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the fire-insurance business, which occupied his
attention until the great fire. The spring follow-
ing this disaster he contracted a severe cold, which
developed consumption and terminated his life.
His death occurred in 1874, at the age of forty-
five years.

Mrs. Carrie R. Jones, who still resides in Chi-
cago, was born in Goshen, Indiana, where her
father's death occurred about the time she was
eleven years of age. Her mother's maiden name
was Randolph, and she was a relative of the noted
Virginia family of that name the Randolphs of
Roanoke. Her grandfather, who was a man of
considerable means and influence, devoted much
time and money to the cause of the American col-
onies during the Revolutionary War. During
the progress of that struggle he made an expedi-
tion to the West Indies in the interests of the Na-



tional Government, leaving his motherless chil-
dren in charge of a neighbor and friend. His
absence was unexpectedly prolonged, and during
this time the neighbor moved across the Ohio
River to the western frontier, and the family was
never re-united.

The subject of this sketch attended the public
school until twelve years of age, at which time,
owing to his father's failing health, he was
obliged to abandon his studies and begin the bat-
tle of life. He obtained employment in the in-
surance office of the late George C. Clarke, his
first position being that of errand boy. Under
the instruction and training of his kind employer,
he rapidly developed an aptitude for business and
was promoted to more responsible positions. At
the age of twenty years he became the bookkeeper
and confidential man of the concern, with which
he continued to be identified until 1893. Few
boys of his age had to contend with the stern,
realistic problems of life to such a degree as he,
but, with the advice and counsel of his employer
and aided and sustained by his mother's counsel,
he made the most of his opportunities. He at-
tended night schools at intervals and subsequently

became a teacher of bookkeeping to night classes
at the Chicago Athenaeum.

In January, 1893, he was made City Manager
in Chicago of the Liverpool & London & Globe
Insurance Company, which position he has filled
up to this time with credit to himself and the mu-
tual advantage of the parties concerned. He now
occupies one of the finest suites of offices in the
city, being located in the new and modern Asso-
ciation Building.

Few people who know Mr. Jones as an able,
thorough-going business man are aware that be-
neath his calm, sedate and unemotional exterior,
there are veins of sentiment, philosophy and enthu-
siasm which are seldom allowed to assert them-
selves during business hours. His more intimate
associates, however, know him as a man of re-
fined and cultivated tastes, who has given consid-
erable attention to the study of vocal music and
other arts. He is a member of the Apollo and
Mendelssohn Clubs. He takes little interest in
political or other public movements, but feels a
deep concern in the development of the intellect-
ual and spiritual sentiments of mankind.


educator of prominence -and one of the old-
est members of Chicago's German colony,
believed in the brotherhood of man and the equal-
ity of all before the law, and this brief sketch of
his life will show a little of the much he did for
the emancipation of the down-trodden from op-
pression and slavery, as well as something of his
efforts in educating and preparing for the respon-
sibilities of after life many of the active and in-
fluential citizens of Chicago.

Professor Wiedinger was born at Engen, near
Constance, in Baden, Germany, on the isth of
August, 1826. His ancestors, though not titled,
were persons of property and influence, and were

among the leading citizens of the municipality in
which they dwelt.

Abraham de Santa Clara, a monk and author
of distinction some centuries past, was a near
relative of Professor Wiedinger 's maternal ances-
tor of several generations ago. Among the host-
ages shot by General Moreau in the Napoleonic
wars, and whose bones were recently interred
with great honor, was an ancestor on the mater-
nal side. For a political offense another gave up
his life under the leaden prison roof of Venice.

His father, George, served as an officer in the
French army in the famous Peninsular campaign,
and with his brothers was in the Government em-
ploy, he being engaged in arboriculture and viti-



culture, and having charge of a large number of
men. George Wiedinger died some time in the
fifties, aged seventy-seven. His wife, Apollonia,
nee Fricker, died in 1848, at the age of fifty-six.
This couple were the parents of thirteen children,
only three of whom grew up to years of maturity,
all the others dying in early childhood. The eld-
est child was George, the second Julius Batiste,
and Bernhard was the youngest.

