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3ULIUS M. WARREN, only son of Daniel
Warren, a pioneer settler of Du Page Coun-
ty (see biography elsewhere in this volume),
was born in Fredonia, New York, June 13, 1811,
being the first white child born in Chautauqua

County. He became a member of the New York
militia, in which he attained the rank of colonel.
With the family, he came to Du Page County in
the autumn of 1833, and spent the balance of his
life there. He was a very genial and happy-dis-



positioned gentleman, and early became a favorite
in society. A recent writer in the Chicago Her-
ald speaks thus of the society of that day: ' 'The so-
ciety of all this region, including town and coun-
try, forty-five years ago, had its attractive seat
and held its principal revelries in the valley of
Fox river. 'The best people' that came out
from the eastern states to settle in this region did
not stop in Chicago, but made for the magnifi-
cent farming lands in this vicinity. Some came
from central and western New York, where they
had seen families of the aristocracy plant them-
selves and nourish on the fat lands of the Mohawk
and Genesee valleys. To clear off timber and re-
duce those great farms to productivity, had taken
half a century of time and had exhausted the lives
of three generations. This was known to the new
emigrants, and as they heard of or saw these
Illinois lands, bare of obstinate trees, but clothed
with succulent grasses, of nature's sowing; in a
climate that possessed no torridity, nor yet any
destructive rigors; all this being known before-
hand, many refined and cultivated families came
out with all their effects, and bought or entered
land and proceeded to make themselves homes,
which, they had no doubt, would be homes to
them for their natural lives."

Mr. Warren had a keen sense of humor and
was always amiable and cheerful, which made
him a favorite in all circles. Instead ofdisaprov-
ing the amusements of the young people, he al-
ways had a strong sympathy and interest in their
pleasures. He was the constant attendant of his
sisters, and often laughingly mentioned them as
seven reasons why he should not marry. He was
also devotedly attached to his mother who was
justly proud of her only son. Together they kept
house until her death, when he induced his nephew
to bring his family to live on the old homestead
at Warrenville, where he continued to reside.
He passed away on the first of May, 1893, his
last words being, ' 'Take me home to my mother. ' '

In speaking of Colonel Warren and the village
of Warrenville, we again quote from the Herald:
"He called in a storekeeper, a blacksmith, a coop-
er and a carpenter, and a tavernkeeper came in
good time. Naperville was a smaller village, hav-

ing but two log houses. Aurora scarcely had a
being, and St. Charles was not. But all along
on the banks of the Fox river were settlers of a
high class, who had knowledge of and corres-
pondence with the eastern portions of the United
States. Foremost among these was Judge Whip-
pie, who, acting with the Warrens, father and
son, organized and gave direction to local affairs.
They were without postal facilities of any kind,
and every family had to send a member into
Chicago for letters and papers. A letter from
Buffalo to any place on the Fox river was from
four to six weeks in coming, and to Chicago cost
fifty cents postage. Colonel Warren making use
of eastern friends, got a postoffice (the first in the
valley) established at Warrenville in 1833, and
himself appointed postmaster. He was his own
mail-carrier, making weekly trips, on foot some
times, to Chicago and out again, with letters and
papers for distribution through his office to people
in all that section. Colonel Warren held this of-
fice for fifty years, and only lost it when President
Cleveland came in the first time."

Although chiefly self-educated, Colonel Warren
was a thoroughly well-read man, and was admir-
ably fitted for a leader in politics, as well as in so-
ciety. He represented his district for three suc-
cessive terms in the State Legislature, from 1840
to 1843, but refused to longer remain in public
life, preferring the quiet joys of his home and
neighborhood to anything the capital or metropo-
lis might offer. He continued to manage the
large homestead farm until his death. He was a
loyal adherent of the Republican party, having
espoused its leading principles before its organi-

The following incident will indicate the kindly
nature of Colonel Warren and his noble mother,
as well: A young lawyer of Chicago, now known
throughout Illinois as the venerable ex- Chief Jus-
tice of the State, John Dean Caton, fell sick of
fever while staying at the log tavern in Naper-
ville, one of the two buildings of that village.
Hearing of the case, Colonel Warren went at
once to see what he could do to render the suf-
ferer comfortable, and soon decided to remove him
to his own home, where he could receive better



nursing than at the little frontier tavern. This
probably saved the life of the patient, who attrib-
utes his recovery to the careful nursing of Mrs.
Warren and her daughters, with such aid as
Colonel Warren could apply. The last-named
saw the completion of his eighty-second year,

full of humor and harmless badinage to the last,
and died as the result of an attack of pneumonia,
after an illness of only two days, leaving as an
inspiration to those who come after the record of
a well-spent life.


