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Album of genealogy and biography, Cook County, Illinois : with portraits (Volume 1900) online

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1377 and 1413. Either he or his only heir
changed the name to its present form, and it thus
appears in all the records of marriages, baptisms
and burials in Knaresborough Church. The
records show a will, dated October 9, 1585, made
by Thomas Coghill, of Tentergate, in the town-
ship of Scriven, and parish of Knaresborough,
who was the eldest son of Marmaduke Coghill.
The family was prominent in military and naval
affairs. Three fell in battle one in Africa, one
in Europe, and the third in America. One served
with distinction in Asia, and another was vice-
admiral on the high seas.



Benjamin C. Coghill, grandfather of Mrs. Buck,
was born in Carolina County, Virginia, in 1826,
and died in 1880. The records of the family, in
his handwriting, show that a son of Thomas Cog-
hill, ST., left England in 1664 and settled in
Essex County, Virginia, where he died in 1685.
In 1764 a portion of Essex County became merged
in Carolina County, Virginia, in which precinct
the father and grandfather of Benjamin C. Cog-
hill, William and Thomas Coghill, Sr., respect-
ively, were prominent citizens. The children of
Benjamin C. Coghill were Benjamin C., Millicent
E., Fannie K. and J. W- Coghill. Mrs. Buck
is a worthy descendant of her noble ancestors, and
the congenial wife of a worthy husband.



JOHN NAPER.



(JOHN NAPER. If New Germany, like New
I England, is a part of America, surely its
Q) capital is not far from our chief metropolis,
Chicago, in the fair state of Illinois. Like the
early settlers Down East, most of our Teutonic
citizens first come among us with limited means,
but with a determined will to do and become
something respectable, and often honorable. As
a race very industrious, sober, healthy and in-
telligent, they soon prove their right to enjoy in
the highest sense the full responsibilities of Amer-
ican freemen; we therefore frequently find those
of the second and third generations have become
some of our best educated, richest and most influ-
tial leaders in both private and public life.

One of these early Germans was born at Han-
over in the year 1814, his name being John Na-
per, the subject of this sketch, who, as one of
Chicago's early settlers, and the father of children
who already have proven their abilities as repre-
sentative citizens of the United States, is entitled



to have the worthiest facts of his useful life pre-
served herein for the benefit of future genera-
tions.

Mr. Naper's father was a Catholic, while his
mother was a Lutheran. He himself, as often
happens, finding his chief strength in the faith of
his maternal ancestor, became a conscientious
Lutheran, and was for long years preceding his
death a member of St. Paul's Church of that
denomination in this city.

Coming to America in 1842, he directly made
his way to Chicago, and the following year con-
summated a real-estate transaction which will
suffice to keep his offspring in comfortable cir-
cumstances for many years to come. It is hard
for one, looking at Chicago as it is to-day, to fully
realize the village (nothing more) which greeted
the eyes of those earlier comers; and thereby
hangs the circumstance which enabled those of
foresight, within the span of a single lifetime, to
become wealthy, by the simple method of holding



37 2



JOHN NAPER.



to a moderate piece of land. In the spring of
1843 Mr. Naper bought, for the very small price
of $200, two-thirds of the block of real estate
now in the center of activity upon the North
Side, and within three squares of the great New-
berry Library. It is situated between Rush and
State Streets, and Walton and Delaware Places,
but at that time was without highways, even
without survey, being a portion of the old Canal
Lands. This right he acquired from a Norwegian
named Johnson, who had it direct from the Gov-
ernment. Mr. Naper held it to the time of his
death, when it was peaceably subdivided among
his large family. A small part of it, at the south-
west corner of Rush Street and Walton Place, is
now occupied by that magnificent family hotel,
The Majestic.

On this block, on the Rush Street side, in the
'403 there was a district school, which at the end
of that decade was done away with, and aside
from a few still remaining building sites of choice
property, the ground is now entirely built over
with substantial residences.

Here Mr. Naper set up his humble home soon
after his arrival in America, and he clung to it
with all the tenacity of those home-loving people.
His first home was on Rush Street; thence he re-
moved to the Walton Place side, where he was
burnt out by the big fire of 1871, after which he
constructed at what is now No. 43 Delaware
Place a neat frame residence, where his widow and
some of his younger children at present reside.

