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History of Chautauqua County, New York, and its people (Volume 3) online

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seeing nearly two years of service was discharged
March 31, 1919; married Berenice Hoyt, July 24, 1020.
2. Ruth L., born Julv 20, 1895, married, Sept. i'>. 1019.
F. W. Skillman. of Ellerv. 3. Hazel E., born May 2,

of this review have long b^-en settled in the village of
Fluvanna, Chautauqua county, N. Y., Alexander H., and father. .-Mexander Sherman Brown, both being born
tliere. Farming was his family occupation, and there
was little of excitement or novelty in his life until the
great World War claimed Clifford R., son of .Alexander
H. Brown, and landed him on foreign soil with the
77th Division, .\mcrican Expeditionary Forces. The
world has read of how Col. Charles W. Whittlesey and
his "Lost Battalion" fought for five days in the forest
of Benarville northwest of Verdun while the Germans
were all about them. The talc of the deliverance of this
battalion after it had lost half of its seven hundred men
and had suffered tortures from hunger and thirst, is one
of the thrilling stories of the war. It is mentioned here
because Clifford R, Brown, the Chautauqua soldier, was
one of the two men who got through tlie German line
and brought news to the .Nmericans of their beleaguered

.-Mexander Hudson Brown, son of Alexander Sher-
man and Sarah Melvina (Hudson) Brown, was born in
Fluvanna, Chautauqua county, N. Y., Jan. 5, 1871. He
attf-ndcd the public schools of the district and of James-
town. iKfginning his active life as a farmer while yet
a school boy. He has followed that occupation all his
life, but is now living at his home in the town of Har-
mony. Mr, Brown is a Republican in politics, a member
of the Patrons of Husbandry, and of the Methodist
Episcopal church.

.\fr. Brown marri'd, in Jamestown, l)ec. 27, 18^)3,
Eva A. Rhodes, fjorn in the town of [■".llery, March 28,
1874, daughter of .'Xmbrosc anti Jennie (Robins;

Rhodes, her father born in Saratoga county, her mother
in Steuben county, N. Y. Mr. and Mrs. Brown are
the parents of five children: i. Alexander M., bom
July 6, 1S94. 2. Clifford R., born Jan. 9, 1896; entered
the army under the selective tests, Feb. 20, 1918, was
assigned to Company C, 308th Regiment of Infantry,
reported at New York, April 6, was sent overseas, was
in the trenches June 20, and later distinguished him-
self by bringing messages of the "Lost Battalion"
through the German line ; he returned to his home
safely, 3, Willis E., born March 17, 1897. 4- Mabel E.,
born May 28. 1002. 5. Inland E., born Dec. 30, 1907.

AZRO C. BUSH, one of the leading farmers of the
Conewango \alley district of Chautauqua county, N. Y.,
and a man of commendable record in both private and
business life, is a native of the county, and has farmed
within a short distance of his birthplace throughout
practically the whole of his years of manhood. And he
has risen to substantial means mainly by his own con-
sistent and persistent efforts.

He was born in Ellington, Chautauqua county, N. Y.,
in November. 1S53. the son of Lyman and Eliza A.
(Crofoot) Bush, and in the public schools of that place
he passed his early years of schooling. When his
school days ended, indeed in all probability much before
then, he applied himself energetically to farm work
upon his father's farm. Ultimately, he took a farm for
himself, married, and steadily prospered. Politically a
Republican, he has not taken much part in political
movements, that is, those that had no direct bearing
upon local conditions, but he has always taken a keen
interest in the public movements in his own district, and
in those at limes took active part. Had he wished, he
might have held public office in the local administration.
Such, however, was not his inclination, although he was
ever ready to give aid, personal or financial, to any
worthy local project. He and his wife in their younger
days took appreciable part in the church and social
functions of the community.

