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Arthur Gilman Burley received for his educa-
tion the best that the common schools of his na-
tive Exeter had to offer, which information was
somewhat rounded out by a supplementary year at
the Exeter Academy. He resolutely turned his
young face toward the distant West at the age
of twenty-three, reaching his future home, Chi-
cago, on the seventeenth day of May, 1835.
(Sixty long years ago. Imagine the appearance
at that time of the country which is at present
covered by our fair city ! How many of the
comers of that day are yet in the flesh ?)

Mr. Burley first worked as clerk for John Hoi-
brook in a boot and shoe shop for about two
years. In 1837 ^ e went to New York City, to
buy for his brother-in-law, Stephen F. Gale, a

stock of books and stationery (one of the very
first to be imported among us) , and remained with
Mr. Gale for about two years following.

In 1838 the crockery business of the North-
west was founded by Mr. Burley, who bought
from the State Bank of Illinois a stock of such
goods, his place of trade being then located at
the corner of La Salle and Lake Streets. He
has been in that business ever since, a period of
over fifty-seven years, and is now regularly on
duty at the old stand.

He was burned out in 1842, and then moved to
No. 105 Lake Street, later to No. 175 on the same
thoroughfare, where, in 1852, he was joined by a
brother-in-law, Mr. John Tyrrell, who came on
from New Hampshire to enter into a partnership.
This still continues in operation, being incor-
porated under the firm style and name, "Burley
& Tyrrell, Importers and Dealers of Crockery,
Chicago. ' '

They had built their own quarters at No. 48
Lake Street about 1857, but, fortunately, had
disposed of the same before the time of the Great
Fire in 1871. They still had their store located
therein, which, of course, went up in smoke and
down to the ground in ashes. After this fire
they had a temporary office at the corner of State
and Sixteenth Streets; then occupied a store for
about three years at the corner of Van Buren and
Wabash; then removed to No. 83 State Street; and
finally to Nos. 42, 44 and 46 Lake Street, which
premises they continue to occupy at this time.
Having found it cheaper to rent, they have never
cared to build.

Mr. Burley also had the misfortune of having
his home burned up in 1874, when he was living
below Harrison Street. He is now, as lor a long
time, cosily situated at No. 1620 Indiana Avenue.

Although an unostentatious man, Mr. Burley
has been a very prominent figure in social and
business matters for very many years. Few in-
deed, if any, can antedate him in this relation.
He aided in the formation of the First Unitarian
Church (since called the Messiah) in 1836, one
of the oldest and foremost in the entire North-
west, and of which he has always been a most in-
terested and conspicuous member.



In politics, he has always been, since the days
of the Whigs were no more, a consistent Re-
publican, but in no sense or wish a public charac-
ter. A true exemplifier of the best principles of
Free Masonry, with which he affiliated as early
as 1848, he has never cared to go to the height
of degrees his proficiency and long service would
have richly entitled him to, and undoubtedly have
brought choice flowers of honor in their train,
but he has been Treasurer of Oriental Lodge for
forty-two years. He was also for a time much
interested in the mysteries of Odd- Fellowship.

Not at heart a club man, he has nevertheless
been a member of the Calumet, as he is at present
upon the roll of the Chicago Club. Very do-
mestic in habits, he is not frequently found in the

circle of club habitues. In public affairs and
whatever promotes the business and social good
and welfare of the community, Mr. Burley always
is an interested, and usually a participating, citi-
zen. Young in enthusiasm, certainly he bears
his laurel of years gracefully, as we will sincerely
hope he may long live to do.

Upon the twenty-fourth day of September, 1849,
Mr. Burley was joined in marriage with Welthy-
an Loomis Harmon, who comes of a good old-
time Down-East family. It is regretted that no
children have been born to them to perpetuate
the name and further the noble traits the family
has conspicuously borne up to this time in the
history of our country.


ROBERT RODMAND CLARK, an early resi-
dent of Lake View, now a part of Chicago,
is descended from English ancestors and was
born in Clarkson, Monroe County, New York,
May 24, 1831. His great-grandfather, William
Clark, came from England and located first on
the Hudson River, at Albany, New York, later re-
moving to the Mohawk Valley. He was pos-
sessed of some means, and dealt in realty during
his residence in America. His son William had
large holdings of lands and farms in central New
York, and was one of the first American import-
ers of Morocco leather, having his headquarters
at Utica, New York, his native place. He was
among the first settlers of Monroe County, and
the town of Clarkson was named for him and
another settler of the same name, though no rela-

tive, who located there in the same year. He
died there at the age of sixty-eight years. Five
of his seven children, four sons and a daughter,
grew to maturity.

