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John Norton Pomeroy.

An introduction to municipal law : designed for general readers and for students in colleges and higher schools online

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Active tmsts, 508.

Actus Dei nomini/acit injuriam, 539.

Administrators, how appointed, 465, 466.

Administrators, powers and duties of, 466, 467.

Admiralty courts, 99-102.

Admiralty jurisdiction, 100, 101.

Admissions, 147.

Adoption, in Roman law, 317.

Adrogation, in Roman law, 334.

Agency, contract of, 527, 528.

Agency defined, 527.

Agency, general principles in reference to, 527.

Agency, how terminated, 528.

Agent, powers and liabilities of, 528.

Agnation in early Roman law, 305.

Aids, feudal, 267.

Alienation of lands as affected by the feudal system, 282-285.

Alienation of lands, suspension of power of, 510, 511.

Aliens, 419.

Allodial lands, transfer of, to feudal, 258.

Allodial ownership described, 252.

Alod, the Saxon, 227.

American Congress and legislatures, 34-38.

American constitutional conventions, 39.

American President, power of, over statutes, 44.

Anglo-Saxon laws and institutions, 214-241.

Annotations of Roman emperor, 41,

Arimani, 65.

Aristocratic period of Roman law, 297-314.

Arrest and imprisonment for debt, 375, 376.

Assemblies of the people as a source of statutes, 31-33.

Assemblies, judicial and administrative, among the Saxons, 234, 235.

Assent requisite in contracts, 577.

Assent requisite in marriage, 432-434.

Assumpsit, action of, 119.

B.

Bailee, care required of, 524, 525.

Bailment, contract of, 523-527.

Bailment defined, 523.

Bankruptcy and insolvency as methods of acquiring property, 489, 490.

Bankrupt laws in England, 489.

Bankrupt laws, power of Congress to pass, 490.

Baronial courts, 263.

Belief, religious, right of, 392, 393.



INDEX. 547

Benefices, feudal, described, 255, 256.

Beneficial estates, 505-509.

Beneficiary, rights of, 506.

Bill of Rights, 364.

Bills of exchange and promissory notes, 530-537.

Bills of exchange defined, 530.

Bills of exchange, origin and uses of, 530-532.

Bills of exchange, parties thereto, their rights and liabilities, 533-537.

Bills of exchange, presentment of, 534, 536.

Bishops in England, their ancient power over estates of intestates, 465.

Boc land, 229.

Body and limb, remedies for assaults upon, 369.

Body and limb, security of, 368, 369.

Boni homines, 65.

Bonijudicis est ampliarejurisdictioncmr539.

British constitution, 37.

British crown, power of, over statutes, 43, 44.

Burden of proof, 146.

Burgh, the Saxon, 231.

C.

Canons of inheritance in American law, 473-475,

Canons of inheritance in English law, 471-473.

Care, degrees of, required of a bailee, 524, 525.

Carriers, common, liabilities of, 526, 527.

Celts in Britain, 215.

Ceorls, among Saxons, 220.

Certainty in law, 196-201.

Certum est quod certum reddi potest, 542.

Cessante ratione legis, cessat ipsa lex, 639.

Cestui que use, rights of, 506.

Challenges to juries, 77, 78.

Chancellor, 95, 96, 134, 135.

Chattels defined, 457.

Chattels, real, 457.

Children, rights, duties, and liabilities of, 450, 451.

Christianity, its influence on law of Teutonic nations, 192-194.

Christianity, its influence on legal development, 190-194.

Christianity, its influence on Roman law, 191, 192.

Circumstantial evidence, 151-153.

Cities, maritime, of Middle Ages, 353, 354.

Citizens, by early R.oman law, 302.

Citizens of the several states, 423.

Citizens of the United States described, and their rights, 419-425.



548 INDEX.

Citizens, rights of, 423-425.

Citizens, who are, 419-423,

City, the, as a type of civilization, 32.

Civil actions in the courts of law, 113-125.

Code, the, 50.

Codes as a form of statutes, 47-56.

Codes, compared with law of judicial decision, 194-213.

Codes, general nature of, 47, 48.

Codes of France, 52-54.

Codes of Justinian, 49-52.

Codes of Louisiana, 54.

Codes of New York, 55, 56.

Codes of Roman XII Tables, 48, 49.

Codicils, 478.

Codicils by later Roman law, 329.

Commodatum, by later Roman law, 336.

Common carriers, 526, 527.