In the earlier days there was less of class dis-
tinction, more of common -sense, in men's rela-
tions one with another; and so, although but a
market-gardener, being an honest man, he was
greeted with respect by many of our most famous
men, such as Judge Skinner, Cyrus H. McCor-
mick, J. Y. Scammon, John Kinzie, and others,
who have, like Mr. Naper, now passed to their
long home. Upon this block, Mr. Naper main-
tained a well-regulated, valuable market-garden,
and those whose tables were supplied from the
produce of his lands knew they were getting the
best and purest that careful husbandry could
raise. He was a quiet, peaceable, honest, indus-
trious citizen, of the sort of stuff that best befits



men who start in to build up a new country. A
stanch Republican in politics, he never sought
public life, though he left a son whose services
have been conspicuous in the city's annals.

For about two years prior to his death, he was
a quiet but excessive sufferer from that bodily
scourge, gastritis. Resigned to the will of his
Maker, he passed away on the 1 5th of October,
1882, and was interred in the family lot at Grace-
land, overlooking the lake whose sounds were
such music to him in life's struggles.

Mr. Naper was twice married; first, in 1843,
to Anna Stuven, who came from Schauley, Ger-
many (near the boundary of Holland) in that
year, with her parents. They had three children,
two of whom died in infancy, but Henry G. Na-
per, born September 30, 1848, lived to grow to
an honorable manhood, connected in various ca-
pacities with the city government since he became
seventeen years of age, having been Chief Permit
Clerk in the Water Department at the time he
was retired by Mayor Hopkins in 1894, after
which he took a trip to California. He married,
in 1876, Louise Deverman, of this city, by whom
he has four children: Herbert J. (now in the
senior class of the Chicago Manual Training
School), George H., May A. A. and Erwin G.

Mr. Naper, Sr., married for his second wife
Miss Augusta Catherine Dorothea Hufmeyer, a
daughter of John Adam and Gertrude (Gang)
Hufmeyer. She was born near Osnabruck, Han-
over, and came to America with her parents when
a little girl of only three years of age, first to Syr-
acuse, but shortly to their future home, Chicago,
where she was educated, and married to the sub-
ject of this sketch on the 6th of March, 1850.
Nine children blessed their happy wedded life, all
but one of whom lived to be a comfort to their
parents. John Adam was born June 7, 1851,
became a bookbinder by trade, and has consider-
able real-estate interests; he married Frederica
Abel, July 4, 1889, by whom he has a pretty
daughter, Mabel. Herman, born October i, 1853,
is yet a single man, and for long years has worked
for ' 'Uncle Sam' ' as letter carrier. Helen M. , born
April i, 1856, married, October 19, 1886, Frank
L- Smith, of this city, where he is employed as a



G. W. SPOFFORD.



373



soliciting agent, having been for a time Govern-
ment Storekeeper in early days. Mary L. was
the next: Lizzie J., born July 17, 1861, married,
March 29, 1887, Charles E. Barmm, Ph. D.,
M. D., Professor of Chemistry, Toxicology and
Urinalysis of the American Medical College, of In-
dinapolis, Indiana. Louise W. died single, after
she had grown to the flower of womanhood. Ed-
ward J., born June 17, 1867, married, April 14,
1892, Anna M. Horn, of this city; he is a book-



keeper by occupation. Amelia B. is the youngest
child.

On an opposite page will be seen the honest,
kindly face of Mr. Naper, which will be viewed
with a proud satisfaction by his descendants for
many generations to come, as they turn to this
dignified source of information to learn how their
first parents in America made the beginning of
future prosperity to unborn hundreds.



GEORGE W. SPOFFORD.



IEORGE WASHINGTON SPOFFORD, a

well-known citizen of Chicago, was born in
Peterborough, New Hampshire, August 9,
1831. He is a son of Ira and Miriam (Atwood)
Spofford. The first authentic record of the Spof-
ford family is found in the "Domesday Book,"
showing the allotment of lands in England to the
followers of William the Conqueror in 1066. By
that division this family was dispossessed of its
lands, which were given to the Earl of Percy.
Eleven generations of the family are traced in
England, and among its members were very many
prominent ecclesiastics, one of whom was Thomas
Spofford, Lord Archbishop of York. The family
coat-of-arms is still preserved, bearing the motto,
"Rather deathe than false of fay the." Spofford
Castle, in Yorkshire, is said to be the best pre-
served ruin in England. The earlier generations
were devout Catholics, but in 1554 Rev. Bryan
Spofford, a contemporary of the Earl of Canter-
bury, having married, refused to put away his
wife and children in accordance with the edict of
the church, and became a Protestant.

