John Murray Graham.

Annals and correspondence of the viscount and the first and second earls of Stair; (Volume 1) online

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France. . . .

The Same to the Same.

WHITEHALL, Afarch 8, 1716.

I have received your lordship's letters of the 25th and
28th inst, which have been laid before the king, who will
be very glad if the good words given to your lordship
by the regent are attended with suitable deeds, and that
you get a satisfactory answer to the memorial which we
presume you have presented in pursuance of the directions
sent you in my letter of the iQth. Your lordship is not
ignorant that France is stirring heaven and earth to prevent
the Dutch from joining with the king in a defensive alliance
with the emperor. M. d'Iberville, who has not thought fit
to say one word himself to any of the king's ministers, has
received orders to authorise M. Duyvenvorde, the Dutch
ambassador here, to offer a defensive alliance betwixt
France, the King, and the States. M. Duyvenvorde, who
your lordship knows to be naturally pretty sanguine, is
very fond of being employed in this negotiation. M. de
Monteleon, the Spanish ambassador, hath likewise been
commissioned to make the same proposition to me. My
answer to him has been very plain and short, that France
having during the whole course of our rebellion here ex-
pressed by their whole conduct so much ill-will to the king,
it seemed very necessary they should give us some real
proofs of a friendly disposition before the king could think
of entering into new engagements, especially since the
regent well knew that his Majesty had, both before the
King of France's death and at the beginning of the regency,



SECOND EARL OF STAIR CHAPTER VIII. 395

given all the demonstrations possible of a sincere desire to
live in strict friendship with the regent. What returns his
Majesty has met with I submitted to the Marquis of Monte-
leon, who did, at least in words, agree with me in general
that it was necessary France should give public demonstra-
tion of their resolution no way to support or countenance
the Pretender. With M. Duyvenvorde it has been neces-
sary to speak more in detail, lest an ill use should be made
in Holland of the suggestions which the French emissaries
will not fail to insinuate, as if England upon no terms
would live peaceably with France. After a long deduction,
therefore, of all the facts which demonstrably prove the
regent's ill intentions towards us during the course of this
rebellion, M. Duyvenvorde has been told that his Majesty
nevertheless is not only willing, but even desirous, to settle
such a good correspondence between France, England, and
the States, as may contribute to the peace of all Europe ;
that he was very well pleased these overtures had been
made to M. Duyvenvorde, whose penetration would easily
make him discover in the course of this negotiation whether
France was on a sudden become sincerely a friend to the
Protestant succession, or whether, by specious artifices, she
meant to lull both the Dutch and us into such an opinion
of security as should make us neglect and slight our old
friendships and alliances. It has been, therefore, laid down
to him as a fundamental maxim in the king's opinion that
no scheme of an alliance with France or for a neutrality of
the Netherlands, should divert England and Holland from
concluding a defensive alliance and a mutual guarantee
with the emperor ; that afterwards, if France shall confirm
by their behaviour a sincere intention to live well with the
king, his Majesty would most readily join in concert with
the States to make an alliance for that purpose ; that con-
sidering the rebellion which had so lately been carried on
and fomented by France, and which is not yet quite extin-
guished, his Majesty did judge it absolutely necessary for
the peace of his kingdom that the Pretender should be sent



396 THE STAIR ANNALS APPENDIX.

beyond the Alps ; that the chief rebels should not be
suffered to stay in France ; that since the foundation upon
which France has expressed a desire to treat with England
and Holland, is to secure the peace of Europe by enforcing
the execution and the observation of the Treaty of Utrecht,
his Majesty judges it absolutely necessary that France
should perform on her part such articles of the said treaty
in which not only England, but Holland, are essentially
concerned ; such an article is that touching Dunkirk, touch-
ing which no satisfaction has ever yet been given. M.
Duyvenvorde remained fully convinced that it is absolutely
necessary France would declare her intentions explicitly on
these three heads to the king's satisfaction. Having thus
acquainted you with what has passed here, I am com-
manded to signify to your lordship his Majesty's pleasure
that you speak the same language there whenever occasion
shall be given by the regent or any of the French ministers
applying to your lordship ; for since M. d'Iberville has
not thought fit to utter one syllable on this subject to any
of the king's servants here, his Majesty does not think fit
that you should begin to discourse with them. Your lord-
ship having in two of your late letters mentioned it as a
thing likely that the Duke d'Aumont should be destined to
this court, his Majesty commands you to use all the address
you are master of to divert this resolution ; and if you
should find it absolutely necessary, you are authorised even
to express to the regent himself that it will appear a very
odd symptom of his disclaiming the Pretender's interest, if
he shall send hither as ambassador a man so notoriously
known to have abetted, espoused, and promoted that inte-
rest. . . . We cannot tell what judgment to make here
of late* Lord Bolingbroke's situation, but one has heard that
the Jacobites have been a good deal alarmed at the reports
of his disgrace, and expressed a good deal of apprehension
lest he should return hither and tell all. Your lordship is