("~ ERDINAND W. PECK. Among Chicago's
rft native sons, of whom she is justly proud,
is the subject of this sketch. He is the
youngest son of P. F. W. Peck, the pioneer
settler and merchant of the city (for biography
see another page), and was born in the family
residence, which stood on ground now covered by
the Grand Pacific hotel, July isth, 1848.

It is not often that one not stimulated by
necessity or forced to cultivate self-reliance
achieves anything worthy of note among the
active men of to-day. Without this stimulus,
Mr. Peck applied himself first to the acquirement
of an education, passing through the grades of
the city schools, graduating at the High School,
the Chicago University and the Union College of
I,aw. Next he took up the practice of his
chosen profession, and met with the full measure
of success vouchsafed to the young lawyer in a
field already occupied by a multitude of able and
experienced jurists and attorneys. After several
years of practice, with growing business that is
bound to come to one of his energy and ability,
he was forced to abandon the law to engage in
caring for the estate which his father had left to
the charge of his sons, at his demise. This
property consisted principally of real estate,
much of which had been stripped of its im-
provements by the great fire of 1871, and which
now required constant and careful attention.
Under the conservative management of the senior

Peck's sons, the estate has prospered, at the same
time it has conferred upon the city some of its
most valuable and permanent features.

Mr. F. W. Peck is a devotee of music and a
lover of art, and has been the means of bringing
to Chicago much of its culture in these elevating
and ennobling studies. For some years he cher-
ished the idea of providing the city with facilities
sufficiently ample and substantial to bring hither
all that was best in the line of intellectual and
refining entertainments. The Opera Festival of
1885, of which Mr. Peck was President, brought
to the city the finest musical and dramatic enter-
tainments ever offered to an American audience,
and made apparent to the citizens the need of
better facilities for such entertainments. Mr.
Peck seized upon this sentiment and organized
the Auditorium Association, of which he was
unanimously chosen President. The stock was
distributed among three hundred subscribers,
including the most prominent and wealthy
citizens, and the result is known to every denizen
of the city, in one of its most conspicuous land-
marks the Auditorium.

A recent writer says : ' ' The genius of the
world has exhausted itself in devising and
erecting architectural edifices. The Parthenon
in the age of Pericles, glorious in all the adorn-
ments of art wrought by the chisel of Phidias and
brush of Praxiteles, was a temple of heathen
worship; the mighty walls of the Coliseum were



raised to furnish an arena for gladiatorial brutal-
ity. Mediaeval architects reared the clustered
columns and vaulted arches of Gothic cathedrals
to woo men to pious aspirations; the chaste lines
and sculptured walls of the ' ' Nouvelle Opera ' '
were raised as a temple of music and dramatic
art; each had or has its beauties and special use;
but it remained for the genius of Chicago to con-
ceive and its enterprise to provide, by private
munificence, a structure as perfect as any in sub-
stantial utility, both as a gathering place of the
multitude and a temple of all the arts; the per-
fection of architectural genius. It is more capa-
cious than the Albert Hall of South Kensington,
more substantial than the new opera of Paris;
chaste, solid and sublime. ' '

Mr. Peck has shown the same zeal, energy
and ability in the conduct of public business
which has been placed in his charge that mark
all his own undertakings. As chairman of the
finance committee of the World's Columbian Ex-
position he assumed a heavy responsibility, and
aided in bringing that stupendous enterprise
through successfully and paying every pecuniary
obligation. This involved the expenditure of
over $30,000,000, and was calculated to test the
capacity of the greatest financiers. Mr. Peck is
also associated in official capacity with many of
the permanent institutions of the city, including
most of those calculated to promote an aesthetic
sentiment among the people. Some of these
official positions are the presidency of the Chicago
Athenaeum, the Auditorium Association and the
Union League Club; he has been Vice-president
of the Board of Education of the city of Chicago,
and was Vice-president of the World's Columbian
Exposition, with a seat in its board of reference
and control, on its executive committee, commit-
tee on legislation and special committee on cere-
monies, in addition to the finance committee, as
above noted.