The first American ancestor was Rev. John
Spofford, son of an Episcopalian minister, who
came from Spofford, Yorkshire, and settled at
Georgetown, Massachusetts, in 1634. The subject
of this notice represents the eighth generation in
America. His grandfather, Amos Spofford, served
three years in the Continental army, entering
the service at the age of fourteen years as a sub-



stitute for his father, who was drafted. When the
family received notice of this conscription, a sheep
was hastily shorn, and from the fleece his mother
spun and wove cloth to equip him for this duty.

Ira Spofford, who was a stone-cutter and con-
tractor, lived and died at Peterborough. While
but a lad, he also entered the military service of
his country, which was then engaged in the War
of 1812. He was a relative of General McNeal,
a prominent officer of that conflict, who afterward
became Governor of Arkansas. Ira Spofford was
a man of resolute character and stern convictions.
In common with many of his relatives who re-
sided in the South, he gave unswerving allegi-
ance to the Democratic party, and could tolerate
no deviation from its doctrines in his family.
The names of Ira Spofford's children were Will-
iam, Nancy (who was successively married to
John Challis, Thomas Upton and Joseph Knowl-
ton), Ira A., Nathan H., Miriam A. (Mrs. F.
Farwell), George W., John L-, Elizabeth (Mrs.
Joseph Alexander), and twin brothers, Albert
and Alvah. Of this family but three now survive.

Mrs. Miriam Spofford's father, Jeremiah At-
wood, served for seven years in the Continental
army, enlisting from Chester, Vermont. During
this time he had no furloughs, and was constantly
in the field. After the battle of Yorktown he was
honorably discharged from the service, and started
for his home on foot. There being no means of
public conveyance, most of the veterans were



374



G. W. SPOFFORD.



obliged to travel in this way, and were heartily
welcomed by the citizens whom they met along
the way, and who were pleased to extend to them
their best hospitality and hear the news from the
seat of war. Among that number was Mr. At-
wood'swife, whose maiden name was Bacon. All
the returning soldiers who passed her door were
kindly entertained, and when Mr. Atwood ar-
rived, footsore and weary from his journey of
several weeks, she failed to recognize him, but
gave him the same kind and hearty welcome, at
once providing him with a bountiful dinner, but
was considerably surprised to find that he did
not resume his journey after the repast. Her
joy on discovering his identity can easily be
imagined.

At the age of thirteen years, George W. Spof-
ford left home and went to Boston in search of
employment. He subsequently spent four years
at Phillips Academy, Exeter, New Hampshire,
with a view to entering Harvard University, and -
completed the freshman year at Exeter. He
abandoned this purpose on account of failing eye-
sight, and began the study of law in the office of
Hon. Edward S. Cutler, of Peterborough, New
Hampshire. This pursuit also proved too trying
for his eyes, and, coming to Chicago in 1856, he
accepted the position of Principal of the Foster
School.

He acceptably carried this trying responsibility
for fourteen years, retiring in 1871. Since that
date he has devoted his attention chiefly to the
management of his extensive real-estate interests.
He had just completed a fine building at the
southeast corner of Clark and Madison Streets
when the fearful holocaust of 1871 swept over
the city, annihilating the structure and causing a
loss which at that time was a serious one. He
recovered no insurance, but immediately built
with borrowed capital the structure which now
adorns that site. He has since erected a number
of business blocks in the city, and is the present
owner of considerable choice city and suburban
property. Among these parcels is a fine farm
near Wheaton, Illinois, dotted with several nat-
ural groves and pretty little lakes.

For four years Mr. Spofford served as County



Commissioner, during which time he was Chair-
man of the committee in charge of the county in-
stitutions at Dunning. For some years past he
has spent his winters in the South, where he has
a number of relatives who are prominent public
citizens, and has acquired an extensive acquaint-
ance throughout that section of the Union. In
the interests of the management of the World's
Columbian Exposition at Chicago, he visited
several Southern cities and secured their endorse-
ment of this undertaking.

