John Payne Collier.

A bibliographical and critical account of the rarest books in the English language, alphabetically arranged, which during the last fifty years have come under the observation of J. Payne Collier, F.S.A online

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Online LibraryJohn Payne CollierA bibliographical and critical account of the rarest books in the English language, alphabetically arranged, which during the last fifty years have come under the observation of J. Payne Collier, F.S.A → online text (page 9 of 30)
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And eke before the route of chyvalty
Worthy seeme to have reward for payne,
It stayes the wyll of Onomaus grace
That they approch within these, thyrty dayes
Unto the Court, where they shall finde in place
Hymselfe sole prest to try in these assayes
Gaynst oommers all ; and who so vanquisht is
On fyeld by hym shall soone then lose hys lyfe:
But who so overrnnnes the king, with blisse
Shall espouse Hippodamia to his wyfe :
And furthermore the Kealme for to enjoy.

96 35ibUograpl)i£al ^aonnt of

After the death of Onomaus king,

To hym without disturbance or anoy

Of any man, and to his ohyldren after hym."

What succeeds is a favorable specimen, introducing the con-
test between (Enomaus and Pelops : —

" The King as cheefe and chalenger first maroheth on the waye,
With all the orue of noble men him after in araye;
Some wyth theire helmes besette with plumed fethers hye.
Some on theire horsses heades for shewe doe put the like, perdie,
Which waveth with the winde: the thirde but in degree
Doth Pelops ryde in perfect hope, but none so brave as he.
The charrets make a oheereful shewe: the trumpets sounde woulde

The heart of anie wight, yea sure, the verie goddes above.
So shrill a note with puffed cheekes those men with breth doe sounde,
That from the earth it flyes to skies, from skyes agayne to grounde.
The horses eares are filde with that, they snort, and staring stand ;
They praunoing jette to shew themselves which best might tread the

But Hippodame, whose face hath set each heart on flamed fire.
Doth follow now with troupes of dames in sad and blacke attire :
Not as she went the prize to see with joy, or to behold.
But as though that she went to mourn. Oh, wight of perfect mould! "

The " Epigrams and Sonnets " begin on the reverse of sign. D
iii, and consist chiefly of love-poems, addressed, as far as we can
now judge, to imaginary objects. The titles of some of them are
imitated from the " Songs and Sonnets '' of the Earl of Surrey,
Sir Thomas Wyat, &c. ; but, although much later in date, they are
greatly inferior in sentiment and language, to say nothing of
higher qualities. Most of these are in fourteen-syllable lines, but
others in heroic couplets, stanzas, and lyrical measures. The
following is the opening of a poem thus entitled : " The lover
being denied, yet singeth this song, being constant, with hope to
obtain hir at the last that may reward him for his paine " : —

" Though surging seas do compasse me
Of carking cares on every side,
Tet trust I once to range more free,
And to the joyfull valley glide ;
And eke the wight for to obtaine
That may release me from my payne.

(farlg (Englisl) iCittrataw. 97

" Though she sayes nay to my request,
And doth deny my true desire,
Disdayning aye to breed my rest,
Whereby I freeze amid the fire,
Yet trust I once for to avart
This stubborne sternnesse from her hart."

In the subsequent " the lover writeth in praise of his Ladie,
wherein he doth compare hir to a Laurel tree that is alwaies
greene " : it is in a form of versification of which the author
does not seem to have been very fond — ten-syllable alternate
rhyme : —

" Like as the Bay that bears on branches sweet
The laurel leaf that lasteth alway greene,
To change his hue for weather dry or weet,
Or else to lose his leafe is seldome scene :
So doth my deare for aye continue still
As faythfuU as the loving Turtle dove,
Eewarding me according to my will
With faithfull hart for my most trustie love.
And sith the time that we our love began
Most trustie she yet hath endured aye,
And changeth not for any other man,
So constant she of fayth in heart doth stay
Wherefore unto that tree I hir compare
That never loseth leafe; no more doth she
Lose tried trueth, how ever that she fare,
But alwayes one by love in hart to me.
Then bost I on this branch of Bayes most pure,
Sith that so sweete I finde it at my hart.
And love while that my life shall aye endure,
And till that death our bodyes two shall part."

