John Penrice.

A dictionary and glossary of the Ḳor-ân, with copious grammatical references and explanations of the text online

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V. 25, "They two nourished me.—^^J\ IV,
To cause to increase, grant an increase to.

^j aor. a. Tofeedin al/undant pastures, pass time
pleasantly, enjoy one's-self.

fjjj aor. 0. To mend anything byjoin'mg the broken
parts, fjjj n.a. Anything close, solid, im-
pervious ; The word occurs at 21 v. 31, where
it is said that the Heavens and the Earth were
originally f^j, i.e. united together in one solid

cPj To be well and fairly arranyed.^Jjj II. To

roivjut (the Ivo/Aa) \.iui a i]o\v aiul u"..^t:::ct
. enunci.^tion. J^^Jf n.t^. Tlic cct of r- vjiitiiij

t!io Kor.Va in a slo\,' and dLr'Jr.ct ir.:.:.n-r.
^.^ aor. 0. To mo\'c, shall 2. ^ n.a. A sl.akh.j,

>y To cor.:po$c a partlcu!>ir hind of vcrcc calud

yrj' J^J ^"^^^j^Tj luipunty, a plu;;uo, puni:h-

meut, any aboniiiiatio:), e?[':ci:.lly laol^itry.

\j^rj ^*^^* ^« ^^ hdlow loudly, iS^J *^^ ii'^0f3ii^>

tion, puniihniont, indi^*iu;tion, doubt.
^.^j aor. i. To return, turn Irck, turn oil— blame—
upon any one (v;ith ^\), as ^^f^J, ^\ .^^-^
21 V. 59, "Perhaps they miglit turn it cu
upon him;" or, according to another vercicn,
"That they might return unto God;" to come
back, L-Jj! ^T^ ^f^y^ 21 V. 65, " Then th jv
came to themselves— returned to their senses ; "
to bring back, give back (with ace. and ^<i!);
to turn ngaiu, as^^ \ j-^-J"^ 07 v. 3, "Turn
again thine eyes (unto Heaven);" jj;*^j) 23
V. 101, " Restore me (to life again)," A rare
instance in the Koran of the plural for tlie
singular, used out of respect; D. S. Gr, T, 2,
p. 237, note. w>y and ^a^j ns.a. A return.
j^lj part. act. One who returns, etc. j-=r>*
noun of time and place, A return. — ^-^^^ VI.
To return to one another.

i^J^j aor. 0. To be in violent motion, to shake
violently, tremble. <U5»^ An Earthquake, a
mighty blast. If^^j Name of the first blast
of the trumpet which is to precede the general
Resurrection.— cjb^-^ part. act. IV. f. One
who makes a commotion.

Js^J aor. 0. To hurt one in the foot. J^^J n.a.
collective noun. Foot, Foot-soldiers, ^j

Digitized by VjOOQ IC




fern.; i lar. ^^-^-ji A f jt; ^^.;St^ c*^^ '^v
^Vr^b ^,t1t'-:1 ;^^ ^.^^.Coi iv'AmUIo
r.ot brln\j a cil'iintiy wluo!i Uicy have invonled
l:t'.voca tiK^ir handd p.r:J ti.eir {cA;'* Thn
\YorJs ai-o iutcrprc'ed to nic^n, 'M'^rJl not h.y il^.o^-itujr^lycfr.^prirj to tht-ii* hnslanJ^."
Jb-j riur. J'-r-j A mail,, as oppored to a

v/oman; ^JV ^^y jU-^^ 72 v. 6, "With

• ccrlain of. the Jim."

j>j>j aor. 0. To siono, 1>-J A dcuU, conjecture;

^^^U Lt^"J 13 V. 21, " Doubtfullv sno.-^in::^

at that v.'hicli i.-s secret;" Plur. /%^j Thir.g-s

• "vvhich are thrown, lo-j Stoned, pelted or

driven r/,vay vrltli^toius; nnEpithet of Satan.