In* 1859 Mr. Spofford was married to Miss
Hannah M. Morrison, daughter of Orsemus Mor-
rison, a well-known pioneer of Chicago, whose
biography will be found on another page of this
volume. Mrs. Spofford was born at the corner
of Clark and Madison Streets, and has become
the mother of five children, three of whem passed
away in childhood. The others are Percy and
Florence M., the latter a graduate of Ogontz
Seminary, near Philadelphia. Mr. and Mrs.
Spofford are leading members of the Seventh
Presbyterian Church of Chicago, and move in the
best social circles. Mr. Spofford is identified
with the Menoken and Ashland Clubs, and is
prominent in the Masonic fraternity, being a
member of National Lodge, York Chapter, St.
Bernard Commandery and the Mystic Shrine.
Having been reared in the atmosphere of Dem-
ocracy, he cast his first Presidential vote for
James Buchanan, but, upon the opening of the
Civil War, he became a stanch Republican, al-
though he incurred the displeasure amounting
almost to enmity of his father and most of his
family by so doing.

When Mr. Spofford first came to Chicago the
ground now composing Garfield Park, opposite
his present residence, was worth but $9 per acre,
and the present value of many other portions of
the city real estate was proportionally unforeseen.
He has seen Chicago successively become the ri-
val of Milwaukee, Detroit, Cincinnati, St. Louis
and New York. He is one of its most loyal
citizens, considering it one of the most auspicious
fields of investment in the Union, with nearly
every part of which he is familiar.



LIBRARY
OF THE
UNIVERSITY OF ILLIN'



ELLIOTT ANTHONY.



375



ELLIOTT ANTHONY, LL. D.



ANTHONY, LL. D. In the ca-
1^ reer of Judge Anthony, who for twelve years
I honored the Bench of Chicago, the ambitious
attorney may read the way to honor and success.
He was born in Spafford, Onondaga County,
N. Y., June 10, 1827, and is descended from
Quaker ancestors, who early located in New Eng-
land. Many of the members of the family ac-
quitted themselves with credit as soldiers and
officers of the Continental army. It was early in
the seventeenth century that Judge Anthony's
progenitor located in Rhode Island, whence his
grandfather moved soon after the Revolution to
Washington County, N. Y. Almost at the same
time, his maternal grandfather went from Ver-
mont to the same locality. Isaac Anthony, father
of the subject of this biography, was born on
Rhode Island, eight miles from the island of New-
port, and early imbibed the hatred of British ag-
gression which had been handed down by his
father, on account of the abuses heaped upon him
and others at the time the English and Hessian
forces occupied Rhode Island during the Revolu-
tion. While residing in Cambridge, Washington
County, N. Y., he met Miss Parmelia Phelps, a
scion of an old New England family, and their
acquaintance led to mutual affection and marriage.
Isaac Anthony's mother was a member of the
noted Chase family, which has given to the
United States a famous Chief Justice. Shortly
before the birth of Elliott, he moved to the south-
western part of Onondaga County, where he en-
tered upon the work of clearing a farm. With
such energy did he carry out this undertaking
that he came to be the foremost and most success-
ful farmer of all that region.
Elliott is the youngest of four sons in a family



including the same number of daughters, and all
in turn were sent to the Cortlandt Academy, at
Homer, the leading educational institution of
western New York, to finish their education.
Here the future judge prepared for college under
Prof. Samuel B. Woolworth, a famous educator
of his time. At the end of two years' study here,
in the fall of 1847, he entered- the Sophomore
class of Hamilton College, at Clinton, N. Y.,
from which he was graduated with high honors in
1850. He then became a resident graduate, and
took a special course in law and political economy
with Prof. Theodore W. Dwight, who afterward
became so highly distinguished as Dean of the
Columbia College Law School in the city of New
York. With his accustomed vigor and earnest-
ness, young Anthony followed his studies and
was admitted to the Bar at Oswego on the 7th of
May, 1851. While pursuing his law course in
company with a classmate, Joseph D. Hubbard,
he took charge of the well-known Kirkland Acad-
emy at Clinton, and had for one of his pupils
Grover Cleveland, now President of the United
States.