Mr. Bush is a member of the local Grange, and by
religious conviction is a Methodist, as such, during the
long period of his membership, he has been of appre-
ciable aid in its functioning and maintenance. And
during the recent war, he proved himself to be a whole-
hearted patriot in more ways than one; he was a sub-
stantial subscriber to the several funds raised for the
prosecution of the war, and in matters of production
upon his own farm he aided the government to the limit
of his strength in its endeavor to bring all land into
profitable bearing, if that were possible, and so create
a substantial surplus of foodstuffs over our needs to
aid in the sustenance of the famishing peoples of Eu-
rope, whose lands had been impoverished and whose
man-power had been depleted by the years of devastat-
ing strife. In preventing waste, and seeking to increase
yields upon their own individual farms, the American
farmers accomplished much ; in fact, the aggregate
American harvests of 1917 and 1918 had much to do
with the final victorious outcome of the war, and al-
though the part of the individual farmer might to him
have appeared insignificant in so great a struggle, he
was f(irced to change bis mind when he saw what, in



the aggregate, the agricultural effort of America ac-

Mr. Bush followed the progress of the war from
day to day with the whole-hearted interest of a true
patriot, and was glad to have had some, even if only a
minor part in the great national effort. Had he been
younger, his part would necessarily have been a more
prominent one, but not so far as interest and desire

Mr. Bush married, Sept. 19, 1878, in Ellington, Chau-
tauqua county, N. V., Ida, daughter of Lorenzo M. and
Caroline M. (Hoag) Day. She was born in Ellington,
April 19, 1859, and came of an old Chautauqua county
family. To Azro C. and Ida (Day) Bush were born
two children: Carrie E., bom Nov. 23. 1884; Bert D.,
born April 14, 1892. Their daughter, Carrie E., mar-
ried Irvin Cross, and became the mother of Ida C.
Cross, born Sept. 2, 1905.

In stability of character and resolute application to
honest labor, which in his younger days was harder and
accompanied by the discouragements of money scarcity,
Mr. Bush has an estimable record ; in Christian endeavor
and neighborly interest, his years have been well spent,
and have brought good return in Christian strength
and strong friendships ; and in wholesomeness of pri-
vate life his record is enviable.

CHARLES D. CLEMENT— Fifty-three years ago
George \V. Clement, father of Charles D. Clement,
bought a farm of 132 acres on lot 8, town of Villenova,
Chautauqua county, N. Y., upon which his son resides,
although its acres have now increased to 164. Mr.
Clement is of Scotch ancestry, son of George W. and
Alceste (Day) Clement, and maternal grandson of
Horace Day, born in West Springfield, Mass.

Charles D. Clement was born in the town of Stockton,
Chautauqua county, N. Y., Sept. 29, i860, but in 1867
his father bought a farm of 132 acres in Villenova, and
there the life of Charles D. Clement has been largely
passed. His father died when he was thirteen years
old and until he was twenty-one he assisted his mother
on the farm and then bought it. He has largely added
to its area and greatly improved it. Mr. Clement is a
Republican in politics, a member of Hanover Lodge,
No. 152, Free and .Accepted Masons. In 1912-13-14-15-
16-17. Mr. Clement represented Villenova on the Chau-
tauqua County Board of Supervisors. In 1918-19 he was
out of office, but is now (1920) serving the fourth term,
a record length of service for Villenova.

Mr. Clement married in Hamlet, town of Villenova,
Nov. 20, 1892, Frantcelia Wood, born Oct. 28, 1871, in
Leon. Cattaraugus county, N. Y., daughter of Joseph F.
Wood, born in Collins, Erie county, N. Y., and his wife,
Margaret (Warner) Wood, born in East Bern, Albany
county. N. Y. Mr. and Mrs. Clement are the parents of
four children: Lilan M., born Dec. 11, 1894; George W.,
born Jan. 19, 1896; Lucy, born Oct. i, 1898; and Gif-
ford D., born Sept. 24, 1903.

county, N. Y., is a native of the county, and has set-
tled down early in life to the resolute task of strong,
independent, self-reliant manhood. He has manifested
much of the stalwart traits of his forbears; he has taken
to agricultural occupations not of necessity but from
choice; he was the head of a family when only twenty-
three years old; and thus early in life he took upon
himself the responsibilities of independent farming.
-And the consistent steadiness and energj' with which he
has applied, himself to farming operations since his
marriage have stamped him as a man who will gain
a worthy reputation for integrity, material and moral,
and who will in due time take his place among the
representative and successful farm owners of Chau-
tauqua county, N. Y.