Common ownership in, 494, 512,

Common things by later Roman law, 318.

Community of goods between husband and wife in French law, 446-448.

Comprehensiveness as an element of legislation, 201, 202.

Compurgators in Saxon trials, 70-73.

Congress of United States, 34-38.

Congress of United States controlled by the constitution, 35.

Congress of United States, general powers of, 36.

Congress of United States has no power to enforce martial law, 411, 413.

Congress of United States, representatives in, how elected, 426.

Consanguinity, rules of, in Roman and English law compared, 332, 333.

Consideration of contracts, 517,

Consideration of contracts, classes of, 518,

Consideration of contracts, examples of, 518, 519,

Consideration of contracts, present, past, and future, 519, 520.

Constitution of Great Britain, 37,

Constitution of United States, provisions affecting personal rights, 364-366,

394-396,
Constitution of United States, provisions affecting personal rights, obliga-
tory on all departments of the government, 397, 399-402.
Constitutional conventions, 39,
Constitutions of Roman emperors, 40-42.
Constitutions, written and traditional, compared, 211, 212.
Consulaio del mare, 355.
Contents of deeds, 485.

Contracts, as a method of acquiring property, 481, 482.
Contracts, assent requisite in, 517.



INDEX. 549

Contracts, by early Roman law, 312, 313.

Contracts, by later Roman law, 335-341.

Contracts, by later Roman law, classes of, 335,

Contracts, chapter on, 513-537.

Contracts, definition and classes of, 481, 482, 514, 515.

Contracts, essentials of, 515.

Contracts founded on consent, in later Roman la,w, 338-341.

Contracts implied, in later Roman law, 341, 342.

Contracts in writing, in later Roman law, 338.

Contracts, joint, several, and joint and several, 516.

Contracts, marriage, 442.

Contracts, real, in early Roman law, 313.

Contracts, real, in later Roman law, 335, 336.

Contracts, subject-matter of, 520.

Contracts, verbal, in early Roman law, 313.

Contracts, verbal, in later Roman law, 337, 338.

Contracts, who may be parties to, 515, 516.

Conveyance of land by deed, 482-486.

Copyright, 463, 464.

Corporeal things, by later Roman law, 319.

Corpus juris civilis, 52.

County courts in England, 90.

Court of Common Pleas founded, 86.

Court of Exchequer founded, 85.

Court of Exchequer, jurisdiction of, 89.

Court of King's Bench, jurisdiction of, 88, 89.

Court, supreme, of the United States, 93, 94.

Courts, circuit, of the United States, 94.

Courts, district, of the United States, 94.

Courts, ecclesiastical, 98, 99.

Courts, general divisions of, 20-23.

Courts, local, of Saxons, 81, 82, 234.

Courts of admiralty, 99-102.

Courts of assize, 87, 88.

Courts of England and America, their legislative function, 176, 177, 178-

185.
Courts of England, changes made by Edward I., 87, 88.
Courts of England, changes made by Henry II., 85, 86.
Courts of England, changes made by John, 86.
Courts of England, changes made by William I,, 84, 85.
Courts of equity, 95-98.
Courts of equity in the United States, 97, 98.
Courts of law, 81-95.
Courts of law of the states, 91.



550 INDEX.

CJourts of law of the United States, 90-95.

Courts of probate, 99.

Courts, their effect in developing the law, 175, 185.

Covenant, action of, 116, 121.

Covenants in deeds, 486.

Crimes, their prevention and punishment among the Saxons, 237-240.

Criminal actions, 125-129.

Criminal actions in France, 128.

Criminal actions in Germany, 127.

Criminal evidence, importance and general character of its rules, 148, 149.

Criminal evidence, nature of facts to establish guilt, 150.

Criminal evidence of French codes, general principles of, 162, 163.

Criminal evidence of German codes, general principles of, 155-162.

Criminal evidence, presumption in favor of innocence, 149.

Criminal evidence, prisoner can not be examined or testify for himself, 154.

Criminal evidence, the corpus delicti, 150.

Criminal evidence, the guilty intent, 153, 154.

Criminal evidence, the physical connection of prisoner with the crime, 150-

153.
Cujua est solum ejus est ad caelum, 541.

D.

Damnum, in Roman law, 343.

Days of grace, 53C,

Debt, action of, 116, 121.

Debt, arrest and imprisonment for, 375, 376.

Debtor, succession to property of, in later Koman law, 334.

