John Parkhurst.

An Hebrew and English lexicon, without points online

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made his footstool t|. Comp. Mat. xxviii.
18. I Cor. XV. 25. But,



TIA8,** says the truly learned and judicious Ft-
trmra, Comment, in If a. xi. 6, p. 331, coL 1,
ad en.

f ** Pari geitu, animo dutinoto/' snyt Gntiut,
So the olher Persian conipiraiors, nPOIERTNEOK
fMi AiKOHPv *ft2 BA2IAHA, fVortbi^td Darius rf*
Hngr kcr^iot. IlL 86.

I Bp. Nrwcomt, to whom the public it obliged for

what he modetUy ^titlM his Attsmtts towards

Aa 2 an

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5tfa!y, and lastly, As a sequel and confirma-
tion of the prereilin^ objertion, it may be
linked, that in Rev. v. 8, g^ the four am-
maUy as well as the four-and-twenty el-
ders, confess to tlje Lamb, saying, Tiiou
hast redeemed us to God by thi/ blood; but

* this can relate only to some members
of the Church of (to<1 /// this world. It
can refer only to MEN.— Now let us fur
a moment admit the validity of this ob-
jection, and see the consequences of it.
For if this be so, then I say that the /en/;
cherubic animals mentioned in the fourth
chapter, which are evidently the same as
those in the fifth, mi;st also represent
rnen; and, as the emblematic e:diibition
of the throne, and of the four animaU in
the fourth chapter, is plainly similar to
that in the first and tenth of EzekieL it
follows that the animals iu EL^sekid's vi-
sion likewise represented wcit. Hut the
Prophet (ch. x. i — 20.) kftew thotc to be
Cherubim^ i. e. swchfour-factd cherubs ai»
were in the Holy of Holies (as al>ove
proved under my 1st head.) From the
mterpretation of Rev. ▼. 8, 9. aiiove laid
down, then, tlie conclusion will be, that

■ the Cherubim of Glory in the Holy of
Holies represented MEN; which, for
five of the reasons given under my lid
general head against their representing
qngehf is absurd and impossible.
Let us now return to Rev. v. 8, 9, and re-

mm improved VersfM, 8cc. of the ttvelve Minor Pro-
phets, and 0/ F,zri/etys:iy% in his Note on Ezek. i. JO,
** Cherubim cannot represent Jehovah; because
Rev. iv. 8, and v. 8, 9. Uiey pay worship in heaven.**
Jlut what heaven? Even that mentioned Rev. iv.
1, 2, namely, not the place we commonly call hea-
ven, but the -vi total heaven^ which John, bcinp in
the Spirity «aw under the form of a tempUy in which
a door xvas opened. And, to borrow the expressions
of that excellent comracntator F'itrin'^a on Rev. iv.
J , " What is here said is to be understood mysti-
cally. For heaven here, a»in other places of the Re-
velation (ch. xi. 19. xii. l,&c.). denotes /Zir wW^
£tiureb of the elect ofGud^ which under the new dis-
pensation is governed by Christ the heavenly king
after a heavenly manner; and together ^vita Jcru-
. aalem, which is above, forms one house of (Jod, the
upper part of which is in hea% en, the lower on this
earth.*' In this mystical Leaven the cherubic rq)resen-
tatives, Rev. iv. 8, 9, do not pay Tuonh'p^ but pro^
elaisH the glory of tfieir principals, as t)b5erved in an-
swer to objection '^^L above : and in ibis sutjte heaven
they also surrender the administration of all divine poicrr
to the Lamh who had been slain^ OT acl;,(,ivlel^i it to be
vested in Hiaoy as iu answer to objection 4th.

* See TayUrz Hebrew Concordance under 3*13.

mark, nearly in the words of a late learned
t writer, that '* if the grammar of the
8th \ersc be strietly examined, the text
savs, firry one of them had harps and
golden phials ; where the wonis in the
Greek are tyjivrs; hiaro^j in the mascu-
euliiie render, and may certainly refer to
m^sar^vTc^oi the elders, the more imme-
diate antecedent, only, and not to ^xx or
tlic four animals, wliich is of the neuter
Kcnder. And so tlie words, I'hou hast

, redeemed us (verw 9.) may be the words of
the elders atone, and liot of the animahf
who only ratity all, and give their assent
by saying Amen J." ver. 14, Corop.
Rev. iv. 8 — 1 1.