Erie Ray Crandall was born in Kennedy, Chautau-
qua county, X. Y., April 27, 1892, the son of Ray G.
and Bertha R. (Cornall) Crandall. His father is well
known among agriculturists, being an extensive cattle
buyer, and also a man of some prominence in the public
affairs of the Kennedy district of Chautauqua county.
As a boy Erie R. Crandall attended the public schools
of his native place, and afterwards entered the James-
town High School, from which he creditably graduated
with the class of 191 1. After leaving school, he took to
agricultural tasks with energetic intelligence, and has
become well versed in modern methods, some of which
he has introduced into his own farm management. He
is an active member of the Grange, but up to the pres-
ent has not manifested a definite inclination to enter
keenly into political activities. By religious conviction
he is a Methodist, and has given indication that he pos-
sesses a consistent earnestness in matters pertaining
to the church.

Mr. Crandall married, Jan. 22, 1914, Mildred Rea
Williams, who was born in Kennedy, May 20, 1894, and
comes of a family long resident in Chautauqua county;
in fact, both of her parents, Stanley A. and Gertrude
(Harris) Williams, were also born in Kennedy. Mr.
and Mrs. Crandall are the parents of two children:
Robert S., born Dec. 31, 1915; Philip Stanley, born Aug.
31, 1918. Both were born in Kennedy, with which place
the family has so many associations. Mr. and Mrs.
Crandall enter heartily into the activities, social and
religious, of the community, and are generally popular,
being useful, substantial, and entertaining members of
the community, hospitably inclined.

ERIE RAY CRANDALL, who gives promise of
becoming a successful agriculturist, and has done well
during the last five or six years in the cultivation of a
farming property he owns in Kennedy, Chautauqua

BENJAMIN BREADS— The farmers of Chautau-
qua county have played a very important part in the
development of this region, and this is especially true
in the case of Benjamin Breads, who holds a high place
in the esteem of his fellowmen hereabouts. Benjamin
Breads was born in the town of Marcy, Oneida county,
N. Y., Aug. 19, 1845, a son of William and Sarah
(Simms) Breads.

He received his education in the district schools of
his native place, and assisted his father during his
spare time with the work upon the farm. The elder man
was the owner of 200 acres of excellent farm property
and in addition to the cultivation of this place Mr.
Breads was also engaged in the cutting and selling of
timber. He remained with his father for some little



time, and in iSoo. in partnership with his brothers, Wil-
liam and Joseph Breads, buik a saw mill which they
operated until 187S with considerable success. In tlic
latter year they sold the saw mill and Mr. Breads en-
gaged on his own account in business as a blacksmith
and wagon builder, being successful from the outset in
this enterprise. Mr. Breads, up to the present, still
retains a fond affection for farming and is the owner
of a splendid farm, consisting of thirty acres, and has
bui'.t a charming residence on this property, where he
now resides.

Benjamin Breads is very prominent in the social and
club life of Westrield. and is a member of Sherman
Lodge, Independent Order of Odd Fellows, and of the
local Grange, of which he is past master. In politics
he is a Republican and ardently supports the principles
and policies of this party. Mr. Breads has served as a
justice of the peace here since 1SS3, a period of more
than twenty-five years. He has one brother living, Jo-
seph, who is a twin brother of Mr. Breads, and is men-
tic>ned elsewhere in this work.