s / c ^

(*J^^ part. p:33. Stoned.
Uy aor. 0. To Lope (with ace. or wi-th ^); to hope
for (with ace, and ^.« or -J); sometimes also
to fear, lut in this sense it is always found
with a negative, thus V. JLJ \:)fTjl '^ ^y^ '^^
V. 42, "They did not dread the liesurrection,"
^l>-jl plur. of L>-j The sides, yrj^ part, pass.
Hoped for.— j^j^ IV. To putme.", a^^ Suspicion, uncertainty. —
L^^* part. act. IV. f. Disquieting, ho or tlir.t
which inspires doubt or suspicion ; also ono
who is guilty of a crime. — ^-^^♦! VIII. To bo
in. doubt, i^^jy^ part. act. One who is in
doubt, a sceptic.

^\j aor. i. To Jit feathers to an arrow, {^^j
generic noun. Feathers; fine clothing.

clj aor. i. To grow. j->^ A high hill.

^Ij aor. i. To take possession— of the heart— (with


Joj aor. 0. To ghe anyone cream to eat. >ijj Froth,

yj aor. 0. To pelt with stones, j^j A book. The
Book of Psalms; Plur.^j Books, writings,
Scriptures; jij and^ are also Plurals of i^j
A lump or large piece of iron, a divided por-
tion, sect; Jj occurs with tho first of these
meanings at 18 v. 95, and^j with the last, at
23 V. 55.

^jtj aor. i. To sell dates on the tree by guess.

iUjbj plur. of L^J, or wanting the singular.

Rebels (against God), Praetorian Guards; at

96 V. 18 it appears to refer to the Angels who
. keep guard over Hell.
^ J aor. 0. To pierce with the ferule of a spear /

isAp^j noun of unity, A thing made of gla^s,

as a glass vessel.
^,5^ aor. 0. To prohibit, drive away, j^-j n.a. The act

of driving or prohibiting, tl^j^jjjl fern. plur.

part. act. Those who drive; J^j c-^|/r]J!jv!^

Digitized by


( C2 )


C7v. 2, '^\..iIt!ioATi^^e^ ; \,\io drlv.^ ilrvrarJ the
clc:;J.s, or drive r.way evil sj.Irito, or I:eep men
from ?ia.*' . J^j A single cry. - ^ j)l^ VIII.
for^rj^ To drive away witli cries, reject.
j^'^y* part. pass. Forbidden.

l^j aor. 0, To he easy, — ^j>-j^ IV. To propel, drive
forward (with ace. and J or^^i). il:fy< fem.
■ of ,^yr/« Few, small. • •

rr^J To remove far from a place (with ^). rr^j^
part. act. One who removoi, as ^J^J^, j^ ^j
t-^li^TJ^ 2 V. 00, " But he shall not free
him3elf from the pimishinent." Derived from

which h;o the same meaninnr.


L^J^j aor. a. To proceed toivards. t^l-^J n.a. An
army marchinj in a hostile manner^

uJ^j Anything hig-hly embellished, as with gild-
ing, decoration by gilding, gold, embellish-
ment, either real, as the flowers of- the earth,
10 V. 23; or figurative, as a flowery discourse,
6 V. 112; verbal rt. uJ/iJ To gild,

cl/^ aor. 0. To construct a pen or fold for sheep.
j^V^ (2nd declension) plur. of Zj\j A rich

^jj aor. a. To sovir seed, give increase to, as a:;jH

it its increase, or are We the givers of it ? "
cy Plur. fijj Seed, corn, land sown with com.

tbj P'^^' ^^ f/li P^''^* ^^^* -^ sower.

^j^ aor. 0. and i. To drop dung (a bird) ; /^ have
blue eyes, j^ plur. of jj)\ One who has blue
eyes ; an enemy, such as the Greeks, whose
eyes were frequently of that colour.

fj^j aor. i.To abuse.— ^jjj^ VIII. for ^Jfj\ D. S.
Gr, T. 1, p. 222, To despise.

