on from sunrise to sunset, often overtaxing his
strength, but never his resolution; the outcome
of it all being that he made a very excellent im-
pression upon his employer, which eventually
ripened into a most sincere friendship, and con-
tinued until the General's death.
In winter the woods on every side gave em-
ployment for ready, strong hands; for instance, he
sometimes hired himself out to cut timber and
split rails down on the Fox River, a hard task set
belore him, when it is considered that he usually
had to walk five or six miles to and from his work.
While engaged in this severe physical labor he
did not neglect his mind. His early tastes in-
clined him to study, but his educational advan-
tages in boyhood were of the limited sort incident
to the development of a new country. His desire
for knowledge, however, led him to supplement
this rudimentary training by night study, a sys-
tem of self-education which he followed for many
years, poring over his books by the light of a
candle far into the night. His course of study was
comprehensive, including those branches which
pertained to mechanics, as well as those which
would fit him for the duties and responsibilities
of social and business life.
Thus year by year, he laid the foundation for
what he afterwards became, a wisely-useful, highly
esteemed, self-made man. Though not a civil
engineer, at different times he was called upon to
perform many of the duties which now-a-days fall
to such an office; though not a graduated me-
chanic, yet he used with deftness saws and tools
so fine that it required the aid of a microscope to
see clearly the component parts; nor yet an artist,
yet full of artistic sense and adaptability, leaving
as an example of much not to be mentioned a
creation in mezzotinting, full of feeling, of the
Mother of Christ and Infant, esteemed almost
above all else by the family
When the Chicago & Galena Union Railroad
was under construction, Mr. Hinckley became one
of the first engineers, and had the honor of run-
ning the first engine out of Chicago across the
Fox River. It was the old "Pioneer," the mem-
ory of which is treasured by many early Chica-
goans, and which now has a place in the Field
In 1852 he went into business for himself, as
grocer on Randolph Street, subsequently remov-
ing to State Street, near Van Buren, where for
long years he was known as an enterprising mer-
chant of unimpeachable integrity. In 1865, in com-
pany with Gail Borden, of New York (father of
the enterprise and now of world-wide reputation
in connection with such product), and Messrs.
Cole and Hubbard, of Elgin, Illinois, he founded
the Elgin Condensed Milk Company, now known
as the Illinois Condensing Company, and con-
tinued his active relations with this concern until
Mr. Hinckley was a brave man, not only in the
sense of not shrinking from responsibilities which
confronted his life as a matter of course, but more
worthily in the taking up of dangerous situations,
not necessarily a part of his legitimate cares, but
ever exemplifying the "Golden Rule." At the
first season of the cholera, when many sufferers
were succumbing to the fell disease, for which
there seemed no remedy, when persons who were
physically able were fleeing the place as from a
plague, he stayed calmly at the post of danger,
down by the river, nursing, praying and officiat-
ing at the last sad rites, not himself falling a vic-
tim, as God sometimes requires should happen,
but coming out of the ordeal chastened and up-
lifted in soul.
The son of parents who believed the holding of
human beings in bondage to be wrong, if not
positively sinful, he was strongly anti-slavery in
his convictions. In early life his sympathies were
with the Whigs, but after the formation of the
Republican party, his affiliations were with that
organization. While firm in his political faith, he
took no active part in politics, contenting himself
with casting his ballot for the ticket of his choice.
But the keynote of his long, noble life is to be
found in his religion. A practical, vivifying,
Godly and charitable religion: not content in lip
service of a Sunday morning, but celebrating seven
days of the week in actions showing how man's
S. T. HINCKLEY.
sphere, clearly fead, stretches nigh to the very
throne of God.
For a half century he was identified with the
First Presbyterian Church of our city, ready at
all times to assist in assuming disbursements and
advancing moral well-being, and when the church
undertook the establishment of mission Sunday-
schools he became one of the active workers in
the old Foster Mission, never losing interest in
works of piety and true benevolence. He was a
member of the Humane Society and Secretary ot
the one at Elgin for some ten years.
Mr. Hinckley never married. His interests
were centered on home, his mother especially re-
ceiving more than the usual share of affection,
and he cared for her most tenderly while she lived.
This love for kindred waxed with his increasing
years, and was as ardent and constant to the last,
as when they were togethe*- under the old roof-
tree in childhood.