Benjamin Breads married (tirst^ Dec. 14, iS;i, at
Rouseville, Pa.. .\da Madden, a resident of Cleveland.
and to them one child was born. Bert Breads, who is
now a farmer at Ripley, .\fter the death of his first
wife. Mr. Breads married (second) -■^ug. iS, 1886. Polly
Fo.x. a native of W'estfield. She was a daughter of
Francis and Eleanor (Payne) Fox. old and highly
respected residents of this place. Of this second mar-
riage one son was born. Fred, who is engaged in farm-
ine at Mavville. and married Grace Pasker.

WILLIAM WARD CRICK— In the town of Kian-
tone. in the southern part of Chautauqua county. N. V.,
the Crick family lirst made their home on coming to
the county, and there .Adelbert Crick was born and spent
his life, a farmer. He married Margaret Seekings,
born in England, and among their children was a son,
William W. Crick, luirn in Kiantone, May 9, 1884, and
there educated in the public schools. He was reared
on the farm, but later moved to Jamestown, where he
holds a good position, his home in Busti, where he owns
a good property, well improved with buildings and
orchards. He is a member of the school board of his
district, and takes a lively interest in community affairs.
He is a Republican in politics, and a member of the
Protestant Episcopal church.

Mr, Crick married, in Jamestown. July i, i(X)8, .A-ia
Crosslcy. Ix-irn in Bradford. England, daugliter of Wil-
liam and Margaret (Robinson) Crossley. Mr. .md Mrs.
Crick are the parents of three children : Luther William.
U)rn Feb. 7. 1910; Ruth Alice, born Oct. 22, 1912; Clyde
.\dell)crt, born March 31, 1915, died Dec. 8, l';2o.

ERNEST PALMER CROSS, who resides on his
farm I'K-ai'-d about threc-'iuarters of a mile fr')tu tlic
village of Niohe. and who is one of the substantial men
of his section of Chautaufjua county, is a son of .Am-
brose Cross, who has been a justice of the peace for
nearly thirty years, and who is living in Panama. Chau-
tauf|tia rounty. X. V.. at the present time (\<)20).

Ernest Palmer Cross was born on the home farm in
the town of Harmony, Chautauqua county, N. \ ., .\\)r\\

10. 1S68. He was educated in the district school, and
early became his father's farm assistant. After coming'
to man's estate, he adopted agriculture as his life work
and is the owner of a fine farm near the village of
Xiobe, upon which, in 1915, he built his present residence
and the same year erected a barn, these improvements
greatly enhancing the appearance and value of the
property. Mr. Cross is a Republican in politics, and at
the present time is serving in the capacity of superin-
tendent of roads. He is a member of the Patrons of
Husbandry and the Independent Order of Odd Fellows.
Mr. Cross married, at Niobe, N. Y., Oct. 14, 1891,
Lena Gertrude Daniels, born Feb. 10, 1871, daughter of
John M. and Martha Lucinda (Ayling) Daniels.

FRANK A. CHASE, who follows general farming
on section 23, Charlotte township, has a rich and arable
tract of land of 131) acres, which is well improved and
valuable, and is engaged thereon in stock raising and
dairying. He thoroughly understands his work in every
department, and so directs his energies by sound judg-
ment that his efforts are being attended with very credi-
table success, Jlr, Chase was born in Cherry Creek
township. May 8, 1867, a son of Charles P. and Ellen
(Barnum) Chase.

Stephen Chase, great-grandfather of Frank A. Chase,
was the first of the name in Chautauqua county, N. Y.
He married Bertha Mathewson, and they had issue.

George Chase, son of Stephen and Bertha (Mathew-
son) Chase, was born .Aug. 9, 1799. He was a farmer
in \'illenova township, and spent his entire life here.
He married -Abigail Smith and they had issue.