IcJ aor. 0. To speak, assert, generally used in

douLLfal mr.itero; to suppose, think, i:*ir^ane,
fancy, to be of opinion (with ace. or vath ^^1).
j^j n.a. Fancy, imagination, l^j A surety,
one who vouc'ies for or guar.intcos another.

eJj aor. 0. 7b carry home tic bride in procession ;
aor. i. To hapten, go with hurried steps.

yj t\.6T, i. To sevA forth a deep breath. JlJj A deep
sob; properly, the first part of the braying of
an ass, as ^^Ji is the 'second; at 11 v. 103
these words may be rendered " yohbing. and
sighing ; " at 25 v. 13 the term \^J is applied
to the roaring of flames.

l5j . To srcallow speedily. /♦yJS 1 A tree growing in
the midst of Hell, for a description sec ch. 37
V. 60; The tree after which this infernal pro-
duction was named bears a kind of intensely
bitter almond.


^j o.r more properly ISj aor. o. To gro7v\ to be
pure, or purified. sSj pronounced, and sorae-
times written l^Sj or iSj like Jyu> or PJ^, D.
S. Gr. T. 1, p. 36, Purity, a portion of one's
substance given in order to purify the rest,
i.e. Alms ; l^j i^% \-^ 18 v. 80, " One more
righteous than he," literally, " Better as to
purity." ^j Pious, righteous. ^J^ for
^j\ comp. form, Purer, more righteous;
lilit J^] 18 T. 18, " The purest and best
food."— ^^ II. To purify, justify (with ace.
of pers. and t-j of thing). — ^Ji and ^Jl V.
To endeavour to be pure and holy, to give
part of one's substance in alms, as at 92 v. J 8.

Jj aor. i. To slip.— Jjl IV. To cause to slip or fall
(with ace. and ^j^).— tj/^-*! X, same as Jj^
but with ace. of pers. and l^.

Digitized by VnOOQlC


( C.3 )


J Jj To sliauC, sL.lce lo nr.d fro. JVpj n.a. 1 he act

of sl.aVing; CI];;!) ^o^Tc:^ iJl 09- v. 1.
* "When tlio ciutli is slukca by an earth-
quake;" literally, "by its shaking." *OpJ A
slicck— of an earthqinke.

c^jj r^; c//'6:/d; ?2jar. il^ Nearness, proximity, a
near ftpproach; ^Jlj Near at hand; Plur.
(Jjj; The phrase J^f^^ liij at 11 v. IIC
6i(jnifie3 those hours of the night which com-
mence at the close of day, and those of the
day which commence at the close of night ;
Thc]:^ are other ways of spelling this word,
■ Bucli as U^;. U-J ana ^Jr the last being a noun
in the singular, having tho same signification
as ^!j}jf aod of the second declension, D. S. Gr.
T. 1, p. 402.— uiJj* IV. To bring near, cause
to approach (with ace. and J).

Jlj aor. 0. To slip, ^tj A place in which the feet
are liable to slip.— jJjT IV. To cause to slip or
fall (with ace. of pers. and i^).

Jj To wander about, pj Plur. i!^l Headless
arrows used by the ancient Arabs for purposes
of divination, a superstition forbidden by the
Koran; for a curious illustration of this custom
see Ezekiel ch. xxi. v. 21.
j^j aor. i. To play upon a rvind insirumenL yj
plur, of Ij^j A crowd of men ; \j^j In crowds.

J-*j aor. i. and o. To limp.^j^ part. act. of
j51 for Jijj V. f. D. 8. Gr. T. 1, p. 220,
To wrap one's-self in a garment. The epithet
J^J^] is applied to Mohammad in the 73rd
ch. because at the moment it was communi-
cated to him he was wrapped in a mantle
either asleep or at prayers ; so say the com-
. mentators.

j.^^\ lo j.i2!irciih avjcr\an eye). Aj^^-*} J^ -^cs-
sive cold, by some interpreted to mean the
iloon; orij^lnal root LJ To he uol.ixi.
jL-uirj Gin .or, v/ita wliich the Vr'atcr of Siilsabeol,
a fountaii) in Paradise, is to bo llavourcd.