* In the original, " my " is scored before the word Lord, and " late " inserted
having reference to the Act of Attainder passed against Lord Jiolingbroke.



SECOND EARL OF STAIR CHAPTER VIII. 397

best able to judge what temper of mind he may be in, and
if he be in the disposition that some imagine, your lord-
ship cannot do better service to the king than by finding
ways to improve it. The king depends so much upon
your address in this business that he authorises you to
give all suitable hope and encouragement, if you shall see
occasion.

The Same to the Same.

WHITEHALL, April 16, 1716.

I shall begin this despatch, which is forwarded to your
Excellency by a messenger, by telling you that though
his Majesty is entirely well disposed to gratify you in
any reasonable request, yet his Majesty does not think it
for his service that you should leave that court even for
the smallest time, as you have desired in your last letters,
his Majesty being apprehensive that this may give that
court a handle to complain, as if his Majesty was not so
forward to adjust matters with them as he pretends, and
that your absence was a delay thrown on purpose in the
way ; so your Excellency must have a little patience and
wait for a better opportunity. His Majesty observes with
very great satisfaction the advances made by that court
towards a negotiation, in which if they are as sincere as
they profess, his Majesty cannot but think they will readily
agree to such just demands as you have made, and which
are so absolutely necessary to pave the way to a good
understanding between the two courts, and to convince his
Majesty that the regent is sincere in his desire of it ; and
therefore, in place of all other instructions which your Ex-
cellency desires, I am, by his Majesty's orders, to tell you
that you are to insist that, previously to any negotiation, his
Majesty have full satisfaction in the three points you have
already mentioned viz., (i) the article of Dunkirk, (2) the
sending the Pretender into Italy, and (3) refusing to allow
his Majesty's traitorous and rebellious subjects to stay in
France.



3Q8 THE STAIR ANNALS APPENDIX.

(P. S.A utograph.)

The new commission given to the Duke of Berwick in
a province so near to Avignon and so commodious for an
embarkation, must certainly administer new jealousy to the
king and fresh hopes to the Jacobites. It is therefore more
necessary than ever to insist in the strongest manner upon
the Pretender removing beyond the Alps. His Majesty
hath peremptorily declared to the States - General that
without that previous step be made, he cannot nor ever
will hearken to any overtures of a negotiation with France.
If the French are sincere in what they propose, it is incum-
bent upon them who sent the Pretender to Avignon to find
the means of removing him from thence, and 'tis of conse-
quence to his Majesty that his royal Highness should put
his Majesty out of suspense in this matter as soon as pos-
sible, since his behaviour as to this particular must be the
rule by which his Majesty is to govern himself. We hear
Prince Vaudemont is lately come to Paris, and I doubt
not but that your lordship with your usual sagacity will
observe his business, which may very probably be to nego-
tiate for the Pretender.



Letters, Colonel the Hon. Charles Cat heart to the
Earl of Stair.

LONDON, August i, 1716.

I have been at Hampton Court in waiting this last week,
and had not the convenience for writing to your lordship
these two last posts. I shall be so much in the country
after this that I cannot promise your lordship so frequent
a correspondence as when I was settled in town. But I
shall omit no occasion of acquainting your lordship with
everything extraordinary that shall happen. The prince
[of Wales] continues his ways for gaining the affections of
the people.* Their royal Highnesses dine every day in

* The king was at this time in Hanover.