Here and there Mathew Grove makes an attempt at humor,
but without any talent for it. The subsequent is quoted prin-
cipally because it shows that a still common jest was current two
hundred and fifty years ago : —

"A perfect tricJce to Mil little blache flees in <me$ chamber.
" Talie halfe a quart of barly graine,
A quart of strongest beere.
And boyle withall in earthen pot
A pint of water cleere,
VOL. n. 7

98 BibltograpljUal ;3lctOttnt of

Till all these three consumed bo

To ounces twelve or lesse,
And then the place, to which you will

These fleas in heaps to presse,
Anoynt with that: this water hath

In it this vertue raw,
-That all the fleas will thither come.

Then take a slender strawe.
And tickle them on the small ribs,

And when you see one gape,
Thrust then the straw into his mouth,

And death he ne shall scape."

Respecting the author, nothing whatever is recorded. His poems
were edited by a person of the name of R. Smith, into whose
hands they fell by chance ; and, in the dedication to Lord Comp-
ton, he says, after alluding to the preservation of Moses, —

" So I by chaunce this Pamphlet here
Dyd save sometime from water cleere.
And tooke it up and brought to light
To be defended through your might;
And so your Honours favor finde
According to the Authors minde.
Foure yeere and more I did him nurse.
Although no whit it cost my purse * * «
Th' auothor, sure, I doe not know,
Ne whether he be high or low,
Or now alive, or els be dead."

It is evident, however, from " the Author's Epistle " which
follows these lines, that he had put the whole volume into a shape
adapted for publication. He says, " I stoode in doubt whether I
were better presume to publish this my travail, or in covert wise
to keepe it close : at length I assured my selfe, although it would
bring but little pleasure to the Readers if it were published, yet
lesse would it be to any man if I kept it close.'' This is subscribed
" Mathew Grove." The work is of extreme rarity, one other
copy only having been preserved, which passed through the hands
of Ritson. (See Bibl. Poet. 228.) It seems not improbable, from
the style, that the poems had been written some considerable time
before they were published ; and Smith, as we have seen above,

©arlg €ngUsl) Citeraturt. 99

states that, after he found them, he kept them by him four years
and more. At the end is " Finis M. G.,'' with a repetition of the
imprint. The last page is filled by the device of the printer, Abel
Jeffes. "We have met with no mention of Grove in any author
of the time, and he gives no information himself.

GuiLPiN, Edward. — Skialetheia. Or a Shadowe of
Truth, in certaine Epigrams and Satyres. — At London,
Printed by I. R. for Nicholas Ling, and are to be solde
at the little West doore of Poules. 1598. 8vo. 34

The authorship of this small volume is ascertained by certain
quotations from it in " England's Parnassus," 1600, to which the
name of Edw. Guilpin is subscribed. Nothing is known of him
beyond the fact that he wrote some verses prefixed to Jervis
Markham's " Devoreux," in the year preceding the appearance of
his own work. Francis Meres, when he published his Palladis
Tamia, in the autumn of 1598, mentioned " Skialetheia," which
had come out just previously, but did not give a hint as to the
writer. Whenever " Skialetheia " has hitherto been spoken of,
it has been treated as anonymous.

We are only aware of the existence of two complete copies, one
in the Bodleian Library, and the other in that of the Earl of
EUesmere. In 1843 the late Mr. Utterson reprinted it, but only
struck oflT sixteen copies, to which we shall recur presently.