The third of these, William L. Clark, born in
Utica, was about twenty years old when his par-
ents moved to Clarkson. He married Cornelia
Stewart, a native of Wyoming County, New
York. Her parents, Daniel and Sallie (Fish)
Stewart, were children of native Scotch parents,
and were born in Chemung County, New York.
She lived to the age of eighty-two years, passing
away at the home of her son in Lake View in
1886. William L. Clark was an extensive farm-
er, but lost heavily in speculation in later life.
He was an upright man, and reached the age of
seventy-two years, dying in Lake View in 1876.


He was affiliated with the Uuiversalist Church,
while his wife adhered to the Presbyterian teach-
ings of her fathers. They were the parents of
three children. The eldest, Sallie, is the widow
of George B. Marsh, now residing in Chicago;
and the youngest, Laura, is the wife of Charles
L. Bassett, oi LaPorte, Indiana.

Robert R. Clark is the second child of his par-
ents. He combines in a happy degree the sturdy
qualities of physical and mental make-up of his
ancestors. When a mere boy he determined to
recover his father's lost homestead as a home for
his parents, and before he had reached the age of
twenty years had accomplished his purpose.
Previous to the age of sixteen years he had the
educational advantages afforded by the common
schools, and he then went to Michigan, where he
found employment as a school teacher. Return-
ing for a short time to the home farm, he became,
in his eighteenth year, check clerk on board the
steamer "Empire State," plying between Buffalo
and Chicago, then the finest vessel on the Lakes.
He was subsequently on board the "Wisconsin"
one year, and returned, as chief clerk, to the
"Empire State," where he continued five years.
He also served on the "Southern Michigan" and
"Western Metropolis," all these boats being the
property of the Lake Shore & Michigan Southern
Railroad. The last two only ran from Buffalo to
Monroe or Toledo, where they connected with
that portion of the railroad completed from Chi-
cago to those points. Mr. Clark was on board
the steamer "Northern Indiana" when it burned
on Lake Erie, one beautiful morning, off Point
au Place, with a loss of between four and five
hundred passengers. Being a good swimmer,
he remained on board until the fire had swept to
the stern of the vessel (because of its propulsion
toward the shore), and after entering the water
saved several passengers by giving up to them
doors which he had wrenched from the staterooms
for his own use. He was finally picked up by a
boat bound for Buffalo, and made his regular
trip out of that port on another vessel the night
of the same day. When the "Golden Gate' ' was

wrecked on the bar at the mouth of Erie Harbor,
a short time later, Mr. Clark was on board, and
was saved with all the rest save one, who tried
to swim ashore in the midst of the wreckage. The
wreck was continually swept by the waves, but
it was safer than the choppy bay, full of the
floating cargo of the "Golden Gate." All who
remained on board were safely conveyed to shore
by a Government vessel in the morning. With
the exception of one year, which was spent as re-
ceiver in charge of the ticket office at Buffalo,
Mr. Clark continued in the marine service until
he settled in Chicago in 1857.

Having made some successful investments in
Chicago during his previous visits here, he de-
cided to settle here, a resolution which was, prob-
ably, strengthened by his marriage, in 1857, to
one of Chicago's fair daughters. This was Miss
Blanche, only daughter of the late Daniel Elston,
one of Cook County's most worthy and honored
pioneers. In 1859 Mr. Clark turned his atten-
tion to the fuel trade, and later dealt in lumber,
but his chief occupation has been the handling of
realty. For the last twenty years he has made a
specialty of leasing residence property to others
who would improve it, and has been largely in-
strumental in building up what was formerly a
suburb known as Lake View, now a part of the
great metropolis in name as well as in fact. He
has naturally taken a keen interest in the moral
and material welfare of that section, and has act-
ively participated in the government of the town
and village of Lake View. In political affilia-
tion he is found with the Democratic party on
national issues. In religious belief he is ex-
ceedingly liberal, and very independent in all
thought and action. His early experience taught
him self-reliance, and his history should serve as
a worthy example to the ambitious young man.
He is still the owner of the old homestead in New
York. Mr. Clark is fond of hunting, and is a
member of the Poygan Shooting Club, whose
members spend much of the duck-hunting season
on Lake Poygan, in Wisconsin.