Thus have I emleavoured, in as- narrow a
compass as 1 could, to present the reader
with what appears to me the true, be-
cause the only consistent, explanation of
the cherubic emblems, which the | Jcas
truly confess to he the foundation, root,
heart, and marrow of the uhole Tabema*
cle, atui so of the whole Leritical service,
I pretend i:wt Jiowever to Jia\e gone
through every particular relative to this
glorious and extensive snbject. This
would require a considerable volume.
And for further satisfaction 1 most beg
leave to refer the truly candid and serious
to the sixth and seventh vohunes of Hut-
chinson's Works, to I^nt President For*
bcs*s Thoughts concemittg Religion, in his
Tracts, vol. i. p. 190, edit. Edinburgh ;
to the learned Spearman's Enquity after
Philosophy and Theology f chap. vi. ; aud
especially to an excellent Treatise of the
late Rev* Julias Bate, entitled y Jn Eit-
quiry into the occasional and standing &-

f Mr. Spearman in his Enquiry afUr PbiUsoptj
and ll^eclojy, p. 38 1 , edit. Edinburgh,

\ 'I'he learned Herman fVitsins, in his E^pfhca,
lib. ii. cap. 13. § 35, shews, even without insist lag
on the strict grammatical construction, that r^vfti;
/xrtro;, Ace. may relate to the eUcrs only, and pro-
duces Neh. xiii. 1 , 2. (compared with Num. xxii. 3.)
and Jer. xxi. 1. (compared with Jer.lii. 1 1.) a« simi-
lar instances from the Old Testament.

§ " QneTnadsnodum etiatm ipsi Hebnci fatentur, —
qvcd Fundamentum, Radix, Cor & Medulla lotins
TabemacuU, atque adeo totius Cultu& Levitici, fu-
erit Area cum Propitiatorio & Cherubinis [ut Cosri
scribit. Par. ii. Sect. 28, & ibi R. Jehudah Moif^rfiw)
— & ad earn referelwntur * rctpidebaiit." Bttxtarf^
Hist Arcae Foederis, p. 151.

H Printed for late IVithers, at the Seven Stars^
near Temple Bar, FUet^reet, LwttM*


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milifudes nft/ie Lord Cody &c. Tlie learn-
ed liCafJer iiiav abo meet with some per-
tinent observatiousin Soidiuia Particle?,
AuuoU 323.

With a radical, but mutable or omissible, n

'Jo CMt, cut tipy penetrate.

|. Txj digy cut out, with a spade or other
iustruiaeut, as a well, a pit, a sepulclire.

. See Gen, xwi. 25. 1. 5. Exod. xxi. 33.
sChrou. xvi. 14. As a N. torn, rr^r W
diggiug tT3 n*!^ literally, I'olds or cotes of
^^SS^^S seem to meini such /tolex or care*t
«s the shephei'ds dui^ in the rotks or
mountains to shelter themselves and their
flocks from the weather, especially from
the extreme heat. occ. Zeph. ii. 6. Comp.
Cant. i. 7. And for the further illustra-
tion of Zeph. ii. 6, I remark from Har-
*/ifr, Observations, vol. iii. p. 60, ''That
the eastern shej)herds make use of caves
rery frequently; sleeping in them, ami
jdrivini; also their flocks into them, at
i3i^ht; and especially ** that the moun-
tains, bordering on the Syrian coast are
remarkable for the number of cavea in
them, and that they are found in particu-
lar ill the neighbourhood of -i^^A/fc/u//."
Thb last circumstance lie prpves by a ci-
tation from the Archbisliop of Tyre's
IJistory of the Croisades. As a N. m5a
^ pit, occ. Zeph. ii. 9. As a N. fem.
in Re.s». ni^DTD. Plur. in Reg. '•nirD, and
^ni*)^© A being digged out, as it were, i. e.
produced, occ. Ezck. xvi. ,9, (where it is
joined with "\trhD thy riativiti/) xxi. 30,
(wliere ///e ia/id yn]'^yo is equivalent
to the p^ace uhere thou wast created)
xxix. 14, (where the Vulg. explains
trnn^D by nativitatis suae o/7^e/r w////-
x'itif, and the LXX by oQev f^oj^Srytrav,
ulience they uere take/h) Comp. Isa.
Ii. I.