The first thirteen leaves of the original are occupied by seventy
epigrams of various merit, not a few of them being directed
against living or dead authors. Thus, upon Thomas Deloney, the
ballad-poet, who generally made public executions the subject of
his verses, we read : —

" Like to the fatall ominous Raven, which tolls
The sioke man's Dirge within his hollow bealce,
So every paper-olothed post in Poules
To thee (Deloney) mourningly doth speake,
And tells thee of thy hempen tragedie.
The wracks of hungry Tyburne nought to thine

100 libliograpl)ual :3lccocnt of

Snoh massacre's made of thy balladry,

And thou in griefe for woe thereof must pine :

At every streets end Fuscus rimes are read,

And thine in silence must be buried."

By Fuscus, Guilpin means John Marston,! whose severe satires
were at that date extremely popular. Epigram 24 is directed
against him : —

" When Fuscus first had taught his Muse to scold,

He gloried in her rugged vaine so much,

That every one came to him heare her should,

First Victor, then Cinna; nor did he grutch

To let both players and artificers

Deale with his darling, as if confident

Kone of all these he did repute for lechers.

Or thought her face would all such lusts prevent.
But how can he a bawdes surname refuse.
Who to all sorts thus prostitutes his Muse? "

Guilpin only seems to use real names where he can do so with
impunity, as in the case of Gue, a low comedian of some note,
who is addressed in this style : —

" Gue, hang thyself for woe, since gentlemen

• Are now growne cunning in thy apishnes ;

Nay, for they labour with their foolishnes

Thee to undoe. Procure to hang them, then:

It is a strange seeld scene unoharitie

To make fooles of themselves to hinder thee."

Gue is mentioned as an actor, with Cokely and Pod, in Ben
Jonson's 129th epigram, addressed "To Mime." "Seeld seen"
is of course seldom seen, akin to Shakspeare's " seld-shown " in

1 If Fuscus mean Marston, the E. G. to whom Marston addresses his
Satyra nova, in his " Scourge for VlUanie," can hardly mean Edward
Guilpin, and we must look for some other owner of the initials. Marstou's
satire opens thus : —

" Prom out the sadnes of my discontent,
Hatiog my wonted jocund merriment
(Onely to give dull Time a swifter wing)
Thus, scorning scorne of idiot fooles, I sing."

(JEarlg ^nglial) £it£rattt«. loi

" Coriolanus," Act II. sc. 1. Some of the epigrams are of a kind
more generally applicable, as that to Cornelius, ridiculing the
manners of the young fops of the day, and beginning : —

" See you him yonder, who sits on the stage
With the tobacco-pipe now at his mouth ?
It ia CorneUns," &o.

The Satires, which fill all the later portions of the book, are six
in number, besides a Preludium. They may all boast of a cer-
tain degree of cleverness and acuteness, affording, in some
places, curious pictures of the manners of the time. Guilpin's
animosity to Marston and Hall (who is also struck at with
some success) seems to have arisen out of the fact that they
preceded him in this department, and obtained great popularity.
We take a specimen from Satire V., which may remind the reader
of Churchill ; and here again Guilpin has another blow at poor
Gue: —

" Oh, what a pageant's this I what foole was I

To leave my studie to see vanitie!

Bat wiio's in yonder coach ? my lord and foole.

One that for ape-tricks can put Gue to scboole.

Heroicke spirits true nobilitie.

Which can make ohoyce of such societie !

He more perfections hath than y' would suppose :

He hath a wit of waxe, fresh as a rose :

He plays well on the treble Violin ;

Ha soothes his lord up in his grossest sin:

At any rimes sprung from bis lordships head,

Such as Elderton would not have fathered.

He cries Oh rare, my lord! he can discourse

The story of Don Pacolet and his horse

To make my lord laugh — swear and jest

And with a simile nou plus the best."

All are written in the same spirit, and with the same spirit ; but
in his sixth satire the author takes occasion to mention Chaucer
and Gower, afterwards praises some of his contemporaries, naming
Spenser, Daniel, Markham, Drayton, lamenting the untimely loss
of Sidney ; and not naming Marston, but at the same time ac-
knowledging that Fuscus was applauded by the world.