Decrees of Roman emperor, 41.

Deed, conveyance of lands by, 482-486,

Deed, defined, 482.

Deed, essentials of, 483, 484.

Deed, what property may be con^'eyed by, 483.

Deed, who may make a, 483.

Deeds, acknowledgment of, 484.

Deeds, contents of, 485, 486.

Deeds, recording of, 484, 485.

Degrees among next of kin, 465, 466, 468.

Degrees of consangiiinity by later Roman law, 332, 333.

Delicts, in early Roman law, 314.

Delicts, in later Roman law, 342-344.

Delivery of a deed, 484.

Delivery of things sold, 521, 522.

Depositum, by later Roman law, 336.

Depositum, contract of, 524.

Descent of property in things real, defined, 468, 469.



INDEX. 551

Descent, rules of, at common law; their feudal origin and character, 469-471.

Descent, rulcH of, at common law, 471-473.

Descent, rules of, in American law, 473-475.

Detinue, action of, 117.

Development common to all legal systems, 168, 199.

Development, legal, cflfected by means of statutes and judicial decisions, 170.

Devise defined, 476.

Digest, the, 51.

Direct evidence, description of, 143.

Disabilities to a marriage, 431.

Discharge of obligations, by later Roman law, 342.

Dissolution of partnership, 530.

Distribution of personal property of an intestate, 467, 468.

District courts of United States, 94.

Division of lloman lands among barbarian invaders, 347.

Divisions, numerical and territorial, among Saxons, 230-232.

Divorce, 43.5-437.

Divorce, by later lloman law, 316.

Docketing of judgment, 488.

Domestic relations, the, 429-454.

Domestic relations, by early Roman law, 302-305.

Domestic relations, by later Roman law, 316-3L8.

Domus sua cuique est tutissimum refugium, 541.

Donations, by later Roman law, 321.

Donations, cattsa mortis, 481.

Donations defined, 480.

Donations, inter vivos, 481.

Dotal marriages in France, 447, 448.

Dower, 440, 498.

Dower, how assigned, 499.

Dower, how barred, 499.

Dower, to what lands attaches, 498.

Drawer of bill of exchange, liabilities of, 534.

Drawer of bill of exchange, liabilities of, how fixed, 536, 637.

"Duo process of law," meaning of, 366, 367, 373.

E.

Ealdorman, the Saxon, 233.

Easements defined, 458.

Ecclesiastical courts, 98, 99.

Ecclesiastical courts, power over administrators, 465, 467.

Edicts of Roman emperor, 41.

Edicts of Roman praetors, 189, 190.

Ejectment, action of, 120.

Election of president and vice-president, 427, 428.



552 INDEX.

Election of representatives in Congress, 426.

Election of state officers, 428, 429.

Electors in the United States, 425-429.

Eminent domain, right of, 390, 391.

Emphyteusis, 339.

Endorsement, 523.

Endorsers of negotiable paper, liabilities of, 534, 535.

Endorsers of negotiable paper, liabilities of, how fixed, 536, 537.

English law composite in its character, 172.

Eorls, among Saxons, 220.

Equitable actions, 129-137.

Equitable jurisdiction, growth of, 129-131, 134, 135.

Equitable jurisdiction, examples of, 131-134.

Equitable rules respecting mortgages, 503-505.

Equity courts, 95-98.

Equity courts of United States, 97, 98.

Equity pleadings, 136, 137.

Escheats, feudal, 266, 267.

Escuage, 270, 271.

Estates, absolute, 495, 496.

Estates, classes of, 495.

Estates defined, 495.

Estates for life, 497-500.

Estates for life created by act of law, 497-500.

Estates for life created by act of parties, 497.

Estates for years, 500, 501.

Estates in expectancy, 509-511.

Estates in fee simple, 495, 496.

Estates in possession, 509.

Estates qualified, 497-505.

Evidence, criminal, importance and general character of its rules, 148, 149.

Evidence, criminal, intent of criminal, 153, 154.

Evidence, criminal, nature of facts necessary to establish guilt, 150.

Evidence, criminal, of French codes, 162, 163.

Evidence, criminal, of German codes, 155-162.

Evidence, criminal, physical connection of prisoner with the crime, 150-153.

Evidence, criminal, presumption in favor of innocence, 154.

Evidence, criminal, prisoner can not be examined nor testify, 154.

Evidence, criminal, the corptts delicti, 150.

