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the ocean. He and his brothers owned the
schooner "Pamlico," the first vessel loaded from
Chicago for Liverpool. This was in 1873, and
the cargo consisted of twenty-four thousand seven
hundred bushels of corn.

November 17, 1857, occurred one of the most
disastrous storms which ever visited Lake Michi-
gan, an event long to be remembered by the fami-
lies of those who were sailors at that time. A
number of vessels were wrecked off the shore of
Chicago, and many lives were sacrificed to the fury
of the elements. The number of fatalities would
have been far greater but for the bravery and har-
dihood of Captain Prindiville and his crew, who
manned the tug "McQueen" and brought many
of the men to land in safety, though at the peril
of their own lives. For this act of bravery and
humanity, on the evening of that day, Hon.
Stephen A. Douglas, in behalf of the citizens,
who had assembled at the Tremont House, ten-
dered him a purse of $700 in gold. This valua-
ble testimonial he modestly declined, recommend-
ing that the money be distributed among the
families of the crew of the "Flying Cloud," all of
whom had been lost in the storm. This is only
one of the many instances of his courage and self-
sacrifice in behalf of others. It is an acknowl-
edged and well-known fact that he has saved more
human lives than any other navigator on Lake
Michigan.

Captain Prindiville is the father of eight living
children, the offspring of two marriages. On the



J. W. GARY.



i8th of November, 1845, Miss Margaret Kalehr
became his bride. After her death he married
Margaret Prendergast, a native of Burlington,
Vermont, who came to Chicago with her parents
about 1840. Of his three sons, Redmond is now
an ex-captain of lake craft, and resides in Chi-
cago. James W. and Thomas J. are associated
with their father in the vessel and marine busi-
ness.

Captain Prindiville has been a steadfast Roman
Catholic from boyhood, and is now a communi-
cant of the Cathedral of the Holy Name. He is



broad-minded and tolerant toward all sincere
Christians. He is a member of the Royal Arca-
num, and in national politics has been a life-long
Democrat, but gives his support to any good citi-
zen for local office, irrespective of party fealty.
He has been a member of the Chicago Board of
Trade since 1856, and is now one of the oldest
citizens connected with that body. His noble,
self-sacrificing spirit and unquestioned integrity
of character have won a host of friends, by whom
his memory will be cherished long after the mere
man of millions has passed into obscurity.



JOHN W. GARY.



(JOHN W. CARY was the lineal descendant
I in the fifth generation of John Gary, who
O came from Somersetshire, near Bristol, Eng-
land, in 1634, and joined the Plymouth Colony,
and a son of Asa Gary, who was born in Mans-
field, Connecticut, in 1774. He was born Feb-
ruary ii, 1817, in Shoreham, Vermont. Four-
teen years later, his parents removed to western
New York, where he attended the common
school, assisting his father on the farm until, at
the age of twenty, he entered Union College. He
supported himself through college, and was grad-
uated with the Class of 1842. Two years later he
was admitted to practice in the Supreme Court of
New York, and followed his profession in Wayne
and Cayuga Counties until 1850, when he re-
moved to Wisconsin, taking up his residence at
Racine. He took an active interest in educational
matters, and as a School Commissioner was in-
strumental in developing the public-school sys-
tem of Racine. He was elected State Senator in
1852, and Mayor in 1857. Two years later he
removed his home to Milwaukee, and was at



once engaged as solicitor and counsel to fore-
close the mortgages given by the La Crosse &
Milwaukee Railroad Company. At the resulting
sale, the property was purchased by the Milwau-
kee & St. Paul Railroad Company (now the Chi-
cago, Milwaukee & St. Paul), which he had in-
corporated, and of which he continued as the
legal adviser and one of the controlling spirits to
the day of his death, a period of thirty-six years.
Until 1887 he was the General Solicitor of that
company, at which time the Board of Directors
created the office of General Counsel, and he was
then chosen to that position, which he continued
to fill up to the time of his death. He was not
only the legal adviser of that company, counsel-
ing on all questions and conducting all its litiga-
tion, in which he was eminently successful, es-
pecially before the Supreme Court of the United
States, but during all that time he was the chief
counselor and adviser of the general policy of the
company. He stood high in the legal profession,
and was regarded by all as one of the best equip-
ped railway lawyers in the country. Some of the