Being possessed of the same pioneer spirit which
led his grandfather and father to settle new re-
gions, he resolved to begin practice in the new
West, and proceeded to Sterling, Whiteside Coun-
ty, 111., soon after his admission to the Bar. Re-
turning East in June, 1852, he was married to
Mary Dwight, the sister of his preceptor, and in
the fall of 1852 he became a resident of Chicago,
which city has been his home ever since. None
have been more active in the development of the
city and State than he, and in both he takes an
honest pride. Chicago, as well as Illinois, was
fortunate in the beginning, in the fact that the



376



EIJJOTT ANTHONY.



pioneers were of good blood, the blood which has
developed the best of the entire Northwest and
West. Wherever the New England blood pre-
dominates, churches, schoolhouses, manufactories
and highways of commerce have appeared simul-
taneously and systematically. With a determina-
tion to succeed in his chosen profession, Mr.
Anthony began practice among the fifty lawyers
who constituted the Bar of Chicago at his com-
ing. Throughout his long and busy career, he
has been a diligent worker, and in less than three
years after coming here he was recognized as a
leading attorney of the young city, and his rise
was quite as rapid as his ambition had dared to
hope. He foresaw the rise of a great city, sur-
rounded by a tributary country of almost bound-
less resources, and became identified with many
enterprises and projects for their mutual advan-
tage and growth. "If a general diffusion of
learning, science and the arts at this time is de-
sirable," said he, "then the Mississippi Valley
is the chosen spot for their cultivation. The
generations are increasing, and the career of duty
and usefulness which is to be seen by our chil-
dren will be under constantly increasing excite-
ment, and the voice which in the morning of life
shall awaken a large and patriotic sympathy, will
be echoed back by a community vastly swelled in
its proportions before that voice shall be hushed
in death."

When he arrived in Chicago, the young law-
yer had no acquaintance, no influential friends to
push his claims to attention, and no capital save
individual ability and merit, which won him rec-
ognition. During his first year's residence in
Chicago, he compiled, with the aid of his devoted
wife, ' 'A Digest of the Illinois Reports, ' ' which
was soon after published and received with great
favor by the profession throughout the State. In
1858 he was elected City Attorney for Chicago,
and distinguished his administration of that re-
sponsible office by the energy and ability with
which he conducted the legal business of the city.
He became an expert upon all subjects of mu-
nicipal corporation law, and was for several years
specially retained by the city authorities to con-
duct many important cases in the local courts, in



the Supreme Court of the State, and in the United
States Supreme Court at Washington. While
acting for the city he established several new and
interesting law points, among which was that the
collection of special assessments could not be en-
joined by a Court of Chancery; next, that the
city of Chicago could not be garnisheed to collect
the salary or wages of any of its officers or em-
ployes; and lastly, that no execution could issue
against the city to collect a judgment; and at a
later period, that the city could not tie up its leg-
islative powers by making contracts with the gas
companies for the supply of gas, so as to interfere
with its legislative prerogatives. These positions
were at the time so novel that they were for a
time gravely doubted by the most eminent mem-
bers of the legal profession, and many of the
newspapers subjected him to the severest ridicule;
but he was upheld by the highest tribunal in the
State on every point, and they are now fixed and
settled as the law of the State.

In 1863 he was appointed the General Attorney
and Solicitor of the Galena Union Railroad Com-
pany and all its branches, then the leading rail-
road corporation in the Northwest, and for many
years held that position, until, in fact, the con-
solidation of that company with the Chicago &
Northwestern Railway Company was effected. A
contest arose over this consolidation, and he was
shortly after retained by a number of the bond-
holders and non-consenting stockholders to test
the validity of the consolidation, and in con-
nection with that case prepared and printed
a most remarkable argument upon the law of
the case, which grew into a treatise, which
he entitled, ' 'The Law Pertaining to the Consoli-
dation of Railroads," which is unquestionably
the most complete and exhaustive treatise upon
that subject ever made. It is a marvel of legal
research and of acute reasoning, and is a most
learned and clear statement of the rights and
duties of directors of corporations and the rights
of minority stockholders, and called forth the
admiration of corporation lawyers throughout the
country. The late Samuel J. Tilden was directly
interested in the questions involved, as well as
many of the leading capitalists and railway mag-



ELLIOTT ANTHONY.



377



nates in New York, and the array of legal talent
was formidable, the late Judge Beckwith leading
the opposition to Judge Anthony. The case was
tried in chancery before Judge David Davis, of
the United States Supreme Court, and the late
Samuel J. Treat, United States District Judge for
the Southern District of this State, and Mr. An-
thony's position was sustained in almost every
particular. The differences of stockholders were
shortly settled out of court, however, thus avoid-
ing a legal decision, which could not fail to favor
Judge Anthony's clients. At this time Mr.
Anthony received numerous letters from some of
the most distinguished lawyers and judges in this



Online LibraryJohn MorleyAlbum of genealogy and biography, Cook County, Illinois : with portraits (Volume 1900) → online text (page 57 of 111)