Bernhard Wiedinger obtained at Constance the
education afforded by the real school and gymna-
sium, and later attended the Heidelberg Univer-
sity. There he spent two years, and was noted
alike for his knowledge of languages and musi-
cal versatility. The noted rebellion of 1848 broke
out while he was a student at the university, he
being then twenty -two years old, and enrolled as a
soldier. Young Wiedinger had imbibed in his
studies a fierce and unquenchable love of liberty,
and hatred of all forms of oppression and tyranny,
and did not hesitate to cast his lot with the Revo-
lutionists and share in the dangers that the up-
rising brought to those who participated in it.
He saw bloody work, and was several times
wounded. A wound which he received in the
head was of a serious nature. The collapse of
the Revolution brought swift and summary pun-
ishment to many who had raised their hands for
liberty. Among those who were taken was young
Wiedinger. Until two days before his trial all
who were tried were sentenced to death and exe-
cuted. His punishment was severe, on account
of his having been enrolled in the army. He re-
ceived a sentence of ten years in prison, seven
months of which were spent in solitary confine-
ment. After spending something over a year in
prison, by the aid of friends he escaped to Switz-
erland, and later went to France. In the latter
country, on account of a speech he made at a
demonstration by Republicans, he was compelled
to leave the political asylum he had sought in
Europe, and come to America, where his efforts
in the cause of freedom were destined to be far-
ther-reaching and more successful than they had
been in countries where oppression had crystalized
in monarchy.

Arriving in the United States in 1851, he re-

mained for a time at Philadelphia, where he had
distant relatives. He at once began to learn the
language of the country, and in order to do so in
what he thought would be the most successful
way, he obtained employment on a farm where
he would hear only English spoken. He re-
mained on the farm one month, and in after life
he often jocosely said that in that time he learned
just five words, "breakfast, dinner and supper,
horse and harness. ' ' He was not long, however,
in acquiring a knowledge of English. Among
his earliest acts was filing a declaration of his in-
tention to become a citizen of the republic whose
political institutions were so dear to him.

His first permanent employment was as travel-
ing salesman for a Philadelphia book house, and
in that business he remained for some time and
traveled much. He early became an enthusiastic
worker in the cause of the abolition of slavery.
He was a delegate to the first Republican Na-
tional Convention held at Cincinnati in 1854, and
stumped the state of Indiana with Oliver P. Mor-
ton for that party, speaking in German. Later,
he went to Kansas, where he thought his efforts
in the abolition cause would be more helpful, and
there had charge of a station of the "underground
railroad," as it was called, for the aid of slaves
escaping from the South. He spent some time
in the law office of Sherman & Ewing, and was
assistant Secretary of the famous Topeka Con-
vention. John Brown numbered him among his
band, and when he planned his historic raid on
Harper's Ferry sent for him; but he arrived at
the place of rendezvous twelve hours too late.
In the early part of 1860 he started an abolition
paper at St. Joseph, Missouri, but one night a
mob visited his office, threw his type and presses
into the river, and he was compelled to seek a
more promising field of operations. Coming to
Illinois, he recruited a company of one hundred
men for the famous Hecker regiment, and was
elected Captain. On account of defective sight,
caused by injury to his eyes when a child, he was
prevented from going to the front.

Soon afterward he came to Chicago and bought
out a German school of small proportions and en-
gaged in the work of education. He was very



successful as a teacher, and soon had three hun-
dred pupils in attendance. Later he organized a
company which built a schoolhouse on the corner
of La Salle Avenue and Superior Street. His
health failing, he was compelled to give up teach-
ing in 1868 and seek outdoor employment. Sub-
sequently he gave private lessons, was a clerk in
the postoffice for a year, and also held a position
in the City Clerk's office for two years. A por-
tion of the time between 1868 and 1878, when his
health permitted, he was engaged in teaching.
He spent a part of this time in the school, but
most of the time as a private tutor. In those
years, beside the misfortune of bad health, he
suffered the loss of his schoolhouse and household
goods in the great fire.