None the less he loved his church and country;
but better than all else, he loved his God. His
benevolence was beautiful and Christlike. Emu-
lating the example of his Saviour, he cherished
the young with a special affection, and into what-
ever home he entered as friend or guest, the little
ones became at once his fast friends.
This lover of the young supported two mission-
aries of the American Sunday-school Union, who
gave their whole time to caring for destitute chil-
dren. The reports received from them were very
gratifying to him, from the fact that so many were
being saved from lives of sin and ignorance. The
non-sectarian character of the work was particu-
His personal expenditures were very moderate.
He ate, dressed and took his enjoyment modestly
and inexpensively. His extravagances were his
gifts to others. His benefactions were not con-
fined in a narrow channel, he ever remembered
the poor, the sick and the unfortunate, and had a
heart overflowing with kindliness and charity.
He gave with a liberal hand to the Young Men's
Christian Association, the American Sunday-
school Union, Mr. Moody's Bible Institute, the
Pacific Garden Mission, and many other institu-
tions. His benefactions were unostentatious.
He was exact in his business, kind to all who
served him, and his employes loved him as a friend.
It was said by one who knew him intimately
for many years, and who is himself noted for his
correct judgment of men, that "he was one of
Nature's noblemen," careful and considerate in
his language and action, never wilfully saying or
doing anything to wound the feelings of another.
In private life he exemplified the most generous
and unselfish traits of character. An attractive
and interesting conversationalist, his utterances
were chaste and dignified; any unbecoming jest,
or any departure from purity in thought or ex-
pression he treated with silent contempt; yet he
was one of the most companionable of men. He
had a keen sense of humor, and enjoyed a witty
saying or repartee with great pleasure, which was
more expressed by the smile in his eyes than by
words, and at the same time showing the most
gentle consideration for anyone who might be the
object of merriment in social conversation.
He maintained this happy trait of a genial heart
to the last, even when suffering great pain.
Though an invalid for many years, he kept active
in business till his final sickness, and the fatal
termination of his disease, September 5, 1894,
after a short illness, was a great sorrow and shock
to his family and many friends.
A glowing, but richly-merited tribute was paid
to Mr. Hinckley's character by his pastor, Rev.
Dr. John H. Barrows, of the First Presbyterian
Church. Among other things, Doctor Barrows
said: "He made himself the friend and helper of
those in his employ or associated with him.
Much might be said of his unselfish and constant
benevolence. He regarded himself as a steward
indeed, and he was a faithful steward. How con-
stantly he remembered the old First Church and
its benevolent causes, is well and gratefully known
to some of us. We have lost one of our choicest
members from this church, and made one of our
choicest additions to the ranks of the redeemed
on high. ' '
"His life was gentle, and the elements
So mixed in him, that Nature might stand up,
And say to all the world
This was a man. 1 "
S. G. SPAULDING.
SAMUEL G. SPAULDING.
(SAMUEL GRAY SPAULDING The name
?\ Spalding, like other names ending in "ing,"
Q) is one of the earlier surnames borne by Eng-
lish- speaking people. The Spaldings of the Uni-
ted States have been fortunate in having the gen-
ealogical history of the family written by Samuel
J. Spalding, of Newburyport, Massachusetts, from
which we learn many facts relative to its growth
John de Spalding (Burgess of Lenn) was a pur-
chaser of lands of about the fifty-first year of the
reign of Henry III. (A. D. 1267). Other records
of land transfers of very ancient date occur.
Edward Spalding was the first of the family of
whom we have any knowledge, and he came to
America in the earliest years of the Massachusetts
Colony, probably between 1630 and 1633. He
first appears in Braintree, Massachusetts, where
his wife, Margaret, and his daughter, Grace,
died, the former in 1640, and the latter in 1643.
He was made a Freeman May 13, 1640, and was
one of the settlers of Chelmsford, in the same
colony, which town was incorporated in 1655. He
was a Selectman in 1654, 1656, 1660-61, and Sur-
veyor of Highways in 1663. In 1664 the town
records made note of his fine orchard. His fam-
ily has been ably represented in every war of the
Colonies and United States (see sketch of Will-
iam A. Spalding). He died February 26, 1670.