SECOND EARL OF STAIR CHAPTER VIII. 399

public ; the commonality is admitted to see them, and their
royal Highnesses look on them so graciously that it has a
wonderful good effect in removing the bad impressions our
Jacobites and wicked clergy have given the people of the
royal family. The prince is most assiduous in business ; he
makes everything pass through the proper channels. I
heard him say the rule of his government should be the
glory of the king and the good of the people ; yet for all
this I am grieved to hear the Ministry is so far dissatis-
fied that they have wrote in the pressingest manner to
the king to return. The reason I heard given for their
discontent was about the supplying of some vacancy in the
Church. . . . When the prince is angry with anybody,
it appears immediately in his way of receiving them ; he
cannot disguise it. Earl Sunderland is sometimes in pri-
vate with him ; I am sorry to perceive he receives that
honest man coolly. . . . The king has left no allowance
for a Green clotli at Hampton Court ; his servants have
taken up so much of the house for themselves that the
prince is very much put to it for his. Grubb and Bugg,
and the rest of these great officers, who ought to live at
court and keep tables for the entertainment of people that
come there, especially now their master allows no green
cloth, are all gone down to their country seats. The prince
does not seem to take the least notice of all this, but shows
the greatest deference in the world to everything his Majesty
has done. The Duke of Maryborough recovers wonderfully
at the Bath ; he rides out every day. This, I hope, will
disappoint Mr Stanhope for some time. I heard from good
hands, he has in his head much to be at the head of the
army. .

HAMPTON COURT, September 21, 1716.

We are in great joy here at present from the good news
we had yesterday morning in the letters from France of the
raising of the siege of Corfu, and for what I think is of the
greatest consequence to this nation, the demolition of Mar-



400 THE STAIR ANNALS APPENDIX.

dyke, vthich was settled yesterday. Your friend M. d'lber-
ville had a long audience. My master [the Prince of Wales]
made him a very good countenance. I give your lordship
joy with all my heart of the success of your good endeav-
ours. I think we may now look for a little quiet and some
leisure to look after the payment of our debts. We want
nothing now towards making us happy but a few more
people of your way of thinking, that would disinterestedly
set about healing the differences amongst the king's friends.
For all that's said of matters being made up there, it has
not to me the air of continuance. Of all the general officers
that were sent down some time ago to review the troops,
Lord Cobham and Evans only have been here to make
their report. The others contented themselves with making
theirs at the Bath. Poor Saltoun is dead, and I do not
know if he died in peace with your lordship. He was
pleased with your civility in bringing him his pass. But
when he considered it and found himself designed
" Seigneur Anglois," it brought the Union into his remem-
brance and all those who had a hand in the making of it.
.He complained to several of his friends of that appellation
as a very great affront to him.*

LONDON, November 5, 1716.

I have delayed writing of this so long that I have but
just time not to lose the post. I was in hopes of being able
to give you the joyful news of the arrival of a young prince.
Her royal Highness was taken ill with her pains at six
o'clock last night. The anniversary of K. William's birth-
day made us wish with impatience to see the royal family
strengthened upon that happy day. ... It was com-
plained of this morning that she listened more to her
German midwife's advice than to Sir David Hamilton's.
She is not thought to be in any danger, but the prince's
good heart shows itself in a prodigious concern for her.

* Lord Saltoun's feeling of indignation at being designed " Seigneur Anglois "
is given expression to in a short poem in Hogg's Jacobite Relics, ii. 432.



SECOND EARL OF STAIR CHAPTER VIII. 401

The archbishop and the chancellor have been at court for
the most part since the princess was taken ill, and the
prince has slept none at all scarce. I have this minute re-
ceived your lordship's of the 7th, and offer you my hearty
thanks for recommending me to Mr Methuen. There are
few of our great folks I should wish to be so well with as
with h-im, and that's more for his merits' sake than his in-
terest as yet.

Letter George, Prince of Wales, to the Regent Orleans.

ST JAMES'S, ^December 22, 1716.