Mr. Peck's habits and manners are wholly un-
ostentatious, and he is ever affable and kind to
all who may come in contact with him. In the
midst of a busy life, full of cares and responsibil-
ities, he gives much attention to the amenities of
life and has been an extensive traveler. In sum-

mer he spends much time out of doors, and main-
tains a summer home at Oconomowoc, Wisconsin,
and enjoys the honor of being Commodore of the
Wisconsin Yacht Club. His favorite yacht is
named the "Tarpon," in honor of his good for-
tune in capturing an enormous tarpon while fish-
ing off the coast of Florida at one time. In his
handsome home on Michigan Avenue, in the
city, are found a happy and congenial wife, four
sons and two daughters. Mrs. Peck is the
daughter of the late William A. Spalding, a
sketch of whom appears on another page.

In speaking of Mr. Peck, the History of Chi-
cago says: "One only slightly familiar with the
telltale disclosures of physiognomy, looking upon
his mild, refined and thoughtful features, cannot
fail to be impressed that behind them is character
of more than ordinary delicacy of sentiment and
maturity of mind, that belongs rather to the aes-
thetic than to the gross and material lines of
thought and action. While not an artist, he is
a lover of art; his mind has a constructive qual-
ity, which, with sympathy with human needs
and enthusiasm for the uplifting of the standard
of life among the masses of the people, calls him
to undertake enterprises of pith and magnitude,
for the education of the people, for inspiring them
with higher ideals of life, and leading them from
the indulgence of degrading passions, through
the ministries of the ' diviner arts, ' to higher
planes of living and enjoyment. This type of
mind is not often found amid the rush and com-
petition of life in our great cities. To its pos-
session and well-developed proportions by so
many of the well-to-do young men of Chicago,
whose names will readily occur to the observant
student of her inner life, is due in great part the
aesthetic character which Chicago has taken on,
despite her unwonted devotion to the more sordid
pursuits of her gigantic enterprises. With her
university and schools of every sort, with her art
studios and collections, with her social clubs, mu-
sical festivals and dramatic entertainments, and
especially since her magnificent triumph in con-
structing and maintaining the grandest exhi-
bition of art and industry which the world has
ever seen, Chicago easily leads all other Ameri-



can cities in aesthetic development, and stands
not far behind such old-world centers of art and
artists as Paris, Brussels and Florence."

The stockholders of the Auditorium Associa-
tion have caused to be placed in the foyer of the
Auditorium a bronze bust of Mr. Peck, upon the

granite pedestal of which has been inscribed: "A
tribute to the founder of this structure, from the
stockholders of the Auditorium Association, in
recognition of his services as their President, in
behalf of the citizens of Chicago. i{


was for many years connected with the mer-
cantile and maritime interests of Chicago,
was born in Dublin, Ireland, August 12, 1820.
His father, John Stafford, was a provision mer-
chant, and an intimate friend of Daniel O'Connell,
the famous Irish patriot. His mother's maiden
name was Sarah Mallon.

In the year 1828 the family removed to Port
Hope, Canada West (now Ontario), where John
Stafford bought and operated a grist, saw and
fulling mill. In the following winter he was
frozen to death while on the road between Port
Hope and Toronto. The next spring his widow
moved to Rochester, New York, where, a few
years later, her son John began the study of
medicine in the office of Elwood 8r Toby, the
former then one of the eminent surgeons of the
State, and the latter a prominent physician. Two
years later, in 1832, Mrs. Stafford died of cholera,
and the son abandoned his medical studies; but
he never forgot his mother's counsel and made
it the rule of his life, which has always been up-
right and stainless.

At the age of fourteen he began life on the
great lakes in the capacity of cabin boy on the
ship ' 'Julia Palmer, ' ' of Buffalo, New York. In
those days the old custom of serving grog (in this
case it was Santa Cruz rum) prevailed, and at
eleven o'clock each day the crew had its daily

rations. Being anxious to succeed, young Staf-
ford spent several years as a sailor, and gradually
worked up to a position as master, which he ac-
quired in 1849, at which date he became part
owner and captain of the brig "Boston," of Buf-
falo. In this capacity he spent three years on
the lakes.