II. Spoken of Water. 7V> dig fur., occ,
Dent. ii. 6. So Mmtanus, tbdietis.

III. Because this V. is otien applied to dig-
giug a pit or pi/faH, aa l*s. vii. 16. Ivii. 7.
xciv. 15. cxix. 80. Prov. xxvi. c8;
hence, the word for a pit lieing andcr-
stood, it denotes To dig a pit or pitfall,
i. e. to dexiae secret miacltivf, occ. Job
vi. 27. Prov. kvi. 27.

IV. Spoken of the ears, by David in the
person of the Messiah, occ, P^. xl. 7,
^ r»nD C3*:m, literallv. Earn hast titou

diiji^ed for me. Many interpreters hav€
supposed in these worctsan allusion to the
law, Exod. xxi. q, 6. Dcut. xv. 1 7; where
the servant who loved hia roaster, and was
not disposed to leave him, was to have
his ear bored through with an awl, and
ti\ed to the door or door-post, and serve
him till the Jubilee. But observe that in
the text of the Psalm, and in the appli-
cation of it by St. Paul, HeU x, 5.
Christ is introduced in the character, not
oi'd servant y h\xiolL spriest; and further,
that in the case of the servant, Exod.
xxi. 6, not his ears, but <mly one ear was
to be bored, and that tliis boring is ex-
pressed not by mD but by i'Vn, The
expression in Isa. 1. 5, The Lord Jehoinh
YM ^t? nriE: hath opened my ear, and I was
not rebellious (comp. Isa. xlviii. 8.) seems
to come nearer to tliat in the Psalm ; but
then it must be allowed that the Pauaf-
Igist's is the stronger expression, and that
in this view digging ike ean must mean
removing wax or other obstructions to
hearing; but, as such obstructions can-
not in a spiritual sense be ascribed to
Christ, it should seem that m2 digging
the ears (like ^tDi planting them, VmU
xciv. 9.) refers to their on^ ///a/ cow/o/w^
tion; mid that the former of these phra&es
further imports the original aptitude to
hear and do God's will, in which the hu- •
manity of Christ wag formed. And the
expression according to this interpreta-
tion will in sense coincide with the Sep-
tuagint's explanation of it, Xuti^x ^s xx-
ryipria-cxj (jt,ot — J body hast thou prepared
or adjusted for me, which is accordingly
adopted by the Apostle, lleb. x. 5.*

V. To cut vpj i. e, meat for a banquet, occ.
2 K, vi, 23. Job xl. 25, or xli. 6; where
the Vulg. concident shall cut in pieces;
but comp. under 1:3. As a N. mD -i cut*
ting vp, occ. 2 K. vi. 23.

On lios. iii. 2. comp. under 12n I.

VI. As a N. with a formative «, "i^JM A
husbandman, one wiio cultivates the ground
h ^^SS^'^^y p^o,:ghing, or otherwise c«^-
ting and dividing the soil. 2 Chron. xxvi,
10. Jcr. IL 23, & al.

VII. Chald. lulth. 7^o be pierced, wound'
ed, grieved, occ. D^u, vii. 15.

• See more in tlie Appendix to Merrui's Anno-
tatiuns on the Psalms^ Nu. 9. '

A aj n^

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113 Cbald.

In Aph. To cry aloud ^ proclaim, occ. Dan.

V. iQ. As a N. tnD A crier, an herald.

occ. Dan. iii. 4. The Targums use th»

word in the same sense.
Hence the Orcek xpctl^M to cry, and xij

pva-o'u) to proclaim ; by which latter V.

Tkeodotum renders nr, Dan. v. 39, as he

does the N. in2 by xij/suj, Dan. iii. 4.

Occurs not as a Verb in the Hebrew Bible,
but iu Chaldee and Syriac sifrniiies, To
involve t vrap vp. Hence as a N. "f^Dn
Jn outer garment^ a robe. occ. Estli.
viii I c.

Deb. R bejiig changed into L, Cloak. Qu ?

Occurs not as a Verb b Hebrew, but in Sy-
riac <ienotes. To prune, cut off. Hence as
a N. XZTO A vine, or vinejfard, which is
ai/tivated in that manner. Gen. ix. 20.
£xod. xxiii. II. 1 K. xxi. 18. In plpr
tD^D^.D Fruners, vine'dresters, 2 K. xxv.