Samuel Brown Spaulding, the father of the sub-
ject of this sketch, was descended from Edward
Spalding, through Andrew (2), Andrew (3),
James (4), Silas (5). He was born January 27,
1789, in Granville, New York, and later resided
at Brandon, Vermont, where he was a prominent
merchant. His first wife was Anna Gray, whom
he married October 2, 1814. She was born Jan-
uary 2, 1790, in Rutland, Vermont, and died
July 23, 1841, in Brandon. The second wife was
Lucy Lyon, the wedding occurring November
18, 1841. She was born November 25, 1796,
in Brandon. The children of Samuel B. and
Anna Spaulding were four, Samuel G. being
the third. He was born October 26, 1822, at
After taking a course in the public schools of
his native town, he learned the mercantile busi-
ness. When only about twelve years of age he
became a clerk in a store in Brandon. Some
years later, while still a youth, he went to Clare-
mont, New Hampshire, leaving home with but
twenty-five cents in his pocket. He engaged in
the sale of books, and as a compensation for his
services received $12 per month, out of which he
paid all his expenses.
His next employment was as commercial trav-
eler for a book house in Vermont, and in that
line he did good work, obtained good wages and
saved something from his earnings. With his
little capital he engaged in supplying notions to
wholesale dealers in the State of Vermont. In
this business he was successful, but, on account
of poor health, he was obliged to dispose of his
business, and James Fisk, afterwards celebrated
as a Wall Street broker, became the purchaser.
Two weeks after this sale Mr. Spaulding was on
his way to the West, where he expected to find a
more congenial climate and better commercial
In April, 1857, he arrived at Milwaukee, by
way of the Lakes. He entered into partnership
with a man who was engaged in the tobacco
trade, but soon found that he had obtained some
knowledge at the cost of the capital invested, the
volume of profits not being what had been repre-
sented. Making the best of the situation, Mr.
S. G. SPAULDING.
Spaulding became sole proprietor of the little
store, and then put his energies to work to build
up a trade. In the course of time he added a
wholesale feature and, becoming his own solici-
tor, he built up a fine wholesale business in the
Northwest. In those days the railroad ran no
farther than La Crosse, and thence to St. Paul
the journey was made by boat.
As Milwaukee did not afford the advantages
which his growing trade required, Mr. Spaulding
removed to Chicago in November, 1865, and
with Mr. Levi Merrick, of Milwaukee, formed the
firm of Spaulding & Merrick, and carried on the
wholesale tobacco business. Manufacturing was
a prominent feature of the industry, and in a
short time the business was so arranged that Mr.
Spaulding traveled for the house, while Mr. Mer-
rick had charge of the manufacture. The volume
of their transactions rapidly increased, and in
1871 the number of persons employed by the
firm was between two and three hundred, but the
great fire of that year swept everything the firm
had out of existence.
Returning home, accompanied by Mr. Mer-
rick, father of his partner, after spending all the
fatal night of the beginning of the conflagration
in observing its progress, Mr. Spaulding announ-
ced to his wife, "All I had is gone up in smoke."
To this she bravely replied, "We have our
health and our hands." Mr. Merrick's comment
on this reply was, ' 'There is good cheer for you. ' '
The situation was discussed, and the partners re-
solved to start anew in business. Friends who
admired their pluck and energy offered plenty of
financial assistance. Out of $36,000 insurance,
they afterwards received $13,000. The three-
story factory at Nos. 9 to 1 5 River Street was
replaced by another, and a greater number of per-
sons employed. The history of the firm from
this on is a record of success. Wise manage-
ment and hard work built up a great business,
the second largest in their line in the United
States. In 1889 Mr. Spaulding sold his interest,
but the business is still conducted under the old
Samuel G. Spaulding was married at St. Al-
bans, Vermont, on the twelfth day of March, 1857,
to Miss Marcia Isabel Hawkins. She was born
July 17, 1828, at Reading, Vermont, and is a
descendant of William Adrian Hawkins, who
was born January 18, 1742, and died at Reading,
Vermont, in 1817. His grandfather was a na-
tive of Dublin, Ireland, and married an English
woman. He emigrated to Bordeaux, France,
where two children, a son and a daughter, were
born. After his death his widow brought the
children to America. A son of the son, William
Adrian Hawkins, became a tailor. He went to
Wilton, New Hampshire, a short time before the
Revolution, and resided there until 1789, when he
moved to Reading, Vermont. He enlisted, April
2 3> J 775. in Captain Walker's company of Col.
James Reed's regiment New Hampshire troops.