Jj no verbal root, jin excrescence behind the hoofs
of goats. IjJ Spurious, illegitimate.

^j aor. i. To be guilty of fornication. Uj n.a.
Fornication, ^j and with the article ^}}^\
and •Iji|j2i part. act. One who is guilty of

s:bj aor. a. To ahstain; aor. i. To have in lorv
estimation. j^Vj part. act.. One who e^^Lcems
lightly, or \vo\'h in low estimation (with ^
of thing).

ji>j aor. a. To be resplendent, iy^j A fon^cr,

jjtj aor. a. To be full of marrow (a bone) ; to
vanish, disappear, perish. ^\j part. act. That
which vanishes away. J^j Vain, perishable.

IVj aor. 0. To stir up strife. V'^j Plur. ^ijjl A
companion, mate, spouse, husband or wife, an
individual when consorting with another; that
in which individuals are united, as a kind,
species, class, or sex, also a pair, a couple ;
Examples, w^ -.jj Js ^ ^-i lS2u 31 v* 9,

" And we have caused (vegetables) to spring
up in it of every generous species ; " ^ U^-i
uW'^J fv^^ J^ ^5 v- ^2, " In each (garden)
there shall be two kinds of every fruit," or it
may be '* Two pairs of every kind;" thus at
11 V. 42 the words ^-:j1 ^^J^J^ JS ^^ may
cither be rendered two, or two pair, of every
kind, so also at 13 v. 3, 6 v. 144 and elsewhere ;
for the use of ^j;-J^ with the dual see D. S. Gr.

Digitized by VjOOQ IC


( CD


T. 2, p. 31 J, v,!icro he trvin^j^r.tcs ,^1 ^'!^jjj
"Two in'^yiilncib/' a rer.Iin^ wliich 13 aup-
. ported by tlio j.a: ':.n:cj at SI v. 49, vihova
j^^^jj muct of nccos-^/ly Lave the mcruiing of
two imlividiials paired togeLlicr, and at 15 v.
• 83, v.'Iierc l^^^l means simply "individuals,"
or certain of tnem; ^\jj] jlx^ ^yjs^\^
03 V. 53, "And oilier (matters) of a similar
kind sliall bo in conjunction vrith it;" In tliis
pa3SJ je there appears to be an ellipsc,^^! for
\^\\ in virtue of its comparative form beinj
put in the singular, D. S. Gr. T. 2, p. 304;
it la al-:0 vrriM cn^i see -3 y. 5.— Ijj II. To
give in marri.^j^ (iirith double ace.) ; to wed
to (with ace. and ^->); to join together; U^j
K^:^^]j {jM^\ 81 V. 7, "And when the souls
shall be joined (to th ot bodies) ; " At 42 v. 49
it means to make of two kinds, to make or give

^\j aor. 0. To take provisions. j\j Provision for
a journey. — Jlp V.To provide one's-self for a
^\j aor. 0. To visit, j^ False, a falsehood. —
J55^ VI. To decline (with ^);J)\^ 18 v. 16
is for j^l^ 3 pers. fem. smg. aor.

^j aor. 0. To cease, cease to be in a place, fail,
perish, as i^) ^1 35 v. 39, " Lest they fail ; "
to declme, as JLsJ \ ^ J.j:l ^J^ ^JS ^^
14 V. 47, " Even though their craftiness were
such that the mountains should be moved by
it;" ftVera//y, "should cease to remain in their
places, or incline downwards (like the Sun)."
j\^j n.a. A declining, declination as of tho sun
from the meridian, in which sense it is figura-
tively employed at 14 v. 46.

fSj\) aor. i. To dress food with oil. cj^j Oil.