In 1851 he settled in Chicago, and engaged in
the business of ship chandler and grocer on
South Water Street, in which occupation he re-
mained nine years. During that time he bought
vessels, and in 1860 he owned a fleet of ten. One
of these, the brig "Banner," made the voyage
from Chicago to Buffalo in four days and two
hours. In the year 1859 he purchased a half
interest in Sans* Ale Brewing Company. This
firm manufactured a very fine quality of ale and
supplied the United States Government, under
contract, with one hundred barrels of ale daily,
for use in the hospitals of the sick and wounded,
during the War of the Rebellion.

Mr. Stafford was a member and principal cap-
italist in the firm of Bennett, Peters & Co., then
the largest wholesale liquor house west of New
York. He sold his interest in the two last-men-
tioned firms in 1869, and disposed of his fleet of
ships the following year, since which time he has
not been actively engaged in business. During
all these years he had been active in politics, and
through this activity became well acquainted with



all the public men of his political (Republican)
faith in the State of Illinois since Richard Yates
was elected Governor of this commonwealth.
Although often solicited to become a candidate
for office, he would never consent, and has held
but one political position. During Mr. Yates'
term as Governor of Illinois Mr. Stafford was
prevailed upon to accept the appointment of Coal
Oil Inspector, in order to give the city the bene-
fit of his experience and ability in straightening
out the irregularities previously prevailing in the
administration of that office. This he did in
eight months, and promptly resigned. After the
great fire of 1871 he was a prominent member of
the Aid and Relief Committee, and contributed
liberally to assist the sufferers by that disaster.

It was in a work of vast importance to the citi-
zens of Chicago that Captain Stafford most dis-
tinguished himself, not only by his steadfastness
of purpose, but also by the results of his efforts in
a matter which involved the title to millions of
dollars' worth of property. In the year 1869 the
legislature of the State of Illinois granted to the
Illinois Central Railroad Company the use of the
lake shore a long distance south of the Chicago
River. The company afterward, in the exercise
of its riparian rights, usurped the rights of own-
ership over the adjacent portions of the lake and
filled up a portion of the harbor, subjecting so
much of the lake as it chose to its own purposes.
At the time of the passing of the statute providing
for the conveyance of an easement to the com-
pany, it was held to be illegal by some of the
best lawyers, and a meeting of merchants, cap-
italists and others was called to take measures to
resist the encroacuments of the railroad company.
As a result of this meeting, J. Young Scammon,
Thomas Hoyne and John F. Stafford were ap-
pointed a committee to take proper steps to re-
strain the company from exercising riparian
rights on the lake front. In pursuance thereof,
an injunction was obtained from the lower court,
which was sustained, but the railroad company
carried the case up until it finally reached the
Supreme Court of the United States, and there,
twenty-four years after its institution, the case

was decided adversely to the company. One
hundred million dollars' worth of property, it
was estimated, was thus saved to the citizens of
Chicago. While the suit was in the courts, Cap-
tain Stafford's colleagues had died, and he alone
had been left to see the end of this famous suit.
During all the years of this litigation Captain
Stafford had given the case unremitting attention,
and expended his money liberally in forwarding
the interests of the people, and did it all gratu-

In March, 1854, at Buffalo, New York, Cap-
tain Stafford was married to Miss Elizabeth C.
Cadwallader, daughter of Michael Cadwallader,
City Comptroller of that city, and for many years
editor of the Buffalo Journal. It is a noteworthy
fact that Gen. Thomas Proctor, the maternal
grandfather of Mr. Cadwallader, inducted Gen-
eral Washington into the mysteries of Free Ma-
sonry. Mrs. Stafford died in 1861, leaving
two daughters, Juniata and Minnie, who reside
with their father.