Dbr. Lat. Carmen, verse (where superflu-
ous syllables are cut of, conip. under
**«Dt iV.) ; whence Eng. Charm, Charmer,
ike. Also, crum or crumb, Qu ?

Comp. under tZDD, and as a N. ME3'p see

ansoog the Pluriliterals.

I. To bow, sink down, as the knees, x K.
xix. 18.

II, Tq bow, sirtk down, as a man upon his
knees. Jud. vii. 5, 6. i K. viii. 54. 2 K.

HI, To couch, as a lion by bowing his legs
under hioi. Gen. xlix. 9. Num, xxiv. 9.

IV. To bow or sink down the head with the
bulk of the body, in token of respect
Estb. iii. a, $. a Chron. vii. 3. xxix. 29.

V. To bow or sink dewn, as females in bring-
ing forth. I Sam. iv. 19, Job xxxix. 3.

VI. Tq bow or sink down, as a person slain
or wounded. Jud. v. 27. 2 K. ix. 24. In
Hiph. To fnake to sink down thps. Psal.
xvn. 13. xviii, 40. Comp; Ps, lxx,vin, 31.

VII. In Hiph. to bow or bring down, in a
figurative sense, tq afflict, humble. Jud.
XI. 55.

VIII. As a N. masc. plur. crin^ The legs
of animals from their bowing or bending
fit the knees, or other joints. Exod. xii. 9.
J45V, i. 9, k u\, L^f xi,2 1, rry-iD \b ^wn

y^^'^h 7j>rso Which kffoe benders or creucb-
ing joints above their feet or hwrr part erf
tJmr legs, to kap wAal upw the earth :
such as our common grasshopper, and
such as the locusts, enumerated in the
next verM» have in thdr two hinder l^
wi)h which they leap. (See Sckewcbier,
Physica Sacra on the place.) And this
shews that the Keri ioA Complutensian
reading iV, which also agrees with mady
of Dr. Kennicott's Codices, and is sup-
ported by the LXX and Vul^. versions,
is the true one. Comp. Shaw*s Travels,
p. 4«o.
Der. To cawre or cower (immediately per-
haps from the Welsh cwrrian the same),
properly to sink by bending the knees,
Lat. curvvs, whence Eng. carre, incur^
vote, incurvation. Lat. Cms, cruris, the
log. whence crural. Also ^ iu )n3 havng
it's nasal sound, cringe, crank (bending),
whence crankle.

Occurs not as a Verb m Hebrew, but in
Arabic sonifies, To contract, gather toge^
ther* As a N. W^^ The belly, abdomen,
where the intestines 2st contracted or con-
volved. So the LXX MiXiav, and Vulg,
ventrem. occ. Jer. li. 34. The Chaldee
Targums use b^3 in the same sense; and
observe that in Jer. fourteen of Dr. Ken*
nicott'9 Codices read 12*13, and nineion?,

I. To cut off,w9k branch. Isa. xviii. 5. To
cut up, as a tree. Deut xx. 19, ao.
ft Chron. ii. 8, 16. comp. Exod. ix. ftc.
As a N. fern. plur. mil*^3 Beams cut otA.
1 K. vi. 36. vii. 2, 11. As a N. masc.
plur. in Regim. *m5D Instruments of
cutting, swords. So Eng, marg. occ.
Gen. xlix. c.
n. To cut f^, by death, cessation, or the
like. €ren. ix. 1 1 . xvii. 14, 1 Sam. xx. 15,
Ps. xxxiv. 1 7, &al. freq,
III. As a N. fem. r\Tro or mmD A cwt^
l^*g off (so Aquila in Deut, KViey\$, and
Symmachus ^axo«*ijf), as of a woman
from her husband by divorce, a divorce.
Dent. xxiv. 1,3. Isa. I. t. And thoudi
the V. r\i3 occurs not in this sense in the
Bible, yet there is no reason to doubt but
it was used in the Hebrew of Ecclus. xxv.
26, or 36, J/she (thy wife) eono^as thou
wtnddst have her, cut her off (Gr, ««>-
TSm) from thykesh.

IV. ra

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IV. To chew meat, cut it in pieces with the
teeth, Nuip. xi. 33.