.::jjcoV: ::tiveiic:^.n,Tl eolivo, oHvcj. i^j

iiQ!m of u.ity, An olive, r.n olive-lree.
jlj P^r. i. JO I: /.•v-'-Jc'..^ to increase, c?/;:e to
increase, ^ive an incroa^o to (with ace. of per3.
and ^ or with double ace); to exec: J in
number; J);-\;j-:>^ 37 v. 147, "Or tlicre were
more in number; ".to make an addition to
(with ^^)* \j Zeid, ^lohammai's fieedman
■ and adc^pted son, whoso wife Zeinab rklohammad
married au^r her divorce from Zoid; seech.

33. ijljj An increase, addition. • ^Ct An

accession, increase, adJition. — ^^^j\ for o'Jjt

VIII. D. S. Gr. T. 1, p. 203, To increase,

suiTer an incrca50, or bo increased by (with

ace); as H; l^J^jJTj 13 v. 24, "And they

. suiTercd au increase of nine {years),"

ilj aor. i. To be inclined dov/nwards, to become

dim (the sight), turn aside, deviate (with ^).

'Ljj n.a. Perversity.— iVj I IV, To cause to

deviate, render perverse.
^ ^ ^^ >•

JU aor. i. and a. To cease (with ^<i).— JiJ II. To

makea separation (with ^X'—^J V. To be

separated one from the other.

^j aor; i. To adorn, ijj An ornament, as apparel
at 7 V. 29, or trinkets, etc., pomp ; sometimes
used collectively for ornaments, as at 20 v. 90
and elsewhere ; At 20 t. 61 AijjJ 1 I^ means
the day of the solemn feast, when the temples
and other buildings were decked out in olden
times.— ^J II. To adorn, prepare (with ace.
and < - > or ^); to deck a thing out (with
specious arguments, or otherwise), to make it
appear pleasing (with ace. and J) ; ^^ c^J'
J>jit^ 15 T. 39, "Verily I will make (their
disobedience) appear pleasing to them on the
Earth."-^:Jjt for ^j? V. D. S. Gr. T.l, p.
220, To be adorned.

Digitized by VjOOQ IC


( nj )


, w an j^ Ivcrb profixed to tliC aorist tense of verb3,
and ^jivin^j tliem a future signification; it is
■ consiJereJ as an abbreviation of uJj^ q.v. ;
thu3 J^ J[ o^^ 11 V. 45, " I will b'^talvG
myself to a mountiun," sec ^y; it is like-
wise used in conjunction with other- prefixes,
as '^r^ij-O 2 V. 131, "And God will
suPacc thee (as a protection against) them/'
see Ji.

jUaor. a. To ask, interrogate?, ask for, demand
(with ace. of pers. and ^1, also with double
ace. or with ace. of pers. and i^ or ^) ; to
pray to (with ace.), as at 55 v. 29 ; Iniperat.
JO and.JJ. ^'ole. Verbs whose second
radical is hamzated are frequently declined
after the manner of concave verbs. jL» A
request, petition; J^^ n.a. The act of de-
manding. JJ L> part. act. One who asks, de-
mands, etc., a beggar, as at 93 v. 10. Jj— ^
part, pass; That which is demanded or inquired
into; at 17 vv. 3G and 33 it refers to those
things which shall be inquired into at the day
of judgment.— J'LJ VI. To ask or make
inquiries of one another (with J^), as ^Jjl
^ ^jSl'wlj 4 V. 1, "About whom ye have dis-
cussions one with another, or in whose name
ye beseech one another;" ^^'v '^ which may
also be spelt ^jJ^Cj is here put for ^J\C^,
D.S. Gr.T. l,'p.220.

with ^ of thing).

aor. 0. To cut, revile. «*-^ - - j Plur. .c-juLT A
rope, cord, lien or that by which one thing is
connected with another, as a path, way, means

to an end, a ca'i>\^ ; u— > ^^-» JS ^« *^^'iJ
Cll ^Jjli 13 V. 53, " And we c^ave him ft
means to accomplish every end, so ho followed
his way;" c^C^^f^ \^f^ 83 v. 9, " Let
them then ascend into the tracts (of Heaven)."