Evidence, direct, description of, 143.

Evidence, forms of, oral and written, 141.

Evidence, general rules for introduction of, on trials, 145-148i.

Evidence in civil actions, 137-148.

Evidence in criminal actions, 148-164.



INDEX. 553

Evidence in judicial trials, 137-164.

Evidence, presumptive, 143.

Evidence, presumptive, presumptions of fact, 143, 144.

Evidence, presumptive, presumptions of law, 144, 145.

Evidence, written, rules relating to, 141-143.

Exchequer, court of, its jurisdiction, 89.

Ex dolo malo non orihir actio, 543.

Execution of a deed, 483, 484.

Execution of judgment, against chattels, 488.

Execution of judgment, against lands, 488, 489.

Execution of wills, 477, 478.

Executor, duties and powers of, 479.

Executor, how appointed, 479.

Ex nudo pacto non oritur actio, 544.

Expectancy, estates in, 509-511.

Express contracts, 514.

Expressio unius est exclusio alterius, 542.

F.

Falsordemonstratio non nocet, 542.

Family, ancient Roman, general description of, 306, 307.

Fealty, oath of, 259.

Federal courts, jurisdiction of, 92.

Fee simple, estate in, 495, 496.

Pee simple, estate in, qualified, 496.

Feud, the Saxon, 238, 239.

Feudalism, general character of, 242, 243.

Feudalism, general influence of, on modem law, 243, 244.

Feudalism, origin of, 244^252.

Feudal lord, right of, to administer justice, 263.

Feudal ownership defined, 253.

Feudal ownership of lands, origin of, 254.

Feudal relation of lord and vassal, 258, 261-264.

Feudal system, 242-295.

Feudal system, a moulding element in laws of modem Europe, 170.

Feudal system, causes for the decline of, 293-295.

Feudal system, its effects on landed property, 280.

Feudal system, its effects on lower orders of society, 290, 291.

Feudal system, its effects on nobility, 292.

Feudal system, some important effects on English and American law, 279-

290.
Feuds, improper, described, 265.
Feuds, proper, essential characteristics of, 260-266.
Fidei comminsa, 112, 238, 239.
Fiefs described, 255, 25G.



5o4 INDEX,

Fiefs, how conferred, 259, 260.

Fines upon alienation, feudal, 268.

Fixtures, 4.18, 459.

Flexibility as a characteristic of legislation, 203-205.

Folk courts among Germans, 63-66.

Folk courts among Saxons, 66, 67.

Folk land, 229.

Foreclosure of mortfjages, 504.

Forfeiture as a method of acquiring property, 487.

Forfeiture, constitutional provisions respecting, 487.

Forms of action, ancient, 116.

Forms of action, necessity for new, 117.

Forms of action, new, invented by judges, 118-121.

Forms of action, recent changes in the United States, 121.

Forms of action, when introduced in England, 115.

Forms of marriage, 433.

Formulas, Roman, 107, 108.

i'rank pledge, the collective among Saxons, 236,

Frank pledge, the personal among Saxons, 235.

Fraud in sales, 523.

Freedmen, by early Roman law, 301.

Freemen, among German tribes, 65.

Freemen, among Saxons, 219-222.

Freemen, by early Roman law, 301.

Free socage tenure, 273-275.

French codes, 52-54.

French criminal actions, 128.

French criminal evidence, 162, 163.

French law of marriage, 445-449.

Furtum, 343.

G.

General council of Saxons, 83, 84.

General verdict, 164, 165.

Gerefa, the Saxon, 233.

German criminal actions, 128.

German criminal evidence, 155-162.

German folk courts, G3-66.

Germanic invasions, 216, 217, 245.

Gifts, 480.

Gifts, causa mortis, 481.

Gifts, inter vivos, 481.

Grace, days of, 536.

Grand jury, 125.

Guardian and ward, 452, 453,



INDEX. 555

Guardian, feudal, 452.

Guardian, how appointed, 452, 453.

Guardian, powers and duties of, 453.

a

Habeas corpus act, 363.

Habeas corpus, writ of, described, 378.

Habeas corpus, writ of, for what purposes used by state courts, 381, 382.

Habeas corpus, ^vrit of, for what purposes used by United States courts,
379, 380.

Habeas corpus, writ of, origin of, 378, 379.

Habeas corpus, writ of, suspension of an incident to war powers of govern-
ment, 404.