In 1865 Mr. Wiedinger was married to Miss
Mary D. Moulton, a native of Maine, and a
daughter of Judge Jotham Tilden Moulton, of
Chicago. Mrs. Wiedinger is a descendant of an-
cestors who helped build up the New England
States. Her father, born October 8, 1808, was a
graduate of Bowdoin College, where the poet
Longfellow was one of his teachers. He gradu-
ated from Harvard Law School, where he was a
classmate of Wendell Phillips and Charles Sum-
ner, with the latter of whom he maintained a life-
long friendship. Coming to Chicago in 1852, he
bought a third-interest in the Chicago Tribune,
which he sold a year later. He held the office of
Deputy Clerk of the United States Court, and
United States Commissioner and Master in Chan-
cery, which last office he held until after the fire.
His death occurred in 1881. Mr. Moulton was
the son of Dr. Jotham Moulton, and grandson of
Colonel Moulton, who died in 1777, after serving
one year in the struggle for independence. Mrs.
Wiedinger has been a teacher for a large part of
her life, rendering valuable assistance to her hus-
band in his profession. She has also written for
the press, contributing translations, original stories
and poetry.

Mr. Wiedinger left three sons: George T.,
Bernhard M. and Frank A. The first of these is
a lawyer, the second is engaged in real-estate work,

and the third has chosen the newspaper profession.

Mr. Wiedinger was one of those earnest and
tireless men whose energies keep them always em-
ployed. As a friend of freedom, he took an
active part in the great moral struggle that pre-
ceded the appeal to arms, in which he was unable
to engage on account of physical infirmity, but
to the aid of which his most effective assistance
in every other way was given. He aided in
the organization of the Republican party, in
order that a bulwark of freedom might be es-
tablished, and stood in the forefront of progress
of that party till 1888, when he considered the
party had gone from the position it formerly oc-
cupied, and he then joined the ranks of the Dem-
ocracy. As an educator, he took a place among
the leading Germans of Chicago, and his worth
as a teacher is often testified by the leading Ger-
man-American citizens of Chicago, who were his
pupils and life-long friends. He was liberal in
his ideas and progressive in his work, and said
that, if he had done nothing else, he had made it
impossible to have a successful German school in
Chicago without having an English teacher in it.
In the organization of societies of various kinds
he took a leading part. He was one of the or-
ganizers and President of the Turners' Associa-
tion of Chicago, also one of the organizers of the
Schiller Liedertafel, and its musical director. In
recent years a bowling club, composed of his
former pupils, assumed the name of " Wieding-
er' s Boys."

In physique Mr. Wiedinger was a powerful
man, and a complete master of the art of self-de-
fense. Once, when attacked by three ruffians, he
knocked one down with his fist, kicked over an-
other, and the third, seeing the condition of his
companions, fled for safety. He was a prolific
writer in his early years, and the habit of con-
tributing to the newspapers he kept up through
life. As a friend, a husband and father, he showed
those rare characteristics that endeared him to his
familiars. His gentle, confiding nature, his do-
mesticity, and devotion to his family were ap-
parent to all.





(7JAMUEL J. JONES, M. D., LL. D., is a na-
Nk tiveofBainbridge, Pennsylvania, born March
Q) 22, 1836. His father, Doctor Robert H.
Jones, was a practicing physician in the Keystone
State for a third of a century, and died in 1863.
The mother, whose maiden name was Sarah M.
Ekel, is a member of one of the pioneer families
of the old town of Lebanon, Pennsylvania, of
Swiss and Huguenot descent. At the age of sev-
enteen, their son Samuel, having finished his pre-
paratory studies, in the fall of 1 853, entered Dick-
inson College at Carlisle, Pennsylvania, from
which he was graduated four years later with the
degree of A. B. In 1860 he received the degree
of A. M., and in 1884 was honored by his alma
mater with the degree of LL. D. His choice of
a vocation in life was no doubt influenced by his
father's successful practice of medicine, and at an
early age he determined to follow in his father's
professional footsteps. Accordingly, on leaving
college, he began the study of medicine, which he
pursued for three years under his father's super-
vision. In the fall of 1858 he matriculated at the
University of Pennsylvania, and after pursuing
the studies prescribed in the curriculum of the
medical department of that institution, took the
degree of M. D., in the spring of 1860, just thirty
years after the father had graduated from the
same university.