(3 EORGE M. PULLMAN was born in Brocton,

bChautauqua County, New York, March 3,
1831, and is the third child of James Lewis
and Emily Caroline Pullman. The father was a
native of Rhode Island. Emily C. Pullman was
the daughter of James Minton, of Auburn, New
York. She was a good wife and mother, and
assisted her husband in implanting in the minds
of their children the best moral principles, while
inculcating habits of industry and careful study.
The father was a builder and house-mover, and
George early began to observe his methods, while
assisting in his operations. Some very useful ap-
pliances of the business are the invention of the
elder Pullman. He died in 1853, and the respon-
sibility of head of the family fell upon George,
who was the eldest unmarried son. Through
almost forty years of her widowhood, he was the
stay and loving aid of his mother, who passed
away in May, 1892, after seeing all her seven chil-
dren occupying responsible and useful positions
in life.

Royal H., the first-born, is pastor of the First
Universalist Church of Baltimore. His interest
in public affairs is demonstrated by the fact that
he was the candidate of his party for Congress in
1890. Albert B., who died in 1893, occupied up
to 1882 responsible positions in the Pullman
Palace Car Company, which is the creation of his
younger brother, George. James M. Pullman,
D. D., is pastor of the Universalist Church at
Lynn, Massachusetts, the leading parish of that
sect in America. Charles L. was, until Septem-
ber, 1894, contracting agent for the Pullman Com-
pany, but is now engaged in other business in
Chicago; and Frank W. was Assistant United
States District Attorney of New York, where he
died in 1879. Helen A. is the wife of George

West, of New York; and Emma C. is the wife of
Doctor William F. Fluhrer, chief surgeon of Belle-
vue Hospital, New York.

George M. Pullman was always of a practical
turn of mind, and was a diligent student of
branches which were calculated to fit him for a
business life. He enjoyed the benefit of a com-
mon-school education, and is remembered as an
industrious and hard-working pupil. At the age
of fourteen, he undertook to sustain himself, his
first employment being that of a clerk at $40 per
year. Neither his remuneration nor his tastes or
habits were likely to lead him into dissipation,
and he seems to have done his work with credit
to himself and satisfaction to his employer. At
the end of the year he joined his eldest brother,
who had a cabinet-making shop at Albion, New
York. This pursuit was well calculated to pre-
pare him for the subsequent conduct of the larg-
est building and furnishing enterprise in the
world, though he was, probably, wholly uncon-
scious of his future at that time. He persevered
and was faithful, because it was part of his nature,
as well as the natural result of his teachings and
early surroundings. He continued in the cabinet
work until the death of his father, in 1853. The
long illness of the head of the family, who wasted
away in gradual decline, had exhausted the means
of the common purse, so that the widow was con-
fronted with the necessity of providing for her-
self and her minor children. In doing this, she
was not left to battle alone, for her son George at
once took up the responsibility of head of the
household and relieved her of financial burdens.

The Erie Canal was about to be enlarged, and
the commissioners had asked for bids for raising
or removing many buildings along its banks.
Young Pullman was the successful bidder on some



of these contracts, and so well did he manage his
enterprise that he was enabled to maintain the
family in comfort, and arrived in Chicago in 1859
with a capital of $6,000 as the result of his sav-
ings. About this time the courts decided that
Chicago had the power to grade the streets, and
he quickly found ample employment in raising
the buildings to correspond with the grade.
Probably but few of the modern residents of the
city know .that the streets of the South Side are
some ten feet above the original prairie level, and
that the buildings standing in 1856 had to be
raised that distance to meet the street level. In
1860 Mr. Pullman was occupying a lot of two
hundred feet front, at the corner of Washington
and Franklin Streets, with his machinery and ap-
pliances, and a small one-story building for an of-
fice. He was full of the spirit of push and prog-
ress which animated Chicago in those days, and
did not hesitate to enter upon undertakings of
great magnitude. Among these was the lifting
of the entire block of brick buildings facing the
north side of Lake Street, between Clark and La
Salle. This was successfully accomplished by
the aid of six thousand jackscrews, without in-
terruption to the business conducted in the struc-
tures, or the breaking of a single pane of glass
or a yard of plaster.