Charles P. Chase, son of George and Abigail (Smith)
Chase, was born in the town of Villenova, Jan. 31,
1832, and there grew to manhood. He assisted his father
upon the fanu until he moved to Cherry Creek township,
where he spent the remainder of his life on his farm.
He died July 24. 1879, and is buried in the Villenova
Cemetery, at Villenova, Chautauqua county. Politically
he was a Republican, and was a member of that party
since casting his first presidential vote. He married,
Dec. 25, i860, at Cherry Creek, Ellen Barnum, born July
5, 1845, flii-"'' Feb. 6, 1892, a daughter of Azor and
Abagail (Warner) Barnum. To this union were born
six children, as follows: i. George E., born Oct. 31,
1862, who is a musician and makes violins; he resides at
Celoron, N. Y. ; he married Laura Culver. 2. Martha
-A., born June 28, 1865, married .Aaron Essex; she is
now a widow residing at Hanover. 3. Frank .A., see
forward. 4. Lillie E., born July 29, 1869, died Feb. 9,
1871. 5. Charles A., born April 29, 1872; married Maud
Town ; resides in Dunkirk, N. Y. 6. Rose E., born Sept.
12, 1876. died April 17. lOiO; married (first) Charles
Brown, (second) George Hill.

[•"rank .A. Chase, whose name is the caption of this
article, received his early education in the district
.schools of Cherry Creek township, where he grew to
manhood. After completing his course of study, he as-
sisted his father in his agricultural business until he
remo'.ed tr) Charlotte township and engaged in business
for himself. He purchased the old (Barrett Wheeler
farm of about ninety-five acres, where he now resides,
and sotiK- tinur later purchased the adjoining farm of
about forty-four acres, which makes about [39 acres,



which represents one of the best farms of Charlotte
township, and which is operated by Mr. Chase.

Mr. Chase married, Feb. 24, 1800, Gertrude F. Chase,
daughter of Frank ^[. and Mary R. (Harvey) Chase,
and the niece of .Albert X. Chase, whose biography ap-
pears upon other pages of these volumes. To this union
have been born two children: i. Berle H., born May
4, i8gi, married .\da L. Christie. 2. Child, born May ig,
1899. died at birth. Mr. and Mrs. Chase are members
of the Charlotte Center Grange, No. 669. Politically
Mr. Chase is a staunch Democrat, and is an ardent up-
holder of that party's principles.

Mr. Chase has long been a resident of Charlotte town-
ship, witnessing much of its growth and progress as the
years have gone by, and he belongs to that class of sub-
stantial citizens who are active in promoting material
progress and upholding the intellectual and moral status
of the community.

and Mrs. Culver two children have been born, as fol-
lows: Clayburn J., born April 6, 1893; and Clara H.,

born .\ug. 5, 1898.

JAMES CULVER, tor many years one of the prom-
inent figures in the general life of Bemus Point. Chau-
tauqua county, N. Y., where he is engaged in business
as a blacksmith and dealer in farming implements, is a
native of the township of Ellery, where his birth oc-
curred Oct. 23, 1865. He is a son of James Culver, Sr.,
a native of Warren county, N. Y., and of Hannah (Win-
chester) Culver, who was born in Ellery township.
James Culver, Sr., was for many years a blacksmith
here and did a large trade in the neighborhood, making
himself one of the substantial citizens of the place. Mr.
Culver's paternal grandfather was also a resident of
the region, and was well known in his day.

James Culver passed his childhood at his father's
home in Ellery township, and attended the common
schools there for his education. Upon completing his
studies the young man, following in his father's foot-
steps, took up the trade of blacksmith, and eventually
succeeded to the place held by the latter for so many
years. As time went on, Mr. Culver began the sale of
agricultural implements, at first on a small scale, but
later, as his reputation became larger and the com-
munity grew in size, he devoted much of his time and
attention to this side of the business. He has been e.x-
ceedingly successful in this enterprise and his success
has been due entirely to his own indefatigable and intel-
ligent industry and to the knowledge, shared by all his
fellow townsmen, of his absolute integrity and fair
dealing. Mr. Culver is a conspicuous figure in the social
and fraternal life of the town, and is a member of
Peacock Lodge, No. 696. .\ncient Free and .Accepted
Masons, of Mayville, which he joined in the year 1911.
In politics he is a Democrat and strongly supports his
party in this region, although his business activities have
prevented him from taking so active a part in public
affairs as his talents and grasp of practical affairs well
fit him for. He is a Methodist in his religious belief
and attends the Methodist Episcopal church at Bemus