1 3 2



J. W. GARY.



cases in which he appeared as counsel before the
Supreme Court of the United States, and in which
he was successful, rank among the most notable
cases of that court. He argued before that court
what is known as the Milk Rate case, which was
the case of the State of Minnesota against the
Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul Railway Com-
pany, decided in April, 1890. The magnitude
of that case, both as regards the principle in-
volved and the moneyed interest affected, places
it by the side of such cases as the Dartmouth
College case, the case of McCulloch versus Mary-
land, and the Slaughter House cases. The Su-
preme Court in that case held, as Mr. Gary had
for many years contended, that the reasonableness
of a rate of charge for transportation of property
by a railroad company was a question of judicial
determination, rather than of arbitrary legislative
action, and that State Legislatures, in fixing the
rates of freight, must fix reasonable rates; that is,
rates which are compensatory, such as will per-
mit carriers to receive reasonable profits upon
their invested capital, the same as other persons
are permitted to receive.

The success of Mr. Gary in this case is all the
more notable from the fact that fifteen years pre-
viously he appeared as counsel for the St. Paul
Company in what are known as the Granger
cases, in which that court declined to adopt the
rule which it afterwards established in the Milk
Rate case.

Of the members of that court at the time the
Granger cases were argued, but one remains,
Justice Field, and of the leading counsel who ap-
peared in those cases all have passed away ex-
cept William M. Evarts. It is a notable fact that
Mr. Gary survived every justice who was a mem-
ber of that court at the time of his first appearance
therein, as well as the leading lawyers who were
practicing in that court at that time.

It is told of Mr. Gary that he successfully
argued fourteen cases during one session of the
Supreme Court, against such men as Caleb Gush-
ing, Matt H. Carpenter, Henry A. Cram, of New
York, and other eminent men.

In 1872, while a member of the Wisconsin
State Legislature, he was requested to draw a



general railroad law for the state, which he did,
and the statute which he prepared was adopted
and is still in force, and has passed into history
as one of the most important laws ever enacted in
Wisconsin, and is regarded by all as a law fair
both to the people and the railway companies.

No person in the State of Wisconsin was better
or more favorably known than Mr. Cary. His
reputation as a lawyer of marked abilities, and
his character for candor and integrity as a man,
were enviable. At all times and everywhere he
maintained the honor of his profession and the
majesty of the law. Those who knew him best
respected him the most.

He always took a great interest in political af-
fairs, and was unusually well versed in national
and political history. Throughout his entire man-
hood he was a devoted adherent of Democracy,
receiving in 1864 the nomination for Congress,
and upon several occasions the complimentary
vote of the Legislature for United States Senator.
During the long period in which the Democratic
party was in the minority, which covered nearly
the whole of his maturer years, Mr. Cary re-
mained steadfast in his loyalty to its principles.
But for this fact his name would undoubtedly
have found place on the pages of history among
the most eminent statesmen of his generation. A
man of vast mental endowment, clear of judg-
ment, and true as the needle to the pole was he
to the right as he saw the right.

He resided in Milwaukee until 1890, when the
general offices of the Chicago, Milwaukee & St.
Paul Railway Company were removed to Chicago.
At this time he removed his home to Hinsdale, a
suburb of Chicago, where he resided until his
death, which occurred in Chicago on March 29,
1895.

In 1844 Mr. Cary was married to Eliza Vilas,
who died in 1845, leaving a daughter, Eliza. In
1847 he was married to Isabel Brinkerhoff. He
has seven children living, namely: Eliza, who is
the wife of Sherburn Sanborn; Frances, the widow
of Charles D. Kendrick; Melbert B., Fred A.,
John W., Jr., George P. and Paul V.

In his intercourse with his fellow-men, and
with his associates in professional labor, he was



E. W. BAILEY.



'33



alway/ considerate and gentle. No unkind or
reproachful word ever passed his lips. He was
true acd faithful in friendship, magnanimous in
his dealings with others, and every act was
prompted by the highest sense of honor. He was
modest and unassuming, simple and unaffected in



manner, and admired, trusted and loved by all
who knew him.

" In his family and home life
He was all sunshine; in his face
The very soul of sweetness shone."



EDWARD W. BAILEY.