^uJl Sabi*, V. j^^-t^.

^ aor. 0. and i. To rest, celebrate the Sabbath.
^ULl The Sabbath ; at 7 v. 1G3 and elsowliere
reference is made to the story of cci taiu Jews
who resided atElathontlieUedSciiin the time
of David, and who wore turned into apos for
catching fish on the Sabbath day. il:\Li Rest.

1 aor. a. To s/vim, roll on w. -Is, perform a diuly
course (with J). ^ n.a. The act of swim-
ming, occupation in worldly affairs. ^-»
part. act. One who swims or moves with a
swimming motion, applied to Angels a-t 79
V. 3, or, according to another of several inter-
pretations, to ships. ^^U-v Praise; flil ^j^>-»
and UliLi are adverbial expressions in which
there is an ellipse of the verb IXl, as "The
•praise of God," or " by praising him," for " I
celebrate the Praise of God," q\.q,, hence it is
that the word ^^l^ appears in the accns., soo
D. S. Gr. T. 1, p. 502, and T. 2, p. 82;
^T,^ d^ ^T J,l^ 37 V. 159 ; In this and
similar passages there would appear to be also
an ellipse of the verb J^JJ ; At 28 v. 68 this
deficiency is supplied, and the passage then
reads thus, " I celebrate the Praise of God,
and may He b^ far exalted above that which
they impute to Him."— 1^ IL To sing praises
(with J of pers.), celebrate praises (with c-^),
laud and magnify (with ace), ^fir^ °•^•

Digitized by VjOOQIC


( CG )

^ »

I ?.rl. net. One wlio

lH.. riiir. l'':l! A

The act of praido. -^

celebrates prai?c.i.
kwj a:r. n. To he lank (Lair),

tribe (of the cliiblron of l£4'ac]).
J-. J aor. a. and i. To make a numlcr up to s^ccn

«-.^ fom., /.t^-j masc. Seven, sec

' Sale tuiri.^lalo:-' tliis word "prjvcnt'nl/' a iikp.u-
ing it nv^y v/cU boar in the two ii.;tancc.^ in
which it occurs.—-, ;jLj III. To shive to cx'^ol


A wilJ-buast.


aor. 0. To he long and trailing on the ground
(a garment), i^C A coat of mail.— <i - ^i IV.
Tacauso to abound (with ace. and J^ of pers.).
I n^r. i. and o. To be in advance of (with ace);
precede (witli J) ; to go before (with ace. and
^^ or L^j); pais before, go forth previously,
aa ft s-nteiice of condemnation (with ^Li of
pera. and ^r^), with which meaning it appears
at 11 V. 42 ; or a promise of eternal happiness-
(with J of pers. and ^^5), as at 21 v. 101 ; to
happen previously, pass by, surpass, get the
better of (with ace.) ; With ^^• it may. some-
times be rendered to do previously, as U
J^^jilf^.j s^ ^ G JSZ 7 V. 73, " Xo
created beiirg has committed this (crime) before
you;" to prevent, in the old sense of to be
beforehand with (with ace. of pers. and t-^);
thus at 21 V. 27 jlalJ dJ^LlJi ''They do not

prevent him in their speech." ju-j n.a. The
act of preceding. ^\^ part. act. One who
precedes or outstrips in a race ; At 56 v. 10
we find the word ^y^lJ 1 repeated, probably
to gfive force and dignity to the expression,
which may there be rendered "The leaders on
earth and in Heaven," viz. those who having
been the first to embrace the Faith, shall be
the first in Paradise. cyy*^ P*'^^t« P^ss.
One who is surpassed or beaten in a race ;

or reach before anotlior (with ^^^).