MON FRERE, Je suis fort sensible de la lettre obligeante
que vous venez de m'ecrire, et de la part que vous prenez en
tout ce qui regarde la prosperite et 1'aggrandissement de
notre maison. Je suis entierement persuade que les liens
de la nouvelle amitie commencee entre 1'Angleterre et la
France deviendront de jour en jour plus forts, et vous
pouvez etre assure que je ne manquerai aucune occasion
pour vous marquer avec combien de sincerite je suis, &c.

GEORGE P.

Letter Col. the Hon. Charles Cathcart to the Earl of Stair.

CATHCART, January 22, 1717.

It is with no small satisfaction I can now acquaint you,
my dear lord, that James Campbell * and I have adjusted
matters in that friendly manner was to be expected from us,
and the deference both of us justly owe to your lordship's
decision. I am to give him the 4000 he gave General
Stewart for his regiment of foot, and he is gone up to
manage the purchase of the Greys with Lord Portmore.

* The Hon. Sir James Campbell, of Lawers, third son of the second Earl of
Loudoun, and brother-in-law of Lord Stair, obtained the colonelcy of the Royal
Scots Greys in February 1717, by purchase from Lord Portmore. Of the same
date Lieut. -Col. Cathcart obtained the colonelcy of the 9th regiment of foot,
having been previously lieut.-colonel of the Greys. Douglas's Peerage, by
Wood. Sir James Campbell retained the command of the Scots Greys till his
death at the battle of Fontenoy.

VOL. I. 2 C



402 THE STAIR ANNALS APPENDIX.

Col. Campbell* has undertaken to make interest with Lord
Cadogan for me, that I may have leave to dispose of my
own post to the best advantage. If that's granted, I shall
have the regiment of foot for nothing ; the one will answer
the other. But I am much afraid of opposition from the
Duke of Roxburgh in that matter ; Col. Campbell having
sold his commission to me in the regiment for 3500, his
Grace will naturally ask the same favour for his cousin Sir
Robert Hay. Your lordship knows the knight's manner of
serving. I reckon you'll be of opinion he should pay well
for his preferment. James Campbell's transaction and
mine being a secret between ourselves, he is to insist upon
my having allowance to sell to the best advantage, to enable
me to give so great a price for the regiment of foot. And
what I have still further to advance in my favours is the
Duke of Marlborough's promise to the prince that I should
have the first regiment This was made upon Lord For-
ester's being preferred to Wills's regiment. I would fain
hope that this promise should at least procure me some
help from the Government towards my purchase, and I
must beg your lordship's good offices in this matter with
my Lord Cadogan, and his Grace of Roxburgh (Secretary
for Scotland) ; if he insists for his friend, to make everything
easy, I hope he'll come in to the other proposal for me. I
should be very glad this affair could be managed for me
without my going up. Many reasons engage me to desire
to make some stay here at this time. If your lordship
comes over, I reckon all difficulties will be removed, and
your lordship's advice shall determine me as to my
journey up.

I have laid the proposals I gave your lordship an account
of in my last before my parliament herc.~f They would be

* This was probably Colonel John Campbell, cousin of the Duke of Argyle,
who was Groom of the Chamber to the Prince of Wales ; Cathcart being also
in the prince's Household. Lord Hervcy's Memoirs, vol. i.

t The proposals here spoken of refer to Colonel Cathcart's intended mar-
riage to the only daughter and heiress of Sir John Shaw, of Greenock, which
took place in the following year.



SECOND EARL OF STAIR CHAPTER VIII. 403

very glad of a federal union ; they are by no means to be
brought into an incorporating one, where their name is to
be sunk. I hope your lordship will be of my mind that it
is not fit for me to make that step without their consent.
Lord and Lady Cathcart are most thankful for the kind
assurances you are pleased to give them of taking care of
their grandson [Whiteford] when it is in your power. He
is a very pretty young fellow, and has a very right turn to
our trade. If your lordship had a vacancy, he would
make a good cornet. They offer your lordship their
most humble services.



END OF FIRST VOLUME.



THUNTKD HY WI 1.1,1 AM BI.AIKWOUU A>.'1> SONS.



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Online LibraryJohn Murray GrahamAnnals and correspondence of the viscount and the first and second earls of Stair; (Volume 1) → online text (page 28 of 28)