He rose through the grades of first sergeant, en-
sign and lieutenant to the rank of captain. He
was made ensign for gallant conduct at the battle
of Bunker Hill. He served in the war seven
years, and was paid off in the almost worthless cur-
rency of those days. Forty bushels of rye was
the most valuable part of the pay he received for
his services. He married Abigail, daughter of
John and Abigail (Livermore) Keyes, who was
born at Northborough, Massachusetts, in Decem-
ber, 1743, and died at Reading, Vermont, in
1813. They were the parents of eight children.
William Lewis, the fourth child, was born at
Northborough, Massachusetts, June 14, 1773,
and died at Reading, Vermont, November 26,
1859. He married Anna Townsend, and they
were the parents of seven children. He was a
successful teacher, and taught out schools that
others failed to govern. He held town offices,
and was Postmaster at the time of his death, being
then eighty-seven years old and in the full enjoy-
ment of his mental faculties.
Lewis, eldest child of William L. and Anna
Hawkins, was born at Reading, January 23,
1798, and died at Sherburne, Vermont, April 29,
1875. He was a manufacturer and dealer in
boots, shoes, saddles and harness, and also dealt
in horses, which he sold at Boston. He married
Aliva Amsden, and they were the parents of
three children, of whom Marcia is the youngest.
Mr. and Mrs. Spaulding were the parents of
E. A. FILKINS.
two children: Mabel, the wife of Charles Fox-
well, junior; and Howard Henry Spaulding, who
now occupies a position with the house of Spauld-
ing & Company, jewelers of Chicago. Mrs. Fox-
well has one child, Frances. H. H. Spaulding
married Florence Baker, and has two children,
Lester and Howard, Jr.
Samuel G. Spaulding died on the fifth day of
September, 1893, at the age of seventy-one years.
Starting with but twenty-five cents in his pocket,
he worked his way from poverty to a command-
ing position in the line in which he spent most
of his life, and in which he took a great interest.
He attended all the conventions of the tobacco
manufacturers, and his views had great influence
among his associates in the trade. His geniality
and scrupulous honesty and business tact were
the foundation stones upon which his success was
built. Mr. W. D. Spalding, in speaking of him
said: "I knew him over thirty years. I never met
a pleasanter man than Mr. Spaulding. He was
genial, large-hearted and a true gentleman, and
made friends with every one he met."
EDWARD A. FILKINS.
f" DWARD AUGUSTUS FILKINS, a veteran
re) of the great American Civil War, has the
I honor of being a native of Cook County,
his birth having occurred in the village of Wheel-
ing, on the 29th day of May, 1842. He is a son
of Joseph Filkins and Clarissa Johnson, who were
among the earliest and most esteemed pioneers
of northern Illinois. Their ancestors included
some of the most loyal citizens, and members of
the Johnson and Filkins families have partici-
pated in every war of the Nation.
Joseph Filkins was born at Berne, Albany
County, New York. His father's name was
Richard, and his grandfather, Isaac Filkins, was
one of the earliest English colonists of Long
Island. He came from Cornwall, England, and
settled within the present limits of the city of
Brooklyn in 1665. He was a farmer and stock-
man by occupation, and was accompanied to this
country by two of his brothers, one of whom was
named Richard. Col. Henry Filkins, a descend-
ant of the last-mentioned, commanded a regiment
of Continental troops during the Revolution and,
upon the organization of the United States Gov-
ernment, in recognition of his services, he was
appointed the first Collector of the Port of New
York by President Washington.
Richard Filkins, son of Isaac, removed while a
young man to Albany County, where he became a
prominent farmer, and married a Miss Crabbe, of
Troy. Their son, Joseph Filkins, came West,
by way of the Great Lakes, in 1835, and, on land-
ing from a sailing-vessel at Fort Dearborn, pro-
ceeded to Wheeling and pre-empted a large tract
of land at that point. He was engaged in agri-
culture for the next fifteen years, and in 1837
built the first frame house on the stage line be-
tween Chicago and Milwaukee. This house is
still standing, and forms a prominent landmark
in the village of Wheeling. In 1850 he moved to
Chicago, and, in company with his son-in-law,
embarked in the wholesale hardware trade. The
name of the firm was Filkins & Runyon, and
their place of business was at the corner of Lake
and Wells Streets (the latter now known as Fifth
Avenue) . His death occurred in Chicago, No-
vember 12, 1857, at the age of fifty -two years.