We have spoken of the late Mr. Utterson's very limited reprint

102 3BibUograpl}iral '^tcovmt of

of " Skialetheia" in 1843 : he intended of course to do a service
to our early literature, but he most unluckily employed persons
to transcribe, and to print, who made such egregious blunders
that the result of their labors is worse than worthless. "We may
point out two gross errors in the sixth satire, not in the way of
complaint, but of regret. Thus for Guilpin's " vertue-purged
Boule," Mr. Utterson printed " naiure-purged soule," and for
*' some mault-worme, barley-cap," he has printed " moui^-worme,
barley-cap." In another part of the little volume he has " bucher
dialect " instead of " livelier dialect," " teaching love's glorious
world " for " scorching love's glorious world " ; and in an epigram
we have quoted, " every paper clothed poet in Poules " instead
of " every paper clothed post in Poules," referring to the bill-
beplastered pillars. He has also common for " cannon," Jests for
"jets,"' and poultry for " peltry," with various other errors,
arising merely from having trusted too much to persons who
were, perhaps, not so incompetent as careless. Mr. Utterson
afterwards became so well aware of the defects of some of his
reprints, that he corrected obvious blunders with his own pen ;
but this remark does not apply to Guilpin's " Skialetheia."

Habington, William. — Castara. The first part &c. —
London, Printed by Anne Griffin for William Cooke &c.
4to. 1634. 44 leaves.

This is the first edition of a collection of poems deservedly
admired for their purity and grace, rather than for their force or
originahty. The second edition was published in the next year,
and the third in 1640. They are preceded by an address of five
pages, headed " The Author," but Habington did not put his
name to the volume. When he remarks of English poetry in
general, " she hath in her too much air and (if without offence to
our next transmarine neighbour) she wantons too much according
to the French garb," he is referring to the poetry which had
made its appearance within about ten years before he published
" Castara." The " second part," hardly as good as the first, begins
upon sign. G 8.

€arla ®ngli0() Citcratuw. 103

Castara was Lucia, the daughter of Lord Powis, and she became
Habington's wife. The year of their marriage is not known, but
in one of his poems, as thej- appeared in the third impression,
Habington speaks of Lucia as Castara. He was a Boman Catho-
lic, was born on the day of the Gunpowder Plot, and died in his
forty-ninth year.

Hake, Edward. — Newes out of Powles Churchyarde.
Now newly renued and amplifyed according to the acci-
dents of the present time. 1579. and otherwise entituled
syr Nummus. Written in English Satyrs. Wherein is
reprooved excessive and unlawfuU seeking after riches,
and the evill spending of the same. Compyled by E.
H. Gent. Scene and allowed according to the order
appointed. Horatius.

Aetas parentum pejor avis tulit
Nos nequiores mox daturos
Progeniem vitiosiorem.
Well get thy goods and spend them well ;

well gotten keepe the same.
Beware of hoorde, hoorde hate doth bring,
and vile reprochfuU name.
Non mordet qui monet,
Non vulnerat, sed sanat.

[Colophon] Imprinted at London by John Charlewood,

and Eichard Jhones. 8vo. B. L. 64 leaves.

There is no more rare or more curious work than this in our
language. Only a single copy of it is known, (that we have used,)
and, although mentioned by later bibliographers, it was unknown
to Bitson, and nobody has yet pretended to give a notion of
its contents. We shall do so in more detail than usual.

On the title-page, which in the middle of it is dated 1579, we
are told that it was " newly renewed and amplified," by which we
are to infer that it had come out earlier ; and the author else-
where states that it had been printed twelve years before, though

104 3BibUograpl)ttal ^rconnt of

we are aware of no other trace of it. In more than one place it
speaks of 1579 as the date at which, at all events, certain por-
tions were composed. On- the back of one of the early pages we
have a woodcut of the Earl of Leicester's crest, the Bear and
ragged Staff, with the date of 1579 under if, and these lines: —

" The Beare doth beare me now in hand,
that Noble is thy race:
The vertues of thy worthy minde
shewe forth the gifts of grace."