Habeas corpus, writ of, suspension of, effect of, 398, 399, 400, 401.

Habitation, in later Eoman law, 320.

Hanseatic towns, laws of, 356.

Hearsay evidence, 146, 147.

Heirs appointed by will, in later Koman law, 324, 326.

Heirs defined, 469.

Heirs of an Intestate by later Roman law, 330-333.

Heirs, substitution of, by later Roman law, 325.

Heirs, who are, at common law, 471-473.

Heirs, who are, by American law, 473-475.

Heirship, feudal origin of, the rules of, at common law, 469-471.

Hide, the Saxon, 227.

Hiring, by later Roman law, 339.

Hiring, contract of, 525-527.

Holder of negotiable paper, rights of, 535.

Homage, feudal, method of entering into, 259.

Hundred courts, 234.

Hundred, the Saxon, 231.

Husband and wife, 429-449.

Husband and wife, by later Roman law, 316.

Husband and wife can not be witnesses for each other at common law, 139.

Husband and wife, this rule changed by recent statutes, 139.

Husband and wife can not contract with each other at common law, 441.

Husl)and and wife, changes in rules concerning, made by equity, 441-443.

Husband and wife, character of common law rules concerning, 441.

Husband and wife, recent legislation in the United States, 443-445.

Husband and wife, rights, powers, and duties of, 437-445.

Husband, control of, over wife, 377.

Husband, personal rights, powers, and duties of, at common law, 438.

Husband, rights of, over wife's property at common law, 439, 440.



556 IKTDEX.



Ignoratio facto excusat; ignoratio legts non excusat, 540.

Immovables, 457, 458.

Implied contracts, 514.

Implied contracts, in later Roman law, 341, 342.

Imprisonment for debt, 375, 376.

Improper feuds described, 265.

In CBqualijure melior est conditio possidentis, 543.

Incorporeal things, in later Roman law, 319.

Incorporeal things, real, 458.

Increase, natural, property acquired by, 462.

Indictment, 125, 126.

Infants, powers and liabilities of, 451.

Inheritance, canons of, by common law, 471-473.

Inheritance, canons of, in American law, 473-475.

Inheritance, defined, 469.

Inheritance of lands, as affected by the feudal system, 285-290.

Inheritance, rules of, at common law; their feudal origin and character,

469-471.
Inheritance, rules of, in later Roman law, 330-333.
Inheritances among the Saxons, 229.
Injunctions, 132, 133.

Injure non remota causa sed proxima spectatur, 539.
Injuria, in later Roman law, 343.
Innkeepers, liabilities of, 526.
Insolvency as a method of acquiring property, 490.
Insolvent laws in United States, 490.
Institutes, the, 51.
Intent, guilty, of prisoner, 153, 154.
Interdicts, 112.

Interpi-etcUiones faciendcB sunt ut res magis valeat quam hereat, 542.
Intestacy, by early Roman law, 311.
Intestacy, defined, 464.

Intestacy, property in things personal acquired thereby, 464-468.
Intestacy, property in things real acquired thereby, 468-475.
Intestates, distribution of personal property of, 467, 468.
Intestates, heirs of, by later Roman law, 330-332.
Intestates, succession to estates of, by later Roman law, 329-333.
Inventions, property in, 463, 464.
Investiture, method of, 260.
Itinerant justices, when introduced, 85, 86.
Issue must be proved, 145, 146.



INDEX. 557



Joint and several contracts, 516.

Joint contracts, 516.

.Joint ownership in lands, 511.

Joint ownership in things personal, 494.

Judge's charge, 164.

Judgment anciently enforced only against chattels, 488.

Judgment and execution as a method of acquiring property, 487-489.

Judgment, effect of, on rights of parties, 166.

Judgment, how docketed, 488.

Judgment, how enforced, 166.

Judgment, how enforced against chattels, 488.

Judgment, how enforced against lands, 489.

Judgment, the, as a result of the decision of facta and law, 164-167.

Judices, Roman, functions of, 62.

Judicial decision, law of, a necessary form, 206-211.

Judicial procedure of Romans, 61-63.

Judiciary of England and United States, origin, history, and jurisdiction

of, 80-102.
Juries, organization of, in England and United States, 77, 78.
Jurisconsults, Roman, 187, 188.