V. To aa in pieces, applied to sacrtiices. Jer.
XXX iv. 18, Tkemen uho have nnt per/'orfn-
rt/ n^D ^31 the terms of the purification'
sacrifice^ vjhich in*^D they cut in pieces
before we, hi:pr\ the calf uhich nrTD
p'l^h they cut in twain. Here the calf
is plainly called nn:3 the purifier or puri-

^cation-sacrifice, which was cut in twain.
So Ps, 1. ^, nnt ^i»r *nnn thd wilo ^ore
cut in pieces my purifier or purificatitm-
xictim in sacrifice. Comp. Gen. xv. 9,
10, I7» ^S. This custom of mi n^D
cvttiug in pieces a puritication-sacriiice
was used both by believers, and * hea-
then, at their solemn leagues; at first
doubtless with a view to the great sacri-
fice, who was to purge our sins in his own
blood; and the offering of these sacriiices,
and passing through the parts of the di-
vided victim, was symbolictlly slaking
their hopes of purification and salvation
on their performance of the conditions
on which the n^l was offered. Hence
the phrase n^a m^ implies the making
of a league or co/venant ; and donbtless a
sacrifice was generalhf offered on these
occasions. And from this custom the ex*
pression is scHnetunesfiguratively applied,
where we cannot suppose there was any
actual sacrifice; as Job xxxi. j; Hos.
ii. 18. It is known even to' school- boys
that tiie Romans bad the similar expR»-
sioosferirr, icere^ percuterr fstdus, for
making a covenant; and Ainsworth de-
rives the word fistdus itself from ioefa
. porcoy the pregntmt sou , which was «i-
crificed in making it, or ratl,er, ^ns he,
from fttdus, i, e. bloofly^ ipun siiie cmore
npn feriebajitur fisdera, because agree-
wents (or covenants) were mot struck mlA-
out bfood.

If the reader is desirom of tecbg this
important phrase r^^i rro thoroughly

* See Hmur% U. H Ho. 194 (m which pbce
Rys t st k ^ rcnurkt, am TOMBZ ZOOM eroilEliaM
I* t9t fxtyttknf hctm rytvtrrt. By the eattrng •/ tatri*
fictd sMimalg^ oaths m importaat aflfairt were con*
irmcd.) It iii. lin. 103, 104, 105, 107»345, & teq.;
yirgHj JBn. viii. Hn. 641. sii.^ Im. Ifi9, & te^.
Dimysimi mtutrm, lib. V. ad ioit. ; iSvy^ lib. 1.
cap. 34.; and ^tokeH Roman Hiiiory, book i.
p. 67. ; to which by all m/ssuos add the learned B^-
<4«rf, VOL iL3'i5»^#.

explained, and cleared from objedioiiSk
he will do well to cODSoh Bate^% Srr^mire
Mearnng of Akim and Beriih^ Ptot IL
(with the Heply m defence of it aeaiD^
Dr. Sharp\ and Mw^tft Evidence for
Chrtstianifv contained in the wmtb Akim
and £mV,'8:c. Fart 11. I shall however
observe here that Hotner*s phrase Ipxtx
rBfAvsif to cut ^, or in pieces, the oatk*
o^eringSy which he expressly says, IL '&
hn. 245, 246, (coflnp. Im. 169.} were
apvs Iwa two lainbs, wonderfotty agrees
with the Heb. mi ms, cutting ^ apn*
rification'sacrifye; and that if it he ob*
jected that ms is in Dent. xxix. 1 1, 13,
or 13, 14. coBip. Isa. Ivii. S. joined with
rhvkonoaik^ as well as with fm, itOMy
be replied, that there are many other in*
stances, both m the Old aad New Testa-
■lent, of two Nonas being jomed with
one Verb or Partidf^, whKrn is strictly
and properly applicable oaly to one ef
the Noons (see Gen. iv. 20. xhriL 19.
£xod. XX. 18. Dent. it. 12. xxxS. 14.
2 San. xxi. 18. Job iv. lo. Hos. n. 18.
or 20. Zeph. i. 1^. Lake I. 64. xi.
54, 55. 1 Cor. ill. 2. Rev. ^vii. 4.
xviii. ]6.); that the sane BMMie of ex-
|uressioa isnet wieoBaMNi h the f Oiedt
and Roawn writers; and tkat^ wMi re*

grd to the pttiticniar phrase n qnestioiiy
Mirfr likewise, 11. iii. lioL j^^ 94^ 256,
in the same sentence applies rafi^rref

. cutting 0^ and rmpMp^ ietmsmt^^to
fiXaripra friemhkipr as well as to batua
the oatk^erings^ to whicli htlcr alone
it is properiy applicable. As ior the
expressioQ n^OM tS^rn^ Neb. ix. j8, I
thmk with M^ody, p. 14O, that k strktiy
imports tutting off ^fmtk-qferisig or €<oft-

Jirmation'smcnfice (annp. Emm. xxiv.