Elsewhere we learn that the author was then Under Steward of
Windsor, and we may conclude that the place had been given to
him by the Earl of Leicester, his patron. There is no doubt that
Hake had been brought up to some branch of the legal profes-
sion, probably as a solicitor, and that he had had no great success.
His dedication is to Lord Leicester, " high Stewarde of her
Majesties Burrow of new Windsore," in six six-line laudatory
stanzas, where Hake claims that in his work —

" He sets to vew the vices of the time
In novell Verse and Satyrs sharpe effect.
Still drawne along and pend in playnest rime.
For sole intent good living to erect.
And sinne rescinde, which rifely raignes abroade
In peoples harts, full fraught with sinfull loade."

In a prose address " to the gentle Reader " he informs him that
when the work was originally published in 156 7 he was, as it were,
" in his childishe yeares," since which he had put forth other
pieces, and, though he did not repent them, he wished he could
have revised them. These were his " Touchstone for this time
present," 1574, and his " Commemoration of the Reign of Q.
Elizabeth," 1575, with perhaps some others that have been lost.
After mentioning his studies in the Inns of Chancery, he adds, —

" But touching this ray booke, I have not abridged it of any one Satyre
that was in the first edytion thereof; neyther have I added unto it any
other whole Satyr: but I have enlarged here and there one, and have cor-
rected the whole booke in many places. I confesse I could have been
wylling to have increased the number by ij or iij Satyrs at the least:
namely of undershrieves and baylififs one ; and of Informers and Somp-
ners or Apparitours other two."

<2arla €nglt0l) Cikratuw. 105

Joannes Long, Londoniensis Minister, has ten Latin hexam-
eters and pentameters in praise of Hake ; and in some English
lines " to the Citie of London " the same clergyman makes the
following curious enumeration of Hake's earlier literary perform-
ances : —

" A great conquest of sinne hath made
a Student, Edward Hake.
London ! learne for to beware j

from slnne arise and wake.
Of wanton Maydes he did also

the slights of late detect :
Learne to be wise, and looke to them,

the worst always suspect.
Hee hath redusde to vulgare tongue

the Imitation true,
And following of our Captaine Christe,

good living to renue.
A Touchstone for the present tyme

hee eke set forth of late.
Wherein the rnynes of the Churohe

with zeale he doth debate.
A brief memoriall of our Queene,

and of her blessed raigne,
He also wrote in dewe discourse,

first once, and then againe.
At length these Newes are now come forth,

wherein thy sinnes he showes.
Bepent (therefore) and call for grace
of God eche thing that knowes."

Hence we see that Hake's " Commemoration " had gone through
two impressions before 1579. We know that his translation of
Thomas a Kempis was printed in 1568 ; and his tract " of the
slights of Wanton Maids " seems thus alluded to by George
Turberville in his " Plaine Path to perfect Vertue," 1568, a quo-
tation which also shows that the work before us had first come out
anterior to that date : —

" I neither write the Newes of Poules,
Of late set out to sale.
Nor Meting of the London Maides,
For now that fish is stale."

The fact is, that "A mery metynge of Maydes in London " had

106 I3ibli(igrap[)ical ^licoont of

been entered by H. Denham in 1567, and an answer to it, under
the title of "A letter sente by the Maydes of London to the ver-
tuous Matrons," was registered in the same year. Their popular-
ity perhaps induced Turberville to say that the " fish " (i. e. Hake)
was then " stale."