The advantages and opportunities for observa-

tion and adventure presented by the United States
naval service proved too attractive for the young
practitioner to resist, and he became one of the
competitors in the examination of candidates for
the position of Assistant Surgeon. He success-
fully passed the examination, and received his ap-
pointment just before the outbreak of the War of
the Rebellion, and entered upon a life which, for
activity, change, excitement and opportunity for
acquiring experience, should have fully satisfied
his desires in those particulars. He first saw
service on board the United States steam frigate
"Minnesota," which sailed under sealed orders
from Boston, May 8, 1861, as flag-ship of the
Atlantic blockading squadron. Three months
later he was present at the battle of Hatteras In-
let, which resulted in the capture of the Confed-
erate forts with fifteen hundred prisoners, and
ended the blockade-running there. This was the
first naval battle ever fought in which steamships
were used and kept in motion while in action.
In January, 1862, Doctor Jones was detached
from the "Minnesota" and detailed as Surgeon of
Flag-Officer Goldsborough's staff, on the expedi-
tion of Burnside and Goldsborough, which re-
sulted in the capture of Roanoke Island. Later
hu was assigned to duty as Staff Surgeon under
Commander Rowan, and was present at the cap-
ture of Newbern, Washington and other points on
the inner waters of North Carolina.



Soon afterward Doctor Jones accompanied an
expedition up the Nansetnond River for the relief
of the Union forces engaged in repelling General
Longstreet's advance on Suffolk, Virginia. This
force was under the command of lieutenant Gush-
ing, of Albemarle fame, and Lieutenant Lamson.
In the spring of 1863 Doctor Jones was assigned
to duty at Philadelphia, there passed a second
examination, was promoted to the rank of Sur-
geon, and assigned to duty at Chicago, where,
among other duties, he was engaged as Examin-
ing Surgeon of candidates for the medical corps
destined for naval service in the Mississippi River
Squadron. While occupying this position he was
ordered to visit various military prisons, and there
examined more than three thousand Confederate
prisoners who had requested permission to enlist
in the Federal service, and who were accepted
and assigned to men-of-war on foreign stations.
He was ordered to the sloop-of-war "Ports-
mouth , " of Admiral Farragut' s West Gulf Block-
ading Squadron, in 1864, and was soon after as-
signed to duty as Surgeon of the New Orleans
Naval Hospital, where he was at the close of the
Rebellion. In the fall of 1865 he was sent to
Pensacola, Florida, as Surgeon of the navy yard
and naval hospital. In 1866 he was again as-
signed to duty at Chicago, where he remained
until the marine rendezvous there was closed, in
the same year. In 1867 he was ordered to the
frigate "Sabine," the practice ship for naval ap-
prentices, cruising along the Atlantic Coast, which
was his last active service in the navy.

In 1868, after eight years' continuous service,
Surgeon Jones resigned to devote his attention to
private practice. Not long after he was elected
delegate from the American Medical Association
to the meetings of the medical associations of
Europe, and was, at the same time, commissioned
by Governor Geary, of Pennsylvania, to report
on hospital and sanitary matters of England and
the continent. He attended the meetings ot the
societies at Oxford, Heidelberg and Dresden, and
in the month of September, at the last place,
participated in organizing the first Otological
Congress ever held. Combining travel with study,
he enjoyed the remainder of the year in visiting

various parts of Europe and investigating med'-
cal and sanitary affairs, giving special attention
to diseases of the eye and of the ear. On his re-
turn to the United States he resumed practice in
Chicago in 1868. Soon after he was elected
President of the Board of Examining Surgeons
for United States Pensions at Chicago, and was
also made a member of the medical staff of St.
Luke's Hospital, and there established the de-
partment for the treatment of diseases of the eye
and ear, with which he has since been connected.