Jurisdiction, extraordinary, of Roman magistrates, 63.
Jurisdiction of courts of equity; examples of, 131-134.
Jurisdiction of courts of equity, growth of, 129-131, 134, 135.
Jurisdiction, ordinary, of Roman magistrates, 61-63.
Jury trial, 5, 60-80.
Jury trial, essential elements of, 61.
Jury trial, general progress of, 69.
Jury trial, growing disposition to neglect, 79.
Jury trial, merits of, 78, 79.

Jury trial, modifications made from time to time, 75, 76.
Jury trial, unanimity of verdict, 78.
Jury trial, use of compurgators, 70-73.
Jury trial, use of recognitors, 73, 74.
Jury trial, why not developed on the continent, 68, 69.
Justinian, codes of, 49-52.

K.
King of England; his ancient power over estates of intestates, 465.
King of Great Britain; his power over statutes, 43, 44.
King, the Saxon, 232, 233.
Kings as sources of statutes, 39-44.
King's Bench, court of, its jurisdiction, 88, 89.
King's council of Saxons, 83.



558 INDEX-



L.



Labor, one's own, property acquired by, 462, 463.

Land, detined, 457.

Land held of superior lords among the Saxons, 228.

Landed property among the Saxons, 226-230.

Lands, alienation of, as affected by the feudal system, 282-285.

Lands, inheritance of, as affected by the feudal system, 285-290.

Lands, ownership of, as affected by the feudal system, 281, 282.

Lands, Roman, division of, among barbarian invaders, 347.

Lands, sale of, on execution, 489.

Law courts, 81-95.

Law courts of United States, 90-95.

Law merchant, general character of, 351, 352.

Law merchant of England and United States, what based on, 357.

Law of England and United States composite in its character, 172.

Law of judicial decision compared with statutes and codes, 194-213.

Law of judicial decision, general character of, 185, 186.

Law, the, a reflex of a nation's culture, 173-175.

Laws of Hanseatic towns, 356.

Laws of Oleron, 355, 356.

Laws of Wisbuy, 356.

Leases, 500, 501.

Legacies, by later Roman law, 327.

Legacies, payment of, 479.

Legacy, defined, 476.

Legal development, chapter on, 168-213.

Legal development common to all systems, 168, 169.

Legal development, how effected, 170.

Legal maxims, 538-544.

Legal procedure, 102-167.

Legal procedure of Romans, 104—113.

Leges, Roman, 33.

Leges posteriores priores contrarias abrogant, 539.

Legislative power of courts, 176, 177, 178-185.

Legislatures, state, general powers of, 36.

Letting and hiring, by later Roman law, 339.

Lex civilis of Romans, 106-109, 299, 300.

Lex non cogit ad hnpossibilia, 539,

Libel, definition of, 371.

Libel, punishment for, 371, 372.

Liberty, legal, described, 372-374.

Liberty, legal, how protected, 373.

Liberty, personal, limitations on the right of, 374—377, 393-419.

Liberty, personal, right of, 372-387.



INDEX. 559

Liberty, personal, right of, how enforced, 377-3S2.

Lien of judgments on lands, 488.

Life estates, 497-500.

Life estates created by act of law, 497-500.

Life estates created by act of parties, 497.

Life, right of, limitations on, 393-419.

Life, security of, 366-368.

Limitations on rights of life, liberty, and property, 393-419.

Limitations, statutes of, 461, 462.

Loan, contract of, 525.

Local courts of Saxons, 81, 82.

Locatio, or hiring, contract of, 525-527.

Lord and vassal, feudal relation of, 258, 261-264.

Lord, feudal, could not alien without consent of vassal, 263, 264.

Lord, feudal, right of, to administer justice, 263.

Louisiana codes, 54.

M.

Magna Charta, 360-363.

Maker of promissory note, liabilities of, 534.

Mancipation, 309.

Mancipium, 304.

Mandate, by later Eoman law, 341.

Mandate, contract of, 525.

Mandates of Roman emperor, 41.

Manor courts, 82, 263.

Manus, by early Roman law, 304.

Maritime cities of Middle Ages, 353, 354.

Maritimes codes of Middle Ages, 351-357.

Mark, the Saxon, 226, 227.

Marriage, by later Roman law, 316.

Marriage, consent of parties in, 432-434.

Marriage contracts, 442.

Marriage, defined, 430.

Marriage, disabilities for entering into, 431.

Marriage, feudal, 269.



Online LibraryJohn Norton PomeroyAn introduction to municipal law : designed for general readers and for students in colleges and higher schools → online text (page 49 of 50)