VIII. To strive one with another in a race, or
to reacli a goal (with ace).

jlJ Jiain, no verbal root.. J^-j Plur. -J-L* (com.
gend.) A way, road; a cause or reason, as at
9 vv. 92 and 94, wliere it moans "a cause of
reproach;" J - !!^ ^j1^ A travclTji'; ^1 Js - -i
The path of duty to God ; it frequently means
an expedition or war mrelo by believers to
propagate tlie ilol-amir.a'Ian fuilh; ai.ocesiity,
as JuJj "^IVjl , J iDL^ I 22 3 V.C9, "There
is no nccessi:y inc\imbcnt upon us (to pay or
observe justice) towards the Ileatlien."
aor. i. To take rapt ice. ^L-i Saba', called in
Scripture " Sheba," a city of Yeman destroyed
by the inundation of El 'Arem; it took its
name from Saba*, the great grandson of Kahtan
or Joctan.
Lj^ for ^^J^ fern. Six ; masc. *;;::;-:, scejL^.
^f^y Oblique ^^ Sixty.

^ aor. 0. To cover, j^ A Ten, covermg. • jy.^
part. pass. Spread over as a veil.— -^r-*' VIII.
To hide* one's-self.

jl^ aor. 0.. To be humble^ submit one's-self, bow
down in adoration with the forehead touching
the ground, to worship (with J), l^
Adoration. la^C Plur. ^ysr* and lir* part,
act. One who bows down. *^sr^ Plur. a^UI*
(2nd declension) A place of adoration, mosque;

j^\x^\j\ ^j^ifo^r^ 17 V. 1,

" From the sacred temple at Mecca to the
further mosque at Jerusalem," or as Beidawee
explains it, to the Holy House there; for at
tTiat tirtie there was no mosque behind it.

Digitized by


( G7 )


aor. 0. To iiitcr a crj, a3 a c j.:J to h rfoal;
to pour forth, fill Tvlth wttcr, to b:'rn(with^J).

;.;-i part. r^=^s. ..^^v-rO' ^'3 V. c,

'* By the ocean pourcfl fortli over tlie earth."
— l|r» II. To s'.YcU and become turgil (the

^^ To pour forth, JU^ which io 5pelt in various
ways, has also sundry significations ; by some
it is supposed to mean the Arj,'-! v.ho inscribes
men's actions in a book, rolling it up at their
death ; or it may be the name of a certain
scribe of ilohainmad, or a written scroll; for
the construction of the words l-.,^OJ S^ ' . cr^
21 y. 104, see D. S. Gr. T. 2, p; 1C4 ; see also
his Chrestomathle Arabo, T. 3, p. 231. Jjr?
Baked clay of which the stones were formed
which were said to have been rained down
from Heaven upon Sodom, and also upon the
"Companions of the Elephant" mentioned in
chap. 105.

^^ aor. 0. To imprison, c;;-?^'*^ P^^t. pass.
Imprisoned. ^Irf A prison. ^^^ The
register in which the actions ofthe wicked are
recorded, or .the place where it is kept.

\js^ aor. 0. (also written ^^^) To be quiet, tranquil
or dark (the night).

ij.^ aor. a. To drag along the ground (with ^).
t-jls-» A cloud, clouds, sometimes used as a
collective noun.

<X%3e Td destroy utterly, eradicate, ci^' Un-
lawful, forbidden by law.— lzi^^s-"! IV. same as
primitive form (with ace. of pers. and s-^)..

j^ aor. a. To gild, enchant, bewitch (with ace.
and c->). js^^ Sorcery, enchantment.
Piur.jisr*! The early dawn. ^
»js:^ part. act. A magician, sorcerer. j\s^

* C Plur.

