every option. I had
it in private warehouses, with the receipts in the
bank. That was the first time a corner was ever
run with everything paid for in cash. The time
finally came when they found I had a corner on
lard. N. K. Fairbank had to get lard. My
broker was bidding at twelve cents. Fairbank
had sold me short and called me. Finally he bid
twelve and one-half cents on five thousand, and I
gave it to him. That broke the market. They
thought I was "busted" and sold short. I
bought seven thousand more tierces. Lard went
to sixteen cents, and I sold everything. My
backers made over four hundred thousand dollars.
That was the only successful lard corner ever
Mr. Hooker's politics are strongly Republican.
In the ante-bellum days he was an abolitionist
of the most radical type, voting to quote his
own language "the abolition ticket in Chicago,
when it was worse than being an anarchist."
Mr. and Mrs. Hooker have five children and
ten grandchildren. The children are: Mrs. H.
E. Wadsworth, of No. 1870 Michigan Boulevard;
Edward C. Hooker, foreman of the registry de-
partment of the postoffice, and living in Austin;
Mrs. Edward Ringberg, the wife of a nobleman
in Norrkoping, Sweden; Chester H. and George
C. Hooker, who are unmarried and live with
their parents. June 12, 1899, the parents cele-
brated their golden wedding, receiving the heart-
felt expressions of kind wishes from the hosts of
friends who know and honor them.
PAUL A. KAUSTRUP.
HAUL ANDREASEN KAUSTRUP. Of the
yf many Danish-American citizens who have
\S contributed, if not to the upbuilding, at least
to the development, of Chicago, the name of
Paul A. Kaustrup will be long cherished by the
men and women of his own day and generation.
His father was Andrew Nielsen Kaustrup and
his mother, before her marriage, Elsie Paulsen.
His grandfather, Niels Andreasen Kaustrup was
a man of more or less local distinction, and for
several years filled the office of tax collector and
sheriff. He died in 1870. His only son, An-
drew Nielsen Kaustrup, was born in 1818, and
was considered, in his time, a large land-owner.
He was the proprietor of three farms, which still
bear the name of Kaustrupgard. His wife, whose
name, as has been said, was Elsie Paulsen, was
born in 1828, and came of a highly-respected
family. The fruit of their union was thirteen
children, seven of whom died in infancy. Three
daughters and three sons reached maturity, and
of these one has since died.
Paul A. Kaustrup was the ninth of this large
family. Like most youths of his native place, he
passed through the routine course prescribed for
the common school pupils, and at the age of six-
teen years began life's battle with such weapons
as were furnished him by his limited experience.
K. R. KNUDSEN.
He had, however, the advantage of the better
equipment afforded by eighteen months attend-
ance upon the high school. He was apprenticed
to the trade of a baker and confectioner, becom-