["" DWARD WILLIAM BAILEY, a member
ry of the Chicago Board of Trade, was born at
I Elmore, La Moille County, Vermont, Au-
gust 31, 1843. His parents, George W. Bailey and
Rebecca Warren, were natives of Berlin, Vermont.
The Bailey family is remotely of Scotch lineage.
George W. Bailey was one of a family of thirteen
children, and was bereft of his father in childhood.
He participated in the War of 1812, entering the
service of the United States at the age of sixteen
years. But little is known of his service, except
that he was in the battle of Fort Erie. He be-
came a prominent farmer and practical business
man, officiating as President of the Vermont
Mutual Life Insurance Company, and for many
years filled the office of Judge of Probate in
Washington County, a circumstance which indi-
cates the regard and confidence reposed in him
by his fellow- citizens. His death occurred at
Montpelier in 1868, at the age of seventy years.
Mrs. Rebecca Bailey was a daughter of Abel War-
ren. She died upon the homestead farm at El-
more in 1885, having reached the mature age of
eighty-three years.

Edward W. Bailey is the youngest of ten chil-
dren. His education was obtained in the public
schools, and in Washington County Grammar
School at Montpelier. From the age of seventeen
years, he assisted his father in the management
of the homestead farm, thereby developing a
strong muscular frame and acquiring strength
and endurance for the subsequent battle of life.



He also inherited the upright character and con-
scientious principles for which his progenitors
had been conspicuous, and when, in 1869, he en-
tered upon his commercial career, he was fully
competent to meet and master the exigencies and
vicissitudes which ever beset the business man.
At that date he purchased a grocery store at
Montpelier, and the following year he and his
partner increased their business by the addition
of a gristmill. When the firm dissolved, a few
years later, Mr. Bailey retained the mill and
still continues to own and operate the same.

In 1879 he located in Chicago, and, in partner-
ship with V. W. Bullock, began dealing in grain
on commission, an occupation which still em-
ploys his time and attention. After the first two
or three years, Mr. Bailey became sole proprie-
tor of the business, and now occupies commo-
dious quarters in the Board of Trade Building.
In most instances, he has been successful, and he
has ever maintained a reputation for honorable
dealing and integrity of character, which has
earned him the confidence of all his business as-
sociates. There is, perhaps, no man upon the
Board of Trade to-day in whom the public has
better reason to trust or whose business credit is
freer from imputation.

In June, 1869, he was married to Miss Jennie
Carter, daughter of Charles H. Carter, of Mont-
pelier, Vermont. The lady was born in Wil-
mington, Massachusetts, and has become the
mother of two children : George C. , who holds a



134



J. B. BRADWELL.



responsible position with the great packing house
of Swift & Company, and Mary D., wife of Fred-
erick Meyer, of Chicago. Mr. Bailey holds
liberal views on religious subjects, and was for
many years a member of the congregation of the
late Prof. David Swing. He is not in fellowship
with any social or religious organization. Though
not an active politician, he never fails to exercise



the right as well as duty of casting a vote,
and supports Republican principles, believing the
Republican party to represent the best social and
economic ideas. He is a man of resolution and
prompt action, and his industrious habits have
made him an exemplary business man, whose life
and character are worthy of the emulation of the
rising generation.



HON. JAMES B. BRADWELL.



HON. JAMES B. BRADWELL. This dis-
tinguished gentleman, an excellent portrait
of whom is herewith presented, was born
April 16, 1828, at Loughborough, England. His
parents were Thomas and Elizabeth (Gutridge)
Bradwell. The family left England when James
was sixteen months old, and settled in Utica,
New York, where they resided until 1833, when
they removed to Jacksonville, Illinois. They
went from Jacksonville to what is now Wheeling,
Cook County, Illinois, in May, 1834. The fam-
ily made the trip in a covered wagon drawn by a
span of horses and a yoke of oxen, and, although
the distance was but two hundred and fifty miles,
it took twenty-one days to complete the journey.
Young Bradwell spent a number of years upon a
farm in Cook County, splitting rails, breaking
prairie, mowing and cradling in the old-fashioned
way, which aided to give him that strength of
body and mind which he possesses at the age of
sixty-seven. His early education was obtained
in a log schoolhouse; later in Wilson's Academy,
of Chicago, in which Judge Lorenzo Sawyer, of
California, was tutor; and was completed in Knox
College, Galesburg, Illinois. He supported him-
self in college by sawing wood and working in a
wagon and plow shop afternoons and Saturdays,
where he often had to take his pay in orders on
stores, which he discounted at twenty-five cents