Reverting to Hake's " News out of Paul's Churchyard," we
may add that in some stanzas " to the carping and scornefull Sic-
ophant," the author abuses the books of " vain jests to stir up
filthy game," by which some writers then made money : alluding,
among others, we may be sure, to " The Merry Jests of the
Widow Edyth," which had come out in 1573, if not to " Gill of
Brentford's Testament," i published somewhat earlier, both pro-
ductions extremely gross, and not less popular. Hake's prelimi-
nary matter occupies eight leaves, and then we arrive at " The
first Satyr,'' which, like the others, consists of a dialogue between
Bertulph and Paul, as they walked in the aisle of the cathedral.
The latter complains that Sir Nummus had taken up his abode,
not with industrious and conscientious ministers, but with bishops,
deans, &c. Such is the sole topic of the first satire ; and the sec-
ond relates to the miseries of suitors in courts of justice, to the
corruption and partiality of judges, and to the greediness of
counsel and attorneys. He says of them very boldly, —

" Their princely Places stately bee,

their houses buylt for aye ;
Their turrettes up alofte are raysda ;

foundations deepe they laye.
So thus (no doubt) and farre more yll

they let Syr Nummus wagge,
Reserving still some mightie masse

to rust within the bagge.
And here you see what wayte they laye,

and eke what wayes they use
To get this pelfe ; and gotten, see

how they the same abuse."

1 The following lines by L. P., i. e. Laurence Price, in praise of Mar-
tin Parker's " Harry White his Humour," 8vo, printed about 1640, shows
how long the celebrity of this coarse and vulgar production survived : —
" The author in a recompence
to them that angry be,
Bequeaths a gift that's cal'd
Old Gillian's legacie."

€arla (fnglial) Citerature. 107

Such free speech could hardly have been welcome to Hake's
patron, or to the great generally ; yet he goes through different
professions in the same fearless spirit, and his third satire is
devoted to the tricks and practices of physicians. He narrates a
hot dispute for precedence between a Doctor of Medicine and a
Doctor of the Law, which is at length referred to the Pretor : —

" The Pretor, when he heard the dolts

contend about a straw,
Was soone content to judge the same;

and askte the man of Law,
Who went unto the Gallowes first,

the hangman or the thiefe ?
Who foremost was of both them two,

and which was there the chiefe ?
The hangman, quoth the Lawyer tho,

for he doth kill the man :
The hangman he must go before,

the thiefe must follow. Than,
Quoth Pretor; harke! this is my minde,

and judgement in the case :
Phisition he must go before,

and Lawyer give him place."

The next satire, the fourth, is very discursive, for from the
abuses of apothecaries and surgeons, Hake wanders to the Sump-
tuary Laws then in force, and complains that

" Varlets vaunt about the streete

lyke men of high estate.
Their hosen strowting forth with siloke,

and plumes upon their pate.
The Raskalles now must roame abroade

lyke men of honest port," &c.

And of citizens he says, —

•' And so (forsooth) his wife must have

prepared out of hand,
Gaye garments of the finest stufife

that is within the land :
She must have Partlet, Square, and Lace,

with chaine about her neck ;
She must have costly kinde of chaunge,

and all things at her beok.

108 33tbUogropI)ttol !2lctount of

Hir Daughter also must be clad

well, lyke a Ladies feere,
And all to walcke about the streate

with hir true Lover deare."

In the fifth satire Hake uses rather a fine compound epithet, as
applied to Death : —

" Let wearish wimpled ago grow on,
let head be hoarie white,
And olde be thou: yet at the last
black-winged Death will strike."

Death with Hake was no mere unpoetic skeleton. He then
directs his attack against extravagant bankrupts, observing that

" In brave arraye they bring them selves
into Cook Lorrels Barge; "

and exclaiming, —

" 0, where are Matrones now become ?
O, where are Husbands grave?
Where are the Wives that tooke such care

their honesty to save ?
Would Matrones walcke, or Wives discreet,

with silver shining browes
From streate to streate ? No ; rather they
would keepe within their howae."
In this division Hake draws an excellent, though not very-
novel portrait of a young town-gallant, who, left rich, is lived
upon by his sharking companions, and at last reduced to beggary

Online LibraryJohn Payne CollierA bibliographical and critical account of the rarest books in the English language, alphabetically arranged, which during the last fifty years have come under the observation of J. Payne Collier, F.S.A → online text (page 9 of 30)