He was a stanch Democrat, and was well known
as a public-spirited and progressive citizen. In
1842 he was elected Collector of Cook County,
E. A. FILKINS.
which at that time included several adjacent
counties. He was a member of the County Board
of Supervisors, and a member of the building
committee in charge of the construction of the
blue stone court house, being chairman of the
board at the time the building was completed.
Mrs. Clarissa Filkins was born at Hoosac Falls,
New York, in October, 1806. She made the
journey from New York to Cook County in a
wagon, accompanying friends who came in 1836.
She brought her eldest child, who was then an
infant, on this journey, and joined her husband
at Wheeling, where he had erected a log dwell-
ing before her arrival. This child was Elizabeth,
who became the wife of I. L. Runyon, and is
now deceased. Mrs. Filkins was a daughter of
Capt. Rufus Johnson, who commanded a com-
pany of mounted New York troops in the Revolu-
tionary War. His ancestors accompanied Roger
Williams in founding the colony of Rhode Island.
He was born in that State, and removed while a
young man to New York, and married Sarah
Gardner, a native of Bennington, in Vermont,
whose father, Samuel Gardner, lost his life in the
famous battle at that place.
Edward A. Filkins was the only child of his
parents besides the sister previously mentioned.
After completing the course in the Chicago pub-
lic schools, he attended a preparatory school at
New Haven, Connecticut. Owing to his father's
failing health, he abandoned the intention of en-
tering Yale College, and returned to Chicago.
He began his business career as salesman in a
wholesale dry-goods store, in which employment
he continued until the secession of the Southern
States. He was one of the first to offer his serv-
ices in defense of the Union, and enlisted on the
igth of April, 1861, as a member of Company A,
Chicago Zouaves, an organization which is en-
titled to much credit for having captured and
held the important strategic point of Cairo at
the very outset of the conflict. On the i jth of
June, 1861, he was mustered into the Nineteenth
Regiment, Illinois Infantry, and was soon after-
wards promoted to the rank of First Lieutenant
of Company C. He took part in engagements at
Green River and Bowling Green, Kentucky, and
was among the Union troops that entered the city
of Nashville. He afterwards participated in the
engagements of McMinnville and Chattanooga,
in 1862, the two-weeks campaign at Stone River,
and the bloody battle at Chickamauga and Look-
out Mountain. In the spring of 1864 he was de-
tailed to fill a position in the Quartermaster's De-
partment at Knoxville and Loudon, Tennessee.
In June of the same year he was sent to Chicago
in the same capacity, and continued to serve un-
til October, 1865, when he was honorably dis-
charged. Although he spent four and one-half
years in the service of the Government, he never
received a dollar of bounty, and has never applied
for a pension.
In 1866 he was appointed a clerk of the Board
of Public Works of Chicago, and continued to
hold clerical positions in the city or county for
the next twenty-six years. He served success-
ively in the office of the County Clerk, Circuit
Court, as Secretary of the Board of County Com-
missioners, and from 1882 to 1892 was chancery
record writer of the Superior Court. From 1872
to 1877 he filled a position in the United States
Revenue service in Chicago, and was afterward
for a time confidential secretary of Mayor Heath.
Since 1893 he has been manager of the Chicago
interests of a firm of commission merchants in
San Francisco, California.
On the tenth of October, 1865, Mr. Filkins was
married to Sadie H. Copelin, daughter of Thomas
and Julia Copelin, who now reside at Winnetka.
Mrs. Filkins was born at the Cape of Good Hope,
her father being at that time attached to the med-
ical corps of the British army in that colony.
Mr. and Mrs. Filkins are the parents of three
children: Edward B., Claire and Arthur J. The
family attends the Episcopal Church, and Mr.
Filkins is a member of the Grand Army of the
Republic and the Illinois Society, Sons of the
American Revolution. Since attaining his major-
ity he has been a steadfast Republican. His life
has been a busy one, most of which was devoted
to the public service, in either a civil or military
W. J. GOUDY.
WILLIAM J. GOUDY.
pCJlLLIAM JUDD GOUDY. "Like father,
\ A I like son" is a sentiment often syllabled,
Y Y with little or no apparent sense; but in su-
perlative meaning may it be borne in mind while
considering the subject of this sketch, William
Mr. Goudy, son of one of the most distin-
guished jurists who has ever lived in our midst
(the Hon. William Charles Goudy see sketch in