4^8.), and socorrespooda with the *0p-
KM niirrA fmtlifiil oath-offerings of
Homer. Comp. Grtek and Eng. Lexicon
Dbr. Lat. Cmrtm, whence French cMrr/y
Eng. carl, curtatiom, dtcurtation^ cmrtml^
cuttUus. AbowithVpieiixed, the Danish
siorfcr, and EngliUiaAor/, 4^ Qn.?

As a N. ^ sheep. Oen. xxx. 32. Ler. iii. 7^
& aL FeuL n:uvD An ewe. occ. liev.

f See D»wti*t Hote 5, on CScero De Nat. Deor.
lib. L cap. 17.

A a 4 ▼.6.

Digitized by VjOOQIC

«^':o— n:^3


/13— "ItS^D

V. 6. The word occurs not as a Verb, and
the ideal lueauiuK is uncei taia.
Dbb, Germ. SchuJ, Sax. jrceap, Ei;g.

Nearly the same as ns3, To cover, to he co-
vered, or inslosed. Ouce, Deut. xxxii. 15 ;
where three of Dr. Kennicott*h Cod.ces
read tVD'2, Couip. Job 3^v. 37.

X. To stumble, as against an obstacle. Lev.
xxvi^ 37. Ps. xxvii. %, Jer. xlvi. la. Nali.
iii. 3.«oor through weakness or faintness.
lsa« xl, 30. Comp. i Sam. ii. 4. 2 Chron.
xxviii. 15. Lara. v. 13. Neh. iv. to. As
Ms. pb:i?D A stumble or fall, Prov. xvi. 18.
h\i)ZO and hw2D A stnt/iblofg block. Lev.
xix. 14. Comp. £zek. xvni. 30. Jer.
vi. 2 J.

IL To t utter, as the knees from weakness,
P5.cix.24, Isa. XXXV. 3.

IJI. To toltcr, be ready to foil, in a political
sense. Isa. iii. 8. So as a N. fern, nbu^rrj
A tottering condition of public iiiiair^.
Isa. iii. 6.

JV. To stumble spiritually, in the ways or
law of God. Hos. xiv. 2, 10, or 1^9. In
lliph. To cause thus to stumble into sin
and ruin. See Jer. xviii, 15. 2 Chron.
xxviii. 2}. Mai. ii. 8. As a N. hl^ro
A stumbling block in a spiritual sense.
Ezek. vii. J9. xiv. 3, 4, 7, where it re-
fers to idols, as the fem. plur. r^'^]i>1r^
likewise doth Zepli. i. 3. Comp. Ezek.
iii. 20 ; where it seems to denoje " such
a temptation to siH, and particularly to
idolatn/, as the man mi*;ht have resisted."

V. As a N. i)iu^rn ^ stumbling block to the
heart Or con.scicnce, i. e. something on
which it impinges, as it were, and for
which it coiidams a man.' 1 Sam. xxv.3 1 .
Comp. Acts xxiv. 16, and Greek and
Etig, Lexicon in ATTfoerxoirof.

VI. As a N. h'WD Some instrument of
ihrouiiig dozen buildings or their parts,
4IH ffx, pick-ax^ croTv, or the like. But
Michaelis thinks it more agreeable to the
meaning of the Hoot to interpret it a
Inttei'ing engine, ram or the like. occ.
Ps. Ixxiv. 6,

J)kh. To jostle or justle^ Qu?

In Arabic the Verb signifies. To discover,
disclose^ reveal, and is ahvays in the He-
brew Bible applied to some specks of

conjuring, so may be thongfat f© hart
particular reference to the pretended dis^
covety of things hit (den or future, by ma*
glial means. The LXX constantly trans-
late it by (papy.xMv a drug, or some of
it's dcrivali\es; it luay therefore be ren-
As a V. in Ka1« To use pharmaceutic iuchant^
ments, or to apply drugs, whether vegc*
table, mineral, or animal, to magical pur-
poses, occ. 2 Chron. xxxiii. 6*. As a N.
masc. plur. S^u;r PhannacetUic inchaiU*
ments, sorceries, z K. ix. 22. Isa. xiviL 9,
& al. Also, Inchanters, Jer. xxvii, 9. As
a N. PpzrD An inchanter, sorcerer. Dent,
xviii. 10, & al. Fein, nDu;DD An inchcvU-
tess, sorceress, Exod. xxii, 18.