James Culver was united in marriage, Dec. 9. 1891, at
Jamestown, N. Y., with Grace A. Hays, a native of El-
lery township, born .\ug. 22, 1871, a daughter of John
B. and Laura A. (Hull) Hays, the former a native of
Connecticut and the latter of New York City. To Mr.

LUTHER LAKE CROSS, JR.— The farming and
dairying interests of Charlotte township have a worthy
representative in Luther Lake Cross, Jr., who is the
owner of a fine farm on section 45. It is a well im-
proved place. Luther Lake Cross, Jr., was born on the
homestead farm where he now resides, July 9, 1881, a
son of Luther Lake Cross, Sr., and Fanna .Amelia (Tar-
lo.x ) Cross.

.Alonzo Cross (grandfather), the pioneer in Char-
lotte township, came from Hamilton county, N. Y., to
Chautauqua county, N. Y., and settled in Charlotte
township. Here he purchased a tract of land on section
45 and engaged in the farming and stock raising busi-
ness. He continued in this occupation for some time
and then accepted a position as mail carrier from Char-
lotte Center to Sinclairville, in which position he re-
mained until his demise. Alonzo Cross married Amelia
Lake, who was born in Charlotte township, a daughter
of Luther Lake, pioneer settler of Chautauqua county.
To this union were born five children : Luther Lake,

of whom further : Delvina, married Walkins,

and resided in Michigan ; Helen, married William
Moore, and resided in Michigan ; Sylvester, who resided
in Sinclairville ; Emma, who married Homer Tarbox,
and resided in Rochester, N. Y. ; Corwin, who resided
in Sinclairville and Philadelphia, and now lives in
Jamestown, N. Y.

Luther Lake Cross (father), a son of .Alonzo and
.Amelia (Lake) Cross, was born on the homestead farm
in Charlotte township, .April 24, 1837. He was educated
in the public schools of his native village, and after
laying aside his text books took up the occupation of
farming and dairying on his father's farm. He soon
made many improvements on the old homestead, and
Mr. Cross built the present house. Mr. Cross, Sr., was
also very prominent in social circles as well as business
circles, being a member of the Grange. On March 9,
i860, Mr. Cross, Sr., was united in marriage with
Fanna .Amelia Tarlox, born in Chautauqua county, N.
Y., a daughter of Win and Sarah (Wood) Tarlox,
To Mr. and Mrs. Cross were born four children, as fol-
lows : I. Ruby, born March 14, 1868; she was educated
in the public schools of Charlotte township, and after
taking a course in the Fredonia Normal School accepted
a position as teacher in the public schools of her native
village; she married Clarence Bushnell. 2. .Anna Belle,
born Oct. 20, 1876; married F. D. Bumpus, of Sinclair-
ville. 3. .Agnes S., born .Aug. 16. 1879; married Burt
Chase. 4. Luther Lake, Jr., of whom further.

Luther Lake Cross, Jr., whose name heads this review,
received his early education in the district schools of his
township. He completed the work of the high school
and then finished with a course at the Normal School.
He afterwards engaged in teaching, which profession he
followed for fourteen years in Charlotte township, El-
lery and Stockton. In 1909 he discontinued his teaching
in order to help manage his father's farm. This occu-
pation he continued until the death of his father, when
he assumed full charge of his agricultural business,



continuing in same to the present time. Mr. Cross, Jr.,

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