A recent writer says: " His true mission was
the creation of the sleeping-car system. *
Nowhere else has the matter of splendid, ingen-
ious, artistic appliances for indoor comfort been
carried to such a pitch as in the devising and
constructing of the palace car, of which thousands
have been built; and each year, if not each day
and each car, brings a studied advance on its pre-
decessor. * * Giving his days to labor
and his nights to restful travel, a man may spread
his field of usefulness over a continent, without
the sapping of his strength or the shortening of
his days. ' '

The idea of the sleeping-car came to him one
night while observing his fellow train-passengers
buying head-rests from a vendor to mitigate the
discomfort of an all-night ride. Soon after, he
took passage on one of the ' ' night cars ' ' of the
time, and while seeking repose on the comfortless

shelf provided, evolved the idea of the modern
sleeper. His knowledge of cabinet-making here
came to his aid, and he met and overcame many
difficulties in the preparation of a model. The
general plan varied but little from the present
form, having comfortable berths that could be put
away during the day, leaving a coach suitable for
day travel. In 1859 he secured from the Chicago
& Alton Railway two old passenger coaches to
experiment with, and in an unused railway shed,
on the present site of the Union Passenger Station
at Chicago, he worked to realize his idea, wholly
at his own expense. The result was the first
pair of real "sleepers" in the country, which
were put in successful operation on the night
trains between Chicago and St. Louis.

This result did not deter him from an under-
taking which he had for some time contemplated,
namely, a trip to the gold fields of Colorado.
After three years of mining, he returned to Chi-
cago very little richer in purse, but with addi-
tions to his stock of experience. He now set to
work to improve his original design of sleeping-
cars, which no one had had the shrewdness to
take advantage of during his absence. The cars
which he had remodeled were too small and not
of sufficient strength to carry out his ideas, and
he set to work to construct one especially for the
purpose. The car must be higher, the berths
wider, and more taste and elegance employed in
its furnishing. At an expenditure of one year's
time and $18,000 in money, he produced the first
real ' ' palace car. ' ' It was named the ' ' Pioneer, ' '
and is now stored in honorable retirement at
Pullman; but it was found to be too high to go
under some of the viaducts spanning the rail-
roads, and the wide steps would not pass the
platforms of many stations. It began to look as
if he must build a railroad to accommodate his
invention. Just at this time the body of the
martyred President, Lincoln, was to be brought
from Washington to his native state, and the
obstacles to the passage of the ' ' Pioneer ' ' were
removed, in order that it might be employed in
that sad funeral journey. It formed a part of
the train which took the body to its last resting-
place at Springfield. From that time the eastern



roads were open to it and its counterparts. The
present wide use of the Pullman sleepers, in
Europe as well as in America, is too well known
to need comment. The history of the Pullman
Palace Car Company is almost as well understood,
though many who enjoy the facilities for comfort-
able travel afforded by it know little of the labors
of its founder in establishing a happy and desira-
ble home for its employes at Pullman.

The history of the great strike at Pullman and
among railway employes in 1894 is also now a
matter of history. During its progress Mr. Pull-
man maintained a dignified and consistent atti-
tude, notwithstanding much harsh and unjust
criticism; and the course of the Pullman Com-
pany in that struggle has been generally vindi-

The Nation, in its issue of November 22, 1894,
refers to the general feeling that the existence of
the Government and of society itself was at stake
in this strike, and that to give in to the strikers
at that point, or at any point, would have been a
deadly blow to liberty and the rights of property;
and says: "What account of the circumstances
accompanying this strike, which was not so much
a strike as a social convulsion, can be complete
if it leaves out the intense anxiety of the best
citizens lest a fatal surrender of principle should
be made?" * * * " There were hundreds of
thousands of the best American citizens who re-
joiced with great joy at that critical moment that
Mr. Pullman was unyielding;" and "Americans
abroad anxiously scanned the fragmentary des-
patches and prayed fervently that Mr. Pullman
would at any rate stand firm."