The idea of the word seems to be Straight^
direct, right, as opposed to crooked, erro^
neous, or wrong,

I. As a V. in Kal, To proceed rightly. So
the hW to pr9sper well, occ,
Ecclc?. xi. 6. I'l Hiph. To direct, occ.
Eccles. X. 10, r]'22'n Te::n pnnn And the
exc^llcfi.iy 6>/(lirccti«g, L e. the most ex-
cellent directress (/a) wisdom,

II. Afia N. *i^tl?'J - / spindle or turning pin,
nhicli re^ulnlcH the position of the thread
frniu the distalf ore. Prov, xxxi. 19;
where ^:^ must be the distaff, and there-
fore ^lu;^:: Is some other part of ti^e ap-
paratus; but u hat cannot be precisely
ascertained without knowing the struc-
ture of the ancient spinning instruments.

III. As Ns. "1U?3 Right, agreeable, occ.
Esth. viii. ^. }r*^3 Righteousness, agree-*
al'lrness. occ, Eccles. iv. 4. v. 10, or ir.
nr,u;iD2 Ps. 1x\iii. 7, may be rendered
either In righttousness (so Theodotion g*
ev^vrr^oriv), or, as the Syriac Version,
Hm^^^lTDa In or wUh prosperity, Comp.
Eccles. xi. 6.


I. In Kal, To powul, beat^ or "wear to pieces.
occ. Deut. ix. 21. Job iv. 20. In Niph.
To be thus pounded or beaten, Isa. xxiv.
12. Mic. i. 7.

II. As a N. feni. nn-2 A beating or pound-

♦ The reader may find some account of these
abominable processes, as practised by the heathen,
in Pettgr*B Antiquities oi Greece, boosJi. ch. xviii. ;
in Horace^ £p6d. V. and the Notes m the Xklpbi^
edition; in Ovid, Metam. iiU viL fab. 2.; and
Lucan, lib. vi. ' , .

Digitized by VjOOQIC



ljn>— era

ing, occ. 1 K. XX. ij. Isa. xxxix. a; in
wSicb passages nnD3 no may mean ^^f
iouse not ouly wliere the spices were
/?w//6W for sacred and civil uses, but also
ulierc the guLl and silver were Uatm or
stamped for coin. Coinp. under tDDD
jlquila and Summachus render nn^i in
Isa. by r-jcy OL^M^ciTUDy avrw of Jih spices ;
and the Targum in botli texts by ^m?:;
of its treasures,

III. In Kal, To beat or destroy, as jyi army,
Dent. i. 44. In Nipb. To tte thus beaten
or destroyed. Jer. xlvi. 5.

nriD Denotes the repetition or intenseness of
the above action.

I. To beatf pound over and over a gain ^ or
into small pieces, 2 K. xviii. 4. 2 Chron.
xxxiv. 7. Isa. ii. 4. As a N. miD is
spoken of oil obtained by expretsion or
pounding, occ. Exod. xxvii. 20. 1 K. '
V. II, or 25.

II. Figuratively, To beat in pieces, destroy
liy repeated beatings, 2 Chron. xv. 6.
P% Ixxxix. 24.

Dkk. Cut, Lilt, cotdo, to beat, a/da to strike,

7'u wtf/i, mgrntey drau, or ^brwi c rrprf-
ientation of^ any thing ; generally used tor
dra-jciug letters or Literal characters, i. c.
uritingf H£ Exod. xxiv. 4. xxxi. 18.
xxxii. 15. Deut. xvii. 18, & al. freq.
but sometimes applied to other marks, as
Exod. x\\'t, 14. (comp. under nOD IV.)
Lev. xix. aS. In Josh, xviii. 6, 8, 9, it
i") u>»etl for delineating a country, or r/raa?-
iv^ geogrnphical maps (aee Schcuc/tzer*s
Physica Sacra on the place; in Ezck.
xliii. II, for drawing the plan of a house.

Online LibraryJohn ParkhurstAn Hebrew and English lexicon, without points → online text (page 70 of 147)