Although Mr. Stafford finds no more pleasant
place than his comfortable home on the North
Side, he has spent much time during recent years
in travel, always accompanied by one of his
daughters. The summer season of the year was
spent in northern resorts and the winter in the
South, sometimes as far away as Cuba or Mex-
ico. During the year 1888 Captain Stafford and
Miss Minnie spent six months in Europe, visiting
the home of his childhood (after an absence of
sixty-two years), the four quarters of Britain and
the principal countries of Southern Europe.

In politics Captain Stafford has been an earnest
and unflinching Republican since the organization
of the party. He has never been a candidate for
office, but has chosen, rather, to help deserving
friends to good positions. In religious faith he is
an Episcopalian, and for seventeen years has been
vestryman of Trinity Church. There is no man
in Chicago deserving a larger circle of warm
friends, or more highly esteemed for public ser-
vices than genial, warm-hearted Captain Stafford,
whose fidelity to the interests of the people of
Chicago will be long remembered.





Cortland County, New York, in January,
1815. His liberal education, for the times,
was received at the Albany (New York) Normal
School, under the tutelage of the eminent scholar,
Professor Woolworth. His law studies were
begun under the guidance of the distinguished
advocate, Joshua A. Spencer, of Utica, New
York. On coming to Chicago, in 1847, he con-
tinued his application until admission to the local
bar in 1849, and in 1862, on motion, was admitted
to practice in the Supreme Court of the United
States. Says a noted contemporary, "By force
of native genius and industry, he directly took a
front position in the ranks of his profession."
Remarkable indeed was the degree of success
which attended his twenty-five continuous years
of legal practice here, being annually retained by
such opulent clients as John V. Farwell & Com-
pany and Field, Leiter & Company ; and his profes-
sional affiliations being for many years with such
legal giants as Senator Lyman Trumbull and his
brother, George Trumbull.

In 1869 he was nominated by President U. S.
Grant to act as Associate Justice of the Supreme
Court for the Territory of Utah, which appoint-
ment was, on the isth of April of that year,
unanimously confirmed by the United States Sen-
ate. To this new sphere of usefulness he was
warmly welcomed, delivering the Fourth of July
oration at Salt Lake City the year of his arrival,
which was very highly complimented and at once
established his ability as a public speaker, in
addition to his known superior legal acquirements
and the laurel crown of jurist about to be won.

Of the succeeding four years, through which he
sat upon the Supreme bench of that polygamy-
practicing territory, it would be quite difficult to
speak in full justice, but, in the language of two

of his conservative biographers, we may chron-
icle, "Among the distinguished persons who
have figured in the affairs of Utah, there is none
deserving a more respectful notice than Judge
Hawley . ' ' ' 'Every subject demanding his official
attention has been grasped firmly and fearlessly,
and his written decisions and opinions upon the
various legal issues which have been submitted to
his consideration are noted for their soundness,
ability and perspicuity. ' '

Taking a firm stand against the Mormon sys-
tem, as might have been expected, he encoun-
tered the solid antagonism of its united press
and public efforts, in which he was made the sub-
ject of undeserved censure and even vituperative
abuse. But the golden purity of his judgment
and decisions continued unsullied by malign tra-
ducers, living now in the immortal canons of law
of that region, wherein his own bravely sown
seeds were among the first and noblest to bear
governmental fruit. On all questions involving
polygamy or other associated evils, which were a
growing menace to these United States, he took
the most determined and unwavering stand against
further usurpation by, or continuance in the prac-
tice of such customs. No more doughty champion
of the right has ever thrown down the glove of
challenge against Mormon-entrenched hierarchy;
for to the subject of this sketch, as much as to any
single person, is due credit for the improved pres-
ent tone and condition of that territory, now ad-
mitted to our sisterhood of States.

From among many of his prominent decisions,
afterward published in pamphlet form, we make
mention of the following: "Opinion of the Su-
preme Court as to the Jurisdiction of Probate
Courts in the Territory of Utah," 1870; "An
Important United States Supreme Court Decision
for Utah," 1871; "Arrest of Militia Officers in



Utah Territory," after 1870; "Militia Officers in
Utah Territory, Habeas Corpus Decision," after
1870; "Habeas Corpus Decision of January 28,
1873;" "The Mormons and the Treaty with

Online LibraryJohn MorleyAlbum of genealogy and biography, Cook County, Illinois : with portraits (Volume 1900) → online text (page 52 of 111)