Mr. Pullman has been identified as an initial
force with other large enterprises than the Palace
Car Company, of which he is the head. Among
these may be mentioned the Metropolitan Ele-
vated Railway of New York, which was con-
structed in the face of determined and powerful
opposition. He has taken an active interest in
the project for the construction of a canal across
the isthmus of Nicaragua. Another work in
which he rendered great public service was in the
distribution of relief funds after the great fire of
1871. At the earnest appeal of Mayor Mason,

he accepted the charge of disbursements as trus-
tee, which was accomplished without the loss of
a dollar, though to the detriment of his private
interests through consumption of his time.

In private life Mr. Pullman is a patron of art
and literature, and a supporter of elegance and
refinement in society. In 1867 he married Miss
Hattie A., daughter of James Y. Sanger (whose
biography appears elsewhere in this work). Two
daughters, who are active in philanthropic and
religious work, and twin sons complete the fam-
ily. They are: Florence Sanger; Harriet S.,
now the wife of Francis J. Carolan; George M.,
Jr. , and Walter Sanger.

It has been Mr. Pullman's happy privilege to
erect for the Universalist Society at Albion, New
York, a memorial of his parents, in the form of
a handsome and substantial church edifice. It
is built of dark brown Medina stone, 125x80 feet
in ground dimensions, with perfect furnishings
and decorations. On the right and left, as one
enters the auditorium, are placed the bronze
medallion portraits of Mr. Pullman's father and
mother. They were designed by Sculptor Carl
Rohl Smith, of Chicago. They are oval, two
feet five inches by one foot nine inches, and
framed in a narrow moulding, ornamented with
pearls. The tablet inscription is as follows:

Erected by a Son

as a
Memorial to His Father,


In Recognition of His Love and Work for the
Universalist Church and Its Faith,

In Memory of His Mother,


One with Her Husband in the Joys and Hopes of

Dedicated January, 1895.

It is inclosed in a border composed of a wreath
of ivy, the symbol of affection. A beautiful me-
morial window is in the west transept.

The dedicatory services were held on the last
day of January, 1895, the sermon being delivered
by Rev. R. H. Pullman, of Baltimore. At the
installation of the pastor, on the same day, the



Rev. James M. Pullman, of Lynn, Massachusetts,
preached the installation sermon, when the Rev.
Charles Fluhrer, D. D., late of Grand Rapids,
Michigan,was made pastor. Others who officiated

in the services were the Rev. Dr. C. H. Eaton,
D. D., of New York; the Rev. Dr. J. K. Mason,
D. D., of Buffalo; and the Rev. Asa Saxe, D. D.,
of Rochester.


gressive and energetic business man of Chi-
cago, was born in Williamsville, Erie Coun-
ty, New York, January 24, 1847, and is a son of
William H. Hutchinson and Jane Grove. The
Hutchinson family, which is, doubtless, of Eng-
lish origin, located in the Connecticut Colony as
early as the seventeenth century. Joseph, the
father of William H. Hutchinson, served through
the War of 1812, as lieutenant of a company of
Connecticut troops. He took part in the campaign
about Fort Erie and Buffalo, and the close of the
war found him stationed at Detroit. Soon after the
cessation of hostilities he resigned his commission
and settled in western New York. His sojourn
in this locality during the war had revealed to
him its pre-eminent advantages as an agricult-
ural country. For many years he was landlord
of the Mansion House at Williamsville. His
death occurred in Chicago in 1877, at the age of
seventy-nine years.

William H. Hutchinson, who was born in Leb-
anon, Connecticut, removed with his family to
Chicago in the spring of 1849. Soon after com-
ing to this city he began the manufacture of soda
water, which he continued up to the time of his
death, which occurred in 1880, at the age of six-
ty-five years. His place of business was at the
corner of Randolph and Peoria Streets, where he
erected a large factory, which escaped destruction
in the Great Fire. The family residence, at the

corner of North State and Erie Streets, was swept
away in that conflagration. His prompt loan of
a quantity of soda-water boxes, which afforded
admirable pigeon-holes at the time, enabled the
postoffice to resume the distribution of the mails
with little delay after the fire. He was ever a

Online LibraryJohn MorleyAlbum of genealogy and biography, Cook County, Illinois : with portraits (Volume 1900) → online text (page 35 of 111)