on the dollar. This resulted in the young man
taking an oath that if ever he lived to employ
men he would never pay them in orders or truck.
Although he has paid hundreds of thousands
of dollars for wages, he has religiously kept his
oath. For a number of years before his admis-
sion to the Bar he worked as a journeyman at
several different trades in Chicago. He is a
natural mechanic, and, believing with Solomon
that "the rest of the laboring man is sweet," he
aimed, even when on the Bench and at the Bar,
to devote a portion of every day to some kind of
manual labor. It is said that he could earn his
living to-day as a journeyman at any one of sev-
enteen trades. As a process artist he has few su-
periors. He invented a process of his own for
doing half-tone work, and has the honor of hav-
ing made the first half-tone cut ever produced
in Chicago that of Chief Justice Fuller, of the
United States Supreme Court. Nearly forty years
ago he was admitted to the Illinois Bar, and,
being a good speaker, a bold, dashing young
man, and considerable of a "hustler, "he succeeded
in building up a large and paying practice. In
1861 he was elected County Judge of Cook Coun-
ty by a larger majority than any judge had ever
received in the county up to that time; and in
1865 he was re-elected for four years. Judge
Bradwell was elected to the Legislature of Illi-



OF THE
iVERSITY OF ILLI'




JAMES B. BRADWELL




MYRA BRADWELL



MYRA BRADWELL.



135



nois in 1873, and re-elected in 1875. He has
held many offices in charitable and other institu-
tions; presided at Cleveland during the organiza-
tion of the American Woman Suffrage Associa-
tion; was President of the Chicago Press Club;
President of the Chicago Rifle Club, and for
many years was considered the best rifle shot in
Chicago; President of the Chicago Bar Associa-
tion; President of the Illinois State Bar Associa-
tion, and for many years its historian; President
of the Chicago Soldiers' Home; Chairman of the
Arms and Trophy Department of the Northwest-
ern Sanitary Commission and Soldiers' Home
Fair in 1865; one of the founders of the Union
League Club of Chicago, President of the Board
of Directors the first year, and the first man to
sign the roll of membership, "Long John" Went-
worth being the second; he has been President of
the Chicago Photographic Society, and was Chair-
man of the Photographic Congress Auxiliary of
the World's Columbian Exposition.

When on the Bench he ranked as a probate
jurist second only to the distinguished surrogate,
Alexander Bradford, of New York.

He was the first judge to hold, during the war,
that a marriage made during slavery was valid
upon emancipation, and that the issue of such a
marriage was legitimate upon emancipation and
would inherit from their emancipated parents;



or, in other words, that the civil rights of slaves,
being suspended during slavery, revived upon
emancipation. The opinion was delivered in the
case of Matt C. Jones, and was published ap-
provingly in the London Solicitors' Journal, and
fully endorsed by Mr. Joel Prentiss Bishop ten
years after it was rendered, in one of his works.
Judge Bradwell was the friend of the widow and
the orphan an able, impartial judge.

He was an influential member of the Legisla-
ture, and aided in securing the passage of a num-
ber of measures for the benefit of the State and
the city of his adoption. He holds advanced
views as to the rights of women, and introduced
a bill making women eligible to all school offices,
and, mainly by his influence and power, secured
its passage; also a bill making women eligible to
be appointed notaries public.

Judge Bradwell has taken the Thirty-third and
last degree in Masonry, and is an honorary mem-
ber of the Supreme Council with its Grand East
at Boston, and also an honorary member of the
Ancient Ebor Preceptory at York, England. He
has recently published a neat volume of Ancient
Masonic Rolls and other matter of interest to the
order, showing that there was originally no pro-
vision against the admission of women to the fra-
ternity.



MYRA BRADWELL.



IV/lYRA BRADWELL. In these latter days
I V I of the century, a century which has done
\(Q\ more for women than any other in the his-
tory of the world, it is interesting to record the
life of a citizen of Chicago of national reputation,
who wrought earnestly, wisely and successfully
for woman's advancement.

To follow in a pathway which has been made
for one is easy. To be an original and practical



leader, clearing the way for others to come, is a
difficult undertaking. Such a leader was Myra
Bradwell, one of the pioneers in the movements
to give woman equal rights before the law and
equal opportunities to labor in all avocations.