A ^-iOAt i:in::iclan. "^.t: - ^ r:.;t. iv'^.^s. Oii:-b>
witclicd, delii'liid by sorcery . - ^-r^* p:-:l. p'-'s.
II. f\ ];:'.vitcbi:d.
J^-^ To lent small, and J.;^ To IcfiroJ. jJ-J"
n.a. The act of being far OiT; \i^ ^ C7 v. 11,
" Far tiicii be (pardon) Lxva tboin ;" an cllli^.o
for U i^i.-' u^ 1 ♦.^.-^'-'\j God has removed them
far away in respect of pardon." J^*^ ^ar
distant. JJl^'\ Isaac (2nd declor. jion) D. S.'
Gr. T. 1, p. 404.
To strip off the bark.


XsJd Shore of a river

or sea.

j^ aor. a. To ridicule (with ^^.of pors.). j^^
part. act. One who turns \.o ridiculo. ci/*^
A jeer, ridicule; at 43 v. 31 it means 0:.o who
is compelled to serve without payment. —
\^ II.. To subject (with ace. and J) ; to
compel any one to work without payment;
at C9 V. 7 it id used with the ace. and ^i^ of
pers. and may there be rendered "He caused
it to assail them." "Iszt* - * part, pass. Subjected,
compelled to serve or work.—lif^-=-'^ X. To
turn anything to ridicule.

ks^ aor. a; To be angry (wuth ,^^). 1^^ Wratli.
— lis^^l lY. To incense,

s s

iJi aor. 0. To obstruct, stop up, a-* n.a. or a^ A
mountain, an obstacle, rampart, bar ; ^^xlJ \
18 V. 92 oblique dual, "The two nriountains/'
supposed to be situated in Annenia, or on the
borders of Turkistan. Jl>ju1 Well-directed,
convenient or opportune.

JU To let down the hair, JjL. generic noun, The
Lote-trce. ijX^ noun of unity, A single Lote-

tree; ^^^rsjl-i 53 vv.l4andl6,TheTx)te-
tree, beyond which no creature can pass ;

Digitized by




( C3 )

all!i;!;n ii r.rjle to it in ZLooV'/^ L?Mv.

III r^.y I'.'iiy v.iXMl'i, so l./i-.:ht urul I ri-f ;
Oil! v.l::.t aiP t/.' Irs/iitL^l l^ it cVt havcllov.u,
, To tlic; L'j!e tree fpnTiAin-T ])•/ All jli's llirono,
•Vriio-L- llo'wcib L:ivo a i-unl in every Icuf."

(jw^^v^- aor. 0. Tb ta/:c a sixth part. ^^wA-j A sixth

part. (^jC The sixth.
1ju» aor. 0. 7b strc'c/i out tlic handton-anls a^y Csic,

4^ju» No^'lecteJ, uiicart^J for.

A Ir.rap, or ':;/.!i,f a can J!-', (!.c r^c ;;t;,clL' iJii;^'

call J J^;^'^:-'.

' ^ aor. a. 7c; Lt {a for!:) <jOjr:c to pi:iarc.(il

• Uli'r'y ; to IcaJ out to i'?3turein t!io niorninj.

"J^ Di^inis3:il. — "^ II. To dismiss freely,


> n.a.


aor. 0. 7t? c.'r^ ^ij nacd strir^;, io make glad,
rejoice. j%j^ n.a. Joy. ^ A secret; \j^
Secretly, in private, j^ plur. of "Vi-j A


couch, t!irono. '^TJIj Joy, joyful stafo. j\ ^
(Slid declension) plur. of .y^ A secret.
jl^,*«.« part. pass. Ecjoiced.— -^1 I v . To con-
ceal, and also to reveal or manifest (with
ace); At 10 v. 5^ and 34 v. 32 it seems
doubtful which of these meanings is intended

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Online LibraryJohn PenriceA dictionary and glossary of the Ḳor-ân, with copious grammatical references and explanations of the text → online text (page 8 of 20)