In 1870 Doctor Jones was again elected a del-
egate from the American Medical Association to
the meetings of the European associations, and,
during his stay abroad, spent some months in re-
search and investigation. In the same year he
was elected to the newly-established chair of
Ophthalmology and Otology in Chicago Med-
ical College, now Northwestern University Medi-
cal School, a position he continues to hold.. He
also established the eye and ear department in
Mercy Hospital and in the South Side Dispensary,
having charge of each of them for about ten
years. For a number of years he was one of the
attending staff of the Illinois Charitable Eye and
Ear Infirmary in Chicago. In 1876 he was a
delegate from the Illinois State Medical Society
to the Centennial International Medical Congress
at Philadelphia, and in 1881 represented the
American Medical Association and the American
Academy of Medicine at the Seventh International
Medical Congress at London. The Ninth Inter-
national Medical Congress was held in Washing-
ton, District of Columbia, in 1887, and of this Doc-
tor Jones was a member. He was President of
the section of otology, and was ex-qfficio a mem-
ber of the Executive Committee, whose duty it
was to arrange the preliminary organization of
the congress.

In 1889 Doctor Jones was elected President of
the American Academy of Medicine, whose ob-
jects, as stated in its constitution, are: "First, to
bring those who are alumni of collegiate, scien-
tific and medical schools into closer relations with
each other. Second, to encourage young men to
pursue regular courses of study in classical and
scientific institutions before entering upon the



study of medicine. Third, to extend the bounds
of social science, to elevate the profession, to re-
lieve human suffering and prevent disease."

Doctor Jones, as may be inferred from the read-
ing of the foregoing recital of his services in his
profession, is an enthusiastic worker and an able
physician, whose genial manner and success in
practice have made him widely known. His la-
bors in the many societies of which he has been a
member have been ably supplemented by the
product of his pen, which has been directed to-
ward raising the standard of the practice of medi-
cine. His writings have frequently appeared in
medical journals, and for several years he was
editor of the Chicago Medical Journal and Exam-
iner, one of the leading periodicals of the country.
He has successfully applied himself to acquiring
knowledge pertaining to his specialty, and for
twenty years has been recognized by both the
medical profession and the public as authority on
all matters pertaining to ophthalmology and otol-
ogy. He has always stood high in the esteem of
the profession, and has been active and influential
in its councils and deliberations. His fine personal

appearance, genial manners, fund of entertaining
conversation, and frank, manly deportment have
made him a favorite, both as an individual and a
practitioner, and drawn to him a large clientele.

He has never held any political office, but has
preferred the reward which has come to him, un-
sought, in his profession and in literature and
science. He has for a quarter of a century been a
member of the Chicago Academy of Science, and
he is one of its Board of Trustees. He is also
President of the Western Association of the
Alumni of the University of Pennsylvania, and of
the Illinois Alpha Chapter of the Phi Beta Kappa,
the oldest Greek-letter society in the United States,
founded in 1776, whose membership has always
been restricted and conferred as a recognition of

When the Illinois Naval Militia was organized
as a part of the National Naval Reserve, he was
solicited to give that organization the benefit of
his large experience in the naval service in the
War of the Rebellion, and he is now Surgeon of
the First Battalion, and has taken an active in-
terest in its development.


O. KEELER, who after an active
career i s spending his declining years at the
home of his only surviving son, No. 6818
Wright Street, Englewood, was born in Danbury,
Conn., on January i, 1819. His paternal grand-
father, of Scotch descent, was extensively engaged
in farming, and gave to each of his children as
they married considerable tracts of land. His
death occurred at the advanced age of ninety-five
years. Abraham G. and Sarah (Dan) Keeler,
parents of William O., were natives of Connecti-
cut. The father followed farming in that locality
until his death, which occurred December 23,

1836, at the age of sixty-two years. He was
drafted for service in the War of 1812, but hired
a substitute. His wife lived until 1860, passing
away at the age of seventy-seven years. She was
a member of the Baptist Church, under the in-
fluence of which church her children were reared.
William O. Keeler is the sole survivor of a-
family of eight sons and two daughters. He was
reared in his native town, and at the age of seven-
teen began learning the hatter's trade. For some
years he engaged in the manufacture of hats and
in merchandising, devoting his time and atten-
tion to those enterprises throughout his business

1 62


career. He established the first hat manufactory
in Yonkers, N. Y., employing eighty workmen,
which was considered a large force at that time.
On the 26th of April, 1843, Mr. Keeler was
united in marriage with Miss Abigail Stuart Clark,
daughter of Sallu P. and Hannah (Benedict)

Online LibraryJohn MorleyAlbum of genealogy and biography, Cook County, Illinois : with portraits (Volume 1900) → online text (page 24 of 111)