Myra Bradwell was born in Manchester, Ver-
mont, February 12, 1831. In infancy she was
taken to Portage, New York, where she remained
until her twelfth year, when she came West with



J36



MYRA BRADWELL.



her father's family. In the warp of her nature
was woven the woof of that sterling New England
character which has made such an impress on
our national life. On her father's side she was
descended from a family which numbers many
noble men, philanthropists, eminent divines and
noted statesmen. Her father, Eben Colby, was
the son of John Colby, a Baptist minister of New
Hampshire. Her father's mother was a lineal
descendant of Aquilla Chase, whose family gave
to the world the noted divine, Bishop Philander
Chase, of the Episcopal Church, and Salmon P.
Chase, Chief Justice of the United States.

On her mother's side she was a descendant of
Isaac Willey, who settled in Boston in 1640. Two
members of the family, Allen and John Willey,
served in the Revolutionary War, and were in the
little army which suffered glorious defeat at Bun-
ker Hill. Her family were aggressive Abolition-
ists and stanch friends of the Lovejoys. The
story of the murdered martyr, Elijah Lovejoy, as
recounted by the friend of her youth, Owen Love-
joy, made a deep impression upon her mind.
Thus early was implanted a hatred of slavery
and injustice in the soul of one who was destined,
in after yeprs, to bear a conspicuous part in free-
ing her sex from some of the conditions of vas-
salage in which it had stood a champion who
broke one of the strongest barriers to woman's
enfranchisement, the Bar, and paved the way for
women into the upper halls of justice, into the
greatest court of the world. As a student, pos-
sessed of a keen, logical mind, with the soul of a
poet, she early evinced a deep love for learning,
and made the most of the limited educational ad-
vantages which were then deemed more than suf-
ficient for girls. After studying at Kenosha and
the ladies' seminary in Elgin, Myra engaged in
teaching.

May 18, 1852, Myra Colby was united in mar-
riage with James B. Bradwell. Soon after her mar-
riage she removed with her husband to Memphis,
Tennessee. While there she proved herself a
veritable helpmate, conducting with her husband
the largest select school in the city. In two
years they returned to Chicago, where her hus-
band engaged in the practice of the law, and



where they have since resided. With the ardor
of a true patriot, she could not remain inactive
when danger threatened the Government which
her Revolutionary ancestors fought to establish.
During the war she helped care for the suffering,
the wounded and the dying. The Soldiers' Fair
of 1863, and the Fair of 1867 for the benefit of
the families of soldiers, had no more active or
efficient worker than Mrs. Bradwell. She was a
member and Secretary of the Committee on Arms,
Trophies and Curiosities of the great Northwest-
ern Sanitary Fair, and was the leading spirit in
producing that artistic and beautiful exhibition in
Bryan Hall in 1865. When the war was over,
she assisted in providing a home for the scarred
and maimed and dependent veterans who shoul-
dered the musket to preserve the Union.

Becoming deeply interested in her husband's
profession, she commenced the study of law un-
der his tutelage, at first with no thought of be-
coming a practicing lawyer, but subsequently she
decided to make the profession her life work, and
applied herself diligently to its study. In 1868
she established the "Chicago Legal News," the
first weeekly law periodical published in the West,
and the first paper of its kind edited by a woman
in the world, and which stands to-day the best
monument to her memory. Believing fully in
the power of the law, she adopted as the motto
of the "Legal News" the words Lex Vincit, which
have always been at the head of its columns.
Practical newspaper men and prominent lawyers
at once predicted its failure, but they under-esti-
mated the ability and power of its editor. She
obtained from the Legislature special acts mak-
ing all the laws of Illinois and the opinions of the
Supreme Court of the State printed in her paper
evidence in the courts. She made the paper a
success from the start, and it was soon recognized
by the Bench and Bar throughout the country as
one of the best legal periodicals in the United
States. With her sagacity, enterprise and mas-
terful business ability she built up one of the
most flourishing printing and publishing houses
in the West. Two instances may be cited to
show her business energy and enterprise. From
the year 1869, when she first began to publish



MYRA BRADWELL.



137



the Illinois session laws, she always succeeded
in getting her edition out many weeks in advance
of any other edition. At the Chicago fire, in
common with thousands of others, she lost home
and business possessions, but, undismayed by
misfortune, she hastened to Milwaukee, had the
paper printed and published on the regular pub-
lication day, and thus not an issue of her paper



Online LibraryJohn MorleyAlbum of genealogy and biography, Cook County, Illinois : with portraits (Volume 1900) → online text (page 20 of 111)